[[caption-width-right:350:Here's to ya, lads.]]
->''"I really didn`t have to work, shall we say, with Star Trek. It was a natural. When I opened my mouth, there was Scotty. It`s like I tell people what you see in Scotty is 99% James Doohan and 1% accent."'''

James Doohan (March 3, 1920 -- July 20, 2005) is known to every ScienceFiction fan as Montgomery "Scotty" Scott; [[TheEngineer the plucky engineer]] of the starship Enterprise in ''Series/{{Star Trek|The Original Series}}''. He was arguably one of the most popular characters on the show. Part of this is down to the fact that he was one of the more kindly stars on the show and took great lengths to acknowledge the fans that made the show so popular, always being happy to spend time chatting to the fans. His work as Scotty also proved as the inspiration for many people to take up engineering as a profession. Wiki/TheOtherWiki put it best when they said "Doohan was considered by some to be one of the most giving and affable stars of the Star Trek franchise." One of his proudest moments [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vsSdLD_YodQ involved talking a fan out of suicide]], eventually finding out that because of him, she had gone and achieved a degree in engineering, just one of many young fans who were inspired by Doohan to become engineers themselves.

He served in the Canadian Army during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII and survived charging up Juno Beach at the Battle of Normandy only to be accidentally machine-gunned by his own side while returning from a night patrol. His life was saved thanks to a bullet [[PocketProtector bouncing off a cigarette case in his chest pocket]]; however, he lost his middle finger in the process. He took great lengths to conceal that injury on TV, even using hand doubles for close-ups, but the injury is occasionally visible, such as in TNG's "Relics" or during the early bridge scenes of ''Film/StarTrekVTheFinalFrontier''.

It was clear that, although he was originally considered a semi-regular on Star Trek, that Scotty was an important character nonetheless, often being the man put in command of the Enterprise while Kirk and Spock went down on away missions and much more often pulling off miracles down in Engineering. Doohan was also an accomplished voice actor and contributed many voices on the main show and on the animated series as well. In fact, if you include all his voices in the animated series, he had biggest number of roles in the franchise! One of his most famous scenes in ''Series/{{Star Trek|The Original Series}}'' was during the popular "The Trouble With Tribbles" episode, where he refuses to let Chekov fight a Klingon insulting Kirk, only to attack first once the Klingon insulted the ''Enterprise'' herself.

He helped create the Klingon language. The few words uttered in ''Film/StarTrekTheMotionPicture'' were improvised by Doohan, providing the basis for a full-fledged language created by Marc Okrand for ''Film/StarTrekIIITheSearchForSpock''.

He famously disliked Creator/WilliamShatner, saying how much he admired Captain Kirk only to dislike the actor who played him. Fortunately, the two did make amends before Doohan's death. After Star Trek he found himself typecast as Scotty and naturally found it hard to accept other roles. After a conversation with his dentist he eventually started AdamWesting and did cameos and appearances centered around Scotty. Although the CatchPhrase "[[BeamMeUpScotty Beam Me Up, Scotty]]" was never used in the series, he did use it as the title for his autobiography.

He suffered from a combination of Parkinson's disease, diabetes mellitus, and pulmonary fibrosis late in life, but still managed to father a child at the age of 80! Ultimately, he was also diagnosed with Alzheimer's Disease, but not before he reconciled with Shatner. It was a dark day for the series and its fans when it was announced he had passed away in 2005, fittingly on the anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing, widely believed to be both the greatest accomplishment in space exploration and engineering. Such is his legacy he joined costar Creator/DeForestKelley in having a star placed on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. He was also so respected that when Creator/SimonPegg was given the role of Scotty in the [[Film/StarTrek 2009 film]], he promised a 100% tribute to the man. His role does reflect Doohan, particularly in the miracle Scotty works with the ''Enterprise'' during Nero's destruction.

Some of his ashes were launched into space twice: first in 2007 by a suborbital sounding rocket, then in 2012 with several others as part of the first commercial resupply mission to the International Space Station by [=SpaceX=].

He also co-authored a SpaceOpera book series with Creator/SMStirling, ''Literature/TheFlightEngineer''.