[[quoteright:300:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/amsel_chinatown.jpg]]

->''"You can't always tell what's going on."''
-->-- '''Jake Gittes'''

A seminal Neo-Noir film, and considered by many to be among the best examples of FilmNoir in general, ''Chinatown'' (1974) was written by Robert Towne and directed by Creator/RomanPolanski. The film stars Creator/JackNicholson, Creator/FayeDunaway, and Creator/JohnHuston. It is ''[[CrapsackWorld DARK.]]''

The setting is 1937 UsefulNotes/LosAngeles. J.J. "Jake" Gittes (Nicholson), a former cop turned PrivateDetective, is hired by a woman claiming to be Evelyn Mulwray, the wife of the city's water commissioner, to prove that her husband is having an affair. It seems like a simple enough job. But it isn't. It turns out that the woman who hired him isn't really Mrs. Mulwray. Then the water commissioner ends up dead and the real Mrs. Mulwray (Dunaway) hires Gittes to find out what really happened. He may ''think'' he knows what he's dealing with. But -- as Noah Cross (Huston), Mrs. Mulwray's father and her late husband's former business partner, warns him -- he really doesn't.

Fun fact: this film was co-financed by Bob Guccione, the publisher of the famous pornographic magazine ''Penthouse''. Nominated for 11 UsefulNotes/{{Academy Award}}s, winning for Towne's screenplay. It had a lesser-known (and less well-regarded) sequel, ''The Two Jakes'', directed by Jack Nicholson and released in 1990.

[[IThoughtItMeant For the kind of place]], see FriendlyLocalChinatown. Don't confuse this with ''Film/BigTroubleInLittleChina'', however tempting it may be.

----
!!This movie contains examples of:

* AbortedArc: A third film, ''Cloverleaf'', was planned. ''Chinatown'' focused on water, ''The Two Jakes'' focused on oil, and ''Cloverleaf'' would have focused on transportation. Ironically, ''WesternAnimation/WhoFramedRogerRabbit'' picked up the slack and even named the trolley car company in the film after the never-produced film!
* AccidentalMisnaming: Cross persists in pronouncing Jake's last name as "Gitts" even after he's corrected. Also, Curly addresses him as "Mr. Geetis" a couple times. In Cross' case, it ''could'' be MaliciousMisnaming.
* AdultFear: Got evidence of corruption in the government? The rich and powerful will just cover it up. Not fair? Too bad; you're a nobody, so forget it, or even better "do as little as possible".
* AmbiguousTimePeriod: While the film is nominally set in 1937, its portrayal of Los Angeles plucks bits and pieces from multiple eras (as noted in [[http://www.rouge.com.au/11/chinatown.html this article]]). The water rights problem was an issue of the [=1910s=] and [=1920s=], while Gittes makes references to "okies" (an insulting word for Oklahoma migrant farmers) and we see a large portrait of [=FDR=]:
--> ''Chinatown'' is a 70s image of a 40s image of the 30s, apparently based, in turn, on Los Angeles water politics from an earlier period again and complete with a kind of indeterminate post 50s soundtrack.
* AmbiguouslyJewish: Gittes; there are hints given in both films.
* AndThenWhat: Subverted - Jake attempts this with the villain. It doesn't work.
--> '''Jake Gittes:''' I just wanna know what you're worth. More than 10 million?\\
[[spoiler:'''Noah Cross:''']] Oh my, yes!\\
'''Jake Gittes:''' Why are you doing it? How much better can you eat? What could you buy that you can't already afford?\\
[[spoiler:'''Noah Cross:''']] [[VisionaryVillain The future, Mr. Gittes! The future]].
* ArcWords: "As little as possible."
* ArmorPiercingQuestion: In ''The Two Jakes'', "The past, does it ever go away?" [[spoiler: Jake answers the question at the end, "No, it never goes away."]]
* ArmorPiercingSlap: [[spoiler: The REAL]] Mrs. Mulwray gives Jake Gittes one. He shocked to realize he'd been duped [[spoiler: by a fake Mrs. Mulwray]].
* AsianSpeekeeEngrish: "Bad for glass" or "bad for grass"? Considering salt water is bad for ''both''...
* AteHisGun: In ''The Two Jakes'' a highly cathartic sequence has Jake [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N4fylYYIrUc forcing]] Detective Loach tperform fellatio on his gun, which results in Loach's PottyFailure.
* AudienceSurrogate: Jake. He appears in every scene and we learn all the various plot twists at the same time he does. Incidentally, Polanski doubled down on this. Towne originally wanted to add a POV in the Noir style, but Polanski felt it would be more interesting if we stuck entirely to his viewpoint without the audience being detached from his perspective.
* TheBadGuyWins: [[spoiler:One of cinema's most iconic and unforgettable examples. Noah Cross not only gets away with it, but the Hero is left alive, powerless and stunned, and he gets to watch the villain grab his next victim in full view and disappear, fully aware that he's so low in the totem pole that the villain doesn't even have to kill him, like he did Hollis Mulwray and others]].
* BelatedHappyEnding: [[spoiler: ''The Two Jakes'' shows Kathryn got away from Noah, probably because the latter died. At the end of ''Chinatown'', Noah Cross himself notes to Evelyn "How many years have I got left?"]].
* BerserkButton: The orange grove workers knock Jake unconscious after he calls one of them a "dumb Okie".
* BinocularShot: Jake surveys Hollis Mulwray and his "mistress" with this in the early part of the film.
* BrickJoke: The very first scene has Jake showing Curly the evidence of his wife's infidelity. Toward the end of the film, when Jake goes to Curly's house to shake off the cops, the door is answered by his wife... who [[DomesticAbuse sports a noticeable shiner]].
* CantSpitItOut: Evelyn struggles many times throughout the film to communicate some of her discomfort to Gittes but never quite gets herself to admit it fully until its too late. This is understandable on account of [[spoiler:the trauma she experienced and the social stigma of being not only a rape victim, but being raped by her rich and powerful father and fathering a child of incest, would make it difficult to confess to anyone, leave alone to Gittes, who initially came across as a snarky snooping gumshoe with a sleazy profile]].
** The first time is when she and Gittes are eating in the restaurant and Gittes flat out asks what's going on, noting that he got his nose cut and would like to know why. Gittes calls for the car and is about to leave before Evelyn yells out his name, in reflex before catching herself.
** The second time is after they have sex, where Evelyn tries to communicate some of her unease about her father only to recoil when Gittes reveals he met her without informing her, warning him that Noah Cross is a very dangerous man.
** The third time is right after Gittes tailed her to the house where [[spoiler:she keeps Katharine and Gittes confronts her about kidnapping Mulwray's "girlfriend" only for Evelyn to state that she's her sister and being disappointed when Gittes walks away again]].
* ChekhovsGun: The script is loaded with these. ''Nothing'' is superfluous in this movie.
** 'Bad for glass'. [[spoiler:The salt water is bad for the ''[[JapaneseRanguage grass]]''.]]
** [[spoiler:Evelyn]] has a flaw in her left eye. Guess where [[spoiler: Evelyn]] eventually gets shot?
** Even the seemingly insignificant touch of Evelyn accidentally setting off the car horn by resting her head on the steering wheel comes back with a vengeance at the end, when [[spoiler: Jake (and the audience) know her fate even before seeing the carnage by the continuous sound of the car horn]].
* ChekhovsGunman: Jake's client Curly in the opening scene, and the fact that he cannot afford to pay Jake for his services.
* CigaretteOfAnxiety: Mrs. Mulwray gets so nervous that she lights a cigarette while her previous one is still burning.
* CreatorCameo:
** Creator/RomanPolanski himself appears in the film as the short hoodlum with the knife who slices Jake's nose.
** C.O. Erickson, the film's executive producer, plays the banker in the barbershop who starts an argument with Jake.
* CutHimselfShaving: Jake's response when Yelburton asks what happened to his nose.
* DarkAndTroubledPast: Both Jake and Evelyn turn out to have one. [[spoiler: Evelyn was raped by her father and ran away at 15. Jake's is less elaborated upon, but his work in Chinatown prior to the start of the movie is treated as one. This is especially relevant in the scene where he remarks that Chinatown still bothers everyone who was assigned there.]]
* DeadManHonking: The film ends with Evelyn jumping in her car and trying to escape from the BigBad, her insanely evil father Noah Cross. Shots are fired, there's a sound of a crash, and the sound of a droning car horn. A dead Evelyn has collapsed on the car horn. Cue DownerEnding.
* DeadpanSnarker: Jake is master of this.
* DeliberateValuesDissonance: The characters' casual sexism/racism/antisemitism. The manager of the Vista Inn retirement home, who openly tells Gittes they won't provide any service to Jews, [[WriterOnBoard is a notable example.]]
* DespotismJustifiesTheMeans: [[spoiler: Noah Cross]] is already the richest and most powerful man in Los Angeles; he gladly admits he has no idea of how much wealth he really has except that it's over $10 million[[labelnote:*]]Equivalent to $170 million in 2017 dollars[[/labelnote]], yet goes ahead with his plan to [[spoiler: seize control of the water]] simply because it will make him ''EVEN MORE'' richer and powerful. In his own words:
--> '''Gittes:''' Why are you doing it? How much better can you eat; what can you buy that you can't already afford?
--> '''[[spoiler: Cross:]]''' The future, Mr. Gittes! The future!
* DetectivePatsy: Jake, when he works for the first "Mrs. Mulwray". [[spoiler: And pretty much every moment after.]]
* DirtyCop: Gittes strongly implies that Mulvihill was one during his time with the police. In their first scene together, Gittes mentions that when Mulvihill served (during Prohibition) "the rumrunners never lost a drop," hinting that he was on the take.
* DomesticAbuse: Curly the client who meets Gittes in the opening scene is revealed [[spoiler:to have beaten his adulterous spouse. When Gittes redirects Lopez and Escobar to his house, the door is opened by his wife who sports a prominent black eye. When Curly introduces Gittes, his wife [[NiceJobBreakingItHero sneers in anger that she knows]] exactly who he is]].
* DownerEnding: An incredibly nasty example. [[spoiler: Noah gets away with it all. Everything, from raping his daughter, to kidnapping his daughter's daughter. And Jake can do nothing about it. Keeping in mind Noah had ''raped'' his daughter, it looks bleak for his granddaughter/daughter Katherine. She gets away from him, as noted in ''The Two Jakes'' but it's implied that Noah Cross never faced justice and that Katherine is still haunted and traumatized by her past and Jake himself never got over that failure]].
* DownLADrain: The plot revolves around the LA water system. The concrete structures are featured.
* EurekaMoment: [[spoiler: The salt water pond]] is what is 'bad for glass.'
* EverybodySmokes: Appropriate for the period. Lampshaded when Jake asks the coroner, Morty, how he's doing, to which Morty complains of a cough - puffing away all the while, [[HistoricalInJoke blissfully unaware of things like emphysema or lung cancer]].
* EvilSoundsDeep: [[spoiler:Just ''listen'' to Creator/JohnHuston's voice.]] Screenwriter Robert Towne once expressed that [[spoiler:Huston]] was the second best-cast actor in the film, next to Creator/JackNicholson. [[spoiler:Huston]]'s performance, he claimed, elevated [[spoiler:Cross]] above the portrayal in the script and made him truly memorable.
* EyeScream: [[spoiler:Evelyn ends up getting fatally shot through the eye at the end. It was her "flawed" eye.]]
* ExtremelyShortTimespan: The bulk of the action takes place over three really long days, starting from Evelyn's visit to Gittes' office where she officially hires him, and proceeding from there.
* FailureKnight:
** Jake is quite smart, basically competent and if he were handling a simple case or a simpler situation than he might have succeeded, but in the end [[spoiler:he confronts forces of commerce, economics and political corruption bigger than he can comprehend or do anything about and just doesn't quite let go]].
** Incidentally, there's also the question of whether Jake's "successes" are a good thing. In the first scene he provides photographs of a client's wife committing adultery in the park and consoling the husband. Later Jake [[spoiler:seeks out his house as a way to get past Cross' goons and he sees the wife with a visible black eye, implying that his regular joke of taking photographs of cheating couples is not quite as decent he thinks it is]].
* FauxAffablyEvil: This is the facade that [[spoiler:Noah Cross]] hides behind. Beneath, [[spoiler:Cross]] is a living example of what a man is capable of doing if he had no moral scruples and no law to stop him.
-->[[spoiler:'''Cross:''']] See, Mr. Gittes, most people never have to face the fact that, at the right time, and the right place, they're capable of ANYTHING.
* FemmeFatale:
** Everyone thinks Evelyn Mulwray is one of these. [[spoiler:[[SubvertedTrope She is the exact opposite]]]].
** Played absolutely straight by Lillian Bodine [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_7Y_OCGOKTk in the sequel]].
* FilmNoir: The film goes out of its way to subvert almost all the core tropes of the genre. Gittes isn't a tough, emotionally detached private eye, but rather a vulnerable, flawed AntiHero. Evelyn ''isn't'' a FemmeFatale, but everyone assumes she is (in part because of the misogynistic value system underpinning 1930s California). And the villain is so rich, powerful and influential that Gittes is ultimately powerless to stop him or his conspiracy. And so on.
* {{Foreshadowing}}: Right after Gittes gets his nose sliced (by a character played by Creator/RomanPolanski), he talks about suing the people responsible for the shenanigans. His assistants snark that the people he's after would have the judge in their pocket....
** Much is made of the flaw in Evelyn's eye. [[spoiler: Guess where she gets shot in the end?]]
** When Gittes asks Evelyn what the "C" monogram on a certain document stands for, she briefly chokes on the name before she says "Cross" and throughout their interactions struggles to talk about her father, [[spoiler:indicating the abuse she experienced and still experiences as a result of her rape]].
** Most famously...Evelyn's head hitting her car horn.
** Gittes: [[spoiler:I forgot my glasses. I'd like to be able to read across.]]
* FriendOnTheForce: Escobar, to a point.
* GratuitousFrench: When Jake is in bed with Evelyn and speaks about his bad memories of Chinatown.
-->'''Evelyn:''' ''Cherchez la femme''.\\
'''Jake:''' (''looks back in blank incomprehension'')\\
'''Evelyn:''' Was there a woman involved?\\
'''Jake:''' Of course.
** And earlier, when Jake tells Evelyn, "I'm in matrimonial work. It's my ''métier''."
* GenreDeconstruction: It started out as a GenreThrowback to FilmNoir but it ended up becoming this instead, taking full advantage of the end of UsefulNotes/TheHaysCode to put on-screen the stuff the classic noir stories merely hinted at:
** Nicholson's Gittes is very much imagined as the tough-guy detective archetype perfected by Creator/HumphreyBogart but unlike the gunsels and low-rent tough guys Bogart fought against, Gittes fights state and corporate villainy and only barely understands the scheme of which he is so low and unimportant that [[spoiler:it literally does not matter to the bad guys that he knows the truth or not, they know that he can do nothing and that he won't do anything to stop them. In the end he gets a powerful reality check and reveals that under that facade of a tough HardboiledDetective is a vulnerable, lonely and embittered man. Likewise, the misogynistic assumptions about FemmeFatale and bad girls in the classic noir are turned on its head, when its those same assumptions that leads Gittes to unwittingly cause Evelyn's death]]. Also Jake acts like a snarky wisecracker who always gets the last word in, but the film shows that his mouth keeps getting him into trouble, as he repeatedly irritates and insults his colleagues and associates, and gets punched out once.
** As per Robert Towne, the film is a more accurate portrayal of the PrivateDetective archetype than seen in the works of Creator/RaymondChandler. Where the likes of Philip Marlowe are noble "tarnished knights" or KnightInSourArmor, J. J. Gittes does actual Private Detective work. That is, taking seedy and sleazy pictures of adulterous spouses for suspicious clients, illegal surveillance and voyeurism, and generally living a very well-heeled existence. Gittes defends his line of work by pointing out that the police are equally sleazy and corrupt while [[AtLeastIAdmitIt he is honest]]. But the film casts doubt on this. For instance, the client at the start of the film, on finding out that his wife cheated on him [[spoiler:is shown to later beat his wife, giving us some sense of why his wife cheated on him to start with, and making us understand that it's unlikely any of Gittes' work is truly innocent or qualifies as "honest living" as he insists at the start]].
** Moreover, noir stories often had the hero get entangled in stories and have the detective try and solve the mystery to unearth a conspiracy. In this film, the detective is himself an UnwittingPawn to the real conspiracy and [[spoiler:had he done "As little as possible", the heroine could perhaps have lived and made it across the border anyway]].
** Evelyn Mulwray is likewise an attack on the concept of the FemmeFatale. A beautiful elegant woman who is cold and aloof in public is obviously some villainous slutty vamp rather [[spoiler:than a deeply vulnerable victim of abuse trying to hide her suffering from a uncaring world and society. Evelyn literally has no one to turn to in the patriarchal America of her time, and the great effort that she does to help her and her daughter/sister comes undone precisely because of the misogynistic assumptions that even the hero Jake Gittes' shares and upholds]].
** The film likewise underscores the racism, sexism and classism that a period FilmNoir usually leaves out. As bad as the BigBad is, the world around him is hardly better, with the upper-crust being anti-semites, Gittes' lower-class clients being wife-beaters and basically giving a sense how genuinely a CityNoir setting really is a CrapsackWorld and subverting the {{Retraux}} nostalgic appeal noir fashions usually attract.
* GuileHero: While "hero" might be something of a stretch, the fact is that Jake is VERY good at making people slip up so he can wring info out of them, and has so many tricks up his sleeve he'd do Franchise/{{Batman}} proud.
* HardboiledDetective: Jake, or at least he tries to put on an act like this to hide the fact that he's very vulnerable, lonely and bitter, and he tries to hide [[spoiler:how truly powerless he feels, which he finally confronts at the end]]. Indeed, Gittes' insistence on putting on that macho, wiseacre, personality [[RealityEnsues probably made himself harder to trust]] and take seriously by both Evelyn and the police.
* HeroicBSOD: Jake has one of the more famous ones in cinematic history [[spoiler: after Evelyn is killed.]]
* IgnoredEpiphany: Jake Gittes voices the saying in Chinatown to Evelyn "Do as little as possible" and earlier likewise tells his client to not seek the truth and "let sleeping dogs lie". Yet throughout the film he doesn't follow his own advice, pursuing the Hollis Mulwray murder mystery even when there's no legal or professional or personal reason for him to do so that causes problems. He's obsessed with finding out the truth like all private detective archetypes and in the end [[spoiler:after he finds out he can't do nothing about it]].
* ItsPronouncedTroPAY: Noah constantly mispronounces Jake's last name as "Gits".[[note]]For those who haven't seen the movie, it's supposed to be pronounced "Git-eez"[[/note]]
* KarmaHoudini: [[spoiler:Part of the Downer Ending is that Noah Cross gets away scot-free for his crimes, and even takes Katherine, his daughter/granddaughter, away at the end. It's implied that he'll go on to molest her the same way he did his daughter.]]
* MeaningfulName:
** "'''Holl'''is '''Mul'''wray" is derived from William '''Mulholl'''and, the name of one of the men involved in the real events which the film fictionalizes (see VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory) and who also gave his name to [[MulhollandDrive a famous road in California]].
** [[spoiler:''Noah'' Cross, who is trying to gain control of all the water in Los Angeles. Noah Cross' original name in the script was Julian, so someone on the team probably decided to change the name sometime during production in realization.]]
** The coroner's name is Morty (''Mort'' is French for "dead").
* MetaCasting: John Huston, the director of many of the FilmNoir classics, [[spoiler:in the role of the villain]].
* MissingWhiteWomanSyndrome: At the beginning of the film, farmers are campaigning for the construction of a new dam which will allow for better irrigation. Hollis explains that the proposed site for the new dam has a shale base, as did the previous dam in the area, which collapsed and killed five hundred people. In a line of dialogue [[AllThereInTheScript present in the screenplay but not the film itself]], Escobar explains that the reason this collapse and all the deaths it caused didn't get sufficient publicity was because most of the people killed were Mexican immigrants.
* MoeGreeneSpecial: [[spoiler:Evelyn's death. Although the shot enters her skull from the back.]]
* MyGreatestFailure: The driving force behind Gittes' involvement in ''The Two Jakes'' is [[spoiler: the death of Evelyn and the unknown fate of Kathyrn]].
* NeverMyFault: Noah Cross on being confronted by Gittes [[spoiler:about whether he takes responsibility for raping Evelyn, mutters that he prefers not to blame himself, feeling that what he did was right to any man of his power and stature. This is patently not true as Evelyn says that Hollis Mulwray, who was the same class and stature as Cross, was a decent man. But for a man like Cross, morality is an option and not an obligation]].
* NiceJobBreakingItHero:
** [[spoiler:Gittes gives Cross the only piece of evidence capable of proving him guilty of murdering Hollis Mulwray.]] Whoops.
** [[spoiler:Calling the cops on Evelyn under the erroneous belief that she's the culprit]].
* NoWomansLand: Basically none of the women on-screen have it good for them. [[spoiler:The Fake Mrs. Mulwray, the actress Ida Sessions, gets whacked to tie up loose ends. Evelyn Mulwray dies ignominiously like a criminal, her daughter/sister Katharine enters Noah Cross' clutches, very likely being raped in turn. Even Curly's wife, the woman who was caught cheating by Jakes at the start of the film, is revealed to sport a very new and fresh-looking black-eye, hinting that Jake's investigation condemned her to a life of DomesticAbuse, and she has nothing but contempt for the "hero"]].
* NoodleIncident: We never do find out exactly what happened in Chinatown when Jake was working there. All we know is that there was a girl, he tried to get involved and ended up making things worse.
* NotWhatItLooksLike: Gittes repeatedly faces this problem. He judges events that on the basis of what he sees, looks reasonable, but actually turns out to be something entirely different. In his investigations tailing Hollis Mulwray and his "girlfriend", he assumes that it's and older man with his mistress [[spoiler:when in fact it's a young girl with her surrogate father]]. He later sees Evelyn at home putting [[spoiler:Katharine to bed with some medicine, and assumes that Evelyn is holding her hostage and kidnapped her, when in fact she's a mother concerned over her troubled daughter]].
* ObstructiveBureaucrat: The irritating clerk at the Hall of Records seems to be doing everything he can to be as unhelpful as humanly possible. [[spoiler:It's generally implied that he's doing so because he knows the truth or at least has some hint about the water rights corruption and wants to discourage Jake]].
* ParentalIncest: [[spoiler:It's revealed that Noah Cross raped Evelyn Mulwray, his daughter, and Katherine is the result of this. Towne said it was a metaphor for Los Angeles' corruption at the time. "Incest and water".]]
* PoliceAreUseless: They are powerless to stop [[spoiler:Noah Cross's plot, in part because according to Evelyn he ''owns'' the police.]]
* PoorCommunicationKills: Much of the film's plot and machinations and the tragedy happen because characters, for a variety of believable reasons, don't trust each other or they make wrong assumptions. [[spoiler:It's notable that Evelyn finally gets killed by Escobar and Lopez, Gittes' FriendOnTheForce and not Cross. The way the finale plays out, with Evelyn firing on Cross and hitting his shoulder, and then absconding with Katharine, makes her look bad which leads the police to shoot at her instead]].
* RapeAsDrama: [[spoiler:How Katherine was conceived. Cross doesn't see it as rape or believe he did anything wrong of course.]]
* RedHerring: [[spoiler:Hollis not wearing his glasses when his body is recovered. Gittes finds a pair of glasses and assumes they belong to him, when in fact they belong to his killer.]]
* {{Retraux}}:
** The sepia-toned opening titles, complete with 4:3 aspect ratio, vintage Paramount logo, and old-fashioned scrolling credits.
** The first shot of the film is a closeup of a series of black-and-white photographs (albeit far more sexually explicit than anything shown in the Old Hollywood), and then the camera pulls back to reveal cinematographer John Alonzo's lush amber period glow that looks a bit like Technicolor but is much richer.
* TheReveal[=/=]WhamLine: Katherine turns out to be [[spoiler: Mrs. Mulwray's sister ''AND'' [[FamilyRelationshipSwitcheroo her daughter]], her ChildByRape from her evil father]].
* ShoutOut:
** The casting of Creator/JohnHuston, the director of many of the great, early noirs including ''Film/TheMalteseFalcon'' and ''Film/KeyLargo'', as Noah Cross.
** The scene in which Gittes repeatedly slaps Evelyn to try and get her to fess up recalls a similar scene in ''Film/TheMalteseFalcon''.
** Polanski's cameo as the "Man with a Knife" is often seen as a reference to his first film, ''Film/KnifeInTheWater''.
* SmallRoleBigImpact: The "Man with a Knife" (played by the film's director) only appears in one scene with only one line of dialogue (he barely appears later in the background of a sequence), but also sports one of the most memorable lines and is memorably creepy and jumpy, as well as [[spoiler: scarring Jake's face for the remainder of the film]]. His role is even more memorable as one of the two roles by famous and influential film directors.
* SmokingHotSex: Between [[spoiler:Gittes and Evelyn.]]
* StealthPun: After following Mr. Mulwray to a series of reservoirs one of Jake's employees comments that he has "water on the brain", meaning literally he's thinking about water but which is also an antiquated name for hydrocephalus, a condition in children that can cause retardation. Jake smiles in response but the pun is never acknowledged in dialog.
* StoppedClock: Jake places a watch under the car of the person he's tailing. That way he can know at what time he left by the time the watch was run over.
* SunshineNoir: The beautiful, golden cinematography of the city and its environs contrasts greatly with what actually goes on inside it. Nonetheless many scenes in the middle, and key moments take place at night. Namely when Jake gets his nose cut, when he and Evelyn are on the trail of the mystery and [[spoiler:the ending where Evelyn dies]].
* TitleDrop: Probably one of the most famous examples: "Forget it, Jake--it's ''Chinatown''...."
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: The city of Los Angeles [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_Water_Wars#Los_Angeles_Aqueduct:_the_beginning_of_the_water_wars really did]] steal water from valley farmers. Interestingly, this was neither the first nor the last time the events in question were fictionalized, merely the most well-known. The catastrophic dam collapse referenced by Hollis Mulwray at the city council meeting was likely inspired by the real-life failure of the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Francis_Dam St. Francis Dam]] in 1928, which killed over 400 people.
* VillainousIncest: One of several things that really helps to cement [[spoiler:Noah Cross]] as a thoroughly nasty villain.
* VisionaryVillain: [[spoiler:Noah Cross.]] See AndThenWhat, above.
* WhamLine: Has two, which are about five minutes apart.
** "Oh yes, bad for glass. [[spoiler: Salt water vely bed for glass.]]"
** "She's my daughter! She's my sister! She's my daughter! My sister! My daughter! [[spoiler: She's my sister AND my daughter!]]"
** In ''The Two Jakes'', [[spoiler: Kathyrn Mulwray's]] name being mentioned on a recording.
* WouldHitAGirl: Jake slaps Evelyn repeatedly to get the truth out of her. When he comes to call in a favour from a man that hired him to find out if his wife was cheating on him, the wife opens the door sporting a huge black eye. In keeping with the DeliberateValuesDissonance, neither of these instances spark much outrage in-universe.
* WretchedHive: From the way Jake reminisces about his days there and the events by the film's end, you can tell Chinatown was one of these.
* WriterOnBoard: The reason for Gittes' totally-out-of-left-field question ("Do you accept those of the Jewish persuasion?") and the ensuing DeliberateValuesDissonance at the upper-class retirement home. Although it would also give him an excuse to look at the records of the place, and it does get across how slimy the American upper crust at the time was.
* YourCheatingHeart: Gittes specializes in "matrimonial work" resulting from this, which is how he gets involved with the Mulwrays to begin with.
* YourMom: Gittes uses the wife variation to insult a cop:
-->'''Loach''': What happened to your nose, Gittes? [[ChivalrousPervert Somebody slammed a bedroom window on it?]]
-->'''Jake''': Nope. Your wife got excited. She crossed her legs a little too quick, [[LampshadedDoubleEntendre you understand what I mean]], pal?.
----