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Creator: TMS Entertainment
aka: Tokyo Movie Shinsha

Established in 1946 note , TMS Entertainment (short for Tokyo Movie Shinsha, also credited as TMS-Kyokuchi or Tokyo Movie on occasion) is one of the oldest and most well-known (both in Japan and overseas) producers of Anime in the world. Their most famous works are Lupin III and Tiny Toon Adventures. They have also done various other anime, including Soreike! Anpanman, Sonic X, Detective Conan, LilPri, Ulysses 31, Hamtaro and Bakugan Battle Brawlers, and even some full length feature films, such as AKIRA and Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland.

Outside of Anime, they are also one of the best and most recognized overseas animation studios in the world. Their high quality work first popped up in the early '80s, when they did animation for Filmation's The New Adventures of Zorro note , as well as DiC's cartoons back in the day. Soon enough, Disney and Warner Bros. joined the list of clients, giving us glorious animation in shows such as DuckTales and The New Adventures of Winnie the Pooh from Disney, and Tiny Toon Adventures, Batman: The Animated Series, and, of course, Animaniacs Warner Bros., on the Japanese side of clients, we have Shogakukan with Detective Conan and Hamtaro, Kodansha with Ohayo! Spank and Kaitou Saint Tail and Shueisha with Dokonjou Gaeru and D.Gray-Man.

Starting off as a independent studio when established in 1946/1964. They were sold off to Sega-Kyokuchinote  in 1992 when the studio's founder Yutaka Fujioka left to retire (hence the name of their 1996-1999 productions as TMS-Kyokuchi. They were renamed to TMS Entertainment in 2000note ) and again in 2005 during the SegaSammy merger.

In spite of their glory, their foreign workload has met a sharp decline, thanks to factors such as rising prices (as well as their surprisingly disappointing work after TMS shipped off their own works to cheaper studios in Japan as well as in Korea and China, and the less said about most of the episodes (animation-wise) of Spider-Man: The Animated Series or Wei▀ Kreuz the betternote ). The 2011 earthquake in Japan hasn't helped matters either.

Whatever the case may be, TMS decided to focus mostly on anime (either their own or others, see below). The clients they once had have since moved to other studios. Disney opened its own overseas studio in Japan, using them for a while before dumping them in 2004, as well as using other Asian studios, like Toon City and Rough Draft. DiC, in its twilight years, used various other Asian studiosnote  after The Littles (which itself was taken over by Studio Gallop in season three). Warner Bros. likewise ended its ties with TMS after Wakko's Wish and Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker, instead going for cheaper animation studios like Moi Animation (most of the DC showcase shorts), JM Animation (the Jonah Hex short), Lotto Animation and Dong Woo Animation in Korea and Toon City as well (with Wang Film Productions on occasion). They reunited with TMS for Green Lantern: First Flight, Justice League: Doom and Superman vs. the Elite.

Even with all of these factors, TMS still manages to be ahead of the game with its many animated productions.

They were also one of the minds behind the channel Animax (With Toei Animation, Sunrise and Sony) and the web site Daisuki (with Toei Animation, Sunrise, Sony, Nihon Ad Systems, Dentsu and Asatsu-DK).
    open/close all folders 

    Units of TMS 
In Japan:
  • Pre Tokyo Movie, or Tokyo Ningyo Cinema and Yutaka Fijioka's early days: Fujioka started in the animation industry in 1947 after finishing arts school however the studio he was working at is unknown and all that is known about it is that he was doing stop motion animation at the studio, in 1956 he moved to Mom Productions when the studio was opening up doing stop motion animation and puppeteering for a number of projects, one of which that is known about is a Japanese localization puppet show of Casper the Friendly Ghost called The Adventures Of Casper, he left Mom Pro in 1960 to find his own studio Tokyo Ningyo Cinema, however Fujioka did not get a lot of clients and was forced to do adaptations of things like The Little Mermaid and A Mid Summers Nights Dream, Tokyo Ningyo Cinema went out of business in 1963 due to lack of clients, however the following year, Osamu Tezuka and TBS (Tokyo Broadcast Station) needed a studio to do Big X, Fujioka reformated his idea of a studio's layout to do hand drawn animation and that studio became...
    • Early Tokyo Movie: This was the second attempt Yutaka Fujioka made to run a animation studio (his first studio, Tokyo Ningyo Cinema bombed), under the name Tokyo Movie, the studio lasted between 1964 (When the studio was founded) to 1976/1977 (when Fujioka reformatted the studio into the TMS we know of today), most of the early Tokyo Movie productions were done with A-Productions as Tokyo Movie had very little animators until 1977 (Big-X was one of the few shows when Tokyo Movie did not use A-Pro as they were not founded until the following year in 1965), the studio was reformated into...
    • Tokyo Movie Shinsha or TMS as we know them today: Formed in 1977, This is the TMS that we know of today; Tokyo Movie Shinsha (translating into New Tokyo Movie Company) is the main animation studio of TMS.
  • Telecom Animation Film: established in 1975 for use in western marketsnote . Prior to this however, Telecom got its start with a show called Obake Chan (produced in 1977, but not released until the year after), which is very unknown. Afterwards, they did a number of episodes of Lupin III (Red Jacket) series, The Castle of Cagliostro, and started production on Little Nemo (which started in 1978, and finished in 1989). Most of the animators mentioned below come from this unit.
  • TMS Photo: Also known as Toms Photo or Tomusu Photo, they serve as TMS's digital effects, photography and coloring unit. This unit was established in 1988 to do digital effects and photography on AKIRA and photography for Sunrise's Jushin Liger and Starship Troopers OVA.
  • TMS Music: TMS' music arm.
  • Double Eagle: Formally know as Studio Sakimakura, the studio was founded in March of 2011, and has worked on Bakugan (Mechtanium Surge series), Cardfight!! Vanguard, Brave 10 and Lupin III Vs Detective Conan The Movie.
  • V1 Studio: Founded in 2011, they worked on Detective Conan since season 14 and the movies since The Eleventh Striker.
  • 3xCube: Found in 2011, they worked on Anpanman since season 22 & The Pliot's Love Song.
  • Studio 777: Found in 2012, they have worked on Bakumatsu Gijinden Roman.
  • Po10tial: Found in 2011, the studio worked on Lupin III: The Woman Called Fujiko Mine, however the studio was merged with Telecom in 2013 and said crew has worked on ZX Ignition and episode 2 of Space Dandy for Bones after Po10tial merged with Telecom but have been laid off after the animation of Daisuke Jigen's Gravestone was completed in April of 2014. Said staff members now work for Studio SHAFT.
  • 8 Pan: Formally know as Creative8, the studio worked on CG animation on Hamtaro Dechu from episode 26 to the series end, Yowamushi Pedal and Lupin III Princess Of The Breeze.
  • A-Productions: Founded in 1965 to help out TMS during Fujiko Pro's large work load, A-Pro split off from TMS in 1976 when TMS replaced them with Telecom, from then on A-Pro became Shin-Ei Doga.

In South Korea:

    Studios founded by Ex TMS staff Members 

    Noteworthy staff 
Noteworthy TMS staff members include (also counting their Telecom unit):

executives and producers
  • Yutaka Fujioka: Founder of TMS, he retired in 1992note . He died in 1996.
  • Koji Takeuchi: Came to TMS in 1977 from A-Pro. He is the president of the Telecom unit.
  • Shunzo Kato
  • Tetsuo Katayama: He worked for TMS in the '70s and early '80s. Left in 1983 to establish KK C&D Asia.
  • Shigeru Akagawa: He worked for TMS in the '70s and eary '80s. Like Katayama, he left TMS in 1983 for KK C&D Asia.
  • Motoyoshi Tokunaga: He did some stuff for TMS, then left the studio in 1988 to establish WaltDisneyAnimationJapan, where he stayed until the studio closed down in 2004. After that, he founded The Answer Studio.

artists
  • Toshihiko Masuda: Coming to TMS in 1980, he's mostly known for the "Istanbul, Not Constantinople" music video of Tiny Toon Adventures and helped make the Tom Ruegger shows what they are today.
  • Nobuo Tomizawa: Came to TMS from Nippon Animation in 1977. He is mostly known for being the animation director of "The Great Anvil Chorus" of Tiny Toon Adventures, was one of the animation directors of Little Nemo and as chief director for both Ramen Fighter Miki and The Daughter of Twenty Faces.
  • Sadakazu Takiguchi: Came to TMS in 1983 when people were leaving to go work for KK C&D Asia or go with Hayao Miyazaki to work on Nausicań of the Valley of the Wind, he did not became a director until 2003 when Hiroyuki Aoyama leave to be a freelancer. He has since worked on The Daughter Of Twenty Faces and Fullmetal Alchemist: Brotherhood (stationed at Telecom of course).
  • Kenji Hachizaki
  • Kazuhide Tomonaga: Came to TMS from Oh Production in 1978. mostly known for key animation for The Castle of Cagliostro and Sherlock Hound, as well as being the animation director of the Batman: The Animated Series episode "Feat of Clay, Part 2". He was also the other animation director for Little Nemo.
  • Yoshinobu Michihata
  • Hiroyuki Aoyama: Came to TMS in 1980. He left in 2003 to become a freelance staff member for other studios, but came back in 2006. He's mostly known for The Girl Who Leapt Through Time and Summer Wars for Madhouse and A Letter to Momo for Production I.G.
  • Yumiko Shirai
  • Yuichiro Yano: Came to TMS in 1982 and is mostly known for most of The Great Wakkorotti shorts from Animaniacs (the last one was by Jon McClenahan and shipped off to Wang Film Productions).
  • Hayao Miyazaki: Miyazaki came to TMS the first time in 1968 through A-Pro from Toeinote , doing Isao Takahata's Panda Go Panda. He left TMS in 1972 to go work for Nippon Animation because of lack of work, but came back to TMS through Telecom in 1977. Directing The Castle of Cagliostro and Sherlock Hound, before leaving a second time for a number of reasonsnote  to go work for Topcraft to direct Nausicań of the Valley of the Wind. After that, Miyazaki stole most of their staff and co-founded Studio Ghibli. The rest is history.
  • Saburo Hashimoto: He worked for TMS from the '70s until the early '90s, where he left for Walt Disney Animation Japan. Staying until it closed in 2004. He is now a arts teacher.
  • Keiko Oyamada
  • Sawako Miyamoto: She came to TMS in 1977, left in 1989 for Walt Disney Animation Japan. Then came back in 1994.
  • Youichi Takada: Sometimes known as Yoichi Takada.
  • Isao Takahata: Takahata came to TMS from Toei through A-Pro in 1968, then left with Miyazaki to go work for Nippon Animation in 1972. He came back to TMS through Telecom in 1977, left with Miyazaki in 1983 to go work for Topcraft and went with Miyazaki when he co-founded Studio Ghibli.
  • Yasuo Otsuka: He came to TMS from Toei through A-pro in 1968 then to Telecom after A-Pro split off in 1976note . Mostly known for doing key animation on The Castle of Cagliostro and doing early drafts for Little Nemo. He also runs a TMS owned animation school, Anime Juku.
  • Yoshifumi Kondo: Mostly known for Whisper of the Heart by Studio Ghibli, he came to TMS in 1968 through A-Pro. He left for Shin Ei Doga when A-Pro split off from TMS, after which he left for Nippon Animation, working with Hayao Miyazaki on Future Boy Conan. In 1980, he left to go back at TMS through Telecom and left in 1985 due to illness. When he got better, he went back to do contract work for Nippon which didn't last long. After that, he went to work for Ghibli until his death in 1998.
  • Teiichi Takiguchi
  • Takashi Kawaguchi: Did a number of things for TMS, then left to be a freelancer.
    • There are 2 known Takashi Kawaguchis out there in the world, the later is the Ex-TMS staff member.
  • Hiroaki Noguchi
  • Koichi Suenaga
  • Hisao Yokobori: The only known member of Telecom to have a Twitter account, See it here.
  • Yuzo Aoki: While not as known as Hayao Miyazaki, he is known for keeping Monkey Punch's style in Lupin III when others tend to tone his style down, like Toshihiko Masuda (Elusiveness Of The Fog), Nobuo Tomizawa (Farewell to Nostradamus). Even Miyazaki (The Castle of Cagliostro) toned the style down, which wasn't necessarily a bad thing.
  • Yukio Okazaki: Worked at TMS in the '80s. He left in 1989 to work for Walt Disney Animation Japan for a few years before becoming a freelancer.
  • Atsuko Tanaka: Coming to TMS's Telecom unit from A-Pro in 1976, she's mostly known for key animation for The Castle of Cagliostro, Sonic X, three episodes of The Daughter of Twenty Faces, Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker, Galaxy High and several Ghibli movies like Princess Mononoke and Spirited Away while stationed at Telecom.
    • She was also the animation director of three Animaniacs episodes - "Taming Of The Screwy", "Ta Da Dump, Ta Da Dump, Ta Da Dump Dump Dump" and "Schnitzelbank", as well as The New Batman Adventures episodes "Growing Pains" and "The Demon Within".
    • Not to be confused with other Atsuko Tanakas.
  • Shojiro Nishimi: Sometimes known as Shijiro Nishimi and Shoujirou Nishimi, he came to TMS in 1984, left in 2003 to work at Studio 4░C, then came back to TMS in 2009. The last thing he did at 4░C were some animated clips to a movie that he made in 2008, but never came out until 2009.
    • He also did Storyboards for Atlus's Catherine, whose chief animation studio is Studio 4░C. However, he did it alongside Toshihiko Masuda and Sawako Miyamoto, who were doing key animation for it (stationed at Telecom).
    • He also produced a short titled Keep Walking Theater that started production in 2008 but did not came out until 2012 due to issues going on at 4░C. He did go back to finish it but went back to Telecom after it was done.
  • Noboru Furuse: A freelance staff member who has done some work for TMS as far back as Heathcliff and the Catillac Cats, anything listed here under his name indicates that he was stationed at TMS/Telecom during the time of production.
  • Keiko Yozawa
  • Chie Nishizawa: Worked at Telecom between 2000 to 2005, left in 2005 to become a freelancer.
  • Osamu Dezaki: A freelance director, he came to TMS in 1968 from Mushi and is notable for directing (among others) - Ashita no Joe, Aim for the Ace!, Visionaries, Mighty Orbots and took over for directing The Rose of Versailles after Tadao Nagahama passed away. He also did all four Hamtaro movies and the Air and CLANNAD movies for Toei Animation. Sadly, he died in 2011 from lung cancer. Often collaborated with character designer Akio Sugino.
  • Shingo Araki
  • Akio Sugino: A freelance artist who frequently collaborated with Osamu Dezaki (though he's done stuff without Dezaki too).
  • Osamu Nabeshima: Worked at TMS from the early '80s, doing key animation on Inspector Gadget and Visionaries. He was the chief director of Kaitou Saint Tail, Hamtaro, D.Gray-Man and Zetman.
  • Masatomo Sudo: Started as early as the 1980s, doing key animation on Mighty Orbots. He also did the character designs for Hamtaro.
  • Hajime Kamegaki
  • Takahiko Shobu
  • Christophe Ferreira: One of, if not the only known, non-Japanese animators of Telecom. Provided Key Animation episode 21 of The Daughter of Twenty Faces and episode 34 of Soul Eater.
  • Mitsuru Soma: Freelance artist who has worked on a number of the Lupin III Yearly Specials and Anpanman movies for TMS. Like with Furuse, for anything listed here, he will be stationed at TMS during it's production.
  • Kiyoshi Kobayashi: Occasionally worked for TMS Photo during the 1980s/1990s. You may also know him as Daisuke Jigen (from Lupin III) or Crystal Bowie (from Space Adventure Cobra).

    Noteworthy productions from the 1960s 
  • 1964 Big X: TMS's first production, and the only production they got from Osamu Tezuka when he was still alive. Done due to Mushi Productions being full at the time.
  • 1965 Obake No Q-Taro: TMS's first production from Fujiko Pro.
  • 1967/1971 Chingo Muchabe: Made in 1967, but never aired until 1971. Was the final anime broadcast in black & whitenote .
  • 1967 Pa-Man: First series only, both the second series and the movies are done by Shin Ei Doga. Production was split between TMS and Studio Zero.
  • 1968/1977/1979 Kyojin No Hoshi: aka Star Of The Giants, did all three series.
  • 1968 Kaibutsu-Kun: With Studio Zero.
  • 1969 Umeboshi Denka: With Studio Zero. Final black & white anime from TMS note .
  • 1969 Roppo Yabure-Kun: TMS's first Otaku O'Clock show.
  • 1969 Moomin: First 26 episodes of the first series. The rest of the first series and New Moomin are by Mushi, and Tanoshii Moomin Ikka is done by Telescreen and Visual 80.
  • 1969 Attack No. 1

    Noteworthy productions from the 1970s 

    Noteworthy productions from the 1980s 

    Noteworthy productions from the 1990s 

    Noteworthy productions from the 2000s 

    Noteworthy productions from the 2010s 

    Other Projects TMS (or their subdivisions Telecom and TMS Photo) had a hand in: 
Western Animation

Anime; non Ghibli, may also include select animators

Anime; Through select animators, list not complete
  • Aku no Hana (Key Animation through Telecom by Sawako Miyamoto)
  • Bodacious Space Pirates (Key Animation for episode 1 through Telecom by Toshihiko Masuda)
  • Chousoku Henkei Gyrozetter (Key Animation for episodes 6 & 24 through Telecom by Christophe Ferreira & Toshihiko Masuda)
  • Code Geass (Key Animation for episode 11 of R2 through Telecom by Toshihiko Masuda)
  • Deadman Wonderland (Key Animation through Telecom by Sawako Miyamoto)
  • Death Note (Key Animation through Telecom by Kenji Hachizaki and Toshihiko Masuda)
  • Diebuster (Key Animation through Telecom by Chie Nishizawa)
  • ÚX-Driver (Layout and Animation by Takahiko Shobu, Noboru Furuse and Mitsuru Soma. Key Animation for the movie by Satoshi Hirayama)
  • Full Moon o Sagashite (Key Animation for episode 39 through Telecom by Yuichiro Yano)
  • Fullmetal Alchemist: The Sacred Star of Milos (Key Animation through Telecom by Hiroyuki Aoyama)
  • Giant Robo (Key Animation by Hajime Kamegaki)
  • The Girl Who Leapt Through Time (Photography Cooperation through TMS Photo. Key Animation through Telecom by Kenji Hachizaki and Toshihiko Masuda)
  • JoJo's Bizarre Adventure (2012 series, Key Animation through Telecom by Toshihiko Masuda)
  • Kiddy GiRL-AND (Key Animation through Telecom by Toshihiko Masuda)
  • Mobile Suit Gundam AGE (Key Animation through Telecom by Toshihiko Masuda)
  • Reideen (2007 series, Key Animation through Telecom by Toshihiko Masuda and Sawako Miyamoto)
  • Sakamichi No Apollon (Key Animation through Telecom by Toshihiko Masuda and Sawako Miyamoto)
  • Slayers Evolution-R (Key Animation through Telecom by Toshihiko Masuda)
  • Space Dandy (Production Assistance through Telecom; Key Animation by Hiroyuki Aoyama (Episode 1, 17, 19 and 21, Animation Director on Episodes 2, 10, 17 and 19, 2nd Key Animation on episode 10, Assistant Animation Director on episode 12 and Key Animation Retakes on episode 16), Kenji Hachizaki (Opening and Episodes 2, 10, 17 and 19), Atsuko Tanaka (Episode 2), Takashi Kawaguchi (stationed at Telecom, Episode 10) and Sawako Miyamoto (Episodes 3 and 5))
  • Summer Wars (Key Animation through Telecom by Kenji Hachizaki, Atsuko Tanaka and Sawako Miyamoto. Hiroyuki Aoyama was also stationed at Telecom for Key Animation but was stationed at Madhouse for Animation Direction and Storyboards)
  • Tekkonkinkreet (Key Animation through Telecom by Kenji Hachizaki and Teiichi Takiguchi)
  • Urusei Yatsura: The Final Chapter (Animation Assistance through Telecom by Keiko Yozawa)
  • Wolf Children (Key Animation through Telecom by Kenji Hachizaki)

Anime; Studio Ghibli

And it just couldn't be complete without working with Studio Ghibli on several occasions (all instances through Telecom)

    Tropes associated with TMS Entertainment 
  • Animation Bump: Like with most studios in Japan. This is especially noticable in their American works.
  • Animation Wars: TMS vs Spumco.
  • Author Appeal: Their western productions. Just compare them to say AKOM, Toei or Freelance Animators New Zealand and you'll understand why.
  • Cash Cow Franchise: Most of TMS's western productions (Primarily with Warner Bros. and Disney). On the anime side, we have Lupin III, Bakugan, Anpanman and Detective Conan.
  • Conspicuous CG: Bakugan and LilPri have this IN SPADES!
  • Doing It for the Art
  • Iconic Logo
  • International Coproduction: Some North American projects (Visionaries, Bionic Six and Inspector Gadget, to name a few).
  • Limited Animation: Justified throughout the '60s and '70s, as practically everyone, even Disney was doing it due to incredibly low budgets. However like most anime, it sill largely serves as the norm. They do tend to fare better than other studios (With some exceptions as shown below).
  • Long Runners: Several.
  • The Mutiny: TMS most of the time ignored the domestic staff's directions when they worked on their western output, which isn't what an overseas studio is supposed to do. However, since they got payed royalties for their efforts (unlike other studios) and their decisions actually ended up making the episodes stronger, things added in by TMS' crew were left in because of it, Case in point for Batman: The Animated Series:
    Bruce Timm: I think when we shipped them 'Clayface,' they said to themselves: They think they know everything, but we'll show them how do do this show. We'll change Batman's colors. We'll do special color key treatments on the villains when they're walking over the green vat. We'll blow them away.' If that's their revenge, thank you for proving us wrong. I was so happy with that episode." "The sequence where Daggett and Germs are walking over that green vat, those characters look like they're three-dimensional. They look like they're rotoscoped. When Daggett slowly turns toward the camera, the shadows really wrap around his face. It's as if they're real! They did all those colors themselves. We couldn't even ask for those colors if we wanted to. They aren't even in our palette. They had to specially mix those colors."
    • It got to the point where they were literally doing entire episodes (from from pre production to animation to episode direction) themselves.
  • Off Model: Even they're guilty of this. Mostly seen in their work from the '70s, Spider-Man and Weiss Kreuz. For more recent offenders, there's Kenichi, Sonic X, Hamtaro and Bakugan.
  • The Renaissance Age of Animation: One of the first studios to break from the "Dark Age".
  • Troubled Production: Little Nemo aside, Filmation's Zorro cartoon was plagued with these. The least of which being a small time frame for the first episode (five weeks, according to Lou Scheimer himself in "Creating the Filmation Generation")

Tatsunoko ProductionNames to Know in AnimeTNK
Tatsunoko ProductionProducersUfotable

alternative title(s): Tokyo Movie Shinsha; TMS; Telecom Animation Film; Tokyo Movie Shinsa; Telecom; Studio Sakimakura; TMS Entertainment
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