%% This is how the quote formatting is suppose to look: One indent, then dialog, then two indents, then the source. Don't mess with it.
->''"''['''Gainaxy'?'']'' I never know what people mean when they say that. [[Anime/{{Gunbuster}} It started out to mean]] [[{{Gainaxing}} big, bouncy breasts]], then became [[Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion existentialist angst]], then became [[Anime/{{FLCL}} hyper-kinetic psycho-sexual slapstick]]. What's it mean now?"\\
"[[Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann All of that, at once]]."''
-->-- '''[[http://forum.rpg.net/showthread.php?t=350079#post7705763 Forum thread]]'''

Founded in 1984[[note]] The studio was originally established in 1981 as Daicon Film by six former ''[[Anime/SuperDimensionFortressMacross Macross]]'' animators (Including Creator/HideakiAnno and ''Anime/VampirePrincessMiyu'' co-creators Narumi Kakinouchi and Toshiki Hirano). Gainax itself didn't come into being until December 24th, 1984, when Daicon Film was reformed into Gainax by Ex-Creator/{{Topcraft}} staff after said staff got to know Hideaki Anno after working on ''Manga/NausicaaOfTheValleyOfTheWind'' with him… and having different views of anime than Creator/HayaoMiyazaki, who stole everyone else when Topcraft became Creator/StudioGhibli in 1985[[/note]], [[http://www.gainax.co.jp/ Studio Gainax]] is one of the better-known {{anime}} studios, having created such series as ''Anime/NadiaTheSecretOfBlueWater'', ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'', ''Anime/{{FLCL}}'', and ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann''. Their work provides the origin for terms such as {{Gainaxing}} and the GainaxEnding.

Gainax is known for impressive visuals, gripping storylines, confusing plot points, and running out of money before the series is finished. This last tendency has been a particular problem in the past; the last episodes of Gainax series tend to be [[OffModel lower in quality]] and take a lot of shortcuts. The last two episodes of ''Evangelion'' were produced when the studio had been cut off by the main sponsor, and mostly [[StockFootage reused clips from previous episodes]] with different dialogue. Still shots are frequent as well. The final episode of ''Top o Nerae!'' (also known as ''Anime/GunBuster'') is due to the black and white presentation often thrown into this bin, a common misconception as the black and white animation was actually more expensive. Thankfully, they seemed to have learned their lesson by ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' (see below).

[[http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/kerai/1098691714073.jpg A crowd picture]] for some of the many characters created by Gainax over its lifetime is available.[[note]]made by Production I.G[[/note]]

As a small note, they have a good relationship with Creator/ProductionIG, who did quite a lot of work on ''[[Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion End of Evangelion]]'' and ''Anime/{{FLCL}}''. The [[Creator/HiroyukiImaishi director]] of ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'', ''Anime/PantyAndStockingWithGarterbelt'', and one episode of ''Anime/{{FLCL}}'' also worked with Creator/ProductionIG on ''Anime/DeadLeaves''.

However, Gainax is not what it used to be. Most, if not all of their best animators and creative people have moved on to other studios like Creator/StudioTrigger and Creator/StudioKhara. Others have left the studio to do work for themselves. Gainax has since switched to doing manga and light novel adaptations, as well as anime shorts.
!!Studio Gainax has created the following:

'''Daicon Film era (pre Gainax).'''
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AeDBIwRe2AE Two]] original animated introductory films for ''Daicon III'' and ''Daicon IV'', both iterations of a major {{science fiction}} convention in Japan. These were their first creations, before they had really formed the studio. Due to the truly staggering amounts of shoutouts to both anime and American science fiction in both, plus the latter using Music/ElectricLightOrchestra's song "Twilight" and featuring the protagonist in a PlayboyBunny costume (which is copyrighted by Playboy in the US), any release above and beyond a Laserdisc version in the early '80s have been [[ScrewedByTheLawyers vetoed by pretty much every license holder.]]
* ''Film/AikokuSentaiDaiNippon'', a parody of the ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' series. The first of several [[{{Toku}} tokusatsu]] parodies made by them in the '80s. At this point, they weren't called Gainax yet, but Daicon Film.
* ''Kaiketsu Noutenki'', a parody of ''Series/KaiketsuZubat'', made in 1982.
* ''Series/ReturnOfUltraman'', a parody of the ''Franchise/UltraSeries'' show of [[NamesTheSame the same name]], featuring Creator/HideakiAnno as Ultraman!
* ''Yamata no Orochi no Gyakushu'' (''The Revenge of Yamata no Orochi''), a {{direct to video}} {{kaiju}} movie made when Gainax was still Daicon Film, featuring {{ancient astronauts}} and a giant cybernetic Yamata no Orochi. Special effects by Creator/ShinjiHiguchi.[[invoked]]

'''Pre-Evangelion Gainax'''
* ''Anime/RoyalSpaceForceTheWingsOfHonneamise'', Gainax's first feature film. Like the Daicon shorts, the short pilot version of this was animated and shot on 8mm film in Hiroyuki Yamaga's garage.
* ''Top wo Nerae! (Aim for the Top!)'', a.k.a. ''Anime/GunBuster''- Produced in cooperation with Creator/StudioFantasia.
** There is also a sequel - ''Top wo Nerae 2!'' (a.k.a. ''Anime/DieBuster'' or ''[=GunBuster=] 2'') which was released 16 years after the original.
* ''{{Manga/Appleseed}}'' - The original 1988 {{OVA}}. Produced in cooperation with Creator/{{AIC}}.
* ''Sakyo Komatsu's Animation Theater'' - Produced in cooperation with AIC.
* ''Beat Shot!!'', a one shot OVA based on a Manga of the same name. Also produced in cooperation with AIC.
* ''Circuit no Ohkami II: Modena no Tsurugi''
* ''Anime/NadiaTheSecretOfBlueWater'', animation co-produced with Creator/GroupTAC and Korean studio Creator/SeiYoung.
* The ''VideoGame/PrincessMaker'' videogame series, which had the player take responsibility for raising an orphaned girl to adulthood.
** The anime ''Anime/PetitePrincessYucie'' was [[TheAnimeOfTheGame an adaptation]] of several of the games in the series. Also produced in cooperation with AIC.
** Gainax also released variations of the game focused around ''Evangelion'' characters, such as ''The Rei Ayanami/Shinji Ikari Raising Project''.
* ''Anime/OtakuNoVideo'', a {{mockumentary}}-style look at {{otaku}} in Japan interspersed with an animated story about the life of one budding ''Otaking'' (Otaku King), whose company is a parody of Gainax itself.[[/index]]
** Otaking is a real person -- Toshio Okada, one of the Gainax founders, who left the studio in TheNineties for academia and now is a moderately renowned anime scholar (and an epic troll to boot).
* ''Route 20 - Galactic Airport'': An unfinished movie based on a Manga of the same name. Originally set for 1993, the only thing ever released was a three minute trailer.

'''Golden Age Gainax'''
* ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'', notable for its {{Deconstruction}} of the mecha genre at the time, colossal impact on Japanese pop culture, and popularization of the GainaxEnding. A co-production with Production I.G and Creator/TatsunokoProduction. Also provided assistance to the ''Anime/RebuildOfEvangelion'' movies.
* ''Koume-chan ga Iku!'' a.k.a. ''Here Comes Koume!'' - Produced in cooperation with Group TAC.
* ''Anime/{{FLCL}}'' - (the years-later 2017-2018 second and third seasons are produced by Production I.G.)
* ''Manga/KareKano'' a.k.a. ''His & Her Circumstances''
* ''Anime/OruchubanEbichu''
* ''Manga/{{Mahoromatic}}'' – produced in cooperation with Creator/StudioShaft.
* ''Anime/MagicalShoppingArcadeAbenobashi'', produced with Creator/{{Madhouse}}.
* ''Anime Tenchō'', a promotional video for Animate.
* ''Anime/ThisUglyYetBeautifulWorld'' – also produced in cooperation with Shaft.
* ''Anime/ReCutieHoney'', a re-imagining of of Creator/GoNagai's classic magical girl series. Produced in association with Creator/ToeiAnimation.
* ''Manga/HeIsMyMaster'' – also produced in cooperation with Shaft.
* ''Anime/MelodyOfOblivion'' – Produced in Cooperation with Creator/JCStaff.
* ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann''
* ''Manga/CorpsePrincess''
* ''Manga/HanamaruKindergarten''
* ''Anime/PantyAndStockingWithGarterbelt'' [[note]]Allegedly created when the crew headed to a spa for a get together and got drunk while telling stories to each other while watching adult American cartoons like Drawn Together. They found the ideas hilarious and used that for the show.[[/note]]

'''Post-Trigger Gainax'''
* ''Anime/HoukagoNoPleiades'' - A MagicalGirl collaboration between Gainax and Subaru.
* ''LightNovel/BibliothecaMysticaDeDantalian''
* ''Manga/MedakaBox''
* ''Manga/TokureiSochiDantaiStellaJogakuinKoutoukaC3Bu''
* ''Anime/MahouShoujoTaisen'' a.k.a. ''Magica Wars''
* ''Jinryoku Senkan!? Shiokaze Sawakaze'' - produced in cooperation with Creator/AnimeR.

!!The company has also done minor work in the following:
* ''Franchise/DotHack'' (Franchise Collaboration)
* ''Manga/EightOhOneTTSAirbats'' (assistant animation)
* ''Anime/AfroSamurai: Resurrection'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Anime/AgentAika'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/AhMyGoddess: The Movie'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/{{Akira}}'' (Animation Cooperation)
* ''VideoGame/AlisiaDragoon'' (Art and Story)
* ''Anime/AllPurposeCulturalCatGirlNukuNuku'' (Animation, OVA)
* ''Anime/AngelBeats'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Anime/TheAnimatrix'' (In-Between Animation for Creator/Studio4C's ''Second Renaissance'' and ''Beyond'')
* ''Manga/ArpeggioOfBlueSteel'' (In-Between Animation; Digital Paint)
* ''Anime/{{Avenger}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/{{Bastard}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/TheBigO'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/BlackCat'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/BlackGod'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/BlackLagoon'' (Key Animation for ''Second Barrage'')
* ''Manga/BladeofTheImmortal'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/BloodTheLastVampire'' (2nd Key & In-Between Animation)
** ''Anime/BloodPlus'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/BrokenBlade'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/BusoRenkin'' (Key Animation)
* ''Literature/TheCaseFilesOfYakushijiRyoko'' (In-Between Animation, Animation Assistance)
* ''Anime/CasshanRobotHunter'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/CodeBreaker'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Anime/CodeGeass'' (2nd Key Animation, ''R2'' season)
* ''Manga/CromartieHighSchool'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/DeadLeaves'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''LightNovel/DirtyPair: Project Eden'' (In-Between Cooperation)
* ''LightNovel/DragonCrisis'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/EdenOfTheEast'' (2nd Key & In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/EurekaSeven'' (2nd Key & In-Between Animation)
** ''Anime/EurekaSevenAO'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/{{Eyeshield 21}}'' (Animation)
* ''Manga/FairyTail'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/FushigiboshiNoFutagoHime'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/{{Gantz}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/GenesisOfAquarion'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/GhostHound'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/GhostStories'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/GiantRobo'' (Key Animation, through Hideaki Anno and Mahiro Maeda)
* ''Manga/{{Gintama}}'' (2nd Key & In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/GirlsUndPanzer'' (Photography)
* ''[[WesternAnimation/GreenLanternFirstFlight Green Lantern: First Flight]]'' (Production Assistance; Key & Assistant Animation. With Creator/StudioJungleGym, Creator/AnimeSpot & Creator/MizoPlanning, uncredited)
* ''Manga/GuiltyCrown'' (2nd Key Animation; Photography Cooperation)
* ''Anime/GunXSword'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/GunsmithCats'' (Opening Animation for the OVA, through Mahiro Maeda)
* ''Manga/{{Heroman}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/HighschoolOfTheDead'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/HouseOfFiveLeaves'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/IGPXImmortalGrandPrix'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/InitialD'' (In-Between Animation, ''Fourth Stage'')
* ''VideoGame/JeanneDArc'' (In-Between Animation Support)
* ''Manga/{{Jormungand}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/KurokoNoBasuke'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/LastExileFamTheSilverWing'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/ALetterToMomo'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/LibraryWar'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Manga/LittleBusters'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''LupinIIIElusivenessOfTheFog'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Madox-01'' (Key Animation)
* ''Manga/{{Major}}'' (Key & In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/MichikoToHatchin'' (In-Between Animation; Production Cooperation for episode 8)
* ''Anime/MobileFighterGGundam'' (Key Animation)
** ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam00'' (In-Between Animation)
** ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamCharsCounterattack'' (Mechanical Design)
** ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamUnicorn'' (In-Between Animation)
** ''Anime/MobileSuitVictoryGundam'' (Key & In-Between Animation)
* ''VideoGame/MusashiSamuraiLegend'' (animation and movie production)
* ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/NegimaSecondSeason'' (2nd Key & In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/NodameCantabile'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Anime/{{Noein}}'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''LightNovel/NogizakaHarukaNoHimitsu: Purezza'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Manga/OuranHighSchoolHostClub'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''LightNovel/OutbreakCompany'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/PandoraHearts'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''VideoGame/Persona5'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/{{Pokemon}} Movies''
** ''Anime/{{Pokemon 2000}}'' (Digital Animation Assistance)
** ''Anime/{{Pokemon 3}}'' (In-Between Animation)
** ''Anime/PokemonHeroes'' (Animation Assistance)
** ''Anime/PokemonDestinyDeoxys'' (In-Between Animation)
** ''Anime/PokemonGiratinaAndTheSkyWarrior'' (Animation Assistance)
* ''VideoGame/PrismArk'' (Production Cooperation)
* ''VideoGame/ProfessorLaytonVsAceAttorney'' (Gameplay Animation Support)
* ''Anime/ProjectAKo'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/RahXephon'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/RealDrive'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf'' (Animation Assistance, [=OVAs=])
* ''Anime/RedLine'' (2nd Key Animation Cooperation)
* ''Restol, The Special Rescue Squad'' (Distribution)
* ''Anime/RobotCarnival'' (Production Cooperation)
* ''Anime/RODTheTV'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/RurouniKenshin'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''[[Manga/SailorMoon Sailor Moon S]]'' (Uncredited Key Animation for episode 92)[[note]]Hideaki Anno also animated the transformation sequences for the Outer Senshi[[/note]]
* ''LightNovel/ShakuganNoShana'' (Key & 2nd Key Animation)
* ''Manga/SilverSpoon'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/SkyGirls'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''LightNovel/{{Slayers}} Great'' (Production Assistance)
* ''Anime/SoltyRei'' (Photography)
* ''Manga/SoraNoManimani'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/SpecialA'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/SpiritedAway'' (Supporting Animation)
* ''Manga/{{Spriggan}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''VisualNovel/SteinsGate'' (In-Between Animation Cooperation)
* ''Anime/StrikeWitches'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Anime/SummerWars'' (Special Thanks)
* ''Anime/SuperDimensionCenturyOrguss 02'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''VideoGame/TalesOfSymphonia'' (Animation Support)
* ''VideoGame/TalesOfVesperia: The First Strike'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/TekkonKinkreet'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''WesternAnimation/ThunderCats'' (Opening Animation, though Masayuki Yamaguchi)
* ''Manga/{{Tokko}}'' (Composite)
* ''LightNovel/{{Toradora}}'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''LightNovel/TrinityBlood'' (Animation)
* ''Anime/TweenyWitches: The Adventures'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/UchuuKyoudai'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Anime/UnGo'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/UruseiYatsura: The Final Chapter'' (Production Assistance)
* ''Anime/ValkyriaChronicles'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/ValvraveTheLiberator'' (2nd Key & In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/{{Working}}'' (2nd Key & In-Between Animation; Production Assistance)
* ''Anime/WolfsRain'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/TheWorldGodOnlyKnows'' (Disclaimer Illustration Cooperation)
* ''{{Manga/XxxHolic}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/YoureUnderArrest'' (Animation Assistance for the OVA, In-Between Animation for the second season and Key Animation for ''Full Throttle'')
* ''Manga/{{Zetman}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Zoku Manga/SayonaraZetsubouSensei'' (In-Between Animation; Production Assistance)

!! Studio Gainax provides examples of the following tropes:

* AuthorAppeal: In relation to JapanTakesOverTheWorld, no studio (besides [[Creator/TMSEntertainment Tokyo Movie Shinsha]] and Creator/StudioGhibli) has ever done it with more boldness.
* AnimationBump: Most (if not all) of their series exhibit this.
* ArtEvolution: Compare the style and design of Gainax's works before ''Anime/{{FLCL}}'', between that and 2011, and after 2011, and you'll notice huge differences between each other.
* AsskickingPose: The BadassArmFold. Technically only used in [[Anime/GunBuster two]] [[Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann series]] and a [[Anime/DieBuster continuation]], it's done memorably enough to be known as the [[FanNickname Gainax Stance]] in Japan.
* BleachedUnderpants: When Gainax first branched into video game development, their first title was ''Cybernetic Hi-School'', a quiz game with enough sexual content to get banned in one Japanese prefecture. They also developed a strip mahjong game based on their own ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion''.
* DeconReconSwitch: A meta example: they made ''Anime/GunBuster'', ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'', and ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' (in that order).
* {{Fanservice}}: Tons and tons of it.
-->[[Webvideo/EvangelionAbridged "It's Gainax! Fanservice adds to our character development!"]]
* InNameOnly: In a sense, many feel that Gainax has become this since 2011. Creator/StudioTrigger is generally considered to be the SpiritualSuccessor to what Gainax was.
* LimitedAnimation: [[UpToEleven Taken to extremes]] in the last two episodes of ''Evangelion''.
* OffModel: Episode four of ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' changed [[ArtShift its entire art style]], The fans were pissed off to say the least.
* {{Postmodernism}}: A staple of nearly all of their works.
* ShoutOut: To the brim, being a studio of {{Promoted Fanboy}}s, hence why some of their works are also filled with [[MythologyGag self-references]].