John Marcellus Huston (August 5, 1906 August 28, 1987) was an American director, screenwriter, and occasional actor who made films in a variety of genres across a long-spanning career. His films tended to match his own personality -- tough, stylish, always with a bit of a threatening edge.

Huston worked as a writer-for-hire before breaking into directing with the noir classic ''Film/TheMalteseFalcon''; other noteworthy films he made include ''Film/TheTreasureOfTheSierraMadre'' (for which he won two [[UsefulNotes/AcademyAward Oscars]]), ''Film/KeyLargo'', ''Film/TheAsphaltJungle'', ''Film/TheAfricanQueen'', ''Film/BeatTheDevil'' (as you can see, he worked well with Creator/HumphreyBogart), ''Film/MobyDick'', ''Film/TheMisfits'' (notable as the final film for both Creator/ClarkGable and Creator/MarilynMonroe), ''Film/{{Casino Royale|1967}}'',''Film/TheManWhoWouldBeKing'', ''Film/{{Annie|1982}}'', ''Film/PrizzisHonor'', and ''Literature/WiseBlood''. He worked right up to his death at age 81; he directed his final film, ''The Dead'' from a wheelchair while hooked up to oxygen. The film was released posthumously.

His UsefulNotes/WorldWarII documentaries ''Film/TheBattleOfSanPietro'' and ''Film/{{Let There Be Light|1946}}'' are among the best ever made about the war.

He was also a well-regarded, Oscar-nominated character actor, most notably as the villainous Noah Cross in ''Film/{{Chinatown}}''. Indeed, his performance there was cited as an inspiration for Creator/PaulThomasAnderson's ''Film/ThereWillBeBlood'' where Creator/DanielDayLewis plays a similar evil robber baron. A novel about the making of ''Film/TheAfricanQueen'' (written by screenwriter Peter Viertel) was eventually adapted by Creator/ClintEastwood as ''White Hunter, Black Heart'', where Eastwood plays John Wilson, a spoof of Huston's LargeHam womanizing [[TheDandy dandy]] personality. Among nerdier, more fantasy-inclined circles, later in life he reigned for a time as ''the'' voice of [[WesternAnimation/TheHobbit Gandalf]], and his performance set the bar that Creator/IanMcKellen had to meet several decades later.

He was the son of Creator/WalterHuston; the father of [[Creator/AnjelicaHuston Anjelica]], Tony, and Creator/DannyHuston; and the grandfather of Jack Huston (Richard Harrow on ''Series/BoardwalkEmpire'').

!! Filmography (as director)
* ''Film/TheMalteseFalcon'' (1941)
* ''Film/InThisOurLife'' (1942)
* World War II documentaries:
** ''Film/ReportFromTheAleutians'' (1943)
** ''Film/TheBattleOfSanPietro'' (1945)
** ''Film/{{Let There Be Light|1946}}'' (1946)
* ''Film/TheTreasureOfTheSierraMadre'' (1948)
* ''Film/KeyLargo'' (1948)
* ''Film/TheAsphaltJungle'' (1950)
* ''Film/TheAfricanQueen'' (1951)
* ''Film/{{Moulin Rouge|1952}}'' (1952)
* ''Film/BeatTheDevil'' (1953)
* ''Film/MobyDick'' (1956)
* ''Film/HeavenKnowsMrAllison'' (1957)
* ''Film/TheMisfits'' (1961)
* ''Film/TheLifeAndTimesOfJudgeRoyBean'' (1972)
* ''Film/TheManWhoWouldBeKing'' (1975)
* ''Literature/WiseBlood'' (1979)
* ''Film/{{Annie|1982}}'' (1982)
* ''Literature/UnderTheVolcano'' (1984)
* ''Film/PrizzisHonor'' (1985)
* ''[[Literature/{{Dubliners}} The Dead]]'' (1987)