Cast Away is a 2000 film directed by Robert Zemeckis, written by William Broyles Jr. and starring Tom Hanks.Chuck Noland has everything: success in a high-pressure, high-paying job with FedEx, close friends, and a woman who loves him. The only thing he doesn't have enough of... is time. This changes when he is in a plane crash and, finding himself the sole survivor, washes up on an uninhabited tropical island where he has to figure out how to survive. Now Chuck has all the time he could ever want... and nothing else but his own wits and his two hands.In many ways, it's like a modern day Robinson Crusoe. The film was a massive commercial and critical success, with Hanks being praised (and eventually nominated for the Best Actor Oscar) for his performance, which required him to undergo a drastic physical transformation and spend the majority of the film alone on screen.
It's an interesting bit of trivia that according to the commentary that the scene was the part of the movie that confused watchers between the ages of 14 and 20 in the test audience. They were either too accustomed to the idea of the protagonist getting the girl in the end or weren't yet emotionally ready to grasp the sheer complexity of adult relationships.
Book Ends: The movie begins and ends at the same rural crossroads in Texas, near the ranch that the "winged package" came from.
Brick Joke: At the start of the movie the female welder sends a FedEx package to her husband in Moscow, who we see is cheating with a young Russian girl. At the end of the movie his name has been cut away from the sign above the entrance to her house.
California Doubling : The movie was filmed on one of the small uninhabited islands belonging to Fiji, even though the movie's island is supposed to lie somewhere south of the Cook islands (which are very close to Fiji).
Chekhov's Armoury: After a while, Chuck opens the Fed Ex boxes that washed ashore with him, and the contents appear to be comically useless for his situation: video tapes, a volleyball, ice-skates and such. He finds a use for all of them, especially the volleyball.
In an interesting case, the writers chose these items by drawing them from dozens of others out of a hat, then asking survival experts how they could be used.
Chuck's offhand comment early in the movie about needing to go to the dentist? Yes, that will be important later.
Chekhov's Gunman: The female welder who sends one of the packages counts as well, as Chuck runs into her during the finale scene.
Chekhov's Hobby, a very subtle one: Right before the family diner scene, the audience briefly sees Chuck's sailing certification and sailing awards. No wonder then that he finds the right solution to overcome the powerful wave that prevented him from leaving the island and manages to do it when the weather conditions are optimal.
Clock King: Chuck Noland starts out as this, a Fed Ex "efficiency expert." Then he's marooned on an island where he literally has nothing but time to spare.
Noland: Nicholai! Ticktockticktockticktock!
Companion Cube: Wilson the volleyball, whom Chuck talks to in order to keep from going insane due to loneliness.
Destroy The Product Placement: This film features a Fed-Ex cargo plane crashing in the Pacific ocean. Notably, the Fed-Ex execs were freaked out at possible damage to the brand name, but the film's success ensured increased brand awareness in Europe and Asia.
Deus ex Machina: While Noland survives on the island - and ultimately gets off of it - by his own wits and creative scavenging skills, he's just short of dying at sea when a container ship passes close to his position. Massive as the ship was, by all rights it should never have spotted a lone man on a tiny raft, but it happened to have crewman on deck when it passed by...
Driven to Suicide: It's gradually revealed that Chuck came very close to taking his own life. Good thing he did a "dry run" first with a dummy, or else he would've just broken his legs and died of exposure or dehydration.
Chuck Noland: So... I made a rope and I went up to the summit, to hang myself. I had to test it, you know? Of course. You know me. And the weight of the log, snapped the limb of the tree, so I-I-I couldn't even kill myself the way I wanted to.
Expository Hairstyle Change: By this time, Wilson is Chuck's BFF and has his own "hair," while Chuck's has gone almost completely blond from bleaching in the sun.
Fainting: After Chuck removes his own tooth. With an ice skate and a rock. Also, Kelly, when she hears the news of Chuck's survival and rescue over the phone.
Fatal Family Photo: Subverted, as Chuck doesn't find the photo of the dead pilot's family until after he washes up.
Flying Dutchman: Chuck is left without a place in the modern world after finally escaping from the island after five years of solitude.
That said, he'd obviously become a massive celebrity, and likely a bestselling autobiographical author and sought-after motivational speaker.
Gallows Humor: With a rotten tooth Chuck mentions to Wilson, a volleyball, that his dentist back home was named Dr. Spalding. The joke gets an Ironic Echo later, but when we hear the name again after the man who married Kelly identifies himself as an acquaintance of Spaulding, suffice to say, the joke is a lot less funny.
Genre Savvy: He's well aware that fictional portrayals of being on a desert island aren't realistic, and have left him unprepared.
"Gotta love crab. In the nick of time too. I couldn't take much more of those coconuts. Coconut milk is a natural laxative. That's something Gilligan never told us."
Ironic Hell: A subtle example. As explained in the introduction, the first act of the film establishes that, as a dedicated Fed Ex employee, Chuck is completely obsessed with punctuality and time, though it's suggested that he actually enjoys this. After he's marooned on the island, he has nothing but time.
Irony: Plenty of this when Noland returns to the abundant world of civilization. His 'welcome back' dinner consists mostly of seafood. His Swiss Army knife is attached to the keys he left with Helen. And light and fire is now available at the click of a switch.
I Want My Beloved to Be Happy: Chuck can't quite bring himself to come between Kelly and her new husband, although how happy this will actually make her in the long run is open to possibility.
Kilroy Was Here: See the page illustration above. Chuck leaves a message on a rock before sailing away, as a record for someone to find if he dies at sea.
Large Ham: Chuck - after living several years in the savage jungle everyone would become this.
Although it's averted to show the passage of time; after four years on the island Chuck is shown to exist like an animal, with no unnecessary speech or movement to waste energy. After a long period with no dialogue, he's eventually shown arguing with his Companion Cube.
Legally Dead: Chuck finds himself in this state after being stuck on the island for over four years.
Loners Are Freaks: What Chuck becomes, although he at least seems to regain his sanity once he makes it back to civilization.
Lampshaded in a Super Bowl commercial for FedEx that year which had his character delivering the package to find that indeed, it had the waterproof satellite phone, GPS unit, seeds, a complete tool set...
...and a rather touching note. Too bad about the Brick Joke.
You said our life was a prison. Dull. Boring. Empty. I can't begin to tell you how much that hurt. I don't want to lose you. I'm enclosing some salsa, the verde you like. Use it on your sticky rice and think of home. Then come home— to me. We'll find the spice in our lives again. Together. I love you. Always. Bettina.
MacGyvering: How Chuck survives using various Fed Ex boxes full of apparently useless crap. Some notable examples include using the taffeta from a party dress to make a fishing net, weaving videotape together to make rope, and making an axe out of an ice skate attached to a stick.
Meaningful Name: The shortened form of Chuck Noland's name is C. Noland: See No Land.
Mr. Exposition: A different take on this trope; Wilson serves as a means by which Tom Hanks' character can explain things to the audience.
Music Video Syndrome: Rejected. While Tom Hanks's character is stranded on the desert island (the bulk of the movie), there is no background music at all.
Possible Fridge Brilliance, since it really hits home the fact that a deserted island is both much quieter and much noisier than your average city.
Product Placement: The best kind of product placement - neither firm paid a dime, but the movie is one great big commercial for Fed Ex, and Wilson the volleyball is one for the company of the same name. The latter came about as the result of a Wilson ball washing up on shore in Real Life when the screenwriter was doing survival training as researching for the film.
Say My Name: "WIIILLLLLLSOOOOOONNNNNNN! I'm sorry, Wilson!" If you ever want to figure out how good an actor Tom Hanks is, forget those two Oscars he won. Only Tom Hanks can yell that line, believably, at a volleyball, and not make it sound stupid.
Scenery Porn: But totally necessary, so we the audience know just how alone and isolated Chuck Noland really is when he's on that island.
Shown Their Work: The portrayal of the island as a vaguely primordial ecosystem (very little wildlife, only a few dominant species of plants) that can barely even support a small human population is fully in line with what such small Polynesian islands look like. It was shot on one of the more remote islands of Fiji (geographic border of Melanesia/Polynesia) and it shows.
The Tooth Hurts: Chuck already has a bit of a toothache before he gets stranded on the island, but it only gets worse once he's there, forcing him to remove the rotten tooth. With an ice skate and a rock. Feel free to faint now.
Even more frustatingly, Zemeckis openly admits to spoiling his films in trailers on purpose, saying that marketing shows that audiences want to know what EXACTLY what they're going to. Thus, most of the suspense of the film is sapped upon seeing said trailer.
The Unreveal: We never find out what's in the last FedEx box. Hell, we never even find out why he didn't open it. (See MacGuffin, above.)
One popular theory is that the wings on the package were a symbol of hope for Chuck.
Another is that he left one package unopened to keep himself grounded and not lose hope of ever making it back to civilization. "Isolated, in survival mode or not, I'm still a civilized human being. Someday I will deliver this package, dammit!"