Released in 1940, Pinocchio is the 2nd film in the Disney Animated Canon, based very loosely on The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi.The woodworker Geppetto creates a puppet, which he names Pinocchio. Before going to bed, he notices a shooting star and makes a wish on it that Pinocchio would become a real boy. The Blue Fairy hears his wish and brings Pinocchio to life. She promises him that he will become a real boy if he can prove himself honest, brave and unselfish, and she assigns Jiminy Cricket to be his guiding conscience in the meantime.The opening song "When You Wish Upon a Star" is one of the most well-known and beloved songs of any Disney movie, and has since become the theme song for the Disney Theme Parks. And a short remix of which is used for Disney's Vanity Plate (You know, the one with the castle) ever since.There is an unofficial sequel titled Pinocchio and the Emperor of the Night. In The Nineties, Disney created a Made-for-TV Movie musical, Geppetto, that switched the P.O.V. character to that of the toymaker and focused on his Character Development as he learns how to be a good father. Featuring songs from the original alongside new Stephen Schwartz numbers, it was adapted for the amateur theater circuit as My Son Pinocchio in The New Tens.
Pinocchio is just full of this in general. He shows it off in the Stromboli performance.
Adaptation Distillation: Even Carlo Collodi, author of the original story, thought his work was a mess that dragged out FAR more than intended due to Executive Meddling. Many agree that the Disney version is noticeably better in terms of storytelling.
Adaptation Dye-Job: The Blue Fairy had her hair changed from blue to blond, and changed her eyes to blue. Instead, her dress is blue.
Adaptation Expansion: In the original story, Jiminy Cricket was a minor character and was never even given a proper name, being referred to simply as the "talking cricket". He has since become something of the anthropomorphic (well, cricket-morphic) personification of conscience.
Adjective Animal Alehouse: The Red Lobster Inn, which is where the Coachman tends to hang out whenever he's not kidnapping boys, taking them to Pleasure Island, turning them into donkeys and shipping them to either the salt mines or the circus.
Where young boys were turned into donkeys, shipped off and forced into labor, the parents not knowing what happened to their sons and if they did find them, they wouldn't have recognized their own kid, seeing how they are now stuck as donkeys.
And a subtler example from the same includes the moment when Geppetto puts on his coat to go out in the pouring rain to look for Pinocchio who never returned home from school. Hearing the agony in his voice as he paces around his kitchen is enough to make parents whose children like to play hide-and-seek in department store racks flashback a little.
Geppetto: What could have happened to him? Where could he be at this hour? I better go out again and look for him...
Aesop Collateral Damage: When Pinocchio plays hooky and ends up on Pleasure Island, Geppetto gets trapped inside Monstro the whale so his adopted son can learn the lesson about being a good boy.
All Men Are Perverts: Jiminy Cricket goes from angrily not watching Pinocchio's show to excitedly watching it with eyeglasses on when he sees the French girl puppets doing the kick dance.
An Aesop: Pleasure Island is meant to be this, especially in the original Collodi novel. If you actively avoid school and bettering your education, you'll end up ignorant (donkey = the famous donkey-eared cap used in late 1800s schools to humiliate dumb students) and won't go far in life, having to do grunt work in order to make a (meager) living. Some Anvils Needed to Be Dropped in the book, as when it was published the percentage of analphabets was really high.
Jiminy Cricket doesn't resemble an actual cricket at all. To be fair, however, Jiminy was originally depicted as an actual (that is, less anthropomorphized) cricket with toothed legs and waving antennae. But Walt wanted something more likable. So he assigned animator Ward Kimball to redesign the cricket. Kimball whittled away at any and all cricket-like appendages until Jiminy became, in Kimball's words, "a little man with an egg head and no ears. And the only thing that makes him a cricket is because we call him one."
Monstro the whale resembles a sperm whale, but has teeth on both jaws, when real sperm whale only have teeth on their lower jaw. It is also seen sleeping at the bottom of the ocean. Whales don't sleep that way, or else they would drown.
Ascended Extra: Jiminy Cricket in the original story, he was a nameless cricket who was squashed by the title character early on and appeared later as a ghost. In the Disney version, he was given the name Jiminy Cricket and promoted to narrator. Not only did he practically steal the movie away from its title character, but he's gone on to host/narrate other Disney films, short subjects, and theme park shows. He's also a notable character in several of the Kingdom Hearts games.
Demoted to Extra: Conversely, the Blue Fairy had a much bigger role, being a mother figure and fulfilling the role of his conscience. In almost every adaptation, most of her actions are done by the cricket character. Another adaptation didn't even have the Blue Fairy, the cricket almost completely taking her place.
Big "Shut Up!": Jiminy Cricket can't sleep because of all the ticking clocks in Geppetto's shop, so he yells "QUIET!" They all stop.
Also used by Stromboli after he imprisons Pinocchio in the cage and Pinocchio cries out to be let out.
Stromboli: QUIET! SHUT UP! Before I knock-a you silly!
Bittersweet Ending: Pinocchio gets reunited with Geppetto and becomes a real boy, but the Coachman is never punished. And those hundreds of innocent children who were taken from their families, turned into donkeys, and sold into slavery? They're still donkeys. No one comes to their rescue.
Honest John and Gideon are also never seen after selling Pinocchio to the Coachman. So as far as the viewer knows, they'll continue to profit off of swindling people and bringing others misery for profit.
Stromboli rides away in his wagon (with all the profits Pinocchio made him) to "terrify and tyrannize any hapless marionette that comes his way".
Book Ends: The movie both starts and ends with Pinocchio and Geppetto dancing, although the first time Pinocchio's still an inanimate puppet, and the last time he's a real boy. Jiminy Cricket even lampshades it by saying, "Hey, this is about where I came in!"
Cats Are Mean: Gideon, Honest John's feline stooge. At least once, he tries to hit Pinocchio on the head with a mallet, only to be stopped by the fox.
Figaro, however, averts this. On the contrary, he is actually tormented by Geppetto when he uses the not-yet-brought-to-life Pinocchio to kick the cat and to scare him.
Carnivore Confusion: When waiting for Pinocchio to come back for dinner, Figaro the pet cat is chastised by the goldfish, Cleo, to not eat his dinner just yet, as they are to wait Pinocchio. Said dinner is a fish.
If you really think about it, it's not so bad, as they don't eat goldfish. Cleo logically has no more reason to be upset about them eating fish than we would have about someone eating mammals.
Constantly Curious: Pinocchio is full of questions. Although, when he doesn't know what school is, let alone what other children are, one would think one would question his ability to get to school all by himself.
Actually, he just gets kicked by one of his donkey victims into the ocean, there's no indication he drowned. Then again, it's only a video game based on the cartoon, not canon.
Digital Destruction: The 1992 restoration shifted the color scheme too closely to red tones.note Unlike most instances of "restored" Disney movies boasting different color schemes than on an older video release, Disney has confirmed that this deviated too strongly from the movie's original appearance, due to the restoration team using a print generations removed from the original negative.
Disney Death: Pinocchio loses consciousness rescuing Geppetto from Monstro the whale. However, by proving himself in doing so, the Blue Fairy finally makes him a real boy, also bringing him back to life.
Disneyfication: The original book was more grim (and considering how nightmarish this movie can get, that's saying something!) Pinocchio is constantly a little jerk, and the very first appearance of the Fairy is ghastly. The Cat and the Fox (Gideon and Honest John) try to steal money from Pinocchio disguised as street bandits and later hanged Pinocchio from a big tree. When the Cricket first appears, Pinocchio kills it with a hammer (then we see it again like a ghost and again alive in the house of the Fairy). Oh, and Pinocchio bites off the Cat's paw.
The original Geppetto was a very, very poor carpenter in Tuscany and not a Tyrol carpenter. People in real Tyrol mostly don't have Italian names. He was also a bit more temperamental.
Candlewick's death at the end of the novel from overwork was pretty gut wrenching.
Values Dissonance. Contemporary audiences would've instantly recognised the latter as shorthand for bad company (billiard-halls being the places where all that drinking, smoking etc were popularly supposed to happen).
Even Evil Has Standards: Foulfellow and Gideon are perfectly fine with conning small children out of their money and freedom, and if one scene is to be believed, with doing hits as well. However, when the Coachman mentions taking boys to Pleasure Island, they're absolutely horrified. And when the Coachman assures them that the boys will never return as themselves and makes a Nightmare Face for emphasis, the fox and cat cower in fear. And yet, regardless of their morals, they trick Pinocchio into going there anyway, mainly because they're too scared to refuse the Coachman's proposition after that.
Evil Laugh: Stromboli and The Coachman lashes out some of these (they are both voiced by the same actor, so the laugh sounds almost the same).
Evil Overlooker: The Coachman and/or Stromboli and/or Monstro in some posters.
Extremely Short Timespan: It doesn't feel it, given the sprawling story it was adapted from, but the movie is strongly implied to take place within less than two days.
While Geppetto's first seen fishing inside Monstro, however, he says he hasn't had a bite in days.
That could be an Adaptation Induced Plot Hole, as the pacing suggests that Pinocchio turns into a donkey later the same night he arrives on Pleasure Island (e.g. Jiminy Cricket comments on how quiet it's suddenly gotten).
The ones who could still talk were thrown in a pen. The ones who could only make donkey noises were shipped off. Now remember what people use donkeys for; working in harsh environments, breeding more donkeys... In the original book, Pinocchio himself almost ends up skinned.
Foreshadowing: It becomes apparent that Pleasure Island isn't a good place when Honest John and Foulfellow are freaked out by the mention of it. Also, before the plot of the boys being transformed into donkeys occurs, look carefully at the chair Pinocchio is sitting on at the pool hall, it has a donkey face on the head, it is also subtly hinted by the Coachman in his dialogue like for instance: "They never come back... AS BOYS!" and a team of donkeys pull his coach.
Also, Honest John convinces Pinocchio to go to Pleasure Island by giving him his "ticket", which is an Ace of Spades card.
Humiliation Conga: Honest John of all people. Gideon cracks him over the head with a mallet trying to squash Jiminy, stuffing his head into his top hat. Hilarity Ensues and is the only time we see one of this movies villains get any sort of dues.
There isn't any implication that Foulfellow (aka Honest John) ever got punished or even stopped at what he was doing. A planned scene that was ultimately deleted from the final film would have had Foulfellow and Gideon get caught by the police after running into Pinocchio a third time. In fact, they were hired specifically by the Coachman to bring him back so that "the law doesn't learn of their business", so the implication in their capture is that the Coachman will follow suit, as Foulfellow and Gideon are clearly the types to squeal. Damn it Disney, why did you have to leave this scene out?
Though then again, Disney was probably trying to go for a more realistic fantasy world setting with this one. And let's face, a lot of evil deeds committed out there do go unpunished.
Stromboli doesn't get any punishment other than not being able to use Pinocchio for his show - he even gets to keep all the money from the first night.
However, the Disney Wiki says that Stromboli had made Pinocchio his star attraction, and that he likely had a Villainous Breakdown upon finding out the puppet was missing, and that his next show most likely bombed without Pinocchio, and may even have left him bankrupt! Consider that a sweet consolation prize!
The Coachman is probably still out there, turning naughty boys into donkeys. However in the SNES game, he gets kicked down a cliff by Pinocchio.
Literal Metaphor: A visual one. The boys on Pleasure Island make asses of themselves, smoking and drinking and gambling and so on. So they end up turning into donkeys.
Little Bit Beastly: He looks like a puppet version of a Kemonomimi when he gains donkey ears and a donkey tail while visiting Pleasure Island. He loses the donkey ears and donkey tail when he turns into a real boy.
Make a Wish: When you wish upon a star, makes no difference who you are...
Non-Standard Character Design: The Blue Fairy is the only realistically drawn character in the entire movie compared to the more cartoony looking humans in the film. In comparison she looks rather other-worldly.
This was intentional - while all the other characters are traditionally animated (drawn right on the cels), the Blue Fairy is rotoscoped (a live actor is filmed, and then the animator traces them from one cel to the next). This produces a slight Uncanny Valley effect compared to the other characters.
One particularly glaring example appears early in the film-during the scene where Pinocchio sets his finger on fire, watch Geppetto's head - his sleeping cap disappears several times throughout the scene! The DVD commentary even points this out and how easy it is to miss it the first time.
In the frames just before Geppetto tells Pinocchio to "Say hello to Figaro", Pinocchio only has his pupils.
Also, look at the poster on this page. Pinocchio has his little wooden head but a human body!
Or My Name Isn't...: Honest John tells Gideon the plan to sell Pinocchio to Stromboli in this way:
Honest John: If we play our cards right, we'll be on Easy Street, or my name isn't Honest John.
Precision F-Strike: The usage of the word "jackass", spoken by the Coachman ("Give a bad boy enough rope and he'll soon make a jackass of himself..."), by Jiminy ("Go on, laugh! Make a jackass out of yourself! I'm through! This is the end!"), and by Lampwick ("What's [Jiminy] think I look like? A jackass?").
Professional Killer: "Honest" John is implied to be this as he says to the Coachman "Who do I have to (makes throat slashing motion)"; his book counterpart was one too.
Shapeshifting Excludes Clothing: Where bad boys turn into donkeys after misbehaving on Pleasure Island. We see this happen to Lampwick, as animal instincts replace his human reason, and a combination of the shape change itself, and desperate braying and bucking casts all of his clothes off.
Shout-Out: The exterior of the pool hall on Pleasure Island is a giant eight-ball and cue stick, a nod to the Trylon and Perisphere of the 1939 New York World's Fair.
Through a Wooden Face: Pinocchio (who is still made of wood at this point) turns red when inhaling too much while smoking a cigar, then green when he accidentally swallows the smoke. Also, the green Jiminy Cricket blushes red when the beautiful Blue Fairy asks him to be Pinocchio's conscience.
White Gloves: Pinocchio has both white gloves and Four-Fingered Hands as a puppet. He loses the gloves when he becomes a real boy, as well as having a proper set of five fingers on each hand. All of the Funny Animals in the movie (Jiminy Cricket, Honest John, Gideon) also sport gloves, sometimes with holes in the fingers.