Disney: The Tortoise and the Hare
The Tortoise and the Hare is a 1935 Silly Symphonies short, 49th in that series, and is a milestone short in the Classic Disney Shorts lineup.The story is a basic adaptation of Aesop's classic fable, centered around the cocky speedster Max Hare, competing with the friendly but slow-witted Toby Tortoise. However, what sets this short apart is not its bare-bone story, but rather what it introduced into cartoons. The characters, while simplistic and one-dimensional, were a fairly good advancement as far as characterization went for Disney shorts of the time period. Another important aspect the short helped pioneer was the use of faster speed in cartoons, setting an example that would be copied by the Looney Tunes studio in some of their own cartoons. Another thing this short is notable for is Max Hare being the inspiration for the character of Bugs Bunny, as claimed by Tex Avery.The short was a hit when it was released, earning the 1935 Academy Award for cartoon short subjects. The short was popular enough to receive a follow-up in 1936, Toby Tortoise Returns, featuring a rematch between Max and Toby, but with a boxing match rather than a race. The short is particularly interesting in that it features not only an original story not based on a previous fable or myth, it was Disney's most cartoony short ever done since the earliest days of Mickey Mouse, with lots of strong exaggeration, cartoony gags and a non-sentimental tone that make it feel like a proto-Looney Tunes short—quite ironic when one realizes the Looney Tunes were only mildly cartoony during that time, instead trying to fruitlessly ape Disney's traditional short cartoons in terms of pathos and storytelling. "Returns" was also notable for being the first major animation assignment of Ward Kimball, one of Disney's Nine Old Men and noted for being Disney's most cartoony director, which is probably why this short turned out so different from a typical Disney cartoon.Curiously, a similar cartoon would be made to this in 1938 by Looney Tunes director Bob Clampett, a short cartoon called "Porky & Daffy", which also features a boxing match and decidedly cartoony gags. Perhaps the short was, shall we say, an "inspiration" for Mr. Clampett?
Tropes Both Shorts Contain:
- Adorkable: Toby Tortoise.
- Allegory: The true message of the short could be seen as this: Don't get overconfident because it can lead to underestimating your opponent, which can be the biggest mistake anyone can make in a competition.
- An Aesop: He who takes his time will get there in the end.
- Animation Bump: The original cartoon isn't badly animated, but it looks pretty shabby when you compare it to "Toby Tortoise Returns".
- Annoying Laugh: Max Hare. "Haha haha hahaaaaa...."
- Breaking the Fourth Wall: When Toby comes across Max sleeping, he turns to the audience, and shushes them.
- The Cameo:
- The bunny girls that swoon over Max make a blink and you'll miss it cameo in Who Framed Roger Rabbit.
- Many other Silly Symphonies characters appear in the sequel short, including Jenny Wren from "Who Killed Cock Robin?" and Practical Pig from "Three Little Pigs".
- When Jenny arrives, she steals the heart of everyone in the audience, among them Horace Horsecollar, Goofy and Donald Duck.
- Captain Ersatz: As noted above, Bugs Bunny is essentially a more fleshed out interpretation of Max Hare.
- Curb-Stomp Battle: Toby is utterly hopeless against beating Max in "Returns", until Max stuffs fireworks and firecrackers into his shell, which upon lighting send Toby flying, finally allowing him to (inadvertedly) get the upper hand.
- Curbstomp Cushion: This is provoked by Toby hiding inside his shell, which Max is unable to penetrate (he gets a mouse trap to the hand when he tries to pull Toby out).
- Double Entendre: Delivered by Mae West ersatz Jenny Wren to Toby when he is knocked out of the ring and needs some motivation."I like a man that takes his time..."
- Good Is Dumb: Toby Tortoise.
- Hammer Space: Toby's small shell is capable of holding lots of firecrackers, a mouse-trap, a fair amount of water, and a diving helmet!
- Jerk Ass: Max Hare
- Mickey Mousing: At some parts of "Toby Tortoise Returns".
- No Celebrities Were Harmed: Max Hare is based on boxer Max Baer.
- Something Completely Different: Toby Tortoise Returns, of course.
- Small Name, Big Ego: In both shorts, Max' biggest undoing is less Toby himself and more his extreme overconfidence. He actually has to give Toby an opening several times over for him to finally lose the upper hand.
- Smelly Skunk: Appears as a gag in the first short.
- Super Speed: A trait of Max Hare. His speed is fast enough to where the wind from it can completely uproot a tree!
- Turtle Power: Ol' Toby Tortoise.
- Wheel o' Feet: A proto-example is done by Max Hare.
- Zany Cartoon: "Toby Tortoise Returns", a rarity for Disney cartoons in general.
Alternative Title(s):Toby Tortoise Returns, The Tortoise And The Hare
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