" In Arendelle's fair kingdom, a ruler did appear. Born with a secret power so great, alone she stayed in fear. Although the force was hidden, one day she let it go, and all the land was covered in eternal ice and snow..."
Adaptational Wimp: Mild example with Kristoff. The junior novelization gave him a slightly extended role in the battle with Hans on the icy river: after Anna's Heroic Sacrifice to save Elsa, Hans rose up and tried to kill Elsa again, only to be stopped and taken out by Kristoff. While this isn't in the movie, the ending scene does imply he was about to teach Hans a lesson before Anna stopped him and did it herself.
Kristoff has moments of it as well, especially when he falls for Anna.
Hans seems to be just as Adorkable as Anna. However it's a deliberate facade to convince Anna that they're a perfect match. In truth, he's quite the opposite.
Adult Fear: For starters, having one of your daughters born with ice/snow powers that could potentially harm anyone and bring about an endless winter with just her emotions. Then, finding her sobbing over your other daughter who is unconscious and freezing due to an accident while they were playing together. And finally, forcing to isolate both of them from themselves and the outside world.
Both Kristoff and Sven grew up with no sign of Kristoff's parents and had a dangerous job as ice harvesters. Imagine your child already having a job, because there's no sign of you.
The man you thought loved you, who you practically considered a soulmate, was using you the entire time and never cared about you for a moment.
Aloof Big Brother: Hans claims three of his older brothers pretended he didn't exist. For two whole years.
Elsa is a female example since essentially ignores Anna's existence, although the only reason she is so distant is because she is terrified of hurting her sister or someone else.
Altar the Speed: Played with and averted. Hans lies to the Queen's cabinet that he and Anna spoke their vows just before she died of a frozen heart, in order to create a false claim to the throne and arrange to have Elsa executed for treason.
Amazingly Embarrassing Parents: Kristoff's whole family, the trolls. Over half their song is asking Anna which of his flaws is turning her off from dating him, with each flaw lovingly detailed.
Ambition Is Evil: Hans, the youngest of 12 brothers, has to marry into a royal family if he wants to be a king. To this end, he creates a false persona, plots an "accident" for Elsa somewhere down the line, and leaves Anna to die when he has the chance to save her.
American Kirby Is Hardcore: Rare inversion. The American trailer gives more emphasis on the comedy and slapstick side of the film. Non-American ones, such as the Japanese and French trailers, meanwhile, gives more emphasis on the action and drama.
An Aesop: What is true love and what does it mean to love someone.
In a more darker, but realistic sense, Anna harshly finds that Hans never loved her and was just using her to get what he wanted. In other words, be very careful of who you think you might love or take it slow with relationships. After all, everyone can just be wearing a mask.
The story shows that letting people in and letting yourself 'feel' is important (i.e. love is an open door, open the gates). Elsa doesn't want the gates open, and she's used to hiding in her room. But instead of being raised to accept herself and learn to control her powers, she grows up afraid and bottles up her emotions. Which is why she revels in being on her own in her ice-castle... Ice seems to be a metaphor for detachment too, at least until the end.
Anachronism Stew: Making it very hard to determine when this film takes place. The clothes are in the style of the mid 19th century. However, all the ships in the film have sails - yet steam ships had been invented by the 1800s. Plus there are no photographs- only paintings. And Olaf's musical montage shows picnic and beach scenes in the style of the 1940s and 1950s.
In one scene, they dance the Robot, but this is semi-justified because they are imitating the clockwork automatons.
One of the paintings is of Joan of Arc. So the story has to take place after Joan of Arc lived. Other than that, the clues are rather vague.
It also mentions chocolate, which means that it has to take place after Columbus landed in America.
Generally speaking, aside from the fact that the overall aesthetic of the film is "Scandinavian", there's really very little accurate that can be said. Architecture, music, characters, practices and even folklore from Norway to Finland from the early middle ages to the early 20th century combine very tightly, and its a testament to the film's quality that even when those mixes are incredibly obvious (i.e. a prince dressed like he just stepped out of the courts of pre-WWI Europe wielding a viking longsword), nobody minds it in the slightest.
Perhaps the most notable anachronism: In "Let It Go", Elsa sings, "My soul is spiraling in frozen fractals all around." While the mathematics behind the concept of fractals can be traced to the 17th century, the term "fractal" was first coined by mathematician Benoît Mandelbrot in 1975.
Arc Symbol: Doors, both open and closed. After their accident when the princesses were children, the castle doors were ordered closed, and a closed door constantly divided Anna and Elsa. Anna is overjoyed that the doors to the castle will be open for Elsa's coronation, while Elsa wishes she could keep them closed to protect her secret. Elsa's I Am Becoming Song "Let It Go" has the lyric "Turn away and slam the door", while the duet between Anna and Hans is called "Love Is an Open Door". Hans locks Anna in the drawing room once his duplicity is revealed. And at the end, when she learns to control her powers, Elsa promises Anna that the palace doors will remain open.
Bait and Switch: The whole movie seems to run on this trope. The love interests, the villain, and the act of pure love all lead you to believe one thing and then switch it around. The trailers making it up to be more of a comedy like Tangled (which itself wasn't quite as comedic as it's trailers made it out to be) certainly didn't help.
Bilingual Bonus: The opening song "Eatnemen Vuelie" which involves the Norwegian/Danish christmas hymn "Deilig Er Jorden". Roughly translated, the lyrics are: "The Earth is delightful, God's Heaven is magnificent, the song of the souls' pilgrim journey is glorious. Through the fair kingdoms on Earth, we head for Paradise with a song."
Conspicuous Gloves: Elsa is given these as a child to keep others safe from her uncontrollable powers. During her post-coronation party, one of them is pulled off...
Conveniently an Orphan: The King and Queen, the sisters' parents, lost their lives in a storm on their way to visit a foreign kingdom by sea. Given that they were introduced at the beginning of the film, this trope is justified in order for Elsa to be crowned as the queen at a young age, an important part of the plot.
Costume Porn: As in Tangled, all of the characters' costumes, especially the royals', are detailed to the stitch.
Counterpoint Duet: "For the First Time in Forever" for Elsa and Anna, towards the end of it.
Triumphant Reprise/Dark Reprise: The lyrics of the two melodies in the reprise diverge even further into dark and light emotions than in the original, to the point where the major and minor chords actually struggle for dominance.
Crash into Hello: Anna meeting Hans. They do end up becoming engaged. Subverted. Hans is only playing her so he can get married and gain power.
Credits Gag: Before the information pertaining to Disney holding the rights to the film appears in the end credits, we get the text "Kristoff's views that all men pick and eat their boogers are his alone and do not represent the Walt Disney Company."
Crossover Shipping: Before the movie was released, fans shipped Elsa with Ralph from Disney's Wreck It Ralph, mostly thanks to a joke by Kristen Bell (voice actor of Anna). Their ship name is Ice Wrecker (or Icebreaker).
Then the fans started shipping Elsa with Jack Frost from the Rise of the Guardians; they both have white hair, pale skin, very attractive, wear blue, and possess ice/snow powers. Their ship name is Jelsa.
Curse Escape Clause: "Only an act of true love can thaw a frozen heart." The characters assume this means True Love's Kiss, but the what breaks the curse is Anna sacrificing herself for her sister. An act of love on Anna's part.
Defrosting Ice Queen: To no one's surprise, Elsa. Sort of. She has to keep her emotions and feelings in check, because if she doesn't, she loses control of her magic, and it can do terrible things to the people. The one who attempts to defrost her is not a male love interest, like the trope usually is, but her sister.
Disneyfication: As expected, the story bears little resemblance to The Snow Queen beyond a few elements. Unusually for this trope, minus the involvement of the devil it's probably a darker story than the original! Sure, Gerda and Kai had problems, but nowhere on the psychologically torturous level of what Anna and Elsa face.
Disney Queen: We see the first coronation of a princess in a Disney film.
Disney Villain Death: Subverted. Neither the Duke of Weselton nor Hans dies at all. The former loses his trade agreement and the latter returns home to be judged by his brothers.
Marshmallow "dies" when falling off a cliff, but returns in The Stinger.
Double Meaning: "Let it Go" sung in a loud, happy, and energetic way with Elsa smiling the whole time, but the lines are about how she is never going back home and doesn't care about the past. This is also the part where she makes Olaf.
"Love Is An Open Door" and "Fixer Upper" are both about romantic love but also can also be applied to the familial love between Anna and Elsa. The former song can also refer to Prince Hans' plan to use Anna's infatuation with him ("Love") as a way to gain access ("Open Door") to the throne.
At the end of the movie: Anna: "I love the open gates." Elsa: "We are never closing them again." This refers to the literal castle gates, but also to Elsa and Anna's relationship.
Earn Your Happy Ending: Elsa and Anna; after all the tragedies both sisters have been through, they really, really deserve one.
Emotional Powers: Elsa believes that her powers go out of control when she feels even the smallest bit of emotion. In reality, it was negative emotions, fear and anger, which cause her powers to go haywire, while positive emotions allow her more control. This is demonstrated with her ice palace: she constructs it beautifully while in a self affirming mood, but when her sister tells her about the curse on the kingdom, cracks start appearing and a red light appears within.
Endless Winter: Elsa put a curse on the land which causes endless winter, though she didn't intend to and was shocked when Anna told her that.
Even Evil Has Standards: The Duke of Weselton is among those who cheer when Anna punches out Hans for attempting to usurp the throne, even if he himself had tried to kill Elsa shortly before. Apparently giving out orders in secret to kill the Queen without consulting anyone else about it is okay, but usurpation is out of bounds. Also, Hans has apparently not thought of killing his brothers, though this could also fall under Pragmatic Villainy, and while no one knows what sort of a ruler he would have made if his plan succeeded, that he might have intentionally ruled well because of his desire to be a beloved King is a distinct possibility.
Evil Virtues: Can also be seen as Pragmatic Villainy in some cases. Both villains. Hans hands out supplies to the common folk and opens the palace to give them warmth and shelter and stops Elsa from killing two of the Duke's guards, even if these may all be of his plan to become a beloved King. The Duke can also feel genuine sadness for others, as shown when he hears the news of Anna's death.
Also applies to the troll's warning at the beginning of the film when he says that "Fear will be your greatest enemy." The king and queen think that he's talking about how people will fear Elsa when they find out she has powers. In reality, it's Elsa's fear of her own powers and her constant repression of them that leads to them running out of control.
Expository Hairstyle Change: During "Let It Go" Elsa undoes her hair that was in a bun before to show how free she now feels. However, it is still bound up in a long braid, indicating a second, deeper level of emotional binding.
Failsafe Failure: Elsa has no problem controlling her powers as a young toddler playing with Anna. After accidentally hitting Anna in the head, she is traumatized, and their parents lock them in the castle, where she despairs for the next decade or so. She loses control of her powers because she distanced herself from her family to avoid hurting them.
Falling Chandelier of Doom: When an arrow meant for Elsa, due to the intervention of Hans, headed towards the ice chandelier of Elsa's palace, it caused the chandelier to fall and break apart. While Elsa managed to run away from it, the ice shards from the chandelier flew in all directions upon hitting the floor, hitting her. She fell and was knocked out as a result.
Family Business: Oaken and his family run their own winter shop with a sauna.
Fanservice: Relatively light compared to many Disney films (pretty much every character in here is dressed for winter throughout), with almost no sexiness or vamping to speak of from any female character (Hans gets a bit of "adorably-awkward guy" though). But that scene in "Let It Go" when Elsa transforms to her super-ice dress and doing a power walk while pumping the hell out of those hips is pretty notable.
Fantasy Counterpart Culture: The landscape and setting of the movie is heavily based on Norway. What's more, Arendelle sounds like "Arendal", the name of a small Norwegian city, whose economy is apparently built around a port as well.
Fat and Skinny: The two servant of the Arendelle Castle: Kai (Fat) and Gerda (Skinny).
Feminist Fantasy: Very much so. It stars two strong, female protagonists and explores themes of Love in many unexpected ways. Love at First Sight is used by the villain to try to take advantage of Anna, while the act of True Love necessary to unfreeze Anna's heart is not a kiss.....but rather her willingness to sacrifice herself to protect her sister. Elsa's fear of herself made her Power Incontinence worse, while she gains full control and becomes a beloved Queen once she embraces it and her love for her family. Prince Hans is sent packing after being punched into the harbor by Anna, to face punishment from his own kingdom while Kristoff and Anna slowly take the first step towards dating.
Finishing Each Other's Sentences: In "Love is an Open Door" to show how well Anna and Hans fit together. Except Anna says "sandwiches" instead of "sentences".... And Hans' reaction foreshadows how he is tailoring himself to fit Anna's hopes for a guy to manipulate her.
Also the trolls in "Fixer Upper" where almost every other line is sung by a troll other than the line before or by the group.
First Boy Wins: Subverted. The first romantic interest isn't the one who ends up getting the girl.
Though he is the first boy shown to the audience as a love interest and the first boy to properly meet Anna this is only half right. Since the movie starts with A Minor Kidroduction of Kristoff, Sven, Elsa, and Anna this means Kristoff was the first boy introduced to the audience and was also technically the first boy to see Anna (though he didn't know who she was at the time), so this trope can be seen as being played completely straight.
Fisher Queen: The trolls warn Elsa early on that "Fear will be your enemy". As Elsa grows more afraid during the film's climax, the blizzard around her grow more fierce and dangerous. When Hans makes Elsa believe that she killed Anna, she becomes numb, prompting the storm to suddenly stop. When Anna's curse is broken by her selfless act of love, the realization of how much Anna loves her helps Elsa conquer her fears, allowing her to control her powers and restore her kingdom.
Anna and Hans- Both have been shut out by their elder sibling(s). But, while Anna wants reconnect with Elsa, Hans just wants to be better at his brothers, and doesn't appear to care about them.
Elsa and Hans- Both wear gloves to conceal something about themselves, but for vastly different reasons: Elsa hides her powers to protect her sister, Hans only wears the gloves to conceal his true nature as a power hungry Jerkass who only cares for himself.
And while Elsa does shut out Anna, she only does so because she loves her sister. And while Hans promises not to shut Anna out, his reasons are for selfish and only serve to himself.
Kristoff and Hans- Hans is the sharp dressed, well mannered noble who appears friendly and charming, but he's really an arrogant, power mad, Jerkass, who would even murder to get what he wants. Kristoff wears tattered clothes, is a grumpy ice harvester who claims to hate other people, but he's actually a sensitive, caring, brave man who would do anything for the ones he love.
Olaf and Hans- Olaf represents the bond between Elsa and Anna, but Hans symbolizes the tear in the bond between Elsa and Anna.
Sven and Hans- Sven would die for his friends to help them get what they want(like how he pushed Kristoff onto icy ground, when they were about to hit the waters, so Kristoff could go help Anna). Hans would let someone die to get what he wants (letting Anna succumb to her curse, so the blame could be on Elsa, and he would become the King.
Hans and the Duke. Both are Affably Evil and have an unshakeable confidence in their own charm. Except in Hans' case, it's completely justified.
Foreshadowing: After their parents' death, we see Elsa in her room, deep in grief, and the air is perfectly still — every snowflake is suspended in place. The same thing happens, on a much bigger scale, when she hears that Anna is dead.
During the song "Love Is An Open Door", Hans sings the line "All my life, I've been searching for my own place". We later find out that Hans only wanted to marry Anna to seize the throne.
Also, the way the song is sung has subtle hints that Hans is playing with Anna's feelings and is just leading her on, particularly when Hans sings the line about the two of them finishing each other's- only for Anna to jump in to say "sandwiches," followed by Hans' "That's what I was gonna say!" show that he's tailoring his acting to draw her in.
Hans mentions that he has twelve older brothers. This would make him the thirteenth child.
"Frozen Heart", the film's opener, has a lot of lines that pertain to the rest of the film.
Beautiful, powerful, dangerous, cold! Ice has a magic can't be controlled!
Strike for love and strike for fear!
Watch your step! Let it go!
Beware the frozen heart!
Early on, Anna said she dreamt about getting kissed by a troll. Kristoff isn't a troll, but he was raised by them.
Olaf says to Anna "Some people are worth melting for" while trying to keep her warm. In human terms, what he is basically saying is "Some people are worth dying for." Anna does just that a little later on for Elsa.
Fourth Date Marriage: Lampshaded, big time. Neither Elsa nor Kristoff can believe that Anna became engaged to a guy she just met. And ultimately subverted. Hans doesn't love Anna, he just wants to use her to become ruler of Arendelle. Anna's relationship with Kristoff, her actual love interest, averts it, as the film ends with their relationship only just beginning.
Forgotten First Meeting: Kristoff and Sven actually meet Elsa and Anna as children when the sisters came to the Valley of the Living Rock, with their patents, for the assistance from the trolls to help Anna.
Freudian Excuse: Prince Hans wants to conquer Arendelle because he wants his own Kingdom so that he can be more loved and admired than his 12 brothers to make up for the affection he never got enough of as a child being the youngest.
Of course, everything besides the fact that Hans has twelve older brothers is pure speculation.
A whole lot from that song and scene, actually. At one point, a troll tells him to take his clothes off! And scolding him for covering up "the honest goods" no less!
One of the trolls even said that he just passed a kidney stone.
When bantering with Anna about her engagement to Hans, Kristoff starts asking her exactly what she knows about the Prince (considering she just met him yesterday). One of the things he asks is "foot size?" Anna quickly responds, "Foot size doesn't matter!" The old joke is "You know what they say, big feet, big ...."
At the post coronation party, Hans can be briefly seen with what looks like champagne, or at least some kind of alcohol.
"Oh, hey, do me a favor and grab my butt." Of course, Olaf's (detached) butt did happen to be wandering by at the time...
The reprise of "For The First Time in Forever" has Anna: "Arendelle is in deep, deep, deep, deep... snow."
When Anna is brought back to the castle slowly dying from a curse that she thinks can be broken by true love's kiss the first thing she says to Hans is "Kiss me." The other people leave the room very quickly, one of them even saying "We'll leave you two alone."
During the "For the First T Ime in Forever" song, Anna frames herself against a painting similar to The Swing.
Gilded Cage: To shield Elsa's powers away from everyone else, her parents ordered to have the castle sealed off and took it upon themselves to help her control her growing magic. Elsa spent most of the time in her room. Consequently, Anna, as well as Elsa, had a very lonely childhood despite living under the same roof.
Held Gaze: Anna and Kristoff have more and more of these as they fall in love.
Heroic Sacrifice: When Anna sees Hans about to kill Elsa, she steps in front of her to stop him — just as she freezes solid, shattering Hans' sword. Making it even more of this is the fact that Anna does this instead of trying to get a kiss from Kristoff, which would save her life but cost Elsa hers.
Hikikomori: Elsa and Anna. Unintentional on Anna's part.
Anna herself at the beginning of the film. Being lonely for so long seems to have led to a fixation with romance on her part.
Ineffectual Loner: Possibly Invoked by Kristoff who states he's a loner, even though he spends a lot of time with Sven, his pet deer. Justified in Elsa's case since she considers herself a monster and doesn't want to be bothered because she's afraid that people will consider her as one... including her own sister.
Instrument of Murder: While being chased by wolves, Anna drives one off by hitting it with Kristoff's lute.
Irony: Elsa asked Anna to leave the castle if she could not stand living a place shut out from the outer world, moments after however, it was Elsa herself who fled the castle after accidentally revealing her magic in front of the guests.
It Is Pronounced Tro PAY: The Duke of Weselton insists it is pronounced "Wessel-ton" when everyone pronounces it "Weasel-town".
Jerkass Has a Point: The Duke of Weselton - Obviously EvilJerkass who clearly is only interested in diplomatic communications with Arendelle for the benefits Weselton will get out of it. However, when the fjords are frozen over, trapping him and all the other foreign diplomats in a city-state that is gradually freezing more and more, he actually is rather right that something has to be done before they freeze to death.
Just Between You and Me: Hans tells Anna of his plan to leave her to freeze to death while he executes Elsa in public. This way, he will be seen as the hero who saved Arendelle from the evil Snow Queen who brought eternal winter and killed her own sister. Then, he can rule the kingdom with both sisters out of commission.
It's implied Hans only pulled this because he thought that it would break Anna and the despair would speed up the freezing process.
Kick the Dog: The Duke of Weselton berating Hans that giving away supplies to the common folk during a disaster is "giving away tradeable goods."
The Kingdom: Arendelle, which is inspired by Norway/Scandinavia.
Knife Outline: Elsa does this to one of Duke Weselton's bodyguards using icicles.
Let no Crisis Go to Waste: Hans's original plan would have taken at least a couple years, but the Eternal Winter allowed him to speed those plans up to only a couple days.
Letting Her Hair Down: Elsa unravels her bun into a braided ponytail and changes her outfit when she sings "Let It Go"; this signifies how she finally feels free to do what she wants with her ice powers and doesn't have to hide her emotions anymore.
Little "No": Elsa utters a barely audible "no" when Hans tells her Anna is dead because of her.
Love at First Sight: Anna falls in love with Hans immediately and agrees to marry him within less of a day. The pros and cons of the trope itself are explored, and as it turns out, placing love and trust in someone you really don't know at all can have some pretty bad consequences.
Love Theme: "Love Is An Open Door" is set up as one, but it's subverted when it turns out that Hans is a bad guy and was just using that time to get Anna to fall for him.
Love Triangle: Between Anna, Hans, and Kristoff. It's downplayed (the fandom placed a lot more emphasis on it than it actually receives), but it's there. At least until Hans is revealed as the Big Bad, and Anna and Kristoff become an Official Couple.
Love Revelation Epiphany: Olaf tells Anna that Kristoff is in love with her. This coupled with Hans' betrayal makes her realize it's mutual.
Major Injury Underreaction: Olaf's reaction to accidentally being split by an icicle is "Oh, I've been impaled" in the most dull, uninterested tone you can imagine. Justified because, being made of snow, he has no nervous system and thus is unable to feel pain.
Manipulative Bastard: Hans. He uses his nice guy act to woo Anna and try to rule the kingdom, manages to capture Elsa while still seeming like a good guy as he calmly asks her to stop the winter, and only reveals his true nature when Anna desperately needs the love she thinks he can provide.
Manly Man And Sensitive Guy: Kristoff is the Manly Man to Han's Sensitive Guy. It turns out that Hans is actually the Big Bad, and Kristoff is actually a sensitive guy beneath his rugged exterior.
Manly Tears: Kristoff's reaction to seeing Elsa's ice palace:
Kristoff: Now that's ice. I may cry. Anna: Go ahead, I won't judge.
Massive Numbered Siblings: Hans has 12 brothers and he's the youngest. This is the reason he wants to rule the kingdom of Arendelle. With (even presuming no nephews and quasi-salic succession laws ruling out any nieces) 12 people in line before him for the throne of the Southern Isles, there's pretty much no chance he'll ever be king there.
Meet Cute: Anna and Hans, with a sweet little sequence where they keep trying to stop Hans' horse from letting them fall in the water. Too bad Hans probably engineered that whole thing.
A Minor Kidroduction: The film starts with Anna, Elsa, Kristoff and Sven as children, followed by a small montage which shows Anna and Elsa growing up.
Missing Trailer Scene: The scene of Kristoff shouting "Now we just have to survive this blizzard!" and Anna replying "That's no blizzard; that's my sister!" with Elsa then conjuring up a blast of snow on top of the mountain is completely absent from the film.
Muggle Born of Mages: Inverted. Elsa was born with ice and snow magic, while her parents and little sister didn't have any kind of magical power.
Early previews gave the impression that the film would be pure comedy (teasers usually focused on the wacky antics of Olaf the Snowman and Sven the reindeer, neither of whom had a great deal of screen-time), but the story itself is more a mixture of drama as well as comedy.
Also the first full trailer gave the impression that Elsa created the Endless Winteron purpose — all of her shots showed her using her powers aggressively, with an angry look on her face.
The movie's nature as a musical was also mostly-hidden, with only a single song in the preview.
Nice Job Breaking It, Hero: After Elsa accidentally injures Anna, the trolls warn that she needs to learn to control her gift, lest her fear of it control her (though notably he doesn't actually tell her how to control it). While this certainly did not help Elsa cope with what she did, her father proceeds to make it worse by doing pretty much exactly what the trolls said not to. Instead of teaching her to control her gift, he tells her to hide it from everyone, not only increasing her fear of her gift but undoing the progress she had already made in controlling it before the accident. However well-meaning, his failure to heed their advice is pretty much directly responsible for everything that happens after that.
Nice Job Fixing It, Villain: Ironically, if Hans had not saved Elsa and brought her back to the Castle his plan may have worked; Elsa and Anna would be dead and he would be king. Then again, Hans was probably being a bit Genre Savvy here, not willing to take the risk that killing Elsa wouldn't fix things, hence why he asked politely first. Also, getting Elsa killed would have seriously damaged his chances of marrying Anna anyway, given at this point he does not know Anna is dying.
He does it again by trying to kill Elsa, meaning that Anna saving her would be an act of true love, thus saving her from the curse.
Nice People: The trolls may be overbearing and inappropriate, but they mean well and love a lot.
No Flow in CGI: Averted as much as possible, with plenty of flowing hair and skirts. It becomes really noticeable in contrast, when Anna's green dress is frozen stiff at the skirt and moves almost like a stop motion cartoon.
Overprotective Parents: Deconstructed. The King and Queen's desire to protect their children only served to keep them from developing the skills they ended up having to learn during the course of the film. Elsa became an Ineffectual Loner who shut out her emotions from everyone, including her sister. Anna grew up very naive to how love works, winding up getting engaged to a man she just met who turned out to be the real Big Bad and was just using Anna's naivete to marry his way into ruling Arendelle.
Painful Transformation: Anna undergoes this as she slowly turns into solid ice after being accidentally hit in the heart by Elsa's magic.
Personal Raincloud: Olaf gets his own personal snow cloud at the end of the movie, although it's not for grief; it's meant to keep him alive in summer.
Pimped-Out Dress: Both Anna and Elsa wear a princess dress or two, though Elsa's blue dress spun from magical ice, when she becomes the Snow Queen, deserves special mention. Elsa and Anna's mother, the Queen, wears a lovely purple one in her scenes.
Plummet Perspective: Some snow falls off a cliff when Kristoff and Anna are fleeing from Marshmallow.
Poor Communication Kills: A lot of the film's conflict (especially regarding the glove and major argument between the two sisters) might have been avoided if Elsa or the King and Queen had just told Anna about Elsa's powers when they felt she was old enough (although she had no idea how Anna would react). Also, the trolls apparently also have no idea how to help Elsa gain control of her powers — only that she shouldn't let fear control her.
Portmanteau Couple Name: Kristanna (Kristoff and Anna), Elsanna (Elsa and Anna), Helsa (Hans and Elsa), and Hanna (Hans and Anna).
The Power of Love: A big theme for the film, but it also plays around with expectations on what love is.
This is what allows Elsa to finally control her powers.
Pragmatic Villainy: Hans embodies it to the extent there's a possibility he might not make a bad ruler had he succeeded. He just wants that throne.
Psychoactive Powers: When Elsa feels agitated or fearful, her power tends to manifest as an untamed explosion of ice and snow. But when she feels good about herself, it becomes much more controlled and even artistic, such as when she creates her own palace out of ice.
Red Herring: The Duke of Weselton is made to appear to be the main villain when it is actually Hans, with the Duke being a secondary villain. Probably helps that Alan Tudyk (King Candy) is voicing him.
Another red herring (within a red herring) is that "only an act of true love can thaw a frozen heart." Well, Hans is Anna's true love, right? So all we need is a kiss from him and she'll be alright. Or so you would think. Hans never loved Anna in the first place, only using her status as Princess to get into the Arendelle royal family. Anna realizes that it's Kristoff who is her true love, so Anna tries to find him for his kiss. Unfortunately, her curse freezes her solid just as Hans is about to kill Elsa, which saves Elsa from Hans' sword. This counts as "an act of true love", thus reversing the curse. Hey, nobody ever said it had to be a romantic act of true love, or even from someone else.
The even number of human main characters is something of a meta one. A lot of fans were convinced that whichever man lost the Love Triangle and didn't end up with Anna would get a shot at happiness with Elsa instead. Not quite...
Right for the Wrong Reasons: Elsa at her coronation, when she forbids and disparages Anna's decision to marry someone she's known for a day. While she's presented as brusque, temperamental and disapproving in this instance, she makes a good point. And it turns out that she was right all along.
Royals Who Actually Do Something: The former King and Queen of Arendelle, their daughters, and Hans who are a part of royalty and do something to help others. In Hans's case, he only does the action stuff to help himself.
Shared Family Quirks: Both Anna and Elsa have a fondness for chocolate and even did the "sniff in the air" motion when they smelled it. At the same time.
Shared Universe: With Tangled, apparently, considering Rapunzel and Eugene's cameo. Judging by the former's hairstyle, this movie takes place sometime after their adventure.
She Is Not My Girlfriend: Anna has to tell the trolls that she's not in a relationship with Kristoff. Anna even tells them she's engaged, but the trolls decide that a fiance is not a fixed thing and that they don't see a ring on her finger.
Shipper on Deck: The trolls heartily support Kristoff and Anna together, to the point they try to marry them on the spot.
Shoo Out the Clowns: While Olaf manages to help give some well-needed points to Anna, during the climax he is quickly blown away. Sven nearly drowns in the cracking ocean, but manages to resurface and climb onto a floating ice chunk. Both return once the danger is past, however.
Skunk Stripe: Anna has a single platinum blonde streak in her strawberry-blonde hair. It's the lingering trace of Elsa's magic accidentally hitting her head when they were very young. Later, her hair turns completely white as she succumbs to Elsa's accidental curse, which hit her in her heart. It disappears after the curse breaks.
Snowball Fight: Anna lobs a snowball at the monster conjured by Elsa to drive her and Kristoff away from her. This only makes him mad.
In this bumper ad, Anna hits Elsa with a snowball when her back is turned, only to find herself severely outmatched.
Snowlem: Olaf, a friendly snowlem. He was the first snowman unknowingly created by Elsa. Marshmallow is a large, decidedly unfriendly version.
The Sociopath: Quite likely Hans, considering how good he is at faking genuine concern and even love with not so much as a hint that he's planning to kill Elsa and doesn't care whatsoever about Anna's apparent death. To a lesser extent with the Duke of Weselton, who wants to kill Elsa in part because the winter is making Hans give away all of Arendelle's tradable goods.
Stealth Pun: From the lyric "A kingdom of isolation/ and it looks like I'm the Queen" from the song "Let It Go", Elsa stresses the first syllable in "isolation" a little longer so that for a while it sounds like "A kingdom of Ice".
The Stinger: Marshmallow finds the tiara that Elsa threw away.
Winter's a good time to stay in and cuddle But put me in summer and I'll be a — happy snowman!
Taking the Bullet: When Anna sees Hans about to kill Elsa, she tries to intercept his sword. Her body turns to ice just before the sword touches her, causing the sword to shatter.
Tempting Fate: Hans, after having tried to kill Anna and Elsa, stays behind after Elsa thaws the kingdom out to exclaim his surprise to Anna that she is still alive rather than running away. That he gets rewarded with a punch to face is letting him off way too easy.
Third Act Stupidity: Hans brings Elsa back to the castle so she can reverse what she's done, only to learn that she can't. Then he decides to go ahead with killing her anyway, despite having no guarantee that this would fix things. Also, not choosing to run away from two people you've just attempted to kill and instead making a stupid remark like "I thought your heart was frozen!" is practically begging for punishment.
Thirteen Is Unlucky: Elsa is the thirteenth Disney Princess and gets a much rawer deal than any of them. In addition, Hans is the youngest of thirteen siblings and turns out to be the main villain.
Although you could be forgiven for thinking it's when she creates him.
In the merchandise, notice how Hans is left out of the merchandise unless it's a set of the full cast, but Kristoff isn't, marking him as the male lead. Notably, Kristoff has a Mattel and Disney Store fashion doll, but Hans only has a Disney Store one. The Disney Store makes dolls of the villains, so the fact that they have a Hans doll isn't all that strange after you learn the twist.
A Tragedy of Impulsiveness: After Marshmallow throws everyone out of Elsa's castle, Marshmallow was going to just leave them alone, until Anna throws a snowball at him.
Trauma Conga Line: For both sisters, but Elsa in particular. At a young age, Elsa inadvertently almost kills Anna, which forces her to become a recluse who's afraid to show any emotion at all. She won't even let her parents give her a hug anymore, for fear of hurting them. Meanwhile, Anna is left to wonder why her sister and best friend in the world doesn't want anything to do with her anymore. Then their parents die, leaving both of them utterly alone in the world. After the coronation, Elsa's secret is revealed and she is forced to flee the only home she's ever known. Just when she thinks she can live in peace and quiet, she's informed she has just doomed everyone in Arendelle, and she is powerless to stop it. Anna's one hope to save her after she is left to slowly freeze to death when her sister once again accidentally hits her with her magic turns out to be a heartless manipulator who's only after the throne and leaves her to die. Elsa survives an assassination attempt, only to be imprisoned instead. She finally gives up the will to live when she thinks her sister died because of her, only to be saved by Anna freezing to death.And this is supposed to be a kid's movie.
True Blue Femininity: Anna and Elsa both wear dresses that are mainly blue, although Anna's other outfits incorporate a lot of green.
True Love's Kiss: Dramatically subverted multiple times. Anna thinks that a kiss from Hans will break the spell, but she's wrong; Hans doesn't love her. Kristoff and Anna realize that they're in love with each other, but we never get to see if their kiss will work. The act of true love that breaks Anna's curse is not a kiss, but rather her ownHeroic Sacrifice to protect Elsa.
Villainous Valour: Despite Elsa's vast powers, the Duke of Weselton's two guards are willing to attack her armed only with crossbows. Also, Prince Hans qualifies when he defeats Marshmallow and goes to rescue the soldiers.
Villain Song: Averted, while Elsa's song "Let it Go" certainly has the beat and feel of a villain song, it doesn't fully qualify. Hans, the true villain, does have a song but it's a duet with Anna about Love at First Sight.
"Let it Go" is still the closest thing to one, all this considered, especially since it was written as one, but ironically was the cause of Elsa's change from the actual Big Bad of the story to an Anti-Hero / VillainDeuteragonist.
"Love is an Open Door" can be seen as a Villain Song when you view it as Hans trying to manipulate Anna's feelings for him so as to become de facto leader of Arendelle.
The Frozen OST contains an outtake called "You're You", which implies more of Hans' ulterior motives than the above song.
Villain Team-Up: Subverted. Hans and the Duke of Weselton despite crossing paths remain oblivious to each other's goals until the end, though both have desired to kill Queen Elsa for different reasons.
What Happened to the Mouse?: Since Hans is being sent back to the Southern Isles for his crimes against Arendelle, the audience has no clarity over what becomes of his pet horse, Sitron.
What's Up, King Dude?: This is actually a plot point. The Arendelle royal family traditionally has an open door policy for it's citizens, but they suspended it due to Elsa's problems. The main conflict is set in motion when the doors are reopened to celebrate Elsa's coronation.