"Duh duh duh DUH!"
—Excerpt from the "Fifth Symphony", which everyone on Earth knows
There are many princes and noblemen. There is only one Beethoven.German Composer (c. 17 December 1770 — 26 March 1827) of Classical Music, generally considered one of the most talented and influential of all time.Born in Bonn to a family of Flemish origin (that's why it's van Beethoven, not von, and he's not a nobleman — Dutch "van" is no indication of nobility), he moved to Vienna in the 1790s, at first attracting attention for his virtuoso piano performances. His earlier compositions were accomplished but derivative pieces (on the surface, at least) in the Classical Era style of Joseph Haydn and Mozart.Then he started to go deaf, and everything changed. He began to compose dramatic, emotional works on a scale far larger than anything most musicians had worked on before. They eventually laid the foundation for the Romantic Era of music.Beethoven wrote music in a wide variety of genres, including a single opera, Fidelio. He is most famous, however, for his symphonies. His Fifth Symphony is filled with spectacular moments. His epic and inspirational Ninth Symphony, first performed in 1824 when Beethoven was almost completely deaf, has become one of the world's most famous musical works, eventually becoming the anthem of The European Union. Thanks to Popcultural Osmosis you probably know the "Ode to Joy" from the fourth movement even if you've never heard the rest of the symphony.Throughout the ninteenth century, Beethoven's works were upheld among even the greatest composers as the impossibly-high standard one should always try to strive to match, even if one could never succeed in doing so. Franz Schubert went into a kind of compositional paralysis after he heard a Beethoven symphony, believing much of his own work was no longer worth pursuing when something that great was out there. Richard Wagner, whose ego was nearly as large as Germany itself and who would never hesitate to tell everyone how great he was, could only bring himself to proclaim that he was the successor to Beethoven, not Beethoven's equal or better.Beethoven may have been an alien spy. Or possibly a Time Lord. Or maybe even you!
—The Man Himself.
Tropes present in his work:
- Broken Pedestal: The third symphony which he dedicated to Napoleon, because he thought that he represented all the good ideals of the French Revolution. When he got the news that Napoleon declared himself emperor, he destroyed the first page of his work.
- Deaf Composer: He counts as at least the honorary Trope Codifier.
- Everything Is an Instrument: The overture "Wellington's Victory" calls for groups of muskets and cannons to exchange fire, depicting the battle rather literally.
- Everyone Knows Morse: The opening theme of the fifth symphony ("da da da DUM") coincidentally matches the Morse Code for the letter "V," so it was popularly played by the Allies during World War II to signify "Victory."
- For Happiness: The recitative of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony, set to snippets of Schiller's Ode to Joy is about happiness being the right and desire of every human being.
- Hero-Worshipper: The story behind Beethoven's Symphony No. 3 was that he created it with the life of Napoleon Bonaparte in mind. The main reason was Beethoven viewed Napoleon as a rebel hero during The French Revolution. When the Frenchman went all A God Am I and declared himself emperor, Beethoven lost it - he seized the title page of his work and tore it in half before throwing it to the floor - and renamed the symphony "Eroica" instead of "Bonaparte". He re-dedicated it as "[A] Heroic Symphony, written to celebrate the memory of a great man", which might be read as Beethoven declaring that Bonaparte was Dead to him, but when Bonaparte actually died, Beethoven remarked "I wrote the music for this sad event seventeen years ago", referring to the second movement of the symphony - the Funeral March.
- Let's See You Do Better: Wellington's Victory is typically seen as absolutely horrible, especially by Beethoven's standards. His response to all the criticism was, "What I shit is better than anything you could think up!" He was probably right.
- Music of Note: Ask any person on the street to name a great composer; odds are very good that the first name they think of will be "Beethoven." And they'll probably also know that he wrote "Da da da DUM" and the "Ode to Joy" and....
- Money, Dear Boy: The notorious Wellington's Victory was hardly his greatest work, but Beethoven took the commission knowing the martial theme would be a popular hit and help pay the bills.
- Orchestral Bombing:
- Much of his music, especially the symphonies, has a grand and heroic sound that works very well for this trope.
- Wellington's Victory plays it quite literally with a battery of percussion instruments and other effects meant to simulate the sound of a battlefield. The score actually calls for live cannon and musket fire.
- Out-of-Genre Experience: A large set of arrangements of Irish, Scottish, and Welsh folk songs leave some critics scratching their heads, but he took a lot of time and care over them (of course the generous commission didn't hurt either). In fact, the trope might even be inverted considering that by the numbers, he wrote more folk song arrangements than any other genre.
- The Perfectionist: Beethoven's scores and sketches are famously filled with violently scrawled crossings-out and corrections in search of the exact right notes. Naturally, it paid off.
- Quality Over Quantity: Unlike his sometime teacher, Haydn, who wrote more than a hundred symphonies, and the person who he wanted to study under, Mozart, who wrote a few dozen, Beethoven only wrote nine (nobody ever counts Wellington's Victory among the canonical ones).
- Romanticism: Regarded as a Trope Codifier.
- Sense Loss Sadness: Described in poignant detail in his "Heiligenstadt Testament." He reveals that as he progressively lost his hearing he was nearly Driven to Suicide, but fortunately for everyone, he finally resolved to keep composing anyway.
- Standard Snippet:
- There is recent recognition that the introduction to Symphony No. 3 "Eroica" falls under this category.
- His Fifth Symphony (Da da da DUMMM!). During World War II, the first measure was an Allied Leitmotif, its four notes matching the Morse Code for "V" (for Victory). And the irony of using Germany's greatest composer against the Germans.
- The Moonlight Sonata. The first movement is probably best known to 8-bit-era gamers as "the Jet Set Willy theme". Resident Evil also featured the first movement of this piece.
- Ode to Joy from the Ninth Symphony is the official anthem of the European Union. Die Hard and A Clockwork Orange too.
- Für Elise, a short piece for solo piano (which wasn't published until after Beethoven died).
- Urban Legend: The story of Beethoven defacing the title page of the "Eroica" in a rage over Napoleon often gets exaggerated in the retelling. Contrary to some accounts, Beethoven did not rip the score in half, stomp on it, or throw it in the fire; he did however cross out Bonaparte's name so violently that the pen ripped through the page. (It can be seen here◊.)
Beethoven in popular culture
- Peanuts: Schroeder is a massive Loony Fan of the composer. Generations of children grew up reading Peanuts strips in which character Schroeder was an obsessive Loony Fan of Beethoven, originally as a means for cartoonist Charles Schulz to parody one of the first children's fads, the cult of Davy Crockett merchandise in the 1950s. According to the Beethoven Exhibit at the Charles Schulz museum in Santa Rosa, Schulz liked Mozart more, but decided that "Beethoven" was funnier as a name.
- A Clockwork Orange: In the novel, as well as the film version, Alex adores the music of Beethoven as one of his few passions other than rape and violence. The film version, A Clockwork Orange, uses music from the Ninth Symphony on the soundtrack, which causes Soundtrack Dissonance due to it actually being composed as an ode to peace.
- A bust of Beethoven can be seen on the album cover of Frank Zappa's We're Only in It for the Money. Actually Zappa wanted a bust of his real hero Edgard Varèse, but since they couldn't find any he settled on one of Beethoven instead.
- When Yoko Ono (who'd had piano lessons from the age of 4) played Beethoven's "Moonlight Sonata" to John Lennon, he was inspired to write The Beatles' song "Because". Lennon later claimed that the chords of "Because" are based on the "Moonlight Sonata" played backwards. They aren't.
- Beethoven's Pastoral Symphony is used in Fantasia and his Fifth Symphony at the start of Fantasia 2000.
- His life story is shown in the Biopic Immortal Beloved.
- Time Squad visits him in a wrong timeline where he became a wrestler and has to be persuaded to become a composer again.
- Epic Rap Battles of History: Once battled against Justin Bieber.
- Sparks released a Concept Album called Lil' Beethoven in 2002. It told the story of how the title character - a Reclusive Artist and the present day descendent of composer Ludwig van Beethoven - had been approached by the brothers to work on new material with them, the nine songs bearing the fruits of this supposed collaboration.
- Trans-Siberian Orchestra released a Rock Opera named Beethoven's Last Night about his work.
- Despite his name, he does not feature in Beethoven: The Animated Series.
- Has nothing to do with a Saint Bernard in the movie series that bears his name.
- He is mentioned as being dead in the song "Decomposing Composers" by Michael Palin sang on Monty Python's Monty Pythons Contractual Obligation Album.
- Chuck Berry titled "Roll Over Beethoven" after him, considering he could roll over in his grave if he heard rock and roll. The song was also notably covered by the Electric Light Orchestra, Jerry Lee Lewis, and The Beatles.
- Kamen Rider Ghost features Beethoven as one of fifteen main Eyecons, based on fifteen different historical people. Assuming Beethoven Damashii, Takeru/Ghost can create energy constructs of musical notes through sound and use them in a manner similar to how a conductor controls an orchestra via hand gestures.
- Classicaloid brings Beethoven to modern day Japan and gives him Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart as a buddy. This Beethoven makes gyoza his reason to live, though - he'll only conduct music if he's triggered.