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Comic Strip: The Family Circus
Billy likes to wander a lot.

Todd Gaines: There you are, enjoying your comics, when all of a sudden there's the Family Circus just waiting to suck, and ruin your whole experience.
Claire: Then why don't you just not read it?
Todd Gaines: I hate it, but I'm compelled to read it.
— Dialogue from the movie Go

In its literal form, Bil Keane's The Family Circus (originally The Family Circle) is about the innocent childhood adventures of young siblings Billy, Dolly, Jeffy, and infant P.J. Occasionally, parents Bil and Thel will contribute some insightful comment about the children's exploits, like when they all were imitating Wayne's World and Bil says "Makes sense to me. NOT!!"

Other characters include random neighbor children, pets, extended family members (many of whom are dead), and various ghosts representing childhood excuses. A standard Family Circus trope is for a parent to ask the children who broke something, only for them all to say "not me"... just as a ghost named "Not Me" flees the scene, damning evidence of the crime in hand.

Family Circus Sunday strips are also notable for generally sticking to the format of the weekday strip; often consisting of an elaborately drawn single panel strip. Some of these Sunday strips have a gimmick where, through the usage of a dotted line arrow, you can see the path taken by Billy or another of the Keane children, through a heavily detailed map of a neighborhood, usually done to show how kids can get distracted why running simple errands. The 1990s added another set of themed strips ("It's Apparent You're A Parent"), which expands the Sunday strip to multi-panel (or in this case, circle) format to showcase how parenthood, through Bil and Thel, affect their everyday lives when dealing with their fellow adults.

Occassionally, the strip will go on a week-long "hiatus" as Bil Keane allowed his then young son, and later his grandson, to contribute rather crudely drawn "fill-in" strips when their father and grandfather needs to take a breather from work.

Besides little kids, the sincere fanbase for the comic consists of moms and grandmas who love the domestic slice-of-life humor of writers like the late Erma Bombeck; in fact, she and Keane were friends. One of Keane's sons, Glen, became a top animator at Disney (the lead animator on Ariel, the Beast, Pocahontas and John Silver, among others). Another son, Jeff, began assisting his dad with the comic in the 2000s, and has taken over following Bil's death in November 2011.

While it's ostensibly a humorous comic strip with a wide circulation, The Family Circus has been more popular as the butt of jokes at least since The Nineties. Amazon.com's user-contributed book reviews are infamous for containing snarky reviews of the printed collections of panels. Such reviews usually fawn over the tremendous symbolism and deep philosophical meaning in its plain single-panel storylines, often discovering hidden Freudian or religious symbolism. The Comics Curmudgeon blog takes particular delight in mocking the strip and its characters. In the Diary of a Wimpy Kid novels, which are aimed at preteens, it's parodied as Li'l Cutie.

The early days of the Web (1995-99) saw a Web Original feature called Dysfunctional Family Circus. Family Circus strips were posted without the original caption, inviting readers to submit alternate interpretations of the scene. Hilarity ensued. DFC's creator said "A number of people have told me they don't like The Family Circus because they don't think it applied to them — they never experienced anything remotely like it." One newspaper called the DFC a "twisted Rorschach test." Perhaps this explains why Todd Gaines, the cynical drug dealer from the 1999 film Go, was compelled to read Family Circus every day.

For all the abuse it gets, it's clear that The Family Circus speaks to a lot of people. As another newspaper observed at the height of the DFC controversy, no one would bother making a Web site called The Dysfunctional Fusco Brothers.

A Live-Action Adaptation film is planned for the future.

Provides examples of:

  • Animated Adaptation: In the late 1970s/early '80s, Christmas, Valentine's Day and Easter specials were made.
  • All Just a Dream: As part of a 1997 April Fools' Day project in which many newspaper comic writers/artists swapped strips for the day, Comic Strip/Dilbert's Scott Adams did that day's Family Circus, with Mom in the role of Pointy-Haired Boss encouraging Billy to "work cuter, not harder." (See Self-Deprecation below for the counterpart comic.) The following day's Family Circus explained this as one of the kids having a nightmare.
  • Art Evolution: Though most is explained in Early Installment Weirdness below, up through the mid-1990s Mommy had puffy Olive Oyl-ish hair and a completely round face like the kids, as opposed to the very broad chin she has now.
  • Black Bead Eyes: All the characters.
  • Characterization Marches On: In the earliest years, the dad was more buffoonish and deadbeat he was overweight, wore a hat, drank, smoke, pounded on the table when Thel tried to nag him, etc. About 10 years in, he was overhauled as the trimmer, more competent and sympathetic dad he is today.
  • Cheerful Child: All the kids.
  • Children Are Innocent: Played straight. Between this and its strictly G-rated approach, this means that fresh humor to be mined from the "kids say/do the darndest things" premise is now extremely limited.
  • Constantly Curious: All the kids who can talk.
  • A Dog Named Dog: The family cat is named Kittycat.
  • Early Installment Weirdness: Besides the aforementioned overhaul in the dad's appearance and personality, the art style was also radically different in the 1960s, and PJ didn't come along until a few years in.
  • Easter Special: A Family Circus Easter.
  • Fluffy Cloud Heaven: Always played straight.
  • Grandfather Clause: There have been a lot of suggestions that newspapers only continue to run the comic because of how old it is.
  • How Can Santa Deliver All Those Toys?: This is discussed in the Christmas Special (Billy chalks it up to Santa having a time-stopping watch).
  • Implausible Deniability: Thel finds PJ hiding in a closet devouring a bag of stolen cookies. PJ cries, "I not here! I with Daddy!"
  • Innocent Swearing: Jeffy does this, and gets spanked for it.
  • Kids Prefer Boxes: One strip shows the living room filled with new toys on Christmas morning and Jeffy asking Mom if he and PJ can go outside and play with the boxes.
  • Long Runner: Fifty years as of 2010.
  • Malaproper: The kids: e.g, "This is the dawning of the age of asparagus", "A washed pot never boils", etc.
  • Menace Decay: Back in The Sixties, the kids were the typical comic portrayal of overexcited tots; since their behavior hasn't kept in step with the times, it's hard to see this family as a metaphorical wacky circus.
  • Ms. Fanservice: Thel. In some of the older book collections, check out some of the two-piece bikinis and tight-fitting clothes she wears!
  • Not Allowed to Grow Up: None of the characters have ever aged, though they are occasionally shown celebrating each others' birthdays.
  • Bil's creepy Opaque Lenses.
  • Panty Shot: Dolly originally. Notably in an early '70s installment where Billy gets upset because Dolly is lifting her skirt and flashing her panties at the family's houseguests.
  • Present Peeking: The children frequently manage to find their hidden Christmas presents. Needless to say, their parents are not happy when it happens.
  • Remix Comic: The aforementioned Dysfunctional Family Circus, which despite being taken off the web at Keane's request in 1999, survives to this day in various archives.
    • There is an even newer example, Scott Meets Family Circus, which still updates now and then.
    • Less well-known, perhaps because it is not for the faint of heart, there's the comic The Other Family, which can be found here. Warning: may make you unable to read Family Circus ever again. I mean, uh... warning: may disillusion you forever.
    • Pearls Before Swine consistently and constantly makes fun of Family Circus, occasionally in the form of Gag Dubs. The storyline where the family accidentally harbors Osama bin Laden (It Makes Sense in Context) is an example.
      • On at least one occasion, there's been a deliberate crossover — Rat dropping oatmeal into the Circus strip below him, where Billy insists he didn't make the mess.
      • Another crossover comes when Pearls (In-Universe) is running out of money, so the characters have to temporarily move to other comics. The strip ends with Jeffy yelling "Mommy! There's a rat in our fridge!"
    • When you gaze too long into The Nietzsche Family Circus, the Nietzsche Family Circus gazes also into you.
    • OH GOD I CAN SEE FOREVER
    • In one of the last Bloom County strips, African-American character Oliver was being 'intergrated' into The Family Circus, his head already morphed into the FC standard oval.
    • And Jersey Circus.
    • The Family Menace, which takes the dialogue captions of this strip, and swaps it with those of the similar Dennis the Menace. Hilarity Ensues.
  • Running Gag: Excuse ghosts. A form of Visual Pun, with one for every childhood excuse under the sun. The kid says it, a ghost with that name is seen fleeing the scene of the crime. "Not Me" is the best known, but "Ida Know", "Nobody" and "O. Yeah!", among others, have also made appearances. (While this may not have been Keane's intention, it could be argued that the ghosts actually exist in the universe of the strip even if they can't be seen, which would also make them a variation of Not-So-Imaginary Friend.)
    • And speaking of Running Gags, Billy's infamous Dotted Line is the perfect representation of at least a walking one.
  • Self-Deprecation: The official Family-Circus/Dilbert Crossover note  in which Billy annoys Dilbert to the point of calling security on the kid! (See All Just a Dream above for the counterpart.)
  • Sequential Art: Unlike many other newspaper comics, The Family Circus is not really sequential, at best sometimes using the Dotted Line Path mentioned above.
  • Shout-Out: On Halloween 2012, this strip ran a comic that made a reference to Warhammer 40,000. No really. It did.
  • Terrible Artist: Billy occasionally fills in for his dad, who is a cartoonist, with the expected results.
  • Visual Pun: "Billy's" Sunday strips consist of illustrated puns. "Dolly is Ruthless", for example, is illustrated with her losing a doll named Ruth when she pulls the wagon too fast on which it's seated.
  • You Say Tomato: The children, most often Jeffy, pronounce some words in a nonstandard way.

Doctor Who MagazineCreator/IDW PublishingLi'l Abner
Yogi BearEaster SpecialThe Berenstain Bears
ElfQuestPrint Long-RunnersFantastic Four
ElvisNewspaper ComicsThe Family Upstairs

alternative title(s): The Family Circus
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