(August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987) was a visual artist, filmmaker, producer, printmaker, icon, author, part-time model and clothing designer
Born in Pittsburgh
, Andy Warhol was a sickly child and often hospitalized. He developed a phobia of hospitals
and was pathologically shy. Interested in drawing, he had a lot of time to practice. He went to art school and moved to New York. He started in commercial art illustration, but radically changed his style. Andy became famous for his hyper-saturated representations of everyday items, adhering to the concept that the everyday is beautiful. Famous pieces include Campbell's Soup Cans
, Marilyn Diptych
Andy founded The Factory
: a menagerie of his friends, drag queens, musicians, sexual radicals, models, drug dealers, free-thinkers and other oddities. Many of the "Warhol Superstars" including Edie Sedgwick, Betsey Johnson and Gerard Malanga went on to become stars in their individual fields. Other Factory regulars included Salvador Dali
, Allen Ginsberg
, William S. Burroughs
, Mick Jagger
, Truman Capote and The Velvet Underground
Things changed when Valerie Solanas
shot Warhol. Warhol survived the shooting but the event had a permanent effect on his life and work. He said of the shooting,
After that, The Factory was finished
. In the 70's, Warhol did portraits commissioned by Michael Jackson
, Liza Minnelli, and John Lennon
among others. In the 80's Warhol collaborated with younger artists. He died in '87, after delaying a check up on a gallbladder issue due to his phobia of hospitals.
Andy Warhol is the Trope Namer for:
Works about Andy Warhol include:
- Scenes From The Life Of Andy Warhol 1990 Film by Jonas Mekas
- I Shot Andy Warhol 1996 Film
- Songs For Drella 1990 album by Lou Reed and John Cale
- Superstar: The Life and Times of Andy Warhol 1996 Documentary by Chuck Workman
Works where Andy Warhol appears as a character include: Comics Film Literature Live-Action Television Opera Video Games
- The Sims. In The Sims 1: Superstar expansion, Warhol is depicted as the main photographer.
Andy Warhol's More Notable Works include:
(Note that many of his works have the property of being Exactly What It Says on the Tin
, so there's no need to Pot Hole
that trope in this section.)Painting
Film Directly Made By Warhol
- "Campbell's Soup Cans" (sometimes "32 Campbell's Soup Cans"), a series of paintings which consisted of 32 different varieties of Campbell's Soup Cans.
- "Marilyn Diptych", his most famous work besides the Soup Cans, consisting of 50 repetitions of a publicity still of Marilyn Monroe, with one half in color, the other in steadily decaying black and white; made two weeks after her death, probably as a meditation on celebrity deaths.
Warhol made a series of films between 1963 and 1969, which include:
Film, Made By Another Guy But Associated With WarholPaul Morrissey
- Empire, a 485 minute shot of the Empire State Building.
- Taylor Mead's Ass, 70 minutes of Exactly What It Says on the Tin; a somewhat sarcastic response to one critic who complained about "films focusing on Taylor Mead's ass for two hours."
- Vinyl, one of the only Warhol directed films with a plot: A very very loose adaption of 'A Clockwork Orange'' (predating the Stanley Kubrick movie by about 6 years), done in a single almost-continuous shot.
- Chelsea Girls, a somewhat unusual experiment consisting of two sets of sketches, presented side by side, one in color, the other in black and white. Co-directed by Paul Morrissey.
wrote and directed two films, produced by Warhol (some claim that Warhol's involvement only amounted to allowing his name to be used):
"In the future, these tropes will be famous for 15 minutes":