[[caption-width-right:288: George Orwell reporting for the Ministry of Tru... I mean Creator/TheBBC.]]

->''"If Saint Thomas More was the first Englishman, as one historian called him, then Orwell was perhaps the last."''
-->-- '''Paul Potts'''

Real name Eric Blair, George Orwell (June 25, 1903 -- January 21, 1950) was one of the most influential authors in the English language.

A democratic socialist all his life, but his views changed somewhat over time and his dislike of Soviet communism was ''very'' clear. Orwell, a journalist, participated in the UsefulNotes/SpanishCivilWar [[DoomedMoralVictor on the side of the Republicans]], serving in the party militia of the P.O.U.M. or Party of Marxist Worker's Unification[[note]]Note that he didn't care for the POUM's ideology very much - he only ended up in its militia because he had come to Spain via the British ILP, which was affiliated with the POUM. And also because the POUM was '''against''' the Soviets, which Orwell already mistrusted.[[/note]], and even got ''shot in the throat'' ([[OnlyAFleshWound an experience that he would go on to describe as "interesting"]]). [[DeadpanSnarker His works]] [[CrapsackWorld tend to be]] [[BlackAndGrayMorality considered cynical.]] The term "Orwellian" is named after his famous works of [[CrapsackWorld dystopian]] fiction, particularly ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour''.[[note]]Which is more than a tad ironic, given that this went against what Orwell himself believed.[[/note]]

!! His most famous works are:

* ''AnimalFarm''
* ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour''
* ''Literature/HomageToCatalonia'' - an autobiographical account of his experiences in Spain.
* ''Literature/DownAndOutInParisAndLondon'' - account of his experiences of poverty in the titular cities.
* ''[[http://orwell.ru/library/essays/politics/english/e_polit Politics and the English Language]]'' - A hugely influential non-fiction essay.

!! Orwell [[TropeMaker created]] the following tropes:

* {{Newspeak}} (he took inspiration from several real-life sources)
* WeWillUseWikiWordsInTheFuture

!! Several additional tropes were inspired by {{Newspeak}}, including:

* AirstripOne
* LanguageEqualsThought
* PeoplesRepublicOfTyranny

!! George Orwell is [[TropeNamer the source of several trope names]]:

* TwoPlusTortureMakesFive
* AllIssuesArePoliticalIssues
* BigBrotherIsWatching
* ColdWar: It is debated whether he actually coined it, but he was certainly one of the first to use the phrase, in his essay "You and the Atomic Bomb".
* FourLegsGoodTwoLegsBetter
* OrwellianEditor
* OrwellianRetcon
* {{Room 101}}
* {{Unperson}}
* WrittenByTheWinners

He is also the current mascot for the "SugarWiki/HaveANiceCupOfTeaAndSitDown" page. He considered tea to be SeriousBusiness. SpotOfTea, indeed.

!! Orwell's work provides examples of:

* BeigeProse: Wrote like this himself and advised others to do the same in his essay "Politics and the English Language." Advice included "never use a long word where a short one will do" and "if it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out."
* CrapsackWorld: Orwell paints a very depressing view of mankind, colonialism, dictatorships, bureaucratism and corruption of revolutions.
* DeadArtistsAreBetter: Orwell died after finishing his MagnumOpus ''1984''. He would become more famous after death and especially as the year 1984 approached.
* {{Eponym}}: ''Orwellian'' has become a byword for dystopian futures and totalitarian societies.
* EscapedAnimalRampage: He wrote a short story, ''Shooting An Elephant'' about a time]] when an elephant escaped from a circus and rampaged through a town in India. They called him out to kill it. By the time he found it, its rampage was over and it was eating quietly in a field. However, the whole town was gathered round, so he shot it. It didn't die, so he shot it again. Still didn't die. Third shot did it. Well, it took another half hour to die, but it collapsed.
-->'''Orwell:''' I often wondered whether any of the others grasped that I had done it solely to avoid looking a fool.
* TheGeneralissimo: Orwell wrote a lot about totalitarianism and the dangers of such regimes. It's a recurring theme in his entire work.
* HumansAreBastards: Except in the case of ''Animal Farm'' where the animals too can be bastards.
* LiesDamnedLiesAndStatistics: Orwell was very concerned over the way language could be manipulated by people to justify their means. This was a constant theme in his entire work.
* NightmareFuelStationAttendant: His books are pretty bleak and frightening. Especially ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour''.
* RealLifeWritesThePlot: All of Orwell's books were inspired by the politics of his lifetime and his fears how society would develop further. ''Homage to Catalonia'' was about his first hand experiences during the UsefulNotes/SpanishCivilWar, ''Animal Farm'' was a satire on the UsefulNotes/RussianRevolution and ''1984'' summarized all his fears about Nazism, Fascism and Communism.