"The cold never bothered me anyway."
"In Arendelle's fair kingdom, a ruler did appear, Frozen
Born with a secret power so great, alone she stayed in fear.
Although the force was hidden, one day she let it go,
And all the land was covered in eternal ice and snow..."
—The second North American trailer
's 53rd entry in its animated canon line-up
, an original story that's inspired by Hans Christian Andersen
's longest Fairy Tale
, The Snow Queen
, using 3D computer-generated imagery. It is directed by Chris Buck (Tarzan
, Surf's Up
) and Jennifer Lee, features songs penned by Robert Lopez and Kristen Andersen-Lopez
and an orchestral score by Christophe Beck
Elsa (Idina Menzel
) and Anna (Kristen Bell
) are the royal sisters of the pseudo-Scandinavian kingdom of Arendelle, but on the day of Elsa's coronation as queen, her Dark Secret
is revealed to the world: she uncontrollably conjures up snow and ice from thin air
. As Elsa flees to the North Mountain to start a new life alone, she unknowingly
unleashes a potentially Endless Winter
on the kingdom. Now Princess Anna teams up with rugged mountain man Kristoff (Jonathan Groff
), his pet reindeer Sven who acts like a dog, and singing snowman
Olaf (Josh Gad), to track down Elsa, hoping she will return the summer to Arendelle. Do you ever feel like Disney does these things just to get a hilarious trailer?
A product of extended Development Hell
that can be traced all the way back to Walt Disney himself.
It is only the second time they tapped Hans Christian Andersen
for a full length feature (not counting shorts and sequences used for Fantasia
), following up The Little Mermaid
A new Mickey Mouse
short entitled Get a Horse
played in front of the main feature.
The story continues in the new Anna & Elsa
series of children's chapter books; the first two have been released in January 2015. The same year, a theatrical short titled Frozen Fever
will be released, telling a story of Anna's friends throwing her a birthday party; the short will reunite the cast and crew and will feature a new original song. The fourth season of the ABC series Once Upon a Time
also features a continuation of the story, and additional backstory linking it to the original Snow Queen
story, though this is all non-canon with the film.
Not to be confused with the 2010 Drama/Thriller film of the same name about skiers trying to survive after being stuck on a chairlift
"Let it trope, let it trope, can't hold them back anymore":
open/close all folders
- Bullying a Dragon: Let's try to kill the woman who you've seen shoot ice from her hands with a thought, and then buried Arendelle in a near apocalyptic mid-summer snowstorm, both without even meaning to. It's no wonder that when Elsa did mean to hurt the Duke of Weselton's men, they were only saved at the last second because Hans convinced her to show mercy.
- Busby Berkeley Number: "In Summer" plays this trope up, with Olaf dancing with cartoon seagulls.
- The Call Knows Where You Live: A minor variation. Elsa never realized just what she triggered when she ran off to the North Mountain and believes she's doing everyone a favor. Then Anna goes and proves her wrong during "For The First Time in Forever (Reprise)".
- The Cameo: Rapunzel and Eugene appear for just a moment among the guests arriving for Elsa's coronation. At the coronation ball, when the guests are applauding after Elsa and Anna are introduced, there's a dark-skinned woman in a blue ballgown roughly in the center-foreground of the camera who looks a bit like Tiana.
- Casual Danger Dialogue: The wolf attack scene. First as Anna and Kristoff are being chased by the wolves, they momentarily banter about Anna's Fourth Date Marriage. Then when Kristoff is pulled off the sled by a wolf, Anna cries out "Christopher!" and his first response as he's dragged through the snow is to correct her. After Anna lights a bedroll on fire and uses it to take out the wolves biting on Kristoff, he's more upset that she almost set him on fire.
- Catch Phrase:
- Anna says "Wait, what?" quite a few times. This apparently is a tic of Kristen Bell's and easily adds to Anna's adorkableness.
- "Hi, I'm Olaf, and I like warm hugs."
- Oaken and the sauna family's "Hoo-hoo!"
- Character Tics:
- Elsa tends to cross her arms when she feels stressed. Notably when she is confronted by Anna during the coronation just before she cuts loose with her powers (especially since it was to hide her uncovered left hand); when she's alone on the North Mountain during the first lines of "Let It Go"; and twice in her ice palace when she realizes that her powers have plunged Arendelle into Endless Winter. When she laughs (once when she and Anna are kids and sneak off into the ballroom to play, and a couple of times during the coronation), she tends to place her fingers over her lipsnote . She also wrings her hands a lot. Notably, these are all variants on hiding or containing her emotion, which in her case is often expressed through ice powers that come from her hands.
- Anna tends to brush a lock of her hair behind her ear whenever she's feeling nervous or embarrassed. She also bites her lip in similar situations.
- Sven has a tendency to lick both people and inanimate objects. Kristoff, Olaf, the staircase at Elsa's ice castle, carrots, you name it, he's probably licked it.
- Church of Saint Genericus: The bishop at Elsa's coronation wears Arendelle's crocus on his mitre instead of a cross. Similarly, the orb used in the coronation is not topped with a cross but a crocus flower. So exactly which religion Arendelle follows (catholic, orthodox, Church of England-style state religion, etc.) is unclear.
- Circle of Standing Stones: The magical trolls live in such an area (when they aren't being the standing stones themselves).
- Closed Door Rapport: "Do You Wanna Build A Snowman?" is basically this in song form.
Do you wanna build a snowman?
It doesn't have to be a snowman! Elsa:
Go away, Anna. Anna: Okay, bye...
- Colour Motif: Three examples;
- Anna's outfits nearly all contain some form of green (even her mostly blue and violet winter outfit has green stems on the rosemaling), tying her to spring.
- Elsa, by contrast, has outfits that are blue or some shade of blue, for obvious reasons. Her ice dress is blue, and her coronation dress is teal, with cyan gloves.
- Hans is associated with white, which only drives home his exploited status as Disney Nice Guy archetype.
- Kristoff wears mostly brown, symbolizing his down-to-earth nature and his humble origins.
- Comically Missing the Point: Twice during the sled ride.
- Anna misinterprets Kristoff's repeated question "You got engaged to a man you just met that day?" as inattentiveness rather than incredulousness, from the way she replies, "Yes! Pay attention!"
- When Kristoff asks Anna if her parents ever warned her against strangers (in relation to the above mentioned engagement), this only causes her to look at Kristoff suspiciously and scoot farther away on the seat from him. Bear in mind she hired/ordered him to transport her up the North Mountain.
- Conspicuous Gloves: Elsa is given these as a child to keep others safe from her uncontrollable powers. During her coronation, she has to take them off to accept the scepter and orb, and is visibly uncomfortable without them because she is having such a hard time keeping the regalia from icing over. Anna says she thought Elsa was just Terrified of Germs because she couldn't think of another reason.
- Convection Schmonvection:
- We see it where extreme cold should be incredibly harmful. Twice in the film characters fall into water (Anna, then Sven) and are perfectly safe once they climb out despite that it's freezing cold out. Getting wet in freezing temperatures is bad, and getting out of the water does not remove the danger. Anna's dress freezes but it is Played for Laughs, and since she immediately goes into Wandering Oaken's Trading Post and Sauna moments later, it probably wouldn't be that serious. Sven, on the other hand, even if he is a reindeer, would potentially have been in trouble had Elsa not ended the winter moments later leaving it the midst of a balmy summer day.
- Played straight when the heroes go to visit Kristoff's troll family; Olaf does not melt, or even thaw a little, despite walking between what appear to be geysers of steam (the steam suggests that the area where the trolls live has geothermal features, which are the reason why it stays clear of snow while the rest of Arendelle is snowed in).
- At the end of "Do You Want To Build A Snowman?" Elsa is sitting against the door, and has flash-frozen it and the surrounding walls to the point where snow is raining from the ceiling. Anna's sitting against the same door on the other side, but based on how she's sitting, that door doesn't feel ice cold to her.
- Conveniently an Orphan: Anna and Elsa, whose parents lost their lives in a storm on their way to visit a foreign kingdom by sea at the beginning of the film. Kristoff could technically also be one.
- Costume Porn: As in Tangled, all of the characters' costumes, especially the royals', are detailed to the stitch.
- Counterpoint Duet: "For the First Time in Forever" for Elsa and Anna, towards the end of it. The former is dreading the day and the latter is ecstatic. They later have a second one in the Triumphant Reprise/Dark Reprise where the lyrics of the two melodies in the reprise diverge even further into dark and light emotions than in the original, to the point where the major and minor chords struggle for dominance.
- Crash-Into Hello: Anna meets Hans by bumping into his horse. They quickly become engaged.
- Creator Cameo: Anna and Elsa's mother, Idun, is voiced by Jennifer Lee, the co-director of Frozen.
- Credits Gag: Before the information pertaining to Disney holding the rights to the film appears in the end credits, we get this text:
The views and opinions expressed by Kristoff in the film that all men eat their own boogers are solely his own and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of The Walt Disney Company or the filmmakers. Neither The Walt Disney Company nor the filmmakers make any representation of the accuracy of any such views and opinions.
- Crowd Song: The trolls' song "Fixer Upper" is sung by every single troll, even the children.
- Cue the Sun: At the very end of "Let it Go", which both represents and celebrates the awakening of the 'new' Elsa.
Elsa: Here I stand, in the light of day.
- Cup Holders: According to Anna, Kristoff's new sled has one.
- Curse Escape Clause: "Only an act of true love can thaw a frozen heart." The characters assume this means True Love's Kiss, but what breaks the curse is Anna sacrificing herself for her sister; an act of familial love on Anna's part.
- Cuteness Overload/Cuteness Proximity: The kid versions of Anna and Elsa are adorable little girls playing in the snow. They pretend to waltz with an inanimate Olaf!
- Dagwood Sandwich: During "In Summer", Anna and Kristoff are confused as to why exactly they appear in Olaf's dream sequence holding these when Olaf imagines what summer will be like.
- Damsel in Distress: Both Anna and Elsa become this at different parts of the movie. Interestingly, they both go down the Damsel out of Distress route, with Elsa using her powers to break out of the castle dungeons and Anna lifting the curse placed on her on her own, without needing a True Love's Kiss.
- Dance Party Ending: Skate party ending, but the idea's the same; happy fun at the end.
Olaf: And glide, and pivot, and glide, and pivot...
- Dangerously Genre Savvy:
- Elsa uses her hands to cast the majority of her ice magic, hence why her parents make her wear gloves to hide it. When Hans holds her captive in the castle dungeons, he makes sure that her hands are completely encased in heavy metal gauntlets in order to neutralize her. It doesn't stop her (she freezes the gauntlets until they become so brittle that they shatter), and it barely even slows her down.
- Also Hans knew that Anna, who had spent most of her life sheltered and alone, would be desperate to find love. He even says that while Elsa may seem like the obvious choice of bride to get on the throne, Anna is a much easier target. He has her convinced he's her true love until (what they believe is) the last moment.
- Darker and Edgier: A major contender for this among Disney films, despite having a body count of only two minor characters (Anna and Elsa's parents), and the villains punished justly without death. The film features childhood trauma, dead parents, murderous noblemen, a comic relief character that spends the movie dreaming about the thing that will kill him, and the entire cast nearly dying in a massive snowstorm near the end.
- Dark Reprise: Although "For the First Time in Forever (reprise)" starts off as a Triumphant Reprise, it quickly descends to become a Dark Reprise, resulting in Elsa freezing Anna's heart. Also, listen to the ominous music that follows right after and the fact that you hear the percussion from the ice harvesters' song "Frozen Heart", from the line "beware the frozen heart".
- Deadpan Snarker: Kristoff's dialogue is mostly snark at whoever he happens to be talking to, and always in a deadpan manner.
- Dead Unicorn Trope: Frozen has garnered a lot of praise from some quarters for modernising Disney tropes about romance. In the film, Anna is called out by Elsa for thinking herself in love with Hans, even though she has only known him a matter of hours. While this is more extreme than usual, it does call out the tendency of two characters deciding they are destined to be together within a few days - which doesn't just feature in Disney movies, but many family-friendly films. The pairing of Anna and Kristoff is far more subtle and doesn't even result in an engagement. It's even questionable as to whether Kristoff's kiss would have cured Anna.
- The handsome Prince riding in to save the day. Watch the Big Damn Heroes finale closely. While Kristoff was brave to ride on in, he had almost nothing to do with saving Elsa or Anna. Olaf saved Anna from freezing to death at the risk of his life and let her out of that room. Anna saved Elsa at risk to her life, resulting in Elsa saving Anna.
- Villains being easily recognisable just by their appearance. We are reminded of this with the Jerk Ass Duke, and then it's flipped on its head with the gorgeous Hans.
- Decon-Recon Switch: Several. To wit:
- Anna gets called out at least twice (first by Elsa, and then by Kristoff) for falling for and accepting a marriage proposal from Hans over the course of only a single afternoon, and it turns out that it was a ruse on Hans's part to seduce his way the throne of Arendelle. Then Anna and Kristoff fall for each other over the course of only a couple of days, but don't actually get engaged. We never find out if a True Love's Kiss from Kristoff would have worked, since Anna's act of self-sacrifice is what breaks the spell.
- Sven, while still a reindeer of near-human like intelligence, doesn't speak, not even in a heavy reindeer accent. In fact, when "he" does, it's Kristoff saying things for him in a goofy voice, the way real pet owners often do with their pets. When he tries to communicate, he must use body language, like a real pet.
- Anna veers back and forth between being a borderline Action Girl to a Distressed Damsel, but never in a stereotypical manner. When she's hurt, it's legitimately life-threatening because her heart and body are slowly freezing solid. When she's taken captive she's just about on her deathbed, so one can forgive any "helpless" vibes, because she's honestly almost beyond reviving.
- "Do You Want to Build a Snowman?", "For the First Time In Forever", and "Let it Go" are each an "I Want" Song and as far from the conventional example of one as you can get — in the first, Anna just wants to have Elsa back in her life; in the second, we see Anna's naivete while Elsa's part is about her dread for the upcoming coronation; in the third, it's more a revelation of Elsa's that she's finally free to be herself, now that she has nothing left to lose.
- It also deconstructs the whole love song duet thing. It was performed with Anna and Hans, who was the Wrong Guy First and ultimately Evil All Along. The song also provides hints as to his sociopathic true nature. Kristoff, the true Love Interest, never sang except for one occasion, and not a very significant one at that.
- Decoy Antagonist: The Duke of Weselton and his guards are set up to be the primary villains from first sight, what with the "exploiting" quote and the guards trying to kill Elsa, but Hans, who seemed to be Anna's love interest, eventually takes over as the main antagonist.
- Defrosting Ice Queen:
- To no one's surprise, Elsa....sort of. She has to keep her emotions and feelings in check, because if she doesn't, she loses control of her magic, and it can do terrible things to the people. The one who attempts to defrost her is not a male love interest, like the trope usually is, but her sister.
- To a lesser extent, Kristoff; being raised by Trolls did little to help his people skills, and he's also dismissive of people in general thanks to some bad experiences (such as the way the ice harvesters just abandon him at the beginning of the film, perhaps) if his lullaby to Sven is any indication. The defrosting here is an inverse of the usual, with Anna serving as the catalyst.
- Description Cut: As the castle prepares to open its gates, we hear a couple of townspeople discussing how beautiful and elegant the princesses must be. Cuts to Anna looking like a complete bedhead: fast asleep, very messy hair, snoring and drooling all over her pillow.
- The Determinator: Once Elsa flees after accidentally revealing her powers, Anna will stop at nothing to not only restore summer but also bring her sister home where she belongs.
- Elsa may have half the screen time that her sister does, but she's more important to the plot. Jennifer Lee said the film is "Anna’s story but it’s really about Elsa."
- Tritagonist: Kristoff is as important as the sisters: he has more screen time than other characters, but not as much as either of the sisters.
- Died in Your Arms Tonight: Hans claims that Anna died in his arms, when really he's locked her in a room and left her to freeze to death.
- Dies Wide Open: A magical variant, combined with Taken for Granite. When Anna's curse completely envelopes her and turns her to ice, her eyes are wide, staring, and fearful.
- Did I Just Say That Out Loud?:
- The Duke of Weselton says this in his introduction when he openly says how he plans to exploit Arendelle's profits.
- Kristoff when he gleefully tells Anna "I could kiss you!" when she gives him his new sleigh.
- Also Anna briefly after running into Hans. "You're gorgeous. Wait, what?"
- Did You Actually Believe?: "You were so desperate for love, you were willing to marry me, just like that!"
- Didn't Think This Through: When Anna goes after Elsa, she just assumes that she'll be able to make her sister turn off the sudden winter and come back home simply by asking. She doesn't realize that Elsa has no idea how to turn the weather back to normal, or that convincing her to go back to Arendelle won't be as easy as she thinks.
- Disney Acid Sequence: A mild example with Olaf's number, "In Summer". The movie has its fair share of anachronisms, but "In Summer" feels like it comes straight out of the 1950s or even from something like Mary Poppins. Its visual style, with blazing sunshine, saturated colors, and bloom, is completely unlike the rest of the movie. It's lampshaded when Anna and Kristoff seem surprised and confused to find themselves in it towards the end.
- Disney Death:
- Princess Anna turns into an ice statue but thaws moments later.
- Sven falls into a chilly ocean when the ice breaks, but resurfaces moments later.
- Disneyfication: As expected, the story bears little resemblance to "The Snow Queen" beyond a few elements. Unusually for this trope, minus the involvement of the devil, it's probably a darker story than the original! Sure, Gerda and Kai had problems, but nowhere on the psychologically torturous level of what Anna and Elsa face.
- Disney Princess: This marks the first time two Princesses were introduced to the canon in the same film, ever. Yes, Elsa gets a promotion to queen, but still, she was a princess in the prologue.
- Disney Villain Death:
- Disproportionate Retribution: Marshmallow's response to Anna hitting him with a snowball is to chase her and Kristoff away. Anna should have listened to Kristoff saying "Let the snowman be!" Especially since it looked like Marshmallow was turning to go back inside when Anna threw the snowball at him.
- Dodgy Toupee: The Duke sports one of these.
- Doomed New Clothes: Anna's coronation ballgown doesn't really last. When she falls into an icy creek, the skirt is frozen solid within seconds of Anna standing up. Thus further justifying that her main purpose for stopping at Wandering Oaken's Trading Post and Sauna (conveniently just a few hundred feet away from the creek) is go get more appropriate cold weather gear.
- Double Aesop: "Fixer Upper" is about a potential romantic relationship with Kristoff, but the song applies perfectly to Anna's sisterly relationship with Elsa. Strangely enough, it doesn't seem to apply to Hans... as far as we know.
- Double Meaning:
- "Let it Go" is about how Elsa can finally stop trying to hold in her powers, but also about how she is leaving her past and her kingdom behind.
- "Love Is An Open Door" and "Fixer Upper" are both about romantic love but also can also be applied to the familial love between Anna and Elsa. The former song can also refer to Prince Hans's plan to use Anna's infatuation with him ("Love") as a way to gain access ("Open Door") to the throne.
- At the end of the movie: Anna: "I love the open gates." Elsa: "We are never closing them again." This refers to the literal castle gates, but also to Elsa and Anna's relationship.
- Double Meaning Title: As revealed by co-Director Chris Buck in an interview, the title refers to not only the frozen landscape but also the relationship between the two sisters, "which is frozen in the film when they were little girls".
- Dramatic Wind: Once Elsa's powers are revealed, her emotional state can usually be determined by observing how hard it's snowing. You can also tell whenever she has hit a full-blown Heroic BSOD, which causes the Dramatic Wind to halt completely and the snow to simply freeze in the air. This only happens twice in the film — once after she learns that her parents have died, and again after Hans tells her that Anna is dead.
- Dreamworks Face: In all the posters for the film, Elsa is shown making this face. Typically, the rest of the main cast will be all smiles alongside her, although there are some posters of the sisters where Anna attempts to imitate Elsa's◊ which shows how much she looks up to her big sister.
- Dual Meaning Chorus: The first appearance of "Let It Go" begins with the chorus indicating Elsa is now free to use her powers, but ends with it being a declaration that she is leaving her past behind.
- Dying Alone: This almost happens to Anna, courtesy of Hans, when he locks her in a drawing room to die of internal hypothermia.
- Earn Your Happy Ending: Elsa and Anna reconcile and the kingdom is happy. After all the tragedies both sisters have been through, they really, really deserve one.
- Emotional Powers: Elsa believes that her powers go out of control when she feels even the smallest bit of emotion. In reality, it was negative emotions, fear and anger, which cause her powers to go haywire, while positive emotions allow her more control. This is demonstrated with her ice castle: she constructs it beautifully while in a self affirming mood, but when her sister tells her about the curse on the kingdom, cracks start appearing and a red light appears within. Her parents' well-meaning advice to suppress her emotions led to Elsa's inability to master her powers, because she was always terrified of hurting someone again.
- Emotionless Girl: What Elsa tries to be, suppressing her emotions.
- Endless Winter: Elsa puts a curse on the land which causes endless winter, though she didn't intend to do it and is shocked when Anna tells her that.
- Every Car Is a Pinto: When Kristoff's (wooden, freshly lacquered) sled falls off of a cliff, the impact breaks a lit lantern, splashing the sled with flaming oil.
- Evil Cannot Comprehend Good: The trolls entertain True Love's Kiss as being only one of the ways to save a frozen heart, but Hans clearly believes that 'True Love' can only come from the love of a man and a woman. He doesn't consider the love of siblings.
- Evil Old Folks: The Duke of Weaseltownnote is old, rude, and talks about exploiting Arendelle's profits for himself.
- Evil Prince: Prince Hans is most certainly evil, but unlike most examples of this trope, it's not his own kingdom he's trying to kill the rightful heirs to and usurp, possibly because he has twelve older brothers and there's no way he can kill all of them off without casting suspicion onto himself.
- Evil Virtues: This is combined with Pragmatic Villainy in some cases. Both villains. Hans is nice to Anna even before she introduces herself as the local princess, hands out supplies to the common folk, opens the castle to give them warmth and shelter and stops Elsa from killing two of the Duke's guards, even if these may all be part of his plan to become a beloved King. The Duke can also feel genuine sadness for others, as shown when he hears the news of Anna's death.
- Exact Words:
- Only an act of true love can thaw a frozen heart. And it doesn't have to be romantic love, nor does it state who has to do said act — or even which heart needs thawing.
- The troll's warning at the beginning of the film when he says that "Fear will be your greatest enemy." The king and queen think that he's talking about how people will fear Elsa when they find out she has powers. In reality, it's Elsa's fear of her own powers (along with her parents' fears) and her constant repression of them that leads to them running out of control.
- A funny example is when the group first arrives at Elsa's castle. Olaf tries to go in with Anna after she told Kristoff that he shouldn't go in yet, and Anna tells Olaf to give her a minute. Cue Olaf quietly counting the seconds. It's made even funnier when Olaf sits down beside Kristoff, and Kristoff very reluctantly joins in counting as well. If you count along slowly while Anna goes in to talk to Elsa, it is almost sixty seconds exactly when Olaf comes in. In real time it feels a bit closer to seventy seconds, but they did have to get up the stairs.
- During "For The First Time In Forever" Anna sings "I suddenly see him standing there, a beautiful stranger, tall and fair!", but this is actually averted. Hans is actually on the short side of average, he's a redhead, and he introduces himself within seconds. Kristoff is closer, being much taller and fair-haired, but he's more gruff and aloof than "a beautiful stranger".
- Another aversion causes a problem for Elsa growing up. The king advises her to "Conceal it; don't feel it", but she grows up shortening it to "Conceal; don't feel", which just makes things worse as her powers are emotion based.
- Expository Hairstyle Change:
- During "Let it Go", Elsa undoes her hair that was in a bun before to show how free she now feels. However, it is still bound up in a long braid, indicating a second, deeper level of emotional binding.
- Anna's hair gains a white streak after she is struck in the head by Elsa's ice powers. Later, her hair goes almost completely white after Elsa strikes her in the heart and she is slowly dying as a result. After Anna thaws from being frozen solid, the white streak in her hair is gone.
- Failsafe Failure: Elsa has no problem controlling her powers as a young girl playing with Anna. After accidentally hitting Anna in the head, she is traumatized, and their parents lock them in the castle, where she despairs for the next decade or so. She loses control of her powers because she distances herself from her family to avoid hurting them.
- Fairy Tale: Inspiration is drawn from Hans Christian Andersen's original Snow Queen.
- Fake Ultimate Hero: Prince Hans's plan to usurp the throne is basically this: 1) gain widespread public approval for convincing the evil witch to put a stop to the unnatural winter she caused, or 2) killing her, except the witch isn't evil, the winter is accidental, and he wants the throne for himself.
- Falling Chandelier of Doom: When an arrow meant for Elsa, due to the intervention of Hans, headed towards the ice chandelier of Elsa's castle, it causes the chandelier to fall and break apart. While Elsa manages to run away from it, the ice shards from the chandelier fly in all directions upon hitting the floor, hitting her. She falls and is knocked out as a result.
- Falling in Love Montage: "Love Is An Open Door" acts as one for Anna and Hans. To further drive the nature of the song home, they agree to marry the second it ends.
- Family Business: Oaken and his family run their own trading post (and sauna).
- Fantasy Counterpart Culture: The landscape and setting of the movie is heavily based on Norway. What's more, Arendelle sounds like "Arendal", the name of a small Norwegian city,◊ whose economy is built around a port as well.
- As Humon, the creator of Scandinavia and the World, details in the strip "Frozen Nordics", it isn't just that Arendelle is Fantasy Norway, the Southern Isles are Fantasy Denmark and Weselton is Fantasy Sweden, with Kristoff being a Fantasy Saami. She also proposes that the trolls live in a fantasy version of Iceland (thanks to all the steam around where they live) and that Oaken is from Fantasy Finland (due to his love of the sauna).
- Fantasy Gun Control: Despite its ambiguous setting, the clothes and architecture resembles the Victorian Era, but the only ranged weapons are javelins and crossbows.
- Fat and Skinny: The two servants of the Arendelle castle who have given names: Kai (fat) and Gerda (skinny).
- Feminist Fantasy: It stars two strong, female protagonists (one of which has god-like ice powers that are noted for being "stronger than a hundred men!") and explores themes of Love in many unexpected ways. Love at First Sight is used by the villain to try to take advantage of Anna, while the act of True Love necessary to unfreeze Anna's heart is not a kiss... but rather her willingness to sacrifice herself to protect her sister. Elsa's fear of herself made her Power Incontinence worse, but she gains full control of them and becomes a beloved Queen once she embraces it and her love for her family. Prince Hans is sent packing after being punched into the harbor by Anna, to face punishment from his own kingdom while Kristoff and Anna slowly take the first step towards dating.
- Fighting the Lancer:
- Played for Laughs with Kristoff chewing out Anna for being engaged to a guy she just met in the midst of being ambushed by wolves.
- Played for Drama with Elsa's inability to unfreeze the Endless Winter she accidentally set on Arendelle.
- Finishing Each Other's Sentences:
- In "Love is an Open Door" to show how well Anna and Hans fit together. Except Anna says "sandwiches" instead of "sentences".... and Hans's reaction foreshadows how he is tailoring himself to fit Anna's hopes for a guy to manipulate her.
- "Fixer Upper" has it so that every other line is sung by a troll other than the line before or by the group.
- First Girl Wins: Played with. Though Hans is the first boy shown to the audience as a love interest and the first boy to properly meet Anna, Kristoff appears in the movie before him during A Minor Kidroduction along with Sven, Elsa, and Anna. This means that Kristoff was the first boy introduced to the audience and was also technically the first boy to see Anna (though he didn't know who she was at the time).
- Fisher Queen: The trolls warn Elsa early on that "Fear will be your enemy". As Elsa grows more afraid during the film's climax, the blizzard around her grows more fierce and dangerous. When Hans makes Elsa believe that she killed Anna, she becomes numb, prompting the storm to suddenly stop. When Anna's curse is broken by her selfless act of love, the realization of how much Anna loves her helps Elsa conquer her fears, allowing her to control her powers and undo her own damage.
- Hans is the thirteenth brother. Unlucky thirteen, anybody?
- "Frozen Heart", the film's opener, has a lot of lines that pertain to the rest of the film.
Beautiful, powerful, dangerous, cold!
Ice has a magic can't be controlled!
Strike for love and strike for fear!
Watch your step! Let it go!
Beware the frozen heart!
- Early on, Anna mentions dreaming about getting kissed by a troll. She actually remembers part of being saved by the troll elder in the beginning of the movie, foreshadowing some of her returning memory later on.
- Olaf says to Anna "Some people are worth melting for" while trying to keep her warm. In human terms, what he is basically saying is "Some people are worth dying for." Anna does just that a little later on for Elsa.
- Elsa sings "You'll never see me cry!" during "Let it Go". Anna's Heroic Sacrifice at the end finally makes Elsa break down.
- During the song "Fixer Upper", there's this line: "People make bad choices if they're mad or scared or stressed, but throw a little love their way and you'll bring out their best!" While it does refer to Kristoff, it also foreshadows Elsa finally gaining control of her powers after realising how much she is loved by her sister.
- When Anna is day-dreaming about finding love in "For the First Time In Forever", she acts out her fantasies before various objects around the castle. The first is a statue head of a nobleman that looks evil and sinister, the next are various paintings with peasant men that look honest and friendly. Anna finds two potential love interests: The first is Hans, a nobleman, who turns out to be evil. The second is Kristoff, a peasant, who turns out to be kind, honest, and selfless.
- If you listen closely, there are wolf howls in the background in the scene where Anna falls off her spooked horse. Presumably these are the same wolves that ambush Anna and Kristoff in the woods that night.
- "Love is an open door." At the finale, Anna remarks to Elsa how she likes the open gates (gates, doors - basically the same thing, right?). Elsa tells her that they are never closing them again. Of course, this conversation is the girls' not-so-subtle euphemism for saying "I like that we have our close relationship back," and "I'll never shut you out ever again." So, Love is an open gate, too.
- Forgot About Her Powers: When her ice palace is under attack, Elsa is still suffering from the news about freezing the kingdom, and is desperate to control her powers again. So at this point, she seems to either forget the various non-lethal ways to use her powers against Weselton's men, or hopes to avoid using her powers and risk harming anyone
- Forgotten First Meeting: Kristoff saw the troll elder curing Anna when they were kids. He even mentions witnessing it to Anna in the present, but never considers that Anna could be that same girl.
- Foolish Sibling, Responsible Sibling: Anna (impulsive and lovesick) and Elsa (stoic and duty bound), respectively. "More Than Just the Spare," the cut song that originally was going to be used in place of "For the First Time in Forever," elaborates.
- The Four Chords of Pop: "Let It Go", in the chorus.
- Fourth Date Marriage:
- Lampshaded. Neither Elsa nor Kristoff can believe that Anna became engaged to a guy she just met, with both essentially saying that she needs time to get to know him first. Protip: Doing so does make it so that if said spouse does turn out to be a gold digger or a throne chaser, you can easily break it off before such a relationship would otherwise bite you in the ass.
- Later, Kristoff's family try to convince the girl he's just met to marry him on the spur of the moment, despite the fact that neither of them is interested. They have a love epiphany later, so maybe the trolls were ahead of curve.
- The Four Loves: Played with. The "act of true love" that would save Anna is initially implied to be romantic love (Eros), but it turns out to be Anna's love for her sister (Storge) in the climax, when it is infused with unconditional, sacrificial love (Agape).
- Freeze-Frame Bonus:
- Rapunzel and Eugene are two of the guests at Elsa's coronation.
- When everybody else is panicking after Elsa accidentally reveals her powers to the public, one of the Duke of Weselton's guards (to be more specific, the beardless one) smiles and looks momentarily attracted to her.
- When Hans is talking down Elsa in her castle, you can see his eyes instinctively looking up at the chandelier when the one man is about to shoot her with a crossbow bolt.
- Literally: When Hans is about to strike the ice-infused Anna, you can see the frost forming on his blade just before it shatters.
- Freudian Excuse: "Throw a little love their way, and you'll bring out their best." In other words, if someone's best hasn't been brought out, it's because love was never "thrown their way." For example:
- Hans' villainy stems from growing up without being loved.
- Kristoff's inital misanthropy may have resulted from growing up among ice miners who treated him badly (i.e. ignoring him and leaving him behind). Of course the trolls treated Kristoff better, hence why he's warmer to them and not with humans.
- Freudian Slip: Olaf is a walking talking freudian slip on Elsa's part. In the beginning of "Let It Go", she doesn't even realize she made him, and doesn't know this until Olaf shows up during Anna's visit.
- Friendless Background: Both Anna and Elsa spent their lives raised in seclusion, and both of them had no friends growing up.
- Frothy Mugs of Water: In keeping with Disney tradition, this trope is not in play: the party guests, Hans included, are quite obviously drinking champagne, making his line "or maybe it's the party talking" in "Love is an Open Door" suddenly make a lot more sense.
- Funny Background Event:
- During Elsa's coronation, while Anna and Hans wave to each other (right before the bishop places the tiara on Elsa's head), you can see the guy sitting on Hans's left is apparently so bored by the event that he has fallen asleep and is leaning against him, gently snoring.
- When Anna and Kristoff are tossed out of Elsa's ice palace by Marshmallow, Sven is shown to have his tongue stuck to the railing of the staircase.
- Get Out: Elsa says this by conjuring up Marshmallow.
- Getting Crap Past the Radar:
- When bantering with Anna about her engagement to Hans, Kristoff starts asking her how much she knows about Hans. One of the things he asks is "foot size?" Anna quickly responds, "Foot size doesn't matter!" And you know the old joke... Upon hearing Anna, Kristoff looks a little... smug.
- A whole lot from "Fixer-Upper". The trolls insinuate that the relationship between Kristoff and Sven is not quite within "nature's laws". The line "Or that he only likes to tinkle in the woods?". Anna's reaction is "I do not need to know that". Better still, at one point, a troll draws attention to his large feet. A little on, and they scold him because "Is it the way he covers up that he's the honest goods?" Oh, man...
- Hans and many of the other party guests are quite obviously drinking champagne. Now realize that one of his lines in "Love is an Open Door" is "or maybe it's the party talking".
- "Oh, hey, do me a favor and grab my butt." Olaf's (detached) butt is wandering by at the time, but the fact that Olaf follows it up by saying something along the lines of, "Oh, much better..." once Kristoff puts Olaf's head back in place brings a whole new meaning to the innuendo.
- In his rant about how snow should be more colorful, Olaf mentions yellow right before he realizes that is a terrible color for snow.
- The reprise of "For The First Time in Forever" has Anna: "Arendelle is in deep, deep, deep, deep... snow."
- And in the original, she says, "Why have a ballroom with no balls?"
- When Anna is brought back to the castle slowly dying from a curse that she thinks can be broken by true love's kiss, the first thing she says to Hans is "Kiss me." The other people leave the room very quickly, one of them even saying "We'll leave you two alone." Expecting Intimate Healing, were they?
- Once you see them, some things can't be unseen.
- Gilded Cage: To shield Elsa's powers away from everyone else, her parents ordered to have the castle sealed off and took it upon themselves to help her control her growing magic. Elsa spent most of the time in her room. Consequently, Anna, as well as Elsa, had a very lonely childhood despite living under the same roof.
- Girlish Pigtails: Anna wears braided pigtails in every scene except those leading up to and during the coronation ball. Because it's a formal affair, she styles her hair into a more formal and grown up fashion.
- Good Hair, Evil Hair: Prince Hans represents a subtle example, with his hair parted to the left.
- Good Parents: Elsa and Anna's parents were shown to be caring and loving towards their two daughters. They frantically search for way to help Anna after the accident; their concern is clear.
- God Save Us from the Queen!: Queen Elsa is a Played With and possibly defied case. Elsa wants more than anything to be a benevolent queen but her ice powers covered the country in snow.
- Go Mad from the Isolation: Played for Laughs during the second verse of "Do You Want to Build a Snowman?", when Anna mentions that she has started talking to the paintings in the castle because of her lack of company. Takes a more serious turn when she decides to marry Hans immediately after meeting him, probably because of desperation resulting from her almost cloistered childhood. And takes a MUCH more serious turn when Elsa flees Arendelle, goes into isolation, and later forces Anna to leave her ice palace, when her sanity is at its lowest ebb in the entire film.
- Gorgeous Garment Generation: As Elsa reinvents herself as the Snow Queen, she uses her ice power to turn her restrained coronation dress into a magnificent, flowing ice-blue number.
- Graceful in Their Element: Elsa is very reserved and proper in Arendelle, but becomes far more comfortable after leaving, to the point that in "Let it Go," she's practically dancing while building her ice palace. Graceful In Her Element, indeed.
- Grim Up North: Being a Fantasy Counterpart Culture to the Nordic Countries, Arendelle is very cold but it's a Played With example — it's a pretty positive portrayal.
- Hair Decorations: Elsa has little blue snowflakes in her hair. You might need to have an eagle eye to notice them, though. As a child, she wears a blue bandanna.
- Hammerspace: Where did Hans get his sword when he's about to slice at Elsa out on the fjord? When he catches up to her, he is not wearing his sword or the scabbard to holster the sword in. We hear the shing of his sword being drawn while Anna is on screen, and when we next see Hans, he has his sword in hand but still no scabbard. This is in contrast to the attempt to capture Elsa at her ice castle, where Hans's sword and scabbard are clearly visible.
- Happily Adopted: Kristoff and Sven by the trolls. All of them are like doting parents.
- Harmony Versus Discipline: Elsa has spent her whole life trying to master her powers through Discipline, by staying in a carefully controlled environment and trying to avoid strong feelings of any kind. It turns out that they are better controlled through a selective use of Harmony - while negative emotions make them run wild, positive emotions grants perfect accuracy with them.
- Harmless Freezing: Averted.
- Elsa's powers are scary because freezing is far from harmless.
- Slipping into a winter creek wearing only a summer dress is a painful and dangerous situation. It's a good thing Anna found Wandering Oaken's Trading Post and Sauna very shortly thereafter.
- Internal freezing is slow and fatal. However, this is also a straight example because Anna is fine after being an ice sculpture, but this was not a mundane freeze, nor was it a mundane thaw.
- Played straight at the end of the movie. An entire day covered in snow does not seem to have harmed the plant life at all. Plant life that far north of the equator is probably accustomed to an occasional unseasonal freeze, but even the most delicate blossoms sprang miraculously back to full health.
- Heart in the Wrong Place Averted- when Anna's frozen heart is getting worse you can see her clutching at her chest in the right place, directly over her sternum, the same way a real person might react if they feel heart palpitations.
- He Was Right There All Along: When Hans' group approach Elsa's ice palace, there's a new pile of snow next to the staircase that we didn't see the evening before when Marshmallow was tossing Anna and Kristoff out. Turns out the pile is Marshmallow sitting down with his back to the camera.
- Held Gaze: Anna and Kristoff have more and more of these as the journey progresses.
- Heroic BSOD: Happens with Elsa twice in the film. First during the final verse of "Do You Want to Build a Snowman?" when she discovers that her parents have been killed in a storm, and then later when she believes that her sister has frozen to death after being struck by a blast of ice to the heart. On both occasions, the snow stops moving in the air as a sort of visual cue to Elsa's mental state.
- Heroic Sacrifice:
- When Anna sees Hans about to kill Elsa, she steps in front of her to stop him — just as she freezes solid, shattering Hans's sword. Making it even more of this is the fact that Anna does this instead of trying to get a kiss from Kristoff, which would save Anna's life but cost Elsa hers.
- Sven shoves Kristoff off of the cracking ice onto (more) solid ground, falling into the freezing water himself. Only played with, as he scrambles out of the water himself shortly afterwards.
- Hikikomori: Elsa and Anna spend their childhood indoors because of the former's powers. It's unintentional on Anna's part and she goes stir-crazy.
- Hollywood Law: While there are precedents for revolutionaries to charge monarchs with treason against their own countries and sentence them to death (e.g., Charles I in the English Civil War), it's hard to interpret a representative of a foreign nation judging and carrying out such a sentence as anything other than an act of war.
- There should have been a regent who would have ruled Arendelle in the three years between the King's death and Elsa's coronation, and this person, not Hans, would most likely have been put back in charge when Elsa went missing (assuming of course, said regent hasn't already passed away for whatever reason). A storyline which would have included a regent was deleted from the script — see Princesses Rule.
- Or we are to assume (see the Headscratchers page for more) that Elsa actually had completed all the legal hoops of becoming queen, but decided to have the most showy part of being coronated be delayed as long as possible by claiming to still be grieving, or that she was too busy. This wouldn't be hard to believe either, given that real life history books highlight many instances of monarchs who ascended to their throne but did not have their official coronation until years after they officially took their job.
- Hollywood Personality Disorders: Elsa displays enough traits to fit the diagnosis of borderline personality disorder: she is emotionally unstable, has a hot temper, and suffers chronic feelings of emptiness and impulsiveness. Her upbringing is also for the most part typical of those with the disorder, with the emotional invalidation she experienced ("Conceal it, don't feel it.") being one of the key driving forces of the plot.
- Hood Ornament Hottie: Spoofed. When Kristoff's sled is replaced, Sven does a pose on it similar to this trope.
- Hope Spot:
- A subtle one for the audience — during the last verse of "Do You Want To Build a Snowman", Anna asks "do you want to build a snowman" for the third time, as a desperate and ironic callback to the first two verses, which took place in her youth. The rhyme scheme and meter is such that for a few long moments, it's conceivable that Elsa might respond with "yes, I do". Instead, we get quiet sobbing from Elsa as the last few chords just hang quietly.
- Later, a Hope Spot for everyone when Anna gets a perfect opportunity for her True Love's Kiss only for Hans to make the reveal.
- How Do I Shot Web?: From the age of eight until she flees her coronation at twenty-one, virtually every time Elsa's powers have manifested, it's been an accident spurred by bad emotions. Only in "Let It Go" does she start to experiment and quickly realizes just how much control she actually has over them if she puts her mind to it.
- Humans Are Bastards: Kristoff believes this, as detailed in "Reindeer(s) Are Better Than People":
Kristoff: Reindeers are better than people / Sven, don't you think that's true?
Kristoff!!Sven: Yeah, people will beat you and curse you and cheat you./Every one of them's bad, except you [Kristoff]!
- Hurricane of Puns: During a few of the lines in "Let It Go", Elsa makes several ice/snow puns as she makes her ice palace (e.g. in the line "A kingdom of isolation, and it looks like I'm the queen," she stresses the first syllable of "isolation").
- Hypocritical Humor:
- After Anna puts her feet on the sled front, Kristoff shoos them off, asking "Seriously, were you raised in a barn?" Kristoff then spits on that part of the sled to do a quick polish.
- According to Kristoff, the trolls (who are "love experts") would disparage Anna for getting engaged to a man she just met; but when he brings her to them, they try to get them married immediately. In the trolls' defense, they don't know that the two of them just met. One troll mentions that Kristoff has been gone for awhile, so they might think that they've been going steady for awhile. Their comments about getting Anna's fiancé out of the way to fix the whole thing, on the other hand, are something different.
- I Am a Monster: Elsa thinks this of herself because of her ice powers.
- "I Am Becoming" Song: "Let it Go", sung by Elsa as she transforms herself into the Snow Queen and creates an ice castle after running away from Arendelle. It works as a I Am What I Am as well.
- I Just Want to Be Normal: Averted. Elsa is never shown to resent her abilities and just accepts they are as much a part of who she is as is being royalty or a girl; she's just afraid that someone she loves will get hurt as a result of them. The times she is shown to be happiest are when she is free to use her powers to their limit.
- I Want My Beloved to Be Happy: Elsa wants Anna to be safe/happy.
- "I Want" Song:
- "For the First Time In Forever" for Anna as it talks about the companionship (romantic and otherwise) that she craves.
- "Do You Want To Build a Snowman?" is a sadder "I Want" Song for Anna, as she just wants her beloved sister back.
- "In Summer" for Olaf describes all the things he wants to do in summer.
- Ice Palace: Elsa, the Snow Queen, lives in one of her own creation.
- An Ice Person: Elsa, obviously. There is nothing she can't do with ice except turn it off. By the end, she can do that too.
- Ice Queen: Again, Elsa, not just literally, but also figuratively: her cold demeanor is all an act to prevent herself from accidentally freezing the people she actually cares about.
- If Only You Knew: The "Oh, Anna...If only there was someone out there who loved you." line has a little of this going on when you realize that Hans only assumes that Elsa doesn't love Anna (when in truth, it's already been established multiple times that Elsa does care about Anna but her ice powers and fear of hurting others physically have made it impossible for her to properly express it). Even if he had been right, there's still Kristoff, whose existence he's been completely unaware of at the time.
- Incorruptible Pure Pureness: Olaf is literally the embodiment of childhood love and innocence. Elsa's inadvertently created him from her memories of such.
- In Name Only: Heck, the domestic title isn't even that, but international titles include the original story's name. Frozen was originally intended to be an adaptation of Hans Christian Anderson's "The Snow Queen", and then ended up a very different story after various attempts ran into trouble trying to make a film of the story. Tellingly, the end credits say that it is Inspired By "The Snow Queen", not based on it. Though a few similar concepts from the original tale are used albeit in different ways (for example, Pabbie altering Anna's memories similar to the part in the original tale where Kai's memories are removed by the Snow Queen in the original tale, as well as a main character's heart becoming frozen and starting to freeze their body).
- In Love with Love:
- Anna herself at the beginning of "For the First Time in Forever". Being lonely for so long seems to have led to a fixation with romance on her part.
- The trolls. They're considered "love experts".
- In the Style of...: "Fixer Upper" sounds a lot like the kind of songs that appeared on Fraggle Rock. Robert Lopez had initially become famous for parodying Jim Henson in Avenue Q.
- Ink-Suit Actor: Although Elsa and Anna look more like each other in general than Idina Menzel and Kristen Bell, the shapes of their eyes and mouths and the way they form facial expressions have a close resemblance to their actresses. Anna even has Kristen Bell's ever so slight lazy eye (meaning Anna suffers from a mild form of strabismus). Inverted when they were adapted to the small screen for Once Upon a Time and the actresses cast for both sisters are dead ringers for their physical appearances in the movie
- Instant Ice, Just Add Cold: Of course magic is involved, but Elsa makes it not only cold, but a foot or so of snow everywhere, because cold things look better with snow and ice.
- Instrument of Murder: While being chased by wolves, Anna drives one off by swinging Kristoff's lute at it like the lute's a baseball bat.
- It Is Pronounced Tro-PAY: People keep deliberately getting the Duke of Weselton's name wrong, pronouncing it as "Weasel-town" instead of "Wessel-ton". It's implied that they deliberately gave him this nickname because they dislike him - and at the end, notice that when Elsa decides to cut trade off with Weselton due to the Duke trying to kill her, she deliberately calls him "Weasel Town".
- The Duke of Weselton is arrogant, boastful, and quick to violence.
- Hans is manipulative, cruel and thinks nothing of breaking a girl's heart, or the rest of her body.
- Jumping Off the Slippery Slope: Elsa almost does this when she nearly kills the Duke's men, but Hans points out that she's on the brink of becoming the monster that a few xenophobes have accused her of being.
- Just Between You and Me: Hans tells Anna of his Evil Plan to leave her to freeze to death while he executes Elsa in public. This way, he will be seen as the hero who saved Arendelle from the evil Snow Queen who brought eternal winter and killed her own sister. Then, he can rule the kingdom with both sisters out of commission. It's implied he pulled this because he thought that it would break Anna and the despair would speed up the freezing process.
- Kick the Dog: The Duke of Weselton berating Hans that giving away supplies to the common folk during a disaster is "giving away tradeable goods." In case he forgot that without blankets and other stuff, many would be freezing to death. Hans's cold response suggests that he really doesn't like the Duke's way of thinking.
- The Kingdom: Arendelle, which is inspired by Norway/Scandinavia.
- Knife Outline: Elsa does this to one of Duke of Weselton's bodyguards using icicles.
- Lampshade Hanging: Invoked while Kristoff and Anna are chased by wolves:
- Lantern Jaw of Justice: Both humble nobleman Hans and rugged mountaineer Kristoff possess these and both of them are powerful and heroic men. Actually, Hans only pretends to be humble and heroic.
- Large Ham: Anna. Also Kristoff every time he's speaking "on behalf" of Sven.
- Last-Second Word Swap: From "In Summer," we have this gem:
Winter's a good time to sit close and cuddle
But put me in summer and I'll be a...
[stares at, then jumps over a puddle in front of him]
Olaf: [brightly] ... happy snowman!
- Laser-Guided Amnesia: In the prologue, after Anna is almost accidentally killed by Elsa, Grandpabbie heals her by readjusting her memories of Elsa's magic; she still remembers the events, but as just mundane winter days.
- Laser-Guided Karma:
- The Duke of Weselton loses his trade treaty, and is hit with an outright embargo, for his little attempt to have Elsa shot with arrows.
- Hans is sent home to be judged by his brothers, the very people he was hoping to prove himself superior to by usurping Arendelle. Royals throughout history have taken a dim view of family members A) trying to take shortcuts to a throne, any throne, especially without clearing it through them; and B) failing spectacularly at doing so, leaving the crowned head in question in a position to demand restitution.
- Last Note Nightmare: The reprise of "For the First Time in Forever" is shut down abruptly by Elsa's scream of "I can't!", then shifts to a minor key when the results become apparent.
- And "Do You Want to Build a Snowman" has a downer ending, listed under Hope Spot above.
- Late-Arrival Spoiler: On one version of the DVD cover, Hans is nowhere to be seen making it obvious to people watching for the first time he's not the nice guy he seems, or at least won't be the love interest.
- The "Making Frozen" documentary that aired on TV 10 months after the movie's release doesn't attempt to avoid spoiling that "the handsome prince is the bad guy."
- Laughably Evil: The Duke of Weselton is a jerkass but he's also fun to laugh at.
- Leave the Two Lovebirds Alone: When Anna comes back and asks Hans to kiss her after being accidentally struck with ice in the heart from Elsa, the other people in the room excuses themselves with "we will leave you two alone".
- Left for Dead: Hans does this to Anna by leaving her in a cold room so Elsa's ice magic can kill her. He doesn't want to have his hands dirty, you see (bludgeoning her with a fireplace poker would be simpler, but then a bloody corpse would discredit his later stories).
- Leitmotif: The five-note theme representing Elsa's magic is first heard in a major key when Elsa and Anna play as children. After the accident, the motif is transposed into minor keys for the rest of the movie until Elsa thaws the ice at the end, where it returns to a major key.
- Let no Crisis Go to Waste: Hans's original plan would have taken at least a couple years, but the Endless Winter allowed him to speed those plans up to only a couple days.
- Letting Her Hair Down: Elsa unravels her bun into a French braid and changes her outfit when she sings "Let it Go"; this signifies how she finally feels free to do what she wants with her ice powers and doesn't have to hide her emotions anymore.
- Literally Shattered Lives: Inverted, as Anna's frozen body was so cold that it broke Hans's sword.
- Literal-Minded: When Anna tells Kristoff and Olaf to wait a minute Olaf starts counting. Olaf then barges in exactly one minute later.
- Littering Is No Big Deal: Elsa throws her cape and glove into the wind after embracing her ice powers and admitting that the cold never bothered her anyway. Those two things are never seen again. She also tosses her tiara away just before the third running of the chorus, and during the post-credits stinger, Marshmallow picks it up and dons it himself.
- Little "No":
- Elsa utters a barely audible "no" when Hans tells her Anna is dead because of her.
- Anna utters one of these when she starts to see visible signs of her skin turning to ice.
- Locked into Strangeness: When they are playing as children, Elsa accidentally hits Anna in the head with a blast of her magic, and a lock of Anna's hair turns white. The white streak persists as she grows up.
- Lonely Piano Piece: "Let it Go" starts off as this, reflective of Elsa's self-imposed sorrow from isolation (the tune is the same one that plays when the King and Queen die). The percussion then builds as she realizes that this isolation is liberating for her and that she doesn't mind it.
- Lonely Rich Kid: Anna and her older sister Elsa (both royalty) used to play together all the time, but after Elsa almost kills Anna with her ice magic by accident, Elsa isolates herself from Anna to keep that from happening again. The time during "Do You Want To Build A Snowman" still has Elsa fit the age requirement. Anna spends most of this song alone and desperately trying to reconnect with her sister. It is implied that she doesn't spend as much time with her parents either, since they have to devote extra time to trying to help Elsa control her powers. After their parents die at sea in a freak storm, both girls become this even more at the ages of 15 and 18 respectively, with their only other human contact being the castle servants. Upon her official coronation as queen at 21, Elsa turns into a rich Ineffectual Loner.
- Love at First Sight: Anna falls in love with Hans immediately and agrees to marry him within hours. The pros and cons of the trope itself are explored, and as it turns out, placing love and trust in someone you don't know can have some pretty bad consequences. Ultimately, the movie ends up reconstructing the trope in the end. Anna and Kristoff kick off a relationship despite knowing each other only marginally longer than Anna knew Hans. The key difference, is that Anna and Kristoff are not marrying yet and are going to spend some time bonding and getting to know one another. The idea here is that while chemistry will definitely exist, it cannot be forced or rushed for a real relationship to bloom.
- Love Epiphany:
- With Olaf's help, Anna realizes that her true love is not Hans, but rather Kristoff.
- Kristoff is utterly in denial about his developing crush on Anna even despite Sven's efforts to turn him back around...until he sees the huge snowstorm gathering in the area where just he dropped her off, and his Always Save the Girl instincts kick in, hard.
- A non-romantic example comes when Elsa realizes that love is the key to controlling her powers.
- Love Interest Traitor: Prince Hans. He pretends to fall in Love at First Sight with Anna, but turns out to be a Gold digging Bluebeard.
- Love Theme: "Love Is An Open Door" is set up as one, but it's downplayed in that while Anna was sincere about her verses, Hans is a bad guy and was just using that time to get Anna to fall for him.
- Love Triangle: Between Anna, Hans, and Kristoff. It's downplayed (the fandom placed a lot more emphasis on it than it actually receives), but it's there. Then Hans is revealed as the villain, and Anna and Kristoff become an Official Couple. In fact, Hans and Kristoff never meet until the very end of the film.
- Love Revelation Epiphany: Olaf tells Anna that Kristoff is in love with her. This coupled with Hans's betrayal makes her realize it's mutual.
- Lyrical Dissonance: "Let It Go" has gained a reputation of being an Empowerment Anthem. While it technically is about Elsa finally accepting her powers, it's also about her choosing to live a life of isolation away from everyone else.
- Mad God: Elsa, in addition to having the power to annihilate whole nations in her wrath, also has the power to create life. She is something like a god. While certainly not mad, she's definitely neurotic; sadly, There Are No Therapists.
- Major Injury Underreaction: Twice with Olaf:
- His reaction to accidentally being split by an icicle is "Oh look at that. I've been impaled" in the most casual tone you can imagine. Being made of snow, it's a mild inconvenience, and actually amuses him, if anything.
- He's placid even while he starts melting at the end.
Olaf: Hands down, this is the best day of my life! And quite possibly the last...!
- Manipulative Bastard: Hans. He uses his nice guy act to woo Anna and try to rule the kingdom, manages to capture Elsa while still seeming like a good guy as he calmly asks her to stop the winter, and only reveals his true nature when Anna desperately needs the love she thinks he can provide. It's impressive that, despite he's a murderous bitter sociopath, he can pull off the Adorkable, Honorable Ruler and Chivalrous Knight personas flawlessly.
- Manly Man And Sensitive Guy: Kristoff is the Manly Mountain Man to Hans' gentlemanly Sensitive Guy. It turns out that Hans is actually the sinister villain, and Kristoff is actually a sensitive guy beneath his rugged exterior.
- Manly Tears:
- Kristoff's reaction to seeing Elsa's ice castle:
Kristoff: Now that's ice. I may cry.
Anna: Go ahead. I won't judge.
- Invoked by Hans in one of the moments pointed to as evidence he's The Sociopath, when he announces his marriage to Anna followed immediately by her death, without adding that he did all he could to finish her off.
- Massive Numbered Siblings: Hans has 12 brothers and he's the youngest.
- Match Cut: There's a subtle one where Anna is shown outside and everything around her changes so she's now inside.
- Meaningful Echo:
- When they were little girls, Elsa built a snowman and named him Olaf, and would manipulate his arms while telling Anna "Hi! I'm Olaf and I love warm hugs!" Years later, she recreates him as she's leaving Arendelle, but unwittingly creates an anthropomorphic version who says this as his introduction. Fitting, as Olaf is a living symbol of the loving relationship Elsa and Anna shared before things changed between them.
- Right before Olaf is introduced, Anna says, "I never knew winter could be so...beautiful," in response to the ice-covered willow vines she and Kristoff are walking through. Later, when she first gets to see Elsa, Anna compliments Elsa on her new ice dress and Elsa replies, "Thank you. I never knew what I was capable of," with the exact same tone of voice that Anna used when looking at the willow trees.
- Meaningful Name:
- Kristoff is a Slovak deviation of Christopher. Of course he's going to be a good guy. And his canon last name is 'Bjorgman' - 'Bjorg' is a feminine Nordish name meaning 'help' or 'salvation'.
- Hans. It's derivative of the name 'John', which is what Anna thinks Hans' best friend's name might be. Also, it references 'Hans Christian Andersen'. And in hindsight, he just wanted to get his 'Hans' on the country.
- Elsa is the name of a heroine from Wagner's operas, who was in love with someone whose face she could never see.
- Anna's name indicate that she's gracious and merciful.
- Meet Cute: Anna's meeting with Hans is set up as a slapstick sequence where they keep trying to stop Hans's horse from dropping Anna in the fjord water.
- Metaphorically True: The troll prophecy. While the verbal message is just a standard Self-Fulfilling Prophecy with a Prophecy Twist, he is simultaneously showing various images to go along with his words. It is later shown that "fear will be your enemy" refers to the emotion of fear in Elsa. However, he represents fear as a violent mob attacking Elsa, which is completely at odds with the intended message.
- A Minor Kidroduction: The film starts with Anna, Elsa, Kristoff, and Sven as children, followed by a small montage which shows Anna and Elsa growing up.
- Missing Steps Plan: Anna's "plan" for unfreezing Arendelle can be summed up as: 1. Find Elsa, 2. Talk to Elsa, 3. I'll put "???" here but it goes something along the lines of Elsa getting convinced to return down the mountain into Arendelle, 4. Elsa unfreezes everything! Kristoff lampshades this at one point.
- Missing Trailer Scene:
- The scene of Kristoff shouting "Now we just have to survive this blizzard!" while holding onto Olaf, to which Anna responds, "That's no blizzard! That's my sister!" which is followed by a shot of Elsa conjuring up a blast of snow on top of the mountain is absent from the film. The scene itself comes from test animation of the sequence where Anna and Kristoff dive off the cliff to escape from Marshmallow.note
- The shot of Sven dragging his butt along the ice with his front legs scrabbling frantically, but making very slow progress, also doesn't appear in the film itself. However, a similar scene does appear in the film when Sven slips while trying to climb the steps to Elsa's ice castle, forcing Kristoff to make him wait at the bottom of the steps.
- Moment Killer:
- Anna and Elsa were doing some much needed bonding during the coronation party when the Duke of Weselton, looking for a dance, interrupts. Notable in that he interrupts right when Anna has opened her mouth to speak.
- Later in the party, it seems like Elsa is ready to reveal her secret to Anna. Anna is seeking Elsa's blessing for her planned marriage to Hans, and Elsa nervously asks if they could speak alone after Anna asks to know why she won't give it. Anna kills it by insisting that anything Elsa has to say can be said in front of Hans too. Elsa's expression goes from concerned to blank, and she goes from trying to reason with Anna to flatly rejecting her plan to marry Hans.
- Moral Event Horizon: In-Universe, Hans begs Elsa not to "become the monster they think you are", as she is about to kill the two guys sent by the Duke of Weselton to shoot her, although it was still part of Hans's white knight act, and a kind Elsa was easier to handle. Elsa had never used her powers to deliberately hurt someone, and even just a few moments before she was merely trying to defend herself against the guards.
- Motif: Locked doors, warmth/cold.
- Muggle Born of Mages: Inverted. Elsa was born with ice and snow magic, while her parents and Anna don't have any kind of magical power.
- Murder By Inaction: Hans attempts this, depriving Anna of a supposedly life-saving kiss. Instead, he just leaves her to freeze to death. You could argue that he also sped up the process by extinguishing flames, but ultimately, it was a choice not to save, rather than to kill.
- My God, What Have I Done?:
- Elsa when she sees the deep freeze that has affected her kingdom, and again when she thinks she killed Anna.
- Anna gets through this when it takes Hans betraying her to realize Elsa and Kristoff were right about objecting to their engagement.
- Mystical White Hair:
- Elsa's hair is white platinum blonde due to her ice powers.
- Anna's hair is strawberry blonde to start with, but after her heart is frozen, her hair slowly turns to a silvery-white.
- Mythology Gag:
- Nature Is Not Nice: The storm at sea that kills the princesses' parents. Then the finale, with hero and villain alike all on the verge of dying from a massive cold front thanks to Elsa's powers growing out of control, is a stunning reminder of the impersonal, terrifying power of ice echoed in the middle of "Frozen Heart".
"Beautiful, powerful, dangerous, cold!
Ice has a magic, can't be controlled!
Stronger than one, stronger than ten,
Stronger than a hundred men!"
- Never Say "Die": Averted, even early on, with Kristoff warning Anna about her impulsive, untrained attempts at mountain climbing: "You're gonna kill yourself."
- Never Trust a Trailer:
- Nice Job Breaking It, Hero:
- After Elsa accidentally injures Anna, the trolls warn that she needs to learn to control her gift, lest her fear of it control her (though he doesn't tell her how to control it). Her father proceeds to make it worse by doing exactly what the trolls said not to do. Instead of teaching her to control her gift, he tells her to hide it from everyone, not only increasing her fear of her gift but undoing the progress she had already made in controlling it before the accident. However well-meaning, his failure to heed their advice is directly responsible for everything that happens after that.
- Aside from healing Anna, the trolls also remove her memories of Elsa's magic. It's not essential to the cure — they just do it "to be safe." This not only raises a host of ethical problems, but leaves Anna clueless as to why her beloved sister is suddenly ignoring her, effectively driving a wedge between the two.
- The fact that this problem was entirely caused by Anna's impulsiveness from childhood, Elsa's fate and Anna's own isolation and naivety can be laid directly at her feet.
- Elsa only learns she can create living snow golems because Olaf burst in on her and Anna after 60 seconds.
- Nice Job Fixing It, Villain: Hans tries to kill Elsa, meaning that Anna saving her would be an act of true love, thus saving Anna herself from the curse. In turn, said act also gives Elsa the inspiration she needs to realize that The Power of Love is the key to controlling her powers.
- Nice Guy: The trolls may be overbearing and inappropriate, but they mean well and love Kristoff a lot.
- Nice to the Waiter: Hans is kind and polite to a random girl that just crashed into him, even before he knows she's Princess Anna, and doesn't hesitate to offer supplies to the common people when the sudden winter starts. This only shows how good he plays his role, as it's part of his plan to look like a hero to Arendelle.
- Nightmare Fetishist: An unusual example, in Olaf's obsession with and eagerness for summer, unaware that he'll melt in heat.
- Noble Male, Roguish Male: The gentle nobleman Hans in contrast to rugged mountain man Kristoff. Inverted, as Hans' true character is Machiavellian and uses the noble ruse as a tool to usurp the throne, while Kristoff's persona was implied by the trolls to have been created to protect himself and hide his inner kindness and goodness.
- No Body Left Behind: A rare and strange non-fatal example Hans is knocked out when he breaks his sword on the newly frozen Anna's hand, but is not visible in the wide-ish angle shots afterward. However, once Elsa thaws Arendelle, he regains consciousness and reappears on the ship's deck. Maybe he slid a ways?
- No Cartoon Fish: Sven is depicted in a cartoony manner (as are the ducks and ducklings that Anna encounters in "For the First Time In Forever"), but the pickled jar of lutefisk at Wandering Oaken's Trading Post and Sauna looks very realistic.
- No Endor Holocaust: Once Elsa figures out the "undo" aspect of her powers, all the floral life affected by it is magically returned to a summertime state. Flowers exposed to the biting winter storm perk right up after the frosty wisps blow by them and whisk the snow and frost off, and the fairy tale color palette returns to the fjord (not to mention that just before, Anna turned from ice to normal, being just fine).
- No Flow in CGI: Averted as much as possible, with plenty of flowing hair and skirts. It becomes really noticeable in contrast, when Anna's dress for the coronation gets frozen stiff at the skirt when she falls into an ice-cold creek, and then she moves almost like a Stop Motion cartoon the rest of the way to Wandering Oaken's Trading Post (and Sauna).
- Non-Human Sidekick: Olaf (snowman) and Sven (reindeer) in the hero group.
- No Ontological Inertia: Played with — the Duke of Weselton operates under the assumption that killing Elsa will automatically undo her winter. Hans, on the other hand, saves her specifically because he thinks they need her alive to stop the winter. Once she makes it clear she doesn't know how to reverse it, Hans concludes killing her is the best way to try to fix everything. Fortunately, we never get the chance to find out if this would have worked or not.
- No Sell:
- Anna throws a snowball at Marshmallow. Of course it doesn't hurt him because he's made of snow, but he gets angry and attempts to attack Anna.
- Hans and the guards try to shoot arrows at Marshmallow. Since he's, you know, made of snow, it doesn't hurt him.
- No Sense of Personal Space: The trolls are all over Anna and Kristoff.
- Norse by Norsewest: Arendelle is basically Norway.
- Not What It Looks Like:
- A mild example, when Anna and Kristoff confront Elsa in her ice palace. One of the first things Elsa does upon seeing Kristoff is to ask Anna, "Who's this?" in a suspicious tone that suggests Elsa thinks Anna has found another stud to have a whirlwind courtship with.
- Anna's first meeting with Hans, as she crashes into his horse, then falls into a precariously positioned rowboat. Hans's attempt to apologize to her ends up with him falling on top of her, and then she falls on top of him.
Hans: Oh, boy! Uh...
This is awkward. Not you're
awkward, but just because we're
...I'm awkward— you're gorgeous. Wait, what?
- Odd Name Out: In a more subtle example, Kristoff is the only main character whose name is not four letters long, including even the Duke (of Weselton). It could symbolize his role as an outcast, but it's probably just a coincidence. Even Elsa calls her and Anna's parents the four-lettered "Mama" and "Papa".
- Official Couple: Kristoff and Anna enter into a relationship by the epilogue, but do not get married or engaged, because they've only known each other for a few days.
- Oh, Crap: Elsa has several of these, but her biggest one comes when she sees the ice chandelier falling towards her.
- Only Six Faces: Elsa, Anna, and their mother all have the same facial structure. However, like many other Disney animated films, the basic reason is that they're related.
- One Head Taller: Hans is a head taller than Anna.
- One Steve Limit: Played for Laughs. When Anna is introducing Kristoff and Sven to Olaf, she mistakenly thinks Olaf is gesturing to Sven when he asks "who's the funky looking donkey over there?" when he's actually referring to Kristoff. This leads him to think that Kristoff and Sven are both named "Sven" for much of the movie.
- A minor out of universe case: No, the Cantonese voice actresses of Anna and Elsa, Kandy Wong and Kitty Wong, aren't actually sisters.
- One-Winged Angel: Downplayed with Elsa's ice creature "Marshmallow". Although he's already pretty intimidating, make him mad and he'll sprout giant ice spikes that make him look like Bowser if Bowser were made of ice, before attacking.
- Opening Chorus:
- "Frozen Heart", sung by ice harvesters in the prologue.
- Technically, "Vuelie" was also this, as it was sung straight from the beginning — right when the Disney castle animation appears.
- The Outside World: Elsa and Anna both are trapped in the castle, Elsa physically out of necessity, Anna metaphorically by naiveté (she could technically leave at any time). They both emerge into the Outside World in two different ways. Anna goes on a journey searching for Elsa, who decided to Let it Go and stop holding in her powers by fleeing nto the snowy mountains.
- Overprotective Dad: Deconstructed. The King and Queen's desire to protect their children and so they isolated them away from anything that could hurt them, including each other. Because of this they are denied the life experiences that real life people need to develop. Thus, it only served to keep them from developing the skills they ended up having to learn during the course of the film. Elsa became an Ineffectual Loner who shut out her emotions from everyone, including her sister. Anna grew up very naive as to how love works, or the world or even her own kingdom, resulting in her getting engaged to a man she barely knows who turns out to be a Gold Digger and is just using Anna's naivete to marry his way into ruling Arendelle.
- Parent Service: Elsa doing her Sexy Walk in a slinky dress.
- Parental Abandonment:
- The king and queen perish in a storm at sea.
- The introduction shows Kristoff with a group of ice harvesters but by time Anna and Elsa's parents run through the woods to seek the trolls, he and Sven are on their own, and are adopted by the same trolls not long after... without any parents nor even other ice harvesters anywhere to be seen.
- Parental Marriage Veto: In this case, Older Sister Marriage Veto. Elsa doesn't approve of Anna and Hans marrying when they've only known each other for a few hours or the equivalent of one musical number.
Elsa: You can't marry a man you just met!
- Parental Neglect: Anna's parents seemingly never notice that their youngest daughter is going nuts with boredom, due to no guests being invited in the castle anymore.
- Pent Up Power Peril: Elsa has grown up fearing her powers and trying to avoid using them, which just causes the power to build up and leak out (which makes her even more afraid of losing control of her powers, so she clamps down even more, which only leads to an ever repetitive cycle). Things come to a head when she plunges the kingdom into an endless winter without meaning to. But when she stops worrying about being found out and starts using her powers deliberately, she quickly gains full control of them.
- Perpetual Storm: Elsa's Power Incontinence causes one. It gets worse when she gets agitated.
- Person of Mass Destruction: Elsa, when she loses control of her powers and unleashes an unnatural winter on her kingdom.
- Personal Raincloud: Olaf gets his own personal snow cloud at the end of the movie, although it's not for grief; it's meant to keep him alive in summer.
- Pimped Out Cape: A handful of pretty capes appear in this movie.
- Elsa's coronation cape has lots of subtle trimmings. When she becomes the Snow Queen, she makes a lovely ice cape with snowflake patterns.
- Anna gets a green cape decorated with rosemaling when she goes after Elsa. After she loses that, she gets a pink cape lined with white fur on the collar.
- Pimped-Out Dress: Anna, Elsa, and their mother wear dresses with some highly elaborate and lovely Norwegian inspired rosemaling (easy to miss at a distance). Then, once Elsa reinvents herself as the Snow Queen, she conjures herself a stunning off-the-shoulder gown complete with ethereal cape out of ice.
- Please Wake Up: Elsa, for a moment after Anna is frozen solid, before she breaks down.
- Plucky Comic Relief: Sven and Olaf. Although the trailers made them look like wacky side characters, they really are mainly there to add levity to the dramatic moments that actually drive the plot.
- Plucky Girl: Though she is dejected by her sister's distance, Anna never loses faith that she can rekindle their relationship, and by the end of the film is still the kind, if-slightly-wiser romantic that she was in the beginning.
- Plummet Perspective: Some snow falls off a cliff when Kristoff and Anna are fleeing from Marshmallow.
- Polite Villains, Rude Heroes: After Hans shows his true colors, he fits this when compared with the grumpy but selfless Kristoff. Hans is the smooth, charming, and well dressed villain, and Kristoff is the snarky, impolite, and sometimes insensitive Tritagonist of the film.
- The Pollyanna: Anna, described on the DVD case itself as "eternally optimistic".
- Poor Communication Kills:
- A lot of the film's conflict (especially regarding the glove and major argument between the two sisters) might have been avoided if Elsa or the King and Queen had just told Anna about Elsa's powers when they felt she was old enough (one gets the idea that Elsa was ordered specifically not to tell her, and it seems to be suggested that had they not been killed prematurely, they may have had a point in time where they were going to tell Anna about Elsa's powers).
- The trolls have no idea how to help Elsa gain control of her powers — only that she shouldn't let fear control her.
- The Power of Love: A big theme for the film, but it also plays around with expectations on what love is.
- Pragmatic Villainy: Hans to the extent that there's a possibility he might not make a bad ruler had he succeeded (save for anyone he felt he could throw away). He just wants that throne.
- Princesses Rule: Surprisingly averted in a Disney film. Although Anna and Elsa both make great Disney Princesses, early on in the film, Princess Elsa becomes Queen Elsa, and she is not a villain.
- Prolonged Prologue: The entire first third of the movie becomes this when Elsa brings Arendelle into an Endless Winter and the adventure truly begins.
- Psychoactive Powers: When Elsa feels agitated or fearful, her power tends to manifest as an untamed explosion of ice and snow. When she feels good about herself, it becomes much more controlled and even artistic, such as when she creates her own castle out of ice.
- Purple Is Powerful: Elsa's coronation cloak is reddish purple. Her mother wears a purple dress.
- Rage Breaking Point: When the Weselton guards attack Elsa with lethal intent, they eventually compel her to fight back, and in a Tranquil Fury way she comes dangerously close to killing them both in self-defense.
- Raised by Wolves: Kristoff was raised by trolls, and yet, he still has a better grasp of human society than sheltered Anna, as seen by his disbelief in marrying a guy she's known for hours.
- Randomly Gifted: Elsa was born with icy powers, while her sister and parents have no magical powers to speak of.
- Rant Inducing Slight: Anna says she can't take it anymore, so Elsa tells her to leave. Anna's frustration boils over and she then has at Elsa with that fateful fusillade of armor-piercing questions.
- Reality Ensues: Even though Anna is a Princess and Hans is a Prince, and they sang a whole song about falling wonderfully in love, Elsa tells them they can't get married right away no matter how infatuated they are.
- Reality Is Unrealistic: There's a reason why the sword shattering upon contact with the just-frozen Anna is listed under both Shown Their Work and Beyond the Impossible. Those unaware of the effect low temperatures have on steel will likely assume that The Power of Love (in a way, at least) was at work here.
- "The Reason You Suck" Speech:
- Rebellious Princess: The theme behind the cut song "We Know Better". Elsa is also a rebellious queen.
- Recognition Failure: The trolls instantly identify the king in the beginning, but don't recognize Princess Anna, not even as the same girl they healed before. The reason they'd identify the king on the spot is because the king's face is printed or engraved on all Arendelle currency (of the kind that would be handed to the trolls as payment). As for not recognizing Anna, it's justified: 13 years have passed and Anna has grown in height quite drastically.
- Red Herring:
- The Duke of Weselton is made to appear to be the main villain when it is actually Hans. It helps that the audience may now subconsciously think they know what to expect when Alan Tudyk (previously King Candy in Wreck-It Ralph) voices a character.
- Another red herring (within a red herring) is that "only an act of true love can thaw a frozen heart." Hans is Anna's true love, right? So all she needs is a kiss from him and she'll be saved. Or so you would think. Hans never loved Anna in the first place, and is only using her status as Princess to get into the Arendelle royal family. Anna realizes that it's Kristoff who is her true love, so Anna tries to find him for his kiss. Unfortunately, her curse freezes her solid just as Hans is about to kill Elsa, which saves Elsa from Hans's sword. This counts as "an act of true love", thus reversing the curse. (As is usual for prophecy, everybody - including the Wrong Genre Savvy audience - overlooks an equally valid interpretation of the statement.)
- The even number of human main characters is something of a meta one. A lot of fans were convinced that whichever man lost the Love Triangle and didn't end up with Anna would get a shot at happiness with Elsa instead.
- Red Oni, Blue Oni: Anna is the Red Oni to Elsa and Kristoff's Blue because she is more reckless and passionate than either of them.
- Required Secondary Powers: Immunity to cold (and even the ability to keep ice in contact with her skin fully frozen) go with Elsa's ice magic.
- Requisite Royal Regalia: In the coronation, Elsa is required to raise an orb and scepter in her bare hands while the bishop of Arendelle pronounces her queen.
- Reset Button Ending: When Elsa thaws out Arendelle, everything returns to exactly how it was before she froze everything; not only is nothing damaged by the process of being frozen and thawed again, but all of the citizens forget how terrified they were of her having magic at all.
- Rich Suitor, Poor Suitor: Hans and Kristoff. Hans is a prince, and though it's not mentioned how well Kristoff lives on his ice business, he seems to be always on the road with Sven and crashing in peoples' barns.
- Riddle for the Ages: Why was Elsa born with ice powers? How do her ice powers make clothes; are they made of snow or cloth?? The powers were going to be explained by one of the trolls, but that scene and character was removed to keep the flow of the film.
- Right Behind Me: When Anna, Kristoff and Olaf are being chased by Elsa's new pet Marshmallow:
- Right for the Wrong Reasons: Elsa at her coronation, when she forbids and disparages Anna's decision to marry someone she's known for less than a day. While Elsa comes off as brusque, temperamental and disapproving in this instance, the point she seems to be trying to make is "you haven't spent enough time with him to get an idea of what he really is, and I also don't like you, Hans, for proposing to my sister behind my back". It turns out that she was right all along.
- Royals Who Actually Do Something:
- The late King and Queen of Arendelle, their daughters, and Prince Hans of the Southern Isles — they're all royalty and do something to help others. In Hans's case, he only does the action stuff to help himself.
- This is also the first Disney movie that shows, however tangentially, a monarch having to deal with issues of diplomacy and international trade.
- Rule of Glamorous: So how can the power to manipulate ice allow Elsa to reweave her dress and make a fully functioning cape out of thin air? Simple, it's pretty.
- Rule of Symbolism: According to Paul Briggs, Olaf represents the love between Anna and Elsa.
- Rule of Three
- The Duke of Weaseltown note refers to Elsa as a monster three times: first after she knocks him over at the castle doors, again after he questions whether Anna has any powers, and finally after Hans tells him about Anna's "death".
- Elsa makes an ice surface by stomping the ground on three occasions; once during her and Anna's Minor Kidtroduction, again during "Let it Go" when she's making the ice castle, and finally during the ending, when forming the skating rink in the courtyard.
- Rule 63:
- Running Gag:
- Olaf's constant Accidental Misnaming of Kristoff as "Sven", due to Anna getting confused when making the introductions.
- Throughout the movie, people keep calling the Duke of Weselton the "Duke of Weasel Town". Even Elsa indirectly refers to him as such.
- Sadistic Choice: At the climax of the film Anna is forced to choose between running to Kristoff, where a kiss from him might save her from her freezing heart but at the cost of her sister's life. Or she can run towards Hans and stop him from killing her sister but at the cost of her own life. She chooses the latter..
- Sanity Slippage Song: Some of the lines of "Let it Go" suggest that Elsa may not be what you call 'sane'. Which is possible - she's been self-isolated ever since her parents' death.
- Savage Wolves: Anna and Kristoff are attacked by wolves at one point in their journey.
- Savvy Guy, Energetic Girl: Here we have the juxtaposition of the sensible wilderness-wise Kristoff and the naive exuberance of Anna.
- Say My Name: All over the place, but it's justified when Anna and Kristoff are shouting each other's names on the fjord because there's a blizzard blocking their vision. They need to find each other so that Kristoff can save the dying Anna with true love's kiss.
- Scenery Porn: The ice and snow effects are particularly stunning, in a film already loaded with stunning visuals.
- Second Love: After Hans's betrayal, Anna ends up with Kristoff.
- During the lyrics for "Reindeer(s) are Better Than People," Kristoff says that reindeer are better friends than people, but people smell better than reindeer — with himself being the human exception in both cases.
- "Fixer Upper" is Disney mocking their own previous portrayals of fast-winded romance.
- Kristoff and Elsa separately lampshading the idea of marrying a guy on the same day you first meet him, is similar to above, mocking early Disney movies and Fairy Tales in general.
- Sexy Walk: Elsa during "Let It Go". On the one hand, since the song is about finding self-confidence, it makes sense for the singer to strut (if comparing it to actual live performances). But strutting in a tight dress will tend to fall into this trope.
- Shaped Like Itself: "I’m never going back, The past is in the paaaasssst..."
- Shared Family Quirks: Both Anna and Elsa have a fondness for chocolate and even simultaneously do the "sniff in the air" motion when they smell it at the coronation banquet. At the same time. On a more serious note, when Anna and Elsa are grieving for their parents' death, they sit down and hug their legs close to their chest in the same way.
- Shared Universe:
- With Tangled, apparently, if you catch Rapunzel and Eugene Fitzherbert being among the coronation guests filing in during "For the First Time In Forever".
- Some have also noticed a similarity with the ship that the King and Queen sail on to the shipwreck that Ariel explores at the start of The Little Mermaid. Some fans want to say that the two ships are the same.
- Shave And A Haircut: The first two verses of "Do You Want to Build a Snowman?" start with Anna tapping this on Elsa's door.
- She Is Not My Girlfriend: Kristoff repeatedly tells the trolls that he's not in a relationship with Anna. He even manages to briefly cut off "Fixer Upper" when he tells them she is engaged to someone else, but the trolls decide that a fiancé is not a fixed thing — and by the way, they don't see no ring.
- She's Got Legs: During "Let it Go", tellingly in the line when Elsa sings about not being a good girl any more, the camera pans up her newly created dress which has a split up to the thigh on the right side.
- Shipper on Deck: The trolls heartily support Kristoff and Anna together, to the point they try to marry them on the spot.
- Ship Tease: Kristoff says "Come on, it's a palace made of ice! Ice is my life!" and is awestruck by Elsa's ice castle. You may think he'll get a chance to bond with Elsa, but no, they don't interact with each other at all. What leads him to the very Forgotten First Meeting with the sisters (as well as to his future "family") is fascination of the ice track left by Elsa's passage.
- Shoo Out the Clowns: While Olaf manages to help give some well-needed points to Anna, during the climax he is quickly blown away. Sven nearly drowns in the cracking ocean, but manages to resurface and climb onto a floating ice chunk. Both return once the danger is past.
- To Arrested Development, of all things, with the Duke of Weaseltown (WESELTON!) doing Lindsay Fünke's "chicken dance" during the ballroom scene.
- There was the unintentionally done example of Hans saying, to Anna, "We finish each other's..." and Anna replying, "Sandwiches!"
- And the Duke of Weselton shouting "She's a MONSTER!" (in regards to Elsa's powers being exposed) in the same manner that Buster Bluth cries out about his own monstrosity.
- A special mention to the names of Anna and Elsa's servants, Kai and Gerda, the names from the original story that the film is based upon.
- In the original story, Kai was jabbed by two shards of an evil magic mirror: one in his eye (making him see only ugliness in the world) and one in his heart (turning him cold and cruel). Anna is struck twice by Elsa's power — once in the head, once in the heart.
- Look closely at the truffles plate during the second verse◊ of "For the First Time In Forever" at Anna's line of "I wanna stuff some chocolate in my face!". They resemble the mountains from Sugar Rush.
- The Ice Palace, written by Norwegian author Tarjei Vesaas, tells the story of two girls, who seem to be Birds of a Feather, but the one shuts the other out, ending her life inside a vast ice construction. Coincidental parallell? Maybe, maybe not (in this book, the Ice Palace itself shuts the Elsa equivalent in, and when the rescue party arrives, everybody else is shut out; this is in deep contrast to Elsa shutting out everyone else in her life).
- Elsa's snow monster is nicknamed "Marshmallow" or "Marshmallow Man", possibly a reference to how he sometimes looks like the Stay Puft Marshmallow Man from Ghostbusters.
- Oaken uses "ja" a lot in his sentences during his one scene, kind of like how in Fargo all the small-town Minnesota characters say this like a Verbal Tic.
- Anna and Kristoff escaping from Marshmallow via rappelling down the cliff bears reference to King Kong: Marshmallow pulls them up to yell "DON'T COME BAAAAACCK!" and then Anna and Kristoff cut the rope.
- Also from Marshmallow's scenes: his initial facial expressions when he ambushes Hans's search party bear resemblance to expressions that Sully makes when scaring Boo in Monsters, Inc.
- There's a scene in the town square where two men are arguing over the correct way to stack firewood: bark up, or bark down. This refers to a heated debate in Norway (part of Scandinavia, where the film is believed to be set) that was sparked the year the movie was released, after a 12-hour TV program on firewood aired. It included 8 hours of a live fireplace, and the network received dozens of text messages complaining about how the firewood was stacked. The complaints were split evenly between people who were upset about bark facing up, and those who were complaining about bark facing down.
- Throughout the movie, people keep calling the Duke of Weselton the "Duke of Weaseltown." It could be a reference to Home on the Range where one of Alameda Slim's guys, Wesley, is mistakenly referred to "Weasley."
- During "Let It Go", Elsa stubbornly declares "Here I stand...!". A Norwegian monarch would undoubtedly be familiar with Martin Luther's (apocryphal) "Here I stand. I can do no other." declaration.
- Shout-Out Theme Naming:
- Say "Hans Kristoff Anna Sven" really fast and the theming should be apparent. Plus, Elsa's name is only one letter away from Elisa, the heroine of another Andersen tale "The Wild Swans."
- A subtle one for the name Arendelle. To the south of Norway lies the port town of Arendal.
- Shown Their Work:
- The ice harvesting techniques shown in the opening sequence are all historically accurate — and modern accurate, too, since many of the tools the ice harvesters use, like the hooks and saws they use to lift blocks of ice out of the troughs and load them on the wagon, are still used in modern ice harvesting.
- Someone spent some time studying the proper way to trim the mane on a Norwegian Fjord horse.
- When the camera tracks through Arendelle prior to the coronation, you may see a few people raising a green Maypole with two big green rings/circles, famous in Sweden during "Midsommar", an event that celebrates the summer.
- What would happen in real life if a wooden, freshly lacquered sled carrying a lit lantern and a heavy load of ice were to crash into a ravine? Why, the lantern would break, the flaming oil would set fire to the sled, and the ice wouldn't put it out, of course. Even if Kristoff just paid it off.
- Making a snow anchor is a legitimate rappelling technique — specifically here, a snow bollard. Not that it did them any good (because of Marshmallow) but they get points for trying.
- The animators travelled to the Ice Hotel in Quebec to use it as a basis for designing Elsa's ice castle interiors.
- A few of the movie's crew walked through snow in dresses. They then used this information to develop software for animating character movement through snow, in particular, Anna's attempt to trudge through ankle deep snow after her horse gets spooked.
- Regarding the Beyond the Impossible example above, those who look closely enough will observe that Anna's frozen hand is so cold that frost forms radiating outward from her hand over the blade. Any metallurgist will tell you that extremely cold steel is as brittle as sugar glass, and solid ice as thick as the frozen Anna is as hard as properly forged steel. Reality Is Unrealistic, indeed.
- The sun can be seen from the same balcony of Elsa's ice castle at both sunrise (in "Let It Go") and sunset (in "For the First Time in Forever (Reprise)"), at the correct angle for summer in Norway. Putting Arendelle at about 63 degrees north.
- While certain aspects of Sven's biology are suspect in a lot of ways (see Artistic License – Biology), he does have his summer feet. Reindeer's feet spread in summer to cope with boggy tundra, and shrink again in winter. This might explain why he slips when he tries to climb the staircase to Elsa's castle.
- Shut Up, Hannibal!: After Elsa thaws out Anna through the Power of Love, Hans rants about how impossible it is because Elsa had frozen Anna's heart. Anna gives Hans a piece of her mind (and then some) once and for all.
Anna: The only frozen heart around here is yours. (punches him in the face so hard it knocks him off the ship)
- "Shut Up" Kiss: Anna gives Kristoff one when he starts babbling.
- Sibling Yin-Yang: Anna and Elsa. They are even visually very different, with Elsa's hair in a single, lone French braid and Anna's in pigtails. Interestingly, we see a few instances of Anna attempting to imitate Elsa and failing miserably (imitating her vocal style in "For the First Time In Forever" and her attempt at royal ordering Kristoff to give her a lift).
- The trope itself is discussed in A Sister More Like Me; Anna and Elsa compare and contrast each other's personalities and they each wished the other would be more like them while growing up, but ultimately realize that they appreciate their differences and that they complement each other.
- Sidekick Song: "In Summer", sung by Olaf.
- Skewed Priorities: When Hans is distributing free cloaks and clothes to residents, the Duke of Weselton seems pretty upset that Hans is giving away tradeable goods. Hans's response is threatening the Duke with charges of treason, his way of telling the guy, "It's freezing out there and the people of Arendelle need these goods much more than your own kingdom or any other kingdom."
- Skunk Stripe: Anna has a single platinum blonde streak in her strawberry-blonde hair from Elsa accidentally striking her in the head when she is 5. To judge by what she tells Hans, she believes she was born with it due to the trolls' erasure of her memories. Later, her hair turns completely white/platinum blonde as she succumbs to Elsa's accidental curse, which hit her in her heart. It disappears after the curse breaks.
- Slapstick Knows No Gender: Anna takes just as much slapstick as Kristoff does, but not as much as Olaf.
- The Smurfette Principle: Heavily downplayed. Anna and Elsa are the only two female major characters, but they are both protagonists.
- Snow Means Cold: Played straight. When Elsa loses control of her powers in the middle of the summer, the countryside quickly turns cold and snow begins to fall.
- Snow Means Death: When the film reaches its climax, as Elsa is imprisoned, Anna is dying, and Hans reveals he was evil, the landscape turns from a relatively benign winter wonderland to wracked by a harsh snowstorm. Justified as Elsa at this point is terrified out of her mind that Anna might be dying and her emotions are directly causing the raging storm. Once Hans lies to her about Anna's death, Elsa falls so deep into despair that she no longer cares about anything, and the storm subsides.
- Snowball Fight:
- Anna lobs a snowball at Marshmallow after he is conjured by Elsa to drive her and Kristoff away from her ice castle. This only makes him mad.
- In this bumper ad, Anna hits Elsa with a palm-sized snowball when her back is turned, only Elsa's response is to conjure up a snowball the size of a basketball.
- Olaf, a friendly snowlem. He was the first snowman unknowingly created by Elsa.
- Marshmallow is a large, decidedly unfriendly version.
- Softer And Slower Cover: "Let It Go ~ありのままで~ (Heartful Version)", a R&B cover done by May J, the singer of the credits version of "Let It Go" in Japan.
- The Sociopath: Good ol' Prince Hans is an excellent actor. He was prepared to kill Elsa shortly after marrying Anna, doesn't flinch in the slightest as he prepares to allow Anna to freeze to death, and shamelessly tells several diplomats that she died in his arms as they completed their wedding vows even as he lets a few tears roll down his cheeks.
- The Southpaw:
- A close analysis of every one of Elsa's scenes shows that she almost always uses her left hand when she gestures or conjures.
- Anna appears to be left-handed as well, as shown by when she throws the snowball at Marshmallow. She also uses her right hand like a shield to block Hans' sword, as a left-hander would. However, she delivers the punch to Hans with her right (then again, she grabs him with her left first).
- Spanner in the Works:
- Olaf. With Kristoff having left the castle town at the critical point where Anna was dying, Hans's plan may very well had worked leaving him with technically clean hands. However, there was no way he could have planned for Olaf making his way to the castle - and helping Anna warm up and get to Elsa.
- Elsa denies Anna's marriage to Hans. This delayed his plans and gave Anna a lesson in trusting people so quickly while at the same time showing her The Power of Love.
- Spiritual Successor:
- To Tangled, from title to character design to setting. This led many to believe it was just going to be Tangled IN SNOW before the film proved them very wrong.
- The title is even worse in Chinese: only one character from the four-character title is changed, from "Tale of magical hair" to "Tale of magical snow" (or, slightly less obviously, "Tale of ice and snow" in some regions). Tangled's Chinese name was originally a pun on the translation for another Disney film, and it's lost on Frozen.
- The same applies to the Vietnamese titles — "The Cloud-Haired Princess" (fancy term for someone with long, luxurious hair), and "The Ice Queen".
- And the Swedish titles, "Trassel" and "Frost", or "Tangle" and, well, "Frost". Both are one-word titles resembling the English titles.
- Stealth Pun:
- From the lyric "A kingdom of isolation / and it looks like I'm the Queen" from the song "Let it Go", Elsa stresses the first syllable in "isolation" a little longer so that for a while it sounds like "A kingdom of iceolation".
- A great Woolseyism in the Finnish translation: "Let it go" is translated as "Taakse jää", meaning something like "It stays behind". "Jää" here is a form of the verb 'to stay'…but there's also a noun "jää", which means ice. Plus, "Taakse" can also be considered a command form of "back", so the phrase could be translated as something like "Stay back, ice", fitting with how Elsa wants to control her powers.
- During "For the First Time In Forever," there's the line "Tonight imagine me gown and all / Fetchingly draped against the wall..." (this said while Anna has wrapped herself in the drapes)
- In the Czech dub, Anna doesn't ask Elsa at the ball, why she is shutting the world out, but rather why she is so cold (chladna) to the world.
- Anna briefly holds 3 ducklings. 3 is an odd number. Anna is the odd duck out.
- Olaf mistakenly calls Kristoff "Sven"—he was referring to Kristoff with a pet name.
- The Stinger: Marshmallow finds the tiara that Elsa threw away and puts it on, and his angry spikes retract.
- Stock Sound Effect: Baby Kate Cry
- Storming the Castle: Hans and a raid of soldiers invade Elsa's ice castle.
- Subverted Rhyme Every Occasion:
Olaf: Winter's a good time to stay in and cuddle
But put me in summer and I'll be a...
[Olaf approaches a puddle, thinks for a moment, then jumps right over it, instead belting out.....]
- Played with in the second verse of "Let it Go."
Here I stand
And here I'll stay.
Let the storm rage on...
(At this point, one expects her to say "The cold never bothered me anyway," like is done in verses 1 and 3, but Elsa goes straight into the bridge.)
- Subverted by the Last-Second Word Swap in the reprise of "For the First Time in Forever", where Anna sings that Arendelle is in "deep, deep, deep, deep... snow..." which does rhyme with the previous line, "There's something you don't know."
- Sugar and Ice Personality: Elsa has one of these. Her ice powers have totally isolated her and caused her to live in fear.
- Taken for Granite: The final effect of Elsa's magic striking Anna's heart is that Anna's entire body turns to ice from the inside out in the course of a few moments.
- Taking the Bullet: When Anna sees Hans about to kill Elsa, she tries to intercept his sword. Her body turns to ice just before the sword touches her, causing the sword to shatter.
- Taking You with Me: When Hans cuts Marshmallow's leg off and Marshmallow falls into the gorge, Marshmallow tries dragging Hans down with him, but Hans manages to grab hold of the icy staircase and get helped up by the soldiers.
- Tap on the Head Elsa gets one of these from a falling ice-chandelier, of all things (carefully dealt by Hans, though nobody realizes at the time). She's unconscious for what must be a few hours, but recovers very quickly after a few seconds of blurred vision.
- She inadvertently does the same to Hans in the climax via throwing him backwards with a magical shockwave- though he's only out for a few minutes and is visibly groggy afterwards.
- Teens Are Short: Anna is 18 years old, and someone calculated that she's about five feet tall. Elsa is 21 years old and stands at about maybe 5'5", but when we see her at eighteen◊, she doesn't seem to have her adult height yet.
- Tempting Fate:
- Terrible Trio: The Duke of Weselton and his two nameless guards.
- Terrified of Germs: Referenced, but it turns out to be averted. Anna assumed that Elsa's use of gloves resulted from a phobia of some kind.
- That Wasn't a Request: Anna tries her hand at royal ordering to get Kristoff to help her... and falls flat.
Anna: I want you to take me up the North Mountain.
Kristoff: I don't take people places.
Anna: Let me rephrase that. [throws a sack at Kristoff containing his supplies] Take me up the North Mountain...please.
- That Man Is Dead: In "Let it Go", it's clear Elsa feels this way regarding the persona she adopted while in the castle. Her complete visual transformation from 'Queen of Arendelle' to 'Ice Sorceress' really hammers this point home.
- That's What I Call X: Kristoff's reaction to seeing Elsa's Ice Palace for the first time is "Now that's ice. I might cry." Anna tells him, "Go ahead. I won't judge."
- They Died Because of You: During the climax, Hans tells Elsa that she killed Anna. He's lying in that Anna's not dead at that point (though possibly he believes she is), but she does freeze into solid ice a few moments later because of Elsa's magic.
- Thinking Out Loud:
- Kristoff likes to "speak for" his reindeer companion, Sven. Though Sven "agrees" with what's said, it's more so Kristoff can just tell us what he's already thinking. The funny thing is that "Sven" always "wins" the arguments.
- Olaf does this to a lesser extent. This can be heard happening when Anna and Kristoff first meet him. Also, when Anna hesitates before knocking on Elsa's front door, he says, “Knock? Just knock. Why isn’t she knocking? Do you think she knows how to knock?” which comes off sounding like he's saying what he's thinking.
- Thirteen Is Unlucky:
- Elsa is the thirteenth Disney Princess and gets a much rawer deal than any of them. It's downplayed as Elsa is the first Disney queen while Anna is the princess.
- Hans is the youngest of thirteen sons and turns out to be the main villain.
- Elsa and Anna are shut in for thirteen years.
- This Cannot Be!: After Elsa manages to finally control her powers and thaw out Anna after being frozen through the Power of Love, Hans has this very revelation when he sees them both alive and exclaims to Anna, "But she froze your heart!"
- Those Two Bad Guys: The nameless guards that work for the Duke of Weselton.
- Toilet Humor: Not blatantly but is still there:
- Anna mentioning if she's elated or gassy during "For the First Time In Forever".
- Olaf mentions yellow snow when he comes across Anna and Kristoff in the woods.
- The "Fixer Upper" sequence has two:
- Tongue on the Flagpole: In the teaser trailer, Sven gets his tongue stuck on a frozen lake during a quarrel with Olaf over a carrot. In the film proper, he does manage to get his tongue stuck to the rail of Elsa's ice staircase while Anna and Kristoff are inside talking to Elsa.
- Trademark Favorite Food:
- Anna and Elsa have a sweet bonding moment when they simultaneously smell out their favorite sweet, chocolate, complete with synchronized motions. It shows that the two still have a bond in spite of the isolation from each other.
- Sven loves carrots, to the point where he tries at least three times to steal Olaf's nose, and tries to steal Kristoff's half of the carrot.
- A Tragedy of Impulsiveness:
- The film as a whole is this. Anna's recklessness as a child, while Elsa pleads with her to slow down when using her powers is what led to the accident; this in turn causes Elsa to have to hide herself and her magic, but Anna was so young at the time that she cannot be held responsible for this. Anna does it again when pressuring Elsa into giving her an answer about why she's been cut out of her life, in public, acknowledging afterwards that she could have waited for a better time or not been so forceful about it. Hans being in a prime position to usurp the throne is also the result of her trusting a complete stranger just because they had a nice evening at the ball.
- On a smaller scale; after Marshmallow throws everyone out of Elsa's castle, Marshmallow is going to just leave them alone, until Anna lobs a snowball at him.
- Tragic Dream: Defied. Being's a snowman, Olaf's dream of being out in the sun during summer would count as this. Fortunately, Elsa gives him a miniature snow cloud to let him live it out.
- Tragic Villain: Hans became a sociopath because he had never been loved, and because he had grown up being bullied by his brothers.
- Trailers Always Spoil:
- The "Elsa" trailer briefly shows a clip of Elsa saving Olaf from melting. Although you could be forgiven for thinking it's when she creates him. She actually creates him during "Let It Go".
- In the merchandise, notice how Hans is left out of the merchandise unless it's a set of the full cast, but Kristoff isn't, marking him as the male lead. Notably, Kristoff has a Mattel and Disney Store fashion doll, but Hans only has a Disney Store one. The Disney Store makes dolls of the villains, so the fact that a Hans doll is present isn't all that strange after you learn the twist.
- Trauma Conga Line: For both sisters, but Elsa in particular:
- At a young age, Elsa inadvertently almost kills Anna, which forces her to become a recluse who's afraid to show any emotion at all. She won't even let her parents give her a hug anymore, for fear of hurting them.
- Meanwhile, Anna is left to wonder why her sister and best friend in the world doesn't want anything to do with her anymore.
- Then their parents die, leaving both of them utterly alone in the world.
- After the coronation, Elsa's secret is revealed and she is forced to flee the only home she's ever known.
- Just when she thinks she can live in peace and quiet, she's informed she has just doomed everyone in Arendelle, and she is powerless to stop it.
- Anna's one hope to save her, after she is left to slowly freeze to death when her sister once again accidentally hits her with ice magic, turns out to be a heartless manipulator who's only after the throne and leaves her to die. Elsa survives an assassination attempt, only to be imprisoned instead.
- She gives up the will to live when she thinks her sister died because of her, only to be saved by Anna freezing to death.
- Traveling at the Speed of Plot:
- Elsa takes apparently no more than a couple of hours to get from Arendelle up to the top of the North Mountain on foot to sing "Let It Go" and build her ice palace. It takes about a day and a half to two days for Anna to travel up the North Mountain to Elsa's ice palace, first by horse, then by foot, then by Kristoff's sled, then by foot the rest of the way. In Anna's case, this could be explained as being that in traveling from Arendelle to Wandering Oaken's Trading Post & Sauna, Anna was traveling away from the North Mountain and she had no idea where to look for Elsa until she overheard the remarks between Oaken and Kristoff. It appears to take Hans and the Arendelle soldiers roughly thirteen to eighteen hours to travel from the castle in Arendelle to the ice palace on horseback since they appear to leave in the early afternoon and are seen arriving at the ice palace just as dawn is breaking.
- Anna and Kristoff are returning to Arendelle from the trolls' place on Sven. As they leave the trolls' place, dawn is breaking on the horizon. Simultaneously, this is when Hans's team gets to Elsa's ice palace. They subdue and capture Elsa after knocking her out, and they've already gotten her back to Arendelle and locked her in a dungeon cell by the time Kristoff gets Anna back to the castle.
- Triumphant Reprise:
- "Eatnemen Vuelie", the chorale at the beginning of the movie, is sung again, this time with instrumental accompaniment, when Anna's Heroic Sacrifice breaks her curse and Elsa channels her love for her sister to thaw her Endless Winter and restore summer.
- The "Epilogue" track, which is a reprise of "For The First Time in Forever" and "Do You Wanna Build a Snowman". For the first time in forever, Anna finally has the bond with her sister she had been seeking for years. Note that they're skating together with Olaf, just like in their introduction.
- "For the First Time in Forever (reprise)" starts off as a Triumphant Reprise, but ends up becoming a Dark Reprise about halfway through.
- Troubled, but Cute: Elsa is a lovely young lady and isolates herself because of her fear of her powers.
- Truck Driver's Gear Change: Some of the songs contain gear changes that are very noticeable.
- "For the First Time In Forever" starts in F major and goes up a half step on each verse. It's predecessor "More Than Just the Spare" was written the same way.
- "Love is an Open Door" ends a full step up from the key it starts in.
- "In Summer" ends a full key up from where it begins.
- True Blue Femininity: Anna and Elsa both wear dresses that are mainly blue, although Anna's other outfits incorporate a lot of green because she is both feminine and significantly cheerier than her sister. Meanwhile, Elsa's costumes all include some form of blue: her sky-blue ice dress, the blue dresses she wears as a child, her teal coronation dress and cyan colored gloves.
- True Love's Kiss: Played with to a great extent. Anna thinks that a kiss from Hans will break the spell, but she's wrong; Hans doesn't love her. Kristoff and Anna realize that they're in love with each other, but we never get to see if their kiss will work. The act of true love that breaks Anna's curse is not a kiss, but rather her own Heroic Sacrifice to protect Elsa. Interestingly enough, the idea of the cure even being a kiss at all was purely thanks to the trolls interpreting it as such in the heat of the moment (see Wrong Genre Savvy below).
- Unknown Rival: Kristoff and Hans are both in the running for Anna. Kristoff isn't really aware he likes Anna until later, Hans doesn't even know Kristoff exists, and neither even are in the same place at the same time until the plot is resolved.
- Unusually Uninteresting Sight:
- During "For the First Time In Forever," Princess Anna - who has undoubtedly been seen at least occasionally - dancing and singing her way down the railing of the road to the castle with the visitors taking no notice of her.
- Unwanted Assistance: Kristoff's response to "Fixer Upper." He doesn't want his family's "help" impressing Anna because all they do is talk about his flaws. Also, and far more importantly, it's preventing them from examining Anna and determining what Elsa's magic blast did to her.
- Uptown Girl: Princess Anna and ice seller Kristoff. Not surprising for a Disney Animated film.
- Villain Has a Point: "Don't be the monster they fear you are!"
- Villainous Breakdown:
- The Duke of Weselton has a very minor one when, as he is forced to return home to Weselton in disgrace; he insists that he is the victim of fear. Not only is Elsa having all trade with his country cut off due to his blatant act of attempted regicide, but Elsa has ordered that his name be pronounced on the decree as "Weasel Town" just because she knows it will royally piss him off even further.
- Hans has a blink-and-miss shot where he argues with the Duke of Weselton that he will protect Arendelle from treason. He looks much angrier than he should be in that scene, hinting at the cruelty boiling under the calm surface, but to the viewer it's meant to come across as him standing firmly behind Anna, or alternatively, he personally disagrees with the Duke's idea that giving away supplies in an emergency like this is "giving away tradeable goods," and the Duke is clearly unaware that without blankets and cloaks and whatnot, many would be freezing to death..
- Villainous Valour:
- Despite Elsa's vast powers, the Duke of Weselton's guards are willing to attack her armed only with crossbows. They hold their own for a surprisingly long time and if it wasn't for Hans, the guy pinned to the wall could've had a fatal shot lined up for her forehead.
- Hans gets past Marshmallow by slicing off his leg, and goes to rescue the soldiers.
- Villain Song: Played with, greatly.
- Averted; while "Let it Go" certainly has the beat and feel of a villain song, it doesn't qualify because Elsa is an Anti-Hero/Villain Deuteragonist. The writers realized the song was too positive for a villain, and Elsa was entirely justified in how she felt to that point; she also hadn't hurt anyone, and was deliberately isolating herself to prevent harm.
- "Love is an Open Door" can be seen as a Villain Song when you view it as Hans trying to manipulate Anna's feelings for him so as to become de facto leader of Arendelle. Anna's love is an "open door" for Hans to get what he wants. It's not a true example either because at first glance it's a love song and in any case it's a duet with Anna. According to Word of God, "Love Is An Open Door" is indeed supposed to be a straight up Villain Song, disguised as a romantic duet.
- The Frozen OST contains an outtake called "You're You", which implies more of Hans's ulterior motives than "Love is an Open Door" does.
- Villain with Good Publicity: Hans, even towards the viewer. No one knows about his usurpation plan and instead view him as The Wise Prince.
- Villains Never Lie: After his reveal as Evil All Along, Hans is generally honest with Elsa and Anna, although he lies plenty to other people (like telling the councilors that he and Anna exchanged marriage vows "before she died in my arms"). He tells Anna the truth about his brothers, and he's speaking truthfully when he tells Elsa that Anna returned from North Mountain suffering from an icy curse which Elsa inflicted; and even when he tells her that Anna is dead, he doesn't realize that it's a lie because she was on the brink when he last saw her..
- Visual Pun:
- In "For the First Time In Forever," the second verse starts "Tonight imagine me, gown and all/fetchingly draped against the wall", as Anna approaches a nearby drape, twirls, wraps herself up in it, and then dramatically leans against the column, and hits herself with the drawstring.
- As Olaf once more starts to melt in the heat, he says "Hands down, this is the best day of my life..". Immediately, his left arm falls off before Elsa resurrects him. Hands down, indeed....
- Wacky Wayside Tribe: The trolls are a detour from the mountain and the plot. While trying to stop eternal winter, the pair are held up because the trolls want to wed Anna and Kristoff.
- Walk on Water: Elsa can achieve this by using her powers to freeze the water on which she steps completely solid. She makes good use of this ability during her escape from the castle after her powers are exposed, when she flees across the surrounding fjords. She doesn't stick around long enough to see the ice left behind quickly spreads to freeze the entire fjord, disrupting the water currents, and causing the air temperatures to drop and snow to start falling. Possibly a Shout-Out to Kurt Vonnegut's "Cat's Cradle" and its lethal, self-proliferating "Ice Nine".
- Walking Spoiler: Hans is a villain!
- Weather Dissonance: It's supposed to be summer in Arendelle, despite all the snow around. We are treated to a few funny reminders, such as Oaken's big summer blowout sale (and having almost nothing left in the "winter department"), him and Kristoff exchanging some words about the unusualness of "a real howler" happening on the North Mountain in July, and Olaf's fantasies about summer.
- We Could Have Avoided All This: Lampshaded when Anna says to herself, "Of course, none of this would have happened if she had just told me her secret. She's a stinker!" in response to Elsa's powers. Although if "none of this had happened," Hans wouldn't have seen fit to overplay his hand and reveal his true colors prematurely, so technically they couldn't have avoided ALL of this.
- Wham Line: Near the end, when it looks like one of the major subplots is going to be solved. It's hard not to feel the impact when what you thought was the entire point of the movie starts falling around your ears.
Hans: Oh, Anna...if only there was someone out there who loved you.
- What the Hell, Hero?:
- Both Elsa and Kristoff call Anna out for getting engaged to someone that just met, at most, an hour ago. After the guy turns out to be a lying, manipulative, power-hungry sociopath, one sees they were right for the different reasons. Even Hans mocks Anna for this when he reveals his true colors.
- Hans calls out Elsa for nearly killing Weselton's soldiers while they were defenseless.
- What Happened to the Mouse?: Since Hans is being sent back to the Southern Isles for his crimes against Arendelle, the audience has no clarity over what becomes of his horse, Sitron.
- What's Up, King Dude?: This is a plot point. The Arendelle royal family traditionally has an open door policy for its citizens, but they suspend it due to Elsa's problems. The main conflict is set in motion when the doors are reopened to celebrate Elsa's coronation. At the end, Elsa, able to control her powers, permanently reinstates the policy.
- When She Smiles: Elsa is absolutely adorable when she is smiling with childlike glee during "Let It Go", or upon finding out she's brought Olaf to life, or when trolling the Duke of Weselton by roping him into dancing with Anna.
- Why Couldn't You Be Different?: Parodied briefly; while going after Elsa in the snow, Anna briefly mutters to herself how things wouldn't be so bad if Elsa had tropical-related powers as opposed to ice-related ones.
Anna: She couldn't have had tropical powers that covered the fjord in white sand and warm...[sees the smoke coming from the chimney of Wandering Oaken's Trading Post and Sauna]....fire!
- Winter Royal Lady: Elsa and her "Snow Queen" dress. Her cold beauty is only emphasized by her ice powers.
- "World of Cardboard" Speech:
- Wrong Genre Savvy:
- Wrong Guy First: Anna falls for the gentlemanly prince at the start and spends much of the movie engaged to him. He turns out to be a jerkass and she moves on to the genuinely nice mountain man.
- You ALL Share My Story: After Anna's accident, she is healed by a bunch of trolls, who just so happen to be Kristoff's adopted parents.
- You Are in Command Now: Anna leaves Hans in charge of governing Arendelle, so that she can go look for Elsa.
- You Are Not Alone: A major theme of the movie is that no one should be forced to face their troubles alone. Be they political or supernatural in nature, you can lean on friends and family.
- You Monster!: The Duke yells that Elsa is a monster three times when he sees her ice powers. It's implied he is prejudiced against people who can use magic. Once Upon a Time suggests that the Duke of Weselton may have developed his prejudice when dating one of Anna and Elsa's aunts.
- You Need a Breath Mint: Kristoff apparently always ends up sort of smelly, according to the trolls, even though he washes himself very well. This appears to be implied by when he first meets Anna at Wandering Oaken's Trading Post & Sauna: Anna looks visibly uncomfortable and turns her head away when he gets pretty close to her while trying to grab some carrots.
- Younger and Hipper: Inverted. Kai and Gerda, who were the child-aged protagonists in the original story, are replaced by the young adult protagonists in this version. They themselves appear as a pair of middle-aged servants, and in Once Upon A Time become the names assigned to Anna and Elsa's parents.
Tropes in Frozen Fever
"Gliiide, and pivot, and gliiide, and pivot, and gliiide, and pivot..."