'''Robert Altman''' (19252006) was an American film director and screenwriter.

One of his famous techniques was to film group scenes continuously with multiple cameras, forcing the actors to stay in character and sometimes to improvise action or dialogue because any moment of their performance could [[ThrowItIn end up in the film]].

A moviemaking maverick with little use for the Hollywood establishment, Altman was nevertheless nominated for the UsefulNotes/AcademyAward for Best Director five times, and was awarded an Honorary Oscar in 2006.

Altman occasionally dabbled in songwriting as well, most notably in CountryMusic singer John Anderson's 1983 hit "Black Sheep".

!!Works by Robert Altman with their own trope pages include:

* ''Film/{{MASH}}'' (1970)
* ''Film/McCabeAndMrsMiller'' (1971)
* ''Film/TheLongGoodbye'' (1973)
* ''Film/CaliforniaSplit'' (1974)
* ''Film/{{Nashville}}'' (1975)
* ''Film/ThreeWomen'' (1977)
* ''Film/{{Quintet}}'' (1979)
* ''Film/{{Popeye}}'' (1980)
* ''Film/SecretHonor'' (1984)
* ''Film/ThePlayer'' (1992)
* ''Film/ShortCuts'' (1993)
* ''Film/CookiesFortune'' (1999)
* ''Film/GosfordPark'' (2001)
* ''Film/APrairieHomeCompanion'' (2006)

!!Other works by Robert Altman provide examples of:

* TheDanza: Played with in ''Images'', where every major cast member plays a character with the same first name as ''another'' major cast member.
* {{Deconstruction}}: Of all kinds of American ideas, myths and imagery in general.
** His genre films like ''Film/McCabeAndMrsMiller'' portrayed the most historically [[ShownTheirWork researched]] depiction of what TheWildWest was really like and the kind of characters that existed there.
** His movies deconstruct politics as a whole. With ''Tanner '88'' (an {{Creator/HBO}} {{mockumentary}} miniseries directed by Altman and written by [[ComicStrip/{{Doonesbury}} Garry Trudeau]]) this is taken UpToEleven, giving us an accurate look at the demands of a Presidential campaign.
* EitherOrTitle: ''Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson''
* GenreBusting: All his films, to the point that he invented his own genre of HyperlinkStory that later critics called the Altmanesque film. His earlier films, ''Film/TheLongGoodbye'' and ''Film/McCabeAndMrsMiller'', deconstructed FilmNoir and TheWestern itself.
* HyperlinkStory: ''[=Brewster McCloud=]'', ''Film/{{MASH}}'', ''Film/ShortCuts'', ''Film/{{Nashville}}'', ''Health'', ''Film/GosfordPark'', ''Kansas City'', ''Film/APrairieHomeCompanion'', ''Film/CookiesFortune'' and his TV Miniseries ''Tanner' 88''.
* {{Improv}}: If you're in a Robert Altman movie, you better be prepared to make up most, if not all of your lines.
* LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters: Frequently, it's pretty much what he's best known for. Massively ensemble dramas like ''Film/{{Magnolia}}'' and ''Film/{{Crash}}'' tend to get compared to his work.
* RaisedCatholic: He became lapsed over the years, and his films generally have an indifferent or irreverent attitude toward religion (exemplified by the LastSupperSteal in ''Film/{{MASH}}'').
* RealisticDictionIsUnrealistic: Famous for averting this trope, usually with overlapping dialogue and some improvisation.