Samuel Ray Delany Jr. (born April 1, 1942), "Chip" to his friends, is an American ScienceFiction writer, critic, and academic. Generally associated with the NewWaveScienceFiction movement of the 1960's, he is often considered a prodigy, since his well-received first novel, ''The Jewels of Aptor'', was written when he was only nineteen, and only a few years later, he was winning UsefulNotes/{{Nebula Award}}s.

He was one of the first openly gay SF writers, one of the first really successful African-American SF writers, and almost certainly the first to be both--though the former has had more of an impact on his writing. His interest in the literary ideals of the New Wave movement led him to academia, and made him one of the first writers to really cross the bridge between SF and LitFic. Today, he is a professor of English and Creative Writing at Temple University in Philadelphia.

His best known novels include ''Literature/Babel17'' and ''The Einstein Intersection'' (both Nebula winners), ''Stars in My Pocket Like Grains of Sand'', ''Literature/{{Nova}}'', and ''Literature/{{Dhalgren}}''.

!! Works with a page on this wiki:
%% Short stories get double-quotes; novels get italics.
* "[[Literature/DangerousVisions Aye, and Gomorrah...]]" %% don't index this!
* ''Literature/Babel17''
* ''Literature/{{Dhalgren}}''
* ''Literature/EmpireStar''
* ''Literature/{{Nova}}''
!! Selected other works:
* ''The Jewels of Aptor'' (1962)
* ''The Fall of the Towers'' trilogy
** ''Captives of the Flame'' (aka ''Out of the Dead City'') (1963)
** ''The Towers of Toron'' (1964)
** ''City of a Thousand Suns'' (1956)
* ''The Ballad of Beta-2'' (1965)
* ''The Einstein Intersection'' (1967)
* ''Triton'' (aka ''Trouble on Triton'') (1976)
* ''Empire'' (a "visual novel") (1978)
* The ''Nevèrÿon'' series
** ''Tales of Nevèrÿon'' (1979)
** ''Neveryóna'' (1983)
** ''Flight from Nevèrÿon'' (1985)
** ''The Bridge of Lost Desire'' (1987)
* ''Stars in My Pockets Like Grains of Sand'' (1984)
* ''They Fly at Çiron'' (1993)
* ''Dark Reflections'' (2007)
* ''Through the Valley of the Nest of Spiders'' (2012)
!! Tropes in his other works:

* AfterTheEnd: In ''The Fall of the Towers'' trilogy, hundreds of years have passed since the legendary "Great Fire", which left most of the world an uninhabitable radioactive wasteland. Most of what survived are islands. The kingdom of Toromon started on an island, and now controls many islands as well as a rare habitable chunk of the mainland.
* ArtificialMeat: ''Stars in My Pocket Like Grains of Sand'' has vat grown meat cultures from humans.
* BalladOfX: ''The Ballad of Beta-2''.
* DilatingDoor: ''Stars in My Pocket Like Grains of Sand'' had "the door deliquesced".
* EveryoneIsBi: In ''Triton'', not everyone is bi but most people are.
* GettingSmiliesPaintedOnYourSoul: In ''Stars in My Pocket Like Grains of Sand'', people can actually volunteer for this, and be guaranteed happiness for the rest of their lives. The downside is that they must volunteer for slavery as payment. But they'll be ''happy'' slaves. The procedure is called "Radical Anxiety Termination", and the resulting slaves are therefore referred to as "rats".
* HumanOutsideAlienInside: In ''City of a Thousand Suns'', an alien is described as looking exactly like a human woman, but "[i]nternal examination and genetic analysis would prove her a bisexual species of moss."
* InstrumentalWeapon: In ''The Einstein Intersection'', Lo Lobey has a machete which has been modified to work as a flute.
* LightspeedLeapfrog: ''The Ballad of Beta-2'' has an anthropology student sent to investigate the culture of a fleet of GenerationShips which had arrived at their destination long after it had already been colonized by FTL. By that time, the descendants of the original crews had no interest in living off their ships or interacting with anyone else so the fleet was set aside as a reservation for their odd culture.
* LongTitle:
** The Hugo- and Nebula-winning novella "Time Considered as a Helix of Semi-Precious Stones". (For the curious, those semi-precious stones are used by the underworld as a sort of universal codeword. The stone is changed periodically - hence the name.)
** The novel ''Stars in My Pocket Like Grains of Sand''.
** And the truly impressive story, "We, in Some Strange Power's Employ, Move in a Rigorous Line". (Yes, that's the title, not a quote from the story.)
* TheMilkyWayIsTheOnlyWay: In the story "The Star Pit", only people with a specific set of psychological issues can handle going outside the galaxy, even though interstellar travel is ridiculously convenient.
* ThemedAliases: In "Time Considered as a Helix of Semi-Precious Stones", the protagonist was an orphan, saddled with the name Harold Clancy Everet. Turning to a life of crime, he never used that name again. His aliases, however all have the initials HCE. Indeed, he is identified by that to the reader, i.e. we are introduced to each alias and know it is him by those initials. All the aliases used by the narrator have the initials H.C.E., a reference to ''Literature/FinnegansWake'' by Creator/JamesJoyce.
* {{Veganopia}}: In ''Stars in My Pocket Like Grains of Sand'', the enlightened human narrator is shocked at the idea of eating meat from what had been a living animal... being much more comfortable eating vat-grown human flesh.