[[quoteright:258:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Geneon_logo.jpg]]

Geneon Entertainment was one of the world's major anime producers and distributors. The birth and death of their North American division illustrates the current instability and unpredictability of the American anime industry.

They were founded in 1993, when Japanese technology giant Pioneer Electronics decided to start an entertainment division in both Japan and America. While Pioneer Entertainment distributed tapes and {{LaserDisc}}s in a variety of genres, from {{music}} to {{documentar|y}}ies, the company became best known as an anime producer and distributor. The company also became a major [=DVD=] supplier when the format became available. Titles first released during the Pioneer years included ''Anime/TenchiMuyo'', ''Anime/SerialExperimentsLain'', ''Anime/LastExile'' and '' Manga/{{Trigun}}''. They also did distribution for other companies early on, such as Creator/FUNimation, Creator/VizMedia, Creator/{{Toei}} USA, and [[Creator/BandaiEntertainment Bandai Visual]].

In 2003, Pioneer decided to sell off its entertainment division. The buyer was another Japanese corporate giant--Dentsu, an advertising firm. They renamed the company Geneon, which is a portmanteau of the English words '''gen'''erate and '''eon'''. (There was a transitional period, during which new releases carried both the Pioneer and Geneon logos on the packaging.) The new name was meant to signify innovation and longevity, which became bitterly ironic in light of what happened next.

Geneon USA began running into financial problems, despite being a popular and respected name among anime fans. Possible reasons for this included the increasing popularity of [[FanSub fansubs]], the Dentu deal resulting in Pioneer Electronics getting much of their early profits, mismanagement, over-saturation of the market, the anime boom dying, and the decline of home media sales. Whatever the explanation, by 2007, Geneon was in trouble. After an attempted alliance with Creator/ADVFilms (who were having problems of their own) quickly fell apart, Geneon USA announced that by the end of 2007 it would no longer manufacture or distribute [=DVD=]s. Not only did this leave several of its announced but uncompleted titles in limbo, it led many fans to assume that Geneon USA was completely out of business, when it actually still existed as a licensing firm. Still. American and Canadian anime fans spent the better part of a year wondering when--and if--the Geneon catalogue would find a new home.

In 2008, Geneon reached a deal with Creator/FUNimation to distribute their incomplete titles like ''VisualNovel/HigurashiWhenTheyCry'', ''Manga/BlackLagoon'', ''Manga/RozenMaiden'', ''LightNovel/ShakuganNoShana'', ''Manga/{{Karin}}'', ''LightNovel/TheFamiliarOfZero'', and others. Once that deal expired, all of Geneon's formerly licensed titles were all unlicensed and out-of-print, but many have since been rescued by other companies such as Creator/FUNimation, Creator/SentaiFilmworks, Creator/MediaBlasters, Creator/DiscotekMedia, and Creator/VizMedia.

Geneon's Japanese corporate parent continues to be one of that country's major entertainment producers and distributors; their properties include not only anime but several mainstream films from around the world, including America. In November 2008, Geneon Japan merged with Creator/{{Universal}} Pictures. The company is now known as [=NBCUniversal=] Entertainment Japan. That merger resulted in many former Geneon titles that Creator/FUNimation had licensed being delayed.

In 2009, Website/AnimeNewsNetwork did an excellent [[http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/anncast/2009-12-03 podcast]] in which former Geneon USA executive Chad Kime talks about the reasons for Geneon America's decline; these include anime series that failed (''Anime/HeatGuyJ'' cost as much as ''Anime/FullmetalAlchemist'' but sold a fraction), budgeting for titles they did not own, and licensing titles because the previous titles didn't make money.

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!!Anime once licensed by Pioneer/Geneon include:

[=*=] Currently unlicensed and[=/=]or out-of-print

[[index]]
* ''Manga/SazanEyes''* (formerly licensed by Creator/StreamlinePictures and Creator/OrionPictures)
* ''Anime/TheAdventuresOfMiniGoddess''*
* ''Manga/AhMyGoddess: TheMovie''*
* ''Manga/{{Airmaster}}''* (distributing for Toei USA)
* ''Manga/AiYoriAoshi'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Manga/{{Akira}}'' (later licensed by Bandai; now by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/AmazingNurseNanako''*
* ''TabletopGame/AniMayhem''*
* ''Manga/{{Appleseed}}'' (now licensed by Creator/SentaiFilmworks)
* ''Anime/ArmitageIII'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''[[Anime/AyakashiSamuraiHorrorTales Ayakashi: Classic Japanese Horror]]''*
* ''Manga/BarefootGen''* (formerly licensed by StreamlinePictures)
** ''Manga/BarefootGen 2''*
* ''Manga/{{Bastard}}''*
* ''Anime/BattleAthletes''*
* ''Anime/BattleAthletes Victory''*
* ''Anime/{{Beyblade}}'' (now licensed by Cinedigm)
* ''[[Anime/TheLegendOfBlackHeaven Black Heaven]]''*
* ''Manga/BlackLagoon'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/BottleFairy''*
* ''[[Anime/BurnUp Burn Up Scramble]]''*
* ''Anime/CaptainHarlock: Endless Odyssey''*
* ''Manga/CardCaptorSakura'' (now licensed by NISAmerica)
** ''[[Manga/CardcaptorSakura Cardcaptor Sakura: The Movie]]'' (now licensed by DiscotekMedia)
** ''[[Manga/CardcaptorSakura Cardcaptor Sakura 2: The Sealed Card]]''*
* ''Anime/{{Catnapped}}!''*
* ''Manga/{{Chobits}}'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''{{Cybuster}}''*
* ''TheDaichisEarthsDefenseFamily'' *
* ''Anime/DaphneInTheBrilliantBlue'' (now licensed by Creator/SentaiFilmworks)
* ''Manga/DearS'' (now licensed by DiscotekMedia)
* ''Anime/DeltoraQuest'' (now licensed by Cinedigm)
* ''[[Manga/MaoDante Demon Lord Dante]]''*
* ''[[Anime/MakaiSenkiDisgaea Disgaea]]'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Literature/ADogOfFlanders''*
* ''Manga/DokiDokiSchoolHours''*
* ''[[LightNovel/{{Dokkoida}} Dokkoida?!]]'' (now licensed by Creator/SentaiFilmworks)
* ''Manga/DragonBallZ'' (original release of first 67 episodes and three movies; distributing for Creator/FUNimation)
* ''WesternAnimation/DragonHunters''*
* ''Anime/DualParallelTroubleAdventure'' *
* ''Anime/ElHazardTheMagnificentWorld'' (now licensed by NozomiEntertainment)
* ''Manga/ElementalGelade''* (later distributed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/ErgoProxy'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/EXDriver''*
* ''Anime/FafnerInTheAzureDeadAggressor''*
* ''LightNovel/TheFamiliarOfZero'' (first season only, which they couldn't release as Geneon shut down in 2007; later distributed by Creator/FUNimation in 2008, now licensed by Creator/SentaiFilmworks, along with the rest of the series)
* ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight'' (2006 series only; now licensed by Creator/SentaiFilmworks)
* ''[[Manga/HajimeNoIppo Fighting Spirit]]''*
* ''Manga/FushigiYuugi'' (now licensed by MediaBlasters)
* ''Anime/GadGuard'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/{{Gankutsuou}}'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''VideoGame/GateKeepers''*
* ''Manga/GhostTalkersDaydream''*
* ''Anime/{{Gigantor}}'' (now licensed by Entertainment One)
* ''Manga/GirlsBravo'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''GreenLegendRan''*
* ''Anime/GregoryHorrorShow''*
* ''Anime/GunXSword'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/HaibaneRenmei'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''TheHakkenden''*
* ''Anime/HanaukyoMaidTai''*
* ''Anime/HandMaidMay''*
* ''Anime/HeatGuyJ'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/{{Hellsing}}'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
** ''[[Manga/{{Hellsing}} Hellsing Ultimate]]'' (Volumes 1-3 only; now licensed by Creator/FUNimation along with the rest of the series)
* ''VisualNovel/HigurashiWhenTheyCry''* (first season only; later distributed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/HumanCrossing''*
* ''HyperDoll''*
* ''Anime/IMyMeStrawberryEggs''*
* ''Manga/IkkiTousen'' (first season only; now licensed by Creator/FUNimation along with seasons 3-4)
* ''VisualNovel/{{Interlude}}''* (distributing for Toei USA)
* ''Manga/InuYasha'' (early [=DVDs=]; distributing for Creator/VizMedia, who now have the license outright)
* ''Anime/JubeiChan'' (second series, ''Jubei-chan II''; original series released by Creator/BandaiEntertainment)
* ''Anime/{{Kamichu}}''* (later distributed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Manga/KannazukiNoMiko'' (aka ''Destiny of the Shrine Maiden'') (now licensed by Creator/SentaiFilmworks)
* ''Manga/{{Karin}}''* (later distributed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''KishinCorps''*
* ''Manga/KoiKaze''*
* ''LightNovel/KyouKaraMaou''* (first season only; later distributed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''[[LRLicensedByRoyalty L/R: Licensed by Royalty]]''*
* ''Anime/LastExile'' (original series only; now licensed by Creator/FUNimation))
* ''Manga/TheLawOfUeki''* (later distributed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/ALittleSnowFairySugar'' (now licensed by Creator/SentaiFilmworks)
* ''Anime/LupinIIIRedJacket''*
** ''Anime/TheMysteryOfMamo'' (formerly licensed by StreamlinePictures, now licensed by Creator/DiscotekMedia)
* ''Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanoha''* (except [=StrikerS=]; later distributed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''[[Anime/PrettySammy Magical Project S]]''*
* ''Manga/{{Mahoromatic}}'' (now licensed by Creator/SentaiFilmworks)
* ''Anime/MaoChan''*
* ''Manga/MasterKeaton''*
* ''Anime/MelodyOfOblivion''*
* ''Manga/MermaidSaga''* (2003 "Mermaid's Forest" TV series only)
* ''Anime/{{Moldiver}}''*
* ''Literature/MoribitoGuardianOfTheSpirit'' (later licensed by Creator/MediaBlasters, and now by Creator/VizMedia)
* ''{{Nazca}}''*
* ''New Manga/GetterRobo''*
* ''Anime/NieaUnder7''*
* ''Anime/PandaGoPanda'' (now licensed by DiscotekMedia)
* ''Manga/ParadiseKiss''* (later distributed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/ParanoiaAgent''*
* ''Anime/{{Patlabor}} Movie 3: WXIII'' (now licensed by [[Creator/SentaiFilmworks Maiden Japan]])
* ''Anime/PhantomQuestCorp''*
* ''Anime/{{Pokemon}}'' (early [=DVDs=]; distributing for Creator/VizMedia)
* ''Anime/{{Popotan}}'' (now licensed by Creator/SentaiFilmworks)
* ''Manga/LePortraitDePetiteCossette'' (now licensed by Creator/SentaiFilmworks)
* ''Anime/PrettySammy''*
* ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf'' (early [=DVDs=]; distributing for Creator/VizMedia, who now hold the license completely)
* ''Literature/RequiemFromTheDarkness''*
* ''Anime/RODTheTV'' (now licensed by Creator/AniplexUSA)
* ''Manga/RozenMaiden'' (later distributed by Creator/FUNimation, currently licensed by Creator/SentaiFilmworks)
* ''Creator/RumikoTakahashi Anthology''*
* ''Manga/SailorMoon'' (seasons 3-4 and movies; now licensed by Creator/VizMedia, who also have the license to the first two seasons, the fifth season (Sailor Stars), and the specials, which are all being re-dubbed from scratch)
* ''Manga/{{Saiyuki}}'' ''Reload'' and ''Gunlock''*
* ''Anime/SakuraWarsTheMovie'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/SamuraiChamploo'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/SerialExperimentsLain'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''LightNovel/ShakuganNoShana'' (first season only; now licensed by Creator/FUNimation along with the rest of the series)
* ''Anime/SherlockHound'' (now licensed by Creator/DiscotekMedia)
* ''Manga/SlamDunk'' (distributing for Toei USA, now licensed by Cinedigm)
* ''LightNovel/ShonenOnmyouji''* (later distributed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/SolBianca The Legacy''*
* ''Manga/SomedaysDreamers'' (now licensed by Creator/SentaiFilmworks)
* ''Anime/TheSoulTaker''*
* ''Franchise/StarOcean EX''*
* ''Anime/StarshipOperators''*
* ''Anime/StellviaOfTheUniverse''*
* ''TheStoryOfSaiunkoku''* (first season only; later distributed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Manga/StrawberryMarshmallow''*
* ''Manga/Submarine707R''*
* ''VideoGame/TalesOfPhantasia''* (later distributed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/TenchiMuyo'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation, sans the Mihoshi Special)
* ''Manga/TenjhoTenge'' (now licensed by Creator/DiscotekMedia)
* ''Anime/{{Texhnolyze}}'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Manga/TokyoUnderground''*
* ''Manga/{{Trigun}}'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''VisualNovel/{{Tsukihime}}'' (now licensed by Creator/SentaiFilmworks)
* ''Manga/UltraManiac''* (later picked up by Creator/VizMedia, for streaming at least)
* ''Anime/{{Vandread}}'' (now licensed by Creator/FUNimation)
* ''VideoGame/ViewtifulJoe''*
* ''Manga/{{X1999}}''*
* ''Manga/{{Zipang}}''*
[[/index]]

!! Tropes associated with Geneon Entertainment:
* KeepCirculatingTheTapes: Applies to the titles that have not yet been rescued, like ''VisualNovel/HigurashiWhenTheyCry''.
* MeaningfulName: Back when they were known as Pioneer and were one of the first companies to regularly distribute Anime in North America.
** IronicName: As stated above, Geneon is a portmanteau of the English words '''gen'''erate and '''eon''' meant to signify innovation and longevity. The North American branch would only last for 4 more years before they stopped distributing titles
* NoDubForYou: Mostly averted with their anime catalog as the majority of their titles were dubbed even when the company was in financial trouble (though some shows got really cheap dubs). However, their live action catalog plays this trope straight.
* VanillaEdition: Geneon was notorious for this before they went out of business. As a last ditch effort to just save what dwindling money was left, a lot of Geneon title DVD releases such as ''Manga/DearS'', ''Manga/AiYoriAoshi'' and ''Manga/{{Karin}}'' were nothing more than the episodes, and maybe a textless opening and ending. Older series released back when they were still doing fine at least had some trailers, but still nothing much beyond that in terms of extras.
* WhatCouldHaveBeen: Their attempted alliance with Creator/ADVFilms.
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