Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, more often known as Machado de Assis (June 21, 1839–September 29, 1908), was a Brazilian novelist, poet, playwright and Short Story writer. He started his carreer as a proofreader on a small newspaper and died recognized by many as the most important Brazilian writer. Some of his works, which often display his witty, sarcastic attitude, are still read in Brazilian schools to this day. Although he is mainly unknown outside Brazil, he has attrected some attention: Woody Allen admitted to being his fan and Harold Bloom called him "the supreme black literary artist to date". Machado de Assis was a polyglot, having learned French, English, German and Greek later in life.
Examples of his works:
- O Alienista
- Esau E Jaco
- Dom Casmurro
- Memorial De Aires
- Missa Do Galo, one of his most famous short stories
- Posthumous Memoirs Of Bras Cubas, also known in English as Epitaph for a Small Winner
- Quincas Borba, also known as Philosopher or Dog?
Works by Machado de Assis with their own pages:
Other works by Machado de Assis contain examples of:
- Breaking the Fourth Wall
- Character Title: Quincas Borba, Helena.
- Continuity Nod: Quincas Borba started as a character in Posthumous Memoirs of Brás Cubas, wherein he starts developing his Humanitist philosophy.
- Deadpan Snarker: Prevalent in Machado de Assis' more famous works.
- How We Got Here: Brás Cubas decides to start his Posthumous Memoirs from the last days of his life, and then he goes on to tell his story from when he was a child.
- Posthumous Narration: Posthumous Memoirs of Brás Cubas.
- Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism: As a writer in the brazilian realist tradition, his works lean much more heavily towards the cynical end of the scale, focusing on the psychological complexity and flaws of his characters, and the hipocrisy and contradictory nature of brazilian society.