This entry is about the Disney film. For the 2009 Chinese version, see Mulan.Mulan is an animated film released in 1998, as the 36th film on the Disney Animated Canon. It was inspired by the Ancient Chinesefolk legend of Hua Mulan (花木蘭), though Disney chose to romanize the heroine's name as Fa Mulan, in effect giving her family name the typical Cantonese pronunciation, but her personal name the normal Mandarin one.The Huns are invading Imperial China, so every Chinese family receives a conscription order requiring one male from each household to serve in the army. Fa Mulan has no brothers, but she doesn't want her aging veteran father to go to war again, so she steals his sword and armor, cuts her hair, and goes in his place, disguised as a man.Her ancestors ask the dragon Mushu (who is small and has a penchant for comedy) to wake up the Great Stone Dragon to go and bring Mulan home, but Mushu (accidentally) breaks the Stone Dragon's statue and, rather than own up to this, goes in his place to make Mulan into a war hero and earn some glory, so becoming Mulan's Non-Human Sidekick.Under the assumed name "Fa Ping", Mulan undergoes many hardships in basic training, but eventually wins the respect and friendship of her fellow soldiers, and marches with her battalion to confront the invading Huns in a cliff-top battle.The film was very successful compared to the lukewarm reception of its predecessors Pocahontas, The Hunchback of Notre Dame and Hercules. In 2005, a direct-to-video sequel was made, although it wasn't as successful as the first film. Mushu is a summon character in the first Kingdom Hearts game, and Mulan is an assisting party member in the Land of the Dragons world of the sequel, and she was also made an honorary Disney Princess, even though she's not royalty, either by birth or marriage.Speaking of Disney princesses, this is the one movie no-one ever mentions when complaining about what awful role modelsDisney movies present.
Tropes used include:
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Action Girl: After going through combat training, Mulan is perfectly capable of taking on Huns, and even manages to stand against their leader with a bit of cleverness.
Adult Fear: After an argument with Mulan, she runs away from home, taking her father's place in the army. Her parents could only helplessly remain silent, knowing their only child would be exposed to the horrors of war and could possibly die and unable to go after her out of fear that if Mulan was exposed, she would be executed.
Amusing Injuries: During the Training Montage of I'll Make A Man Out Of You Yao gets his buttock pierced by a burning arrow, which is played for laughs. This is particularly notable since Mulan's stomach wound later is not only played for drama, but also a major plot point.
Anachronism Stew: The Forbidden City (constructed during the Ming dynasty) is featured prominently in the finale, but the Huns were already integrated into Chinese society by the time of the Northern Wei. The use of fireworks suggests the Sui dynasty but their style of dress suggests a later date. See this article for more on historical/cultural accuracy, which is forced to conclude that Mulan is set in "an imaginary dynasty in an imaginary part of China, based on real customs and lands".
Not to mention a certain pair of Goofy Print Underwear with what appears to be an elastic waistband, and a modern toothbrush and toothpaste tube.
Badass: Several. Mulan, who wipes out the majority of the Hun army with a single rocket and then flashes Shan Yu a smirk when he has his Oh Crap moment. Shan Yu himself, who took the Great Wall as a challenge, deliberately challenged the Chinese Army and curb stomped them, and when he was buried in the avalanche, he just burst right out *
. But the one who takes the cake is the Emperor. He's a noncombatant and the much younger and bulkier leader of the army that just crushed his own is swinging a sword at him. He doesn't even flinch.
The soldier in the opening sequence. He knows he is going to die, but he still fights as hard as he can to use his last few seconds of life to set off the Great Wall's warning-torch-system, and then stands up to the scary Shan Yu before his death. Thanks to him, Shan Yu fails.
Soldier to Shan Yu: Now all of China knows you're here.
Badass Boast: "No matter how the wind howls, the mountain cannot bow to it".
Bat Deduction: Played with when Shan Yu and his men deduct from a small doll, which Shan Yu's pet falcon managed to obtain on a scouting trip, that the Emperor's army is in a village in the mountain pass. It's unusual for this trope in that their deductive reasoning is logical, and the fact that they can deduce something like this makes sense considering that they're experts in tracking and that they live in the mountains (or at least have spent a huge amount of time crossing them).
Mulan: My ancestors sent a little lizard to help me? Mushu: Dragon, dragon! Not lizard! I don't do that tongue thing. *does "that tongue thing" for emphasis*
Bilingual Bonus: Mulan's male alias, "Ping", makes her full name "Hua Ping" (花瓶), which is Chinese for "flower vase" but also a figurative term for someone who is "just a pretty face" or, in other words, pretty but useless.
"Hua Ping" is also slang for "effeminate or homosexual man."
Chi Fu's name is a pun on the Chinese word for "to bully."
Chien Po's chant while trying to calm Yao down is a Buddhist prayer.
Also in the scene where Shan Yu cuts Mulan across the chest causing a wound so bad that she passes out (presumably from blood loss) the moment her adrenaline rush is over after saving Shang. We see a dark stain on her armor for about an instant, but otherwise she seems to have bled out without actually bleeding out, or even damaging her armor at all.
She also has blood on her hand and arm.
The way Shan Yu is disposed of would have seen the rocket ripping him apart and ash and bloody/charred gibs raining over a small part of the Imperial City.
Brick Joke: Remember how Mulan does her chores at the movie's beginning? At the end, we see that the chickens now associate Little Brother with food.
The decapitated ancestor also makes a humorous comeback in the ending.
Call a Rabbit a "Smeerp"/Translation Convention: The "Huns" referred to in the movie are almost certainly the Xiongnu, who were similar in many ways and often identified with them but actually different. This is presumably because 'Huns' is much easier to rhyme in English; the Mandarin version at least does call them the Xiongnu.
Cannot Spit It Out: Shang towards Mulan at the end. The emperor even calls him out on this. Even when Shang later shows up at Mulan's house, he initially tries to claim it's only to return her father's helmet. Luckily for him, she invites him to stay for dinner anyway.
Cassandra Truth: No one believes Mulan about the still-living Huns, apparently because she lied about her gender.
Makes sense when you consider Mushu's line, "You're a girl again, remember?" The implication, that no one in that time and place took women seriously, was probably one of the reasons Mulan felt uncomfortable with her proscribed role in society.
The skill of aiming and shooting rockets comes particularly handy, as Mulan first uses it to defeat Shan Yu's army, then to kill Shan Yu himself.
Pole climbing. The climactic scene from "I'll Make A Man Out Of You" returns as an instrumental part of Operation Save-the-Emperor.
Ling uses the brick-breaking headbutt he learned in training to take out one of the Huns.
Shoe throwing, of all things. Mulan uses it to catch Shan Yu's attention, stopping him just short of chopping Shang's head off. When we saw her do the same to Khan earlier, who knew it'd come in handy?
There's also Mushu's firebreathing. Attempted when trying to impress the ancestors, later used to light the avalanche-triggering cannon, roast the feathers off Shan-Yu's pet falcon, and light the fireworks rocket that sends Shan-Yu to his death.
Cloudcuckoolander: "Ping" appears to be this to others, but it's caused by a combination of trying to act manly, having to hide her gender, and being sabotaged by the others after making an initial bad impression.
Chi Fu: The boy is an absolute lunatic!
Cooldown Hug: Chien Po's to Yao, on the first occasion when "Ping" ticks him off.
Cover Identity Anomaly: Mulan does this when asked her name. Her family name (which she must use as part of the cover story) is Fa, but she hasn't thought of a personal name, leading to a very awkward conversation where Mushu tries to secretly help her come up with a name.
Creator Cameo: The film's directors are animated as the two guards in the fireworks tower.
Crying Wolf: After Mulan is revealed as being a woman, she sees that the Huns are still coming. She heads to warn Shang, but he doesn't believe her, possibly because she's a woman but also because she's a woman who has been lying to him for the whole movie, so there's some trust issues. Mulan says, "You'd trust Ping, why is Mulan any different?" Well, for one thing, for all Shang knew, Ping didn't get into the army based on a lie...
Cue the Sun: The climax of "Make a Man out of You". Ping/Mulan fails the whole training regimen and Shang pretty much tells him/her to go home. She then sees the arrow at the pole and decides to give it one last try. As she does, the sun rises and the other men start cheering her on. She succeeds and throws the arrow down to Shang's feet for emphasis, proving she canpull her own weight around.
Darker and Edgier: This film, unlike most Disney movies, thoroughly addresses the subject of war, and the grim consequences thereof, including the implied large-scale murder of the innocent and the grieving family members of those killed. That said, despite the dark nature of some of the subject matter, they manage to somewhat soften through frequent comic relief.
And Mulan's strategic avalanche-triggering makes her personally responsible for the deaths of hundreds of men, something you cannot say about any other Disney Princess.
Emperor:See to it that this woman is made a member of my council. Chi Fu:*stammers* What?! Uh... why, there are no council positions open, Your Majesty. Emperor:Very well. [to Mulan] You can have his job.
Shan Yu has his moments, such as just after his soldiers capture two Chinese scouts:
Shan Yu: "Good work, gentlemen. You've found the Hun army."
Debt Detester: Shang saves Mulan's life after she dishonors the Chinese army in return for her saving his life during the Mongol attack.
Deliberate Values Dissonance: As mentioned above, several (but not all) male characters at least start out pretty sexist because, hey, it's ancient China. Also lampshaded when Mulan, after being honored as a hero, gives the Emperor a big hug; Yao asks, "Is she allowed to do that?" (No, it would have been punishable by death; then again, after all the rest that happened, the Emperor was perfectly fine with letting it pass). The other guys just shrug.
Determinator: It's easy enough to miss, but Shang actually sends Mulan off midway through the "I'll Make A Man Out Of You" segment. That's right, he sent her home and relieved the Fa family of their war duty. But she pulled through because of her pride!
Dodge the Bullet: Part of the training for the new recruits is to learn to run through a hail of burning arrows without being hit. This is almost an inversion in that in the beginning when they are no good at it they do some actual dodging, but once he's got the hang of it, Yao runs through without being hit without making any visible effort to dodge.
Drill Sergeant Nasty: Shang has a song illustrating just how nasty he is. Downplayed in that he isn't that nasty - he's tough but good, and reacts with approval when he sees his band of miserable slobs becoming efficient and disciplined soldiers. The song still sounds exactly like what a Drill Sergeant Nasty is supposed to sound like, with the language cleaned up of course.
Empathy Doll Shot: Used with irony; unbeknownst to Mulan, the doll was also the cause of the village's destruction.
Establishing Character Moment: Mulan shows she is resourceful and clever by making a way for her dog to feed the chickens so she has time to get change. Also, she is shown resorting to cheating and shows a lack of grace, even before meeting the matchmaker, suggesting that life as a trophy wife will not properly fulfill her destiny.
The Emperor, when told his armies will protect him, declared that the armies should go out to protect his people.
Everyone Calls Him Barkeep: An unusual antagonist example: if you match the story up to Real Life and accept that the "Huns" are in fact the Xiongnu, Shan Yu is not the Big Bad's name but his TITLE (also represented as Chanyu, and in either event roughly translates to "Majesty Son of Heaven").
Evil Laugh: Shan Yu, standing on top of the Imperial Palace's roof.
Exactly What I Aimed At: Instead of shooting at Shan Yu and killing just him, Mulan shoots at a mountaintop and creates an avalanche that wipes out most of his army, turning what could have been a rout for the Hun force into a victory for the Chinese.
Mushu:*flying towards the mountain* You missed!! How could you miss? He was THREE FEET IN FRONT OF YOU!!!
Fanservice: Shang, shirtless and swinging a pole around while singing "I'll Make A Man Out Of You". Hilariously reviewed by The Daily Show's Camp Gay film critic Frank DeCaro, who responded "Yes, PLEASE! ...And bring the pole."
Faux Action Guy: Shang. He's introduced as a total badass, manages to fight circles around his recruits, trains them to perfection... and from that point on becomes consistently less competent than Mulan. He is still a good warrior, but his lack of success in using brute force to defeat the Huns shows that the Chinese will have to use guile and cleverness to win.
Faux Affably Evil: Shan-Yu, depending on how you take his mild tone of voice. When the Huns catch two Imperial scouts, he kneels down and adjusts one of their scarves and compliments them for finding the Hun Army. He even lets them go, to tell the Emperor he's coming. And then has one of them shot In the Back. Also when he says that they should go through the village to 'return' a doll to a little girl.
Follow the Leader: Averted. Mulan zigs on almost every point that the Disney Princess formula zags. She has both parents living (and a grandmother thrown in for good measure), is obedient and respectful toward her father, is pretty without being drop-dead gorgeous, isn't looking to expand her boundaries, and wants nothing more than to be like any other Chinese girl she knows. Although, you wouldn't know any of that by looking at her Disney Princess merchandise...
Foot Focus: During the bath scene. – It's the only thing they can focus on.
Foreshadowing: Mulan arrives late for the matchmaker costume preparations that take place in "Honor To Us All". She runs to catch up with the other girls, and at the very end of the sequence, she opens her parasol a little late. This is just the beginning of the disaster that's about to follow.
Fruit of The Loon: The boys stuff their dresses with a variety of fruit, including... a banana.
Generic Doomsday Villain: If there's any popular complaint about the movie, it's that Shan Yu is a threatening yet forgettable villain without much personality.
When Mulan gets slashed across the chest, she's clearly bleeding.
GPS Evidence: Shan Yu's falcon brings him a doll from a village to which they are en route. The doll has evidence on it — pine tar, a white horse hair, and gunpowder — that tells him the Imperial Army are there.
Heroic BSOD: Mulan completely shuts down after her cover is blown and doesn't boot back up until a handful of Huns prove themselves not quite deceased.
Hero's Muse: The soldiers discuss this trope in the song "A Girl Worth Fighting For".
Hit You So Hard, Your X Will Feel It: Mulan was told that punching and butt-slapping is a form of friendly gesture. Mulan did this to Yao in the wrong way and naturally, it caused a stir in Yao's rather short temper.
Yao: I'm gonna hit you so hard; it'll make your ancestors dizzy!
Human Ladder: The soldiers form one to try and find Mulan during the avalanche.
Hypocritical Humor: Chi Fu: "...And I do not squeal like a girl!" (Panda eats Chi Fu's slipper and he squeals like a girl)
I Owe You My Life: Shang to Mulan. This life-debt becomes immediately useful when Mulan is found out, and the punishment for a woman joining the army is death. Instead of killing her, Shang lets her go free. In the next scene, we're shown that he did leave her a good amount of provisions and her horse, which she promptly rode back into town after learning the Huns were alive.
Ironic Echo: A reprise of "Make A Man Out Of You" plays with unabashed glee while Mulan's friends are getting tarted up in full concubine drag to infiltrate the palace. Later, all four of them actually use the combat moves they were shown learning during that musical number against the Huns... still dressed as women.
Jerkass: Chi Fu is a chauvinist prick who condemns Mulan with the death penalty once her gender is found out, despite the fact she saved them all from the Hun army in the mountains. He tries this again after she and the others saved the Emperor and all of China from the Huns. Some gratitude...
Karma Houdini: No one seems to notice (or possibly care) that Mushu accidentally killed the Great Stone Dragon, though it is possible that A. it was dead to begin with or B. it was the wrong statue, or C. the statue is just a vessel to incarnate in the mortal world. The dragon got stuck in the astral plane, but he is all right.
It has been interpreted before that the Great Stone Dragon's spirit has already left the statue. Mulan did sit right under it before lightning flashed and she suddenly decided to go in her father's place. Perhaps it went with her?
Longing Look: What totally gives away Mulan's crush on Shang to Mushu.
Love Makes You Dumb: Shang is an incredibly competent and professional soldier, not even letting his father's death distract him from the task at hand. Then he starts talking to Mulan while she's a girl. Though, to be fair, by that point he didn't really need to be focused on Huns.
The Makeover: Twice; once in "You'll Bring Honor to Us All" and when she "becomes" a man.
Mulan: But you know how it is when you get those manly urges, and you just gotta kill something— [tries to punch Shang on the shoulder and hurts her hand] ...uh, fix things... cook outdoors...
Motivation on a Stick: Mulan uses a dog and bone to feed the chickens. The bone-on-a-stick is tied to the dog's back so the bone is always in front of the dog, and the dog runs around with a feedbag leaking grain behind him.
Never Trust a Trailer: The teaser trailer makes the film seem more like an action-adventure drama. The movie itself turns out to be a kids' musical with bits of action.
Nice Job Breaking It, Hero: Mulan's grandmother gives her a cricket to give her luck in order to help her with the matchmaker. While Mulan wasn't performing well to start with, it's obvious that the cricket ends up being a main direct cause for her failing the matchmaking.
Compare the fate that would have awaited her if she had succeeded in her matchmaking with what happened after she failed. Had she succeeded, she almost certainly wouldn't have joined the army in her father's place, making it very likely that not only would he have died, the Huns would have managed to succeed in their invasion. She also would not have earned the respect of the Emperor or met and won the heart of Shang, who is a better match than the matchmaker could have arranged for her. Who said that cricket wasn't a lucky one?
The Chinese soldier patrolling the Great Wall during the film's introduction. His facial expressions when the Huns start to scale the walls and his first sighting of Shan Yu says it all.
Shan Yu gets several. He gets one when Mulan sets off the avalanche and an even better one when she launches him into a tower containing what seems to be half the fireworks in the country.
And of course, the protagonists get two good ones. First, when they find the mountain village has been utterly destroyed and that the Imperial Army led by Shang's father has been wiped out along with it. Second time comes when they find out just how large the Hun army really is.
Mulan gets one when Shang enters her tent after she's bandaged up and she realizes that he knows she's a woman.
Our Dragons Are Different: Mushu is an Eastern dragon, but he is small and has relatively few powers. This may be because he was demoted from a a family guardian after he he he failed. He can, however, breathe fire, a trait more typical of Western dragons.
Outdoor Bath Peeping: Inverted and Gender Inverted. Mulan is mid-bath when Ling, Yao and Chien-Po decide they want to wash up. The sequence is marked by Mulan sinking as low in the water as possible, desperately trying to make a hasty exit, maintain her disguise and avoid getting an eyeful of her nude comrades, who are guilelessly trying to befriend "Ping" with a little good-natured water fight.
Out-Gambitted: General Li had everything planned: By praising his son he'd make Chi-Fu suspicious of him, so Chi-Fu would stay back and make sure Shang never marches off into battle. (Which would likely also have meant old war hero Fa Zhou would have been safe.) Not having to worry about either Chi-Fu's obstruction or Shang's wellbeing, Li would lay a trap for the Huns with the main army. Then Shan Yu finds out where Li is waiting - and decides not to avoid the battle.
Outrun the Fireball: Mulan's "Get off the roof. Get off the roof. Get off the roof!" as Shan Yu is about to be blown up.
A colder variant occurs earlier when everyone's outrunning the avalanche.
Pandaing To The Audience: Mushu disguised as a messenger delivers a fake message to Chi-Fu riding on the back of a panda.
Mushu In Disguise: What's the matter? Never seen a black-and-white before?
Parental Abandonment: Averted. Mulan is one of the only Disney protagonists to have both parents living. She even has a grandmother as an added bonus.
Plucky Comic Relief: Mushu to Mulan, and Cri-kee to Mushu. Mushu seems to have the ability to break the rules of reality for his gags, brushing his teeth with a standard modern toothbrush and toothpaste, and referring to a panda as a "black-and-white", a reference to a police car.
Plucky Girl: Mulan doesn't let a little thing like a bleeding chest wound stop her from saving Shang's life. Hell, aside from the initial pain, she doesn't even seem to notice it until things have calmed down. Gotta love that adrenaline, eh?
Politically Incorrect Villain: Averted. Shan-yu is one of the few male characters in the movie to never say anything sexist against Mulan. This could be because the Huns were less sexist against women than the Chinese.
Reflections are a motif in the movie - the pond at her house, the multiple ones in the ancestors' shrine (where she wipes off her makeup), the song, her helmet (which she throws to the ground), and of course the iconic sword.
Real Women Don't Wear Dresses: Despite being one of the most obvious Action Girl characters in Disney movies as a whole, Mulan is regarded as a bad role-model because of vaguely-feminine things like getting a boyfriend, or being motivated by saving her father, etc... see the YMMV page for details.
Reasonable Authority Figure: The Emperor, who is clearly the wisest and most level headed person in the movie, especially when contrasted with Chi Fu, his obnoxious, opinionated advisor.
The Emperor of China: I've heard a great deal about you, Fa Mulan. You stole your father's armor, ran away from home, impersonated a soldier, deceived your commanding officer, dishonored the Chinese Army, destroyed my palace, and... you have saved us all.
Shout Out: The families Chi-Fu calls to claim their conscription notices are the names of Disney animators, Mulan's alter-ego is named after Sai Ping Lok, another Disney Studios who did background work and research for the movie.
Talking Is a Free Action: Averted. Just as Yao is on the verge of saving Mulan and Shang from getting knocked off the cliff by the avalange by firing a rope-tied arrow to them, he takes the time before grabbing the rope to say out loud that he should grab it, causing him to just miss it.
Really, it's just Shang who's hell-bent on ignoring her warnings. Yao, Ling, and Chien Po seem like they want to believe her, but are sort of afraid to piss off their commanding officer. They're quick enough to follow her when she says she has an idea to get them into the palace.
Through a Face Full of Fur: An angry Yao turns red after Mulan (disguised as Ping) slaps him on the behind and gives a few other hits, which he takes as offenses, before being calmed by Chien Po with chanting.
Twelfth Night Adventure: Although one does notice that the character is drawn differently when she pretends to be a man. Look at the movie poster where half of her face is reflected in a sword. Notice her nose and jaw. The DVD Commentary flat-out admitted it.
The Nostalgia Chicknoticed that her eyelashes disappear whenever she's disguised. Looking closely, you can see that they even momentarily vanish when she draws her hair back up to reveal her identity to Shan Yu.
Uncle Tomfoolery: Mushu. Roger Ebert said it best: "a black dude in medieval China?" This is more a function of Eddie Murphy's standard roles than anything else.
Unfamiliar Ceiling: One scene gives the general impression of this, although no indication is given of how much time has passed.
Villain Song: Averted; Shan Yu one of the more well-known Disney Villains to never have gotten one. One of the things the animators were going for with Shan Yu was to make him a man of few words and let his actions carry the character. Giving him a song would have completely derailed that.
Villainous Valour: There's a reason why Shan Yu is nowadays considered one of the most badass of Disney villains: he's strong enough to easily break down a barricaded door or effortlessly slice through a massive pillar with his sword. He's also very proud of his army, as shown at the beginning when he thought it was perfect that all of China knew they were coming after the signal fire was lit, and when he flatly refused to avoid the Imperial troops and instead opted to take them head on, knowing that they are the elite of China's armies.
Weapon Tombstone: When the commander—who also happens to be Shang's father—dies, Shang buries him. In the absence of anything else that hasn't been burned or destroyed, he marks the grave with his father's helmet, placed on his own sword.
Wham Line: More like a wham silence at the end of "A Girl Worth Fighting For". Everyone's happily singing about that certain girl that's waiting for them at home (or not!) and then... wham. Pillaged village.
Who Are You?: Mushu heads over to the fireworks area during the final battle, and is asked by the guards there, "Who are you?" He responds, "Your worst nightmare," and they flee.
Worthy Opponent: Towards the climax, when Mulan reveals that it was she who destroyed the Hun army, Shan Yu isn't at all shocked and calls her "the soldier of the mountains." And then he comes at her, not wasting any time with the usual "I've been beaten by a woman" stuff villains usually spout when facing a female opponent.
Yamato Nadeshiko: Invoked. "Men want girls with good taste, calm, obedient, who work fast-paced. With good breeding and a tiny waist."
Mulan herself plays with the trope. She has the looks, is extremely devoted to her parents and desperately tries to fit in as a perfectly feminine and demure daughter... without much success. However, when she learns that her already old father will have to go to war with the Huns, she shows the core of steel part by dressing up as a male and taking his place, not for glory or to rebel against her family but to save her dad's life and the family honor.
Deus ex Machina: employed in the original style as Mushu climbs into an idol of the Unity Dragon and makes supposedly divine pronouncements (punctuated with a bit of fire-breathing) that neatly resolve what has become a very tangled situation.
Heroic Sacrifice: Shang. The princesses can also be seen as performing this, as they risk their happiness for political alliance.
Heterosexual Life Partners: Lampshaded with Yao, Ling, and Chien-Po after having been told by the matchmaker that none of them would ever find matches for themselves:
Chien-Po: I guess I'll spend my life with you two. Ling: Pass the hanky.
Honorable Marriage Proposal: A very rare female case: Mulan proposes to a prince of Qi Gong to satisfy the requirements of alliance which she threatened by persuading the princesses to follow their desires.
Took a Level in Jerkass: Mushu, and how. It was all just because the ancestors did the same, threatening to separate him from Mulan, and he didn't want that.
Training from Hell: Averted by Mulan, who begins teaching the girls to fight by telling them that one should be gentle and kind to others. Possible subversion of the scene with Shang from the first part of the film.