Founded in 1932, Toho Co. is basically responsible for the entirety
of the tokusatsu
genre. It specializes in Kaiju
movies, and brought us the King of the Monsters himself.
They actually have a lot more to their catalog of films, including many much more down to earth stories, but that's what most people remember them for.
That and Akira Kurosawa
They also acted as distributor or co-producer for Studio Ghibli
and many other anime films you may have heard of, as well as many of the live action film adaptations of anime that crop up from time to time (Nana, Space Battleship Yamato
, etc). They also provided production facilities and some actors for the James Bond
film You Only Live Twice
Not to be confused with Touhou
, a Bullet Hell Video Game
Toho is responsible, associated with or known for: