"This is my rifle. There are many others like it, but this one is mine."Keep in mind many of the rifles here can also be considered Sniper Rifles. Back to Cool Guns.
—The Rifleman's Creed, Full Metal Jacket
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The Arisaka bolt-action Rifle was a staple weapon of the Japanese Empire, from its creation in 1897 until the end of the Second World War in 1945. It also saw use with Chinese communists and nationalists (who used anything and everything they could get their hands on) converted to 7.92mm Mauser, Viet Minh guerillas in Vietnam (same reason as the Chinese), Koreansnote (though they were rapidly replaced by Mosin-Nagants in the North and M1 Garands in the South), and the British (who found it cheaper at the turn of the century to arm their forces in the Far East with weapons purchased from the then-allied Japanese than ship Enfields from the opposite side of the globe). The rifle was designed by and named after its creator, Colonel Arisaka Nariakira, with the Type 30 being the first model in the series. Later, famed Japanese gunsmith Kijiro Nambu worked with Colonel Arisaka to create the Type 38 Rifle. In total there were over six million rifles made, with the Type 38 long rifle and Type 99 short rifle being the most common. Almost all rifles can be fitted with a bayonet (others have the bayonet mounted on that can be retracted) which was a symbol of the Samurai, and used in the notorious (and suicidal) Banzai charges as well as bayonet practice on whoever got in their way. Also some Arisakas have a peculiar monopod (such as the one pictured) that can be used to make aiming steadier. Unfortunately for the Japanese soldiers, they lacked automatic weapons to help compliment their rifles, while whatever automatics they had were in limited supply, leaving them severely outgunned against the Americans, who had plenty of automatic weapons. All rifles have a chrysanthemum flower sketched on the rifle to symbolize the Japanese Royal Family; many captured rifles at the end of the war had the flower scratched out by either the Americans (to symbolise the Emperor stepping down from power) or the Japanese (so that the Emperor's property does not fall into enemy hands); as a result, rifles with intact flowers command a significantly higher price on the collector market. The rifle is incredibly sturdy; sturdier than the Mosin-Nagant, Lee-Enfield and Mauser rifles. It also utilized a cock-on-closing striker like the Lee-Enfield which improved rate of fire. However, the rifle is not without flaws; the dust cover, in particular, often rattled (not a good thing if you are a sniper, as it could potentially reveal your position). Also, the rifle's straight bolt handle can be awkward to use for those more used to down-turned bolt handles (although some Arisaka rifles do have down-turned bolt handles).
- Almost ten times out of ten, you would find a Japanese soldier with this rifle. With a major exception being The Bridge on the River Kwai.
- The Scorpio Killer from Dirty Harry used a sporterized rifle to assassinate a victim in the beginning of the movie. The rifle was a very rare Type 2 Paratrooper Rifle. By having it sporterized, it had ruined its collector's value when interest for the Arisaka rifles skyrocketed in the 1990's.
- You can find the Arisaka in Medal of Honor: Pacific Assault. Comes in Type 38, Type 99 Sniper, and Type 44 Carbine flavours. Japanese troops are also seen using the rifle in Rising Sun, but not usable to the player.
- The Japanese troops in Red Orchestra 2: Rising Storm are obviously armed with these rifles.
- A Type 99 Sniper Rifle can be acquired via DLC in Sniper Elite V2. It has the slowest rate of fire, but is the most powerful. Although, why would there be a Japanese rifle in Europe?. It returns in Sniper Elite III as a DLC item, which is set in Africa, so it's even less properly placed than Europe. Karl must have some really good connections to the OSS if he is able to acquire such a rifle.
- Men of War features the common Type 99 Arisaka issued to IJA riflemen and banzai chargers, while the rarer Type 2 is only issued to paratroopers, SNLF elite troops and specialized last-ditch infantry.
- IJA soldiers and banzai chargers have this rifle in Call of Duty: World at War. It's also available in multiplayer, the second bolt-action rifle and unlocked at the same time as Create-a-Class. It's tied with the Mosin-Nagant for having the slowest bolt-cycling time in the game, and it has to unlock the sniper scope instead of starting with it like the Springfield, but once it does get the scope, it has the least amount of scope sway of the bolt-action rifles.
- Appears in Commandos 2: Men Of Courage when the Commandos take missions against the Japanese in the Pacific. Most Mooks are armed with Type 38s as their standard weapon, which can be acquired by the team for their own use. The Type 97 appears in the hands of snipers, which Duke and Natasha can make use of. For the purposes of gameplay, they have the same characteristics as the Lee-Enfield, Springfield M1903, Kar98K and Gewehr 43, so any differences are purely cosmetic.
A series of bolt-action rifles designed by Salvatore Carcano at the Turin Army Arsenal in 1891, and called the Modello 91, or just the M91. It successfully replaced the Vetterli-Vitali rifles/carbines chambered in 10.35x47mmR used previously in Italian military service, and the Carcano, in its rifle and carbine forms, served the Italians from 1891 until 1945, when the rifle stopped production. Even afterwards the Italians didn't dispose of them- the Italian State Police used it until 1981. It has also seen use with many other countries, like the Germans (utilizing rifles captured from Italy's surrender in 1943), Finns (utilized in the Winter War, altough it's noticeably overshadowed by the Mosin-Nagant owing to it's non-standard ammunition and non-adjustable sight), and Greeks (like the Germans, utilizing captured rifles rechambered to Greek standard ammo, the 6.5x54mm Mannlicher-Schonauer, supplied by the US). It is still used to this day, in the Libyan Civil War- like the Mosin-Nagant, it qualifies as a Badass Grandpa. Chambered for the rimless 6.5x52mm Carcano cartridge, the Carcano series of rifles had a slightly higher magazine capacity than most contemporary bolt-action rifles (at 6 rounds, only the Lebel at 8 rounds and the Lee-Enfield at 10 rounds has higher magazine capacity) and fed from an en-bloc clip like the M1 Garand. While it had an excellent feed system, the fallacy was the ammunition- back then, the rifle often used different powder types and ammunition lots in one clip. This was a bad idea, as it tended to cause varying bullet velocities and wild bullet dispersion, causing wildly inconsistent accuracy. Perhaps because of this, the rifle was never significantly used as a sniper rifle in both World Wars unlike other contemporary bolt-action rifles, although the Italians did train and arm their few snipers with scoped Carcano Model 1891 rifles. The Carcano was briefly chambered in the stronger 7.35x51mm Carcano cartridge before World War 2 broke out, but the logistical nightmare of having to supply two different types of ammo in the bureaucratic Fascist government lead to most 7.35mm rifles being chambered back to 6.5mm. The lack of stopping power from the 6.5mm cartridge lead to most Italian Social Republicnote soldiers switching to the Karabiner 98k. There are almost a dozen variants of the Carcano, but they mostly differ only in barrel length, chambering, and whether their bayonets were detachable or foldable. An exception was the Type-I Rifle (with the "I" obviously standing for Italian) produced for the Imperial Japanese Navy, chambered in 6.5x50mm Arisaka and having a 5-round magazine capacity, produced after the IJN contacted Italy due to all Arisaka production going to its bitter rival, the Imperial Japanese Army, midway through the invasion of China in 1937. Perhaps the most famous aspect of the rifle is that this is the rifle that was used to kill John F. Kennedy. Lee Harvey Oswald used a 6.5mm Mod. 91/38 Carcano fitted with a 4x telescopic scope to assassinate JFK. The weapon was mail-ordered, which is why since 1968 it is illegal to mail-order firearms. The weapon, with its 4x scope, can be seen in the National Archive.
- If a World War II game/ movie/ live-action TV includes Italians, this rifle in one of its variants is likely to appear (assuming the producers could be bothered to model non-German weapons for the Axis) . Also, documentaries on Who Shot JFK? will include a reference to the Carcano.
- The M91/41 variant appears in Sniper Elite III. It appears with a 5-round magazine capacity and has the highest muzzle velocity of the rifles available to the player in the base game, but it also has the highest recoil.
- The M91/38 is also used by John Marston as an sniper rifle (with a slightly incorrect capacity of 5 rounds, though it's possible that Marston never knew that the rifle can actually hold 6) that is one of the 5 in-game Rare Guns. It is anachronistic, as the rifle model was not made until 1938 (hence the designation).
- Call of Duty 2: Big Red One has the Italian forces use the Carcano Rifle in "Piano Lupo" and any multiplayer map featuring them. The in-game bio even notes that this kind of rifle was used in the Kennedy assassination.
Fabrique Nationale FAL and similar
A high-performance assault rifle, one of the two mainstays of the west alongside the M16. Solid, powerful and reliable, the FAL is a very well-rounded weapon.
— Description, Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker
Nicknamed "the right arm of the free world," the FAL ("Fusil Automatique Léger", French for "Light Automatic Rifle") was one of the three major battle rifles designed for the NATO 7.62x51mm bullet (the other two were the M14 and H&K G3) and was undoubtedly the most successful of the three designs, having much lighter recoil and greater durability. The FAL was designed by Dieudonne Saive, who is probably more famous for his work on the Browning Hi-Power. Originally, the FAL was meant to be an assault rifle, with prototypes chambered in intermediate rounds such as German 7.92x33mm (only the very first prototype; there was never any intention to go to production with this particular round) and .280 British (7x43mm). However, when NATO standardized on the 7.62x51mm at American insistence, FN beefed up the FAL to handle the more powerful round, and the rest was history. It was so popular that every Western and non-communist nation except the USA, Turkey (who used the FAL for 20 years before switching to the G3), and West Germany adopted it as their main rifle. Even the US strongly considered adopting it, before settling on the M14 on the basis of a combination of nationalism and false testimony to Congress claiming that the M14 could reuse the existing M1 Garand production lines; West Germany had initially adopted it too, utilizing it as the G1, but when they wanted to buy a license from FN to domestically produce the rifle, they were turned down, probably in no small part due to the fact that they had invaded Belgium twice in the previous forty years. This led to them ultimately working with Spain on its CETME 58, which ultimately became the G3.note The FN FAL is considered the classic post-war battle rifle and the Western counterpart to the AK-47. The first country to adopt it was Canada in 1954. They developed their variant of the rifle referred to as the C1A1 Battle Rifle. This variant can only be shot in semi-auto, but it had a removable trigger guard which allowed those with gloves to fire it, and it can also be fed stripper clips. The British L1A1 was directly based on the C1A1, with the UK, Canada and Australia coordinating their development of the FAL after buying licenses to make their own from FN, so as to ensure that the major Commonwealth armies would have complete interchangeability of equipment.note Parts of the L1A1 (built on an inch pattern) are not compatible with other "metric" FALs,note leading to many headaches among collectors, especially when there is parts breakage on one of the much rarer inch FALs. Inch FALs can use both inch and metric pattern magazines (usually), which is lucky for inch FAL owners since metric mags are more common. The reverse is not true, though; metric FALs can only use metric mags. India, seeking to have the same rifle as the rest of the Commonwealth but without being forced by mere legality pay royalties to FN, reverse-engineered their own version, the 1A1. Another highly recognizable FAL version is the Israeli IMI Romat, with its distinctive and very cool half-wood, half-sheet metal◊ handguard. The gun is still in productionnote and use by many countries around the globe. Some have even upgraded them for use as marksman rifles in the same manner as the M14. FN briefly experimented in the early 1960s with bringing the FAL back to its assault rifle roots in the form of a scaled-down version chambered in 5.56x45mm, but this was deemed too expensive for mass production. Their next attempt was the CAL ("Carabine Automatique Léger", French for "Light Automatic Carbine") which still looked like a scaled-down FAL but incorporated many internal changes. This proved to still be too expensive and was a commercial flop (and now a Rare Gun since so few were made), resulting in FN moving on to the entirely new FNC (Fabrique Nationale Carabine).
- Can be found in Fallout 2, one of the better weapons of the game, though finding ammo is a problem.
- Fallout Tactics as well, but it erroneously used the 7.62 Soviet rounds instead.
- One of the mook weapons in Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2 and Call of Duty: Black Ops. The Modern Warfare 2 appearance is memorable for its use of the speed reload technique (where the player character flicks the release lever with the fresh magazine, which flings the spent mag away from the gun as he inserts the new one).
- Reappears in Black Ops 2 as a primarily friendly gun (like it's supposed to be) and Jason Hudson's new weapon of choice, while also seeing some use by enemy proxy militias in the 80's flashback missions. Future missions and multiplayer allow the player to use the similar SA58 Para Elite Compact, with the same reload as the MW2 version. Notably, the new select-fire attachment finally allows both the semi- and full-auto modes of the FAL to be showcased.
- Call of Duty: Ghosts, with its enemies being made up of various South American countries, features both the Brazilian IMBEL IA2 and the proposed Peruvian Diseños Casanave SC-2010.
- The IMI Romat appears in Rainbow Six: Rogue Spear. The original FAL returns for Raven Shield, and Siege added the Canadian C1A1 with an underbarrel shotgun as one of Buck's two primary weapons with the Operation Black Ice update.
- Far Cry 2, mislabeled as the Paratrooper variant; being held over until the second half of the game, it's far stronger per-shot than the AK or G3.
- SWAT officers use it during the shootout at the beginning of Predator 2.
- Carlos carries a heavily modified one in Resident Evil: Apocalypse.
- Shows up in Uncharted 2: Among Thieves with a red-dot sight. It's more accurate but less powerful than the AK-47, and more powerful but less accurate than the M4. It also holds 30 rounds in a 20-round magazine and fires in three-round bursts, even though the real FAL lacks a burst-fire mode. The third game corrects this and makes the FAL semi-auto only.
- The resistance members led by Eva/Big Mama in Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots carry them; it stands as the only one of the "big three" NATO battle rifles that Snake actually has to buy from Drebin, as the resistance members only carry it during cutscenes and Snake hands every single one he picks up back to its owner or to someone else who's otherwise unarmed.
- Also shows up in Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker as well, used by Peace Sentinels in the player's first battle with an Mi-24. It can later be researched by MSF's R&D team, first in its standard variant, then the Paratrooper model with a skeleton stock, and finally with a Laser Sight.
- The FAL shows up once more in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain as the "UN-ARC". The player can develop carbine, LMG, and non-lethal variants.
- Standard issue rifle for ARCAM troops in the anime film Spriggan.
- The Wild Geese featured many different versions of FN FAL rifles.
- Hidden weapon in Operation Flashpoint. A folding-stock version appears in ARMA II: Operation Arrowhead as a standard weapon of the Takistani army, available both unmodified and with a night-vision scope.
- The MNU Helicopter snipers in District 9 use FALs with scopes mounted on them.
- The rifles carried by the guards in Escape from L.A. were FALs with grenade launchers attached.
- Some of Sosa's Mooks in Scarface (1983).
- Monroe Kelly carries one with a folding stock through most of the film Congo.
- During the penultimate showdown at the end of Hot Fuzz Nicholas Angel (Simon Pegg) has one of these in his hands.
- A near Game Breaker in Jagged Alliance 2, thanks to its good damage, good accuracy and laughably fast fire rate, using only 5 action points to shoot. It became a mainstay in the series since.
- Available in 7.62 High Caliber as a powerful battle rifle, with both variants (the standard and the paratrooper, which has a folding stock) capable of full auto fire. When fitted with a bipod, it can be an acceptable gun for a marksman at medium range, while the folding stock allows for easier storage in a pack and can make for an emergency room clearing weapon of ridiculous power.
- Added to Killing Floor with the 2012 Summer Sideshow event, meant for the Commando; it's a mash-up of multiple FAL variants, being full-auto capable but using the wooden furniture from the L1A1. It also mounts a 4x scope.
- Fal of Upotte!! is based on the British L1A1, though despite this she is occasionally seen to fire her gun in full-auto. She's also stated to be the older sister of Funco, who is based on the FNC.
- Ghost Recon added the 50.63 Paratrooper (variant with a shorter 17-inch barrel and a folding stock) with the Desert Siege expansion, as simply the "7.62mm Carbine". Future Soldier features the SA58 OSW for the Bodark faction, despite the game's insistence on only giving them weapons based on the AK action, and it as such can be given rather ill-fitting Russian attachments; it's classified as a "Personal Defense Rifle" due to its short length. The same weapon also appears in another Tom Clancy game, Splinter Cell: Blacklist.
- The L1A1 variant is often seen in the hands of UNIT soldiers in Doctor Who, in the Classic era.
- Appears in PAYDAY 2 as the weapon added with the Big Bank DLC, as the Falcon Rifle. The ingame version is based on the DSA SA-58 Paratrooper variant, as evidenced by the stamping on the weapon's left side, though fitted with the full-length handguard, barrel, stock and short magazine of the standard FAL. It gets unique attachments that allow the weapon to be modded into an exact SA-58 OSW, with others based on other variants of the FAL, such as the Israeli IMI Romat seen above and the Brazilian IMBEL IA2. On the whole, the Falcon is surprisingly versatile, with excellent accuracy (including almost no aim spread from hip-firing), good damage, a reasonably high rate of fire and can be turned into a DMR, heavy assault rifle or concealed primary with the right mods, though this is at the cost of high cost to purchase, a high level requirement to use it, and the unique mods that give it its versatility being locked behind some incredibly difficult achievements.
- Both the standard FAL and Brazilian derivatives, the IMBEL MD97 and IA2, show up in Max Payne 3.
- Used by both sides in The Siege of Jadotville. It had recently been adopted by the Irish Army at the time the film is set and it's not fully replaced the Lee-Enfield. Quinlan notably carries a FAL as his personal weapon until he runs out of ammo and is forced to fall back on his sidearm.
- Persona 5: One of Yusuke Kitagawa's equippable rifles is a "G1 Type", named and modeled after the FN FAL G1, one of the first FAL variants commissioned by the West German army in 60s.
- In Suicide Squad, the FAL with an ACOG optic is used by some of Joker's henchmen.
Heckler & Koch G3
One of the signature assault rifles of the West, adopted in 1964 by the West German Army. Uses a roller-locking delayed blowback operating system to achieve high-precision fire. A number of variations of this design have also been produced — including sniper rifles, submachine guns, and light machine guns — a testament to the G3A3's high potential.
— Description, Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots
A German weapon developed from the Spanish CETME series of battle rifles, the G3 was the third major weapon chambered for the 7.62mm NATO round. After Belgium refused to allow West Germany to produce the FN FAL under license, Germany looked to Spain and its CETME. Like the FAL, the CETME was initially intended to be an assault rifle, prototyped in a series proprietary intermediate cartridges and finally in a reduced-power version of the 7.62x51mm, but when the collaboration with HK began, they followed the German lead and adapted it to the full power 7.62x51mm NATO. A stamped steel battle rifle using a roller-delayed blowback system originally designed for the StG-45 prototype in World War II (appropriately enough)note , the G3 is more widely known for its derivatives than it is by itself. The action of the G3 has served as the basis for nearly every non-pistol weapon designed by Heckler & Koch until The '90s, when the G36 series with its ambidextrous AR-18-inspired action took overnote ; the MP5 is effectively a miniaturized G3 chambered in 9mm, the PSG1 and MSG90 are accurized versions for marksman use, the HK21 and HK23 a general-purpose / light machine gun version adapted for belted ammo, and so on. The G3 is known for its toughness and reliability, but shooters are often critical of its rather violent action that tends to mangle ejected cartridges and throw them anything up to thirty feet away, and the ergonomics and weight of the rifle in general. Therefore, it is a good idea to never stand on the right side of a G3 shooter if you can avoid it, unless you want hot brass hitting you. The brass also tends to be too damaged to reuse in handloading. The G3 was the standard rifle of the West German army until the 1990s, and is still in service with many second and third world militaries around the globe and remains in production.note Genuine G3s and HK firearms are rare in the United States civilian shooting market, with the ATF banning their importation because they could be quite easily converted into automatic weapons.note Also, HK is only minimally invested in the US civilian marketnote , and even then, its main product is handguns. Genuine HK G3 clone imports are expensive, going for an average of at least $1700. Semiautomatic G3 clones are much more common and cheaper; the two main ones available on the market are the 7.62x51 C91 and the 5.56x45 C93. They come in at a normal price of at least $650. CEMTE-based semi-autos are also on the market, but since both CETME and HK independently continued development of the roller-locked design there's little if any interchangeability of parts between G3 clones and CETME clones.
- Cool Action: The HK Slap actually originated with this weapon - while it is more associated with the MP5, as above that gun is in effect just a miniaturized G3, and the technique will work with anything based on the G3's action, or even weapons that aren't but have a similar charging handle, like the Steyr AUG.
- A few can be seen amongst the dozens of AK's wielded by the militia in Black Hawk Down.
- Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare features the HK91, a semi-auto-only variant (which still fires full-auto in singleplayer), though it's not quite as common as the various AK's. In multiplayer it's strangely underpowered, dealing the same damage as the other full-auto assault rifles (but with less recoil in return) so as to not completely overshadow the M14, which has the proper higher damage and recoil of a 7.62mm rifle but is unlocked far later.
- Rainbow Six added some of these to its armoury, for when teams need more punch, starting with Rogue Spear. In Vegas with the 6x scope, it makes a decent all-rounder substitute for a dedicated sniper rifle.
- Dog Soldiers.
- Hidden weapon in Operation Flashpoint.
- Used by the Militia in the second chapter of Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots, and usable by Snake. In the first chapter one of the militiamen there also got his hands on an HK21, which Snake can choose to make him part with.
- The standard assault rifle in Fallout 3 is the prototype version with the older circular handguard (instead of the current MP5-style handguards) and wooden furniture, and it uses 5.56 ammo in the game.
- In Battlefield 3, the G3 can be found in the hands of the PLR. Also unlocked for use in multiplayer after gaining enough points in the co-op mode.
- Far Cry 2 has the G3 as the initial assault rifle given to the player character. It is weirdly underpowered, both having very low recoil for 7.62x51, and taking around six body shots to kill.
- A modified version of the MSG90 sniper variant with an AK-74 muzzle brake appears in Left 4 Dead 2, called the Military Sniper.
- Available in (of course), 7.62 High Caliber. Very similar to the FAL and even has a variant with a collapsible stock, but it has the advantage of being able to take a scope.
- Syphon Filter, starting with the second game as the K3G4. It is the only gun that can pierce an enemy's flak jacket.
- G3 of Upotte!!, as her name suggests, is based on the G3A3. In reference to the numerous G3-based guns in the real world, she has a ton of younger sisters who are all nearly identical to her - the sister based on the HK33, in particular, manages to pass herself off as G3 for a day at one point.
- A G3A3 can be found in the Chrysler Building in Parasite Eve.
- Appears in PAYDAY 2 as the Gewehr 3 - the extended version of the G3's Real Life name - with an HK21E clubfoot stock. Attaching the wooden stock and foregrip makes it resemble earlier models of the G3, while the DMR Kit turns it into a G3SG/1. Attaching the Precision Foregrip, Precision Grip and Precision Stock makes it resemble the MGS90, sans the telescopic sight.
- The G3SG/1 appears across the Counter-Strike series, as the terrorists' semi-auto sniper rifle and their equivalent to the counter-terrorists' SG 550 Sniper or FN SSR. Named the "D3-AU/1" in every game except Global Offensive.
- The "Assault Rifle 1960" from Wolfenstein: The New Order is largely based on the G3, being standard-issue for the Nazi soldiers in 1960.
- The G3, like the FAL, started to appear in Jagged Alliance 2 as a weapon used by the Elite Mooks in Deidranna's Army, including General Theo Humphey and the terrorist Annie "Matron of Mayhem".
The Krag-Jørgensen rifle is a bolt-action rifle designed by Norwegian army captain Ole Herman Johannes Krag and gunsmith Erik Jørgensen. First introduced in 1886, it was adopted by three major countries as a primary service rifle: Norway, Denmark, and the United States. The US adopted the weapon at an important time in firearms development, when smokeless powder was supplanting black powder for use in firearms; indeed, the Krag was the first US service rifle to use smokeless powder by original design. The Krag's defining feature is its magazine design; unlike other weapons of the period, which featured integral magazines loaded with stripper clips or chargers, the Krag's magazine is integral with the receiver, and loaded with loose rounds from a gate on the gun's right side. This design allows the user to easily "top-off" the magazine, and unlike most bolt-action rifles, allows the weapon to be reloaded without opening the bolt. Unfortunately, the design also makes it much slower to reload compared to clip-loaded rifles, like the Mauser. The rifle first saw use with the US in the Spanish-American War. There, soldiers armed with the Krag found themselves outgunned by Spanish troops armed with Mausers, whose clip-loading rifles allowed them to reload much faster. In addition, the .30-40 round was also a bit underpowered compared to the Spanish 7x57mm round.note Modifications were made to adapt the Krag to be clip-fed and strengthen its action for higher velocity rounds, but in the end, seeing the advantage of the Mauser design, the US eventually copied it with the M1903 Springfield, making the Krag the shortest served American service rifle (9 years). The Krag continued to see service well into the 20th century, with updated Norwegian models serving all the way through WWII. Many of the weapons were also sold to civilians, and were converted to sport or hunting rifles. Today, the weapon is prized by collectors for its smooth action, rarity, and service history. In film and television, especially in the early to mid-20th century, the Krag can often be seen impersonating Mausers or other bolt action rifles, on account of them being easy to obtain at the time.
- A sporterized version is used by Atticus Finch to put down a rabid dog in the film version of To Kill a Mockingbird.
- Appears in The Wind and the Lion as the primary rifle of the US Navy and Marine Corps.note
- The rifle appears in The Rough Riders as the primary rifle of the US Army.
- Used by many of the Venture's crew members in King Kong.
- Frequently appears in Hogan's Heroes, ironically as the main weapon used by German soldiers, standing in for the Karabiner 98k.
- It appears in Red Dead Redemption as the "Bolt Action Rifle".
- Many are seen in Gunga Din, standing in for the Martini-Henry that would have been used at the time.
Lebel Mle. 1886
The best infantry rifle in the world when the French Army adopted it in 1886, it was kept in frontline service for five decades, long past obsolescence. The Lebel was a bolt-action repeater with an 8-round tubular magazine, plus another round on the lifter and one in the pipe, for a total of ten rounds of 8mm Lebel, unheard of for a military rifle in its day. It also had an magazine interrupter which, when engaged, prevented ammo from feeding from the magazine and required the shooter to hand-load a loose round into the chamber, as French doctrine called for the magazine to be an emergency reserve. The French adopted a redesigned "spitzer"-type (sharp-nosed) full metal jacket bullet for the 8mm Lebel cartridge just a few years after the rifle was adopted. Rather than junk their brand-new weapon, which was designed for round-nose bullets, they instead made new cartridge cases with a circular groove in the base around the primer. When loaded into the Lebel's magazine, each bullet's nose rested safely in the groove of the round in front of it and away from the primer, preventing any nasty accidents. This was a brilliant move at the time that eliminated the need for any modifications to the rifle (which would have cost a lot more than the slightly-modified brass). Though it was a game-changer in 1886, the Lebel was long in the tooth in 1914. The Poilu's standard infantry rifle was tough and fairly accurate, but it was also heavy, and its 8mm round was ballistically-inferior to newer cartridges like 7.92 Mauser, .303 British, .30/06, and 7.62x54R. While it had almost twice the capacity of a Mauser, Carcano, or Mosin-Nagant, its magazine had to be loaded one round at a time, while everybody else's rifles used stripper clips. The British SMLE matched the Lebel's magazine capacity,note with both a detachable magazine and stripper clip loading. French soldiers found that they had one of the worst rifles on the Western Front, with the exception of the Canadian Ross rifle or the British Farquar-Hill, which jammed with the slightest hint of dirt or broke every other time you pulled the trigger respectively.The French quickly recognized the problem, but found it decidedly inconvenient to switch to a new design in the middle of a shooting war with an invading German army within shouting distance of Paris. Newer and more advanced Berthier rifles (which used stripper clips) were issued on a limited basis to augment the Lebels, but never came close to replacing them. Despite their rifle's shortcomings, French soldiers actually preferred the 8 rounds it had over the Berthier's 5-round capacity and still put the Lebel to good use, creating lots of holes in lots of German soldiers over the next four years. They continued to be found in the hands of Poilus and French Foreign Legionnaires well into the 1930s, when the 50+ year-old Lebel was finally withdrawn in favor of the MAS-36.
- Any movie showing the French in WWI will prominently feature this rifle.
- Rick O'Connell's Foreign Legion unit uses Lebel rifles in The Mummy (1999). After his magazine runs dry, O'Connell is seen single-loading his Lebel, not bothering with the magazine. When the Tuaregs get too close, he abandons it and switches to pistols.
- Jean-Claude Van Damme and other Foreign Legion soldiers carry them in Legionnaire.
- The French troops were armed with the Lebel rifle in Verdun, it can be fitted with a bayonet.
The Lee-Enfield is widely regarded as one of the best bolt-action rifles ever made. It began as a variation of the short-livednote Lee-Metford rifle with a shorter barrel that dumped the Metford-type polygonal rifling. At the time of its introduction, it was considered to be far too inaccurate as well as unreliable for combat; there was also resistance to the idea of a magazine rifle from top brass, with fears of wasted ammo and the detachable magazinenote being lost. Early rifles often had the magazine chained to the rifle's body to prevent a careless soldier from losing it and were fitted with a "magazine cutoff," a panel that closed over the magazine and turned the rifle into a single-shot breech-loader; soldiers were ordered to use the magazine only in emergencies, an order which was so universally ignored that the cutoff ended up being deleted altogether as a cost-saving measure.note It turned out however, that the SMLE was not as bad as was thought. In fact, it was just about one of the best rifles ever made; the main problem in the Boer Wars was the ammunition, not the rifle, although early Enfield barrels had crappy quality control, which was quickly tightened up to produce truly exceptional weapons. It was accurate, reliable, and most notably, fast: every British soldier was expected to be able to do the "Mad Minute," firing not less than fifteen aimed shots in sixty seconds; most were drilled until they could manage thirty (and thus also reload three times during that time).note This had quite an effect on the enemy; German accounts frequently praised British rifle fire.note This was helped by the fact that the rifle could carry ten rounds of ammunition at a time, double that of the rival German Mauser. Lest the Enfield be thought of as a superweapon, the design was mechanically much less sound than the Mauser or Mosin designs; repeated firing of .303 British caused the receiver to stretch out over time, necessitating longer and longer bolt heads to be installed over the life of the weapon; good thing they designed the bolt head to be detachable. This is why, while the Mauser 98 action is used for all sorts of super-magnum big-game hunting rifles, the Enfield action was rarely used for sporting rifles. The British Army as well as the associated Commonwealth states, would continue to make use of this rifle all throughout World War I and World War II, with Lee-Enfield sniper rifles lasting all the way into the 1990s. note And in India, they're still in use as police weapons to this day.note A little-known fact is that despite being the quintessential British rifle, the designer of its basic action, James Paris Lee, was Americannote . After it failed to gain much interest from the US military note , the design was picked up by the British military, who adopted it for their Lee-Metford rifles. An improved barrel resulted in the Lee-Enfield long rifle, followed by a succession of improvements leading to the SMLE in 1904, less than two months before his death.note
- Cool Accessory: Earlier versions of the SMLE, up to the No.1 Mk III*, featured the P1907 Enfield sword bayonet, which was over 17 inches long,◊ or roughly 3 inches longer than the German equivalent. The reason for this extreme length was that at the time, the SMLE was noticeably shorter than most other rifles at the time: prior to World War I, military theorists argued that the shorter length would put British soldiers at a disadvantage when forced into hand-to-hand combat, as their opponent would have a longer reach. The response was to create a longer bayonet, to make up for this deficiency. While undoubtedly cool and a sound idea in theory, it turned out that the long, unwieldy rifle-bayonet was a distinct disadvantage when fighting in the confines of the trenches (though no moreso than a shorter bayonet on the longer Gewehr 98 Mauser rifles used by most German soldiers). However, the length of the sword bayonet proved to be just about ideal for a close-quarters battle weapon, provided that it was detached and used alone. By the time of World War II, India was making shorter versions of the P1907 bayonet while Britain and Australia still used the full-length ones. But Britain was transitioning to the No.4 Mk I version, which used the widely disliked "pigsticker" spike bayonet that had no capacity for use as a handheld knife separate from the rifle.
- Anything set in World War 2 and featuring the British should feature this weapon, though sometimes they are shown using American weapons instead.
- On the other hand, some movies have depicted American GIs with SMLEs slung on their shoulders instead of the correct M1 Garand. Depends on where it was filmed.
- Likewise, any work set in World War One. If the Tommies are seen using something else other than Ross rifles or P'14 Enfields over the SMLE as their primary weapons, something's wrong.
- Used in Gallipoli by the ANZAC army and is seen in the hands of all the main characters.
- Features in Kokoda which is to be expected considering it's about the Australian forces on the Kokoda Track during WWII.
- The Jawa Ion Blasters used in Star Wars: A New Hope were built from a heavily sawed-off Lee-Enfield No.1 Mk III with the grenade-launcher attachment glued to the shortened barrel.
- The Desmond Bagley novel Flyaway has a lengthy scene where an accountant who's never handled a weapon in his life works out how to fire an SMLE, whereupon he blows the Big Bad's head off.
- In Crocodile Dundee and it's sequels, Mick Dundee uses a customised Enfield 303 Sporter with a thumbhole stock. It makes sense as Paul Hogan wanted to create an alternative to the regular '80s action heroes, so being armed with a pre-WWI bolt-action rifle is about as far away from the '80s action hero guns as you can get.
- Another weapon featured prominently in the Call of Duty games. Like the Garand, it is one of the few weapons not to follow the same One Bullet Clips rule as the other rifles, due to carrying double the ammo; in Call of Duty 2, it's also one of the few rifles to still (intentionally, unlike the first game's Mosin-Nagant) reload with stripper clips when scoped.
- Killing Floor DLC features a steampunk variation as the "Single-Piston Long Musket"; one of the very few depictions of the weapon where it is reloaded by replacing the magazine.
- The "Hunting Rifle" in Cry of Fear is a scoped Lee-Enfield with a reduced capacity. It fares well as your only real long-range option when you can find ammo for it, but that ammo is among the rarest in the game.
- Battlefield 1942, naturally. The game actually inverts the point about WWII British forces above, as every Allied nation uses it, even after patches giving the Americans and Russians their own weapons (the Sniper for every Allied faction still uses a scoped SMLE).
- The rifle was shown in The Bridge on the River Kwai, in the hands of the Japanese soldiers instead of the British soldiers when the former should have Arisaka rifles. The movie was filmed in Sri Lanka; being a former British colony, they had easy access to British weaponry (as the Japanese troops also used Thompsons and Vickers Machine Guns too.) It could be argued that the Japanese have confiscated the rifles from the British POWs after seizing Singapore and Hong Kong.
- British Infantry and Sappers will be armed with these rifles in Company of Heroes, some will opt out with Bren guns and PIAT Launchers respectively from upgrades for close-quarter combat and anti-tank combat respectively. Infantry Sections can have a designated Marksman use a scoped Lee-Enfield or use Rifle Grenades for more firepower.
- The British and Canadian troops in Verdun are armed with the Mk. III Rifle, which can be outfitted with a scope and a bayonet. The Horrors of War DLC gives the Canadian Raiders a sawn-off Enfield, while the Specialists were given the notorious Ross Rifle which was their service rifle at the time.
- The expansion packs for Medal of Honor: Allied Assault has the British use the No. 4 Lee-Enfield, and the similar yet anachronistic L42A1 as their service and sniper rifles which the player can use. In European Assault, the player can find and use a Lee-Enfield fitted with a scope, but for some odd reason, it holds five rounds rather than ten.
- The SMLE appears in Battlefield 1 as a sniper rifle and a scopeless bolt-action rifle for the Scout class. It's widely agreed to be one of the best primaries in the game for its magazine size and its firing speed. A customized version with engravings and a red dot sight is also available if the player downloads the Lawrence of Arabia DLC.
"In my opinion, the M1 rifle is the greatest battle implement ever devised."
— General George S Patton on the M1 Garand
Perhaps THE semi-automatic rifle, and usually the first thing one imagines when they think of a WW2 rifle. One of the first semi-automatic weapons fielded by a major army, it fired 8 rounds of .30-06 from its internal clip-fed magazine,note and continues to be a sticking point among people trying to explain the difference between a clip and a magazine, as one of the few examples of the clip itself being physically inserted into a weapon (as pictured above). Legendary durability was a plus, too, though the gun had a nasty snap to its action that lead to a common complaint known as "rifleman's thumb" or more simply "M1 thumb."note Introduced in 1936, the weapon replaced the M1903 Springfield as the US military's main service rifle, and saw service through WWII and Korea, with some variants still in limited use in Vietnam, especially the M1D sniper variant with a fitted scope. With the advent of automatic rifles, the American military tried to convert the M1 into the M14 battle rifle, which was introduced in 1958. Even by changing the ammo from .30-06 to .308 Winchester / 7.62x51 NATO, it turned out to be too much dakka, leading to its ultimately short life as a primary service rifle. The Garand served with other military elements well into the 70s, and are still used by military drill teams even today. Commonly said to have the "disadvantage" that the ejecting en-bloc clip made a distinctive ping; in practice this was not nearly as large a problem as is often believed, since the ping was usually drowned out by gunfire, and the rifleman with a Garand reloaded more quickly and fired faster than any opponent with a bolt-action rifle could hope to. More often than not, the ping sound of the ejected clip hitting a hard surface is louder than the ping sound made when it was ejected. In fact, some riflemen took advantage of this quirk, whereby they would intentionally make the pinging noise (usually by banging an empty clip on their helmet) to tempt enemies out of cover. Some Italian versions (the Beretta BM59) with detachable box magazines were produced after World War II, and for a time were the standard rifle of the Italian Army. M1s were exported and loaned out to allies as well. They saw limited use with some Canadian units in WWII. Mikhail Kalashnikov copied the bolt of a lend-lease Garand and put it in his new AK rifle — yes, that one. South Korean soldiers initially complained that the Garands they received on official loan from their US allies in the late 1940s were too long and too heavy, though those complaints quickly stopped when their Northern cousins came to visit in 1950. American Garands also found their way into Argentinian, Brazilian, Cambodian, Dutch, Ethiopian, Filipino, French, Grecian, Haitian, Japanese, Indonesian, Lao, Norwegian, Paraguayan, South Vietnamese, Turkish, Venezuelean, and West German hands as well. And after the Chinese Civil War, the M1 Garand replaced the 7.92mm Type 24 as the service rifle of the Republic of China. The M1 Garand remained the main service rifle of the ROCA after the Communist victory in the civil war, and is still in use as a ceremonial rifle. In particular, the Taiwanese honor guard carry extremely cool-looking black and chrome◊ Garands with bayonets fixed.
- Cool Action: The Garand literally has a cool action; you're guaranteed to see close-ups of it cycling if the movie focuses on anyone firing it even slightly. Coolest and most exaggerated is the ejection of the empty en-bloc clip as the last round is fired, which in a movie will typically produce an almighty "SHIIIING!" noise almost as loud as the actual gunshot. Extra cool points (and Truth in Television) if the shooter slaps the bolt at the end of his reload.
- The cool action and clip feeding system were also the Garand's foremost flaw: the rifle was not to be fed with individual bullets in standard form, only the clip - it could be reloaded one round at a time, but it was very hard to do it - so soldiers were simply trained to fire all 8 rounds and only reload from empty. As the American forces had plenty of ammo, the fault was not apparent, but for the civilian post-war market there had been some modifications to make it more user-friendly.
- One of the main reasons this was a problem during the war was that rifle grenades were still widely used, and required blanks to fire rather than regular ammo. With traditional bolt-action rifles this was easy; just open the bolt and manually insert a blank. For Garands equipped with rifle grenade adapters, special two-round clips for the blanks had to be issued (a one-round clip just wasn't possible with the specific design of the Garand clip system). For this reason, rifle grenadiers more often than not were the only guys in the squad still carrying an M1903.
- The cool action and clip feeding system were also the Garand's foremost flaw: the rifle was not to be fed with individual bullets in standard form, only the clip - it could be reloaded one round at a time, but it was very hard to do it - so soldiers were simply trained to fire all 8 rounds and only reload from empty. As the American forces had plenty of ammo, the fault was not apparent, but for the civilian post-war market there had been some modifications to make it more user-friendly.
- Any WWII movie featuring the Americans; the Garand is if anything a little too common, often displacing the Springfield M1903 rifle which was still issued in fairly high quantities, especially among the Marines as they didn't start getting any until every Army order was filled.
- During the Omaha Beach scene of Saving Private Ryan, special closeups are given of M1-equipped members of The Squad returning fire, complete with loud empty-clip ejections.
- In videogames, it's the weapon most likely to not follow the One Bullet Clips rule, and will usually be impossible to reload without shooting off the entire en-bloc clip first (or if it can be reloaded mid-clip, it'll simply be dragged offscreen during - even if every other gun has an actual reloading animation). Truth in Television, as it was notoriously hard to insert cartridges into the magazine while under any kind of pressure, and American soldiers were typically instructed to simply fire off any remaining rounds rather than try. While ejecting a partially-spent clip was possible using the clip latch, the Manual of Arms for the weapon stipulated that the soldier should instead fire until the current clip was empty and reload a fresh one.
- Vietnam examples are a little rarer since the M14 and M16 tend to take the spotlight; it's seen in the hands of Laotian troops in Air America, and the M1D sniper version can be used in the Vietcong games.
- Whenever they need a gun with some serious power, the MythBusters will often use a Garand.
- Every World War II-based Call of Duty game features this extensively. World at War includes the sniper-scope attachment in multiplayer (which boosts its power to the same as the otherwise-stronger bolt-action rifles). It also faithfully reproduces the complex reload-from-partially-empty-clip nature of the weapon (the other games don't let you manually reload it at all), making it take longer to reload from that state than to just fire off the last 2 or so rounds and then insert a fresh clip.
- Black Ops 3 introduces a futurized version called the "MX Garand" as part of its Awakening DLC. It's a two shot kill pretty much anywhere except the head. And like the M1, the MX's clip has to be empty in order to reload.
- In Fallout: New Vegas it can be acquired as a unique weapon, named "This Machine". Unsurprisingly, it's a virtual Game Breaker, firing the .308 round, and having a good fire rate, clip size, and accuracy. A Dummied Out non-unique variant, the "Battle Rifle", is re-added with the Gun Runners' Arsenal DLC.
- Available in the 1.13 mod for Jagged Alliance 2. The in-game gun website even lampshades the ridiculousness.
If you have an M1 Garand for some reason, here's some ammo for it.
- One of the weapons available for player use in L.A. Noire. It holds an unrealistic sixteen rounds in one en-bloc clip, twice its real life capacity.
- Present in the World War 2-based Battlefield games, alongside the extremely rare Japanese Type 5 copy. Battlefield: Bad Company 2 adds it as an every-kit weapon for "Battlefield Veterans" (those who confirm on the game's website that they've played other Battlefield games), while the introductory mission for the campaign again gives the player the Type 5.
- In Hellsing, Luke Valentine carries a pair of chopped-down Garands that he uses as pistols.
- Recommended along with the M1 Carbine in The Zombie Survival Guide for being a fast and reliable rifle, as well as the fact that it is a good hand-to-hand weapon in close quarters.
- Added in the Blue Sun mod for 7.62 High Caliber as an early battle rifle, appearing before even AKs and other assault rifles. It's mostly stymied by its low capacity and bulk.
- The M1D is available in Sniper Elite V2 with the "St. Pierre" DLC pack. Sniper Elite III likewise features the M1C as your starting sniper rifle.
- Walt Kowalski in Gran Torino has one left over from the Korean War, which he uses to scare some hoodlums off his lawn. He doesn't actually fire it in the film, but tells Tao that he used it to kill a young North Korean soldier who wasn't much older than him who was trying to surrender and has had to live with it all his life.
- The M1 Garand is the standard rifle of US troops in Men of War, where it is one of the best rifles of its ammo class, due to the semi-auto fire and large magazine capacity.
- US Riflemen and Rangers will be armed with these rifles in Company of Heroes, though some will opt out for BARs and Thompsons respectively for suppressive fire or better performance for close-quarters combat through upgrades.
"The deadliest weapon in the world is a Marine and his rifle. It is your killer instinct which must be harnessed if you expect to survive in combat. Your rifle is only a tool. It is a hard heart that kills. If your killer instincts are not clean and strong, you will hesitate at the moment of truth. You will not kill. You will become dead Marines. And then you will be in a world of shit. Because Marines are not allowed to die without permission! Do you maggots understand?"
— Gunnery Sergeant Hartman on the M14's value, Full Metal Jacket
Note: Multiple live action productions from The '70s and The '80s supposedly featuring the M14 are actually using the Beretta BM59, an Italian weapon based on the very same idea, owing its existence to the fact the Italian Army didn't have many funds to replace their M1 Garands and Beretta had produced them under license. The only practical differences between the two weapons is that the BM59 has an integral folding bipod and a flash suppressor that can work to shoot rifle grenades, and it's even heavier than the M14.
- Rainbow Six, in Rogue Spear and Raven Shield.
- "This is my rifle. There are many others like it, but this one is mine."
- In I Only Wanted To Help, the M14 is the protagonist's weapon of choice.
- The M21 version is standard equipment for the US snipers in Operation Flashpoint, and is quite possibly the most versatile weapon in the game. ARMA II has the M14 DMR version, while Operation Arrowhead adds an original M14 with an Aimpoint sight. ARMA III includes both the Mk 14 under a slightly-different name, and, with the Marksmen DLC, another original M14.
- Battlefield: Vietnam, used by the US and ARVN, the M14 is the primary weapon for engineers while the M21 is an option for snipers.
- Again in Battlefield: Bad Company 2: Vietnam; the base game also features the Mk 14.
- Battlefield 3 and 4 both feature the M39 EMR. In the former game it's the fourth weapon unlocked through scoring points in the co-op mode, and shows up very sporadically in both co-op and singleplayer. In the latter it's one of the last DMRs unlocked in multiplayer, but is the first hidden weapon available in the campaign (also showing up on the cover art).
- Recruits in Forrest Gump are shown dis- and re-assembling M14 rifles in training, with Gump himself doing so in record time.
- The Mk 14 Mod 0 EBR (a modernized M14 with a collapsible stock and multiple accessory rails) shows up in Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots as the standard sniper rifle of the PMCs, and is one of the best all round rifles in the game due to the ease with which it can be acquired, abundant ammunition due to nearly every enemy using weapons firing the same round, and being the only sniper rifle-type weapon that has any ability for customization.
- The M1A SOCOM 16, a semi-auto only M14 variant with a 16-inch barrel and a short rail for a scope, is usable in darkSector as the "VX Carbine."
- Far Cry 3 and 4 likewise both feature the SOCOM 16 as the "MS16", unlocked in both games after liberating 10 radio/bell towers, able to mount two attachments with options of a suppressor, a sight of some kind, and/or an extended magazine. In 3 it's one of the best weapons for mid- to long-range stealth combat, but in 4 it's been nerfed to have similar damage to the smaller assault rifles; the game does however include a slightly better Signature version called "The Trooper", which mounts all three possible attachment options (including a 4X marksman sight that the regular version can't get).
- Wielded by American soldiers in Goldfinger.
- Appears in Fallout Tactics, although incorrectly using the .303 British ammo.
- The M14 is useable in the multiplayer of Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare and Black Ops.note Its M21 variant also appears often in 4. The Mk 14 takes its place Modern Warfare 2 and 3, the Mod 1 as a sniper rifle in 2 and the campaign of 3, and the Mod 0 as a regular semi-auto rifle in the multiplayer and Spec Ops modes of 3. This gun also appears in Call of Duty: Ghosts as a Marksman Rifle, and again in Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare.
- The M14 is available in several different variants in 7.62 High Calibre. In addition to the M14 and the M14 Sniper Mod, you can also get the Springfield M1A, a civilian version (no automatic fire), and the M1A 'Scout', which is smaller and less accurate, but less expensive.
- The Juggernaut Tactical Rogue M14 is a bullpup conversion kit for M14 rifles. The weight and length are cut down drastically, and the barrel rise actually becomes barrel fall when the muzzle break is equipped, making trick shots such as aiming for the head a better idea, as it will line you up a body shot anyhow.
- A Springfield Armory M1A appears in PAYDAY The Heist as the M308, where it sports digital camouflage and can be fitted with a reflex sight. It returns in PAYDAY 2 where it's more inspired by the M14 DMR (adding a selector switch; notably, this is the only weapon in the game with multiple fire modes that defaults to semi-auto), and can be turned into a Mk 14 with the "Abraham" stock.
- Killing Floor, where one of the Sharpshooter's most powerful and expensive weapons is a Mark 14 with a traditional stock and a Laser Sight. It's returned for Killing Floor 2 as of the Sharpshooter update, now fitted with the original sliding stock and an ACOG for long-range work.
- Upotte!!: Ichiyon/Fourteen is the personification of an original M14 rifle. As a joke on the info given above, she often attempts to fire her weapon in full-auto only to lose control of it and miss every shot.
- The Bureau: XCOM Declassified takes place during the brief period where the M14 was a standard issue weapon, so every Army grunt seen in-game is carrying one. Carter and XCOM Commandos can use them as well.
- SWAT 3 allows you to arm yourself and your fellow officers with the M1A, with options of the standard wooden stock, an all-black one, or a forest-camo one.
- The Jagged Alliance series features the M14 as one of the high-end weapons. The first game apparently made note that the rifle is a Chinese copy made by Norinco. It's also the only battle rifle to appear in all of the games.
- Red Eye from Dirty Bomb is equipped with this by default but it can also be equipped by Aimee.
- Naturally, Tim O'Brien's platoon in The Things They Carried occasionally used M14s alongside their standard-issue M16A1s.
- Used in Kong: Skull Island by Colonel Packard as his primary weapon.
The M1903 Springfield rifle is a five shot, bolt action rifle that was used by all branches of the United States military. The rifle was developed in the aftermath of the Spanish-American War. There, U.S Army and Marines armed with a number of lever-action rifles and the Krag-Jørgensen rifle were often outmatched in firepower by Spanish and Cuban soldiers armed with Spanish-made versions of Gewehr 93 Mausers. Specifically, two shortcomings in the Krag's design were that it lacked the ability to be quickly reloaded with a stripper clip and it could not load high-velocity ammunition without being damaged. Though modified versions of the Krag were tested in small numbers that got rid of the first shortcoming, and there was some room to strengthen the Krag actionnote , the U.S military knew they had to adopt a new rifle. Seeing an obviously superior weapon system in the Mauser, Springfield Armory did its best to recreate it by copying the Mauser almost wholesale apart from the furniture, exposed cocking piece, and down-turned bolt handle (a feature Mauser wouldn't adopt until the late 1920s). The result was the M1903 Springfield, chambered for the short-lived .30-03 and soon the .30-06 round that quickly replaced it, the latter would be the mainstay rifle round of the U.S Military until the formation of NATO. So similar to the Mauser 93 and 98 was the Springfield that Mauser Werke sued the U.S Government, who were forced to pay royalties to Mauser. In a fit of irony, the first notable engagement the rifle was used in was during World War I, used by United States Marines against German soldiers carrying Mausers. It proved to be reliable, accurate and much quicker to reload, much to the dismay of the Germans who were on the other end of it.note When WW2 broke out, the United States supplied Springfields to foreign powers as part of the Lend-Lease program, most notably Nationalist China. The rifle was just being supplemented and eventually replaced with the M1 Garand when the Japanese struck at Pearl Harbor. During the first years of the Pacific Campaign and the U.S' entry into Northern Africa as part of Operation Torch, the Springfield was still the primary service rifle of the Marines and the Army until finally being (mostly) replaced by the Garand mid-way through the war. In 1942, production shifted to the M1903A3, which used cheaper stamped steel parts and a simplified but more practical rear sight.note Production continued for the duration of the war for rear-line units (and initially for the Marines, until they too had enough Garands to go around), as the production lines for Springfields were incapable of manufacturing Garands or M1 Carbines without significant retooling that nobody had time for. The Springfield was not removed entirely from service, though. The most celebrated use for the Springfield was that of a sniper's rifle. Already an accurate and powerful rifle, many Springfields were modified to be more accurate and fitted with scopes as the M1903A4 (in the Army; the Marines used a different modification of existing M1903A1 rifles from their National Match target shooting team, adding a distinctive Unertl 8x power scope that was nearly 20 inches longnote and without a new model number, for their snipers). The Springfield sniper rifle saw service after its infantry rifle version was retired, seeing service in both World Wars, The Korean War and The Vietnam War (alongside the Winchester Model 70 in Marine Corps usage) until finally being replaced by more modern bolt-action rifles based on the Remington 700 and the M21 semi-automatic rifle. Original snipers can be distinguished from modern reproductions by the fact that the manufacturer and model number markets are offset slightly to the left and the serial number slightly to the right so that they remain fully visible with the scope mount in place, while when an M1903A3 is converted into a repro sniper they'll be partially covered by it.note Today, the Springfield is a popular collector's item and surplus examples were and sometimes still are used as hunting rifles.
- Cool Accessory: The Pedersen device was an experimental attachment developed during [WWI] that would allow the Springfield to fire a pistol cartridge in semi-automatic mode. Production started in 1918, but the war ended before any were sent to Europe. Most were destroyed, with the only survivors being sought after collector's items.
- The Springfield rifle and the sniper variant has been seen in just about every WW2 film, television show and video game made featuring the American Military. Examples include: Call of Duty,note The Pacific, Battlefield 1942, Battle of the Bulge, The Big Red One and Saving Private Ryan.
- The Springfield is used frequently by the sailors of the U.S.S San Pablo in The Sand Pebbles.
- Used in Far Cry 2 as the first sniper rifle the player encounters, and the first used by enemy snipers. For no readily apparent reason, all available M1903's are left-handed, fired by right-handed shooters, which is exactly as awkward as it sounds. They're also loaded by inserting the stripper clips into a hole underneath the receiver as if they're a regular magazine.
- Used by the U.S Army after Kong in King Kong (2005) starts tearing through New York City.
- The residents of the Hoovervile The Doctor visits as well as their leader Solomon try to fight off the Daleks with these rifles in the Doctor Who episode "Daleks In Manhattan". Not that it does them a bit of good.
- Used by soldiers of the US and Mexican armies along with the main character Coffer in The Wild Bunch. Among the Mexican soldiers it was presumably a stand-in for Mexican Mausers, as in 1913 the United States wasn't exporting the M1903 to anybody.
- Leon's first sniper rifle is a Springfield M1903 converted to .223 in Resident Evil 4.
- Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth lets the player use this as a weapon, as well as Marsh's followers, U.S Marines and Coast Guardsmen. It's powerful enough to drop even a Deep One in one well-aimed shot.
- A sporterized version is seen in the film A Boy and His Dog, used by Vic. It features a modified stock, peep sight and cut down barrel. Interestingly, this exact same rifle can be seen used by a man aiming from a rooftop in The Book of Eli as a sort of homage.
- The Birdseye sniper rifle in BioShock Infinite is an M1903 with an assumed name, along with a few hybrid features from the Kar-98 and Lee-Enfield (the section of exposed barrel and the detachable box magazine, respectively).
- Added in the Blue Sun mod for 7.62 High Caliber. It's like all other bolt-action rifles from the era: powerful and long range, but slow to fire and reload. Not to mention that the ammo is less common and more expensive.
- Carried by Gary Cooper as Alvin York in Sergeant York, though incorrectly as the real York was issued an M1917 Enfield rifle. Cooper also has a Luger instead of a M1911 due to the difficulty in using blanks in a .45 ACP, handwaved by having a scene of York liberating it from a dead German.note
- In Men of War, the M1903 Springfield is commonly issued to US Army medics and (quite accurately,) US Marines in early Pacific skirmish maps, while the M1903A4 Scoped models are issued to US snipers.
- US Snipers in Company of Heroes are also armed with the M1903 Springfield.
- Appears in BloodRayne as the "Springbrook Rifle."
- In The Lost Battalion almost every solider on the American side is seen carrying the M1903.
- The M1903 appears in Battlefield 1 as a rifle for the Scout class. In addition to two variants with scopes, there is also a variant with a Pedersen device.
A series of bolt action military rifles (the two most triumphant examples being the Gewehr 98 and the Karabiner 98k pictured above, the main infantry weapons of Germany during both World Wars) first issued in 1871 and still in limited use today,note the Mauser rifles have at one time or another been the standard infantry weapons of Germany, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Chile, Peru, Brazil, Argentina, Iran, Israel and many more. Mauser copies were also the standard infantry weapon of Nationalist China and even the United States (as the M1903 Springfield; the US actually paid royalties to Mauser until the Treaty of Versailles) and Britain. Their brief flirtation with replacing the Lee-Enfield came in the form of the Mauser-derived Pattern 1914 during World War I. The US also used this rifle, adapted to .30-06 as the M1917, alongside the M1903 during WW1,note The Japanese Arisaka also drew heavily from the Mauser (though the bolt was internally rather different, the magazine and stripper clip system were a direct copy). Czechoslovakia and Belgium also made numerous Mauser 98 clones for export between the World Wars, when Germany was prohibited from making military weapons, and to a limited extent resumed this practice after World War II. The Mauser design, although not as fast to operate as the Lee Enfield due to its cock-on-opening action, featured a third locking lug and was one of the strongest bolt-action designs of the time (allowing it to be chambered in huge big game hunting magnum rounds from the .300 Winchester Magnum to .577 African game calibers, which the Enfield and Mosin-Nagant would never be able to handle), and counts almost every current-production bolt-action rifle as a descendant. It wasn't until the Weatherby Mark V Magnums, with an insane nine locking lugs, entered the market in the late 1950s that the Mauser 98 was surpassed as the strongest bolt action design, and even then the abundance and lower price kept the Mauser on top sales-wise. Very common on the military surplus market, and sporterized versions are a common European hunting weapon. And not uncommon as an American hunting weapon either, on account of large numbers having been brought back as war trophies; however, since there are multiple incompatible 7.92x57mm specifications, 8mm Mauser in the US is loaded to the lowest one as a precaution, putting it on par with a .30-30 versus the .30-06 power class of European loadings. The Mauser action is also commonly used in factory-built civilian hunting rifles. The Gewehr 1898 is the correct model for WWI. It's identifiable by its high-profile rear sight, straight bolt handle, and the fact that it's ridiculously long. The Karabiner 98 also existed as a weapon for cavalry, artillery, and engineers, though it was a "carbine" only in the sense that it was (slightly) shorter than the G98. After WWI, the further-shortened Karabiner 98 Kurz, or "Carbine 98 Short," became the definitive version in German service. Like its predecessor, the Kar98K was a carbine in name only, and was comparable in length to an M1 Garand or SMLE. It also introduced a down-turned bolt handle, but since they were frequently re-arsenaled with old spare parts, many will still have the WWI-style straight handle. The Chinese in particular have used Mauser rifles for a very long time. The Gewehr 1888 rifle was purchased and put to use by the Qing army, while the locally-produced Hanyang 88 won the Xinhai Revolution for Dr. Sun-yat-Sen's forces and served as the service rifle of Communist China until the Second Sino-Japanese war began. However, the most famous is the Type 24 rifle, the main service rifle of the ROC army during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War 2, as well as seeing limited use during the Chinese Civil War. The Type 24 was a copy of the Kar98K's predecessor, the Mauser M1924 and was superior to the Japanese Type 38 Arisaka in stopping power, rate of fire, range and was shorter in length, although both rifles used a straight bolt handle. Interestingly, Nationalist Chinese soldiers carried rifles featuring Chiang Kai Shek's face carved into the stock. Type 24 rifles captured by Chinese Communist troops were redesignated the Type 79 and often had the ideograph of Chiang Kai Shek's profile defaced.
- Cool scope: The standard German scope reticle (seen on the top right of the picture) is most often associated with sniper versions of the Kar 98, and after the Dragunov's PSO-1 is probably the most recognizable rifle scope reticule in media.note It consists of a horizontal bar with a break in the middle and a vertical one which goes from the bottom of the scope to the middle, with a triangular top. You'll often see a Cold Sniper staring down one of these in a World War 2 movie or a Mafia hit.
- The Gewehr 98 and Karabiner 98k are iconic mook weapons for movies set during World War I or II. Somewhat less commonly, Gewehr 98's are seen as an IRA weapon in movies depicting the Irish Civil War (Truth in Television).
- The World War II iterations of the Medal of Honor and Call of Duty video game series feature the 98k quite heavily.
- Shirai, the female Chinese guerilla in My Way, uses a Type 24.
- In Public Enemies, Christian Bale carries a Model 98 Sporter in 9.3x57mm Mauser.
- Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade features the Spanish Mauser, as well as the Czech vz. 24 model. The latter was commonly used by the real-life Nazis after they conquered Czechoslovakia; since it was the same length as the K98k and most of the parts interchanged, for once their affinity for captured weapons didn't introduce another logistical nightmare.
- The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor features the Chinese Type 24 (aka "Chiang Kai-Shek Rifle") in the hands of rogue Nationalist troops.
- Remember how some Mausers are made for .577 Nitro? Quinn's rifle in Reign of Fire is an Ulriks Mauser T-Rex. if Quinn could shoot straight, they'd probably have less of a dragon problem.
- The Blue Sun mod for 7.62 High Caliber adds the K98k among its many, many new additions. It tends to appear from the beginning of the game in the hands of low-level thugs and bandits, with a very high level of power offset by a slow rate of fire, low capacity, and sheer size and weight.
- In Men of War, the Karabiner 98k model of the is the most commonly issued rifle for German infantry, while the Karabiner 98k Sniper Rifle is used by German sharpshooters.
- The Legacy of the Glorious features a Spanish company making licensed copies of the Mauser 71, and then go on with self-designed improvements.
- German Volksgrenadier and Grenadier Squads use the Karabiner 98k in Company of Heroes.
- The Gewehr 98 appears in Battlefield 1 as a sniper rifle and a scopeless bolt-action rifle for the Scout class.
The rifle that literally didn't win anything — even the MAS-36 could have been said to do so thanks to Free French forces remaining involved with the winning side of WWII; the MAS-49 was France's second foray into rifles that ultimately lost every war they found themselves in. Alternatively, it's the NATO battle rifle that's not chambered in 7.62mm NATO.note Instead, France stuck with the 7.5x54mm round (despite the "7.5" designation, it's actually exactly the same diameter as the 7.62mm NATO) that they'd been using since 1930.note The MAS-49 was the culmination of a nearly 50-year quest by the French Army to issue every soldier a semi-automatic weapon. With development slowed to a crawl by lack of funds and interrupted by the World Wars, it wasn't until the 1950s that the goal was achieved. By that point, having a standard-issue semi-auto was no longer revolutionary at all. The MAS-49 only saw limited production before being replaced by the shorter, rifle grenade capable MAS-49/56. It utilized a tilting bolt system similar to the FAL, and a direct impingement gas system like the later M16. The MAS was beloved by French soldiers for its ability to go for weeks at a time with only the most rudimentary cleaning,note even in the harshest desert and jungle conditions. It also uses the unique system of having the magazine catch on the magazine instead of on the rifle. No one else has ever used this odd system on a standard-issue weapon,note but it works well enough.
- A French sailor in GoldenEye is armed with a MAS-49/56.
- In The Day of the Jackal, French soldiers have MAS-49/56 rifles, while gendarmes carry the older MAS-49.
- The Battle of Algiers has lots of French soldiers carrying the MAS-49. Despite being set in 1966, there are no MAS-49/56s to be seen.
- The Vietnamese first-person shooter 7554 (the name comes from the date 7 May 1954, when North Vietnam defeated the French in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu) includes the MAS-49 and, anachronistically, the MAS-49/56.
A Russian-made bolt-action rifle. It originated as the main infantry rifle of Czarist Russia and saw considerable action in the Second World War as the "long spear" of Red Army snipers. It was also the preferred weapon of The End, the Cobra Unit's aged sniper.
—Description, Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker
Many classic military rifles are beautiful examples of master craftsmanship embodying form and function. The Mosin-Nagant didn't give much of a damn about the former. It's not pretty or refined, but it works. It has enough power to knock a man down a kilometer away, but one off the rack can usually only be trusted to at most 700yds. The action takes a bit of muscle, but there are few ways it can go wrong, all of which can be solved with a properly-applied boot. It's far from perfect, but it is good enough to still be competitive today. The Russian analogue to Mauser-based designs,note this 7.62x54mmR bolt-action rifle was originally designed by Sergei Ivanovich Mosin, with details taken from a competing design by Léon Nagant, first rolled out in 1891 and still seeing use today. It was replaced in Russia as a general issue weapon by SKS and later AK pattern weapons and as a sniper weapon by the SVD, though a handful remained in the active Soviet inventory long enough to see action as sniper/designated marksman rifles in Afghanistan in the 80s (an accurized Mosin-Nagant will outperform a SVD Dragunov in terms of long-range ballistics). Recent events in Ukraine prove Slavs still have a place for the old "garbage rod." Known for its rugged construction, a "safety" that is non-intuitivenote and unknown by most owners of the weapon.note Firing a powerful 7.62x54mmR round, this rifle was used by the Russians in WWI as the M1891 long rifle, by the Soviets in WWII as the shortened 91/30 pictured above, and by both sides in the Russian Civil War and the Russo-Finish Winter War (the previous two leading to the gag that the rifle has "fought itself and won every time"; the Finnish version used 7.62x53mmR ammunition, though the difference was mainly just in name). Simo Häyhä himself used the Finnish Mosin-Nagant M28-30 for most of the war. The British and American expeditions to help the Whites during Red October also saw Tommies and Doughboys outfitted with Mosins, with some being made in America by Remington. The first Mosin order was even fulfilled by France and during the war, the American company Remington made them under contract from the Tsar. Many of these Mosins either went with the American Expeditionary Force or fell into National Guard and military academy hands, where they were mostly just used for practice and drill, until a little something called WW2 came to America's doorstep. When the Japanese encountered the National Guard, more than a few guardsmen were carrying Mosins. China was also a major user of the Mosin, with rifles being bought by or supplied to warlord armies, as well as seeing use by the famed White Russian mercenaries. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the KMT's National Revolutionary Army received Mosins as part of Soviet aid. In The Korean War, the Chinese volunteer forces or the People's Volunteer Army initially used captured Japanese rifles, most commonly the Type 38, alongside locally-produced Mauser rifles to fight the South Korean and UN forces, which they had used to win the Chinese Civil War with. Once the Soviets began giving them lend-lease aid, the PVA briefly used the 91/30, then adopted the Mosin-Nagant M44 carbine as their service rifle. Later on, they copied it as the Type 53, many which were later sent to the Viet Cong. The North Korean army, on the other hand, immediately adopted the 91/30 as their service rifle. And during the Spanish Civil War, the Republicans were provided with huge quantities of Mosins from the USSR, their main source of foreign aid, with both the famous 91/30 and the 1891 long rifle being exported to Spain. The Mosin was used heavily by the Republic's Popular Army and famously served as the primary service rifle of the International Brigades, who nicknamed the Remington-manufactured M1891s "Mexicanskis" due to some arriving wrapped in Mexico City newspapersnote Spanish-marked Mosin-Nagants can be occasionally found on the market, with Spanish lettering and added wire sling hangers to fit European rifle slings being typical features of Spanish Civil War-era Mosins. Poland also produced a very unique and cool copy in the form of the Karabinek wz.91, which involved converting a M1891 long rifle to 7.92mm Mauser, shortening the rifle by 20cm, modifying the sights, replacing the spike bayonet with a new mounting for Polish/German bayonets, modifying the bolt and shortening the firing pin. Mosins were also supplied to every Warsaw Pact member after WW2. Said to be the weapon of legendary snipers like Vasily Zaitsev, Ivan Sidorenko and Simo Häyhä, the latter credited with 505 confirmed kills with the Finnish M28 variant. A massive number of these rifles were made (over 37 million have been produced overall, and 17 million just from the 91/30 variant — only the AK has higher production numbers), and many were packed up by the Soviets to prepare for World War III. When that never came, the crates were bought up by Americans and the rifle is now extremely common on the surplus market for just a couple hundred dollars or even less, though prices of the carbine versions have spiked to around $400. As a result, the Mosin and its foreign copies have become extremely famous in America and obtained a significant fandom there, well-liked for its low cost, availability of ammunition, historical value and ruggedness, performing well as a cheap target or hunting rifle. The Mosin has become popular enough to have various accessories manufactured for it, such as detachable 10 to 30-round magazines, scope mounts and custom triggers. Finnish Mosins tend to be more expensive than the Russian versions, and there are also a variety of rare variations (like the Russian M1907 and Finnish M27Rv cavalry carbines, probably the two rarest of all) that most people will never see outside of pictures or a museum. One particularly unusual, ultra-rare and totally unofficial variant was the "Obrez" pistol, a Mosin-Nagant with the stock and most of the barrel sawed off to form a highly concealable but dubiously practical weapon, which are known to have been used to some extent during the Russian Revolution.note
- Cool Accessory: The M1944 and M91/59, as well as the Chinese Type 53, all feature a side-folding spike bayonet that is permanently attached to the rifle. The iconic spike bayonet of the M1891 and 91/30 also counts.
- Most movies and videogames that feature the Soviet Union during World War 2 will feature the Mosin-Nagant. Often also a first choice weapon for Cold Sniper characters, sometimes to emphasize their distrust of modern technology.
- Famously unbalanced as a sniper weapon in the original Call of Duty due to being the only scoped rifle to reload with a stripper clip (in real life, or even with every other bolt-action sniper weapon in the game, the scope placement prevented this). Even the basic rifle had the best iron sight in the game.
- Has a big role in Enemy at the Gates. Naturally, since the movie is about Vasily Zaitsev.
- The sniper rifle used by The End in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater is a modified Nagant with a pistol grip and folding stock, modified to fire tranquilizer rounds.
- It appears again in Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops, Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots, and Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, always in the same form as The End had it (though in Peace Walker you have to research and upgrade it to that point; it can also be upgraded even further than the old version to take a suppressor) and always firing tranquilizer rounds. The Renov-ICKX sniper rifle in Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain is based off a Czechoslovakian copy of the Mosin, the vz.54, and a unique customized version is Quiet's favored weapon.
- One of the first rifles available in 7.62 High Calibre. It's very powerful and accurate, even compared to later rifles, but features a very long refire time (1.8 seconds in a game where less than 1 second is the standard) and an equally long reload time, to reflect the bolt-action nature of the gun. Also available in the Mosin-Nagant 1944 Carbine, with permanently attached bayonet, and the unbelievably common Sawed-Off Mosin-Nagant 1944, which is Exactly What It Says on the Tin (and also less powerful and less accurate, while being just as slow-firing and slow-reloading).
- Extremely common weapon for the Soviet forces in the Red Orchestra games. Standard riflemen also have the option of the shorter M38 or M44 carbines, while snipers can use a scoped version.
- Appears in PAYDAY 2 with the Gage Historical Pack DLC, as simply the "Nagant". The model appears as the slightly shorter M1907 carbine by default, with the alternate barrel lengths turning it into the even shorter M38 carbine or the full-length M91/30. It's also the first sniper rifle added to the game that can be fitted with iron sights in place of a scope, and the first weapon that can accept a bayonet to increase melee damage when using regular Pistol-Whipping.
- In Men of War, the M91/30 model is the most commonly used rifle for Soviet infantry, while a sniper version of the gun comes attached with a PU scope.
- Appears in the DayZ Standalone. Since it is the only weapon currently in the game that can mount a long-range optic, it is the closest thing the game has to a true sniper rifle. This, and its relative commonality make it a popular choice for PvP.
- Ghost Recon: Future Soldier features one with modernized features as the "MN91/30" in a pre-order bonus, available to Bodark scouts as their equivalent to the Ghosts' M40A5 from the same pack. It returns in Ghost Recon Wildlands with an Archangel Manufacturing stock and an extended, detachable magazine as the "M1891."
- Commonly seen in the hands of Soviet conscripts in Company of Heroes 2, with Sniper Teams using the scoped version of the rifle.
- While serving in the Spanish civil war, George Orwell managed to examine a fresh Mosin-Nagant from an Assault Guardsman, which he names the "Russian rifle". Although he notes that the rifle was far from perfect, he describes them as vastly superior to the Spanish Mauser M1893 long rifles, which he labels "old blunderbusses".
P' 14 Enfield/ M1917 US Enfield
After the rather harrowing experience of their soldiers in the Boer War, the British Army took a hard look at their issued small arms and came to the (incorrect—see the Lee-Enfield entry above) conclusion that their No.1 Mk III SMLE rifles were inferior to the German-made Mausers used by the Boers, therefore the Empire's men should be equipped with Mausers. Of course, being British, they weren't about to just buy them off the Germans like everybody else. And there was also the matter of those pesky patent laws, as the Americans found out the hard way when Mauser Werke sued the US Government over the M1903 rifle. So the only solution was to build a better Mauser, without using anything Paul Mauser would recognize as his own. By 1914 they had come up with something that was basically a Mauser/SMLE hybrid: a Mauser-style bolt and 5-round charger-loaded internal-box magazine with an Enfield-style safety (on the opposite side of the receiver compared to the SMLE) and a cock-on-closing mechanism with a new and greatly-improved sight. This rifle was officially adopted as the Pattern-1914. There was just one small complication: the UK was now embroiled in a major conflict with the Germans, Austrians, and Turks, and the Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield was too busy turning out desperately-needed SMLEs to retool their production line. Thus, the P'14 was outsourced to the United States, with Winchester, Remington, and Remington's subsidiary Eddystone contracted for production. The new rifle was rugged and accurate, if a bit on the hefty side, and was well-liked. It saw some frontline use in the Great War, but was relegated to the Home Guard afterwards, as the SMLE was available in much greater numbers and had proven itself to be a fine rifle. When America entered the war in 1917, the Army realized that it couldn't get its hands on enough M1903s to equip the Doughboys shipping out to France with existing production capability. Remington, Winchester, and Eddystone had just completed their P'14 contracts, but would need months to retool their factories for the '03. A quick test proved that the P'14, designed for the rimmed .303 British cartridge, could be rechambered for rimless US .30/06 with minimal modification. With that, and a rear sight calibrated to .30/06, the US Rifle, Caliber .30, M1917 was born. The "US Enfield" had a few teething problems (Winchester let their quality control lapse a bit early on), but these were quickly corrected and the M1917 became the most common American weapon on the Western Front. It was prized for its exceptional accuracy, and the cock-on-closing mechanism cycled more smoothly than even the Springfield's excellent bolt, but it was longer and heavier than the Springfield. Like its British cousin, the M1917 was mostly relegated to rear-line use after the war, as it had only been adopted in the first place as a stopgap weapon. Some were issued to the Philippine Army and saw action against the Japanese. A large number of them were sent to England under Lend-Lease to equip the British Home Guard in WWII. These had a red stripe painted on the stock to differentiate them from .303 P'14s. The M1917 was also the most common Lend-Lease rifle provided to Nationalist China, especially for use by the American equipped and trained units in Burma. As the M1917 itself was quite long and heavy, the M1917 was shortened for the Chinese soldiers, who tended to be of smaller stature than their American allies. The shortened rifle was also more suitable for close-quarters fighting in the jungle. The entire inventory of M1917 rifles (minus those still held by the Philippine Army) was declared surplus in 1946. Many were chopped down and sporterized, becoming quite popular as cheap deer rifles in the 50s and 60s. Today it's actually surprisingly difficult to find a US Enfield in "GI" condition, with unmodified rifles fetching $1000 or more as collectibles.
- If you see a movie about US troops in WWI (not nearly as common as movies about the British or French in WWI), there's about a 50/50 chance they will carry M1917s instead of M1903s.
- The titular hero of the Crocodile Dundee movies favors a sporterized P-1914.
- In The Untouchables, the Canadian Mounties who assist Ness's team in the border ambush are armed with P'14 rifles.
- Army personnel on the streets of Manhattan in the third act of King Kong (2005) carry a mix of M1917s and M1903s, plus at least one BAR.
- An M1917 is used by Chalky White in Boardwalk Empire.
- A posse/militiaman has an M1917 in Night of the Living Dead.
The SVT-40 (Samozaryadnaya Vintovka Tokareva-40, meaning Tokarev self-loading rifle, model of the year 1940) is a semi-automatic gas-operated rifle developed in Russia. Developed after Fedor Tokarev gave up developing a recoil-operated self-loading rifle, the SVT entered an Army trial in 1935, but lost to Simonov's AVS-36. In service however, the AVS-36 had a myriad of problems, the least of which was an overly complicated action and near-uncontrollable automatic fire. This led to Simonov and Tokarev resubmitting their improved designs, this time Tokarev's rifle winning (this rifle was designated the SVT-38). However, when the USSR went to war with Finland, the SVT-38 had its own problems too, like its complexity (keep in mind, Soviet troops were often poorly educated conscripts) and the magazine's annoying tendency to fall out of the rifle. Tokarev responed by redesigning it into the SVT-40, solving the issue with a modified magazine release, as well as being lighter. Unfortunately, the rifle didn't become as well-liked as the Mosin-Nagant in the Red Army. In contrast to the Mosin's rudimentary nature and rugged construction, the SVT-40 was too "elite" - it was more difficult to manufacture and maintain and cannot hold well when firing corrosive-primed ammunition without frequent cleaning. Although the SVT-40 performed spectacularly when issued to better-trained and more careful troops, such as the Soviet naval infantry, the rife was falling increasingly out of favor with the majority of army troops. This all led to its diminishing production, until it finally bit the dust in 1945. To add insult to injury, many rifles were lost during the disastrous initial months of the war with Germany, forcing the restart of Mosin-Nagant production. The Germans, meanwhile, liked it enough for it to see widespread use against their former Soviet owners - they even issued an operating manual for it. The SVT-40's true claim to fame comes from its operating principle, utilizing a short-stroke gas piston; it inspired many weapons with the same principle both during and after the war. The Germans studied its gas system and ended up copying it for the Gewehr 43, an improved version of their own attempt at a semi-automatic rifle. Simonov's SKS carbine, mentioned earlier, also took influence from it. Later, the FN-49 and the FN FAL used the same operating principle. In short, the gun was excellent as a rifle from the technical perspective and did perform well when given the maximum care, it was just far too complex for the Soviets' liking - the time and resources spent to make a single SVT could have built several far-simpler weapons, which contributed to the immense demand of rifles on the Soviet's front line. A full-auto version was also designed to supplement existing machine guns, named the AVT-40. It ultimately had many of the same issues the earlier AVS-36 had, with the recoil making it impossible to control in full-auto fire, and in fact could often break apart when fired in this manner. The only upside this version had was that the stock was slightly more stout than the original SVT-40 stock, so some surplus stocks were attached to refurbished SVTs. Rifles that were refurbished after the war can be identified primarily by the plum-colored finish on the bolt.
- Call of Duty first features the weapon in United Offensive, to help even out the different countries' armaments by giving them a semi-auto rifle; it also shows up in 2 and World at War, the latter making it the first semi-auto rifle available.
- Penal Battalions in Company of Heroes use the SVT in battle.
- One of the rifles added in the Blue Sun Mod for 7.62mm High Calibre. There's also a sniper version with a scope and bipod.
- Featured as the only semi-auto rifle available to the Red Army in Red Orchestra, available in standard form with a detachable bayonet or in sniper form with a PU 3.5x scope. It reappears in the second game, in both standard form (which can be fitted with a more powerful 6x scope) and the AVT-40.
- Available in Sniper Elite V2 with a pre-order or purchase of the "Kill Hitler" DLC. Being a semi-auto with a detachable magazine it has advantages in fire rate and time to reload, but it suffers from a less powerful scope and being less accurate than the other rifles. It returns in Sniper Elite III with the same characteristics.