[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/73628d953356ff5a317261a05abcf5dc.png]]

->''"Audience enters into the brand new underground Henry Miller Theater, soon to-be-christened the STEPHEN SONDHEIM THEATER. It is under-attended, more modern than you're comfortable with, and requires you to travel deeper down than you think you ought to. \\
\\
Good job with the naming, Roundabout."''

-->--[[http://www.broadwayabridged.com/ Broadway Abridged]]

Stephen Sondheim (born March 22, 1930 in New York City) is one of the 20th Century's most respected composers of [[TheMusical musicals]]. He's won seven Tony Awards, an Academy Award, several Grammy Awards, and the UsefulNotes/PulitzerPrize. He began on Broadway as a lyricist, and then began writing his own music. Critics of his work complain that the songs are too complex and unhummable, which he went on to [[LampshadeHanging lampshade]] in such works as ''Merrily We Roll Along'' and ''Theatre/SundayInTheParkWithGeorge''.
----
!!Works:
* ''Saturday Night'' (1954, though unproduced until 1997) (book by Julius J. Epstein and Philip G. Epstein)
* ''Theatre/WestSideStory'' (1957) (music by Music/LeonardBernstein; book by Arthur Laurents; directed by Jerome Robbins)
* ''Theatre/{{Gypsy}}'' (1959) (music by Jule Styne; book by Arthur Laurents; directed by Jerome Robbins)
* ''Theatre/AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum'' (1962) (book by Burt Shevelove and Larry Gelbart; directed by George Abbott)
* ''Theatre/AnyoneCanWhistle'' (1964) (book by Arthur Laurents; directed by Arthur Laurents)
* ''Do I Hear a Waltz?'' (1965) (music by Richard Rodgers; book by Arthur Laurents; directed by John Dexter)
* ''Evening Primrose'' (1966) (made for ABC TV) (teleplay by James Goldman, based on the short story by John Collier)
* ''Theatre/{{Company}}'' (1970) (book by George Furth; directed by Hal Prince)
* ''Theatre/{{Follies}}'' (1971) (book by James Goldman; directed by Hal Prince)
* ''Theatre/ALittleNightMusic'' (1973) (book by Hugh Wheeler; directed by Hal Prince)
* ''Theatre/TheFrogs'' (1974, revived in 2004) (play by Aristophanes)
* ''Theatre/PacificOvertures'' (1976) (book by John Weidman; directed by Hal Prince)
* ''Theatre/SweeneyToddTheDemonBarberOfFleetStreet'' (1979) (book by Hugh Wheeler; directed by Hal Prince)
* ''Theatre/MerrilyWeRollAlong'' (1981) (book by George Furth; directed by Hal Prince)
* ''Theatre/SundayInTheParkWithGeorge'' (1984) (book by James Lapine; directed by James Lapine)
* ''Theatre/IntoTheWoods'' (1987) (book by James Lapine; directed by James Lapine)
* ''Theatre/{{Assassins}}'' (1990) (book by John Weidman; directed by Jerry Zaks)
* ''Theatre/{{Passion}}'' (1994) (book by James Lapine; directed by James Lapine)
* ''Bounce'' (2003) (book by John Weidman; directed by Hal Prince)
** In 2008 ''Bounce'' was re-worked, with some songs removed and others added, one character entirely cut, and the plot rewritten; the resulting piece is now called ''Road Show'' and it opened off-Broadway in November 2008, directed by John Doyle.

Sondheim has also done the movie scores for two films: Creator/WarrenBeatty's ''Film/{{Reds}}'' and Creator/AlainResnais' ''Stavisky.'' His collected lyrics (with his comments and recollections) have been published in two volumes: ''Finishing the Hat'' and ''Look, I Made a Hat.''
----
!!Works by Stephen Sondheim without their own pages provide examples of:

* CutSong: The revue ''Marry Me A Little'' was made entirely from his [[CutSong Cut Songs]].
* {{Deconstruction}}: ''Road Show'' (the American Dream)
* DownerEnding: ''Evening Primrose''.
* NeverSpeakIllOfTheDead: Inverted in his books of collected & annotated lyrics, where he writes frank and incisive commentary about other lyricists' work, but only ones already dead. In his own words: "speaking ill exclusively of the dead seems to me the gentlemanly thing to do. The subject cannot be personally hurt, and his reputation is unlikely to be affected by anything you say, whereas publicly passing judgement on living writers is both hurtful and stifling."
* NoSongForTheWicked: Surprisingly, the villain in ''Evening Primrose'' (Ms. Munday) did not receive a song of her own, most likely because it was only written to fit within an hour of television broadcast time. Many fans think that if ''Evening Primrose'' were to be expanded for stage, Ms. Munday should deserve a song.
* SelfParody:
** Sondheim joined forces with Creator/AndrewLloydWebber for "Hey Mr Producer", a tribute concert to Cameron Mackintosh. They performed [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gRUSkUnc6WY a duet]] riffing on their songs "Send In The Clowns" and "Music of the Night", all while playfully ribbing Mackintosh.
** For the retrospective ''Sondheim on Sondheim'', he wrote a new song: [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfN6ZwttUDQ "God"]]
----