Kennedy Cartoons was an animation studio founded in UsefulNotes/{{Toronto}} by animator Glen Kennedy in 1989, with a branch in the Philippines opening in 1992 (largely for ink-and-paint/camera work). It is known among animation fans for its varying animation quality and its many OffModel moments. The studio is also known for its stretchy and bouncy character animation.

Some of its Manila staff (such as Annabelle Galvez, Joseph Balderas, and Ronaldo Delfino) migrated to Creator/ToonCity. After Kennedy closed, Glen founded One Shot Pro, which worked on ''Hoze Houndz''.

Here's Glen Kennedy's site: [[ Kennedy Animation Inc.]]

Compare Creator/StarToons, which worked on some of Kennedy's cartoons.
!!Kennedy Cartoons worked on the following shows:
* ''WesternAnimation/AladdinTheSeries'': 12 episodes [[labelnote:List]]"As the Netherworld Turns", "Eye of the Beholder", "The Game", The Lost City of the Sun", "Mission Imp Possible", "Much Abu About Something", "Night of the Living Mud", "Poor Iago", "Sandswitch", "Smolder and Wiser", "Stinkerbelle", "The Way We War"[[/labelnote]]
* ''Bibi Blocksberg''
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Bonkers}}'': 8 episodes [[labelnote:List]]"Out of Sight, Out of Toon", "Once in a Blue Toon", "Tune Pig", "Frame That Toon", "A Wooly Bully", "The Final Review", "Miracle at the 34th Precinct", "Fall-Apart Land"[[/labelnote]], plus one short [[labelnote:List]]"Goldijitters and the Three Bobcats"[[/labelnote]]
* Britannica Tales From Around The World: One short: "The Sun, Moon, and Talia" (with assistance by Creator/BonArt).
* ''WesternAnimation/DarkwingDuck'': 6 episodes [[labelnote:List]]"Darkwing Doubloon", "Dry Hard", "Jurassic Jumble", "Up, Up, and Awry", "Water Way to Go", "Whiffle While You Work"[[/labelnote]]. All had assistance by Creator/BonArt.
* ''WesternAnimation/FantasticFour'' (1990s series; Season one opening with Encore Communications). Also one episode: "Mole Man", with Creator/WangFilmProductions.
* ''WesternAnimation/GoofTroop'': 15 episodes [[labelnote:List]]"Counterfeit Goof", "Cabana Fever", "Hot Air", "Max-imum Protection", "Cat's Entertainment", "Hallow-Weenies", "Tub Be Or Not To Be", "Lethal Goofin", "For Pete's Sake", "Educating Goofy", "Queasy Rider", "Puppy Love", "Talent to the Max", "Sherlock Goof", "Clan of the Cave Goof"[[/labelnote]]; several with assistance from Wang (four episodes) and Creator/BonArt. Also worked on the opening.
* ''WesternAnimation/IronMan'' (Storyboards; season one)
* ''WesternAnimation/MutantLeague'' (storyboards)
* ''WesternAnimation/ThePiratesOfDarkWater'' (uncredited; animator [[ James Straus]] has mentioned working on it)
* ''WesternAnimation/RawToonage'' (one short: "Goldijitters and the Three Bobcats")
* ''WesternAnimation/TimonAndPumbaa'' (uncredited; unknown which specific episodes)
* ''WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures'': 17 episodes [[labelnote:List]]"The Looney Beginning", "Hare Today, Gone Tomorrow", "Gang Busters", "Buster and the Wolverine", "You Asked For It Part II", "Fields of Honey", "Inside Plucky Duck", "The ACME Bowl", "Best O' Plucky Duck Day", "Son of Looniversity Daze", "Who Bopped Bugs Bunny", "Pollution Solution", "You Asked For It Again", "How Sweetie It Is", "New Character Day" (incorrectly credited as by Wang), "High Toon"[[/labelnote]] ; With assistance from Creator/FilCartoons and Creator/WangFilmProductions. Also provided layouts (but not the animation) for "Fairy Tales For the '90s".
* ''WesternAnimation/WhatACartoonShow'' ("Tales of Worm Paranoia") (co-production with Creator/CarbunkleCartoons)

!!NOT animated by Kennedy Cartoons but similar in style:
* ''WesternAnimation/JetsonsTheMovie'': Animation by Creator/WangFilmProductions, Cuckoo's Nest and Creator/FilCartoons. Glen Kennedy was an animator, and [[ his style is unmistakable.]] (see about 31 seconds in)
* ''WesternAnimation/APupNamedScoobyDoo'': Animation by Creator/WangFilmProductions and Cuckoo's Nest. The first season episodes featured Glen Kennedy as an animation director, hence the similar style.[[labelnote:Note]]The episodes that are most Kennedy-esque are "A Bicycle Built For Boo", "The Sludge Monster From the Earth's Core," "Now Museum, Now You Don't", "Scooby Dude" and "Lights, Camera, Monster"[[/labelnote]]
* ''ComicStrip/HagarTheHorrible'' Hagar Knows Best: The animation was done by Creator/WangFilmProductions and Cuckoo's Nest, Glen Kennedy was one of the animation directors and some scenes are animated in his signature style.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheWackyWorldOfTexAvery'': Animation by Creator/HongYing. The opening sequence was animated by Animasia, a Singapore-based studio where Glen Kennedy was a staff member. The intro definitely carries his style.

!!Tropes found in Kennedy Cartoons' work:
* AnimationBump: Certain animators from the studio (such as Glen Kennedy) went above and beyond by producing full animation for their sequences. For a TV production, this was (and still is) rare, especially from a domestic studio.
** Say what you will about the character designs, but when it comes to the amount of drawings, the first few minutes of "Fields of Honey" are exceptional. The same is true for the first short in "Best O' Plucky Duck Day".
** Generally people will agree that the best animated sequences were done by ''Creator/JonMcclenahan'' (who would later found the animation studio [=StarToons=]) and John Williamson.
* ArtEvolution: When the studio began, Glen Kennedy's bouncy style heavily influenced many of the animators, but his visual influence became less and less evident with each passing Disney show, to the point that his style is barely present in ''Aladdin'' (if at all). Also, Kennedy's Tiny Toons work had three periods: the first 5 episodes were extremely bouncy and cartoony, the last 3 episodes are the least bouncy and have tons of off-model moments. The 9 episodes inbetween are mildly bouncy and quite normal.
* DeclarativeFinger: Characters animated by Kennedy often have a tendency to do this as they speak.
* DependingOnTheArtist: And ''how''. One of the major differences between Kennedy and other studios is how easy it is to differentiate between different animation styles during an episode. Opinions differ on whether this is a good thing; proponents like that an individual's thumbprint is still seen in the final animation because it gives the work a more personal touch, while opponents consider this is a sloppy practice because to them, if the designs/animation style aren't 100% uniform throughout the episode, it's considered OffModel.
* DerangedAnimation: Some scenes Kennedy animated for ''TTA'' that usually lasted for a split second or two.
** David Feiss animated on a few of the early Kennedy episodes (most notably in "Buster and the Wolverine" and "You Asked For It Part II"), and his scenes stick out quite a bit, looking somewhat similar to ''WesternAnimation/CowAndChicken''.
* EverybodyDoTheEndlessLoop: In the Tiny Toons work, sometimes characters would do a rather nutty dance move reminiscent of Kennedy's earlier work on ''WesternAnimation/APupNamedScoobyDoo'', and on occasion, characters may break out into dance ''for no reason'' (such as in "Buster And the Wolverine"). This practice was quickly nixed after the first few KC episodes, though.
* OffModel: They were fired after the first season of ''TTA'' because of this. As the rumor goes, episodes like "The ACME Bowl" and "High Toon" had to be almost entirely re-animated from scratch (usually by Wang). However, they quickly found work over at Disney anyway.
* SignatureStyle: As far as Glen Kennedy is concerned, bouncy and stretchy characters, mouths that are frequently in the "o" position, shuffling feet, and many oft-repeated sight gags (such as characters stretching to absurd lengths before zipping off-screen). [[ This YTP encapsulates many of those traits.]]
* ThickLineAnimation: Most pronounced in the ''Tiny Toon'' episodes "Hare Today, Gone Tomorrow" and "Buster and the Wolverine".
* WildTake: Glen Kennedy could do some really crazy and off-the-wall wild takes that would've done Creator/TexAvery and Creator/BobClampett proud. This is mostly prominent in ''A Pup Named Scooby-Doo'' and their earlier ''Tiny Toons'' work.