Cool Guns / Rifles

Twenty days on Ortigara
with no change to dismount
Tapum, tapum, ta put!
Tapum, tapum, ta put!
Opening lyrics of "Ta-Pum" note 

The many service rifles issued to many military forces all over the world, and other rifles worth mentioning.

Keep in mind that many of the rifles here can also be considered Sniper Rifles, as most, if not all the rifles here can and have been fitted with sniper scopes.

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    Anti-Tank Rifles 
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The big guns! Anti-tank rifles originated sometime during World War I, alongside the first tanks. The very first anti-tank rifle was the German Mauser Mod. 1918 Tankgewehr, which fired a massive 13.2x92mm cartridge and was used against British armour. It was the only rifle of its kind used in that war.

How most anti-tank rifles functioned was that a high-power, high-velocity bullet would be fired towards enemy armour to pierce the iron sheets. Much of the damage would come from the shrapnel from the damaged armour inflicting grievous wounds to the enemy tank crew. Many of the large calibers used were comparable to the .50 BMG round, the same used in the M2 Browning. After the war, many European powers eventually started to design their own anti-tank rifles in time for World War II.

Some were single-shot rifles, while others were fed with a clip or a box magazine, most commonly holding 5 rounds. Some well known rifles includes the .55 British Boys Rifle, the German Panzerbücase 39 in 7.92x94mm Patronen, the Soviet semi-auto PTRS-41 and single-shot PTRD-41 (the rifle pictured above) in 14.5x114mm, and the Finnish Lahti L-39 in 20x138mmB. Most anti-tank rifles operated with bolt-action like the Boys, but a rare few, like the aforementioned PTRS and L-39, were semi-automatic.

They proved to be effective against lightly armoured tanks and armour cars early in World War II, however they lost their effectiveness midway in the war. Due to many tanks being designed with thicker armour, the bullets would not be able to pierce through unless the user landed a lucky shot through an opening. At that point, many soldiers in the war were most likely armed with better anti-tank weaponry, such as the Bazooka, PIAT, Panzerschrek or Panzerfaust.

While declared useless in the European Theater, these rifles were still effective against Japanese tanks in the Pacific Theater due to their tanks having thinner armour than their German counterparts. During the Korean War, the US Marine Raiders experimented with the Boys rifle by attaching a scope to be used as a sniper rifle with max range of over 2000 yards. Their legacy paved the way for modern Anti-Material Rifles and even some high-powered sniper rifles where larger calibers would maintain their accuracy at longer distances.

Some have found their way into the civilian sector, most notably the British Boys model and the Finnish Lahati L39. The Boys have mostly been converted from .55 to .50 caliber, both to use the cheaper .50 BMG round and so that they are not considered destructive devices in the United States. The Lahati is normally found in its original 20mm caliber, which is pretty much overkill for any type of hunting you could conceivably do but is pretty fun anyway.

  • The Disney wartime film Stop That Tank that was commissioned by The Department of National Defence and the National Film Board of Canada heavily features the Boys Anti-Tank Rifle. The film is essentially a training video explaining the operation of the rifle.
  • The Tiger Ace campaign in Company of Heroes has British Sappers using these rifles against you, in a Tiger tank. Of course it's not very effective. The second game has the Soviets and Germans use their respective rifles and a dedicated British sniper uses the Boys Rifle for anti-personal and anti-vehicle roles.
  • The Call of Duty series has the Soviets use the PTRS-41 against German armour in the first game and World at War. In the first title, it's a stationary weapon with infinite, exploding rounds. World at War has it portable and functions more as an overpowered sniper rifle, with a scope included. However the weight of the weapon would make it difficult for a soldier in reality to lift the rifle to aim, let alone firing the weapon and dealing with the recoil.
  • The first Anti-Tank unit (which they're from the Industrial Age) available in Rise of Nations uses the Mauser Mod. 1918. It's inaccurately depicted with a box magazine.
  • The first game in the Red Orchestra series has the Soviets use the PTRD-41 as their anti-tank weapon, as the Germans use a Panzerfaust. Heroes of Stalingrad had both the Germans and Soviets use the PTRS-41 rifle, with the Germans using their designation of "PZB 784(K)". The rifles needed to be deployed first in order to aim, fire, and reload the weapon.
  • You can find and use a Boys Rifle in Medal of Honor: Pacific Assault, it functions as a turret as you need to deploy the weapon before you can use it. Truth in Television; the Marine Corps used the Canadian made Boys rifle as their anti-tank weapon before the Bazooka, as they often receive new equipment much later than the Army (for example, they were using the Springfield long after the Army had all but entirely replaced it with the M1 Garand).
  • One of the guns available in Devil May Cry 3: Dante's Awakening is a Lahti L-39, modified with a much shorter barrel and a chainsaw-like handle just ahead of the magazine, called the "Spiral".
  • The Mauser 1918 Tankgewehr has been given to the German forces in the Horrors of War expansion for Verdun. Odd since there are no operational tanks in this game, and the rifle is pretty much overkill for infantry.
  • The Tankgewehr appears in Battlefield 1 in the hands of the Tank Hunter elite class.
  • A wide variety of Anti-Tank Rifles unique to each faction's Anti-Tank riflemen appears in Men of War using generic "Anti-Tank Rifle Rounds''. Realistically, they are only useful when hitting critical components of an armored vehicle like it's tracks or really thin armor plating.
  • Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker allows the player to develop the PTRD-41 and PTRS-41. Fitted with scopes, they fall under the Sniper Rifle category. Due to their size, both weapons are rather unwieldy and, as a result, are slow to bring to bear and reload. It's possible to break helicopter canopies with these weapons, allowing for earlier exposure of pilots, but due to the aforementioned drawbacks, this is a difficult strategy to implement.
  • Strike Witches features several anti-tank rifles depending on the nationality of the witch in question, useful for one-shotting a Neuroi once their core is discovered; rifles used include the Boys rifle (by Lynette in the main series), the Panzerbüchse 39 (by Constantia Cantacuzino of the 505th), the L-39 (Hanna Wind of the Suomus Air Force's 24th), and the Solothurn S-18/100 (Hikari and Takami Karibuchi of the 502nd).

     Arisaka Rifle 
A World War II infantryman can never forget the sound of a Japanese rifle. Unlike our M1s, with their husky, semiautomatic, bam-bam-bam!, the Japanese .25 has a sharp, cracking pow! It is followed by a pause while the bolt is pulled back, the spent cartridge ejected, another round shoved into the firing chamber and then another pow!
Nelson Peery, in his memoir Black Fire

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Top: Type 38 Arisaka, Bottom: Type 99 Arisaka
The Arisaka bolt-action rifle was a staple weapon of the Japanese Empire, from its creation in 1897 until the end of the Second World War in 1945. It also saw use with the Chinese Communists and Nationalist/KMT forces (who used anything and everything they could get their hands on) converted to 7.92x57mm Mauser, Viet Minh guerillas in Vietnam (same reason as the Chinese), Koreansnote  (though they were rapidly replaced by Mosin-Nagants in the North and M1 Garands in the South), and the British (who found it cheaper during WW1 to arm their forces in the Far East with weapons purchased from the then-allied Japanese than ship SMLEs from the opposite side of the globe). The rifle was designed by and named after its creator, Colonel Arisaka Nariakira, with the Type 30 being the first model in the series. Later, famed Japanese gunsmith Kijiro Nambu worked with Colonel Arisaka to create the Type 38 long rifle in 6.5x50mmSR. In total there were over six million rifles made, with the Type 38 and Type 99 short rifle being the most common. Almost all rifles can be fitted with a bayonet (others have the bayonet mounted on that can be retracted) which was a symbol of the Samurai, and used in the notorious (and suicidal) Banzai charges as well as bayonet practice on whoever got in their way. Some Arisakas have a peculiar monopod (such as the Type 99 pictured) that can be used to make aiming steadier or at the very least keep the stock and barrel from getting damaged by non-ideal terrain (such as rocky beaches). The rear sights for some models are also unique as they can be used to aim at aircraft, which was very bad news for Chinese pilots, most of whom in the early years of the war flew very slow and fragile biplanes vulnerable to infantry platoon volley fire.

Throughout Imperial Japan's wars and bloody conquests of the 20th century, Arisakas were the staple weapon of the Japanese infantryman. Unfortunately for many WW2 Japanese soldiers, they lacked both semi and fully automatic weapons to help compliment their rifles, while whatever ones they had were in limited supply, leaving them severely outgunned against the Americans. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the 6.5mm Type 38 was found to be cumbersome in urban warfare due to its length, and lacked stopping power against the 7.92x57mm Mauser rifles of the Chinese army. In contrast, the 7.7x58mm SR (semi-rimmed) round of the Type 92 machine gun was more effective in combat. This lead to the introduction of the Type 99 short rifle (pictured above) in 7.7x58mm Arisaka, which was formally adopted in 1939 as the main service rifle, though it never managed to completely replace the Type 38, as millions had already been produced once the Type 99 came into service. As all Arisaka production was controlled by the army, practically all Type 99 rifles were sent to army units. The army's bitter rival, the navy, continued to use the Type 38, even contracting the Italians to make the Type I rifle in 6.5mm Arisaka when there weren't enough Type 38 rifles to go around.

All rifles have a chrysanthemum flower sketched on the rifle to symbolize the Japanese Royal Family; many captured rifles at the end of the war had the flower scratched out by either the Americans (to symbolize the Emperor stepping down from power) or the Japanese (so that the Emperor's property did not fall into enemy hands); as a result, rifles with intact flowers command a significantly higher price on the collector market than normal Arisakas.

The rifle is incredibly sturdy, moreso than the Lee-Enfield, Mosin-Nagant and Mauser rifles note , which is why the Chinese converted many to 7.92x57mm Mauser after 1945. It also utilized a cock-on-closing striker like the Lee-Enfield, which improved rate of fire. However, the rifle is not without flaws; the action was likely to get clogged with dirt when operated from prone position (the Mauser family also suffered from this, as did other rifles of the period). This necessitated that Nambu design a bolt cover (most people refer to this as an add-on dust cover, which is totally false) to keep mud out of the chamber while the rifle was in the field. Also, the rifle's straight bolt handle can be awkward to use for those more used to down-turned bolt handles (although some Arisaka rifles do have down-turned bolt handles). But the former of the two flaws wasn't as bothersome as one would think, for a properly fitted bolt cover (which came perfectly matched with the rifle straight out of the factory) would keep mud out as intended and would NOT rattle when the bolt was fully closed, contrary to popular myth. People who insist that Japanese soldiers tossed the bolt covers because of noise (which seems to be the same issue as the Garand Ping myth) ignore the fact that the soldiers were taught to keep their equipment in nearly perfect condition (and tossing vital parts of your rifle resulted in the commander beating you half to death). The straight bolt handle was also easier to produce compared to the down-turned bolt handles of other bolt-action rifles. And one feature that the Type 99 Rifle had that most other rifles didn't have was a corrosion resistant barrel bore (it did not rust inside the barrel).

  • Almost ten times out of ten, you will find a Japanese soldier in fiction armed with this rifle. With a major exception being The Bridge on the River Kwai which has the Japanese guards using captured Lee-Enfields, possibly to send more Arisakas to front-line units.
  • The Scorpio Killer from Dirty Harry used a sporterized rifle to assassinate a victim in the beginning of the movie. The rifle was a very rare Type 2 Paratrooper Rifle. By having it sporterized, it had ruined its collector's value when interest for the Arisaka rifles skyrocketed in the 1990's.
  • You can find the Arisaka in Medal of Honor: Pacific Assault. Comes in Type 38, Type 99 Sniper, and Type 44 Carbine flavours. Japanese troops are also seen using the rifle in Rising Sun, but not usable to the player.
  • The Japanese troops in Red Orchestra 2: Rising Storm are obviously armed with these rifles.
  • A Type 99 Sniper Rifle can be acquired via DLC in Sniper Elite V2. It has the slowest rate of fire, but is the most powerful. Although, why would there be a Japanese rifle in Europe? Then again that's not completely impossible. It returns in Sniper Elite III as a DLC item, which is set in Africa, so it's even less properly placed than Europe. Karl must have some really good connections to the OSS if he is able to acquire such a rifle.
  • Men of War features the common Type 99 Arisaka issued to IJA riflemen and banzai chargers, while the rarer Type 2 is only issued to paratroopers, SNLF elite troops and specialized last-ditch infantry.
  • IJA soldiers and banzai chargers have this rifle in Call of Duty: World at War. It's also available in multiplayer, the second bolt-action rifle and unlocked at the same time as Create-a-Class. It's tied with the Mosin-Nagant for having the slowest bolt-cycling time in the game, and it has to unlock the sniper scope instead of starting with it like the Springfield, but once it does get the scope, it has the least amount of scope sway of the bolt-action rifles.
  • Appears in Commandos 2: Men Of Courage when the Commandos take missions against the Japanese in the Pacific. Most Mooks are armed with Type 38s as their standard weapon, which can be acquired by the team for their own use. The Type 97 appears in the hands of snipers, which Duke and Natasha can make use of. For the purposes of gameplay, they have the same characteristics as the Lee-Enfield, Springfield M1903, Kar98K and Gewehr 43, so any differences are purely cosmetic.

     Carcano Rifle 
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A series of bolt-action rifles designed by Salvatore Carcano at the Turin Army Arsenal in 1891, and called the Modello 91, or just the M91. It successfully replaced the Vetterli-Vitali rifles/carbines chambered in 10.35x47mmR used previously in Italian military service, and the Carcano, in its rifle and carbine forms, served the Italians from 1891 until 1945, when the rifle stopped production. Even afterwards the Italians didn't dispose of them- the Italian State Police used it until 1981. It has also seen use with many other countries, like the Germans (utilizing rifles captured from Italy's surrender in 1943), Finns (utilized in the Winter War, altough it's noticeably overshadowed by the Mosin-Nagant owing to its non-standard ammunition and non-adjustable sight), and Greeks (like the Germans, utilizing captured rifles rechambered to Greek standard ammo, the 6.5x54mm Mannlicher-Schonauer, supplied by the US). It is still used to this day, in the Libyan Civil War- like the Mosin-Nagant, it qualifies as a Badass Grandpa.

Chambered for the rimless 6.5x52mm Carcano cartridge, the Carcano series of rifles had a slightly higher magazine capacity than most contemporary bolt-action rifles (at 6 rounds, only the Lebel at 8 rounds and the Lee-Enfield at 10 rounds has higher magazine capacity) and fed from an en-bloc clip like the M1 Garand. While it had an excellent feed system, the fallacy was the ammunition- back then, the rifle often used different powder types and ammunition lots in one clip. This was a bad idea, as it tended to cause varying bullet velocities and wild bullet dispersion, causing wildly inconsistent accuracy. Perhaps because of this, the rifle was never significantly used as a sniper rifle in both World Wars unlike other contemporary bolt-action rifles, although the Italians did train and arm their few snipers with scoped Carcano Model 1891 rifles.

The Carcano was briefly chambered in the stronger 7.35x51mm Carcano cartridge before WW2 broke out, but the war erupting before sufficient supplies were made led the Italian government to revert to the old munitions (and rechamber most of the already made 7.35mm rifles) to avoid further complicating the logistical nightmare coming from supplying the ground forces with nine different kinds of munitions in the face of Fascist Italy's monumental bureaucracy. Other 7.35mm short rifles were sold to Finland during the Winter War, but the Finnish troops disliked the Carcano's bullet dispersion. As the Carcano's unique ammunition created logistics problems, the Finnish Army encouraged soldiers who got the Carcano to use captured Mosin-Nagant rifles instead. Eventually, the 7.35mm rifles were given to rear-line units in the Finnish military. The lack of stopping power from the 6.5mm cartridge lead to some Italian Social Republicnote  soldiers switching to the Karabiner 98k if they weren't issued an MAB 38A or one of its variants.

There are almost a dozen variants of the Carcano, such as the Carcano Mod. 91/38 short rifle pictured above, but they mostly differ only in barrel length, chambering, and whether their bayonets were detachable or foldable. An exception was the Type-I Rifle (with the "I" obviously standing for Italian) produced for the Imperial Japanese Navy, chambered in 6.5x50mm Arisaka and having a 5-round magazine capacity, produced after the IJN contacted Italy due to all Arisaka production going to its bitter rival, the Imperial Japanese Army midway through the invasion of China in 1937, resulting in army units getting fresh Arisakas before the naval ground forces. Production of the Type-I began in 1938 and ended in 1939, with over 80,000 built and shipped to Japan. However, due to fierce ultranationalism within the Japanese military, the Type-I was viewed as a second-class weapon by the Navy and most were put in storage, used for cadet training or given to Naval Guard units. Some Type-Is did manage to see combat during America's 'island hopping' campaigns, where Naval Guardsmen fought alongside front-line troops.

Perhaps the most famous aspect of the rifle is that this is the rifle that was used to kill John F. Kennedy. Lee Harvey Oswald used a 6.5mm Mod. 91/38 Carcano fitted with a 4x telescopic scope to assassinate JFK. The weapon was mail-ordered, which is why since 1968 it is illegal to mail-order firearms. The weapon, with its 4x scope, can be seen in the National Archive.

  • If a World War II game/ movie/ live-action TV includes Italians, this rifle in one of its variants is likely to appear (assuming the producers could be bothered to model non-German weapons for the Axis) . Also, documentaries on Who Shot JFK? will include a reference to the Carcano.
  • The M91/41 variant appears in Sniper Elite III, both as a usable sniper rifle (with a scope) and as a weapon commonly seen in the hands of Italian (and occasionally German) soldiers. It appears with a 5-round magazine capacity and has the highest muzzle velocity of the rifles available to the player in the base game, but it also has the highest recoil. It returns in Sniper Elite 4 in the hands of Mussolini's fascists and anti-Nazi partisans, and is also available to Karl.
  • The M91/38 is also used by John Marston as an sniper rifle (with a slightly incorrect capacity of 5 rounds, though it's possible that Marston never knew that the rifle can actually hold 6) that is one of the 5 in-game Rare Guns. It is anachronistic, as the rifle model was not made until 1938 (hence the designation).
  • Call of Duty 2: Big Red One has the Italian forces use the Carcano rifle in "Piano Lupo" and any multiplayer map featuring them. The in-game bio even notes that this kind of rifle was used in the Kennedy assassination.
  • Shows up in the movie adaptations of Don Camillo, owned by the titular Badass Preacher (likely found or stolen during the recently-ended World War II, when he collaborated with the Partisans). He later upgrades to the MAB-38, having stolen one from Peppone's secret stash before setting it on fire.

    Henry Repeating Rifle 
"That damned Yankee rifle you load on Sunday and shoot all week!"
Various Confederate soldiers, on the Henry.

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The precursor to the Winchester line, the .44 Henry Rifle was named after its designer, Benjamin Tyler Henry. It saw limited use in The American Civil War. Many later found their way West, notably in the hands of the Natives in their obliteration of Custer's U.S. Cavalry troops in 1876.

The Henry Rifle was quite revolutionary for its time. While there were a few examples of lever-action firearms before it (most notably the Volcanic and Spencer Repeaters), they had serious issues that prevented them from gaining wide acceptance, either using weak cartridges (the Volcanic) or having mechanisms that were complex to operate (the Spencer). The Henry significantly improved upon both. First, it used the .44 Henry rimfire cartridge that had respectable power within the rifle's ideal range of 200 yards or so. Secondly, the Henry's toggle lock system compressed the needed motions to reload and recock the action to one throw of the lever. The 15-shot tube magazine and simple lever-action gave it a massive firepower advantage over the muzzleloading muskets and single-shot rifles of its time, and were also superior to the other repeating rifles available - even the Spencer held less than half the full capacity of the Henry.

It was never officially adopted as a military weapon, but a large number of Union soldiers bought Henrys with their own funds during The American Civil War. The Henry made a massive impact in the battles it saw, with Confederate soldiers cursing the Union's "sixteen-shooter".note  The Henry was not a flawless weapon however. It lacks a foreend for the supporting hand (which also leads to the supporting hand getting in the way of the magazine follower as it empties), the magazine tube is exposed to the outside and its spring is prone to issues, and reloading the magazine tube is a lengthy process that had to be done with care, lest a cartridge be set off by a primer hitting a bullet already loaded in the tube.

The Henry was only produced for a few years, with production ending in 1866 with around 14,000 made in total. Nevertheless, it was very much a case of Short-Lived Big Impact, as the Henry formed the basis of the Winchester lever-action rifles that soon followed, and the rest is history.

Note that most Henry Rifles in older westerns are actually Winchester 1866 "Yellowboy" rifles with the foreends removednote , as legit Henrys were rather rare at the time. As reproductions have surfaced in more recent times, legit Henrys have become more common sights in films.

  • Cool Action: Like the Winchester lever-action shotguns and rifles it preceded, the Henry can also be flip-cocked, though this requires modifications such as an enlarged lever loop to not break your fingers attempting it, and would be criminally unsafe.
  • One is used by Django in Django Unchained.
  • John Dunbar's main weapon in Dances with Wolves is a Henry rifle.
  • Appears in Red Dead Redemption as the 'Henry Repeater'.
  • One rechambered for .44 Magnum appears in Fallout 3 as "Lincoln's Repeater", the single most accurate firearm in the game. A more common variant in 10mm appears in the "Point Lookout" DLC, in both regular form and a unique "Backwater Rifle" with boosted stats to make it a middle ground between the lever-action rifles and Lincoln's Repeater.
  • Used by many characters in Cowboys & Aliens.

     Kel-Tec RFB 
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First announced in 2007 and released in 2009, the Kel-Tec RFBnote  is a 7.62x51mm semi-automatic bullpup rifle, designed by George Kellgren.

The RFB uses a short-stroke gas piston, and is fed by 20-round magazines from the FN FALnote . Similarly to the FN F2000, the RFB is designed to be fully ambidextrous, with a forward-ejection system that ejects spent casings forward and over the handguard. The weapon itself is built around the gun's barrel, which serves as a kind of backbone to which the other components are bolted on. Also unusually, the RFB does not ship with iron sights; instead, a rail is provided for the user to mount optics of their choice.

The RFB has three main variants: the Carbine variant with an 18-inch barrel, a Sporter variant with a 24-inch barrel, and a Target variant with a heavy 26 or 32-inch barrel.

  • A fictional underwater-firing variant of the RFB appears in ARMA III. This version has iron sights, and is capable of firing in semi-auto, full-auto, and three-round bursts.
  • The M7A3 in Killing Floor seems to be based on the RFB, with a thumbhole stock, foregrip, digital ammo counter, and medication dart launcher.
  • Appears in The Darkness II as the "Striker". Unlike the real RFB, it lacks a charging handle.
  • The RFB is an unlockable weapon in Alliance Of Valiant Arms.
  • Appears as a usable weapon in Sniper Ghost Warrior 3 as the "KTR".
  • The long-barreled Target variant of the RFB appears as a usable weapon in Battlefield 4, where it is the first DMR unlockable.
  • A usable weapon in State of Decay.
  • Appears in Contract Wars as a usable weapon.
  • The "CS27 Misfortune" in Just Cause 3 is based heavily on the RFB, but fires in four-round bursts.

     Krag-Jørgensen 
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The Krag-Jørgensen rifle is a bolt-action rifle designed by Norwegian army captain Ole Herman Johannes Krag and gunsmith Erik Jørgensen. First introduced in 1886 and initially chambered in 8x58mmR, it was adopted by three major countries as a primary service rifle: Norway, Denmark, and the United States. The US adopted the weapon in .30-40 Krag at an important time in firearms development, when smokeless powder was supplanting black powder for use in firearms; indeed, the Krag was the first US service rifle to use smokeless powder by original design.

The Krag's defining feature is its magazine design; unlike other weapons of the period, which featured integral magazines loaded with stripper clips or chargers, the Krag's magazine is integral with the receiver, and loaded with loose rounds from a gate on the gun's right side. This design allows the user to easily "top-off" the magazine, and unlike most bolt-action rifles, allows the weapon to be reloaded without opening the bolt. Unfortunately, the design also makes it much slower to reload compared to clip-loaded rifles, like the Mauser.

The rifle first saw use with the US in the Spanish-American War. There, soldiers armed with the Krag found themselves outgunned by Spanish troops armed with Mausers, whose clip-loading rifles allowed them to reload much faster. In addition, the .30-40 round was also a bit underpowered compared to the Spanish 7x57mm round.note  Modifications were made to adapt the Krag to be clip-fed and strengthen its action for higher velocity rounds, but in the end, seeing the advantage of the Mauser design, the US eventually copied it with the M1903 Springfield, making the Krag one of the shortest-serving American service rifles (11 years).

The Krag continued to see service well into the 20th century, with updated Norwegian models serving all the way through WWII. Many of the weapons were also sold to civilians, and were converted to sport or hunting rifles. Today, the weapon is prized by collectors for its smooth action, rarity, and service history.

In film and television, especially in the early to mid-20th century, the Krag can often be seen impersonating Mausers or other bolt action rifles, on account of them being easier to obtain at the time.

  • A sporterized version is used by Atticus Finch to put down a rabid dog in the film version of To Kill a Mockingbird.
  • Appears in The Wind and the Lion as the primary rifle of the US Navy and Marine Corps.note 
  • The rifle appears in The Rough Riders as the primary rifle of the US Army.
  • Used by many of the Venture's crew members in King Kong.
  • Frequently appears in Hogan's Heroes, ironically as the main weapon used by German soldiers, standing in for the Karabiner 98k.
  • It appears in Red Dead Redemption as the "Bolt Action Rifle".
  • Many are seen in Gunga Din, standing in for the Martini-Henry that would have been used at the time.
  • Act as the primary weapon of the Norwegian LHV unitnote  in Wargame: Red Dragon.

    Lebel Mle. 1886 
The first military weapon to use smokeless powder, which initiated an era of rapid firearms development.
Description, Battlefield 1

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The best infantry rifle in the world when the French Army adopted it in 1886, it was kept in frontline service for five decades, long past obsolescence. The Lebel was a bolt-action repeater with an 8-round tubular magazine, plus another round on the lifter and one in the pipe, for a total of ten rounds of 8x50mm Lebel, unheard of for a military rifle in its day. It also had an magazine interrupter which, when engaged, prevented ammo from feeding from the magazine and required the shooter to hand-load a loose round into the chamber, as French doctrine called for the magazine to be an emergency reserve. The French adopted a redesigned "spitzer"-type (sharp-nosed) full metal jacket bullet for the 8mm Lebel cartridge just a few years after the rifle was adopted. Rather than junk their brand-new weapon, which was designed for round-nose bullets, they instead made new cartridge cases with a circular groove in the base around the primer. When loaded into the Lebel's magazine, each bullet's nose rested safely in the groove of the round in front of it and away from the primer, preventing any nasty accidents. This was a brilliant move at the time that eliminated the need for any modifications to the rifle (which would have cost a lot more than the slightly-modified brass).

Though it was a game-changer in 1886, the Lebel was long in the tooth in 1914. The Poilu's standard infantry rifle was tough and fairly accurate, but it was also heavy, and its 8mm round was ballistically-inferior to newer cartridges like 7.92 Mauser, .303 British, .30-06, and 7.62x54R. While it had almost twice the capacity of a Mauser, Carcano, or Mosin-Nagant, its magazine had to be loaded one round at a time, while everybody else's rifles used stripper clips. The British SMLE more than matched the Lebel's magazine capacitynote  with both a detachable magazine and stripper clip loading. French soldiers found that they had one of the worst rifles on the Western Front, with the exception of the Canadian Ross rifle or the British Farquar-Hill, which jammed with the slightest hint of dirt or broke every other time you pulled the trigger, respectively. The French quickly recognized the problem, but found it decidedly inconvenient to switch to a new design in the middle of a shooting war with an invading German army within shouting distance of Paris.

Newer and more advanced Berthier rifles (which used stripper clips) were issued on a limited basis to augment the Lebels, but never came close to replacing them. Despite their rifle's shortcomings, French soldiers and Legionnaires actually preferred the 8 rounds it had over the Berthier's 5-round capacity and still put the Lebel to good use, creating lots of holes in lots of German soldiers over the next four years. They continued to be found in the hands of Poilus and French Foreign Legionnaires well into the 1930s, when the 50+ year-old Lebel was finally withdrawn in favor of the MAS-36.
  • Any movie showing the French in WWI or the French Foreign Legion during the 1930s will prominently feature this rifle.
  • Rick O'Connell's Foreign Legion unit uses Lebel rifles in The Mummy (1999). After his magazine runs dry, O'Connell is seen single-loading his Lebel, not bothering with the magazine. When the Tuaregs get too close, he abandons it and switches to pistols.
  • Jean-Claude Van Damme and other Foreign Legion soldiers carry them in Legionnaire.
  • The French troops were armed with the Lebel rifle in Verdun, it can be fitted with a bayonet.
  • Like Verdun above, Battlefield 1 added the rifle in the They Shall Not Pass DLC, which prominently features the French Army.

    Lee-Enfield 
A British bolt action rifle with a high magazine capacity, excellent for medium to long range use.
Description, Battlefield 1

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Top: SMLE No. 1 Mk III*, Bottom: Lee-Enfield No. 4 Mk I

The Lee-Enfield is widely regarded as one of the best bolt-action rifles ever made. It began as a variation of the short-livednote  Lee-Metford rifle with a shorter barrel that dumped the Metford-type polygonal rifling. At the time of its introduction, it was considered to be far too inaccurate as well as unreliable for combat; there was also resistance to the idea of a magazine rifle from top brass, with fears of wasted ammo and the detachable magazinenote  being lost. Early rifles often had the magazine chained to the rifle's body to prevent a careless soldier from losing it and, like the Lebel above, were fitted with a "magazine cutoff," a panel that closed over the magazine and turned the rifle into a single-shot breech-loader; soldiers were ordered to use the magazine only in emergencies, an order which was so universally ignored that the cutoff ended up being deleted altogether as a cost-saving measure.note 

It turned out however, that the SMLE was not as bad as was thought. In fact, it was just about one of the best rifles ever made; the main problem in the Boer Wars was the ammunition, not the rifle, although early Enfield barrels had crappy quality control, which was quickly tightened up to produce truly exceptional weapons. It was accurate, reliable, and most notably, fast: every British soldier was expected to be able to do the "Mad Minute," firing not less than fifteen aimed shots in sixty seconds; most were drilled until they could manage thirty (and thus also reload three times during that time), with the world record, set in 1914 by a Sergeant Instructor named Alfred Snoxall, making 38 shots in this time.note  This had quite an effect on the enemy; German accounts frequently praised British rifle fire.note  This was helped by the fact that the rifle could carry ten rounds of ammunition at a time, double that of the rival German Mauser. Lest the Enfield be thought of as a superweapon, the design was mechanically much less sound than the Mauser or Mosin designs; repeated firing of .303 British rounds caused the receiver to stretch out over time, necessitating longer and longer bolt heads to be installed over the life of the weapon (good thing they designed the bolt head to be detachable). This is why, while the Mauser 98 action is used for all sorts of super-magnum big-game hunting rifles, the Enfield action was rarely used for sporting rifles.

The British Army as well as the associated Commonwealth states, would continue to make use of this rifle all throughout World War I and World War II, with Lee-Enfield sniper rifles lasting all the way into the 1990s. note And in India, they're still in use as police weapons to this day.note 

A little-known fact is that despite being the quintessential British rifle, the designer of its basic action, James Paris Lee, was Americannote . After it failed to gain much interest from the US military note , the design was picked up by the British military, who adopted it for their Lee-Metford rifles. An improved barrel resulted in the Lee-Enfield long rifle, followed by a succession of improvements leading to the SMLE in 1904, less than two months before his death.note 

  • Cool Accessory: Earlier versions of the SMLE, up to the No.1 Mk III*, featured the P1907 Enfield sword bayonet, which was over 17 inches long, or roughly 3 inches longer than the German equivalent. The reason for this extreme length was that at the time, the SMLE was noticeably shorter than most other rifles at the time: prior to World War I, military theorists argued that the shorter length would put British soldiers at a disadvantage when forced into hand-to-hand combat, as their opponent would have a longer reach. The response was to create a longer bayonet, to make up for this deficiency. While undoubtedly cool and a sound idea in theory, it turned out that the long, unwieldy rifle-bayonet was a distinct disadvantage when fighting in the confines of the trenches (though no moreso than a shorter bayonet on the longer Gewehr 98 Mauser rifles used by most German soldiers). However, the length of the sword bayonet proved to be just about ideal for a close-quarters battle weapon, provided that it was detached and used alone. By the time of World War II, India was making shorter versions of the P1907 bayonet while Britain and Australia still used the full-length ones. But Britain was transitioning to the No.4 Mk I version, which used the widely disliked "pigsticker" spike bayonet that had no capacity for use as a handheld knife separate from the rifle.
  • Anything set in World War 2 and featuring the British should feature this weapon, though sometimes they are shown using American weapons instead.
    • On the other hand, some movies have depicted American GIs with SMLEs slung on their shoulders instead of the correct M1 Garand. Depends on where it was filmed.
    • Likewise, any work set in World War One. If the Tommies are seen using something else other than Ross rifles or P'14 Enfields over the SMLE as their primary weapons, something's wrong.
  • Used in Gallipoli by the ANZAC army and is seen in the hands of all the main characters.
  • Features in Kokoda which is to be expected considering it's about the Australian forces on the Kokoda Track during WWII.
  • The Jawa Ion Blasters used in Star Wars: A New Hope were built from a heavily sawed-off Lee-Enfield No.1 Mk III with the grenade-launcher attachment glued to the shortened barrel.
  • The Desmond Bagley novel Flyaway has a lengthy scene where an accountant who's never handled a weapon in his life works out how to fire an SMLE, whereupon he blows the Big Bad's head off.
  • In Crocodile Dundee and its sequels, Mick Dundee uses a customised Enfield 303 Sporter with a thumbhole stock. It makes sense as Paul Hogan wanted to create an alternative to the regular '80s action heroes, so being armed with a pre-WWI bolt-action rifle is about as far away from the '80s action hero guns as you can get.
  • Another weapon featured prominently in the Call of Duty games. Like the Garand, it is one of the few weapons not to follow the same One Bullet Clips rule as the other rifles, due to carrying double the ammo; in Call of Duty 2, it's also one of the few rifles to still (intentionally, unlike the first game's Mosin-Nagant) reload with stripper clips when scoped.
  • Killing Floor DLC features a steampunk variation as the "Single-Piston Long Musket"; one of the very few depictions of the weapon where it is reloaded by replacing the magazine.
  • The "Hunting Rifle" in Cry of Fear is a scoped Lee-Enfield with a reduced capacity. It fares well as your only real long-range option when you can find ammo for it, but that ammo is among the rarest in the game, almost entirely disappearing from the game by the time you fight Carcass.
  • Battlefield 1942, naturally. The game actually inverts the point about WWII British forces above, as every Allied nation uses it, even after patches giving the Americans and Russians their own weapons (the Sniper for every Allied faction still uses a scoped SMLE).
  • The rifle was shown in The Bridge on the River Kwai, in the hands of the Japanese soldiers instead of the British soldiers when the former should have Arisaka rifles. The movie was filmed in Sri Lanka; being a former British colony, they had easy access to British weaponry (as the Japanese troops also used Thompsons and Vickers Machine Guns too.) It could be argued that the Japanese have confiscated the rifles from the British POWs after seizing Singapore and Hong Kong. And as the soldiers are prison guards, it could be argued that they were given British arms so more Japanese weapons could be sent to front-line troops.
  • British Infantry and Sappers will be armed with these rifles in Company of Heroes, some will opt out with Bren guns and PIAT Launchers respectively from upgrades for close-quarter combat and anti-tank combat respectively. Infantry Sections can have a designated Marksman use a scoped Lee-Enfield or use Rifle Grenades for more firepower.
  • The British Commonwealth troops in Verdun are armed with the Mk. III rifle, which can be outfitted with a scope and a bayonet. The Horrors of War DLC gives the Canadian Raiders a sawn-off Enfield, while the Specialists were given the notorious Ross Rifle which was their service rifle at the time.
  • The expansion packs for Medal of Honor: Allied Assault has the British use the No. 4 Lee-Enfield, and the similar yet anachronistic L42A1 as their service and sniper rifles which the player can use. In European Assault, the player can find and use a Lee-Enfield fitted with a scope, but for some odd reason, it holds five rounds rather than ten.
  • The SMLE appears in Battlefield 1 as a sniper rifle and a scopeless bolt-action rifle for the Scout class. It's widely agreed to be one of the best primaries in the game for its magazine size and its firing speed. A customized version with engravings is also available if the player downloads the Lawrence of Arabia DLC.
  • The SMLE No. 1 Mk III* is used by British troops and Sameer in Wonder Woman (2017).
  • Dunkirk prominently features the SMLE No. 1 Mk III* in the hands of British soldiers. The Shivering Soldier is armed with one, while another British soldier fires at a Stuka with his.
  • Sniper Elite 3 features the No.1 Mk III* SMLE as the main weapon of the British defenders at Tobruk and the LRDG. Karl Fairburne can use one with a scope mounted.
  • The No.4 Mk II(T), a customized sniper variant of the No.4, is the final unlockable rifle in Sniper Elite 4. Karl can also gear up with the Enfield-derived De Lisle integrally-suppressed carbine if the situation calls for discretion at the cost of significantly-reduced killing power at long range.

    M1/M2 Carbine 
The M1A1 Carbine, a .30 caliber semi-automatic rifle with a folding stock, is commonly issued to paratroopers. Though it lacks the stopping power of larger rifles, it's lightweight, accurate and compact.
Manual Description, Call of Duty

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Top: M1 Carbine, Bottom: M2 Carbine
The "assault rifle" before assault rifles were cool.note  The M1 Carbine fires a bullet with the inventively named caliber of .30 Carbine, which was designed to cover the gap in effective range between .45 ACP pistols and SMGs and the .30-06 M1 Garand. Utilizing a short-stroke gas system devised by a no-shit convict,note  15- and later (post-war) 30-round detachable box magazines (when the British Lee-Enfield had only 10, and the iconic Garand had a mere 8), and its own proprietary .30 caliber round, the weapon was a favorite of paratroopers, officers, and vehicle crews. In accounts by WW2 veterans, the rifle is often referred to as just the "carbine", with the term "M1" used for the Garand instead.

The primary purpose of the M1 was to provide a decent longarm for behind-the-lines troops in case an enemy using blitzkrieg tactical doctrine was able to outmanoeuvre the front line troops and interdict their supply lines. The Nazis, especially the Waffen-SS, also loved captured M1 Carbines. A variant with a pistol grip and a folding wire stock, the M1A1, was actually developed for paratroopers so that they could have a longarm from the moment they hit the ground instead of having to assemble their weapons while people were trying to kill them. It saw extensive use in Korea (where it obtained a significant hatedom due to its perceived lack of stopping powernote ) and was even used through to the end of Vietnam, as well as use by nearly every Western European military.note 

The M2 variant issued in Korea was full-auto, and the M3 version saw one of the world's first night sights (which was incredibly bulky, and that's not even including its primitive battery which was so large it had to be carried in a separate backpack and attached via cable). In addition to surplus rifles, very slightly modified versions were produced for civilian sales (the main difference being that the wood handguard is usually replaced by a perforated sheet metal one), which for a time were very popular as self-defense weapons.

  • Almost every WWII movie, ever. Usually seen anachronistically with post-war bayonet lug and upgraded sights, as M1 Carbines that escaped the upgrades are comparatively rare.
  • In Mob City, Joe Teague uses an M1 Carbine that he likely brought back from his service in World War II.
  • Indiana Jones (and various mooks) in Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull.
  • Charlton Heston in Planet of the Apes.
  • Almost everyone in The Green Berets who doesn't have an M16.
  • Infamously, was the weapon wielded by Patty Hearst, when she was brainwashed into aiding the Symbionese Liberation Army. Also, Ebony magazine published a famous photo of Malcolm X covering a window with one, when his split with the Nation of Islam turned nasty.
  • The original Call of Duty commonly features the M1A1 in its American campaign. As above, it is incorrectly fitted with post-war adjustable sights; given that video games aren't governed by real-life rarity, chances are the programmers simply hadn't seen the genuine WWII configuration. Call of Duty 2 switches to the original M1 with period-accurate sights and lack of a bayonet lug, though it's noticeably rarer this time, only a small handful of American soldiers carrying it over the Garand or BAR (and still called the M1A1 for some reason). It returns in World at War in the same form as in 2, including the incorrect name, and is even rarer than before - almost no appearances in singleplayer and is made the final unlock in multiplayer (except for those who preordered, who get a unique pre-set class that uses it until they prestige to get an extra custom slot). Interestingly, because of that late unlock, it is noticeably more powerful than all of the other semi-auto rifles available in that game, whereas in the original two games it was more in-line with its real-life power (killing in one or two hits at short range, but not able to beat the Springfield or Garand past a few feet).
  • The unnamed "Carbine" or "Huntsman" in BioShock Infinite appears to be based on the M1. It would normally be anachronistic within the game's 1912 setting, but the existence of interdimensional "tears" throughout Columbia explains its presence. Its high power and thicker magazine suggest that the Columbian version is chambered in something larger than .30 Carbine.
  • In The Zombie Survival Guide, the M1 is named as the best firearm to use against zombies, due to being short and light enough for indoor combat and on the run.
  • Added in the Blue Sun mod for 7.62 High Caliber. It doesn't appear very often and it faithfully replicates the gun's attributes: very light and fairly powerful at close range, but not a substitute for a proper battle rifle or assault rifle.
  • Return to Castle Wolfenstein features the M3 carbine, with the massive IR scope, as the "Snooper Rifle"; it's a silenced, far more powerful alternative to sticking a scope on the standard Kar98 or using the FG42, but it holds far less ammunition (15 bullets max, compared to 200 in reserve for the Kar98 and FG42) and you can't get more from dead enemies.
  • Men of War features the M1A1 Carbine carried exclusively by the US Airborne paratroopers, while a slightly anachronistic M2 Carbine model with 30 round magazines is issued to US Army Rangers.
  • Insurgency initially featured the WWII-era M1A1 paratrooper model as an antique Insurgent weapon. Following the Oct 2015 patch, the weapon model was replaced with a newer, post-WWII M1 Carbine model with full stock and updated adjustable rear-sightsnote , with an added option of using the M2's 30-round extended magazine.
  • Day of Infamy features both the M1 Carbine and M1A1 Paratrooper variants for the US Army, used by the Officer and Radioman classes, the former available in every map while the latter is only available in maps based on battles the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions participated in. While both are equipped with post-war sights, Officers can choose to equip the non-para version with period-accurate (and less cluttered) iron sights, alongside other options like slings and bayonets.
  • American Airborne troops make good use of this rifle in Company of Heroes, as well as a token member of a Rifleman or Rangers unit.
  • Remington-manufactured M2 Carbines are used by mooks in Dr. No. Quarrel uses one to fire at the Dragon tank and near the end, Bond takes out the guards' attack dogs with one. The M1 Carbine shows up in in You Only Live Twice as one of the many guns used by SPECTRE mooks.
  • Although it never shows up, a M1 carbine is listed among the many weapons Deadshot is lethal with in Suicide Squad, unique in that it is specifically named while the exact model of the other weapons are not given.
  • The "GI Sniper" skin for the McManus 2020 sniper rifle in Saints Row IV is an M1A1 with a foregrip, extended magazine, and bulky sniper scope attached, presumably meant as a Shout-Out to the weapons' appearance in Return to Castle Wolfenstein (especially considering one of its patterns refers to "death incarnate", the Wolfenstein series' perennial Harder Than Hard difficulty).
  • In Marvel Preview Issue #2, which presented the origin story of The Punisher, various disgruntled Vietnam veterans used scoped M1 Carbines to carry out assassinations. Frank Castle himself uses an custom M2 Carbine with a folding stock, ventilated barrel and foregrip as his primary weapon in Issue #201 of Amazing Spider-Man, which can be converted from firing .30 Carbine to rubber bullets with the flick of a dial. In Daredevil, Frank finds one in Colonel Schoonover's gun cage at the end of Episode 12.
  • Unusually for a Medal of Honor game, where Selective Historical Armory is in play, the M1 Carbine makes an appearance in Medal of Honor: Pacific Assault as one of two semi-automatic rifles in game, alongside the Garand.
  • Available in scoped configuration in Sniper Elite 4, mostly just for the sake of Gun Porn.

    M1903 Springfield 
The Springfield 1903 first saw action in the U.S military operations in the Philippines, Nicaragua, Dominican Republic and in General John "Black Jack" Pershing's deep penetration raids into Mexico, in pursuit of Pancho Villa. When World War I started, it was ready for war before the Doughboys were.
Chris Kyle, American Gun

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The M1903 Springfield rifle is a five-shot bolt action rifle that was used by all branches of the United States military. The rifle was developed in the aftermath of the Spanish-American War. There, U.S Army and Marines armed with a number of lever-action rifles, Springfield 'Trapdoor' rifles note  and the Krag-Jørgensen rifle were often outmatched in firepower by Spanish and Cuban soldiers armed with the Spanish-made Mauser M1893 long rifle. Specifically, two shortcomings in the Krag's design were that it lacked the ability to be quickly reloaded with a stripper clip and it could not load high-velocity ammunition without being damaged. Though modified versions of the Krag were tested in small numbers that got rid of the first shortcoming, and there was some room to strengthen the Krag actionnote , the U.S military knew they had to adopt a new rifle. Seeing an obviously superior weapon system in the Mauser, Springfield Armory did its best to recreate it by copying the Mauser almost wholesale apart from the furniture, exposed cocking piece, and down-turned bolt handle (a feature Mauser wouldn't adopt until the late 1920s). The result was the M1903 Springfield, chambered for the short-lived .30-03 and soon the .30-06 Springfield round that quickly replaced it, the latter would be the mainstay rifle round of the U.S Military until the formation of NATO. So similar to the Mauser 93 and 98 was the Springfield that Mauser Werke sued the U.S Government, who were forced to pay royalties to Mauser. In a fit of irony, the first notable engagement the rifle was used in was during World War I, used by United States Marines against German soldiers carrying Mausers. It proved to be reliable, accurate and much quicker to reload, much to the dismay of the Germans who were on the other end of it.note 

When WW2 broke out, the United States supplied Springfields to foreign powers as part of the Lend-Lease program, most notably Nationalist China and Free France, with the latter's army being reequipped with Springfields and M1917 Enfields in August 1943 by the Americans. The Springfield was also the service rifle of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force in Italy. The rifle was just being supplemented and eventually replaced with the M1 Garand when the Japanese struck at Pearl Harbor. During the first years of the Pacific Campaign and the U.S' entry into Northern Africa as part of Operation Torch, the Springfield was still the primary service rifle of the Marines and the Army until finally being (mostly) replaced by the Garand mid-way through the war. In 1942, production shifted to the M1903A3, which used cheaper stamped steel parts and a simplified but more practical rear sight.note  Production continued for the duration of the war for rear-line units (and initially for the Marines, until they too had enough Garands to go around), as the production lines for Springfields were incapable of manufacturing Garands or M1 Carbines without significant retooling that nobody had time for. Interestingly, two American generals, Omar Bradley and Joseph Stilwell, adored the Springfield and carried it when they had to visit the front lines. Bradley habitually kept the rifle in his jeep during campaigns in North Africa and Sicily, occasionally taking potshots at German planes. Although Bradley was an excellent shot, he did not manage to bring down any planes. Stilwell preferred to use a battered M1903 Springfield over a sidearm, and carried it throughout his time in the China-Burma-India theater.

The Springfield was not removed entirely from service, though. The most celebrated use for the Springfield was that of a sniper's rifle. Already an accurate and powerful rifle, many Springfields were modified to be more accurate and fitted with scopes as the M1903A4 (in the Army; the Marines used a different modification of existing M1903A1 rifles from their National Match target shooting team, adding a distinctive Unertl 8x power scope that was nearly 20 inches longnote  and without a new model number, for their snipers).

The Springfield sniper rifle saw service after its infantry rifle version was retired, seeing service in both World Wars, The Korean War and The Vietnam War (alongside the Winchester Model 70 in Marine Corps usage) until finally being replaced by more modern bolt-action rifles based on the Remington 700 and the M21 semi-automatic rifle. Original snipers can be distinguished from modern reproductions by the fact that the manufacturer and model number markets are offset slightly to the left and the serial number slightly to the right so that they remain fully visible with the scope mount in place, while when an M1903A3 is converted into a repro sniper they'll be partially covered by it.note  Today, the Springfield is a popular collector's item and surplus examples were and sometimes still are used as hunting rifles.
  • Cool Accessory: The Pedersen device was an experimental attachment developed during WWI that would allow the Springfield to fire a pistol cartridge in semi-automatic mode. Production started in 1918, but the war ended before any were sent to Europe. Most were destroyed, with the only survivors being sought after collector's items.
  • The Springfield rifle and the sniper variant has been seen in just about every WW2 film, television show and video game made featuring the American Military. Examples include: Call of Duty,note  The Pacific, Battlefield 1942, Battle of the Bulge, The Big Red One and Saving Private Ryan.
  • The Springfield is used frequently by the sailors of the U.S.S San Pablo in The Sand Pebbles.
  • Used in Far Cry 2 as the first sniper rifle the player encounters, and the first used by enemy snipers. For no readily apparent reason, all available M1903's are left-handed, fired by right-handed shooters, which is exactly as awkward as it sounds. They're also loaded by inserting the stripper clips into a hole underneath the receiver as if they're a regular magazine, which doesn't even try to make any sort of mechanical sense regarding how it chambers new rounds or manages to completely blow apart when its reliability reaches zero.
  • Used by the U.S Army after Kong in King Kong (2005) starts tearing through New York City.
  • The residents of the Hoovervile The Doctor visits as well as their leader Solomon try to fight off the Daleks with these rifles in the Doctor Who episode "Daleks In Manhattan". Not that it does them a bit of good.
  • Used by soldiers of the US and Mexican armies along with the main character Coffer in The Wild Bunch. Among the Mexican soldiers it was presumably a stand-in for Mexican Mausers, as in 1913 the United States wasn't exporting the M1903 to anybody.
  • Leon's first sniper rifle is a Springfield M1903 converted to .223 in Resident Evil 4.
  • Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth lets the player use this as a weapon, as well as Marsh's followers, U.S Marines and Coast Guardsmen. It's powerful enough to drop even a Deep One in one well-aimed shot.
  • A sporterized version is seen in the film A Boy and His Dog, used by Vic. It features a modified stock, peep sight and cut down barrel. Interestingly, this exact same rifle can be seen used by a man aiming from a rooftop in The Book of Eli as a sort of homage.
  • The Birdseye sniper rifle in BioShock Infinite is an M1903 with an assumed name, along with a few hybrid features from the Kar-98 and Lee-Enfield (the section of exposed barrel and the detachable box magazine, respectively).
  • Added in the Blue Sun mod for 7.62 High Caliber. It's like all other bolt-action rifles from the era: powerful and long range, but slow to fire and reload. Not to mention that the ammo is less common and more expensive.
  • Carried by Gary Cooper as Alvin York in Sergeant York, though incorrectly as the real York was issued an M1917 Enfield rifle. Cooper also has a Luger instead of a M1911 due to the difficulty in using blanks in a .45 ACP, handwaved by having a scene of York liberating it from a dead German.note 
  • In Men of War, the M1903 Springfield is commonly issued to US Army medics and (quite accurately,) US Marines in early Pacific skirmish maps, while the M1903A4 Scoped models are issued to US snipers.
  • US Snipers in Company of Heroes are also armed with the M1903 Springfield.
  • Appears in BloodRayne as the "Springbrook Rifle."
  • In The Lost Battalion almost every solider on the American side is seen carrying the M1903.
  • The M1903 appears in Battlefield 1 as a rifle for the Scout class. In addition to two variants with scopes, there is also a variant with a Pedersen device.
  • Appears towards the end of Letters from Iwo Jima, used by a Marine sniper who kills Lt. Fujita.
  • The M1903A4 is available in Sniper Elite 3 and Sniper Elite 4, it being Karl Fairburne's default rifle in the latter. Camouflaged versions are available via DLC.

    Mannlicher-Schönauer Full Stock Carbine 
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Although based on a military rifle designed for export and adopted by the Greek Army by 1906 (why the chronically underfunded Greek Army adopted a rifle that every other army regarded as too expensivenote  is unclear), this superb hunting bolt-action rifle-carbine had been built directly for the civilian market beginning in 1903.
It had a complex action with rotary magazine and split receiver and fired proprietary Mannlicher ammo, either 6.5x54mm (M1903), 8x56mm (M1908), 9x56mm (M1905) or 9x57mm (M1910), though non-proprietary chamberings like 7x57mm Mauser and .30-06 were eventually offered (the M1924 and M1956 came in nearly all common rifle chamberings of the era). It acquired a brilliant reputation as a hunting rifle either in the Alps, British Isles or Africa, fired by such figures as Ernest Hemingway and WDM "Karamojo" Bell and proving it could take even the largest African Elephant with a well-placed shot.
The action was the smoothest bolt-action in recorded history and the features that made the gun instantly recognizable also betrayed it as an "aristocratic" weapon: short length, full stock, very straight bolt operation, flat bolt handle and precise triggers (sometimes including a double trigger, with the front trigger being a "set trigger" than would set the main trigger to go off with only the slightest pull) told the gun has been aimed to be carried in a saddle sheath and used in hunting on horseback, like upper class hunters did. The full-length stock was so intrinsically linked to the Mannlicher-Schönauer carbine that even now, decades after it went out of production, such a stock is still referred to as "Mannlicher style" (even though Mannlicher himself had nothing to do with the stock design, it was more his protege Schönauer's doing).
It stood in production until 1972. Steyr-Mannlicher now offers a vaguely similar rifle, the "Mannlicher Classic," which mimics the style of the Mannlicher-Schönauer but replaces the rotary magazine with a less expensive but distinctly less cool detachable box magazine and simplifies the bolt design. The proprietary Mannlicher ammo was also abandoned, even the classic 6.5x54, much to the disappointment of more nostalgic shooters (who would seem to be the target audience of the rifle, leaving one to wonder what exactly Steyr is thinking).
  • In the TV show Ramar of the Jungle, Dr. Tom Reynolds carries a Mannlicher-Schönauer.
  • Amon Goeth uses a full-length barrel version to take potshots at his Jewish workers in Schindler's List (the Real Life Goeth had the ubiquitous Mauser 98k of the German Army).
  • British brigadier Lord Lovat uses one to lead his men onto Sword Beach in The Longest Day.
    • Interestingly enough, in real life, Lovat and all his men were issued American M1 Garands for that mission, to ensure that they had enough firepower to "hold until relieved".
  • Ernest Hemingway, who loved the M1903 and owned at least two of them, put it in the hands of some of his characters: Francis Macomber and his wife (The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber) and Thomas Hudson (Islands In The Stream).

    Martini-Henry Rifle 
A breech-loading, single-shot rifle firing a heavy black powder cartridge. It was used during the Zulu, Boer wars and World War I.
Description, Battlefield 1

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The quintessential rifle of 19th-century colonialism in certain parts of the world. The Martini-Henry rifle was introduced in 1871, which was one of the first rifles issued that was a breech-loading rifle rather than a muzzle-loaded weapon. It replaced the Snider-Enfield, which was also a breech-loaded weapon, though the Martini had a falling-block action and was initially designed as a breech-loader instead of being a conversion from a muzzle-loaded rifle. This allowed for a much quicker reload between shots in contrast to a muzzle-loaded weapon, being chambered with the .577/450 Martini-Henry Cartridge (though the rifle can accept different cartridges that were configured depending on who acquired the weapon). While this was the weapon of choice of the British Empire, the Ottoman Empire had managed to acquire several of these rifles for service. Over time, the rifle was phased out by more contemporary weapons, such as the Lee-Enfield or the Gewehr 98, which as bolt-action rifles allowed soldiers to fire multiple shots without having to reload frequently. The rifle barely saw some service in World War I, although the British Army had long since then replaced the rifle with the Lee-Enfield. The rifle was even used by Afghan partisans during the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan, which happened about a century after the rifle was introduced.

There also existed the Martini-Enfield rifle, which was retrofitted to use the .303 British cartridge that the Lee-Enfield was loaded with. Also there was the Greener Harpoon Gun, which was modified to fire a harpoon.

  • The most famous example of the rifle's use in any media would be Zulu, where the British soldiers used these to repel the Zulu warriors at Rorke's Drift. Even some of the Zulus used this rifle at some occasions. And in the actual battle, the Martini-Henry's good rate of fire was one of the key factors in deciding the British victory. That said, some extras in scenes like the volley fire drill end up using anachronistic Lee-Enfields instead, since while they acquired plenty of the rifles, they ended up burning through all the available blank cartridges for its obsolete caliber in the midst of production.
  • The Thuggee cult have this rifle in their possession in Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom.
  • Jaws had shown Quint in possession of the Greener Harpoon Gun.
  • The Jungle Book shows several British soldiers armed with this rifle, including Colonel Brydon. Buldeo and some of his men still use the Martini-Henry after the Time Skip when the British have replaced the rifle with the newer Lee-Enfield.
  • Although extremely outdated for the time period, the Martini-Henry shows up in Battlefield 1 as one of the most ridiculously overpowered rifles available, being able to down almost anything in one hit.
  • Danny and Peachy smuggled around twenty Martini-Henrys to arm their soldiers to take over Kafiristan in The Man Who Would Be King.

     MAS-36 
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The Weapon of Choice (rifle-wise) for Gauls With Grenades during the Second World War, alongside the long-obsolete Lebel mle. 1886 note  and the Berthier series of rifles, the MAS-36 is a bolt-action rifle chambered in the then-new 7.5x54mm French cartridge, produced by Manufacture d'Armes de Saint-Étienne (MAS, hence the name) and adopted in 1936 (hence the designation) by the French military. It is actually an amalgation of three contemporary military service rifles, having dirt-resistant rear locking lugs like the British SMLE/Lee-Enfield, down-turned bolt handle and "peep" sights like the British/American P'14/M1917 Enfield, and the five-round internal box-magazine like the German Gewehr 98. The result was an ugly and roughly made but immensely strong and reliable bolt-action rifle, seeing a long history of service in World War II and beyond.

In service, the MAS-36 was often given to front-line troops first, with reservists and rear-echelon troops being given the older Berthier or (again) the long-obsolete Lebel mle. 1886. When France fell in 1940, the Germans seized a large number of MAS-36 rifles, and gave them the designation Gewehr 242(f) note , using them as service rifles for their own garrison units based there, and later (as the war turned desperate for them), the Volkssturm. Many were taken to North Africa by the Free French army and continued to serve as their main battle rifle, alongside lend-lease Lee-Enfields, until August 1943 when they were reequipped with M1917 Enfields and M1903 Springfields. Others were used by Vichy French forces and the French Resistance.

Even after the war was over, the MAS-36 was still in extensive use by the French forces, most notably their Army and colonial defense forces during the postwar counter-insurgency operations, seeing service in the First Indochina War (which ended disastrously for the French) and the Suez Crisis; most notably, during the Suez Crisis, French paratroop marksmen of the 2ème RPC (Régiment de Parachutistes Coloniaux), employed telescope-sighted MAS-36 rifles to eliminate enemy snipers. While the MAS-36 became substitute standard when the semi-automatic MAS-49 below was introduced into French service in 1949, the bolt design of the MAS-36 still lives on in a dedicated sniper version of it, the FR F1 in the original 7.5mm French cartridge and later the FR F2 converted to 7.62mm NATO, the latter still seeing service to this day.
  • As one of the three standard French rifles during World War II (the other being the Lebel and the Berthier), the MAS-36 appears in media set during the era, either in France or one of it's colonies, most notably Vietnam.
  • Dunkirk, both the original 1958 movie and the 2017 remake, features this weapon in the hands of French troops.
  • Patton has this weapon in the hands of Moroccan soldiers, since it is set in Africa and Morocco was still a French colony during that time.
  • Appears in 7554, a Vietnamese first-person shooter, as the MAS 36 (no hyphen).
  • Battlefield 1942 adds this weapon in the Forgotten Hope mod.
  • Medal of Honor: Underground is an ambiguous case of the rifle's appearance; Vichy French Milice enemies use a rifle that looks the same as the normal Karabiner 98k but clearly has a different firing sound, meaning it is probably intended to be the MAS-36.
  • French troops use this rifle in Call of Duty 2: Big Red One. In single player, it's used by Vichy French troops in North Africa during "Baptism by Fire". In the multiplayer, it's used by both Vichy French and the Free French Forces, depending on the map you're playing on.
  • Sinon in the GGO arc of Sword Art Online started out using the FR F2 sniper rifle version, using it to slowly plink away at a tough boss from beyond its range until it finally died, netting her the bigger and better Hécate II as a reward.
  • Serious Sam 3: BFE uses the FR F2 as its version of the "RAPTOR 16mm Sniper Rifle", appearing only in secret areas in the main game and more regularly available in Jewel of the Nile.
  • Briefly seen being used by French troops in Dunkirk.

    Mauser Rifles 
A German bolt action rifle firing a very fast projectile, excellent for long range use.
Gewehr 98 description, Battlefield 1

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From top to bottom: Gewehr 98, Type 24, Karabiner 98k

A series of bolt action military rifles (the two most groundbreaking examples being the Gewehr 98 and the Karabiner 98k) first issued in 1871 and still in limited use today,note  the Mauser rifles have at one time or another been the standard infantry weapons of Germany, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Chile, Peru, Brazil, Argentina, Iran, Israel and many more. Mauser copies were also the standard infantry weapon of Nationalist China and even the United States (as the M1903 Springfield; the US actually paid royalties to Mauser until the Treaty of Versailles) and Britain. Their brief flirtation with replacing the Lee-Enfield came in the form of the Mauser-derived Pattern 1914 during World War I. The US also used this rifle, adapted to .30-06 as the M1917, alongside the M1903 during WW1,note  The Japanese Arisaka also drew heavily from the Mauser (though the bolt was internally rather different, the magazine and stripper clip system were a direct copy). Czechoslovakia and Belgium also made numerous Mauser 98 short rifle clones for export between the World Wars, when Germany was prohibited from making military weapons, and to a limited extent resumed this practice after World War II. A particularly widespread copy was the Czech vz.24, which became the standard infantry rifle for many countries, especially in Iran, who domestically produced their own copies of the rifle.

The Mauser design, although not as fast to operate as the Lee Enfield due to its cock-on-opening action, featured a third locking lug and was one of the strongest bolt-action designs of the time (allowing it to be chambered in huge big game hunting magnum rounds from the .300 Winchester Magnum to .577 African game calibers, which the Enfield and Mosin-Nagant would never be able to handle), and counts almost every current-production bolt-action rifle as a descendant. It wasn't until the Weatherby Mark V Magnums, with an insane nine locking lugs, entered the market in the late 1950s that the Mauser 98 was surpassed as the strongest bolt action design, and even then the abundance and lower price kept the Mauser on top sales-wise.

Very common on the military surplus market, and sporterized versions are a common European hunting weapon. And not uncommon as an American hunting weapon either, on account of large numbers having been brought back as war trophies; however, since there are multiple incompatible 7.92x57mm specifications, 8mm Mauser in the US is loaded to the lowest one as a precaution, putting it on par with a .30-30 versus the .30-06 power class of European loadings. The Mauser action is also commonly used in factory-built civilian hunting rifles.

The Gewehr 1898 is the correct model for WWI. It's identifiable by its high-profile rear sight, straight bolt handle, and the fact that it's ridiculously long (just over four feet). The Karabiner 98 also existed as a weapon for cavalry, artillery, and engineers, though it was a "carbine" only in the sense that it was (slightly) shorter than the G98. After WWI, the further-shortened Karabiner 98 Kurz, or "Carbine 98 Short," became the definitive version in German service. Like its predecessor, the Kar98K was a carbine in name only, and was comparable in length to an M1 Garand or SMLE. It also introduced a down-turned bolt handle, but since they were frequently re-arsenaled with old spare parts, many will still have the WWI-style straight handle.

The Chinese in particular have used Mauser rifles for a very long time. The Gewehr 1888 rifle was purchased and put to use by the Qing army, while the locally-produced Hanyang 88 won the Xinhai Revolution for Dr. Sun Yat-sen's forces and served as the service rifle of Communist China until 1946. However, the most famous is the Type 24 rifle, the main service rifle of Kuomintang forces during the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War. The Type 24 was a copy of the Kar98K's predecessor, the FN Mauser M1924 and was superior to the Japanese Type 38 Arisaka in stopping power, rate of fire, range and was shorter in length, although both rifles used a straight bolt handle. Interestingly, Kuomintang soldiers carried rifles featuring Chiang Kai-Shek's face carved into the stock. Type 24 rifles captured by Chinese Communist troops were redesignated the Type 79 and often had the ideograph of Chiang's profile defaced. After the Chinese Civil War ended in 1949, the PLA used the Type 79 in the first year of the Korean War, before phasing it out in favor of the Mosin-Nagant M44 and its Chinese copy, the Type 53. The PLA kept the Type 79 for ceremonial use, while others were given to commune militias and Red Guards. Other Type 24 rifles were given to the Viet Minh, who used them against the French in the First Indochina War.

  • Cool scope: The standard German scope reticle (seen on the top right of the picture) is most often associated with sniper versions of the Kar 98, and after the Dragunov's PSO-1 is probably the most recognizable rifle scope reticule in media.note  It consists of a horizontal bar with a break in the middle and a vertical one which goes from the bottom of the scope to the middle, with a triangular top. You'll often see a Cold Sniper staring down one of these in a World War 2 movie or a Mafia hit.
  • The Gewehr 98 and Karabiner 98k are iconic mook weapons for movies set during World War I or II. Somewhat less commonly, Gewehr 98's are seen as an IRA weapon in movies depicting the Irish Civil War (Truth in Television).
  • The World War II iterations of the Medal of Honor and Call of Duty video game series feature the 98k quite heavily.
  • Shirai, the female Chinese guerrilla sniper in My Way, uses a Karabiner 98k. A more historically accurate weapon would have been the Type 24-while Nationalist China imported Kar 98ks before 1937, by the time Shirai appears, all the German-trained Chinese divisions that would have been using the Kar 98k had been wiped out.
  • In Public Enemies, Christian Bale carries a Model 98 Sporter in 9.3x57mm Mauser.
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade features the Spanish Mauser, as well as the Czech vz. 24 model. The latter was commonly used by the real-life Nazis after they conquered Czechoslovakia; since it was the same length as the K98k and most of the parts were interchangeable, for once their infamous affinity for captured weapons didn't introduce another logistical nightmare.
  • The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor features the Chinese Type 24 (aka "Chiang Kai-Shek Rifle") in the hands of rogue Nationalist troops.
  • Remember how some Mausers are made for .577 Nitro? Quinn's rifle in Reign of Fire is an Ulriks Mauser T-Rex. if Quinn could shoot straight, they'd probably have less of a dragon problem.
  • The Blue Sun mod for 7.62 High Caliber adds the K98k among its many, many new additions. It tends to appear from the beginning of the game in the hands of low-level thugs and bandits, with a very high level of power offset by a slow rate of fire, low capacity, and sheer size and weight.
  • In Men of War, the Karabiner 98k model of the is the most commonly issued rifle for German infantry, while the Karabiner 98k Sniper Rifle is used by German sharpshooters.
  • The Legacy of the Glorious features a Spanish company making licensed copies of the Mauser 71, and then go on with self-designed improvements.
  • German Volksgrenadier and Grenadier Squads use the Karabiner 98k in Company of Heroes.
  • The Gewehr 98 appears in Battlefield 1 as a sniper rifle and a scopeless bolt-action rifle for the Scout class.
  • Major Li, the Chinese sniper in Flowers of War, uses a Type 24 when fighting the Japanese and during his last battle on the church rooftop.
  • The Gewehr 98 is used by practically every German soldier in Wonder Woman (2017).
  • 7554 features the Type 24 as an available primary weapon for the player, with possibly the quietest action of all the rifles available.
  • An unspecified Mauser rifle (implied to be a Model 1871/84) makes a surprise appearance in the Western comic book Tex Willer, carried by a Mauser travelling salesman. When the stagecoach he's traveling is attacked by a small band of Apache, Tex takes advantage of the Mauser's greater range to take out their chief and decimate them from outside their own guns' range (they were armed with Winchesters, that according to the salesman had less than a third of the Mauser's range. Even if he was exaggerating, the Mauser still had a far greater range).
  • The Kar98K appears in every game of the Sniper Elite franchise. Sniper Elite 4 also features a Swedish Mauser, likely the only one in gaming history.

    Mosin-Nagant 
A Russian-made bolt-action rifle. It originated as the main infantry rifle of Czarist Russia and saw considerable action in the Second World War as the "long spear" of Red Army snipers. It was also the preferred weapon of The End, the Cobra Unit's aged sniper.

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Top: Mosin-Nagant 91/30, Bottom: Mosin-Nagant M1944
Many classic military rifles are beautiful examples of master craftsmanship embodying form and function. The Mosin-Nagant didn't give much of a damn about the former. It's not pretty or refined, but it works. It has enough power to knock a man down a kilometer away, but one off the rack can usually only be trusted to at most 700yds. The action takes a bit of muscle, but there are few ways it can go wrong, all of which can be solved with a properly-applied boot. It's far from perfect, but it is good enough to still be competitive today.

The Russian analogue to Mauser-based designs,note  this 7.62x54mmR bolt-action rifle was originally designed by Sergei Ivanovich Mosin, with details taken from a competing design by Léon Nagant, first rolled out in 1891 and still seeing use today. It was replaced in Russia as a general issue weapon by SKS and later AK pattern weapons and as a sniper weapon by the SVD, though a handful remained in the active Soviet inventory long enough to see action as sniper/designated marksman rifles in Afghanistan in the 80s (an accurized Mosin-Nagant will outperform a SVD Dragunov in terms of long-range ballistics). Recent events in Ukraine prove Slavs still have a place for the old "garbage rod."

Known for its rugged construction, a "safety" that is non-intuitivenote  and unknown by most owners of the weapon.note  Firing the powerful 7.62x54mmR round (which is also still in use today), this rifle was used by the Russians in WWI as the M1891 long rifle, by the Soviets in WWII as the shortened 91/30 pictured above, and by both sides in the Russian Civil War and the Russo-Finish Winter War (the previous two leading to the gag that the rifle has "fought itself and won every time"; the Finnish version used 7.62x53mmR ammunition, though the difference was mainly just in name). Simo Häyhä himself used the Finnish Mosin-Nagant M28-30 for most of the war. The British and American expeditions to help the Whites during Red October also saw Tommies and Doughboys outfitted with Mosins, with some being made in America by Remington. The first Mosin order was even fulfilled by France and during the war, the American company Remington made them under contract from the Tsar. Many of these Mosins either went with the American Expeditionary Force or fell into National Guard and military academy hands, where they were mostly just used for practice and drill, until a little something called WW2 came to America's doorstep. When the Japanese encountered the National Guard, more than a few guardsmen were carrying Mosins.

China was also a major user of the Mosin, with the M1891 being bought by or supplied to warlord armies, as well as seeing use by the famed White Russian mercenaries, many whom arrived fresh from the civil war and brought crates of spare rifles with them. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the KMT's National Revolutionary Army received Mosins as part of Soviet aid. In the first year of The Korean War, the People's Volunteer Army initially used captured Japanese rifles converted to 7.92x57mm Mauser alongside locally-produced Mauser rifles, which they had used to win the Chinese Civil War with, to fight the South Korean and UN forces. Once the Soviets began giving them lend-lease aid, the PVA briefly used the 91/30, the North Korean service rifle back then. Eventually the PVA and the PLA adopted the Mosin-Nagant M44 carbine. After the war, they copied the M44 as the Type 53, many which were later sent to the Viet Cong.

And during the Spanish Civil War, the Republicans were provided with huge quantities of Mosins from the USSR, their main source of foreign aid, with both the famous 91/30 and the 1891 long rifle being exported to Spain. The Mosin was used heavily by the Second Spanish Republic's Popular Army and famously served as the primary service rifle of the International Brigades, who nicknamed the Remington-manufactured M1891s "Mexicanskis" due to some arriving wrapped in Mexico City newspapersnote  Spanish-marked Mosin-Nagants can be occasionally found on the market, with Spanish lettering and added wire sling hangers to fit European rifle slings being typical features of Spanish Civil War-era Mosins.

Poland also produced a very unique and cool copy in the form of the Karabinek wz.91, which involved converting a M1891 long rifle to 7.92mm Mauser, shortening the rifle by 20cm, modifying the sights, replacing the spike bayonet with a new mounting for Polish/German bayonets, modifying the bolt and shortening the firing pin. Mosins were also supplied to every Warsaw Pact member after WW2.

Said to be the weapon of legendary snipers like Vasily Zaitsev, Ivan Sidorenko and Simo Häyhä, the latter credited with 505 confirmed kills with the Finnish M28 variant. A massive number of these rifles were made (over 37 million have been produced overall, and 17 million just from the 91/30 variant — only the AK has higher production numbers), and many were packed up by the Soviets to prepare for World War III. When that never came, the crates were bought up by Americans and the rifle is now extremely common on the surplus market for just a couple hundred dollars or even less, though prices of the carbine versions have spiked to around $400.

As a result, the Mosin and its foreign copies have become extremely famous in America and obtained a significant fandom there, well-liked for its low cost, availability of ammunition, historical value and ruggedness, performing well as a cheap target or hunting rifle. The Mosin has become popular enough to have various accessories manufactured for it, such as detachable 10 to 30-round magazines, scope mounts and custom triggers.

Finnish Mosins tend to be more expensive than the Russian versions, and there are also a variety of rare variations (like the Russian M1907 and Finnish M27Rv cavalry carbines, probably the two rarest of all) that most people will never see outside of pictures or a museum. One particularly unusual, ultra-rare and totally unofficial variant was the "Obrez" pistol, a Mosin-Nagant with the stock and most of the barrel sawed off to form a highly concealable but dubiously practical weapon, which are known to have been used to some extent during the Russian Revolution.note 

  • Cool Accessory: The M1944 and M91/59, as well as the Chinese Type 53, all feature a side-folding spike bayonet that is permanently attached to the rifle. The iconic spike bayonet of the M1891 and 91/30 also counts.
  • Most movies and videogames that feature the Soviet Union during World War 2 will feature the Mosin-Nagant. Often also a first choice weapon for Cold Sniper characters, sometimes to emphasize their distrust of modern technology.
  • Famously unbalanced as a sniper weapon in the original Call of Duty due to being the only scoped rifle to reload with a stripper clip (in real life, or even with every other bolt-action sniper weapon in the game, the scope placement prevented this). Even the basic rifle had the best iron sight in the game.
  • Has a big role in Enemy at the Gates. Naturally, since the movie is about Vasily Zaitsev.
  • The sniper rifle used by The End in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater is a modified Nagant with a pistol grip and folding stock, modified to fire tranquilizer rounds.
  • One of the first rifles available in 7.62 High Calibre. It's very powerful and accurate, even compared to later rifles, but features a very long refire time (1.8 seconds in a game where less than 1 second is the standard) and an equally long reload time, to reflect the bolt-action nature of the gun. Also available in the Mosin-Nagant 1944 Carbine, with permanently attached bayonet, and the unbelievably common Sawed-Off Mosin-Nagant 1944, which is Exactly What It Says on the Tin (and also less powerful and less accurate, while being just as slow-firing and slow-reloading).
  • Extremely common weapon for the Soviet forces in the Red Orchestra games. Standard riflemen also have the option of the shorter M38 or M44 carbines, while snipers can use a scoped version.
  • Appears in PAYDAY 2 with the Gage Historical Pack DLC, as simply the "Nagant". The model appears as the slightly shorter M1907 carbine by default, with the alternate barrel lengths turning it into the even shorter M38 carbine or the full-length M91/30. It's also the first sniper rifle added to the game that can be fitted with iron sights in place of a scope, and the first weapon that can accept a bayonet to increase melee damage when using regular Pistol-Whipping.
  • In Men of War, the M91/30 model is the most commonly used rifle for Soviet infantry, while a sniper version of the gun comes attached with a PU scope.
  • Appears in the DayZ Standalone. Since it is the only weapon currently in the game that can mount a long-range optic, it is the closest thing the game has to a true sniper rifle. This, and its relative commonality make it a popular choice for PvP.
  • Ghost Recon: Future Soldier features one with modernized features as the "MN91/30" in a pre-order bonus, available to Bodark scouts as their equivalent to the Ghosts' M40A5 from the same pack. It returns in Ghost Recon Wildlands with an Archangel Manufacturing stock and an extended, detachable magazine as the "M1891."
  • Commonly seen in the hands of Soviet conscripts in Company of Heroes 2, with Sniper Teams using the scoped version of the rifle.
  • While serving in the Spanish civil war, George Orwell managed to examine a fresh Mosin-Nagant from an Assault Guardsman, which he names the "Russian rifle". Although he notes that the rifle was far from perfect, he describes them as vastly superior to the Spanish Mauser M1893 long rifles, which he labels "old blunderbusses".
  • The Obrez is one weapon available in the standalone version of DayZ.
  • Battlefield 1 is set to introduce both the Mosin-Nagant and the sawed-off Obrez in the In the Name of the Tsar DLC.
  • Project Reality features the Mosin-Nagant and the Obrez for the African Resistance, Taliban and Iraqi Insurgency factions.
  • The Finnish M/39 variant shows up in the hands of Finland's weapons-teams in Wargame: Red Dragon

    Muzzleloading Muskets and Rifles 
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Top: Brown Bess flintlock musket, Bottom: Pattern 1853 Enfield caplock musket
These were the Ur-Example of rifles or, more generally, guns in general. A muzzleloader is Exactly What It Says on the Tin. To load one, one must put gunpowder and a lead ball down the barrel.

There are three basic types of muzzleloaders. The first was the matchlock. In this, the shooter lit a slow-burning piece of rope attached to the hammer, which ignited the powder when the trigger was pulled. The second was the flintlock. This action had a small peice of flint (hence the name) hitting what's called a "frizzen", which produced a spark to set off the powder. Finally, there was the caplock. Developed in the 1820's, this mechanism used small copper cups called "percussion caps," which had a small charge which ignited the powder.

Muzzleloaders were the only types of guns for centuries. Matchlocks stopped being used in the 16th century when wheellocks were pioneered; flintlocks declined in the 19th once bolt and lever-action repeaters became widespread. However, muzzleloaders in general are still used by some hunters.

  • Uncool Drawback: Matchlocks and flintlocks are notoriously unreliable in bad weather, to the point where they wouldn't fire at all, or worse, cause "hangfires," where the powder is burning yet has not yet set off the main charge. This might lead to some accidents. The percussion mechanism solved this issue.
  • Expect these to appear in any movie set during The American Revolution or The American Civil War, plus films showing the early days of the British Empire. Matchlock muskets may also show up in works set in Feudal Japan.
  • Appears in Assassin's Creed from the third game onwards.
  • Used in Age of Empires III.
  • Pattern 1853 Enfield muskets are used by many of the Vulvalini in Mad Max: Fury Road.
  • The Tanegashima, a Japanese copy of a Portuguese matchlock arquebusnote  features as a secret Joke Weapon in Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots and Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker. It's difficult to obtain, note  weak, only holds a single round at a time, takes longer than anything else in the game to reload, and forces the player to stand up to do so. However, every shot that connects with an enemy in an outdoors area has a one in three chance of summoning a gigantic tornado, throwing everybody in the vicinity into the air and scattering tons of items for you to collect.
  • A Jezail Musket is one of the rifles the Sniper can have in Team Fortress 2 as the "Bazaar Bargain". It's been modified to be a bolt-action rifle with a magnifying scope and laser pointer.
  • A musket loaded with saboted rounds is used by Roberta in Black Lagoon.

     P' 14 Enfield/ M1917 US Enfield 
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After the rather harrowing experience of their soldiers in the Boer War, the British Army took a hard look at their issued small arms and came to the (incorrect—see the Lee-Enfield entry above) conclusion that their No.1 Mk III SMLE rifles were inferior to the German-made Mausers used by the Boers, therefore the Empire's men should be equipped with Mausers. Of course, being British, they weren't about to just buy them off the Germans like everybody else. And there was also the matter of those pesky patent laws, as the Americans found out the hard way when Mauser Werke sued the US Government over the M1903 rifle. So the only solution was to build a better Mauser, without using anything Paul Mauser would recognize as his own.

By 1914 they had come up with something that was basically a Mauser/SMLE hybrid: a Mauser-style bolt and 5-round charger-loaded internal-box magazine with an Enfield-style safety (on the opposite side of the receiver compared to the SMLE) and a cock-on-closing mechanism with a new and greatly improved sight, chambered in .303 British. This rifle was officially adopted as the Pattern-1914. There was just one small complication: the UK was now embroiled in a major conflict with the Germans, Austrians, and Turks, and the Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield was too busy turning out desperately-needed SMLEs to retool their production line. Thus, the P'14 was outsourced to the United States, with Winchester, Remington, and Remington's subsidiary Eddystone contracted for production. The new rifle was rugged and accurate, if a bit on the hefty side, and was well-liked. It saw some frontline use in the Great War, but was relegated to the Home Guard afterwards, as the SMLE was available in much greater numbers and had proven itself to be a fine rifle.

When America entered the war in 1917, the Army realized that it couldn't get its hands on enough M1903s to equip the Doughboys shipping out to France with existing production capability. Remington, Winchester, and Eddystone had just completed their P'14 contracts, but would need months to retool their factories for the '03. A quick test proved that the P'14, designed for the rimmed .303 British cartridge, could be rechambered for rimless US .30-06 Springfield ammo with minimal modification. With that, and a rear sight calibrated to .30-06, the US Rifle, Caliber .30, M1917 was born. The "US Enfield" had a few teething problems (Winchester let their quality control lapse a bit early on), but these were quickly corrected and the M1917 became the most common American weapon on the Western Front. It was prized for its exceptional accuracy, and the cock-on-closing mechanism cycled more smoothly than even the Springfield's excellent bolt, but it was longer and heavier than the Springfield. Famously, the M1917 Enfield was initially used by Sergeant Alvin York to take down German machine gunners in the battle that earned him the Medal of Honor.

Like its British cousin, the M1917 was mostly relegated to rear-line use after the war, as it had only been adopted in the first place as a stopgap weapon. Some were issued to the Philippine Army and saw action against the Japanese, while others were given to the Free French army in 1943. A large number of them were sent to England under Lend-Lease to equip the British Home Guard in WWII. These had a red stripe painted on the stock to differentiate them from .303 P'14s. The M1917 was also the most common Lend-Lease rifle provided to Nationalist China, especially for use by the American equipped and trained units in Burma, that later became the New 1st Army. As the M1917 itself was quite long and heavy, it was shortened for the Chinese soldiers, who tended to be of smaller stature than their American allies. The shortened rifle was also more suitable for close-quarters fighting in the jungle. When the civil war broke out in 1946, the New 1st Army soldiers continued to use their M1917s, while others were distributed to various KMT forces. Some were captured by the PLA and continued to see use after the civil war until the standardization of Soviet-based equipment began in the 1950s, in which case the M1917s were given to rural militias, Red Guards or simply put in storage. A few M1917s made their way to French Indochina, where they were used by the Viet Minh.

The entire inventory of M1917 rifles (minus those still held by the Philippine Army, and those kept by the Chinese) was declared surplus in 1946. Many were chopped down and sporterized, becoming quite popular as cheap deer rifles in the 50s and 60s. Today it's actually surprisingly difficult to find a US Enfield in "GI" condition, with unmodified rifles fetching $1000 or more as collectibles.

  • If you see a movie about US troops in WWI (not nearly as common as movies about the British or French in WWI), there's about a 50/50 chance they will carry M1917s instead of M1903s.
  • The titular hero of the Crocodile Dundee movies favors a sporterized P-1914.
  • In The Untouchables, the Canadian Mounties who assist Ness's team in the border ambush are armed with P'14 rifles.
  • Army personnel on the streets of Manhattan in the third act of King Kong (2005) carry a mix of M1917s and M1903s, plus at least one BAR.
  • An M1917 is used by Chalky White in Boardwalk Empire.
  • A posse/militiaman has an M1917 in Night of the Living Dead (1968).
  • A scoped .30-06 M1917 Enfield is used by Charlie in Wonder Woman (2017), which is an odd choice considering that the P'14 Enfield was popular with British snipers and used the same .303 ammunition as the British battalion Steve's mercs serve with.
  • Verdun gives the Snipers and Observers of the Scottish Highlanders the P'14 Rifle, with a scope for the former. British Riflemen also have this rifle for their initial loadout.
  • Karl Fairburne can equip a scoped M1917 in Sniper Elite 3.

     Ruger Mini-14 
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First introduced in 1973, the Ruger Mini-14 is a semi-automatic rifle, so named because it resembled a miniaturized version of the M14. Designed to be simple, reliable, and affordable, the rifle was and still is popular among civilians and law enforcement. It achieved the height of its popularity in the civilian market in The '90s due to loopholes in the Assault Weapons Ban of 1994 (namely, it lacked many of the "military-style" features that were targeted by the law) making it one of the easiest semi-automatic rifles to acquire; the expiration of that law in 2004 has seen the AR-15 and similar rifles gradually begin to overtake it in the civilian market, though the Mini-14 is still a widely used rifle in rural areas or areas that restrict the sale of the AR-15 and similar rifles. Early models gave it a reputation of poor accuracy that continues to haunt it to this day, though later models (beginning with serial numbers 580-x from 2005 onwards) addressed this flaw with modifications to the barrel and manufacturing process.

The Mini-14 is a common sight in films and television shows of the 1980's and 90's. The rifle was a favorite of film armorers (who referred to the Mini-14 as "The Jamless Wonder") as the feed system happened to cycle blank cartridges without issue, which were problematic in other 5.56mm rifles at the time.

The weapon has many different variants, including the select-fire AC-556, and is chambered in several calibers, most prominently the .223/5.56x45mm and 7.62x39mm (the latter designated the Mini-30). It also comes with a variety of accessories, including folding and bullpup stocks, the latter of which is often used to give the rifle a futuristic appearance in sci-fi films.

  • The Mini-14 is well-known as the primary rifle of The A-Team, though they seem to have trouble actually hitting anyone with them.
  • One is used by Ken in A Fish Called Wanda.
  • Twice in the Grand Theft Auto series.
    • A short-barreled Mini-14F appears in Grand Theft Auto: Vice City, as a reference to The A-Team.
    • Grand Theft Auto V features the Mini-30 with an aftermarket chassis making it resemble the M39 Enhanced Marksman Rifle, as, well, the "Marksman Rifle". Originally implemented in the "Last Team Standing" DLC, the gun can be unlocked in the next-gen version after the Paleto Score. In game, it's classified as a sniper rifle, though it lacks the ability to zoom in with the scope in return for a faster rate of fire, a larger magazine (8 by default, able to be doubled to 16) and, before an update gave them all that ability, the ability to move around while scoped in.
  • A scoped and suppressed version appears as George Clooney's main weapon in The American.
  • A scoped version appears as the "Hunting Rifle" in Left 4 Dead and its sequel.
  • The Morita Mk I rifles in Starship Troopers are based on Mini-14s in Muzzelite MZ14 bullpup stocks. They also have an under-barrel Ithaca 37 shotgun attachment that packs more heat with one or two shots than a five-person squad unloading their mags on a bug. Private Watkins has a scoped variant, and a shorter carbine variant without the underbarrel shotgun also shows up a few times.
  • The Mini-30 shows up in Max Payne 3, with a folding stock and the option of a scope and a Laser Sight. By default it has a 10-round magazine, but the golden variant gives it an AK-sized 20-round mag.
  • Appears in the "Breakout" level of Kane and Lynch: Dead Men, with a five-round magazine offset by incredible accuracy and power. Sadly, it doesn't reappear for the spike in difficulty after that level.
  • Guards at the bank in the Panama level of Splinter Cell: Chaos Theory use the AC-556.
  • Both the Mini-14 and Mini-30 show up in Uncharted 4: A Thief's End, the former with an aftermarket chassis and an Aimpoint CompM2 red dot sight as the "Copperhead SR7", the latter with the regular stock given a camo paint scheme and an ACOG as the "Mettler M-30".
  • The M590 assault rifle in Space: Above and Beyond was a Mini-14 in a custom shell.
  • Cutscenes in Command & Conquer: Tiberian Sun also make use of the same M590 props from above as the more common model for GDI's version of the M16 Mk. II pulse rifle (the rarer one being the M41A from Aliens).

    Sharps Rifle 
"Ah-ha. The legendary Sharps."
Elliot Marston, Quigley Down Under

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The .52 Sharps series of rifles was one of the most prolific rifle types of the 1800's, and arguably the most popular rifle in use in the Wild West before the invention of lever-action rifles like the Henry repeater. The Sharps rifle is a breach-loading falling-block rifle firing a single cartridge, at first paper cartridges but later versions used brass cartridges. First developed in the late 1840's, the Sharps rifle saw a long career in a number of roles. The military rifle was the weapon of choice for U.S Sharpshooters in the American Civil War and the carbine version was extremely popular on both sides of the conflict.note  Meanwhile, the civilian versions gained a reputation as being powerful and accurate hunting rifles, with some going so far as to say that the Sharps rifle was the cause of the near-extinction of the North American bison (hence the nickname "the buffalo gun"). The Sharps rifle is thus an iconic firearm of the Old West, though these days somewhat overshadowed by the later Winchester Lever-Action rifle and Colt Single Action Army revolver.

  • Cool Accessory: During the Civil War, the Sharps Rifle Company developed a version with a coffee grinder in the stock for grinding coffee in the field. However, these were not produced for very long and are now days extremely rare and valuable.
  • The Sharps 1863 Carbine shows up several times in Dances with Wolves.
  • A Sharps 1874 is used by The Man With No Name to shoot the rope Tuco is hanging from in the graveyard in The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. It travels back in time about a decade or so to get in his hands.
  • One of the most popularly depicted of the Sharps rifles is the 1874 Long Range. It appears in several movies including Quigley Down Under, Legends of the Fall, Up and Wyatt Earp. It also appeared in the television series Lonesome Dove and two video games, GUN and Red Dead Redemption. The "Quigley" rifle was provided by Ace Custom manufacturer Shiloh Sharps, who offers modern-day hand built variants for about $3000.
  • In Sons of Guns, Will starts getting a bit giddy when someone brings in a Sharps Carbine with a coffee grinder stock. It turns out to be a far-less valuable reproduction.
  • The Sharps 1874 Cavalry rifle shows up in both the original True Grit and the remake as the Weapon of Choice for Le Beouf. He displays an uncanny accuracy with it throughout both films.
  • Appears in Call of Juarez: Bound in Blood as the "Heavy Rifle."
  • A Sharps 1874 can be used in Gun as the first of the game's two Sniper Rifles. Clay gives it to Colton to fend off Macgruder's assault on the rebel HQ.
  • The Sharps is often featured in Tex Willer, usually referred as the Buffalo Gun and in the hands of buffalo hunters or bandits that prefer the longer range and/or greater power to a Winchester's rate of fire. In one of its most memorable appearances, a sniper was using it to fight Tex from beyond the range of our hero's Winchester, only for Tex to apply Real Life sniper doctrine and shoot the sniper from the limit of the Sharp's range by shooting above him.

    SKS 
Millions of SKS rifles were produced originally for the Soviet Army in 1945 and in China as the Type 56. The SKS is a popular rifle with civilian shooters, and can still be found in a number of arsenals around the world. A number of aftermarket upgrades are available for the SKS.
Battlelog Description, Battlefield 3

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The Simonov SKS was designed and fielded in the last days of World War 2. Firing the intermediate 7.62x39mm round (which is known for being the same caliber used by the AK-47), it was soon replaced by AK pattern weapons and ultimately forgotten in the Soviet Union. It went on to have quite a long career in the People's Republic of China, the Democratic Peoples' Republic of North Korea, the Democratic (later Socialist) Republic of Vietnam and numerous other former Soviet client states, and it is still quite a popular gun around the world today. Visually, it is very similar to the SVT-40 (actually based on a down-scaled version of the PTRS anti-tank rifle), although not quite as pretty, a good bit more robust (slightly heavier), and 8 inches shorter. The SKS features a fixed magazine with a capacity of 10 rounds which can be filled either by clips, or one at a time. The SKS is slightly more powerful and accurate than the AK because it features a longer barrel and better sights.note  Most have bayonets that fold underneath the barrel, or at least originally did; some (especially from China) had the bayonet removed prior to import.

When the Communist Bloc fell, all of a sudden, it was suddenly available for very cheap with crates of Soviet and Chinese ammunition (Soviet variants qualified for "Curio and Relic" status, as do Yugoslavian ones,note  along with the ultra-rare East Germannote , North Korean and Vietnamese versions, which bypassed some restrictions on account of being brought home as war trophies), and the fixed magazine meant that they were not at all affected under the Clinton Assault Weapons Ban of 1994) (which when it came to rifles only dealt with those with a detachable magazine), and a large number of people found that the ballistics matched up nicely with those of the .30-30 Winchester 1894 (the "poor man's deer rifle" of the previous century). Frequently susceptible to being "bubba'd" with optical sights (Scoped SKS'es served as urban marksmen rifles in the Bosnian War, but lackadaisical beyond that role), "tactical" accessories (or "tacticool", as some disparagingly call them; these include jam-happy aftermarket detachable magazines) and camo paint. Now it's a favorite of both hunters, as well as mall ninjas on too low a budget for an AR-15. It is also a moderately popular choice of Home Defense weapon, being easy to use, easy to bring to bear, and firing a relatively more powerful round than handguns, shotgun pellets, and the AR-15 (and a round that's readily available at a low price).

However, the popularity of the SKS in the United States has recently started to fall off for a number of reasons. The first and most important reason is simply that the supply of military surplus rifles is starting to dry up, which is not helped at all by continued firearms import restrictions against both Russia and China, which pretty much just leaves former Yugoslavian SKS rifles to fill the void and ends up driving up prices to around the $400-600 range. Compare that to the bargain bin sub-$100 prices for SKS rifles in the 1990s, and it's clear to see inflation taking its toll on the SKS market. Another very important factor is the development and spread of new manufacturing techniques in America that have driven down the costs of polymer construction (specifically, 3D printing), resulting in an explosion of supply in the AR-15 market as many arms manufacturers rolled out variants of said rifle. A prospective American buyer in The New '10s now has to consider the fact that he or she could buy (or even construct from commercially available parts) an AR-15 rifle for the same or slightly higher cost than buying an SKS.

On the other hand, the SKS can still be found for cheap in Canada, which never enacted import restrictions against China and is thus still flush with Chinese surplus rifles.

  • Cool Action: One of the last rifles designed to feed from stripper clips, thus it is designed so that the chamber and the open end of the magazine are clearly visible and reachable when it locks open on empty. If the operator needs to reload with a partial magazine, he would pull the magazine latch allowing it to swing open and drop all the cartridges, close it, and pull the bolt back. Having a dump pouch for those falling cartridges and then being able to be loaded with said loose cartridges one by one makes it ideal for ammo-shortage scenarios. Also helps when the Chinese issued low profile chest-rigs that carry 200 rounds of ammo on stripper clips in 10 pouches, you could theoretically wear two to three of them depending on your shoulder strength for a total of four- to six-hundred rounds on your chest! This can be achieved because stripper clips are lighter than stamped metal magazines. The Czechoslovakian VZ. 58 assault rifle can also be fed via stripper clips alongside detachable proprietary magazines (AK mags won't fit) but lacks the capacity to quickly unload the cartridges in the magazine into a dump pouch.
  • Rebels in Tropic Thunder.
  • NVA forces in We Were Soldiers, Born on the Fourth of July, and many more movies set in Vietnam (Truth in Television, as the design was exported to nearly all Communist nations).
  • Afghan villagers in Rambo III.
  • A very good long-range rifle in 7.62 High Calibre, including permanently attached bayonet. In keeping with the Gun Porn styling, you can also get the Type 63 and Type 84 carbines (which use detachable AK magazines, a godsend in a game with no stripper clips for reloads) and the Zastava LK M59/66, which is unique among SKS clones in being capable of fitting a sniper scope.
  • Several variants of the SKS have been seen in the Battlefield series:
    • In Battlefield: Vietnam, the Type-56 Carbine appears as the standard NVA or Viet Cong rifle, utilizing the stripper clip method of reloading.
    • The popular Battlefield 2 Game Mod Project Reality has the SKS in the hands of the Iraqi Insurgents, Taliban and Chechen Militia forces.
    • A Yugoslavian variation (based on the appearance of the front sight and default muzzle device) appears in Battlefield 3's multiplayer mode as a mid-range sniper rifle, the first semi-auto option for the Recon class after the starting Mk 11 and SVD and the first unlockable SV-98, equipped with just about every single one of the aforementioned "bubba" accessories. Perhaps nodding to reality, it's better for close- to mid-range combat than longer ranges with high close-range damage and a decent fire-rate cap allowing it to compete with assault rifles and carbines. Battlefield 4 features the same weapon again.
  • Appears in the DayZ standalone. It is one of the better non modern military weapons, able to mount a medium range PU scope and can kill in 1-2 hits anywhere on the body. Arguably its most useful feature is the fact that it does not need a magazine to fully load it.
  • A favored weapon of Imperator Furiosa in Mad Max: Fury Road, this one modified with a large scope and an extra block of wood under the forestock to accommodate her mechanical left arm.
  • In a rare instance of the rifle appearing during WWII, Men of War features an early model of the SKS in the hands of Soviet Red Guardsmen and Spetznaz troops. Truth in Television, as the rifle was developed in 1944 and had documented field-tests during the Soviet's last push into Germany.note 
  • Nicknamed the "Simonov carbine" in The Things They Carried as one of the weapons that O'Brien's platoon used in combat, possibly captured or looted from dead Viet Cong.
  • Used by NKVD troops in their attempt to execute Mr. Piver in Episode 34 of Monty Python's Flying Circus.

    Spencer repeating rifle 
Handling this replica or a replica even today, you can sense the careful smithing as soon as you pick it up. It has weight to it, and when you move the trigger guard down, the smooth action of the metal components, all expertly fitted, reminds you of a fine watch.
Chris Kyle, American Gun

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One of the first repeating rifles, the Spencer was originally designed in 1860 as an infantry weapon for the US Army, where it saw some use by Union troops in the Civil War (but was still mostly outnumbered by the cheaper single shot muskets the Army already had) but it saw new life in the old west, predating and being cheaper than the more famous Winchester lever-action rifles. Chambered in .56 Spencer rimfire, the gun was unique in that the hammer had to be cocked manually between shots, as the lever action didn't operate the hammer like the Winchesters or Henry rifles did. Nevertheless, the rifle was well-machined and fitted, reliable under combat conditions and skilled users could maintain a rate of 14-20 rounds per minute, which gave Union sharpshooters a strong advantage when attacking Confederates armed with slower muskets.

    Winchester lever-action rifle 
"There is but one answer to terrorism and it is best delivered with a Winchester rifle."
Theodore Roosevelt, on dealing with terrorists

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AKA "The Gun That Won the West", the Winchesternote  is the quintessential lever-action rifle seen in numerous westerns. In real life, the unique design was for its main utility as a horseback gun; the shorter barrel and the repeating lever made it easier for horseback soldiers to fire off of a speeding horse. While The Wild West is long gone, the Winchester rifle and its lever-action cousins are still used today for hunting. The Winchester Model 1894 is the American deer rifle, and remained in production through 2006, then was brought back into limited-edition production in 2011. The competing Marlin Model 1894 and Model 336 remain in full production to this day.

In movies, the model in question will almost always be the Model 1892 carbine, due to it having been in production during The Golden Age of Hollywood and looking similar enough to stand in for its predecessors, as well as the ubiquity of the "Five-in-One" blank cartridge that could be chambered and fired in three different calibers of revolver (.38-40 Winchester, .44-40 Winchester and .45 Colt) and two calibers of lever-action rifles (.38-40 and .44-40; rifles chambered in .45 Colt wouldn't exist until decades later). For modern plastic versions of the Five-in-One blank, it's an Artifact Title, with .44 Special or Magnum revolvers and rifles and .410 shotguns make it closer to ten-in-one nowadays. A Model 1866 (with a brass or "yellowboy" receiver) will often have the forestock removed and do double duty as a Civil War-era Henry rifle (the original Winchester levergun, named after the head of Winchester's design team), as until recent reproductions came onto the scene, the "Yellowboy" Winchester was much more readily available.

  • Cool Action: As with the Winchester 1887 shotgun, spin-cocking it is very common in fiction. Don't Try This at Home for the same reasons as with the 1887 — you will break your fingers.
  • On the subject of trivia not entirely related to the weapon: Computer hard disks were referred to as "Winchesters" in the 1970s and 1980s. The original IBM designation for their first hard disk drive was 30-30, which is the same as the .30-30 Winchester round developed for the 1894. The name still persists in several programming languages for a hard disk drive.
  • Name a Western, any Western.
  • Lord Bowler in The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr. uses a sawn-off version commonly called a "Mare's Leg," identical to the one used by Steve McQueen in Wanted: Dead or Alive.
  • In For a Few Dollars More and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, Clint Eastwood's character carries a "Hollywood Henry" (a 1866 Winchester modified as mentioned above).
  • Namegiver of and found in a bar in Shaun of the Dead.
  • Tom Selleck uses a rarely-seen Model 1876 Centennial .45-60 with a military-style handguard as his Weapon of Choice in Crossfire Trail
  • Vincent can use three Winchester rifles in Final Fantasy VII. In addition to a standard Winchester Model 1894, he has access to a "Mare's Leg" version called the "Shortbarrel", and the "Sniper CR" which is simply the Shortbarrel with a sniper scope attached.
  • Harry Dresden carries one on the cover of Cold Days.
  • Shows up in Fallout: New Vegas as the "Cowboy Repeater", rechambered for .357 Magnum, making it a valuable early-game long arm so long as you didn't waste your stock of .357 trying to fire it from the strangely-useless Ruger Blackhawk.
  • The Model 1894 appears in Killing Floor as the "Lever-Action Rifle", where it is incredibly cheap, very useful with its high power per-shot (about equivalent to the Commando's SCAR-H), easy to aim at short- to mid-range (the model uses a rear-tang peep sight), and is one of the few weapons that can be topped up quickly and easily. As of the Sharpshooter update it's available in Killing Floor 2 as well, using the standard sights but otherwise having similar characteristics. The 2017 Summer Sideshow added the similar Mossberg 464 SPX Centerfire, a modernized .30-30 lever-action rifle that can fit AR-15 stocks and sights, fitted with a red dot scope and having higher power than the Winchester to act as an alternative Tier 2 weapon for the Sharpshooter.
  • Added in the Blue Sun mod for '7.62 High Caliber''. The Winchester 1892 is available in three different sizes (full size rifle, carbine, and Mare's Leg pistol) and each can be had in .45 Long Colt, .44 Magnum, or .357 Magnum.
  • In Jurassic World, Owen uses a scoped carbine version of the similar Marlin 1895 with a shiny nickel finish. Even amongst the sleek, modern black assault rifles used by the In-Gen security forces, it still manages to draw the viewer's eye. It also makes sense, as the Marlin 1895's big, slow, and heavy .45-70 Government round is far more effective against large, dangerous game (like carnivorous dinosaurs) than 5.56 or even .308, while also being much more handy and manageable than the .600 Nitro Express of Roland Tembo's elephant gun.
  • The Model 1873 is added as a sniper rifle to PAYDAY 2 with "The Butcher's Western Pack" DLC, as the "Repeater 1874". Owing to being a pistol-caliber rifle, it has the lowest damage per shot of the sniper rifles (tied with the "Rattlesnake" and the semi-auto snipers), but it's still damaging enough to one-shot most enemies below Very Hard difficulty (and beyond with headshots, naturally) with higher ammo counts than the others (15 rounds in the mag, 45 total), and being a sniper rifle it still punches through thin materials and shields. It's one of only three sniper rifles that can accept iron sights instead of a scope or other sight (the others being the Mosin-Nagant, the Winchester Model 70, and the SVD), the only one to start with iron sights by default, and the only one to not accept the wide variety of other sights the other sniper rifles get (its only scope option is a unique A5 scope).
  • Appears in the Louisiana chapters of BloodRayne as the "Winkesler Rifle."
  • Marlin's similar Model 1894 features in Battlefield 4, added with the Spring 2015 patch. It's cut down like the Mare's Leg, with the addition of rails; due to its short size and being chambered for .44 Magnum, it's treated as a sidearm.
  • The Winchester Models 1866 and 1873 are very common sight in Westworld. Notably, outlaw Hector Escaton carries a "Mare's Leg" variant.
  • Doc wields a Model 1866 "Yellow Boy" in Back to the Future Part III modified with a large loop lever and a massive scope.
  • The "Mare's Leg" variant is used by the protagonist in Impasse.
  • Skull Face of Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain uses a Mare's Leg as his personal sidearm. It's about the only weapon that appears in the game that can't be developed by the player and is only usable by Snake in a cutscene.
  • Fitting for a Native American, a Model 1866 is the main weapon of Chief in Wonder Woman (2017).
  • Due the Western setting, the rifle is ubiquitous in Tex Willer. The title character and his friends are notable for specifically using different munitions for their rifles and their revolvers, in spite of one of the Winchester-Colt combo selling points being the ability to have them in the same chambering.
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