[[caption-width-right:250:"Hogwarts will always be there to welcome you home."]]
->''"I would like to be remembered as someone who did the best she could with the talent she had."''

Joanne ("J.K.") Rowling (born July 31, 1965) is a British writer, most notable for being the author of the ''Literature/HarryPotter'' heptalogy. She is one of the richest and most influential women alive today (she holds the distinction of being the first novelist to become a billionaire in US dollars solely through writing). Her published works so far include:
* ''Literature/HarryPotter''
** ''Literature/HarryPotterAndThePhilosophersStone'' (''Sorcerer's Stone'' [[ExecutiveMeddling in the United States]])
** ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheChamberOfSecrets''
** ''Literature/HarryPotterAndThePrisonerOfAzkaban''
** ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheGobletOfFire''
** ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheOrderOfThePhoenix''
** ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheHalfBloodPrince''
** ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheDeathlyHallows''
** ''Theatre/HarryPotterAndTheCursedChild'' (co-wrote the story with John Tiffany and Jack Thorne as the basis for Thorne's script)
* ''Literature/TheCasualVacancy''
* ''Literature/CormoranStrikeNovels'' [[MoustacheDePlume as Robert Galbraith]]:
** ''Literature/TheCuckoosCalling''
** ''Literature/TheSilkworm''
** ''Literature/CareerOfEvil''

Outside of the Harry Potter story arc, but set in the same [[Franchise/HarryPotter franchise]], she wrote three books for which all proceeds are donated to charity:
* ''Literature/FantasticBeastsAndWhereToFindThem'', under the pen name Newt Scamander.
* ''Literature/QuidditchThroughTheAges'', under the pen name Kennilworthy Whisp.
* ''Literature/TheTalesOfBeedleTheBard'', released in December 2008, but before it was released Rowling made seven copies which were hand-written by her and given to her close friends, save one, which was auctioned for charity.
* ''Film/FantasticBeastsAndWhereToFindThem'' (the screenplay was published in hardcover in late 2016)
* ''Film/FantasticBeastsTheCrimesOfGrindelwald''

Rowling's biography is quite famous -- the Potter-related details of it, at least. The first idea for Harry Potter "fell into her head" as she was riding on a train, and the idea seized her -- but she had nothing to write on and was too shy to ask a stranger to loan some paper. However, early into the writing process on ''Philosopher's Stone'', Rowling's mother passed away, which "changed her world and Harry's forever", intensifying Harry's feelings of being orphaned. Further intensifying Harry's loneliness is the fact that Rowling was very poor when she began writing -- she and her baby girl lived on food stamps, at a time of high government cuts. The image of Rowling writing in a café with her baby at her side is one born of necessity -- her apartment had no heating, but the café did.

After that, history took its course. ''Franchise/HarryPotter'' is one of the biggest brands in existence today; in an age of TheInternet, VideoGames and mass Television saturation, Harry made reading cool again. This may be Jo Rowling's most important contribution of all.

Rowling has a very distinctive SignatureStyle ([[Literature/TheCuckoosCalling though apparently she's also good at hiding it]]). If you're reading one of her books, expect a story set TwentyMinutesIntoThePast with an IntroOnlyPointOfView, a PlotTriggeringDeath, LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters with {{Meaningful Name}}s ([[AnyoneCanDie just don't get too attached to them]]), {{Said Bookism}}s, plenty of [[LampshadeHanging lampshaded]] {{Narm}}, and plenty of {{Foreshadowing}} for her overstuffed ChekhovsArmory.

Her next novel was ''Literature/TheCasualVacancy'', released on 27 September 2012. It is not a ''Harry Potter'' book and was marketed as her "first novel for adults." After mixed reviews, Rowling followed up with the hardboiled crime novel ''Literature/TheCuckoosCalling'', with the added twist that she used [[MoustacheDePlume a pseudonym, Robert Galbraith]], [[RefugeInAudacity and managed to stay under the radar for]] ''[[CrowningMomentOfAwesome four months]]'' until she was outed. Its sequel, ''Literature/TheSilkworm'' was published in 2014, still under her pseudonym.

On 12 September 2013 Creator/WarnerBros announced they will produce a new series of Harry Potter SpinOff films based on Rowling's ''Literature/FantasticBeastsAndWhereToFindThem'' with the book's fictional author Newt Scamander as the protagonist. It takes place in the same world as Harry Potter but set 70 years before the events of ''Literature/HarryPotterAndThePhilosophersStone''. Rowling wrote the screenplay for the first two films.

She ended at #83 in ''Series/OneHundredGreatestBritons''.

!!Media portrayals
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mTGbKbEEE8o Appeared as herself]] on ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons''.
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9onI92OxBHY Played by Jennifer Saunders]] for ''Comic Relief 2003: The Big Hair Do''.
* Played by Creator/AmyPoehler in a ''Series/SaturdayNightLive'' [[http://www.nbc.com/saturday-night-live/video/dumbledore/178704/ sketch following]] the WordOfGay on Dumbledore. Awesome as Amy Poehler is, she's... [[OohMeAccentsSlipping not good at doing a British accent]].
* Played by Chad Morgan in one of ''WesternAnimation/RobotChicken'''s "Dicks with Time Machine" sketches, in which one of the title time travelers tries to prevent her from writing the ''Harry Potter'' series.
* The subject of a [[MadeForTVMovie Made For TV]] {{Biopic}} in which she was played by [[Series/WithoutATrace Poppy Montgomery]]. Sadly, it was made by the [[LifetimeMovieOfTheWeek Lifetime network]], but remarkably was not as bad as it could have been and Poppy KILLS the role, capturing a lot of the eccentric mannerisms and touches to Rowling's character that come through in interviews. Also the original title was scrapped in favor of ''Film/MagicBeyondWordsTheJKRowlingStory'', apparently because ''Strange Magic'' just didn't sound Lifetime-y enough. Oddly enough, the movie seems much more like typical Hallmark fare, though markedly better than most TV movies.
!!Associated tropes
* AdamWesting: Mildly in her brief appearance on ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons''. To date, this is the only time Rowling has played herself in any fictional context, granted it was just two voice-over lines.
-->'''Lisa:''' Can you tell me what happens at the end of the series?\\
'''Rowling:''' ''(exasperated)'' He grows up and marries you. Is ''that'' what you want to hear?\\
'''Lisa:''' ''(dreamily)'' Yes.
* AuthorAvatar: [[Franchise/HarryPotter Hermione]] is based off her when she was younger. Apparently, she split her personality into three parts when designing the [[PowerTrio Golden Trio]], but Hermione is the one with the most aspects of her personality, according to WordOfGod.
** [[Literature/TheCuckoosCalling Robin Ellacott]] is based on her early adult self, again courtesy of WordOfGod.
* BlackComedy: All her novels are full of this.
* BluntYes: At least she apologized.
-->'''F.A.Q.:''' Are you going to kill any more characters?\\
'''Rowling:''' Yes. Sorry.
* CelebCrush: In ''Conversations with J. K. Rowling'', she mentions that as a kid she had crushes on Creator/DustinHoffman, after seeing him in ''Film/LittleBigMan'', and Davy Jones of Music/TheMonkees.
* ClusterFBomb: In all of her adult novels to date. Almost every other word.
* CompensatingForSomething: Her response to a Twitter troll:
--> "The Internet doesn’t just offer opportunities for misogynistic abuse, you know. Penis enlargers can also be bought discreetly."
* CountryMatters: Oddly enough, she's extraordinarily versatile with the word "cunt", especially in ''Literature/TheCasualVacancy''. [[CrossCulturalKerfluffle Though it should be noted that, while it's still a strong curse word, "cunt" isn't as profane in the UK as it is in the States.]]
* DeadpanSnarker: It's obvious where many of her characters get it.
* DearNegativeReader: While Rowling has largely embraced the fandom of Harry Potter, she has gone on record of disliking the [[invoked]]MisaimedFandom that [[DracoInLeatherPants Draco Malfoy]] had developed, and is uncomfortable with the more lewd fanfictions.
* {{Deuteragonist}}: All of her work since ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheDeathlyHallows'' has focused on more than one central character (even her [[Theatre/HarryPotterAndTheCursedChild expansions to]] [[Film/FantasticBeastsAndWhereToFindThem the Potter universe]]).
* {{Doorstopper}}: All of her work between ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheGobletOfFire'' and ''Literature/CareerOfEvil'' was at least 400 pages long. The streak was finally broken with the published script for ''Film/FantasticBeastsAndWhereToFindThem'' (304 pages); though this is [[JustifiedTrope justified]] by it being a film script rather than a novel, and 300+ pages is still extremely hefty for a script.
* FormerTeenRebel: As a teenager, Rowling had a penchant for leather jackets and heavy eyeshadow, even with her school uniform, and put up a tough girl exterior to deal with school bullies and her mother's declining health at home.
* GenreShift: Subverted. It would ''seem'' that going from magical BoardingSchool books aimed primarily at younger readers to CrimeFiction novels for adults is a big leap. However, considering Rowling's escalating DarkerAndEdgier tone and her love of [[RedHerring Red Herrings]], TheSummation, and all things [[ThisIndexWillBeImportantLater Chekhov]], it was a very organic, almost inevitable transition. ''Literature/TheCasualVacancy'', with its much lower stakes and RotatingProtagonist, is a much straighter example, and is something of an [[OddballInTheSeries Oddball]] in her oeuvre.
* {{Homage}}: Writing under her post-Potter synonym as "Robert Galbraith", she revealed in a Creator/{{BBC}} interview in November 2015 that she is a fan of the Music/BlueOysterCult. "Robert Galbraith"'s novel ''Career Of Evil'' is heavily inspired by a BOC song of the same title and she admitted to loading the book with a lot of [[ShoutOut shoutOuts]] to other lyrics and songs by this band.
* IJustWriteTheThing: Rowling often tells us that she only kills off characters she likes because the plot demands it.
* IncrediblyLamePun: Her name was the subject of one.
-->'''Q''': How did Harry Potter get to the bottom of the hill?
-->'''A''': [[AntiHumor He walked]]. ([[LeetLingo jk]], rolling)
* {{Irony}}: [[{{Literature/Rebus}} Ian Rankin]] once predicted that Rowling would make a great crime novelist due to her strong themes surrounding death and mortality, as well as having CharactersDroppingLikeFlies yet still [[DarknessInducedAudienceApathy making their deaths]] [[AvertedTrope meaningful]]. Then Rowling released [[Literature/TheCuckoosCalling her first crime novel]], which has her second-'''lowest''' body count of her works, beaten only by ''Prisoner of Azkaban'' where EverybodyLives.
* LiesToChildren: Not maliciously, of course, but if the truth would be unnecessarily harsh for small kids. Compare her example on that page (regarding Aberforth and his goats) and the AdamWesting and BluntYes examples on this page.
* MathematiciansAnswer: She's fond of giving them to avoid spoilers, like reciting the physical dimensions of her next book when asked to describe it.
* MoustacheDePlume: She actually doesn't even have a middle name. She added the "K" (after her grandmother Kathleen) when Bloomsbury asked her to use her initials, their thinking being that the name "Joanne Rowling" would make boys hesitant to read or buy the book.
** Played even more straight with ''Literature/TheCuckoosCalling'' which she published as "Robert Galbraith"
* NoPronunciationGuide: Her name is pronounced like "bowling", not like "howling", although nearly everyone makes that mistake (including news presenters) until they hear it from the WordOfGod.
** She also pronounces "Voldemort" with a silent "t", but she admits she's probably the only person who does this.
*** This makes sense, as it is the french phrase "Vol de Mort," which translates literally to "Flight from Death." Jim Dale also used this pronunciation of his name until ''Philosopher's Stone'' had it pronounced with the hard T.
* PlotTriggeringDeath: Used frequently in her novels.
** Lily and James Potter [[spoiler: and Voldemort, kind of]] in the ''Literature/HarryPotter'' series
** Lula Landry in ''Literature/TheCuckoosCalling''
** Barry Fairbrother in ''Literature/TheCasualVacancy''
* ShownTheirWork: Before she wrote ''Harry Potter'', she once worked as researcher and bilingual secretary for Amnesty International in London. Rowling herself once said in [[http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2008/06/text-of-j-k-rowling-speech/ her commencement speech at Harvard]] that it gave her a look into various human abuse, a theme that is prevalent in ''Comoran Strike'' books.
* TakeThat: Gave a playful one to Creator/StephenFry. When Fry was recording the audiobook for ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheChamberOfSecrets'', he had trouble pronouncing the phrase "Harry pocketed it." Finally he phoned Rowling to ask if she could revise the book to say "Harry put it in his pocket." Rowling considered a moment and replied "[[LittleNo No]]"— and then included the phrase "Harry pocketed it" word for word ''in each of the next four books of the series''.
* WritersCannotDoMath: As she admits. Mostly it's dating inconsistencies which make it hard for fans to construct a timeline of the series. The number of students in Hogwarts is also a point of contention. As are the House points added up at the end of each schoolyear.
** In a related sense (maybe Writers Cannot Do Geography,) she also said the reason the staircases moved around in Hogwarts was because she knew she couldn't remember where everything goes and used that as a way to smooth it over.
*** The latter is strongly averted in the Cormoran Strike novels; many of the London places, especially pubs (such as the Tottenham and the Cambridge, two of the pubs nearest Strike's fictional office) are real and in their correct locations.
** As is the former -- in ''The Silkworm'', the days of the week match up with the dates listed, real life events that are referenced occur on the correct dates, and even the exact celebrities on magazine covers from nearly four years before the book was published are accurate (with the exception of a cover featuring one fictional character).