->''"Jack London's greatest adventure was his own life story."''
-->--'''Preface to an edition of ''Literature/TheCallOfTheWild'''''

John Griffith "Jack" London (born John Griffith Chaney, January 12, 1876 November 22, 1916) was an American author best known for his adventure novels and short stories. He was also one of the first Americans to make a lucrative career exclusively from writing. Twice (in 1901 and 1905) he ran for mayor of Oakland, CA, as a Socialist. When he was 21 he went to the Yukon Territory to prospect for gold during the Klondike Gold Rush; this served as inspiration for some of his most famous works, such as "To Build a Fire" and ''The Call of the Wild''. He also worked as a journalist, penning a memorable [[http://london.sonoma.edu/Writings/Journalism/sfearthquake.html eyewitness account]] of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire.

He credited Oakland poet and librarian [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ina_Coolbrith Ina Coolbrith]] with first putting books in his hands as a young child. He was a huge fan of Creator/{{Ouida}} and said her book ''Signa'' was one of the eight reasons behind his literary success. He was an extremely prolific author, releasing dozens and dozens of novels, stories, short story collections, and poems over a 20-year career.

[[GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff The Soviets and the rest of the Eastern Bloc loved him]], to the point [[http://siberiantimes.com/other/others/features/f0269-call-of-the-wild-the-beauty-of-jack-london-lake-in-eastern-russia/ they named a lake in the Russian Far East after him]].

London died of kidney failure, with morphine addiction and severe alcoholism as contributory causes, in 1916.
!!London's best known works include:

* ''Literature/TheCallOfTheWild'' (1903, novel)
* ''Literature/TheSeaWolf'' (1904, novel)
* ''Literature/WhiteFang'' (1906, novel)
* "Literature/ToBuildAFire" (1902, short story)
* ''Literature/TheIronHeel'' (1908, novel), a dystopia work which documents the rise of fascism in the United States.
* ''John Barleycorn'' (1913, memoir) A confessional autobiography about his lifetime as an [[TheAlcoholic alcoholic]]. One of the first memoirs to paint the subject in a negative, as opposed to a heroic light. TropeNamer for PinkElephants, not only in this Wiki, but in RealLife too.

!!Tropes Appearing in Jack London's other works:
* AfterTheEnd: "The Scarlet Plague" takes place long after a global disease outbreak and hardly anyone remembers the times before.
* ChinaTakesOverTheWorld: ''The Unparalleled Invasion'' has a slow (and very racist -- it is a ''perfect'' example of the Yellow Peril concept, though not of the trope) version: a modernised Imperial China (it was written in 1910, literally a year before the Qing fell) expanding by having its growing population constantly move into bordering regions. Outnumber the natives, officially annex the place, start moving into the ''new'' bordering regions... ultimately, they're stopped by an international coalition using biological warfare to exterminate the Chinese population (the Unparalleled Invasion the title references). [[ValuesDissonance This is portrayed as a good thing]].
* FictionalColor: One of the competing students in "The Shadow and the Flash" turns himself invisible by discovering a color that is so dark it can't be seen by the human eye.
* FountainOfYouth: In "The Rejuvenation of Major Rathbone" the main character's friend devises a serum that can regress aging.
* {{Invisibility}}: The two rival brothers in "The Shadow and the Flash" find different ways to turn to do this but with this same result.
* ThePlague: "The Scarlet Plague"
* RamblingOldManMonologue: How the old man in "The Scarlet Plague" relates the story of the destruction of civilization.
* SiblingRivalry: In "The Shadow and the Flash."
* WoodenShipsAndIronMen: "Mutiny On The Elsinore" (1914). Those fitting the trope are Captain West and his officers - plus the narrator, who [[{{TookALevelInBadass}} Takes A Level In Badass]] by the end to quell the mutiny. The crew are made up of all sorts of bandits and other wicked people. [[WhatTheHellHero This caused a pretty racist description from the narrator]] well before any sort of violence begun.