was an American-born British author of the Victorian Age. Although he became known for writing realist novels about every day life, his works spanned a wide range of subjects and formats. Despite being born and growing up in the United States, he spent most of his adult life in Europe and became a British citizen a year before his death. Accordingly, one of his favorite subjects was the cultural and psychological difference between the denizens of the old world and the new.His notable works include:
Tropes featured in his works include:
- Purple Prose: James wrote in very long and finely crafted sentences.
- Unreliable Narrator: His works are often filtered through the perceptions of their point of view subject with a biased or incomplete understanding of the events they perceive.
- In What Maise Knew, the complex romantic lives of two people are perceived by their young daughter, who does not understand most of what is going on.
- The Turn of the Screw is either a straight ghost story or the ravings of a delusional, murderous woman. This is one of the most famous examples of the trope because the story works just as well either way.
- Often overlaps with Obfuscating Stupidity. Such as in The Ambassadors or The American. Henry James liked using tact as a tool to limit how much information he was giving out.
- Wall of Text: James' writing style evolved into extraordinarly long sentences and paragraphs that run for pages. The effect can be very vivid, but it's also very easy to become lost in the avalanche of words.
- Wife Husbandry: In Watch and Ward, 29-year-old Roger Lawrence adopts 12-year-old Nora Lambert and grooms her to marry him several years later.