Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan is noted for deconstructing Kirk's trademark of Take a Third Option - sometimes there really is no alternative, and he's going to have to live with it (and in Star Trek: Into Darkness, which is basically a remake, to die for it. His death is temporary, true, but nobody knows it at the time).
Star Trek: The Motion Picture deconstructs the idea of Back in the Saddle, showing Kirk is incredibly rusty after being put behind a desk for a few years and, when he's given command of his ship once more, his unfamiliarity with its refit nearly kills the crew. There's also the fact that he temp-demoted the ship's real captain, Decker, who resents Kirk throughout the movie.
Sky High (2005) deconstructs The Hero and Side Kick dichotomy or in otherwise labels. It shows the insecurity of young high school students today and can lead to serious consequences like Gwen Grayson or in otherwise known as Royal Pain.
District 9 deconstructs the daylights out of the First Contact plot. The fact that the aliens landed over Johannesburg and were practically starving creates the bad conditions in the first place, but it's still fairly realistic and dark. It helps that the first half of the film is held documentary-style. It's basically Apartheid with aliens.
Also the Mighty Whitey is deconstructed as well. Wikus becomes a friend of the aliens, who are supposed to play the poor black folks in alien costumes in this movie, but he becomes everything but mighty or special. He only becomes a friend to the aliens out of self-interest and fear for his life, not sympathy for their struggle against the monstrous mean humans. He dosen't become their charismatic leader or the most badass member of their species but just another bit-player forced to run and hide from the oppressors through the rest of his life.
Steven Spielberg's Hook deconstructs Growing Up Sucks: while it's vital that Peter rediscover his inner child, a big theme of the film is that there are inherent advantages to adulthood. Peter grew up in the first place to finally fall in love, get married, and have kids; the memory of becoming a father turns out to be the happy thought that restores his ability to fly.
As in all Spielberg's movies, the relationship between father and son is important and implies bad stuff most of time.
Whip It deconstructs the Satellite Love Interest. Oliver seems like he's 100% the trope, as his character seems tailor-made to fall for Bliss and not do much else. In the end, though, it turns out he was just trying to get into Bliss' pants (he even gives away her old t-shirt to a groupie), and she later chides herself for falling for the act.
It also deconstructs The Rival and the Opposing Sports Team in the form of Iron Maven. Maven loves derby and has a big competitive streak, and she dislikes the Hurl Scouts because they don't even try to play well. When she discovers Bliss' true age, she gets mad because Bliss' parents could easily have sued the league for allowing her to play and ruined the fun for everyone. In the end, when the Scouts finally get their act together and the last bout is just a few points' difference, she compliments Bliss' skills and even asks her to teach her.
Big Bully deconstructs Bully Hunter. Davy has his bully Rosco arrested for stealing a moon rock... and years later finds out this ruined Rosco's life, when his family abandoned him to a reform school and grew up a pathetic milquetoast.
King Ralph deconstructed Rags to Royalty by showing how unprepared he is in running government, and how impossible it is for someone like him to change the traditions of the royal court.
The franchise as a whole deconstructs the Final Girl by showing how, despite having survived, Sidney's ordeal in the first film left her badly traumatized, and each successive encounter only makes it worse. She survives the murder attempts and tells her stories to the world, but now she has to fear the next dumb fuck who wants to be the next Ghostface. She becomes increasingly detached from reality out of fear for her life.
Scream 4 deconstructs Found Footage Films at the end by providing a scarily plausible reason why somebody might be filming everything during the events of a horror movie: they're behind it all, and they're making a record of their own exploits. Charlie wanted to edit the video and upload it on the internet so as to build the legend of the murder spree, while Jill wanted to keep the video for her own sick, private pleasure. Even discounting the Snuff Film legend, there are numerous cases of Real Life murderers (such as Luka Magnotta and the Dnepropetrovsk maniacs, both of whom had their "home movies" leaked online) recording their crimes for themselves.
Heartbreakers deconstructs All Men Are Perverts with style. Max and Paige make their living off conning rich men by seducing them, Paige remarking "we can't make a scumbag do anything a scumbag wouldn't do". But then when Max tries to seduce Paige's husband nice guy Jack, he says no and she has to resort to drugging him. Then the last man Max conned says he would never cheat on her again, not because he got caught but because of what he lost (her).
The Filipino film "Anak Ng Cabron" asks "What kind of man would possess the typical action hero qualities (masculine virility, mastery of his home, has no problem with violence)? The answer: a Villain Protagonist.
The film Real Steel provides a deconstruction of the Finishing Move trope. During an underground fight, Charlie gains the upper hand with his new robot Noisy Boy, putting his opponent on the ropes. Confident that he's gained the advantage, Charlie has Noisy Boy wind up for a big finishing move... giving his opponent enough time to strike Noisy Boy in the chest, knocking him to the ground and turning the tide of the match.
Streets of Fire deconstructs the Distressed Damsel plot. Cody's doing it for money, and Ellen is rescued about halfway through, the problem then becomes keeping her safe.
A Thin Line Between Love And Hate deconstructs The Casanova trope. Martin Lawrence plays Darnell, a male chauvinist ladies man who has a habit of pursuing women and then throwing them to the side when he's done with them. He actively pursues a socialite named Brandi, who has suffered this treatment from men in the past before. After managing to Defrost the Ice Queen, Darnell manages to start dating her....up until he's no longer interested because he'd rather hook up with his childhood friend. Although the movie starts off as a typically Romcom, it it goes dark from this point.
The Disney film Max Keeble's Big Move deconstructs Roaring Rampage of Revenge when he goes on this on his enemies after he finds out his family is moving. Its only later that he finds out that it's his friends who will pay for what he did.
Project X deconstructs the Wild Teen Party trope. High school seniors Thomas, Costa, and J.B. (with their other friend Dax filming everything) throw a birthday party with the intent of finally becoming popular and getting laid. It ends with Thomas being indicted on 6 different charges, Costa awaiting the results of 3 paternity tests, J.B. being declared unfit to stand trial due to being special needs, and Dax under investigation for the disappearance of his parents.
Can't Hardly Wait deconstructed several high school tropes like Amanda the popular girl note Never wanted to be popular and has spent the last 4 years without any real friends and Mike the Future Losernote Realized he had ruined his life but messes up his chance to make things right with Amanda and William. He forgets his moment of clarity the next day and continues with his path to mediocrity. William gets his revenge on him years later but by then it no longer seems deserved, just cruel and unnecessary.
Gretchen deconstructs Satellite Character with the film developing Gretchen more than Regina herself. She confesses to Cady that she's secretly miserable being Regina's friend and has to pretend to like or not like certain things to get Regina's approval. She is such an insecure mess that she is willing to put up with any amount of crap just to follow Regina (while bitterly seething throughout the whole time). At the end of the film, we learn that she has learned Cantonese to join another clique.
Regina deconstructs Alpha Bitch. She's not really mean. She just has Brutal Honesty. She truly believes everyone likes her and hates Cady for turning them against her.
It also deconstructed Mistaken for Gay in the story of why Janis and Regina became enemies. Regina became more popular and Janis felt she was being pushed out. Regina got tired of what she saw as Janis' clinginess and accused her of having a crush. This caused their friendship to unravel. Janis' "coming out" sounds so sarcastic it's hard to take serious.
The film also deconstructs Pay Evil unto Evil. After Regina humiliates and hurts Cady, she plots revenge with Janis and Damian. However, in the process Cady becomes the new Alpha Bitch, alienates her old friends and causes her love interest to break it off because of how awful she's become. Cady muses that ruining Regina's life did not make her any happier, and all she did was create a vicious Cycle of Revenge.
The Driver in Drive is a deconstruction of the Stoic hero of Seventies and Eighties action films. His heroic attempt to help his love interest by helping her husband work off his mob debts wind up making her a widow and worsening the situation for both of them. His skill at driving is barely put to use, he desperately wants to get out of his situation but his stoic nature and sheer inability to negotiate makes him unable to talk his way out, and he only just survives most of the physical altercations he gets himself into due to being quicker than his opponents. Furthermore, his stoic demeanour is slowly chipped away over the film to reveal a blind, seething rage which quickly leads to his love interest rejecting him and alienates him from his boss, who's his only other friend. He ultimately exits the film bleeding half to death, his boss dead, and neither the girl or the money to show for it.
In addition to being a general Genre Deconstruction of war films, Jarhead goes to great lengths to deconstruct the Cold Sniper trope with its portrayal of the protagonist and his closest companion. Both of them are Marine Corps STA Special Target Acquisition snipers who relish being seen as calm, calculating badasses, and they join up to fight in the First Gulf War with the idea that serving as snipers will be the perfect way to prove themselves in the field. Over the course of the film, though, they gradually realize that the onset of computerized warfare is fast on its way to making their jobs obsolete, and it slowly becomes clear to the audience that their coolheaded attitudes are just facades—at heart, they're just confused young men with a lot of pent-up aggression who want an excuse to take it out on "the enemy".
At the climax, when they finally get assigned to an assassination mission after an entire movie of waiting for one, they're denied the chance to take the shot when their superiors suddenly decide to call in an airstrike instead. The companion subsequently has a mental breakdown while he begs his commanding officer to let him fire. When the Gulf War officially ends a few hours later, the two of them realize, with detached resignation, that they passed the entire war without firing a single shot.
Death Sentence is a deconstruction of the Papa Wolf and the Vigilante Man. Nick's desire to get vengeance on the gangster who killed his son pushes him to deliberately obstruct justice and start a Cycle of Revenge that only ends up harming him and his family further.
Yakuza Graveyard: Kuroiwa appears at first to be a Cowboy Cop played to the level of parody: He'll brawl with anybody, he beats up suspects and threatens to railroad them, he drinks, and repeatedly drives his fist into his palm when frustrated, even if he's talking to his superiors. But it becomes increasingly clear that he's a very sick man, whose constant anger is probably the product of all the beatings he took as a kid (because he grew up in Manchuria, despite being pureblooded Japanese). Gets even further deconstructed as he meets and eventually bonds with a Yakuza member over their shared racial struggles, straightforwardness, and love of brawling.
The deconstructs Face of the Band by showing how much the rest of the band resents the endless focus on Cherie Curie and how Cherie herself hates all the excessive spotlight, especially since she's still a teenager. And of course in this case the person being pushed as the Face of the Band is only just the singer, while Joan Jett is the true Face hence why she kept her music career going. Bonus points for being based on fact too.
The film also deconstructs Ms. Fanservice, with the rest of the band being furious that Cherie's sex appeal is getting more publicity than their music. Again, the mental damage this leaves on Cherie is not ignored either.
Nikita deconstructed Action Girl. She isn't a badass but a reluctant killer who barely escapes every assignment.
All Girls Want Bad Boys is brutally deconstructed with Solange from Casino Royale (2006), who is married to Dimitrios and suffers through a loveless, unhappy marriage. Out of spite, she hooks up with Bond and laments to him that she had "so many chances to be happy" with "nice guys" but keeps being drawn towards bad men instead. Later in the film, her association with the man who helped orchestrate the bomb plot (Dimitrios) and the man who foiled it (Bond) is what got her tortured and killed.
Starship Troopers is a deconstruction of classic Hollywood Tactics with usually gory results. Trying to out-Zerg Rush a faction that would make the actual Zerg proud? As in sending in millions of unprotected infantry without any support whatsoever? Or, never asking for space freighters to transport the infantry on the planet around? Placing all your space ships as close as possible to each other so the enemy anti-orbital artillery can conveniently land hit after hit? Yes, all of those are done by the humans and all of those end in utter failure. The bugs on the other hand are incredibly adept when it comes to tactics in this movie series. Unlike older cases where humans are facing mindless aliens who attack en-mass, they are dealing with a well coordinated Hive Mind that knows proper tactics, has plenty of surprising and deadly tricks in reserve, and their basic mooks can take so much punishment that it takes a whole clip of ammo just to bring one down.
The Little Bill storyline in Boogie Nights was included, among other reasons, to deconstruct the male fantasy of having a pornstar girlfriend/wife. Little Bill is wracked with jealousy and feelings of powerlessness by his wife's promiscuity, culminating in his committing a double murder/suicide.
The Last Seduction deconstructs the archetypical Femme Fatale plot by illustrating exactly what kind of woman would seduce a man into committing murder, and exactly what kind of man would fall for it, to a degree that is so extreme that it verges on Black Comedy. The short version? A very, very heartless woman and a very, very stupid man.
Pitch Perfect deconstructs Character Signature Song by showing The Leader of a collegiate A Cappella group insisting on using the exact same set of songs throughout the competition, causing the judges and the audience to get tired and bored of their act. This also caused problems within the group because the members (especially The Hero) feel that they are being limited and held-back.
Man of Steel deconstructs Nigh Invulnerable by showing that those with his gift still adhere to the laws of physics. For example, when Superman and his two Kryptonian adversaries were hit by Gatling guns, they followed the laws of conservation of energy and mass, and the bullets knocked them back a distance, but they were still durable enough to come out relatively unscathed. Also, when Superman held up a falling oil derrick, he was strong enough to hold it and durable enough to not be crushed but the steel floor wasn't, thus he fell through.
It also deconstructs Invincible Hero. There's nothing stopping the villains from being invincible as well, especially since they're of the same super-powered, invincible species. Plus, put an invincible hero and an invincible villain against each other, you have a fair fight, more or less.
Henry V (the 1944 Laurence Olivier version) deconstructs Medium Blending. The first scenes are done on stage at The Globe but we see the theater's limitations. Its hard to move around because of the narrowness of the stage. The production even gets delayed because of rain (The Globe has no roof). When the play resumes, it is now on a sound stage.
Secret Relationship is deconstructed through Anakin and Padme in Revenge of the Sith. After three years of sneaking around and hiding, their relationship is starting to wear on them and they are beginning to question if their marriage (now complicated by a pregnancy) is worth it but are afraid to admit it and avoid talking about anything that makes them uncomfortable such as when the political situation starts to find its way into their home. This lack of trust eventually drives Anakin over the edge to become Darth Vader.
Ip Man takes apart Old Master with Master Hung, who is badass enough to hold his own against Ip Man and Twister, but his age caused exhaustion to settle and it eventually cost him his life.
Big Brother Instinct is deconstructed through Charles and Raven in X-Men. Despite having good intentions about being concerned about his foster sister, Charles inadvertently becomes overprotective of her and denied Raven the chance to embrace her true appearance and abilities, as well as obliviously ignore her crush on him. This led to her turn to Erik as a mentor and love interest and eventually join him in his cause against humanity.
The World of Snark trope that's been an enjoyable staple of the Marvel Cinematic Universe is facing its own deconstruction from rival-produced Deadpool and and the upcoming Suicide Squad (2016). Both films have wise-cracking comic-book characters as their protagonists, but instead of being heroes they're amoral mercenaries with personality disorders. When they take a pause during life-threatening situations with dozens of potential casualties to say or do something funny, it's used to show how sociopathic they are (but is still Played for Laughs).
The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc deconstructs the Jeanne d'Archétype. The film offers the suggestion that Jeanne could have been suffering from some mental illness that made her think she was hearing voices from God. What's more is that her exposure to the horrors of war turns her into a Broken Bird. The film also offers a Freudian Excuse for why Jeanne would want to stop the English - namely the murder and rape (yes In That Order) of her sister - and suggests she may have been using the voices as an excuse to get revenge.