Time Warner Cable was the second-largest cable television provider in the United States (a distant second, behind Comcast). It was formerly owned by Time Warner, the parent company of Warner Bros., New Line Cinema, and cable networks such as HBO, CNN, Cartoon Network, TBS, and TNT. TWC was spun off into a separate company from Time Warner in 2009 (and until the purchase by Charter merely licensed the name); it was initially formed fromthe Time/Warner merger in 1989, fused together from Time's ATC (American Television & Communications), and Warner Cable (which jumpstarted the cable boom in the late 70s with the experimental QUBE service, which ended up spawning MTV, Nickelodeon and The Movie Channel; they were held in a joint venture with American Express, but QUBE got too costly and they had sell the nets to Viacom to make up the lost cash).TWC a few years ago ignited an internet controversy with a pilot program, tested in select markets, that places a 50 GB (or lower, depending on service tier) monthly cap on internet subscribers' downloads. Strangely enough, this pilot program was never tested in any market where Verizon's FIOS is available. User outrage led TWC to suspend the program.Also recently, they attempted to merge with Comcast, but the federal government thankfully blocked the deal from occurring. Instead, TWC planned to merge with the smaller provider Charter, which mainly has midwestern holdings, as compared to TWC's coastal areas. In May 2016, the plans became reality as Charter bought TWC (which was merged into the former under the name Charter Spectrum), thus ending the existence of Time Warner Cable.