Secret Wars is a twelve-issue comic book Crisis Crossover limited series published from May 1984 to April 1985 by Marvel Comics.Originally envisioned to promote a new line of action figures, the series features a huge war between the greatest heroes and villains of the Marvel Universe. And Bulldozer.An omnipotent Cosmic Entity by the name of The Beyonder, fascinated by the presence of superheroes on Earth and their potential, chooses groups of both heroes and supervillains and teleports them against their will to "Battleworld", a planet created by him in a distant galaxy, stocked with alien weapons, technology and mismatched parts from different worlds. He tells them to kill each other, and, to the victor, his greatest desire will be granted. His purpose is to understand the (to him) alien concept of "desire".The heroes include the Fantastic Four (minus Sue Storm, who was pregnant at the time), The Mighty Thor, the Jim Rhodes version of Iron Man, the Monica Rambeau version of Captain Marvel, She-Hulk, Spider-Man, The Incredible Hulk, Hawkeye, Captain America and The Wasp, with the second Spider-Woman (Julia Carpenter) showing up several issues in (in her first appearance). Members of the X-Men (Professor X, Cyclops, Storm, Colossus, Wolverine, Nightcrawler, Rogue, and Lockheed The Dragon) split off from the main heroic team and act as a separate faction for much of the book. Magneto, buffing up his Anti-Villain credentials, also does his own thing for awhile before joining with his fellow mutants.Villains include Doctor Doom, Doctor Octopus, Klaw, Ultron, The Lizard, The Wrecking Crew, The Enchantress, Kang The Conqueror, Molecule Man, The Absorbing Man, and new villains Titania and Volcana. Galactus The Planet Eater is also there acting as his own non-allied entity.So, as you might guess, new friends are made, old alliances are tested, complicated intrigues are formulated, and in the end, everyone gets home without anyone dying, though Spidey gets a shiny new black costume inspired by Spider-Woman's (which would later become the Venom symbiote), She-Hulk replaces The Thing in the Fantastic Four (who stays behind after he finds he can revert to human form on the Battleworld), Volcana hooks up with Molecule Man, and Colossus gets Strangled by the Red String to an alien healer, causing him to break up with Kitty Pryde. The toy line sold poorly, but the comics sold well, and the whole thing was continued the next year in Secret Wars II in which the Beyonder came to Earth and tried becoming human. This series was seen by some as a Self-Insert Fic by Jim Shooter (writer of both series and current Editor in Chief of Marvel at the time), and as a Spiritual Successor of The Korvac Saga, also written by Shooter.The Beyonder got retconned into a delusional lesser cosmic being, not really omnipotent (still more powerful than Earth's heroes, however) in a Fantastic Four story years later, in what was apparently a Take That at Shooter. Steve Englehart, FF writer at the time, reported that this was editorial interference.There was a miniseries in the 2000s titled "Secret War" but it had nothing to do with the first two. Instead, it was about superspy Nick Fury getting some heroes to help him track the source of supervillain technology (which turned out to be Lucia Von Vardas), and ended with Fury being removed as leader of S.H.I.E.L.D. for acting without permission.There was also a miniseries entitled "Beyond!" in which the events of the first series seemed to be playing all over again, with a reduced cast of heroes and villains. It was finally revealed not to be the Beyonder, but The Stranger pretending for "research purposes".A pared down version of the first Secret Wars was adapted for Spider-Man: The Animated Series, reducing the number of characters involved and making Spider-Man the leader of the forces of good rather than Captain America. It was well-received and is considered one of the greatest episode arcs of the show.
This Work Shows Examples Of The Following Tropes:
Adventure-Friendly World / Benevolent Architecture: Multiple characters note little things about how the world is ideal for their powers and methods. Spider-Man has plenty of stuff to attach his webs to. Storm notes the air is "thick but easy to control" making it even easier to fly on. The heroes are provided with conveniently humane prison cells. Etc.
Anti-Villain/ Anti-Hero (Type IV): While this might not be Magneto's most heroic period (he's very conniving in the early issues), it's certainly his most publicly heroic period. To wit:
When the heroes and villains are first gathered by the Beyonder, Magneto is sorted with the heroes. The Beyonder classified them due to their desires, and Magneto's goal of mutant supremacy was more noble than the other villains' desires of personal power and wealth.
During the last few issues, he accepts Captain America's leadership and fights alongside the heroes without hesitation.
Towards the end, when it looks like the world's tearing itself apart, Cap runs into the heroes' HQ to free captured villains from their cells, so they're not crushed to death. He learns this was also Magneto's first impulse.
Awakening the Sleeping Giant: Molecule Man. Up till this point, he made very limited application of his powers and believed he was limited to inorganic matter and was very meek and submissive. Over the course of Secret Wars I and II, he first learns that he is capable of affecting all matter on any scale and slowly overcomes his meekness to the point that he goes toe to toe with the Beyonder in the second book having accepted that he's the second most powerful being in the universe.
It should be pointed out that early in the series, before he gets starts getting more powerful and confident, he is able to casually drop a mountain on the heroes without so much as breaking a sweat.
Followed not too long after that by ripping an even larger chunk of the planet's crust (over 2 billion tons of matter) and sweeping it up into almost the vacuum of space with all the heroes on it because he was angry at Doom who had just gained the Beyonder's powers and wanted to get everyone else out of his way and he did it just as casually as waving a hand. That being just before Doom uses the Beyonder's powers to remove Molecule Man's self-imposed limitations.
Be Careful What You Wish For: Although the characters don't realize it, Battleworld was granting their wishes all along. This is why both Colossus and The Human Torch find "the perfect girlfriend" (Zsaji) and The Thing can change back to human.
Actually the Thing was revealed prior to that that he had already gained that ability but his belief that his girlfriend could only love him as the Thing had been the reason Reed's attempts at cures had been failing in recent years. Reed never told him (leading to a What the Hell, Hero? moment for Reed) and only the idea that they likely would never return to Earth broke down those limitations.
Beware the Nice Ones: Owen Reece is the nicest guy on the villains side. A complete milquetoast and very sensitive. He also drops an entire mountain range on the heroes with the flick of his wrist. Even the Hulk with all his might could only hold open a pocket under the mountain range and Thor, who was was hammering with all his might from the surface, could only be heard as a faint tapping by the heroes trapped beneath. As we see later, if when he doesn't hold himself back, Owen Reece is potentially more powerful than Galactus.
Lets put it another way. Doom, who treats the rest of the villains as his servants, is actually nice to Owen. It has the others scratching their heads until Owen first demonstrates his power.
Christmas Rushed: Marvel's corporate offices ordered production on this series sped up so they could get it to stores before DC's Crisis on Infinite Earths. It shows in some of the dialogue and the ham-handed (in-story) way in which the various heroes and villains were shoe-horned into it.
E.g., Doctor Doom was dead at the time, but appears here with no explanation, 'cause he's Marvel's biggest villain, darnit. John Byrne, writer of the Fantastic Four comic at the time, had to whistle up a complicated time-travel story in the following months to explain it.
C-List Fodder: Surprisingly averted. The Wasp gets shot through the heart at one point, and Doom offs a couple of minor villains out of pique, but in the end they're Only Mostly Dead.
Co-Dragons: Once Doom has firmly established himself as the villains' leader, Ultron and Doctor Octopus share this role. Ultron has been reprogrammed to be Doom's loyal enforcer and bodyguard, while Octopus is pretty much the only one on Doom's intellectual level who can scheme with him. Once Octopus leaves the planet with most of the villains, Doom replaces him with Klaw, who basically just acts as a sounding board.
Conflict Ball/Fantastic Racism: Hawkeye and the Torch act suspicious towards the X-Men for much of the series, despite having worked with them before. Anti-mutant bias makes little sense for either of them since Johnny's nephew is a mutant and Clint was in love with one (the Scarlet Witch).
Continuity Snarl: Doctor Doom was dead at the time of this series, but was too big a baddie to be left out. The Fantastic Four comic spent much of the next year unraveling how Doom could be present for the Wars while dead.
Convection Schmonvection: When the Human Torch uses his "nova flame" to take out Ultron, it burns so hot that it melts clean through the surrounding solid-metal walls and floor. When the smoke clears, Captain America, who was standing a few yards away and protected only by huddling his upper body behind his shield, is perfectly unharmed. Apparently, his body's melting point is a lot higher than that of whatever alien metal was used to build Doombase.
Well, obviously. Mundane fire, no matter how hot, will never burn bright enough to melt AMERICA.
Curb-Stomp Battle: Spider-Man using his vastly superior agility, reaction-time, and combat experience to take out Titania. She not only never landed a punch on him, but he took his time while delivering her beat down, all the while delivering a classic "The Reason You Suck" Speech. It made her fearful of Spider-Man for years, despite the fact that she is much, much stronger and Nigh Invulnerable.
Earlier, She-Hulk breaks into Doombase alone, to take revenge for the Wasp (supposed dead at the time). She briefly holds her own against the Wrecking Crew, but the addition of Titania, Doc Ock, and the Absorbing Man to the fight results in them beating her nearly to death. The pummeling she takes verges on Nightmare Fuel.
Even earlier Spider-Man comes upon the X-men plotting to join Magneto, he prepares to tail on them and easily beats down Wolverine, Rogue, Cyclops, Storm, Nightcrawler and Colossus before getting mindwiped by Xavier.
Double Standard: When gathering bad guys, the Beyonder was apparently only able to find one A-list villainess, the Enchantress. (Marvel had a lack, at the time.) Doctor Doom later rectifies this by empowering two civilians into Titania and Volcana.
Executive Meddling: Colossus' falling for Zsaji was the result of writer Jim Shooter disliking the awkwardness of pairing the 19 year old with 14 year old Kitty Pryde.
After Doctor Doom gains the power of the Beyonder making him capable of anything. However, every time he uses the power he is at risk of it going out of control and granting his subconscious desires wheather it be destroying solar systems or resurrecting dead heroes. However, this problem is compounded by the fact that Doom uses the power for everything after gaining it; even menial tasks, and thus takes a risk every time he does use it. It never occurred to him to fall back on his armor or build robots to do tasks for him. For example, he didn't need omnipotence to kill Captain America; the blasters in his gauntlets could have done that. You don't need omniscience to check on the heroes to make sure they are dead; a monitor and a camera on a flying robot could have done it for him.
Johnny and Hawkeye are uncharacteristically antagonistic towards the X-Men because they're mutants, even though they've both worked with the X-Men and other mutants multiple times in the past. Hell, Johnny's nephew is a mutant and Clint was in love with one (the Scarlet Witch).
I Shall Taunt You: While the Hulk holds up the mountain to prevent the heroes from being crushed (see Load-Bearing Hero below), Reed Richards insults him so that anger will give him the extra strength to hang on.
Oddly, the toy line bore almost no resemblance to the comic. There were only four heroes and four villains (including Kang, who dies early in the series, and Magneto, who's a hero in the comics) in the first set of toys, and each had a shield supposedly used to send secret messages (only Captain America had a shield in the comics, and it was his usual, non-message-sending one). The second set of toys added characters who weren't even in the comic (Falcon, Daredevil, Baron Zemo, etc.).
Funnily enough, there's now a current series of toys involving reprints of Secret Wars and Secret Wars II, which has fewer "continuity" problems than the original toy line.
Not That Kind of Doctor: A fellow supervillain asks Dr. Octopus to help an injured colleague because he's a "Doctor," he points out that he has a doctorate in nuclear physics.
Plot Hole: A retroactive one at least. When Spider-Man gets his new black symbiote costume he celebrates by playfully squirtingthe Human Torch in the face with the costume's built-in web shooters, and the Human Torch comments that this new stuff is "even harder to burn off than your old webbing!" However, later comics established that A) the "webbing" created by the symbiotes are actually cast off pieces of the symbiotes themselves made to look like webs, and B) symbiotes are weak against fire. Given that, logically Spidey's new webbing should be easier for Torch to burn off, not harder.
"The Reason You Suck" Speech: Spider Man verbally eviscerates Titania. It's brutal to read but well deserved, especially since Titania had just delivered an awful beat down of She-Hulk.
Spider-Man: "You ought to be happy, cuddles! You aspired to be a bully, and, man, you're a classic! You talk tough and nasty when you've got the upper hand—But when you're losing—well, that's when the whining little wimp-ette inside comes spilling out!"
Squishy Wizard: The Molecule Man, at least until he discovers his full potential. For example, he is able to drop an entire mountain range that dwarfs the appalachians on the heroes with no effort but is dropped by a single stab from Wolverine who had spent most of the series to this point getting swatted around by lesser villains.
The Omnipotent: The Beyonder and Doom once he steals the Beyonder's power. Though his mortal mind can't handle it. Owen Reece is also basically this once Doom reveals to him that he's been holding himself back. In the sequel he goes toe to toe with the Beyonder.
The Starscream: Kang, being so similar to Doom, was this at the very beginning. His first action being to attempt to kill Doom by shooting down his craft. Doom repays the favor the next time they meet by ordering Ultron to destroy him. He Gets Better.
Throw-Away Country: The galaxy destroyed by the Beyonder at the beginning of the crossover series.
Token Minority Couple: Averted. Rhodes!Iron Man tried flirting with Rambeau!Captain Marvel, but she could tell there was someone different under the armor, and wasn't quite as impressed with the new guy.
Totally Radical: Some of the dialogue. She-Hulk actually says "TO THE MAX!" at one point.
Tweener: Magneto throughout, and Galactus to a certain extent. The Lizard was mostly there by accident, and doesn't seem to have any allegiance to anyone, save Wasp, who bandaged up his injuries.
Galactus is simply above it all. From his perspective, he's been transported by a superior alien being to a new world alongside some rodents, insects, and a couple of chimps (Reed and Doom) so he spends most of the series ignoring them and trying to engage the alien.
There was a What If? where Doctor Doom kept the Beyonder's power and proceeds to turn the world into a utopia, free his mother's soul, acquire the Infinity Gauntlet, and defeat every major race and god-like entity in the Marvel Universe.
What If? v2 #114 told the story of what would have happened had the heroes never gotten home. Notably:
Rogue was permanently consumed by the personality she'd absorbed from Carol Danvers.
Spidey and the Symbiote are now one, to the point that when the Symbiote is hit by a sonic attack, there's nothing left of Peter underneath but his skeleton.
Professor Xavier now wears an upgraded Iron Man suit to protect his health and allow him to walk.
Several characters, including Magneto, James Rhodes, and Reed Richards, have died in the twenty-five year interim.
The Hulk disappears, becoming something of a bogeyman.
There are kids, who have powers based on a combination of both parents'. The good kids are Crusader (Cap and Rogue/Carol), Bravado (Thor and Enchantress), Mustang (Hawkeye and She-Hulk), Firefly (Human Torch and Wasp), and Torrent (Wolverine and Storm). The bad kids are Malefactor (Dr. Doom and Enchantress), Chokehold (Absorbing Man and Titania), Moleculon (Molecule Man and Volcana), Gator (Lizard and... someone), and Raze (Wrecker and an unidentified woman).
Would Hit a Girl: Spider-Man has no qualms about beating the crap out of Titania.