->''"I see that it is by no means useless to travel, if a man wants to see something new."''
-->-- '''Passepartout''' in ''Literature/AroundTheWorldInEightyDays''

'''Jules [[EmbarrassingMiddleName Gabriel]] Verne''' (1828-1905) was an influential 19th century French novelist who became famous for his adventure novels and SpeculativeFiction. He is widely credited as being one of the pioneers of the SpeculativeFiction genre (the others being Creator/MarkTwain, Creator/MaryShelley, Creator/EdgarAllanPoe, and Creator/HGWells). His works greatly influenced several generations of authors, and is often the basis for the modern {{Steampunk}} setting.

Jules Verne wrote about space and undersea travel before such things were possible, and many early engineers and scientists said his works greatly influenced their careers. In fact, some of his works were eerily on-target predictions of the future in many ways... [[ScienceMarchesOn some more than others, naturally]]. He is also the seldom-credited inventor of the TransformingMecha concept in the form of the ''Terror'', Robur's newest flying machine in ''Master of the World'', which can also become a sub or an armored car. Sadly, Verne being the [[MohsScaleOfScienceFictionHardness stickler for realism]] that he was, the world would have to wait another century for the Japanese to be crazy enough to come up with the idea of the now ubiquitous humanoid robot mode.

He also wrote short stories and some {{nonfiction}} works, including a seminal historical overview of famous explorers and their achievements. Intended originally as a [[MoneyDearBoy quick side project]] to pad his permanently thin wallet, it eventually grew into a compendium rivaling in size even the ''Voyages Extraordinaires'' themselves.

Jules Verne's works are [[http://jv.gilead.org.il/evans/VerneTrans%28article%29.html notorious for being poorly translated into English]], specifically by [[SmallNameBigEgo arrogant]], [[{{Bowdlerise}} censor-happy]], [[BlindIdiotTranslation blind idiots]] who [[WritersCannotDoMath can't do math]]. Beware, particularly with public domain translations. His works also suffered from ExecutiveMeddling of his friend and publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel (for instance, changing Captain Nemo's origin to an Indian fighting the English from a Pole fighting the Russians, as France was allied with Russia at the time), who generally demanded happy endings for the protagonists. You see, Verne ''wasn't'' a cheerful and spunky man by a long shot, he always was more on a brooding side, and especially in his late years, his difficult family life and declining health had led him to grow [[HumansAreBastards increasingly bitter and misanthropic]], which is evident from his later works, where he earned a ProtectionFromEditors after Hetzel died and his son (who basically grew up at Verne's home and counted him as his favorite uncle) couldn't bring himself to insist on the changes he wanted.

Another thing is that many of his posthumous works (Verne was a prolific author and there was a large backlog of unpublished novels after his death in 1905, which were published well into the RoaringTwenties) were extensively edited (up to the point of a complete rewrite) or even made from the whole cloth by his son and heir Michel Verne. Michel, while being in general a classic ''[[EnfantTerrible enfant terrible]]'', and a cause for a lot of trouble for his father, by the end of his life made up with him and become his advisor and assistant. Due to the way he was working, Verne left a lot of unfinished novels in the various states of completion, from the simple outline to the almost complete manuscript, so Michel, who inherited his father's archive, completed and reedited these drafts himself as he saw fit, so the Verne scholars to this day are still trying to separate Michel's influence from Jules' last works. Fortunately Michel was a good enough writer for this matter to be only of academic importance.

!! Works with a page on this wiki:
* ''Literature/AroundTheWorldInEightyDays''
* ''Literature/TheBegumsMillions''
* ''Literature/TheCastleInTransylvania''
* ''Literature/FiveWeeksInABalloon''
* ''Literature/FromTheEarthToTheMoon'' and its sequel ''Around the Moon''
* ''Literature/InSearchOfTheCastaways'' (aka ''The Children of Captain Grant'')
* ''Literature/JourneyToTheCenterOfTheEarth''
* ''Literature/MichaelStrogoff''
* ''Literature/TheMysteriousIsland''
* ''Literature/ParisInTheTwentiethCentury''
* ''Literature/RoburTheConqueror''
* ''Literature/TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea''
* ''Literature/TheSteamHouse''

!!An incomplete list of his other books:

* ''The Adventures of Captain Hatteras''
* ''An Antarctic Mystery'' a.k.a. ''The Sphinx of the Ice Fields''
* ''The Archipelago on Fire''
* ''Dick Sand, A Captain at Fifteen''
* ''Eight Hundred Leagues on the Amazon''
* ''The Flight to France''
* ''A Floating City''
* ''In The Year 2889'' (with his son Michel)
* ''Invasion of the Sea''
* ''The Lighthouse at the End of the World''
* ''Master of the World''
* ''Off on a Comet''
* ''Propeller Island''
* ''The Purchase of the North Pole''
* ''The Secret of Wilhelm Storitz'' (edited by his son Michel)
* ''Tribulations of a Chinaman in China''
* ''Two Years' Vacation''
* ''The Village in the Treetops''

* ''Celebrated Travels and Travellers''
* ''The Exploration of the World''
* ''The Great Explorers of the Nineteenth Century''
* ''The Great Navigators of the Eighteenth Century''
!!Verne's life, style of writing and works show examples of the following tropes:
* AcceptableBreaksFromReality:
** In many works, a real landscape, event or phenomenon is [[PlayedForDrama exaggerated for dramatic purposes]].
** ''Literature/RoburTheConqueror'': The flying ship is carried by storm between Mount Erebus and Mount Terror and narrowly misses by a lucky helm handling the flames spewing from Mount Erebus' crater. The tone of the story makes people think it as some [[StarWars dashing flight through a canyon of fire]]. In RealLife the mountains are separated by more than 15 miles, Mount Terror has been extinct for at least 800 000 years and Mount Erebus' flames never jump for thousands of yards into the atmosphere.
* TheAlternet: In ''Paris in the Twentieth Century'' banks communicate via a linked network of fax-style document machines ([[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telautograph which did exist in]] RealLife during the 1890s, but on smaller scale). Possibly the UrExample.
* AntiHero[=/=]AntiVillain: Many of his most famous MadScientist and GeniusBruiser characters, including Captain Nemo and Robur the Conqueror.
* ArtisticLicenseEconomics: ''The Incredible Adventures of Barsac's Expedition'' features a highly advanced city built by the villains in some inaccessible place in uncharted African lands. The sole way to finance the construction and a giant factory building most advanced technology is a string of bank robberies in Europe. One of the characters [[LampshadeHanging lampshades]] it by saying something along the lines of "how do they got you the money to build all this? The BigBad has to be at least a billionaire."
* BlackBestFriend: Typical secondary characters in novels with larger casts. While he did use some of them as PluckyComicRelief and they often served as a TokenMinority, he almost always portrayed them in a positive light and as resourceful, intelligent and equal to white characters. Best example being ''Dick Sand, A Captain at Fifteen'', where the Black characters who aid the hero are loyal, devoted and brave fighters. A notable exception is the black servant in ''Literature/RoburTheConqueror'', portrayed as an abject coward and not particularly bright.
* BornInTheWrongCentury: Verne was really ahead of his own time. Many of his stories features inventions like space travel that are so accurately described that you would forget that many of these things weren't invented yet in his own lifetime!
* CanonWelding[=/=]MassiveMultiplayerCrossover: To a smaller extent on a few occasions. ''The Mysterious Island'' linked the previous novels ''In Search of the Castaways'' and ''Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea'' with itself into a loose trilogy (via the characters of former pirate Ayrton and Captain Nemo). Verne's fans tend to call the three novels "[[FanNickname The Sea Trilogy]]".
** Some novels contain just a single-line link to other novels. For example, ''Literature/RoburTheConqueror'' mentions the cannon from ''Literature/TheBegumsMillions''.
* CreatorBreakdown: A mild form happened later into the Verne's life. A combination of family problems[[note]]He grew progressively more distant from his wife, his son was a good-for-nothing playboy with atrocious business sense, and his nephew Gaston was mentally ill[[/note]], bad health, partly stemming from the very same problems, and loss of some of the closest people to him his brother Paul and his longtime friend and publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel drove Verne to progressively darker views on the life and science, obvious in his later works.
* CripplingTheCompetition: In ''Michel Strogoff'', the eponymous character is blinded by having his eyes exposed to a heated iron by his foes.
* DarkAndTroubledPast: A lot of his characters, especially those who would've been seen as social outcasts by contemporary 19th century society. Many of them eventually get better and become TheAtoner. Others, not so much...
* {{Dystopia}}: Some of his novels feature varying examples of this. A good full-blown example is his early novel ''Literature/ParisInTheTwentiethCentury''. One of the {{Ruritania}}s in ''Literature/TheBegumsMillions'' is clearly a TakeThat at the Prussian militaristic tradition and the German arms industry of the pre-WorldWarOne era (to the extent of giving off PuttingOnTheReich vibes, despite being written many decades before this trope came in full force). ''Propeller Island'' is an allegorical HumansAreBastards novel, where the inhabitants of a mobile and hi-tech island utopia eventually end up in petty arguments and in-fighting, unwittingly damaging the island's drive and buoyancy mechanisms, sinking it in the process. Works with dystopian overtones were more common in his later life, when CreatorBreakdown and RealLifeWritesThePlot started settling in.
** The most shining example is probably his posthumous novel ''The Incredible Adventures of Barsac's Expedition'', set in the DarkestAfrica, which he started shortly before his death in 1905 and which was completed by his son from Vere's outline some 10 years later. Its bleakness is comparable to the ''ParisInTheTwentiethCentury'', though much of it probably stems from his son's touch Michel Verne was fond of writing {{Dystopia}}s.
* EnfantTerrible: Verne's son Michel, who was for much of his life a good-for-nothing playboy, and even when he became more subdued with age he remained a total loser in business and private life, and his father had to constantly bail him out. What's interesting, despite Michel's erratic behavior, he later made up with his father and became an heir to his archive. As turned out later, he's also basically co-wrote much of Jules' posthumous works.
** His nephew Gaston, the son of Jules' much beloved younger brother Paul, was mentally ill and once shot his uncle to the leg. Verne never completely recovered and walked with a heavy limp until the end. As he couldn't go to sea anymore due to his injury (and because he needed money to pay for one of Michel's many business blunders), he had to sell his favorite yacht, which he always used as a retreat from his difficult home life. This greatly contributed to his darker outlook on society and technological progress late in life.
* ExecutiveMeddling: As noted above, at a certain angle Hetzel could almost be counted as a Verne's co-author.
* FanSequel: [[OlderThanTheyThink Believe it or not]], ''Literature/TheSphinxOfTheIceFields'' is this for Creator/EdgarAllanPoe's famous horror/mystery novel ''Literature/TheNarrativeOfArthurGordonPymOfNantucket''. Verne's novel had many {{Continuity Nod}}s towards Poe's and expanded on its cliffhanger, but opted for a more NothingIsScarier approach, rather than overly physical threats to the characters (e. g. the Tsalal natives seemed to have gone extinct due to a mysterious plague). Verne was a life-long fan of Poe and even tried to emulate his style in some of his fiction during various eras of his writing career.
* FantasyConflictCounterpart: ''Literature/TheBegumsMillions'' has two competing cities as expies for France and Germany. Verne made no bones on where his sympathies were.
* ForeignCultureFetish: In his early years, he adored British culture and science, but later became Britophobic for some reason and shifted his focus to Americans. This is noticeable in his later novels, where American and French characters are often portrayed in a somewhat friendlier light than British ones (though the Brits are rarely villains and mostly end up as JerkWithAHeartOfGold characters at worst).
* GloriousMotherRussia: Verne was somewhat interested in Russia -- as was a significant part of the French society in XIX century -- and often used it as his setting, but most of these books were largely informed by this trope: despite the interest, the mid-XIX century perception of Russia in France was largely EntertaininglyWrong. Verne himself never visited the country unlike his literary mentor [[Creator/AlexandreDumas Dumas-père]] -- he planned a Black Sea tour during one of his Mediterranean cruises, but the trip in question was cut short (different sources give different reasons: from cholera outbreak in Odessa to a falling out with his wife).
* {{Homage}}: From his younger years Verne was well-read in the works of Creator/ETAHoffmann, and some of his own works can be seen as homages, most notably the novella ''Master Zacharius'' (1854), ''Literature/TheCastleInTransylvania'', and the posthumously published ''The Secret of Wilhelm Storitz''. About the latter he wrote in his last letter to Hetzel that it was "pure Hoffmann, and Hoffmann himself would not have dared to go that far".
* HumansAreBastards: Contrary to the public opinion, Verne didn't have any illusions of the human nature and wasn't that shy to show it in his works. This was greatly moderated by his close friend and publisher, Pierre-Jules Hetzel, who had much more optimistic outlook and spared no effort [[ExecutiveMeddling in reigning in his friend's misanthropy]].
* MarketBasedTitle: The reason why many of his novels often have three ''[[UpToEleven or even four]]'' different names, with one of them being preferred in the country where it's being published.
* PhlebotinumDuJour: Much, much of Verne's work feature incredibly widespread and, for its time, almost inconceivably advanced use of electricity. In fact, some of the technologies he describes are still largely out of our reach today.
* RealLifeWritesThePlot: Some of the novels were almost literally RippedFromTheHeadlines, while others were inspired by the current hot themes. For example the ''Literature/FiveWeeksInABalloon'' were written when the whole world was abuzz with the news of African exploration, while ''Literature/TheBegumsMillions'' were inspired by a disastrous French defeat in a Franco-Prussian war.
** ''Literature/TheBegumsMillions'' is also one of the very few known Verne's collaborative novels. The novel's outline was proposed by a famous revolutionary and a Paris Commune member Paschal Grousset, better known under his pen name of André Laurie. He has then just returned to France from his exile in New Caledonia and the US, and was in a bad need of an income. Verne, being an ardent French nationalist and somewhat sympathetic to the Commune, and thus completely in agreement with the book's themes, reworked the novel and published it under his name to help his colleague Laurie later became a famous adventure writer.
** The original backstory for Nemo of ''Literature/TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'' was almost RippedFromTheHeadlines [[spoiler: in that he was a Polish nobleman who had lost his entire family to the Russians in the 1863 January Uprising, the Russians' actions shocked and angered many people throughout the world, including Verne. [[ExecutiveMeddling His editor was afraid of offending Russia though so he made Verne obscure Nemo's origins in the book.]]]]
* ScienceIsBad: A definite note of this can be felt in the late novels after his ProtectionFromEditors kicked in. On the other hand, Verne, who ''always'' did the research, was too honest with himself to fall into this trope completely. For him the science was bad only [[HumansAreBastards when bad people were using it]].
* ShownTheirWork: His [[VindicatedByHistory famously accurate predictions about various technological advances and social changes]] were the results of many, many, many hours of hard work he did in public libraries or by consulting various scientists and experts of the time. He really ''liked'' to do his research, even for things he could have easily [[HandWave handwaved]]. This general attitude and avoiding most far-fetched concepts is what gave him the credence of a hard sci-fi writer in the eyes of modern day critics.
** This led to a rather awesome moment; the inventor of the first truly functional submarine (a nuclear one also called the Nautilus), Simon Lake, was caught in a storm, and recalled a moment in ''Literature/TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'' where the ''Nautilus'' dives a few feet underwater to avoid the storm. He then repeated the technique and survived, and sent Verne's great grandson a telegraph thanking him. The book is famous for also inspiring Ernest Shackleton, William Beebe, Robert Ballard and Jacques Costeau.
** ''From Earth to the Moon'' has become somewhat famous for this, where Verne correctly predicted not only the location the astronauts would launch from, but the height and weight of the craft, the number of astronauts, and was accurate to being only about 2 and a half miles off from where the craft splashed down. Oh, and the projectile looks suspiciously like the command module. The book was popular with astronauts, and Yuri Gagarin read the Russian edition a lot.
** And in ''Around the Moon'', he predicted most of the activities the astronauts would do in 1969 (with the exception of Ardan spraying perfume everywhere) and, near the end, a prototype of ''satellite communication.''
* SkyPirate: ''Literature/RoburTheConqueror'' and ''Master of the World'' are one of the earliest {{Trope Maker}}s, if not the UrExample.
* SmallReferencePools: The books that have their own pages (except for ''ParisInTheTwentiethCentury'') are pretty much his only works that most people know. They represent less than a fifth of his total output.
* StarvingArtist: In his younger days, after his father cut his financial support because Verne dropped out of the law school and turned himself to literature. To feed himself, he had to work as a stock broker, a job he hated immensely despite being reportedly quite successful at it. Eventually, though, this trope became subverted when plays of his works and large readership lead to him having a big house in Nantes, a yacht and a comfortable lifestyle.
* SteamPunk: While some of his works played this trope pretty straight (e. g. ''Steam House'', which features a [[WalkingTank walking locomotive]] with the outward appearance of an Indian elephant, touring the British Raj) and greatly inspired the whole SteamPunk aesthetic we know today, Verne often subverted this trope by presenting fictional technologies based on the existing 19th century ones, but powered by electric generators and/or powerful batteries, rather than classic steam engines. ''Literature/TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea'' even features [[CoolGun air rifles shooting pellet-like bullets]] ''[[ThereIsNoKillLikeOverkill charged with a deadly amount of concentrated electricity]]''.
* ThoseTwoGuys: Craig and Fry, the two employees assigned by the American insurance company as bodyguards to watch over Kin-Fo in ''Tribulations of a Chinaman in China''. Inseparable and largely indistinguishable (they are cousins), they appear like spiritual ancestors of the [[Franchise/{{Tintin}} Thom(p)sons]], if a bit more competent.
* TractorBeam: Possibly the UrExample - ''The Meteor Hunt'', written in 1901 and published in 1908, uses such a device to bring the titular meteor down to Earth. Except that both the TractorBeam and its inventor were introduced by ''Michel'' Verne, when he reedited the novel for publication three years after his father's death.
* UnbuiltTrope[=/=]{{Troperrific}}: Since he's a one of the granddaddies of the science fiction genre, this is to be expected.
* UndergroundCity: Occurs in ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Child_of_the_Cavern Les Indes noires]]'', which appeared in English under the titles "The Child of the Cavern, or Strange Doings Underground", "Black Diamonds'' and "[[TropeNamer The Underground City]]".
* VitriolicBestBuds: With Hetzel their letters to each other show that both men rarely shied from rather pointed barbs, especially when discussing their CreativeDifferences, but they remained fast friends to the very end.
* TheWormGuy: At the time of this writing, Professor Roch in ''Facing the Flag'' is [[UrExample the earliest known example of the trope]].
** RippedFromTheHeadlines: Thomas Roch is actually a thinly veiled caricature of the famous French chemist Eugène Turpin, who invented the use of the picric acid (trinitrophenol, a common dye and antiseptic) as a military explosive and (reportedly, though the rumors later turned out to be false) toured various governments trying to sell them his patent, after the [[ItWillNeverCatchOn French military turned uninterested]]. Verne, a nationalist at heart, disapproved of Turpin's profiteering, and presented his character in a rather unpleasant fashion. Turpin, naturally, wasn't amused and sued Verne for defamation, but lost, largely because of the effort of the Verne's attorney, Raymond Poincaré, a future President of France.
* ZeppelinsFromAnotherWorld: Majorly subverted in ''Literature/RoburTheConqueror'' and its sequel. The ''[[AwesomeMcCoolName Albatross]]'' of Robur and his band of [[SkyPirate sky pirates]] [[http://aerostories.free.fr/dossiers/ADAV/robur.JPG is more like]] [[NinjaPirateZombieRobot a giant helicopter with a ship-like hull]] built from a SteamPunk analogue of modern laminate/composite materials. The protagonists of the novel are members of an [[SeriousBusiness airship enthusiast club]] who get kidnapped by Robur and taken on a journey across the world on the ''Albatross'' just so Robur can make a point about heavier-than-air vehicles being the real thing of the future. Even after the protagonists escape and return home, they're still pretty convinced that airships are just better and take their long-developed giant blimp on a major public demonstration. The Albatross [[http://blogs.monlegionnaire.com/media/blogs/Bishopkiller/Robur2.jpg suddenly shows up]], has an aerial race with the airship and then defeats it by skewering its balloon[[note]]more of AnAesop, since in RealLife ramming an airship with a rotary-wing craft would result in the complete destruction of both[[/note]]. Robur saves the airship's entire crew and safely carries them back to the audience, makes a little speech about the awesomeness of heavier-than-air machines and flies away, leaving the group of airship fanboys completely embarrassed.