John Wilkes Booth was a popular stage actor in the 1860's, playing the lead in various plays across the United States. Then he assassinated President Abraham Lincoln and was shot dead a couple weeks later. And you probably didn't know Booth was anything other than a Presidential assassin before coming here, either.
The infamous Happily Ever After version of Shakespeare's King Lear by Nahum Tate. The 1681 rewrite (which Tate boasted "rectifies what was wanting in the Regularity and Probability of the Tale") ends with the good guys surviving, Lear regaining his throne, and Edgar and Cordelia marrying. It proved so popular with Restoration audiences (who hated Shakespeare's Kill 'em AllDowner Ending - purely his own invention and diverging drastically from his source material, the Historia Regum Britanniae, in which the legendary king's story has a cheerful conclusion) that it completely eclipsed Shakespeare's King Lear for the next 150 years, enjoying hundreds of productions, while the original Lear languished in obscurity and went all but unperformed. In the 1830s reverent fans of the Bard began to restore Shakespeare's original ending to performances, and the Tate version gradually fell out of favor, increasingly derided by Victorian critics as sentimental and trite. Since the start of the twentieth century, the Tate play has only been revived a few times, and then only as a quaint historical curiosity. It's mostly remembered today as one of the earliest and oddest examples of Disneyfication.
Vaudeville (a series of unrelated acts, such as musicians, dancers, comedians, trained animals, magicians or acrobats), was one of the most popular types of entertainment in America for several decades between the 1880s and the 1930s. It waned due to the arrival of radio and the Rise of the Talkies, and is today remembered mainly for having been the breeding ground for many of the talents of The Golden Age of Hollywood.
Same applies to its British cousin, the music hall, where performers typically mixed comedy and musical performances, along with dancers, trampoline acts and other performers. Rightly or wrongly, musical hall is often associated with lewd humor and broad patriotism (the phrase "jingo" originates from a Victorian-era ditty). Once England's predominant source of middlebrow entertainment, music hall's popularity waned in the 1920s and '30s with the rise of more sophisticated comedy and musical acts (not to mention film and television), though remnants lingered into the '60s. Its legacy is mixed, remembered either nostalgically for its influence on British culture, or as an anachronistic remnant of Britain's imperial past (as in John Osborne's The Entertainer).
Minstrel Shows were some of the most popular forms of entertainment in the 19th and early 20th centuries, being viewed as good, clean, light comedy. They were also very culturally significant as one of the first uniquely American forms of artistic expression. As times changed, however, the nasty racial undertones that lay at the core of the genre fundamentally discredited it. Today, it is only used in period works as a way to highlight the Values Dissonance of the era. A notable turning point was in White Christmas, the 1954 remake of sorts of 1942's Holiday Inn. Like Holiday Inn, White Christmas had a minstrel-show number; unlike Holiday Inn, the performers wore tuxedoes, top hats, and gloves, but not black makeup.
Blackface, within minstrel shows and for any other reason, is now extremely taboo in much of the Western world and is used only for historical reasons, irony, or to make a statement about racism. However, this is not the case for some countries that the trope spread to, where it's detached from race relations. One of the most notable examples is Japan, where many people don't understand why it's so offensive and it still has influence on popular culture, leading to many a Cross-Cultural Kerfluffle.
While the concept of the classic Las Vegas showgirl, with her Showgirl Skirt and feathered headdress, remains iconic in the city and depictions of it in pop culture, the actual Vegas showgirl revue is dead. Inspired by European cabaret revues, lavishly-designed shows like Folies Bergere and Lido de Paris ran for decades starting in The Fifties, alternating parades of scantily clad beauties with variety acts. Successors like Splash and Enter the Night simply updated the aesthetics to what was then The Present Day — Goddess, the fictional production in the movie Showgirls, is inspired by those shows.
The format was hit by two different kinds of competition from The '80s onwards. First, strip clubs lured away guys who came to showgirl revues strictly for the babes. Second, audiences looking for spectacle were captivated by other genres. Stage magicians Siegfried & Roy rose from the ranks of revues to headline Beyond Belief in 1981, and their 1989 self-titled show at the Mirage Hotel and Casino was the show to see in Vegas up until Roy's Career-Ending Injury in 2003. When sister hotel/casino Treasure Island unveiled Cirque du Soleil's Mystère, a show which had spectacle, daring feats, and strong artistic vision (mind-screwy though it was) and characterizations tying it all together in 1993, revues were doomed. As additional Cirque shows and other performance art productions moved into town at the Turn of the Millennium, the "classic Vegas revue" format was recognized as dated, unsexy, and unintentionally campy. Only Jubilee!, which opened in 1981, made it into The New Tens, scraping by on nostalgia and foreign tourists, and in the wake of a disastrously-received We're Still Relevant, Dammit retool shut down in 2016.
Touring ice skating revues. Dating back to the 1930s, such shows as Holiday on Ice, Ice Follies and Ice Capades featured glitteringly-costumed ice dancers, stunt skaters, comedy/novelty acts, Olympic champions, and costumed characters from kid-friendly franchises. With a new "edition" each year, they became as much of a family entertainment tradition as touring circuses, but by the end of The '70sHoliday on Ice absorbed Ice Follies, and stopped touring the U.S. by the mid-'80s (it still exists in Europe to this day). Ice Capades hung on into The '90s but fell apart by decade's end, owing to the rise of the extra-kid-friendly rival franchise Disney On Ice and straightforward superstar showcases like Stars on Ice that appealed to serious skating fans — and the skaters themselves. Nowadays the revues are best-known for serving as the real-life basis for the On Ice trope.
Circus and Stage Magician acts involving exotic wild animals (as opposed to domesticated ones: ducks, dogs, cats, horses, camels, etc.) started dying out in The '90s as complaints from animal rights activists mounted and all-human circuses such as Cirque du Soleil flourished. The finishing blow came in 2003, when magician Roy Horn, one half of Siegfried & Roy, was mauled onstage by a white tiger. The best-known "traditional" circus, Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey, not only announced it would retire elephants from their shows by 2018 but made good on their promise two years early, leaving tigers as the only wild animals there.