George Bernard Shaw (1856 - 1950) was an Irish playwright, noted for his satirical wit.

His best-known plays include ''Theatre/{{Pygmalion}}'', ''Theatre/ArmsAndTheMan'', ''Mrs. Warren's Profession'', ''Man and Superman'', ''Theatre/TheDevilsDisciple'' and ''Theatre/SaintJoan''.

''Arms and the Man'' inspired the operetta ''The Chocolate Soldier'', and ''Pygmalion'' inspired the musical ''Theatre/MyFairLady''.

Shaw is the only writer to have been awarded both the UsefulNotes/NobelPrizeInLiterature and an UsefulNotes/AcademyAward (the latter for the screenplay of the 1938 film adaptation of ''Pygmalion'').

His will funded a contest to create a new non-Latin alphabet for the English language. Four of the winning entries were combined to create [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shavian_alphabet the Shavian alphabet]], which first appeared in 1962 in a special edition of another Shaw play, ''Theatre/AndroclesAndTheLion''.

[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%C3%89_George_Bernard_Shaw_(P64) The Irish Navy has decided to honour his legacy by naming a ship after him.]]
!!Works by George Bernard Shaw with their own trope pages include:
* ''Theatre/AndroclesAndTheLion''
* ''Theatre/ArmsAndTheMan''
* ''Film/CaesarAndCleopatra''[[note]]film adaptation of the play, he collaborated on it[[/note]]
* ''Theatre/TheDevilsDisciple''
* ''Theatre/MajorBarbara''
* ''Theatre/{{Pygmalion}}''
* ''Theatre/SaintJoan''
!!Other works by George Bernard Shaw provide examples of:

* ActuallyIAmHim: In ''Caesar and Cleopatra'', 16-year-old Cleopatra is hiding from the invading Romans, and she runs into a nice old man who turns out to be Caesar ''after'' she's said quite a few things she wouldn't have if she'd known, including repeating a rumour that Caesar has a nose as big as an elephant's.
* AuthorFilibuster: His socialist views (he was a prominent figure in the Fabian Society) sneak into many characters.
* DumpThemAll: In ''Theatre/MrsWarrensProfession''.
* AHellOfATime: In the "Don Juan in Hell" sequence in ''Man and Superman'', Hell is a relatively pleasant place...
--->'''Don Juan:''' Hell, Señora, is a place for the wicked. The wicked are quite comfortable.
* LiteraryAllusionTitle: "Man and Superman" is an allusion to ''Literature/ThusSpakeZarathustra''
* NoCelebritiesWereHarmed: "Immenso Champernoon" (Creator/GKChesterton) in ''Back to Methuselah''
* SatanIsGood: In the "Don Juan in Hell" dream-sequence interlude of ''Man and Superman'', the difference between Heaven and Hell is not presented as being between good and evil. Rather, Hell is a place for those who love pleasure, love and beauty to be happy; Heaven is a place for the higher-minded, intellectual, aspiring sorts who worship the "Life Force" (a philosophical concept in which Shaw, apparently, actually believed). The Devil is a gentleman who left Heaven and set up Hell because he found Heaven intolerably boring. God is not mentioned at all; the implication is that there is no God, save the Life Force.
* SomethingCompletelyDifferent: Act III of ''Man and Superman''. Everyone's suddenly in hell, all their names have changed, and they're pausing the plot to have a big philosophical debate, and afterwards everything's back to normal. It's usually left out entirely.
* ThereAreTwoKindsOfPeopleInTheWorld: ''Maxims for Revolutionists'' #124:
-->The reasonable man adapts himself to the world; the unreasonable one persists in trying to adapt the world to himself. Therefore, all progress depends on the unreasonable man.
* TheUnpronounceable:
** In ''Caesar and Cleopatra'', none of the Romans can pronounce the name of Cleopatra's nurse Ftatateeta.
--->'''Ftatateeta:''' Who pronounces the name of Ftatateeta, the Queen's chief nurse?\\
'''Caesar:''' Nobody can pronounce it, Tota, except yourself.
** In ''Misalliance'', there's a running joke of no one being able to pronounce (or spell) Lena Szczepalowska's last name -- while Lena herself can't fathom why everyone's having so much trouble with it.