"In my opinion, the M1 rifle is the greatest battle implement ever devised."Back to Cool Guns
— General George S Patton on the M1 Garand
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Winchester lever-action rifle
"There is but one answer to terrorism and it is best delivered with a Winchester rifle."
—Theodore Roosevelt, on dealing with terrorists
AKA "The Gun That Won the West", the Winchesternote is the quintessential lever-action rifle seen in numerous westerns. In real life, the unique design was for its main utility as a horseback gun; the shorter barrel and the repeating lever made it easier for horseback soldiers to fire off of a speeding horse. While The Wild West is long gone, the Winchester rifle and its lever-action cousins are still used today for hunting.note In movies, the model in question will almost always be the Model 1892 carbine, due to the ubiquity of the "Five-in-One" blank cartridge.note A Model 1866 (with a brass or "yellowboy" receiver) will often have the forestock removed and do double duty as a Civil War-era Henry rifle (the original Winchester levergun, named after the head of Winchester's design team), as until recent reproductions came onto the scene, the "Yellowboy" Winchester was much more readily available.
- Cool Action: As with the Winchester 1887 shotgun, spin-cocking it is very common in fiction. Don't Try This at Home-you will break your fingers. It should noted that its successor, the 1893 Winchester, is the original "trench gun" and "street sweeper". note
- On the subject of trivia not entirely related to the weapon: Computer hard disks were referred to as "Winchesters" in the 1970s and 1980s. The original IBM designation for their first hard disk drive was 30-30, which is the same as the .30-30 Winchester round developed for the 1894. The name still persists in several languages for a hard disk drive.
- Name a Western, any Western.
- Lord Bowler in The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr. uses a sawn-off version commonly called a "Mare's Leg," identical to the one used by Steve McQueen in Wanted: Dead or Alive.
- In For a Few Dollars More and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, Clint Eastwood's character carries a "Hollywood Henry" (a 1866 Winchester modified as mentioned above).
- Namegiver of and found in a bar in Shaun of the Dead.
- Tom Selleck uses a rarely-seen Model 1876 Centennial .45-60 with a military-style handguard as his Weapon of Choice in Crossfire Trail
- Vincent can use three Winchester rifles in Final Fantasy VII. In addition to a standard Winchester Model 1894, he has access to a "Mare's Leg" version called the "Shortbarrel", and the "Sniper CR" which is simply the Shortbarrel with a sniper scope attached.
- Harry Dresden carries one on the cover of Cold Days
- Shows up in Fallout: New Vegas as the "Cowboy Repeater", rechambered for .357 Magnum.
- The Model 1894 appears in Killing Floor as the "Lever-Action Rifle", where it is incredibly cheap, very useful with its high power per-shot (about equivalent to the Commando's SCAR-H), and easy to aim (the model uses a rear-tang peep sight). As of the Sharpshooter update it's available in Killing Floor 2 as well, using the standard sights but otherwise having similar characteristics.
- Added in the Blue Sun mod for '7.62 High Caliber''. The Winchester 1892 is available in three different sizes (full size rifle, carbine, and Mare's Leg pistol) and each can be had in .45 Long Colt, .44 Magnum, or .357 Magnum.
- In Jurassic World, Owen uses a scoped carbine version of this gun (actually a Marlin 1895, as a Winchester ejects from the top and can't use a conventional scope) with a shiny nickel finish. Even amongst the sleek, modern black assault rifles used by the In-Gen security forces, it still manages to draw the viewer's eye. It also makes sense, as the Marlin 1895's big, slow, and heavy .45-70 Government round is far more effective against large, dangerous game (like carnivorous dinosaurs) than 5.56 or even .308, while also being much more handy and manageable than the .600 Nitro Express of Roland Tembo's elephant gun.
- The Model 1873 is added as a sniper rifle to PAYDAY 2 with "The Butcher's Western Pack" DLC, as the "Repeater 1874". Owing to being a pistol-caliber rifle, it has the lowest damage per shot of the sniper rifles, but it's still damaging enough to one-shot most enemies below Hard difficulty (and beyond with headshots, naturally) with higher ammo counts than the others (15 rounds in the mag, 45 total), and being a sniper rifle it still punches through thin materials and shields. It's one of only three sniper rifles that can accept iron sights instead of a scope (the others being the below Mosin-Nagant and the later Winchester Model 70), the only one to start with iron sights by default, and the only one to not accept the wide variety of other sights the other sniper rifles get (its only scope option is a unique A5 scope).
- Appears in the Louisiana chapters of BloodRayne as the "Winkesler Rifle."
- Marlin's similar Model 1894 features in Battlefield 4, added with the Spring 2015 patch. It's cut down like the Mare's Leg, with the addition of rails; due to its short size and being chambered for .44 Magnum, it's treated as a sidearm.
- The Winchester Models 1866 and 1873 are very common sight in Westworld. Notably, outlaw Hector Escaton carries a "Mare's Leg" variant.
- Doc wields a Model 1866 "Yellow Boy" in Back to the Future Part III modified with a large loop lever and a massive scope.
"What does a battle rifle have in common with a microwave?
They both go "ping" when they're done."
They both go "ping" when they're done."
Perhaps THE semi-automatic rifle, and usually the first thing one imagines when they think of a WW2 rifle. One of the first semi-automatic weapons fielded by a major army, it fired 8 rounds of .30-06 from its internal clip-fed magazine,note and continues to be a sticking point among people trying to explain the difference between a clip and a magazine, as one of the few examples of the clip itself being physically inserted into a weapon. Legendary durability was a plus, too, though the gun had a nasty snap to its action that lead to a common complaint known as "rifleman's thumb" or more simply "M1 thumb."note Introduced in 1936, the weapon replaced the M1903 Springfield as the US military's main service rifle, and saw service through WWII and Korea, with some variants still in limited use in Vietnam, especially the M1D sniper variant with a fitted scope. With the advent of automatic rifles, the American military tried to convert the M1 into the M14 battle rifle, which was introduced in 1958. Even by changing the ammo from .30-06 to .308 Winchester / 7.62x51 NATO, it turned out to be too much dakka, leading to its ultimately short life as a primary service rifle. The Garand served with other military elements well into the 70s, and are still used by military drill teams even today. Commonly said to have the "disadvantage" that the ejecting en-bloc clip made a distinctive ping when it hit the ground; in practice this was not nearly as large a problem as is often believed, since the ping was usually drowned out by gunfire, only occurred on hard surfaces, and the rifleman with a Garand reloaded more quickly and fired faster than any opponent with a bolt-action rifle could hope to. In fact, some riflemen took advantage of this quirk, whereby they would intentionally make the pinging noise (usually by banging an empty clip on their helmet) to tempt enemies out of cover. Some Italian versions (the Beretta BM59) with detachable box magazines were produced after World War II, and for a time were the standard rifle of the Italian Army. M1s were exported and loaned out to allies as well. They saw limited use with some Canadian units in WWII. Mikhail Kalashnikov copied the bolt of a lend-lease Garand and put it in his new AK rifle — yes, that one. South Korean soldiers initially complained that the Garands they received on official loan from their US allies in the late 1940s were too long and too heavy, though those complaints quickly stopped when their Northern cousins came to visit in 1950. American Garands also found their way into Filipino, Dutch, Haitian, Japanese, Lao, Cambodian, and Vietnamese hands as well. And during the Chinese Civil War, the M1 Garand slowly replaced the 7.92mm Type 24 as the primary service rifle of Nationalist China. The M1 Garand remained the main service rifle of the ROCA after the Communist victory in the civil war, and is still in use as a ceremonial rifle. In particular, the Taiwanese honor guard carry extremely cool-looking black and chrome◊ Garands with bayonets fixed.
- Cool Action: The Garand literally has a cool action; you're guaranteed to see close-ups of it cycling if the movie focuses on anyone firing it even slightly. Coolest and most exaggerated is the ejection of the empty en-bloc clip as the last round is fired, which in a movie will typically produce an almighty "SHIIIING!" noise almost as loud as the actual gunshot. Extra cool points (and Truth in Television) if the shooter slaps the bolt at the end of his reload.
- The cool action and clip feeding system were also the Garand's foremost flaw: the rifle was not to be fed with individual bullets in standard form, only the clip - it could be reloaded one round at a time, but it was very hard to do it - so soldiers were simply trained to fire all 8 rounds and only reload from empty. As the American forces had plenty of ammo, the fault was not apparent, but for the civilian post-war market there had been some modifications to make it more user-friendly.
- One of the main reasons this was a problem during the war was that rifle grenades were still widely used, and required blanks to fire rather than regular ammo. With traditional bolt-action rifles this was easy; just open the bolt and manually insert a blank. For Garands equipped with rifle grenade adapters, special two-round clips for the blanks had to be issued (a one-round clip just wasn't possible with the specific design of the Garand clip system). For this reason, rifle grenadiers more often than not were the only guys in the squad still carrying an M1903.
- The cool action and clip feeding system were also the Garand's foremost flaw: the rifle was not to be fed with individual bullets in standard form, only the clip - it could be reloaded one round at a time, but it was very hard to do it - so soldiers were simply trained to fire all 8 rounds and only reload from empty. As the American forces had plenty of ammo, the fault was not apparent, but for the civilian post-war market there had been some modifications to make it more user-friendly.
- Any WWII movie featuring the Americans; the Garand is if anything a little too common, often displacing the Springfield M1903 rifle which was still issued in fairly high quantities, especially among the Marines as they didn't start getting any until every Army order was filled.
- During the Omaha Beach scene of Saving Private Ryan, special closeups are given of M1-equipped members of The Squad returning fire, complete with loud empty-clip ejections.
- In videogames, it's the weapon most likely to not follow the One Bullet Clips rule, and will usually be impossible to reload without shooting off the entire en-bloc clip first (or if it can be reloaded mid-clip, it'll simply be dragged offscreen during - even if every other gun has an actual reloading animation). Truth in Television, as it was notoriously hard to insert cartridges into the magazine while under any kind of pressure, and American soldiers were typically instructed to simply fire off any remaining rounds rather than try. While ejecting a partially-spent clip was possible using the clip latch, the Manual of Arms for the weapon stipulated that the soldier should instead fire until the current clip was empty and reload a fresh one.
- Vietnam examples are a little rarer since the M14 and M16 tend to take the spotlight; it's seen in the hands of Laotian troops in Air America, and the M1D sniper version can be used in the Vietcong games.
- Whenever they need a gun with some serious power, the MythBusters will often use a Garand.
- Videogames often reproduce the peculiar "ping" noise when it runs out, but almost always make the mistake of attributing it to the weapon's mechanism locking back on empty, so the gun pings when it fires the last bullet rather than when the empty clip hits the ground... and as such it happens even when the player is standing on soft terrain.
- Every World War II-based Call of Duty game features this extensively. World at War includes the sniper-scope attachment in multiplayer (which boosts its power to the same as the otherwise-stronger bolt-action rifles). It also faithfully reproduces the complex reload-from-partially-empty-clip nature of the weapon (the other games don't let you manually reload it at all), making it take longer to reload from that state than to just fire off the last 2 or so rounds and then insert a fresh clip.
- Black Ops 3 introduces a futurized version called the "MX Garand" as part of its Awakening DLC. It's a two shot kill pretty much anywhere except the head. And like the M1, the MX's clip has to be empty in order to reload.
- In Fallout: New Vegas it can be acquired as a unique weapon, named "This Machine". Unsurprisingly, it's a virtual Game Breaker, firing the .308 round, and having a good fire rate, clip size, and accuracy. A Dummied Out non-unique variant, the "Battle Rifle", is re-added with the Gun Runners' Arsenal DLC.
- Available in the 1.13 mod for Jagged Alliance 2. The in-game gun website even lampshades the ridiculousness.
If you have an M1 Garand for some reason, here's some ammo for it.
- One of the weapons available for player use in L.A. Noire. It holds an unrealistic sixteen rounds in one en-bloc clip, twice its real life capacity.
- Present in the World War 2-based Battlefield games, alongside the extremely rare Japanese Type 5 copy. Battlefield: Bad Company 2 adds it as an every-kit weapon for "Battlefield Veterans" (those who confirm on the game's website that they've played other Battlefield games), while the introductory mission for the campaign again gives the player the Type 5.
- In Hellsing, Luke Valentine carries a pair of chopped-down Garands that he uses as pistols.
- Recommended along with the M1 Carbine in The Zombie Survival Guide for being a fast and reliable rifle, as well as the fact that it is a good hand-to-hand weapon in close quarters.
- Added in the Blue Sun mod for 7.62 High Caliber as an early battle rifle, appearing before even AKs and other assault rifles. It's mostly stymied by its low capacity and bulk.
- The M1D is available in Sniper Elite V2 with the "St. Pierre" DLC pack. Sniper Elite III likewise features the M1C as your starting sniper rifle.
- Walt Kowalski in Gran Torino has one left over from the Korean War, which he uses to scare some hoodlums off his lawn. He doesn't actually fire it in the film, but tells Tao that he used it to kill a young North Korean soldier who wasn't much older than him who was trying to surrender and has had to live with it all his life.
- The M1 Garand is the standard rifle of US troops in Men of War, where it is one of the best rifles of its ammo class, due to the semi-auto fire and large magazine capacity.
- US Riflemen and Rangers will be armed with these rifles in Company of Heroes, though some will opt out for BARs and Thompsons respectively for suppressive fire or better performance for close-quarters combat through upgrades.
The M1A1 Carbine, a .30 caliber semi-automatic rifle with a folding stock, is commonly issued to paratroopers. Though it lacks the stopping power of larger rifles, it's lightweight, accurate and compact.
—Manual Description, ''Call of Duty
The "assault rifle" before assault rifles were cool.note The M1 Carbine fires a bullet with the inventively named caliber of .30 Carbine, which was designed to cover the gap in effective range between .45 ACP pistols and SMGs and the .30-06 M1 Garand. Utilizing a short-stroke gas system devised by a no-shit convict,note 15- and later (post-war) 30-round detachable box magazines (when the British Lee-Enfield had only 10, and the iconic Garand had a mere 8), and its own proprietary .30 caliber round, the weapon was a favorite of paratroopers, officers, and vehicle crews. The primary purpose of the M1 was to provide a decent longarm for behind-the-lines troops in case an enemy using blitzkrieg tactical doctrine was able to outmanoeuvre the front line troops and interdict their supply lines. The Nazis, especially the Waffen-SS, also loved captured M1 Carbines. A variant with a pistol grip and a folding wire stock, the M1A1, was actually developed for paratroopers so that they could have a longarm from the moment they hit the ground instead of having to assemble their weapons while people were trying to kill them. It saw extensive use in Korea (where it obtained a significant hatedom due to its perceived lack of stopping powernote ) and was even used through to the end of Vietnam, as well as use by nearly every Western European military.note The M2 variant issued in Korea was full-auto, and the M3 version saw one of the world's first night sights (which was incredibly bulky, and that's not even including its primitive battery which was so large it had to be carried in a separate backpack and attached via cable). In addition to surplus rifles, very slightly modified versions were produced for civilian sales (the main difference being that the wood handguard is usually replaced by a perforated sheet metal one), which for a time were very popular as self-defense weapons.
- Almost every WWII movie, ever. Usually seen anachronistically with post-war bayonet lug and upgraded sights, as M1 Carbines that escaped the upgrades are comparatively rare.
- In Mob City, Joe Teague uses an M1 Carbine that he likely brought back from his service in World War II.
- Indiana Jones (and various mooks) in Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull.
- Charlton Heston in Planet of the Apes.
- Almost everyone in The Green Berets who doesn't have an M16.
- Infamously, was the weapon wielded◊ by Patty Hearst, when she was brainwashed into aiding the Symbionese Liberation Army. Also, Ebony magazine published a famous photo◊ of Malcolm X covering a window with one, when his split with the Nation of Islam turned nasty.
- Unlocked for multiplayer in Call of Duty: World at War at level 65, or level 1 for players who pre-ordered the game. It has the highest damage and magazine capacity of its weapon type.
- The original Call of Duty commonly featured the M1A1 in the American campaign. As above, it is incorrectly fitted with post-war adjustable sights. Given that video games aren't governed by real-life rarity, chances are the programmers simply hadn't seen the genuine WWII configuration. Call of Duty 2 had the original version with period-accurate sights, but made it much rarer (not to mention still calling it the M1A1).
- The unnamed "Carbine" or "Huntsman" in BioShock Infinite appears to be based on the M1. It would normally be anachronistic within the game's 1912 setting, but the existence of interdimensional "tears" throughout Columbia explains its presence. Its high power and thicker magazine suggest that the Columbian version is chambered in something larger than .30 Carbine.
- In The Zombie Survival Guide, the M1 is named as the best firearm to use against zombies, due to being short and light enough for indoor combat and on the run.
- Added in the Blue Sun mod for 7.62 High Caliber. It doesn't appear very often and it faithfully replicates the gun's attributes: very light and fairly powerful at close range, but not a substitute for a proper battle rifle or assault rifle.
- Return to Castle Wolfenstein features the M3 carbine, with the massive IR scope, as the "Snooper Rifle"; it's a silenced, far more powerful alternative to sticking a scope on the standard Kar98 or using the FG42, but it holds far less ammunition (15 bullets max, compared to 200 in reserve for the Kar98 and FG42) and you can't get more from dead enemies.
- Men of War features the M1A1 Carbine carried exclusively by the US Airborne paratroopers, while a slightly anachronistic M2 Carbine model with 30 round magazines is issued to US Army Rangers.
- Insurgency initially featured the WWII-era M1A1 paratrooper model as an antique Insurgent weapon. Following the Oct 2015 patch, the weapon model was replaced with a newer, post-WWII M1 Carbine model with full stock and updated adjustable rear-sightsnote , with an added option of using the M2's 30-round extended magazine.
- American Airborne troops make good use of this rifle in Company of Heroes, as well as a token member of a Rifleman or Rangers unit.
- Remington-manufactured M2 Carbines are used by mooks in Dr. No. Quarrel uses one to fire at the Dragon tank and near the end, Bond takes out the guards' attack dogs with one. The M1 Carbine shows up in in You Only Live Twice as one of the many guns used by SPECTRE mooks.
The Simonov SKS was designed and fielded in the last days of World War 2. Firing the intermediate 7.62x39mm round (which is known for being the same caliber used by the AK-47), it was soon replaced by AK pattern weapons and ultimately forgotten in the Soviet Union. It went on to have quite a long career in the People's Republic of China, the Democratic Peoples' Republic of North Korea, the Democratic (later Socialist) Republic of Vietnam and numerous other former Soviet client states, and it is still quite a popular gun around the world today. Visually, it is very similar to the SVT-40 (actually based on a down-scaled version of the PTRS anti-tank rifle), although not quite as pretty, a good bit more robust (slightly heavier), and 8 inches shorter. The SKS features a fixed magazine with a capacity of 10 rounds which can be filled either by clips, or one at a time. The SKS is slightly more powerful and accurate than the AK because it features a longer barrel and better sights.note The SKS features a fixed magazine with a capacity of 10 rounds, which can be filled either by clips or one at a time. Most have bayonets that fold underneath the barrel, or at least originally did; some (especially from China) had the bayonet removed prior to import. When the Communist Bloc fell, all of a sudden, it was suddenly available for very cheap with crates of Soviet and Chinese ammunition (Soviet variants qualified for "Curio and Relic" status, as do Yugoslavian ones,note along with the ultra-rare East Germannote , North Korean and Vietnamese versions, which bypassed some restrictions on account of being brought home as war trophies), and the fixed magazine meant that they were not at all affected under the Clinton Assault Weapons Ban of 1994) (which when it came to rifles only dealt with those with a detachable magazine), and a large number of people found that the ballistics matched up nicely with those of the .30-30 Winchester 1894 (the "poor man's deer rifle" of the previous century). Frequently susceptible to being "bubba'd" with optical sights (Scoped SKS'es served as urban marksmen rifles in the Bosnian War, but lackadaisical beyond that role), "tactical" accessories (or "tacticool", as some disparagingly call them; these include jam-happy aftermarket detachable magazines) and camo paint. Now it's a favorite of both hunters, as well as mall ninjas on too low a budget for an AR-15. It is also a moderately popular choice of Home Defense weapon, being easy to use, easy to bring to bear, and firing a relatively more powerful round than handguns, shotgun pellets, and the AR-15 (and a round that's readily available at a low price).
- Cool Action: One of the last rifles designed to feed from stripper clips, will lock open on empty. If the operator needs to reload with a partial magazine, he would pull the magazine latch allowing it to swing open dropping all the cartridges, close it, and pull the bolt back. Having a dump pouch for those falling cartridges and then being able to be loaded with said loose cartridges one by one make it ideal for ammo shortage scenarios. Also helps when the Chinese issued low profile chest-rigs that carry 200 rounds of ammo on stripper clips in 10 pouches, you could theoretically wear two to three of them depending on your shoulder strength for a total of 400-600 rounds on your chest! This can be achieved because stripper clips are lighter than stamped metal magazines. The Czechoslovakian VZ. 58 assault rifle can also be fed via stripper clips alongside detachable proprietary magazines (AK mags won't fit) but lacks the capacity to quickly unload the cartridges into a dump pouch.
- Rebels in Tropic Thunder.
- NVA forces in We Were Soldiers, Born on the Fourth of July, and many more movies set in Vietnam (Truth in Television, as the design was exported to nearly all Communist nations).
- Afghan villagers in Rambo III.
- A very good long-range rifle in 7.62 High Calibre, including permanently attached bayonet. In keeping with the Gun Porn styling, you can also get the Type 63 and Type 84 carbines (which use detachable AK magazines, a godsend in a game with no stripper clips for reloads) and the Zastava LK M59/66, which is unique among SKS clones in being capable of fitting a sniper scope.
- Several variants of the SKS have been seen in the Battlefield series:
- In Battlefield: Vietnam, the Type-56 Carbine appears as the standard NVA or Viet Cong rifle, utilizing the stripper clip method of reloading.
- The popular Battlefield 2 Game Mod Project Reality has the SKS in the hands of the Iraqi Insurgents, Taliban and Chechen Militia forces.
- Appears in Battlefield 3's multiplayer mode as a mid-range sniper rifle, equipped with just about every single one of the aforementioned "bubba" accessories. Battlefield 4 features the same weapon again.
- Appears in the DayZ standalone. It is one of the better non modern military weapons, able to mount a medium range PU scope and can kill in 1-2 hits anywhere on the body. Arguably its most useful feature is the fact that it does not need a magazine to fully load it.
- A favored weapon of Imperator Furiosa in Mad Max: Fury Road, this one modified with a large scope and an extra block of wood under the forestock to accommodate her mechanical left arm.
- In a rare instance of the rifle appearing during WWII, Men of War features an early model of the SKS in the hands of Soviet Red Guardsmen and Spetznaz troops. Truth in Television, as the rifle was developed in 1944 and had documented field-tests during the Soviet's last push into Germany.note
- Nicknamed the "Simonov carbine" in The Things They Carried as one of the weapons that O'Brien's platoon used in combat, possibly captured or looted from dead Viet Cong.
The Lee-Enfield is widely regarded as one of the best bolt-action rifles ever made. It began as a variation of the short-livednote Lee-Metford rifle with a shorter barrel that dumped the Metford-type polygonal rifling. At the time of its introduction, it was considered to be far too inaccurate as well as unreliable for combat; there was also resistance to the idea of a magazine rifle from top brass, with fears of wasted ammo and the detachable magazinenote being lost. Early rifles often had the magazine chained to the rifle's body to prevent a careless soldier from losing it and were fitted with a "magazine cutoff," a panel that closed over the magazine and turned the rifle into a single-shot breech-loader; soldiers were ordered to use the magazine only in emergencies, an order which was so universally ignored that the cutoff ended up being deleted altogether as a cost-saving measure.note It turned out however, that the SMLE was not as bad as was thought. In fact, it was just about one of the best rifles ever made; the main problem in the Boer Wars was the ammunition, not the rifle, although early Enfield barrels had crappy quality control, which was quickly tightened up to produce truly exceptional weapons. It was accurate, reliable, and most notably, fast: every British soldier was expected to be able to do the "Mad Minute," firing not less than fifteen aimed shots in sixty seconds; most were drilled until they could manage thirty (and thus also reload three times during that time).note This had quite an effect on the enemy; German accounts frequently praised British rifle fire.note This was helped by the fact that the rifle could carry ten rounds of ammunition at a time, double that of the rival German Mauser. Lest the Enfield be thought of as a superweapon, the design was mechanically much less sound than the Mauser or Mosin designs; repeated firing of .303 British caused the receiver to stretch out over time, necessitating longer and longer bolt heads to be installed over the life of the weapon; good thing they designed the bolt head to be detachable. This is why, while the Mauser 98 action is used for all sorts of super-magnum big-game hunting rifles, the Enfield action was rarely used for sporting rifles. The British Army as well as the associated Commonwealth states, would continue to make use of this rifle all throughout World War I and World War II, with Lee-Enfield sniper rifles lasting all the way into the 1990s. note And in India, they're still in use as police weapons to this day.note A little-known fact is that despite being the quintessential British rifle, the designer of its basic action, James Paris Lee, was Americannote . After it failed to gain much interest from the US military note , the design was picked up by the British military, who adopted it for their Lee-Metford rifles. An improved barrel resulted in the Lee-Enfield long rifle, followed by a succession of improvements leading to the SMLE in 1904, less than two months before his death.
- Cool Accessory: Earlier versions of the SMLE, up to the No.1 Mk III*, featured the P1907 Enfield sword bayonet, which was over 17 inches long,◊ or roughly 3 inches longer than the German equivalent. The reason for this extreme length was that at the time, the SMLE was noticeably shorter than most other rifles at the time: prior to World War I, military theorists argued that the shorter length would put British soldiers at a disadvantage when forced into hand-to-hand combat, as their opponent would have a longer reach. The response was to create a longer bayonet, to make up for this deficiency. While undoubtedly cool and a sound idea in theory, it turned out that the long, unwieldy rifle-bayonet was a distinct disadvantage when fighting in the confines of the trenches (though no moreso than a shorter bayonet on the longer Gewehr 98 Mauser rifles used by most German soldiers). However, the length of the sword bayonet proved to be just about ideal for a close-quarters battle weapon, provided that it was detached and used alone. By the time of World War II, India was making shorter versions of the P1907 bayonet while Britain and Australia still used the full-length ones. But Britain was transitioning to the No.4 Mk I version, which used the widely disliked "pigsticker" spike bayonet that had no capacity for use as a handheld knife separate from the rifle.
- Anything set in World War 2 and featuring the British should feature this weapon, though sometimes they are shown using American weapons instead.
- On the other hand, some movies have depicted American GIs with SMLEs slung on their shoulders instead of the correct M1 Garand. Depends on where it was filmed.
- Likewise, any work set in World War One. If the Tommies are seen using something else other than Ross rifles or P'14 Enfields over the SMLE as their primary weapons, something's wrong.
- Used in Gallipoli by the ANZAC army and is seen in the hands of all the main characters.
- Features in Kokoda which is to be expected considering it's about the Australian forces on the Kokoda Track during WWII.
- The Jawa Ion Blasters used in Star Wars: A New Hope were built from a heavily sawed-off Lee-Enfield No.1 Mk III with the grenade-launcher attachment glued to the shortened barrel.
- The Desmond Bagley novel Flyaway has a lengthy scene where an accountant who's never handled a weapon in his life works out how to fire an SMLE, whereupon he blows the Big Bad's head off.
- In Crocodile Dundee and it's sequels, Mick Dundee uses a customised Enfield 303 Sporter with a thumbhole stock. It makes sense as Paul Hogan wanted to create an alternative to the regular '80s action heroes, so being armed with a pre-WWI bolt-action rifle is about as far away from the '80s action hero guns as you can get.
- Another weapon featured prominently in the Call of Duty games. Like the Garand, it is one of the few weapons not to follow the same One Bullet Clips rule as the other rifles, due to carrying double the ammo; in Call of Duty 2, it's also one of the few rifles to still (intentionally, unlike the first game's Mosin-Nagant) reload with stripper clips when scoped.
- Killing Floor DLC features a steampunk variation as the "Single-Piston Long Musket"; one of the very few depictions of the weapon where it is reloaded by replacing the magazine.
- The "Hunting Rifle" in Cry of Fear is a scoped Lee-Enfield with a reduced capacity. It fares well as your only real long-range option when you can find ammo for it, but that ammo is among the rarest in the game.
- Battlefield 1942, naturally. The game actually inverts the point about WWII British forces above, as every Allied nation uses it, even after patches giving the Americans and Russians their own weapons (the Sniper for every Allied faction still uses a scoped SMLE).
- The rifle was shown in The Bridge on the River Kwai, in the hands of the Japanese soldiers instead of the British soldiers when the former should have Arisaka rifles. The movie was filmed in Sri Lanka; being a former British colony, they had easy access to British weaponry (as the Japanese troops also used Thompsons and Vickers Machine Guns too.) It could be argued that the Japanese have confiscated the rifles from the British POWs after seizing Singapore and Hong Kong.
- British Infantry and Sappers will be armed with these rifles in Company of Heroes, some will opt out with Bren guns and PIAT Launchers respectively from upgrades for close-quarter combat and anti-tank combat respectively. Infantry Sections can have a designated Marksman use a scoped Lee-Enfield or use Rifle Grenades for more firepower.
- The British and Canadian troops in Verdun are armed with the Mk. III Rifle, which can be outfitted with a scope and a bayonet. The Horrors of War DLC gives the Canadian Raiders a sawn-off Enfield, while the Specialists were given the notorious Ross Rifle which was their service rifle at the time.
- The expansion packs for Medal of Honor: Allied Assault has the British use the No. 4 Lee-Enfield, and the similar yet anachronistic L42A1 as their service and sniper rifles which the player can use. In European Assault, the player can find and use a Lee-Enfield fitted with a scope, but for some odd reason, it holds five rounds rather than ten.
- The SMLE appears in Battlefield 1 as a sniper rifle and a scopeless bolt-action rifle for the Scout class. It's widely agreed to be one of the best primaries in the game for its magazine size and its firing speed. A customized version with engravings and a red dot sight is also available if the player downloads the Lawrence of Arabia DLC.
A Russian-made bolt-action rifle. It originated as the main infantry rifle of Czarist Russia and saw considerable action in the Second World War as the "long spear" of Red Army snipers. It was also the preferred weapon of The End, the Cobra Unit's aged sniper.
—Description, Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker
Many classic military rifles are beautiful examples of master craftsmanship embodying form and function. The Mosin-Nagant didn't give much of a damn about the former. It's not pretty or refined, but it works. It has enough power to knock a man down a kilometer away, but one off the rack can usually only be trusted to at most 700yds. The action takes a bit of muscle, but there are few ways it can go wrong, all of which can be solved with a properly-applied boot. It's far from perfect, but it is good enough to still be competitive today. The Russian analogue to Mauser-based designs,note this 7.62mm bolt-action rifle was originally designed by Sergei Ivanovich Mosin, with details taken from a competing design by Léon Nagant, first rolled out in 1891 and still seeing use today. It was replaced in Russia as a general issue weapon by SKS and later AK pattern weapons and as a sniper weapon by the SVD, though a handful remained in the active Soviet inventory long enough to see action as sniper/designated marksman rifles in Afghanistan in the 80s (an accurized Mosin-Nagant will outperform a Dragunov in terms of long-range ballistics). Recent events in Ukraine prove Slavs still have a place for the old "garbage rod." Known for its rugged construction, a "safety" that is non-intuitivenote and unknown by most owners of the weapon.note Firing a powerful 7.62x54R round, this rifle was used by the Russians in WWI, by the Soviets in WWII, and by both sides in the Russian Civil War and the Russo-Finish Winter War (the previous two leading to the gag that the rifle has "fought itself and won every time"; the Finnish version used 7.62x53R ammunition, though the difference was mainly just in name). The British and American expeditions to help the Whites during Red October also saw Tommies and Doughboys outfitted with Mosins. The first Mosin order was even fulfilled by France and during the war, the American company Remington made them under contract from the Tsar. Many of these Mosins either went with the American Expeditionary Force or fell into National Guard and military academy hands, where they were mostly just used for practice and drill, until a little something called WW2 came to America's doorstep. When the Japanese encountered the National Guard, more than a few guardsmen were carrying Mosins. Said to be the weapon of legendary snipers like Vasily Zaitsev, Ivan Sidorenko and Simo Häyhä, the latter credited with 505 confirmed kills with the Finnish M28 variant. During the Spanish Civil War, the Republicans were provided with huge quantities of Mosins from the USSR, and were used frequently by their army as well as becoming the primary service rifle for the International Brigades. A massive number of these rifles were made (over 37 million have been produced overall, and 17 million just from the 91/30 variant — only the AK has higher production numbers), and many were packed up by the Soviets to prepare for World War III. When that never came, the crates were bought up by Americans and the rifle is now very common on the surplus market for just a couple hundred dollars, though prices of the carbine versions have spiked to around $400. Finnish Mosins tend to be more expensive than the Russian versions, and there are also a variety of rare variations (like the Russian M1907 and Finnish M27Rv cavalry carbines, probably the two rarest of all) that most people will never see outside of pictures or a museum. One particularly unusual, ultra-rare and totally unofficial variant was the "Obrez" pistol, a Mosin-Nagant with the stock and most of the barrel sawed off to form a highly concealable but dubiously practical weapon, which are known to have been used to some extent during the Russian Revolution.note
- Most movies and videogames that feature the Soviet Union during World War 2 will feature the Mosin-Nagant. Often also a first choice weapon for Cold Sniper characters, sometimes to emphasize their distrust of modern technology.
- Famously unbalanced as a sniper weapon in the original Call of Duty due to being the only scoped rifle to reload with a stripper clip (in real life, or even with every other bolt-action sniper weapon in the game, the scope placement prevented this). Even the basic rifle had the best iron sight in the game.
- Has a big role in Enemy at the Gates. Naturally, since the movie is about Vasily Zaitsev.
- The sniper rifle used by The End in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater is a modified Nagant with a pistol grip and folding stock, modified to fire tranquilizer rounds.
- It appears again in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops, Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots, and Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, always in the same form as The End had it (though in Peace Walker you have to research and upgrade it to that point; it can also be upgraded even further than the old version to take a suppressor) and always firing tranquilizer rounds.
- One of the first rifles available in 7.62 High Calibre. It's very powerful and accurate, even compared to later rifles, but features a very long refire time (1.8 seconds in a game where less than 1 second is the standard) and an equally long reload time, to reflect the bolt-action nature of the gun. Also available in the Mosin-Nagant 1944 Carbine, with permanently attached bayonet, and the unbelievably common Sawed-Off Mosin-Nagant 1944, which is Exactly What It Says on the Tin (and also less powerful and less accurate, while being just as slow-firing and slow-reloading).
- Extremely common weapon for the Soviet forces in the Red Orchestra games. Standard riflemen also have the option of the shorter M38 or M44 carbines, while snipers can use a scoped version.
- Appears in PAYDAY 2 with the Gage Historical Pack DLC, as simply the "Nagant". The model appears as the slightly shorter M1907 carbine by default, with the alternate barrel lengths turning it into the even shorter M38 carbine or the full-length M91/30. It's also the first sniper rifle added to the game that can be fitted with iron sights in place of a scope, and the first weapon that can accept a bayonet to increase melee damage when using regular Pistol-Whipping.
- In Men of War, the M91/30 model is the most commonly used rifle for Soviet infantry, while a sniper version of the gun comes attached with a PU scope.
- Appears in the DayZ Standalone. Since it is the only weapon currently in the game that can mount a long-range optic, it is the closest thing the game has to a true sniper rifle. This, and its relative commonality make it a popular choice for Pv P.
- Commonly seen in the hands of Soviet Conscripts in Company of Heroes 2, with Sniper Teams using the scoped version of the rifle.
- While serving in the Spanish civil war, George Orwell came across a shipment of fresh Mosin-Nagant rifles and describes them as superior to the Spanish Mauser M1893, which he labels an "old blunderbuss".
A series of bolt action military rifles (the two most triumphant examples being the Gewehr 98 and the Karabiner 98k pictured above, the main infantry weapons of Germany during both World Wars) first issued in 1871 and still in limited use today,note the Mauser rifles have at one time or another been the standard infantry weapons of Germany, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Chile, Peru, Brazil, Argentina, Iran, Israel and many more. Mauser copies were also the standard infantry weapon of Nationalist China and even the United States (as the M1903 Springfield; the US actually paid royalties to Mauser until the Treaty of Versailles) and Britain. Their brief flirtation with replacing the Lee-Enfield came in the form of the Mauser-derived Pattern 1914 during World War I. The US also used this rifle, adapted to .30-06 as the M1917, alongside the M1903 during WW1,note The Japanese Arisaka also drew heavily from the Mauser (though the bolt was internally rather different, the magazine and stripper clip system were a direct copy). Czechoslovakia and Belgium also made numerous Mauser 98 clones for export between the World Wars, when Germany was prohibited from making military weapons, and to a limited extent resumed this practice after World War II. The Mauser design, although not as fast to operate as the Lee Enfield due to its cock-on-opening action, featured a third locking lug and was one of the strongest bolt-action designs of the time (allowing it to be chambered in huge big game hunting magnum rounds from the .300 Winchester Magnum to .577 African game calibers, which the Enfield and Mosin-Nagant would never be able to handle), and counts almost every current-production bolt-action rifle as a descendant. It wasn't until the Weatherby Mark V Magnums, with an insane nine locking lugs, entered the market in the late 1950s that the Mauser 98 was surpassed as the strongest bolt action design, and even then the abundance and lower price kept the Mauser on top sales-wise. Very common on the military surplus market, and sporterized versions are a common European hunting weapon. And not uncommon as an American hunting weapon either, on account of large numbers having been brought back as war trophies; however, since there are multiple incompatible 7.92x57mm specifications, 8mm Mauser in the US is loaded to the lowest one as a precaution, putting it on par with a .30-30 versus the .30-06 power class of European loadings. The Mauser action is also commonly used in factory-built civilian hunting rifles. The Gewehr 1898 is the correct model for WWI. It's identifiable by its high-profile rear sight, straight bolt handle, and the fact that it's ridiculously long. The Karabiner 98 also existed as a weapon for cavalry, artillery, and engineers, though it was a "carbine" only in the sense that it was (slightly) shorter than the G98. After WWI, the further-shortened Karabiner 98 Kurz, or "Carbine 98 Short," became the definitive version in German service. Like its predecessor, the Kar98K was a carbine in name only, and was comparable in length to an M1 Garand or SMLE. It also introduced a down-turned bolt handle, but since they were frequently re-arsenaled with old spare parts, many will still have the WWI-style straight handle. The Chinese also bought or locally produced various Mauser rifles, but the most famous is the Type 24 rifle, the main service rifle of the ROC army during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War 2, as well as seeing limited use during the Chinese Civil War. The Type 24 was a copy of the Kar98K's predecessor, the Mauser M1924 and was superior to the Japanese Type 38 Arisaka in stopping power, rate of fire, range and was shorter in length. Interestingly, Nationalist Chinese soldiers carried rifles featuring Chiang Kai Shek's face carved into the stock. Type 24 rifles used by Chinese Communist troops were redesignated the Type 79 and often had the ideograph of Chiang Kai Shek's profile defaced.
- Cool scope: The standard German scope reticle (seen on the top right of the picture) is most often associated with sniper versions of the Kar 98, and after the Dragunov's PSO-1 is probably the most recognizable rifle scope reticule in media.note It consists of a horizontal bar with a break in the middle and a vertical one which goes from the bottom of the scope to the middle, with a triangular top. You'll often see a Cold Sniper staring down one of these in a World War 2 movie or a Mafia hit.
- The Gewehr 98 and Karabiner 98k are iconic mook weapons for movies set during World War I or II. Somewhat less commonly, Gewehr 98's are seen as an IRA weapon in movies depicting the Irish Civil War (Truth in Television).
- The World War II iterations of the Medal of Honor and Call of Duty video game series feature the 98k quite heavily.
- Shirai, the female Chinese guerilla in My Way, uses a Type 24.
- In Public Enemies, Christian Bale carries a Model 98 Sporter in 9.3x57mm Mauser.
- Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade features the Spanish Mauser, as well as the Czech vz. 24 model. The latter was commonly used by the real-life Nazis after they conquered Czechoslovakia; since it was the same length as the K98k and most of the parts interchanged, for once their affinity for captured weapons didn't introduce another logistical nightmare.
- The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor features the Chinese Type 24 (aka "Chiang Kai-Shek Rifle") in the hands of rogue Nationalist troops.
- Remember how some Mausers are made for .577 Nitro? Quinn's rifle in Reign of Fire is an Ulriks Mauser T-Rex. if Quinn could shoot straight, they'd probably have less of a dragon problem.
- The Blue Sun mod for 7.62 High Caliber adds the K98k among its many, many new additions. It tends to appear from the beginning of the game in the hands of low-level thugs and bandits, with a very high level of power offset by a slow rate of fire, low capacity, and sheer size and weight.
- In Men of War, the Karabiner 98k model of the is the most commonly issued rifle for German infantry, while the Karabiner 98k Sniper Rifle is used by German sharpshooters.
- The Legacy of the Glorious features a Spanish company making licensed copies of the Mauser 71, and then go on with self-designed improvements.
- German Volksgrenadier and Grenadier Squads use the Karabiner 98k in Company of Heroes.
- The Gewehr 98 appears in Battlefield 1 as a sniper rifle and a scopeless bolt-action rifle for the Scout class.
Mannlicher-Schönauer Full Stock Carbine
Although based on a military rifle designed for export and adopted by the Greek Army by 1906 (why the chronically underfunded Greek Army adopted a rifle that every other army regarded as too expensivenote is unclear), this superb hunting bolt-action rifle-carbine had been built directly for the civilian market beginning in 1903. It had a complex action with rotary magazine and split receiver and fired proprietary Mannlicher ammo, either 6.5x54mm (M1903), 8x56mm (M1908), 9x56mm (M1905) or 9x57mm (M1910), though non-proprietary chamberings like 7x57mm Mauser and .30-06 were eventually offered (the M1924 and M1956 came in nearly all common rifle chamberings of the era). It acquired a brilliant reputation as a hunting rifle either in the Alps, British Isles or Africa, fired by such figures as Ernest Hemingway and WDM "Karamojo" Bell and proving it could take even the largest African Elephant with a well-placed shot. The action was the smoothest bolt-action in recorded history and the features that made the gun instantly recognizable also betrayed it as an "aristocratic" weapon: short length, full stock, very straight bolt operation, flat bolt handle and precise triggers (sometimes including a double trigger, with the front trigger being a "set trigger" than would set the main trigger to go off with only the slightest pull) told the gun has been aimed to be carried in a saddle sheath and used in hunting on horseback, like upper class hunters did. The full-length stock was so intrinsically linked to the Mannlicher-Schönauer carbine that even now, decades after it went out of production, such a stock is still referred to as "Mannlicher style" (even though Mannlicher himself had nothing to do with the stock design, it was more his protege Schönauer's doing). It stood in production until 1972. Steyr-Mannlicher now offers a vaguely similar rifle, the "Mannlicher Classic," which mimics the style of the Mannlicher-Schönauer but replaces the rotary magazine with a less expensive but distinctly less cool detachable box magazine and simplifies the bolt design. The proprietary Mannlicher ammo was also abandoned, even the classic 6.5x54, much to the disappointment of more nostalgic shooters (who would seem to be the target audience of the rifle, leaving one to wonder what exactly Steyr is thinking).
- In the TV show Ramar of the Jungle, Dr. Tom Reynolds carries a Mannlicher-Schönauer.
- Amon Goeth uses a full-length barrel version◊ to take potshots at his Jewish workers in Schindler's List (the Real Life Goeth◊ had the ubiquitous Mauser 98k of the German Army).
- British brigadier Lord Lovat uses one to lead his men onto Sword Beach in The Longest Day.
- Interestingly enough, in real life, Lovat and all his men were issued American M1 Garands for that mission, to ensure that they had enough firepower to "hold until relieved".
Kincaide: Try and stop me, you jumped-up little shit. Now remember what I taught you — don't pull it to the left.
James Bond: I'll do my best.
James Bond: I'll do my best.
The weapon of choice for the Great White Hunter should be, of course, the double rifle - not a specific model of a double rifle since there is no model whatsoever, the rifles of the golden age of African Hunting were mostly tailored to their user like Savile Row suits. As wealthy Great White Hunters were much fewer than Hollywood would like us to think, the number of true large caliber double rifles is small, in the high hundreds for the entire colonial period and an area which spanned 3/4 of Africa. Some non-custom double rifles in smaller calibers also exist, but even they are rare because the demand was just never very high. The closest thing to a "common" double rifle are combination guns, which have one rifle barrel and one (or more) shotgun barrel: from the crude .22 rifle plus .410 bore shotgun barrels for taking small game as a survival weapon, as in the US Air Force M6 Aircrew Survival Weapon, to the Russian over-under designs which are as good at firing as they are ugly.
- Trivia: Even though double rifles were rare, since they were custom-built, they came in a bewildering variety of cartridge chamberings. The most popular were the Jeffery rounds (.333, .400, .475, and .500), the Rigbys (.350 and .416), and the "true" Express rounds used in the Holland & Holland rifles (.470, .577, and .600). As for the "Nitro Express" name, that indicated a cartridge loaded with smokeless ("nitro") powder; the earlier "Express" rounds were loaded with black powder. The Nitro cases were deliberately made about half-an-inch longer than the black powder Express cases, to prevent anyone loading a Nitro Express round into a black powder Express rifle by accident; it was an almost 100% guarantee of a burst barrel and/or breech.
- As stated above, a great many films featuring a Great White Hunter will have him using a high-caliber double rifle to take down his quarry. Examples include The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, The Ghost and the Darkness and White Hunter, Black Heart
- In the climax of Skyfall, Bond carries his father's double rifle, an Anderson Wheeler in .500 Nitro Express.
- Roland Tembo brings with him a .600 Nitro Express double rifle to bag the biggest game of all, a T. rex in The Lost World He almost gets his chance when a T. rex begins attacking the hunter's camp, until he discovers Nick Van Owen sabotaged his rifle. The rifle in question was a B. Searcy & Co. custom rifle made specifically for the movie (and currently owned by Steven Spielberg).
- In Eternal Darkness, Dr. Rovias fights off the servants of the Eldritch Abomination of your choice with a .500 Nitro double rifle. If you steady it first, it throws him far off-balance. If you fire it too soon, it knocks him on his ass.
- A double rifle appears in Far Cry 4 as the ".700 Nitro", though the actual size of the rounds loaded into it appear to be the slightly smaller .600 Nitro Express. It has tremendous recoil, which can make aiming difficult, fires only two shots and takes a long time to reload, but it is guaranteed to kill almost anything in the game in one hit and has ridiculous penetration on top of that allowing one to even take out helicopters in one shot by shooting the pilot. It can be customized with low-magnification electronic optics to make aiming easier. DLC also adds a rather ornate Signature version called the "Elephant Gun", which doesn't get optics but does get a faster reload and even better damage.
- Shows up often in Sandokan. The author, following the Italian use of his time, normally calls them 'carbines', but the description makes it clear they're double rifles.
"Ah-ha. The legendary Sharps."
— Elliot Marston, Quigley Down Under
The Sharps series of rifles was one of the most prolific rifle types of the 1800's, and arguably the most popular rifle in use in the Wild West before the invention of lever-action rifles like the Henry repeater. The Sharps rifle is a breach-loading falling-block rifle firing a single cartridge, at first paper cartridges but later versions used brass cartridges. First developed in the late 1840's, the Sharps rifle saw a long career in a number of roles. The military rifle was the weapon of choice for U.S Sharpshooters in the American Civil War and the carbine version was extremely popular on both sides of the conflict.note Meanwhile, the civilian versions gained a reputation as being powerful and accurate hunting rifles, with some going so far as to say that the Sharps rifle was the cause of the near-extinction of the North American bison (hence the nickname "the buffalo gun"). The Sharps rifle is thus an iconic firearm of the Old West, though these days somewhat overshadowed by the later Winchester Lever-Action rifle and Colt Single Action Army revolver.
- Cool Accessory: During the Civil War, the Sharps Rifle Company developed a version with a coffee grinder in the stock for grinding coffee in the field. However, these were not produced for very long and are now days extremely rare and valuable.
- The Sharps 1863 Carbine shows up several times in Dances with Wolves.
- A Sharps 1874 is used by The Man With No Name to shoot the rope Tuco is hanging from in the graveyard in The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. It travels back in time about a decade or so to get in his hands.
- One of the most popularly depicted of the Sharps rifles is the 1874 Long Range. It appears in several movies including Quigley Down Under, Legends of the Fall, Up and Wyatt Earp. It also appeared in the television series Lonesome Dove and two video games, GUN and Red Dead Redemption. The "Quigley" rifle was provided by Ace Custom manufacturer Shiloh Sharps, who offers modern-day hand built variants for about $3000.
- In Sons Of Guns, Will starts getting a bit giddy when someone brings in a Sharps Carbine with a coffee grinder stock. It turns out to be a far-less valuable reproduction.
- The Sharps 1874 Cavalry rifle shows up in both the original True Grit and the remake as the Weapon of Choice for Le Beouf. He displays an uncanny accuracy with it throughout both films.
- Appears in Call of Juarez: Bound in Blood as the "Heavy Rifle."
The Springfield M1903 rifle is a five shot, bolt action rifle that was used by all branches of the United States military. The rifle was developed in the aftermath of the Spanish-American War. There, U.S Army and Marines armed with a number of lever-action rifles and the Krag-Jørgensen rifle were often outmatched in firepower by Spanish and Cuban soldiers armed with Spanish-made versions of Gewehr 93 Mausers. Specifically, two shortcomings in the Krag's design were that it lacked the ability to be quickly reloaded with a stripper clip and it could not load high-velocity ammunition without being damaged. Though modified versions of the Krag were tested in small numbers that got rid of the first shortcoming, and there was some room to strengthen the Krag actionnote , the U.S military knew they had to adopt a new rifle. Seeing an obviously superior weapon system in the Mauser, Springfield Armory did its best to recreate it by copying the Mauser almost wholesale apart from the furniture, exposed cocking piece, and down-turned bolt handle (a feature Mauser wouldn't adopt until the late 1920s). The result was the Springfield M1903, chambered for the short-lived .30-03 and soon the .30-06 round that quickly replaced it, the latter would be the mainstay rifle round of the U.S Military until the formation of NATO. So similar to the Mauser 93 and 98 was the Springfield that Mauser Werke sued the U.S Government, who were forced to pay royalties to Mauser. In a fit of irony, the first notable engagement the rifle was used in was during World War I, used by United States Marines against German soldiers carrying Mausers. It proved to be reliable, accurate and much quicker to reload, much to the dismay of the Germans who were on the other end of it.note When WW2 broke out, the United States supplied Springfields to foreign powers as part of the Lend-Lease program, most notably Nationalist China. The rifle was just being supplemented and eventually replaced with the M1 Garand when the Japanese struck at Pearl Harbor. During the first years of the Pacific Campaign and the U.S' entry into Northern Africa as part of Operation Torch, the Springfield was still the primary service rifle of the Marines and the Army until finally being (mostly) replaced by the Garand mid-way through the war. In 1942, production shifted to the M1903A3, which used cheaper stamped steel parts and a simplified but more practical rear sight.note Production continued for the duration of the war for rear-line units (and initially for the Marines, until they too had enough Garands to go around), as the production lines for Springfields were incapable of manufacturing Garands or M1 Carbines without significant retooling that nobody had time for. The Springfield was not removed entirely from service, though. The most celebrated use for the Springfield was that of a sniper's rifle. Already an accurate and powerful rifle, many Springfields were modified to be more accurate and fitted with scopes as the M1903A4 (in the Army; the Marines used a different modification of existing M1903A1 rifles from their National Match target shooting team, adding a distinctive Unertl 8x power scope that was nearly 20 inches longnote and without a new model number, for their snipers). The Springfield sniper rifle saw service after its infantry rifle version was retired, seeing service in both World Wars, The Korean War and The Vietnam War (alongside the Winchester Model 70 in Marine Corps usage) until finally being replaced by more modern bolt-action rifles based on the Remington 700 and the M21 semi-automatic rifle. Original snipers can be distinguished from modern reproductions by the fact that the manufacturer and model number markets are offset slightly to the left and the serial number slightly to the right so that they remain fully visible with the scope mount in place, while when an M1903A3 is converted into a repro sniper they'll be partially covered by it.note Today, the Springfield is a popular collector's item and surplus examples were and sometimes still are used as hunting rifles.
- Cool Accessory: The Pedersen device was an experimental attachment developed during [WWI] that would allow the Springfield to fire a pistol cartridge in semi-automatic mode. Production started in 1918, but the war ended before any were sent to Europe. Most were destroyed, with the only survivors being sought after collector's items.
- The Springfield rifle and the sniper variant has been seen in just about every WW2 film, television show and video game made featuring the American Military. Examples include: Call of Duty,note The Pacific, Battlefield 1942, Battle of the Bulge, The Big Red One and Saving Private Ryan.
- The Springfield is used frequently by the sailors of the U.S.S San Pablo in The Sand Pebbles.
- Used in Far Cry 2 as the first sniper rifle the player encounters, and the first used by enemy snipers. For no readily apparent reason, all available M1903's are left-handed, fired by right-handed shooters, which is exactly as awkward as it sounds. They're also loaded by inserting the stripper clips into a hole underneath the receiver as if they're a regular magazine.
- Used by the U.S Army after Kong in King Kong (2005) starts tearing through New York City.
- The residents of the Hoovervile The Doctor visits as well as their leader Solomon try to fight off the Daleks with these rifles in the Doctor Who episode "Daleks In Manhattan". Not that it does them a bit of good.
- Used by soldiers of the US and Mexican armies along with the main character Coffer in The Wild Bunch. Among the Mexican soldiers it was presumably a stand-in for Mexican Mausers, as in 1913 the United States wasn't exporting the M1903 to anybody.
- Leon's first sniper rifle is a Springfield M1903 converted to .223 in Resident Evil 4.
- Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth lets the player use this as a weapon, as well as Marsh's followers, U.S Marines and Coast Guardsmen. It's powerful enough to drop even a Deep One in one well-aimed shot.
- A sporterized version is seen in the film A Boy and His Dog, used by Vic. It features a modified stock, peep sight and cut down barrel. Interestingly, this exact same rifle can be seen used by a man aiming from a rooftop in The Book of Eli as a sort of homage.
- The Birdseye sniper rifle in BioShock Infinite is an M1903 with an assumed name, along with a few hybrid features from the Kar-98 and Lee-Enfield (the section of exposed barrel and the detachable box magazine, respectively).
- Added in the Blue Sun mod for 7.62 High Caliber. It's like all other bolt-action rifles from the era: powerful and long range, but slow to fire and reload. Not to mention that the ammo is less common and more expensive.
- Carried by Gary Cooper as Alvin York in Sergeant York, though incorrectly as the real York was issued an M1917 Enfield rifle. Cooper also has a Luger instead of a M1911 due to the difficulty in using blanks in a .45 ACP, handwaved by having a scene of York liberating it from a dead German.note
- In Men of War, the M1903 Springfield is commonly issued to US Army medics and (quite accurately,) US Marines in early Pacific skirmish maps, while the M1903A4 Scoped models are issued to US snipers.
- US Snipers in Company of Heroes are also armed with the M1903 Springfield.
- Appears in BloodRayne as the "Springbrook Rifle."
- In The Lost Battalion almost every solider on the American side is seen carrying the M1903.
- The M1903 appears in Battlefield 1 as a rifle for the Scout class. In addition to two variants with scopes, there is also a variant with a Pedersen device.
P' 14 Enfield/ M1917 US Enfield
After the rather harrowing experience of their soldiers in the Boer War, the British Army took a hard look at their issued small arms and came to the (incorrect—see the Lee-Enfield entry above) conclusion that their No.1 Mk III SMLE rifles were inferior to the German-made Mausers used by the Boers, therefore the Empire's men should be equipped with Mausers. Of course, being British, they weren't about to just buy them off the Germans like everybody else. And there was also the matter of those pesky patent laws, as the Americans found out the hard way when Mauser Werke sued the US Government over the M1903 rifle. So the only solution was to build a better Mauser, without using anything Paul Mauser would recognize as his own. By 1914 they had come up with something that was basically a Mauser/SMLE hybrid: a Mauser-style bolt and 5-round charger-loaded internal-box magazine with an Enfield-style safety (on the opposite side of the receiver compared to the SMLE) and a cock-on-closing mechanism with a new and greatly-improved sight. This rifle was officially adopted as the Pattern-1914. There was just one small complication: the UK was now embroiled in a major conflict with the Germans, Austrians, and Turks, and the Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield was too busy turning out desperately-needed SMLEs to retool their production line. Thus, the P'14 was outsourced to the United States, with Winchester, Remington, and Remington's subsidiary Eddystone contracted for production. The new rifle was rugged and accurate, if a bit on the hefty side, and was well-liked. It saw some frontline use in the Great War, but was relegated to the Home Guard afterwards, as the SMLE was available in much greater numbers and had proven itself to be a fine rifle. When America entered the war in 1917, the Army realized that it couldn't get its hands on enough M1903s to equip the Doughboys shipping out to France with existing production capability. Remington, Winchester, and Eddystone had just completed their P'14 contracts, but would need months to retool their factories for the '03. A quick test proved that the P'14, designed for the rimmed .303 British cartridge, could be rechambered for rimless US .30/06 with minimal modification. With that, and a rear sight calibrated to .30/06, the US Rifle, Caliber .30, M1917 was born. The "US Enfield" had a few teething problems (Winchester let their quality control lapse a bit early on), but these were quickly corrected and the M1917 became the most common American weapon on the Western Front. It was prized for its exceptional accuracy, and the cock-on-closing mechanism cycled more smoothly than even the Springfield's excellent bolt, but it was longer and heavier than the Springfield. Like its British cousin, the M1917 was mostly relegated to rear-line use after the war, as it had only been adopted in the first place as a stopgap weapon. Some were issued to the Philippine Army and saw action against the Japanese. A large number of them were sent to England under Lend-Lease to equip the British Home Guard in WWII. These had a red stripe painted on the stock to differentiate them from .303 P'14s. The M1917 was also the most common Lend-Lease rifle provided to Nationalist China, especially for use by the American equipped and trained units in Burma. As the M1917 itself was quite long and heavy, the M1917 was shortened for the Chinese soldiers, who tended to be of smaller stature than their American allies. The shortened rifle was also more suitable for close-quarters fighting in the jungle. The entire inventory of M1917 rifles (minus those still held by the Philippine Army) was declared surplus in 1946. Many were chopped down and sporterized, becoming quite popular as cheap deer rifles in the 50s and 60s. Today it's actually surprisingly difficult to find a US Enfield in "GI" condition, with unmodified rifles fetching $1000 or more as collectibles.
- If you see a movie about US troops in WWI (not nearly as common as movies about the British or French in WWI), there's about a 50/50 chance they will carry M1917s instead of M1903s.
- The titular hero of the Crocodile Dundee movies favors a sporterized P-1914.
- In The Untouchables, the Canadian Mounties who assist Ness's team in the border ambush are armed with P'14 rifles.
- Army personnel on the streets of Manhattan in the third act of King Kong (2005) carry a mix of M1917s and M1903s, plus at least one BAR.
- An M1917 is used by Chalky White in Boardwalk Empire.
- A posse/militiaman has an M1917 in Night of the Living Dead.
Lebel Mle. 1886
The best infantry rifle in the world when the French Army adopted it in 1886, it was kept in frontline service for five decades, long past obsolescence. The Lebel was a bolt-action repeater with an 8-round tubular magazine, plus another round on the lifter and one in the pipe, for a total of ten rounds of 8mm Lebel, unheard of for a military rifle in its day. It also had an magazine interrupter which, when engaged, prevented ammo from feeding from the magazine and required the shooter to hand-load a loose round into the chamber, as French doctrine called for the magazine to be an emergency reserve. The French adopted a redesigned "spitzer"-type (sharp-nosed) full metal jacket bullet for the 8mm Lebel cartridge just a few years after the rifle was adopted. Rather than junk their brand-new weapon, which was designed for round-nose bullets, they instead made new cartridge cases with a circular groove in the base around the primer. When loaded into the Lebel's magazine, each bullet's nose rested safely in the groove of the round in front of it and away from the primer, preventing any nasty accidents. This was a brilliant move at the time that eliminated the need for any modifications to the rifle (which would have cost a lot more than the slightly-modified brass). Though it was a game-changer in 1886, the Lebel was long in the tooth in 1914. The Poilu's standard infantry rifle was tough and fairly accurate, but it was also heavy, and its 8mm round was ballistically-inferior to newer cartridges like 7.92 Mauser, .303 British, .30/06, and 7.62x54R. While it had almost twice the capacity of a Mauser, Carcano, or Mosin-Nagant, its magazine had to be loaded one round at a time, while everybody else's rifles used stripper clips. The British SMLE matched the Lebel's magazine capacity,note with both a detachable magazine and stripper clip loading. French soldiers found that they had one of the worst rifles on the Western Front, with the exception of the Canadian Ross rifle or the British Farquar-Hill, which jammed with the slightest hint of dirt or broke every other time you pulled the trigger respectively.The French quickly recognized the problem, but found it decidedly inconvenient to switch to a new design in the middle of a shooting war with an invading German army within shouting distance of Paris. Newer and more advanced Berthier rifles (which used stripper clips) were issued on a limited basis to augment the Lebels, but never came close to replacing them. Despite their rifle's shortcomings, French soldiers actually preferred the 8 rounds it had over the Berthier's 5-round capacity and still put the Lebel to good use, creating lots of holes in lots of German soldiers over the next four years. They continued to be found in the hands of Poilus and Legionairres well into the 1930s, when the 50+ year-old Lebel was finally withdrawn in favor of the MAS-36.
- Any movie showing the French in WWI will prominently feature this rifle.
- Rick O'Connell's Foreign Legion unit uses Lebel rifles in The Mummy (1999). After his magazine runs dry, O'Connell is seen single-loading his Lebel, not bothering with the magazine. When the Tuaregs get too close, he abandons it and switches to pistols.
- Jean-Claude Van Damme and other Foreign Legion soldiers carry them in Legionairre.
- The French troops were armed with the Lebel rifle in Verdun, it can be fitted with a bayonet.
The rifle that literally didn't win anything — even the MAS-36 could have been said to do so thanks to Free French forces remaining involved with the winning side of WWII; the MAS-49 was France's second foray into rifles that ultimately lost every war they found themselves in. Alternatively, it's the NATO battle rifle that's not chambered in 7.62mm NATO.note Instead, France stuck with the 7.5x54mm round (despite the "7.5" designation, it's actually exactly the same diameter as the 7.62mm NATO) that they'd been using since 1930.note The MAS-49 was the culmination of a nearly 50-year quest by the French Army to issue every soldier a semi-automatic weapon. With development slowed to a crawl by lack of funds and interrupted by the World Wars, it wasn't until the 1950s that the goal was achieved. By that point, having a standard-issue semi-auto was no longer revolutionary at all. The MAS-49 only saw limited production before being replaced by the shorter, rifle grenade capable MAS-49/56. It utilized a tilting bolt system similar to the FAL, and a direct impingement gas system like the later M16. The MAS was beloved by French soldiers for its ability to go for weeks at a time with only the most rudimentary cleaning,note even in the harshest desert and jungle conditions. It also uses the unique system of having the magazine catch on the magazine instead of on the rifle. No one else has ever used this odd system on a standard-issue weapon,note but it works well enough.
- A French sailor in GoldenEye is armed with a MAS-49/56.
- In The Day of the Jackal, French soldiers have MAS-49/56 rifles, while gendarmes carry the older MAS-49.
- The Battle of Algiers has lots of French soldiers carrying the MAS-49. Despite being set in 1966, there are no MAS-49/56s to be seen.
- The Vietnamese first-person shooter 7554 (the name comes from the date 7 May 1954, when North Vietnam defeated the French in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu) includes the MAS-49 and, anachronistically, the MAS-49/56.
The Arisaka bolt-action Rifle was a staple weapon of the Japanese Empire, from its creation in 1897 until the end of the Second World War in 1945. It also saw use with Chinese communists and nationalists (who used anything and everything they could get their hands on), Viet Minh guerillas in Vietnam (same reason as the Chinese), Koreansnote (though they were rapidly replaced by Mosin-Nagants in the North and M1 Garands in the South), and the British (who found it cheaper at the turn of the century to arm their forces in the Far East with weapons purchased from the then-allied Japanese than ship Enfields from the opposite side of the globe). The rifle was designed by and named after its creator, Colonel Arisaka Nariakira, with the Type 30 being the first model in the series. Later, famed Japanese gunsmith Kijiro Nambu worked with Colonel Arisaka to create the Type 38 Rifle. In total there were over six million rifles made, with the Type 38 long rifle and Type 99 short rifle being the most common. Almost all rifles can be fitted with a bayonet (others have the bayonet mounted on that can be retracted) which was a symbol of the Samurai, and used in the notorious (and suicidal) Banzai charges as well as bayonet practice on whoever got in their way. Also some Arisakas have a peculiar monopod (such as the one pictured) that can be used to make aiming steadier. Unfortunately for the Japanese soldiers, they lacked automatic weapons to help compliment their rifles, while whatever automatics they had were in limited supply, leaving them severely outgunned against the Americans, who had plenty of automatic weapons. All rifles have a chrysanthemum flower sketched on the rifle to symbolize the Japanese Royal Family; many captured rifles at the end of the war had the flower scratched out by either the Americans (to symbolise the Emperor stepping down from power) or the Japanese (so that the Emperor's property does not fall into enemy hands); as a result, rifles with intact flowers command a significantly higher price on the collector market. The rifle is incredibly sturdy; sturdier than the Mosin-Nagant, Lee-Enfield and Mauser rifles. It also utilized a cock-on-closing striker like the Lee-Enfield which improved rate of fire. However, the rifle is not without flaws; the dust cover, in particular, often rattled (not a good thing if you are a sniper, as it could potentially reveal your position). Also, the rifle's straight bolt handle can be awkward to use for those more used to down-turned bolt handles (although some Arisaka rifles do have down-turned bolt handles).
- Almost ten times out of ten, you would find a Japanese soldier with this rifle. With a major exception being The Bridge on the River Kwai.
- The Scorpio Killer from Dirty Harry used a sporterized rifle to assassinate a victim in the beginning of the movie. The rifle was a very rare Type 2 Paratrooper Rifle. By having it sporterized, it had ruined its collector's value when interest for the Arisaka rifles skyrocketed in the 1990's.
- You can find the Arisaka in Medal of Honor: Pacific Assault. Comes in Type 38, Type 99 Sniper, and Type 44 Carbine flavours. Japanese troops are also seen using the rifle in Rising Sun, but not usable to the player.
- The Japanese troops in Red Orchestra 2: Rising Storm are obviously armed with these rifles.
- A Type 99 Sniper Rifle can be acquired via DLC in Sniper Elite V2. It has the slowest rate of fire, but is the most powerful. Although, why would there be a Japanese rifle in Europe?. It returns in Sniper Elite III as a DLC item, which is set in Africa, so it's even less properly placed than Europe. Karl must have some really good connections to the OSS if he is able to acquire such a rifle.
- Men of War features the common Type 99 Arisaka issued to IJA riflemen and banzai chargers, while the rarer Type 2 is only issued to paratroopers, SNLF elite troops and specialized last-ditch infantry.
- IJA soldiers and banzai chargers have this rifle in Call of Duty: World at War. It's also available in multiplayer, the second bolt-action rifle and unlocked at the same time as Create-a-Class. It's tied with the Mosin-Nagant for having the slowest bolt-cycling time in the game, and it has to unlock the sniper scope instead of starting with it like the Springfield, but once it does get the scope, it has the least amount of scope sway of the bolt-action rifles.
- Appears in Commandos 2: Men Of Courage when the Commandos take missions against the Japanese in the Pacific. Most Mooks are armed with Type 38s as their standard weapon, which can be acquired by the team for their own use. The Type 97 appears in the hands of snipers, which Duke and Natasha can make use of. For the purposes of gameplay, they have the same characteristics as the Lee-Enfield, Springfield M1903, Kar98K and Gewehr 43, so any differences are purely cosmetic.
The SVT-40 (Samozaryadnaya Vintovka Tokareva-40, meaning Tokarev self-loading rifle, model of the year 1940) is a semi-automatic gas-operated rifle developed in Russia. Developed after Fedor Tokarev gave up developing a recoil-operated self-loading rifle, the SVT entered an Army trial in 1935, but lost to Simonov's AVS-36. In service however, the AVS-36 had a myriad of problems, the least of which was an overly complicated action and near-uncontrollable automatic fire. This led to Simonov and Tokarev resubmitting their improved designs, this time Tokarev's rifle winning (this rifle was designated the SVT-38). However, when the USSR went to war with Finland, the SVT-38 had its own problems too, like its complexity (keep in mind, Soviet troops were often poorly educated conscripts) and the magazine's annoying tendency to fall out of the rifle. Tokarev responed by redesigning it into the SVT-40, solving the issue with a modified magazine release, as well as being lighter. Unfortunately, the rifle didn't become as well-liked as the Mosin-Nagant in the Red Army. In contrast to the Mosin's rudimentary nature and rugged construction, the SVT-40 was too "elite" - it was more difficult to manufacture and maintain and cannot hold well when firing corrosive-primed ammunition without frequent cleaning. Although the SVT-40 performed spectacularly when issued to better-trained and more careful troops, such as the Soviet naval infantry, the rife was falling increasingly out of favor with the majority of army troops. This all led to its diminishing production, until it finally bit the dust in 1945. To add insult to injury, many rifles were lost during the disastrous initial months of the war with Germany, forcing the restart of Mosin-Nagant production. The Germans, meanwhile, liked it enough for it to see widespread use against their former Soviet owners - they even issued an operating manual for it. The SVT-40's true claim to fame comes from its operating principle, utilizing a short-stroke gas piston; it inspired many weapons with the same principle both during and after the war. The Germans studied its gas system and ended up copying it for the Gewehr 43, an improved version of their own attempt at a semi-automatic rifle. Simonov's SKS carbine, mentioned earlier, also took influence from it. Later, the FN-49 and the FN FAL used the same operating principle. In short, the gun was excellent as a rifle from the technical perspective and did perform well when given the maximum care, it was just far too complex for the Soviets' liking - the time and resources spent to make a single SVT could have built several far-simpler weapons, which contributed to the immense demand of rifles on the Soviet's front line. A full-auto version was also designed to supplement existing machine guns, named the AVT-40. It ultimately had many of the same issues the earlier AVS-36 had, with the recoil making it impossible to control in full-auto fire, and in fact could often break apart when fired in this manner. The only upside this version had was that the stock was slightly more stout than the original SVT-40 stock, so some surplus stocks were attached to refurbished SVTs. Rifles that were refurbished after the war can be identified primarily by the plum-colored finish on the bolt.
- Call of Duty first features the weapon in United Offensive, to help even out the different countries' armaments by giving them a semi-auto rifle; it also shows up in 2 and World at War, the latter making it the first semi-auto rifle available.
- Penal Battalions in Company of Heroes use the SVT in battle.
- One of the rifles added in the Blue Sun Mod for 7.62mm High Calibre. There's also a sniper version with a scope and bipod.
- Featured as the only semi-auto rifle available to the Red Army in Red Orchestra, available in standard form with a detachable bayonet or in sniper form with a PU 3.5x scope. It reappears in the second game, in both standard form (which can be fitted with a more powerful 6x scope) and the AVT-40.
- Available in Sniper Elite V2 with a pre-order or purchase of the "Kill Hitler" DLC. Being a semi-auto with a detachable magazine it has advantages in fire rate and time to reload, but it suffers from a less powerful scope and being less accurate than the other rifles. It returns in Sniper Elite III with the same characteristics.
- Interestingly, the 3D models for the Soviet army in Hearts of Iron IV use the SVT-40 as their standard battle rifle over the Mosin-Nagant 91/30. For some reason, when firing their rifles, the animation used is for bolt-action rifles, not semiautomatics, so you have a Soviet soldier or several ejecting cartridges by manually pulling the cocking handle instead of simply aiming and firing.
The Krag-Jørgensen rifle is a bolt-action rifle designed by Norwegian army captain Ole Herman Johannes Krag and gunsmith Erik Jørgensen. First introduced in 1886, it was adopted by three major countries as a primary service rifle: Norway, Denmark, and the United States. The US adopted the weapon at an important time in firearms development, when smokeless powder was supplanting black powder for use in firearms; indeed, the Krag was the first US service rifle to use smokeless powder by original design. The Krag's defining feature is its magazine design; unlike other weapons of the period, which featured integral magazines loaded with stripper clips or chargers, the Krag's magazine is integral with the receiver, and loaded with loose rounds from a gate on the gun's right side. This design allows the user to easily "top-off" the magazine, and unlike most bolt-action rifles, allows the weapon to be reloaded without opening the bolt. Unfortunately, the design also makes it much slower to reload compared to clip-loaded rifles, like the Mauser. The rifle first saw use with the US in the Spanish-American War. There, soldiers armed with the Krag found themselves outgunned by Spanish troops armed with Mausers, whose clip-loading rifles allowed them to reload much faster. In addition, the .30-40 round was also a bit underpowered compared to the Spanish 7x57mm round.note Modifications were made to adapt the Krag to be clip-fed and strengthen its action for higher velocity rounds, but in the end, seeing the advantage of the Mauser design, the US eventually adopted it as the M1903 Springfield, making the Krag the shortest served American service rifle (9 years). The Krag continued to see service well into the 20th century, with updated Norwegian models serving all the way through WWII. Many of the weapons were also sold to civilians, and were converted to sport or hunting rifles. Today, the weapon is prized by collectors for its smooth action, rarity, and service history. In film and television, especially in the early to mid-20th century, the Krag can often be seen impersonating Mausers or other bolt action rifles, on account of them being easy to obtain at the time.
- A sporterized version is used by Atticus Finch to put down a rabid dog in the film version of To Kill a Mockingbird.
- Appears in The Wind and the Lion as the primary rifle of the US Navy and Marine Corps.note
- The rifle appears in The Rough Riders as the primary rifle of the US Army.
- Used by many of the Venture's crew members in King Kong.
- Frequently appears in Hogan's Heroes, ironically as the main weapon used by German soldiers, standing in for the Karabiner 98k.
- It appears in Red Dead Redemption as the "Bolt Action Rifle".
- Many are seen in Gunga Din, standing in for the Martini-Henry that would have been used at the time.
First introduced in 1973, the Ruger Mini-14 is a semi-automatic rifle, so named because it resembled a miniaturized version of the M14. Designed to be simple, reliable, and affordable, the rifle was and still is popular among civilians and law enforcement. It achieved the height of its popularity in the civilian market in The '90s due to loopholes in the Assault Weapons Ban of 1994 (namely, it lacked many of the "military-style" features that were targeted by the law) making it one of the easiest semi-automatic rifles to acquire; the expiration of that law in 2004 saw the AR-15 and similar rifles compete with it for prominence. The weapon has many different variants, including the select-fire AC-556, and is chambered in many calibers, most prominently the .223/5.56x45mm and 7.62x39mm (the latter designated the Mini-30). It also comes with a variety of accessories, including folding and bullpup stocks.
- The Mini-14 is well-known as the primary rifle of The A-Team, though they seem to have trouble actually hitting anyone with them.
- One is used by Ken in A Fish Called Wanda.
- Twice in the Grand Theft Auto series.
- A short-barreled Mini-14F appears in Grand Theft Auto: Vice City, as a reference to The A-Team.
- Grand Theft Auto V features the Mini-30 with an aftermarket chassis making it resemble the M39 Enhanced Marksman Rifle, as, well, the "Marksman Rifle". Originally implemented in the "Last Team Standing" DLC, the gun can be unlocked in the next-gen version after the Paleto Score. In game, it's classified as a sniper rifle, though it lacks the ability to zoom in with the scope in return for a faster rate of fire, a larger magazine (8 by default, able to be doubled to 16) and, before an update gave them all that ability, the ability to move around while scoped in.
- A scoped and suppressed version appears as George Clooney's main weapon in The American.
- A scoped version appears as the "Hunting Rifle" in Left 4 Dead and its sequel.
- The Morita Mk I rifles in Starship Troopers are based on Mini-14s in Muzzelite MZ14 bullpup stocks. They also have an under-barrel Ithaca 37 shotgun attachment that packs more heat with one or two shots than a five-person squad unloading their mags on a bug. Private Watkins has a scoped variant, and a shorter carbine variant without the underbarrel shotgun also shows up a few times.
- The Mini-30 shows up in Max Payne 3, with a folding stock and the option of a scope and a Laser Sight. By default it has a 10-round magazine, but the golden variant gives it an AK-sized 20-round mag.
- Appears in the "Breakout" level of Kane and Lynch: Dead Men, with a five-round magazine offset by incredible accuracy and power. Sadly, it doesn't reappear for the spike in difficulty after that level.
- Guards at the bank in the Panama level of Splinter Cell: Chaos Theory use the AC-556.
- Both the Mini-14 and Mini-30 show up in Uncharted 4: A Thief's End, the former with an aftermarket chassis and an Aimpoint CompM2 red dot sight as the "Copperhead SR7", the latter with the regular stock given a camo paint scheme and an ACOG as the "Mettler M-30".
Henry Repeating Rifle
"That damned Yankee rifle you load on Sunday and shoot all week!"
—Various Confederate soldiers, on the Henry.
The precursor to the Winchester mentioned at the top of the page, the Henry Rifle was named after its designer, Benjamin Tyler Henry. It saw limited use in The American Civil War. Many later found their way West, notably in the hands of the Natives in their obliteration of Custer's U.S. Cavalry troops in 1876. Note that most Henry Rifles in older westerns are actually Winchester 1866 "Yellowboy" rifles, as legit Henrys were rather rare at the time. As reproductions surfaced, legit Henrys became more common.
- One is used by Django in Django Unchained.
- John Dunbar's main weapon in Dances with Wolves is a Henry rifle.
- Appears in Red Dead Redemption as the 'Henry Repeater'
- One rechambered for .44 Magnum appears in Fallout 3 as "Lincoln's Repeater", the single most accurate firearm in the game. A more common variant in 10mm appears in the "Point Lookout" DLC, in both regular form and a unique "Backwater Rifle" with boosted stats to make it a middle ground between the lever-action rifles and Lincoln's Repeater.
- Used by many characters in Cowboys and Aliens.
Muzzleloading Muskets and Rifles
These were the Ur-Example of rifles or, more generally, guns in general. A muzzleloader is Exactly What It Says on the Tin. To load one, one must put gunpowder and a lead ball down the barrel. There are three basic types of muzzleloaders. The first was the matchlock. In this, the shooter lit a slow-burning piece of rope attached to the hammer, which ignited the powder when the trigger was pulled. The second was the flintlock. This action had a small peice of flint (hence the name) hitting what's called a "frizzen", which produced a spark to set off the powder. Finally, there was the caplock. Developed in the 1820's, this mechanism used small copper cups called "percussion caps," which had a small charge which ignited the powder. Muzzleloaders were the only types of guns for centuries. Matchlocks stopped being used in the 16th century; flintlocks, 19th. However, muzzleloaders in general are still used by some hunters. And for those wondering, the musket in the image is a Brown Bess, the service rifle of the British Army from 1722 to 1838, and a key weapon of various colonial forces as the British established their empire.
- Uncool Drawback: Matchlocks and flintlocks are notoriously unreliable in bad weather, to the point where they wouldn't fire at all, or worse, cause "hangfires," where the powder is burning yet has not yet set off the main charge. This might lead to some accidents. The percussion mechanism solved this issue.
- Appears in Assassin's Creed from the third game onwards.
- Used in Age of Empires III.
- Used by the Vulvalini in Mad Max: Fury Road.
- The Tanegashima, a Japanese copy of a Portuguese matchlock arquebusnote features as a secret Joke Weapon in Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots and Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker. It's difficult to obtain, note weak, only holds a single round at a time, takes longer than anything else in the game to reload, and forces the player to stand up to do so. However, every shot that connects with an enemy in an outdoors area has a one in three chance of summoning a gigantic tornado, throwing everybody in the vicinity into the air * and scattering tons of items for you to collect.
- A Jezail Musket is one of the rifles the Sniper can have in Team Fortress 2 as the "Bazaar Bargain". It's been modified to be a bolt-action rifle with a magnifying scope and laser pointer.
- A musket loaded with saboted rounds is used by Roberta in Black Lagoon.
The big guns! Anti-tank rifles originated sometime during World War I, alongside the first tanks. The very first anti-tank rifle was the German Mauser Mod. 1918 Tankgewehr, which fired a massive 13.2x92mm cartridge and was used against British armour. It was the only rifle of its kind used in that war. How most anti-tank rifles functioned was that a high-power, high-velocity bullet would be fired towards enemy armour to pierce the iron sheets. Much of the damage would come from the shrapnel from the damaged armour inflicting grievous wounds to the enemy tank crew. Many of the large calibers used were comparable to the .50 BMG round, the same used in the M2 Browning. After the war, many European powers eventually started to design their own anti-tank rifles in time for World War II. Some versions were single-shot rifles, while others with at least five rounds in a box magazine or fed with a clip. Some well known rifles includes the British Boys Rifle, the German Panzerbüchse 39, the Soviet semi-auto PTRS-41 and single-shot PTRD-41 (the rifle pictured above), and the Finnish Lahti L-39. Most such rifles operated with bolt-action like the Boys, but a rare few, like the aforementioned PTRS and L-39 were semi-automatic. They proved to be effective against lightly armoured tanks and armour cars early in World War Two, however they lost their effectiveness midway in the war. Due to many tanks being designed with thicker armour, the bullets would not be able to pierce through unless the user landed a lucky shot through an opening. At that point, many soldiers in the war were most likely armed with better anti-tank weaponry, such as the Bazooka, PIAT, Panzerschrek or Panzerfaust. While declared useless in the European Theater, these rifles were still effective against Japanese tanks in the Pacific Theater due to their tanks having thinner armour than their German counterparts. During the Korean War, the US Marine Raiders experimented with the Boys rifle by attaching a scope to be used as a sniper rifle with max range of over 2000 yards. Their legacy have paved the way for modern Anti-Material Rifles and even some high-power sniper rifles where the larger calibers would maintain their accuracy in longer distances.
- The Disney wartime film Stop That Tank that was commissioned by The Department of National Defence and the National Film Board of Canada heavily features the Boys Anti-Tank Rifle. The film is essentially a training video explaining the operation of the rifle.
- The Tiger Ace campaign in Company of Heroes has British Sappers using these rifles against you, in a Tiger tank. Of course it's not very effective. The second game has the Soviets and Germans use their respective rifles and a dedicated British sniper uses the Boys Rifle for anti-personal and anti-vehicle roles.
- The Call of Duty series has the Soviets use the PTRS-41 against German armour in the first game and World at War. In the first title, it's a stationary weapon with infinite, exploding rounds. World at War has it portable and functions more as an overpowered sniper rifle, with a scope included. However the weight of the weapon would make it difficult for a soldier in reality to lift the rifle to aim, let alone firing the weapon and dealing with the recoil.
- The first Anti-Tank unit (which they're from the Industrial Age) available in Rise of Nations uses the Mauser Mod. 1918. It's inaccurately depicted with a box magazine.
- The first game in the Red Orchestra series has the Soviets use the PTRD-41 as their anti-tank weapon, as the Germans use a Panzerfaust. Heroes of Stalingrad had both the Germans and Soviets use the PTRS-41 rifle, with the Germans using their designation of "PZB 784(K)". The rifles needed to be deployed first in order to aim, fire, and reload the weapon.
- You can find and use a Boys Rifle in Medal of Honor: Pacific Assault, it functions as a turret as you need to deploy the weapon before you can use it. Truth in Television; the Marine Corps used the Canadian made Boys rifle as their anti-tank weapon before the Bazooka, as they often receive new equipment much later than the Army (for example, they were using the Springfield long after the Army had all but entirely replaced it with the M1 Garand).
- One of the guns available in Devil May Cry 3: Dante's Awakening is a Lahti L-39, modified with a much shorter barrel and a chainsaw-like handle just ahead of the magazine, called the "Spiral".
- The Mauser 1918 Tankgewehr has been given to the German forces in the Horrors of War expansion for Verdun. Odd since there are no operational tanks in this game, and the rifle is pretty much overkill for infantry.
- The Tankgewehr appears in Battlefield 1 in the hands of the Tank Hunter elite class.
- Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker allows the player to develop the PTRD-41 and PTRS-41. Fitted with scopes, they fall under the Sniper Rifle category. Due to their size, both weapons are rather unwieldy and, as a result, are slow to bring to bear and reload. It's possible to break helicopter canopies with these weapons, allowing for earlier exposure of pilots, but due to the aforementioned drawbacks, this is a difficult strategy to implement.
A series of bolt-action rifles designed by Salvatore Carcano at the Turin Army Arsenal in 1891, and called the Modello 91, or just the M91. It successfully replaced the Vetterli-Vitali rifles/carbines chambered in 10.35x47mmR used previously in Italian military service, and the Carcano, in its rifle and carbine forms (such as the one pictured above), served the Italians from 1891 until 1945, when the rifle stopped production. Even afterwards the Italians didn't dispose of them- the Italian State Police used it until 1981. It has also seen use with many other countries, like the Germans (utilizing rifles captured from Italy's surrender in 1943), Finns (utilized in the Winter War, altough it's noticeably overshadowed by the Mosin-Nagant owing to it's non-standard ammunition and non-adjustable sight), and Greeks (like the Germans, utilizing captured rifles rechambered to Greek standard ammo, the 6.5x54mm Mannlicher-Schonauer, supplied by the US). It is still used to this day, in the Libyan Civil War- like the Mosin-Nagant, it qualifies as a Badass Grandpa. Chambered for the rimless 6.5x52mm Carcano cartridge, the Carcano series of rifles had a slightly higher magazine capacity than most contemporary bolt-action rifles (at 6 rounds, only the Lebel at 8 rounds and the Lee-Enfield at 10 rounds has higher magazine capacity) and fed from an en-bloc clip like the M1 Garand. While it had an excellent feed system, the fallacy was the ammunition- back then, the rifle often used different powder types and ammunition lots in one clip. This was a bad idea, as it tended to cause varying bullet velocities and wild bullet dispersion, causing wildly inconsistent accuracy. Perhaps because of this, the rifle was never significantly used as a sniper rifle in both World Wars unlike other contemporary bolt-action rifles, although the Italians did train and arm their few snipers with scoped Carcano Model 1891 rifles. The Carcano was briefly chambered in the stronger 7.35x51mm Carcano cartridge before World War 2 broke out, but the logistical nightmare of having to supply two different types of ammo in the bureaucratic Fascist government lead to most 7.35mm rifles being chambered back to 6.5mm. The lack of stopping power from the 6.5mm cartridge lead to most Italian Social Republicnote soldiers switching to the Karabiner 98k. There are almost a dozen variants of the Carcano, but they mostly differ only in barrel length, chambering, and whether their bayonets were detachable or foldable. An exception was the Type-I Rifle (with the "I" obviously standing for Italian) produced for the IJN, chambered in 6.5x50mm Arisaka and having a 5-round magazine capacity, produced after the IJN contacted Italy due to Arisaka production going its bitter rival, the IJA, midway in the invasion of China in 1937. Perhaps the most famous aspect of the rifle is that this is the rifle that was used to kill John F. Kennedy. That's right- Lee Harvey Oswald used a 6.5mm Mod. 91/38 Carcano fitted with a 4x telescopic scope to assassinate JFK. The weapon was mail-ordered, which was why since 1968 it is illegal to mail-order firearms. The weapon, with its 4x scope, can be seen in the National Archive.
- If a World War II game/ movie/ live-action TV includes Italians, this rifle in one of it's variants is likely to appear. Also, documentaries on Who Shot JFK? will include a reference to the Carcano.
- the M91/41 variant appears in Sniper Elite III. It appears with a 5-round magazine capacity and has the highest muzzle velocity of tthe 4 non-DLC rifles available to the player, but it also has the highest recoil.
- The M91/38 is also used by John Marston as an sniper rifle (with a slightly incorrect capacity of 5 rounds, though it's possible that Marston never knew that the rifle can actually hold 6) that is one of the 5 in-game Rare Guns. It is anachronistic, as the rifle model was not made until 1938 (hence the designation).
- Call of Duty 2: Big Red One has the Italian forces use to Carcano Rifle in "Piano Lupo" and any multiplayer map featuring them. The in-game bio even noted that this kind of rifle was used in the Kennedy assassination.