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Characters: Touhou Windows One

In 2002, after a hiatus of about four years, the Touhou games were started back up for Windows-based PCs, and the series is now being produced by a doujin circle known as Team Shanghai Alice, of which ZUN is the lone member. Team Shanghai Alice has also collaborated with Tasogare Frontier to develop the four Fighting Games based on the Touhou universe. Games and other media made by or in part by Team Shanghai Alice are considered by most fans to be the main canon of the series.

This page is for Touhou characters who debuted in Embodiment of Scarlet Devil, Perfect Cherry Blossom, Immaterial and Missing Power, Imperishable Night, and Phantasmagoria of Flower View. To see the characters who debuted in the PC-98 games, see Touhou PC 98. For the rest of the Windows characters, see Touhou Windows Two and Touhou Windows Three. For characters from related works such as short stories and manga, see Touhou Other Official Works.

Wherever possible, character images come from portraits not drawn by ZUN used in official games and print works. Images of characters without quality official portraits are labeled "(fanart)".

Please remember to only use examples that are either canon or have undergone mass Memetic Mutation so that the page doesn't become overcrowded with tropes that only occur in one person/circle's works.

CONTAINS SPOILERS


Concerning the romanization of names

There are two principal methods for transcribing Japanese names into Latin letters: the Hepburn System and the Kunrei-shiki System. In general, ZUN favored the Hepburn System before Phantasmagoria of Flower View, but changed to the Kunrei-shiki System afterward. This page uses the Hepburn format for the sake of argument, as it is the most widely recognized and makes the pronunciation obvious to English speakers.


    open/close all folders 

Debuted in Embodiment of Scarlet Devil

    Rumia 
(fanart)

Youkai of Darkness
Rumia

"Is that so~?"

A darkness youkai and stage 1 boss. She wears a ribbon that's actually a magic amulet that she can't touch, leading to many fan theories as to what it does. Rumia has the distinction of being the first boss in the series to fight using the modern spell card rules.

Tropes associated with Rumia:

    Daiyousei 
(fanart)

Daiyousei/Greater Fairy

A fairy who lives at the same lake as Cirno and is the midboss of her stage. She doesn't have an official name, so fans call her Daiyousei, or "Greater Fairy", even though that's also a generic term for any of the game's stronger fairies. She was probably intended to just be a nameless Elite Mook, but in Fanon, she's generally considered to be Cirno's close friend.

Tropes associated with Daiyousei:

  • Big Sister Instinct: Occasionally depicted as the older sister/friend to Cirno. Her personality can range from being very protective to obsessively in love with Cirno, even up to (Played for Laughs) Yandere levels. This also derives the inversion of this trope with "Cirno-nee", in which Cirno is taller, bustier, and older than Daiyousei.
  • Blue Oni: To Cirno. She is depicted as the observant and level-headed member of Team 9.
  • D-Cup Distress: As an extension of her name and possibly to emphasise her relative maturity, many fanworks depict Dai as the most "developed" of the fairy characters (how much so varies), often getting self-conscious about it if it's brought up. This depiction is often called DAIyousei by fans.
  • Girly Girl: To Cirno's tomboy.
  • Huge Schoolgirl: Sometimes depicted as such (relative to the other fairies at least), based on being a "Big Fairy".
  • Leitmotif: Not officially, but she is often pictured with "Lunate Elf," the stage 2 theme.
  • Nature Spirit
  • No Name Given
    • Fan Nickname: For note, "Daiyousei" is the name fans give her, sometimes shortened to just "Dai" or "Dai-chan".
  • Only Sane Fairy: Fanon portrays her having more common sense than most fairies. Some even portray her as smarter than some humans.
  • Resurrective Immortality: As with all fairies.
  • Shrinking Violet: Her depiction in Strange and Bright Nature Deity has her act like this, especially around Reimu.
  • Winged Humanoid

    Cirno 

Ice Fairy of the Lake
Cirno

"When it comes to me, I am the strongest!"

An ice fairy who lives at the lake surrounding the Scarlet Devil Mansion. Her favorite hobby is freezing frogs and watching them thaw. Surprisingly, Cirno is one of the few characters that realizes what's going on during Phantasmagoria of Flower View, even though she mistakes it for a festival. Is best known for both an infamous Memetic Mutation detailed below and Icicle Fall -Easy-, a spell card that can be completely dodged by placing yourself directly in front of Cirno.

Tropes associated with Cirno:

  • Badass Boast:
    • Even back then in Embodiment of Scarlet Devil, she tried to do this with "I'll cryo-freeze you together with some English beef!".
    • "I'm the strongest!" in Phantasmagoria of Flower View, adopted by fans as her Catch Phrase.
    • She also gets about one for each of the six paths in Fairy Wars, each one quite silly:
      • "I'm Cirno! The freezer of crybabies!"
      • "I'm not scared of youkai or gods! I'll show you what "Recklessness is courage" is all about!"
      • "I'm Cirno! The eternal omiwatari!"
      • "I'm an ice fairy who can pound a nail in with a banana! And this unstoppable fairy's gonna win fair and square!"
      • "Nah, I'm fine going solo. I'm strong enough on my ownsome! Breaking three arrows at once should be faster than breaking them one by one!"
      • "I've been going easy on you 'til now, but now I'm gonna get serious! On a night of spring when the cold returns, it's time for you to run out of sake and freeze to death!"
  • Berserk Button: "The one who says "idiot" is the idiot!"
  • Big Ol' Eyebrows: Her art in Fairy Wars has very noticeable eyebrows.
  • Blood Knight: Cirno's dialogue in Great Fairy Wars seems to imply so.
  • BFS: In Hisoutensoku, she pulls out a large sword made of ice for some of her attacks. The fan-variant Advent Cirno, parodying Cloud's First Tsurugi sword in Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children (and some of his costume), wields a large suika bar sword, a popsicle stick one, two wafer swords and two chocolate bar ones.
  • Boisterous Weakling: Declares herself to be the strongest fairy. While definitely true (Eiki even notes that a fairy with her level of power is dangerous), she is still severely outmatched by any of the main characters, and confrontations rarely end well for her.
  • Breakout Character: The main character of Fairy Wars and is on the cover for a second time - a first for anyone who is not Reimu.
  • Butt Monkey: Cirno's cocky attitude combined with her relatively weak powers and childish incompetence means she often ends up in humiliating situations. Even ZUN himself is not immune, as a page in the manual for Phantasmagoria of Flower View has a screenshot from the game with the different user interface elements labeled with a number, with Cirno, shown as the rival player, labeled ⑨. In the legend below the image it said:
    1. Player
    2. Score
    3. Health
    ...
  • David Versus Goliath: Pretty much any time she's playable and fighting something that isn't another fairy.
    • Reaches the logical extreme when she takes on Marisa again in Fairy Wars and wins. Granted Marisa was going easy on Cirno, but scoring a victory against the one who prides herself as "the second strongest in Gensokyo" is a Crowning Moment Of Awesome by itself.
  • Day in the Limelight: Main character and only playable character of Fairy Wars, much to the fandom's surprise.
  • Death of a Thousand Cuts: Although she does have a few moves that would qualify as single-hit nukes, Cirno's (possibly) greatest strength in the fighting games is being able to dish out tiny bits of damage really fast, since her moveset is full of techniques that hit lots of times.
  • The Ditz: Very immature and childish in mentality, though Flanderization turns her into a complete idiot. Said Flanderization is based on a spell card having an obvious blind spot on Easy, but on harder difficulties, you find that the spell card in question is Not So Harmless, usually when trying to exploit that blind spot only to get a bunch of bullets in your face.
  • Elemental Powers: Aside from the ice powers, there are fan-made palette swapped versions of Cirno for almost every element, with Achi Cirno (fire) being the first and most popular counterpart.
  • Epic Fail: On Easy, her Icicle Fall spellcard has a blindspot, and it's in front of her at point blank. Even preceding bosses Rumia and Daiyousei don't bear this same degree of stupidity.
  • Everything's Better with Spinning: The descriptions of her attacks in Hisoutensoku.
    Ice Kick: Goes in for a flying spin kick while generating ice all around. There's actually no need for the spinkick, but she thinks it's cool.
    Cold Body "Super Ice Kick": A spinning kick from the heavens. The longer this attack hits, the more powerful it is, but Cirno gets dizzy after a while. There's really just no reason for her to be spinning...
  • Failed a Spot Check: In SaBND, when playing hide and seek with Daiyousei, she fails to notice the Three Fairies behind her, even though they weren't trying to hide themselves. Made worse when it takes Cirno several seconds to realize someone is talking to her.
  • Fragile Speedster: In the fighting games. She's fast, small (meaning hard to hit) and good in the air, but her projectiles are easily destroyed.
  • The Fog of Ages: Like all fairies, she has difficulty remembering what happened a day earlier, let alone years; her From a Single Cell Resurrective Immortality makes it hard to form coherent memories (her literacy is another thing making her an extreme rarity among her race). She can barely remember the events of Phantasmagoria Of Flower View, and can't recall the specifics even when reminded multiple times. Which is fine by her - not that she minds as long as she gets to do what she does every single day - play, fly, and challenge others to see if she'll win.
  • Harmless Freezing: Averted. About 1/3rd of the frogs she freezes winds up shattering. Interestingly, some frogs can survive being frozen and thawed with no ill effects. It's implied that the ones that shatter are unfortunate victims of Cirno being a klutz with the ice.
  • An Ice Person: An Ice Fairy.
  • Immortality: The resurrective kind, a stated property of all fairies - they tend to be fragile and short-lived, but respawn immediately on death. Not used much with the other fairy characters, but for fans it goes very nicely with Cirno's tendency to recklessly get in over her head.
  • Implacable Fairy: Cirno appears to die every time she gets hit in Fairy Wars and lets her resurrective immortality take over, unfazed. You only get a Game Over when her motivation to continue bottoms out.
  • Japanese Pronouns: Cirno is infamous for her use of the rough-sounding/childish pronoun "Atai".
  • Large Ham: Cirno in general, but most noticeable in Fairy Wars.
    Cirno: This atmosphere... it smells of WAR!
  • Leitmotif: "Beloved Tomboyish Girl"
  • More Dakka: For some reason, her perspective ends up creating more bullets than there are normally because that's how she sees them. Compare Fairy Wars to the other games and you'll realize that Fairy Wars is possibly the hardest game in the entire franchise. And when you decide to get the gold medal for Spell Cards (which involves you not freezing any bullets whatsoever), that may be ZUN's idea of a joke.
  • Nature Spirit
  • Not-So-Harmless Villain: While the Bonus Boss tried to shrug off her defeat at the end of Fairy Wars, pointing out that she was holding back a bit, even she has to admit that Cirno is quite a bit more powerful than she expected.
    (Regardless, even fairies aren't to be trifled with...)
    (Even if I had pulled out my most powerful lasers, she could've been trouble...)
    • As a playable character in Phantasmagoria of Flower View and Hisoutensoku it should be noted that technically she can defeat EX level bosses. She is still considered weak in canon.
    • Marisa in The Grimoire of Marisa is impressed with Cirno's Perfect Freeze card and how truly unpredictable it is.
  • Overly Narrow Superlative: She's the strongest of all fairies. Normal fairies are low-level cannon fodder mooks.
  • Outside-the-Box Tactic: Somewhere between Embodiment of Scarlet Devil and Fairy Wars, Cirno realized that she could freeze not just her own bullets, but her opponent's as well, literally stopping them cold. This is especially notable because this lets her stop bullets without needing Bombs, an invaluable skill that very few characters in the series boast.
  • Pint-Sized Powerhouse: Cirno is by far the strongest known fairy, and it's made clear in Hisoutensoku that she's also one of the shortest characters in the series, being smaller than both Remilia, who is about a head shorter than pretty much everyone else, and Suika by a few pixels. In Fairy Wars, her sprite is absolutely minuscule, especially when put up in comparison to the other characters. Whether or not her small stature contributes to her Ted Baxter attitude is unknown.
  • Power Incontinence: She constantly cools the air around her, and anyone touching her could get frostbite. Naturally, it is common for fans to depict other characters using her to invent air conditioning.
  • Recurring Boss: Originally the stage 2 Boss of The Embodiment of Scarlet Devil, Cirno reappears as the stage 1 mid-boss of Perfect Cherry Blossom, and again as the stage 1 mid-boss of Double Dealing Character.
  • Red Oni: Ironically enough, to Daiyousei. Cirno is arguably the most annoying fairy you will ever hear, while her friend is the quiet, reserved person.
  • Resurrective Immortality: As a fairy, she's an embodiment of nature and won't stay dead. Manifests in her game, Fairy Wars, as having a "Motivation Meter" instead of lives. She keeps dying until she becomes demotivated and gives up.
  • Small Name, Big Ego: Aside from constantly boasting about her strength, in many fanworks she's a self-professed genius as well. Again, this has some basis in fact, as she is one of the few low-level youkai that can read, but Cirno's self-assessments are still woefully inaccurate.
  • Tomboy: She has Boyish Short Hair. She also contrasts Daiyousei's girly-girl and is a Genki Girl.
  • Took a Level in Badass: Had a pretty big helping of it in Fairy Wars, where she can 1) freeze the enemy's bullets, 2) use the now-harmless bullets as shields, and 3) abuse her Resurrective Immortality to keep on fighting; many beings in Gensokyo have showcased similar abilities, but never all three at once like Cirno can. She's also been warned by the Yama that she's already pushing the power limits meant for fairies.
  • Trademark Favorite Food: Often depicted with various frozen foods in fanart. Most commonly suika barsnote , but popsicles and ice cream have also been seen. There's a reason why "Advent Cirno" wields a suika bar, anyway.
  • Winged Humanoid: Ice crystal wings. In fact, Seraph-style ice crystal wings. Popular fanon states that if Cirno were to increase in power, her wings would get bigger.
  • With Catlike Tread: When she is playing hide and seek, she spends most of it loudly yelling about how sneaky she is. It even takes her a few seconds to realize that the Three Fairies are talking to her.
  • You Gotta Have Blue Hair

    Hong Meiling 

Colorful Rainbow Gatekeeper
Hong Meiling

"You're not allowed past this point!"

Head gate guard and gardener for the Scarlet Devil Mansion and stage 3 boss, a Chinese master of martial arts and physical combat. Possesses perhaps the most well-known Fan Nickname in the series, "China", which came about because fans weren't sure how to pronounce her name.note  Note that Hong is her family name while Meiling is her given name. Unlike the Japanese names, this usually isn't reversed in translation to English, possibly to preserve an element of foreignness.

Tropes associated with Hong Meiling:

  • Accidental Misnaming: In fanworks people tend to have a hard time remembering her name, or just call her China. Became an Ascended Meme in Immaterial and Missing Power, where one of her victory phrases asks the loser to remember her name.
  • Anime Chinese Girl
  • Badass: There's a trend of fan works that have Meiling being far stronger than she seems, but for whatever reason holds back usually. This version is usually referred to as EX-Meiling and sometimes has some dragon traits.
  • Bare-Fisted Monk: A very capable martial artist, able to turn away all manner of intruders with her bare hands, at least until Reimu and Marisa came along.
  • Boobs of Steel: Canonically, she has large breasts, and there is evidence to suggest she is among the physically strongest characters in the series despite her sub-par magic. Despite this, usually attacked by Sakuya.
  • Butt Monkey: Often shown in fanon being abused by Sakuya, and less often other members of the Mansion, despite later canon portraying Sakuya being stern with Meiling, but otherwise perfectly reasonable, including very considerate treatment when she thinks Meiling may be hurt. For that matter, Remilia herself apparently lends Meiling manga, although Patchouli's still derisive of her (but given that Patchouli is canonically a Deadpan Snarker who's derisive of Sakuya as well, that probably isn't saying much). It's too little way too late to change the course of fandom, though.
    • Canon also holds that Meiling is actually quite good at keeping the riffraff out of the Scarlet Devil Mansion...except for Marisa, who nobody can keep out.
  • Captain Ethnic: Even her subtitle in EoSD is simply "Chinese Girl". This added to her initial recognition and popularity, since, for a while, her only claim to fame was that she was Chinese. Hence her memetically famous Fan Nickname, "China".
  • Close Range Combatant: In the fighting games. While she does have ranged attacks, their power and/or range are terrible compared to the rest of the cast.
  • Cool Big Sis: When she's not portrayed as a Butt Monkey, she's almost universally this to either Cirno and her friends, Flandre or even young Sakuya. Sometimes, she's this even while being portrayed as a Butt Monkey.
  • Do Not Touch the Funnel Cloud: Her Colorful Windchime and Extreme Color Typhoon spell cards from the fighting games.
  • Everything's Better with Rainbows: Her main schtick, aside from being Chinese, is her rainbow-colored bullet patterns. Everything she attacks with is full of colors, even in the fighting games.
  • Flash Step: In Hisoutensoku, it takes the form of Brilliance: "Rainbow Brilliance Palm". Given, it's not as fast as many other flash steps out there, since you can still see it. It is, however, fast enough to put her almost instantly behind the opponent after running them through with a heavily-chi-infused palm strike, followed by a Delayed Explosion of rainbow colored lights.
  • Flunky Boss: In EoSD.
  • Gate Guardian: She guards the gate of the Scarlet Devil Mansion. Fandom has flanderized her as spectacularly inept at her job, often sleeping all day long and punished for it by Sakuya, when in canon she's actually quite good at her job; she just can't keep Marisa out, but to be fair nobody can.
  • Heavy Sleeper: In official works she only takes a nap in the afternoon, but she's very often portrayed as this in fanon. The fanon perception of Meiling as being incredibly lazy evolved, in a slightly convoluted way, from her Captain Ethnic nature. In Japan, even more so than in America, China has a reputation for producing low-quality merchandise. This led to jokes that Meiling (who at first was largely defined in fandom by being Chinese) was another unreliable Chinese product. This in turn led to the idea that what made Meiling unreliable was that she was always sleeping on the job.
  • Joke Character:
    • Meiling was added into Immaterial and Missing Power in an official patch. She didn't get a Story Mode route, and it is almost certainly agreed that she is the worst character in the game, due to her terrible bullet spread. She was very good at irritating people though, as her melee was tricky to read sometimes.
    • Not so in Hisoutensoku: Although her bullets are still not particularly good, her melee's damage and combo ability improved, to the point where she is actually very dangerous in the right hands. Still not top tier, but definitely not bottom.
      • Her story mode in Hisoutensoku, however, is...odd.
  • Ki Attacks: Her ability is the manipulation of qi.
  • Leitmotif: In EoSD, she has "Shanghai Alice of Meiji 17" as her official boss fight theme, but she's more associated with her stage theme "Shanghai Teahouse ~ Chinese Tea."
  • Meaningful Name: Her family name means "Crimson", which is of course part of the "red" theme of the game.
  • Punched Across the Room: In Hisoutensoku, her Red Cannon, Attack Sign: "Roc Fist", and Fiery Attack "Roc Killing Fist". Each is an upward punch that sends the opponent flying at a very sharp upward angle for a good distance. How far they fly depends on the attack. Roc Killing Fist tends to send the opponent completely off screen for at least three seconds. Fan depictions sometimes give her the "Chuugoku Satsu", a parody of the Shun Goku Satsu (Chuugoku = China).
  • She's Got Legs: Meiling's outfit includes pants. Fan artists frequently leave them out (when they're not outright depicting her in a Qipao).
  • Shout-Out:
    • During her brief time as a playable character in Immaterial And Missing Power, she has variations of Yun's moves.
    • There's a reason why Krizalid is often shipped with Meiling. Why? One of her moves is a rainbow-colored carbon-copy of Krizalid's.
  • Skirt over Slacks: She dresses like this in the games, but her art in Perfect Memento and many fanartists depict her without the slacks.
  • Statuesque Stunner: While her exact height has not been given, she's one of the tallest female characters in the series. Fans frequently depict her as taller than Sakuya, though Word of God says they're around the same height.

    Koakuma 
(fanart)

Koakuma/Little Devil

One of the many lesser youkai found in the Scarlet Devil Mansion. Like Daiyousei, she had no name, dialogue, or profile included with the game, and was instead given her descriptive name by fans. The appellation seems to have been adopted by ZUN himself, but it may just be referring to her species. Fanon usually portrays Koakuma as an assistant (or possibly familiar) to Patchouli, since she's the library midboss.

Tropes associated with Koakuma:

  • Cute Demon Girl
  • Dummied Out: There's an unused sprite for a possible "EX-Koakuma" with purple hair in the EoSD files.
  • Fiery Redhead: Word of God says she's supposed to have a mischievous personality.
  • Head Wings: While most of fanon portray her with proper wings on her back (see Winged Humanoid below), canonically she only has wings on her head.
  • Hot Librarian: To go around with being Patchouli's assistant in the library. Her sprite is only detailed enough to show her clothes as a long black skirt, a black top, and white sleeves, but fanon has turned it into an Office Lady uniform with a vest, dress shirt, and necktie.
  • Leitmotif: Like with Daiyousei, not officially. But, she's commonly associated with "Voile ~ The Magic Library", the Stage 4 Theme.
  • No Name Given —> Fan Nickname: She's never referred to by either name or nickname In-Universe or in official materials, but all fans and ZUN call her Koakuma.
  • Our Demons Are Different: She's believed to be a demon, or possibly a succubus, that Patchouli summoned to serve her. Some writers muse that she was thus summoned from Makai, and has a connection to Shinki.
  • Verbal Tic: Fanon varies this for her saying "Koa" every now and then, to her using just that as if she was a Pokemon.
  • Winged Humanoid: The bat wings on her back are a fanon interpretation. However, she's had a small cameo in Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth and an even tinier one in Strange and Bright Nature Deity, both including the wings.

    Patchouli Knowledge 

The Unmoving Great Library
Patchouli Knowledge

"You, clothed in red and white! Don't cause problems in my study."

Librarian and tutor for the Scarlet Devil Mansion household, and stage 4 boss. Patchouli is known as the "One-Week Wizard" due to her mastery of the seven elements of the Japanese calendar week. She is indeed a powerful elementalist, but suffers from poor health, which limits her battle prowess.

Tropes associated with Patchouli:

  • All Your Powers Combined: She regularly combines elements to create new/unique attacks and spells. Philosopher's Stone attacks with five elements at the same time. The remaining two, Sun and Moon, have their own spell cards and are later combined into a different one as well.
  • Badass Bookworm
  • Black Mage: Fits the bill with her Elemental Powers, and wouldn't be out of place in Final Fantasy.
  • Catch Phrase: "Mukyuu," a nonsense sound, is generally attributed to her after she uttered it exactly once after being defeated in Marisa's story route in Immaterial and Missing Power. In fanon, she says this whenever she's defeated, don't know what is going on, or hit by an object.
    • She repeats it after being defeated in Tenshi's route in Scarlet Weather Rhapsody.
  • Cute Witch
  • Deadpan Snarker: Canon has this as her default personality. Silent Sinner in Blue has this line when confronting Marisa on not-in-stealing-mode terms.
  • Depending on the Artist: Her figure is ambiguous under those robes, so fan depictions vary from childlike to busty. In addition, her EoSD portrait has darker purple areas on her dress which appear to be stripes (and are even drawn as such in her fighting game sprites), but Word of God says they're shadows cast by two strips of fabric.
  • Elemental Powers: Invoked. She likes to convert her spells to fit into one of seven different elements, associated with the days of the Japanese week, earning her the title "The One-Week Wizard."
  • Everything's Better with Spinning: Non-Directional Laser, though Marisa significantly upped the rotations after she copied it from Patchouli.
  • Hikikomori: Patchouli rarely ever leaves the library in the Scarlet Devil Mansion. Before the events of Embodiment of Scarlet Devil, she apparently never left the library for more than a century.
  • Ill Girl: She suffers from anemia, asthma, and a vitamin A deficiency, leaving her unable to recite some of the spells she learns. Even walking is a chore, much preferring to levitate herself. This leads to some major fluctuations in her power. In Embodiment of Scarlet Devil, she appears as the boss of stage 4, but also appears as the midboss of the extra stage and is much more powerful there, explaining that she got better. In Wild And Horned Hermit, Marisa explains that magicians are often less strong physically due to their Eye of Newt tending to be things like arsenic and mercury; exposure to this weakens even youkai eventually.
  • In-Series Nickname: Remilia is known to call her "Pache" (usually translated as "Patchy").
  • Leitmotif: "Locked Girl ~ The Girl's Secret Room"
  • Long-Range Fighter: In the fighting games she's one of the most proficient projectile slingers.
  • Magic Librarian: She's a witch who's spent about a hundred years in a library.
  • More Dakka: Try playing against her in the fighting games on Lunatic.
  • Motor Mouth: This is noted as one of her characteristics in Perfect Memento in Strict Sense. While there's no explicit example of it, presumably she chants quickly for many of her spells, and according to Marisa Patchouli has to be capable of chanting two spells at once for a few of her spellcards.
  • Odd Friendship: While it's hard to see how she has anything in common with Remilia, they do seem to complement each other and have one of the few canonically defined friendships in the series (as opposed to master-servant, sisters, or some other kind of specific relationship).
  • Purely Aesthetic Glasses: Fanon often portrays her wearing them.
  • Shout-Out: One of her alternate skillcards in SWR and Hisoutensoku is called Emerald City.
  • The Snark Knight: Patchouli is at least a little sarcastic and cynical, especially in her lines regarding Sakuya in Subterranean Animism or Immaterial and Missing Power, but she's nevertheless a good and caring friend of Remilia.
  • Squishy Wizard: Genius spellcaster, but she's still an Ill Girl.
  • Supernatural Is Purple
  • Throw the Book at Them: Even her melee attacks are usually just spells thrown at close range, but when she does actually hit enemies, she uses her book. This is surprisingly powerful, considering how physically weak she is.
  • The Spock: Sometimes blends with Little Miss Snarker.
  • Vague Age: Patchouli has some of the greatest fan disagreement over how old, exactly, she is supposed to look. Her actual age on the other hand is stated to be in the neighbourhood of a century, which is more specific than most characters get.
  • What, Exactly, Is Her Job?: Her job in the SDM is "to solve and create problems". What exactly this entails is a bit sketchy. It appears that she lives at the mansion mostly because she's Remilia's friend. She's also capable of curbing Flandre's rampages by summoning rainstorms that keep her from leaving the mansion.
  • Witch Species: She was born a youkai magician.

    Sakuya Izayoi 

The Perfect and Elegant Maid
Sakuya Izayoi(?)

"Your time is mine."

Chief Maid of the Scarlet Devil Mansion. Despite being the leader of the maids at the SDM, Sakuya usually has to do all of the work herself because the fairy maids are completely useless. Uses knives and time manipulation to fight and do maid tasks. Much of Sakuya's origin is left to speculation, although it is implied that she may not be human and "Sakuya" may not be her real name.

Tropes associated with Sakuya:

  • A-Cup Angst: Some fanart portrays her this way, to go along with the padding jokes. Official art for the fighting games shows that she actually has Boobs of Steel.
  • Alternate Character Interpretation: Done often in-universe: Akyuu notes there are a godawful lot of theories about her and her background.
  • Ambiguously Human: See Vague Age below. For a variety of reasons, many fans are convinced that Sakuya is really a Lunarian.
  • Amulet of Concentrated Awesome: Fanon sometimes assumes that the stopwatch she carries is a magical artifact that she uses to stop time, usually called the Luna Dial after her theme music "Luna Clock ~ Luna Dial". It is used in Hisoutenkou as a super move, as a possible nod to this.
  • Animal Motif: Associated with dogs by fandom, because of her Red Baron title "The Dog of the Devil," which comes from her ferocity and loyalty to Remilia. Fandom even has a version of her called "Inu Sakuya" that has dog ears and a tail.
    • She was playable for the first time in Perfect Cherry Blossom. At least three bosses referred to her as a dog, including Yuyuko's "Dog of the Devil" line.
      Lyrica Prismriver: Dog meat, dog meat~
      Sakuya: Human meat!
  • Badass Arm-Fold: Often sports one in the fighting games.
  • Badass Boast: From Double Dealing Character
    Kagerou: I wonder, can you defeat me?
    Sakuya: Yes, I believe I can.
  • Berserk Button: She didn't take well to Tenshi implying she was stupid. In fanon, padding jokes and Meiling slacking on the job are a good way to get on her bad side.
  • Beware the Nice Ones: Sakuya is usually polite, elegant, and very calm. However, if you try her patience, she may do terrible things to you with her knives.
  • Blade Spam: While she mostly relies on Flechette Storm, the fighting games give her a melee version with her Soul Sculpture and Inscribe Red Soul spells.
  • Boobs of Steel: Despite the fandom's padding jokes at her expense, Sakuya is canonically well-endowed, and definitely one of the most formidable fighters in Gensokyo.
  • Clock Tower: Her stage in the fighting games. It's the SDM's tower, to be precise.
  • Defeat Means Friendship: Akyuu describes a common rumour that she was a vampire hunter that was defeated and taken in by Remilia.
  • Defrosting Ice Queen: Loyal beyond question to Remilia Scarlet, to the point she'd stop at nothing to protect her. However, she regains some humanity after seeing Reimu defeat Remilia and, afterward, the two chatter as if nothing ever happened.
  • Depending on the Artist: She's prone to this as some prefer her with curves, while some perfer her with a slim figure.
  • The Ditz: She has her moments, such as trying to buy a broken teacup to replace the one Remilia broke, mistaking ordinary crows for crow tengu (or their underlings), and opening a window while in space.
  • Easy-Mode Mockery: Performs a highly literal form of it if you beat her on easy mode in Embodiment of Scarlet Devil. It basically amounts to "Ok, Ok, you beat me. But I'm not letting you go on to Remilia, since you aren't even playing on normal difficulty! Come back when you've practiced some more." Game Over.
  • Expy: The original blade-throwing maid in Touhou is Yumeko, from Mystic Square. And if we branch out into Seihou, there's Muse, who looks like this.
  • Fantastic Racism: Akyuu says she's "cold-hearted" towards humans (besides the main cast). Often taken as a sign she's a Lunarian.
  • Fantastic Time Management: Often uses her time manipulation power to speed up housework.
  • Flash Step: Can do this in the fighting games.
  • Flechette Storm: She even provides the page picture. In extreme cases, her knives can fill the entire screen.
  • Fluffy Tamer: Thinks the Chupacabra in Forbidden Scrollery is cute, and easily handles its speed with her time stop when taking it back to the Scarlet Mansion to be a pet.
  • Genre Savvy: She butts in as the sub-boss of the last stage in the game because she wants you to waste a bomb on her.
  • Hyperspace Arsenal: Hand Waved by ZUN saying that she regularly stops time and picks up all her knives to throw them again. Doesn't explain how she can have hundreds knives on the screen at once, though her Required Secondary Powers may answer that.
  • Knife Nut: With hundred and so knives. Especially in Double Meaning Character due of one of her knives being possessed.
  • Knife-Throwing Act: In a lot of fanart. In canon, she can hit an apple balanced on the head of a fairy maid a hundred feet away.
  • Lady of War: She's called "The Perfect and Elegant Maid" for a reason.
  • Leitmotif: Associated equally with both "Lunar Clock ~ Luna Dial" and "Flowering Night".
  • Mayfly-December Romance: Though only sometimes invoking romance, many fans note that as a (relatively) normal human amongst a Cast Herd of youkai she won't be around for much longer compared to them, with Remilia or Meiling in particular depicted as being devastated by the loss. As noted below, officially, she was offered immortality by Remilia but refused it. Fanon runs away with this, either making her a Lunarian or the ever popular tragedy of her dying and being missed by the others in SDM.
  • Multiple Choice Past: Nothing is known about how she came to work for Remilia, and "Sakuya Izayoi" isn't even her real name. Perfect Memento in Strict Sense offers several in-universe theories about her background (the most popular being "vampire hunter"), with the note that it's likely none of them are actually true.
  • Mundane Utility: Hey, you'd be a perfect maid too if you could just stop time to do your work instantly. Stopping time supplies another benefit according to EoSD's afterword — dust won't be raised, thus making cleaning more efficient.
    • She also uses time-acceleration to mature wine quickly, and to acquire out-of-season foodstuffs. (Remilia's favourite cake flavouring is bamboo flowers. Bamboo normally bloom only once every 50 to 100 years!)
  • Nay-Theist: In Immaterial and Missing Power, Reimu asks her to give a donation to her offertory box, so she may please the gods and have good luck and and their blessing, but Sakuya tells Reimu she doesn't believe in the gods (in the sense that she doesn't need their help to make her own way).
  • Ninja Maid: Knife-throwing time-stopping serial killer illusionist ninja maid to be precise.
    • If you take the Lunarian theory into account, along with the gamut of in-universe theories in PMISS, she's a technical-alien vampire-slaying time-stopper maid From Space!
  • Pinball Projectile: In the fighting games many of Sakuya's spellcards behave this way, but her Light Speed "C. Ricochet" is just ridiculous.
  • Proper Tights with a Skirt: While in previous games she'd only worn short white socks, she wears black tights in Double Dealing Character, fitting with her "perfect and elegant maid" image.
  • Red Eyes, Take Warning: Had red eyes in her first appearance and generally blue afterwards. Scarlet Weather Rhapsody has her eyes turning red when she uses some of her more powerful moves, making this trope particularly literal.
  • Reverse Shrapnel:
    • Her Killer Doll spell card, when used by the player.
    • Same thing with her Phantasmic Killer spell card, except different - the knives from this spell card completely leave the screen before coming back to skewer your opponent.
  • Scarf of Asskicking: Only showed up in Perfect Cherry Blossom. Of course, it was winter for the whole game.
  • Serial Killer: There's a definite serial killer theme with her spell cards, such as Jack the Ripper and Another Murder. Some doujin turn her into one in her backstory, and there's theories that believe her to be THE Jack the Ripper.
  • Shout-Out: Both her time stopping skills and her use of knives are a reference to Dio Brando of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure. In her first appearance, she even had a spell card named Illusion World "The World", after his famous ZA WARUDO, and she has similar poses in the fighting games. And while she might not be a vampire, like Dio, she certainly is very closely associated with two (one of whom even quotes Dio's "Do you remember how many times you have eaten bread?" line).
  • Spectral Weapon Copy: Due to her Time Master powers, she can use them to fire time displaced versions of her knives along with the original.
  • Stage Magician: A number of her spell cards have this theme and her profile says that "Deceitless sleight-of-hand is her pride". Some fanworks speculate that she was a magician or had a family that did stage magic.
  • Surrounded by Idiots: Perfect Memento in Strict Sense directly states that Remilia's hiring policy for the subordinate fairy maids is quantity over quality — and fairies who can accomplish even Cirno's (human eight-year-old level) abilities are incredibly rare. Fans have come to the conclusion that the only reason Remilia hires the fairy maids at all is that a large mansion is supposed to have a lot of maids. As a result, despite the swarms that Reimu and Marisa meet, Sakuya is pretty much a one-woman work force. No wonder she doesn't take breaks...
  • Time Stands Still: Literally so, given Sakuya seemingly can manipulate time as she sees fit.
    • Colour Coded Timestop: Frozen time is shown as darkened in the shooting games, monochrome in the fighting games, and photo-negative in Silent Sinner in Blue.
  • Undying Loyalty: Not literally however, as giving up her mortality is apparently the one thing she isn't willing to do for her mistress.
  • Vague Age: Akyuu writes, "She claims to be in her late teens, but this is unlikely judging by her refined manner and the level of her abilities. Rather, she seems to be a human who has been living for hundreds of years."note  Her profile in Embodiment of Scarlet Devil also refers to her as "10-20". Also, in Imperishable Night, Eirin's profile mentions her being surprised to see Sakuya, despite the fact that Eirin shouldn't have met anyone outside of Eientei for the last thousand years or so.
  • Who Wants to Live Forever?: Has explicitly told Remilia that she is loyal to her until the day that she dies a natural death, but that she does not want to be a Hourai immortal or a vampire. Fandom's run away with doujinshi of her either dying, turning out to be Lunarian (can only die by unnatural means), or being turned into a vampire against her will.
    • The other half muses how the Scarlet Mansion deals with the fact that Sakuya won't be with them for very long by their reckoning, or muses how they handle her eventual death by old age.

    Remilia Scarlet 

The Scarlet Devil
Remilia Scarlet

"The moon tonight is red. You will know death."

Vampire mistress of the Scarlet Devil Mansion, and final boss of Embodiment of Scarlet Devil. She is the source of the mist that blotted out the sun, because sunlight is harmful to her. (It turns out she can just use a parasol, though.) Feared by many youkai, she is incredibly vain and proud despite her relatively low position in the hierarchy of Gensoukyou, (falsely) claiming to be a descendant of Vlad Tepes himself and is very open about her being one of the few youkai that still eat humans, though she rarely takes enough blood to kill them.

Tropes associated with Remilia:

  • Adaptation Dye-Job: Her hair is pale blue, verging on white when ZUN draws her. The fighting games give her purple hair. Fanart can be anywhere in between.
  • Battle Aura: The fighting games reveal she is capable of manifesting a blood red aura, which she can use to attack her enemies in different ways. For example, creating infinitely stretching, explosive chains.
  • Bloody Murder: Grimoire of Marisa reveals that she can control and use blood to attack in some of her spell cards. Blood is amazing!
  • Brick Joke: In Curiosities of Lotus Asia and Imperishable Night Remilia denies that she sleeps in a coffin, saying they're for dead people. Seven years later Remilia's bedroom makes its first manga appearance, containing a four-poster bed... with a coffin on it.
  • But for Me, It Was Tuesday: In Marisa's scenario, as well as a Shout-Out to JoJo's Bizarre Adventure.
    Marisa: So, how many times have you drank blood?
    Remilia: Do you remember how many times you've eaten bread?
    Marisa: Thirteen. I prefer Japanese food.
  • Cool Pet: In Forbidden Scrollery she gains a pet chupacabra she calls "Tupai", though initially the other characters believe she's referring to a kind of tree shrew that's also known as a "tupai".
  • Creepy Child
  • Creepy Cool Crosses: Has two attacks that involve creating a giant energy cross from her own body. Grimoire of Marisa even says that there is really no deep meaning behind it as the cross is simply formed due of her spreading her arms while doing the spellcard.
  • Deflector Shields: In the fighting games, her Parasol of Prettiness doubles as a temporary shield that can block anything for a few seconds.
  • Detachment Combat: She can dissolve herself into a potentially unlimited swarm of bats.
  • Famous Ancestor: She claims that Dracula was her ancestor, but ZUN says she's bluffing.
    • Since Remilia is one of the only Touhou characters whose exact age is known (she was born in 1503), we know that she was born just 27 years after Vlad Tepes' death. If we presume he became the vampire Dracula at the exact time history recorded his death, that would mean she'd have to be very closely related to him indeed if her claim had been true. Thus, if she'd bothered to do the research, Remilia could have made her lie more impressive by claiming to be "Dracula's daughter."
  • Glowing Eyes of Doom: Her eyes glow brightly when she uses spellcards in the fighting games.
  • Everything Is Better With Spinning: A considerable number of her physical attacks involve spinning. 'Course, those tend to be her heavier hitting ones too.
  • Final Boss
  • Flash Step: Her Demon Lord Walk move lets her disappear for a quick moment and smack the opponent if they're close enough. Her dash mechanics in the fighting games are also different from those of other characters - rather than moving continuously in one direction she makes a quick hop whenever the button is pressed.
  • Guest Fighter: One of the playable Touhou characters in Nendoroid Generation.
  • Healing Factor: She can regenerate even if most of her body is destroyed, as long as about one of the bats she splits into survives. Considering she can spawn an unlimited number of bats, she might as well be able to regenerate From a Single Cell.
  • Hellish Pupils: Common in fanart. In canon however, her pupils seems to change depending on her mood as seen in her portraits in the fighting games.
  • Immortal Immaturity: Though many Touhou characters exhibit this trope, Remilia exemplifies it, impetuous and selfish and overall acting as the child she appears to be despite her centuries. ZUN notes that "Creatures of her kind forfeit their growth and maturity in exchange for eternal life. In other words, she can live forever because she never grows up."
  • In-Series Nickname
    • She's known as The Scarlet Devil because she's a light but messy eater - she doesn't drain all of a person's blood when she feeds, but her dress is usually stained red afterwards.
    • Patchouli calls her "Remi".
  • Japanese Honorifics: Sakuya calls her "ojou-sama".
  • Large Ham: Remilia can ham it up with the best of them in fanworks, particularly when she's getting her evil on.
  • Leitmotif: "Septette for the Dead Princess"
  • Life Drain: In the fighting games and some fangames, Remilia has this in the form of "Vampire Kiss", a special attack. Also made into a status effect, of all things. "Vampire Of The Millenium" will grant this power on you for 10 seconds for all your attacks, but will also lower your defense by 10%.
  • Lightning Bruiser: Remilia has boasted that vampires are as powerful as oni and as fast as tengu, a claim which seems entirely accurate. She is less eager to point out that they have lots of easily-exploited weaknesses to compensate.
  • Maid Corps: She has one. Apart from Sakuya, though, it's composed entirely of fairies, meaning they don't get much actual work done.note  Presumably it's just to show off.
  • No Sell: Like most final bosses, her last spell card is immune to bombs. If you do try to bomb her during her final spell, she turns into a swarm of bats and avoids any damage.
  • Norse Mythology: Has an attack named after Odin's spear Gungnir. Remi's is an energy spear made of danmaku.
  • Odd Friendship: Good friends with Patchouli, somehow.
  • Ojou
  • Our Vampires Are Different
  • Parasol of Prettiness: She's known to have one to protect herself from sunlight, and it shows up in fanworks and some of the game's endings. Present in the latter fighting games, where it acts as a temporary shield.
    • And in up-to-date Hisoutensoku, having one parasol in your deck allows her to fight outdoors. Without this, her battle fields are restricted.
    • Back to Immaterial and Missing Power, she can only appear in night stages, even if you select a day stage.
  • Punched Across the Room: Archdemon: "Remilia Stretch". Fighting games. 1 second charge up. Get hit by this, and you can say good-bye to about half your life bar.
  • Really 700 Years Old: Remilia was born in 1503, making her 500 years old at the time of the game's release. Her apparent age varies Depending on the Artist (ZUN's official art is too simplified to really say) but she's never drawn looking older than early teens at most.
  • Royal Brat: Pretty classy outwardly, but her attitude can be as childish as her appearance.
  • Shout-Out: See But for Me, It Was Tuesday above.
  • Sibling Yin-Yang: Compared to Flandre, she's much more calm and collected. Not that that's saying much.
  • Sweet Tooth: She adds a lot of sugar to her tea, at least in Strange and Bright Nature Deity.
  • Unwitting Pawn: In Silent Sinner in Blue, when Ran told Remilia that Yukari was planning to invade the Moon, Remilia immediately started looking for a way to get there before Yukari — which was exactly what Yukari expected her to do. Turns out Remilia eventually realised this but didn't care.
  • Use Your Head: Fond of using head-first body tackles on her enemies in the fighting games. Notable because she will move at great speeds when doing this.
  • Vampires Are Rich
  • Vampire Bites Suck: Apparently Remilia is quite messy when she drinks, spilling much more blood than she needs.
  • Voluntary Shapeshifter: She is capable of shapeshifting into a bat.
  • Weaksauce Weakness: Sunlight, flowing water, including rain, sardine heads, shattered holly branches, and roasted soybeans.
  • Winds of Destiny, Change: Her ability to manipulate fate, although there is no explanation whatsoever for how it works, other than some brief speculation by Akyuu that she changed Sakuya's fate by changing her name.
  • Winged Humanoid: Bat wings.
  • Your Vampires Suck: Remilia actually likes cross imagery, and can't fathom why she should be weak to them. Her spell card "Red: The Nightless Castle" appears as a towering crimson cross. She also seems to be perfectly fine with holy water. One of her win quotes in the fighting games is to ask Reisen to make her some holy water dumplings.

    Flandre Scarlet 
(fanart)

The Sister of the Devil
Flandre Scarlet

"I've been in the basement. For about 495 years."

Younger sister of Remilia Scarlet and the extra stage boss. She possesses the power to destroy anything at will, but due to her immaturity and mental instability, she's been kept locked up in the mansion basement for around 495 years. Despite this, she doesn't usually try to escape, and is actually quite fond of her older sister. It goes without saying she is quite popular.

Tropes associated with Flandre:

Debuted in Perfect Cherry Blossom

    Letty Whiterock 
(fanart)

Youkai of Winter
Letty Whiterock

"If you can only sleep in warm weather, then you're like us and the Asebi flowers."

The youkai of winter and stage 1 boss. She is only ever seen during the winter, and goes into hibernation as spring arrives. While she attacks the heroines for attempting to end the long winter, she's only half-serious as she has already accepted that spring must eventually come.

Tropes associated with Letty:

  • Cool Big Sis: Pun not intended, but she plays this role to Cirno in Fanon. Word of God, however, says that while she does watch out for Cirno from time to time, it's only because she knows that ice fairies are an important natural part of winter.
  • Elemental Baggage: Averted. Unlike Cirno she can't create cold by herself, only manipulate what's already there. As a result she's near-powerless outside of winter.
  • Freeze Ray: Her laser attacks are sometimes depicted as such in Fanon.
  • Hollywood Pudgy: As a result of her larger-than-average hitboxnote , many fanartists had portrayed her as this. invoked
  • An Ice Person: She is a Yuki-onna, a youkai of winter. Specifically she controls cold rather than creating it.
  • An Ice Suit: The heavily dressed version.
  • Leitmotif: "Crystallized Silver."
  • Most Common Superpower: The other fanon interpretation of her larger hitbox.
  • Shout-Out: Her name is a reference to Lettie Blacklock in Agatha Christie's A Murder is Announced.
  • Willfully Weak: Her ability to manipulate and amplify cold weather makes her extremely powerful in winter, to the point where ZUN has said that she could cause an incident by herself.
    • Her profile states she let the heroines win because even she thought winter's gone on long enough.

    Chen 

The Black Cat of Evil Omens
Chen

"Uh... what? This is our home. Get out of here now!"

A nekomata youkai and shikigami to Ran Yakumo. As her own master is also a shikigami, this means that she too is a servant to Yukari Yakumo.

Tropes associated with Chen:

    Lily White 
(fanart)

Fairy Herald of Spring
Lily White

Stage 4 Mid Boss, a fairy who heralds the coming of spring. For some reason, the only way she knows how to do so is with a shower of danmaku. Despite a few appearances and descriptions throughout canon, she generally shows up as a one-note character with no dialogue, though her enthusiasm is hard to miss.

Tropes associated with Lily:

    Layla Prismriver 
(fanart, appearance is completely speculative)

Layla Prismriver

Layla Prismriver is one of the daughters of Count Prismriver who could not bring herself to leave their home after he tragically died in an accident, and his orphaned daughters each went their separate ways. Instead, she invoked powerful sorceries in order to create three poltergeists with the appearance and personalities of her three older sisters. Layla and her sisters have long since passed away before the events of Perfect Cherry Blossom.

While Layla has no official appearance, what little fanart of her exists almost universally depicts her with long green hair to complement her sisters' colors.

Tropes associated with Layla Prismriver:

    The Prismriver Sisters 
Three Poltergeist Sisters
The Prismriver Sisters

The Prismriver sisters are a trio of poltergeist sisters who serve as the stage 4 bosses. The sisters are talented musicians whose performances are popular among youkai. According to their backstory, the three poltergeist Prismriver sisters are the creations of Layla Prismriver, who based them on her three older sisters. While the original four Prismriver sisters have long since passed away, the three poltergeists have remained in their ancestral home to this day, continuing to hone their musical skills.

Tropes associated with the Prismriver Sisters:

(fanart)

The Poltergeist Violinist
Lunasa Prismriver

"Unwanted noise like you should be drowned out."

The eldest of the Prismriver trio, who specializes in stringed instruments. Lunasa is an honest, hard-working, honor student type who is nevertheless pessimistic in general.

Tropes associated with Lunasa:

  • Aloof Big Sister
  • Brown Note: She can induce depression in anyone that hears her playing her violin.
  • Elegant Classical Musician: Canonically she plays the violin without touching it, but fanartists ignore this simply because it looks cool.
  • Gradual Grinder: Her status in Phantasmagoria of Flower View. Her three-way shot keeps her safe while her attacks barrage the other screen with very slow bullets that eventually pile up and kill via suffocation.
  • The Stoic

(fanart)

The Poltergeist Trumpeter
Merlin Prismriver

"No dish has ever escaped my performance alive."

The middle sister of the Prismriver trio, who specializes in wind instruments. Merlin is energetic and easily excitable. She possesses greater raw power than her sisters, but lacks precision and control.

Tropes associated with Merlin:

(fanart)

The Poltergeist Keyboardist
Lyrica Prismriver

"Well then, let's start the performance! Sisters, get ready!"

The youngest of the Prismriver trio, who specializes in percussion and keyboard instruments. Lyrica is very intelligent, but dislikes exerting effort, so she usually tries to trick her sisters into fighting for her.

Tropes associated with Lyrica:

  • Anachronism Stew: Unlike her sisters' instruments of choice, the synthesizer clashes with the general setting, not to mention the whole classical musician image.
  • Author Appeal: ZUN does love his synthesizer music, and Akyuu wouldn't mind a good listen.
  • Brilliant, but Lazy: She's very intelligent, but she doesn't like to put much effort into anything and often tries to trick her sisters into fighting in her stead.
  • The Collector of the Strange: In this case, sounds.
  • Day in the Limelight: Her appearance in Phantasmagoria of Flower View. While her sisters are playable, only Lyrica gets a proper story mode.
  • Deadpan Snarker
  • Dirty Coward: She tends to hang back and let her sisters do all the work while she stands in the corner and snarks.
  • Failed a Spot Check: The entirety of PoFV.

     Youmu Konpaku 

The Half-Ghost Gardener
Youmu Konpaku

"The things that cannot be cut by my Roukan-Blade, forged by youkai...are close to none!"

Swordswoman and gardener of Hakugyokurou, the Netherworld court. She's half-human and half-phantom, half-dead and half-alive, half-illusion and half-reality, and altogether half-baked. She is Yuyuko's faithful servant, but her seriousness and naivete contrasts with her mistress's whimsical and carefree nature. She is the one who has been stealing the essence of spring from Gensoukyou in Perfect Cherry Blossom, under orders from Yuyuko.

Tropes associated with Youmu:

  • Ancestral Weapon: Hakurouken
  • Badass: Can also be interpreted as Little Miss Badass.
    • Badass Normal: While she's hardly normal, in the sense of being half-ghost, she lacks any of the specific magical powers assigned to most of the cast, making up for it in pure swordsmanship.
  • Battle Butler
  • BFS: Roukanken is about as long as she is tall, although she's pretty short. She also wields it in one hand while dual wielding.
  • Bullet Time: Either to demonstrate her Super Speed, or to show Hakurouken's confusion cutting powers as the protagonist experiences a zen moment.
    • A weird bug of all things supports the latter; Marisa using a Master Spark at the right moment will turn the thing from translucent to completely opaque white - she literally brightened up.
  • Butt Monkey: Her profiles call her "half-baked" in many ways, and also mention that due to her straightforward, simple, and somewhat immature personality, she often gets made fun of or bullied.
  • Catch Phrase: "Myon." As with Patchouli and Okuu, this is something she said only in PCB's Afterword that Japanese fandom has turned into a catchphrase, usually denoting surprise or frustration, or used as a nickname for Youmu herself. In Western fandom, "Myon" has become the nickname for Youmu's ghost half.
  • Charged Attack: In Ten Desires Youmu doesn't have a focused shot; holding the fire button while focused instead charges up a Blade Spam that continuously inflicts heavy damage to nearby enemies for a few seconds.
  • Cloudcuckoolander's Minder: To Yuyuko. Though since Yuyuko is mostly faking it, and Youmu has a rather one-track mind, it's sometimes inverted.
  • Close Range Combatant: Not only in the fighting games; she even manages to be one in Ten Desires.
  • Counter Attack: Voidness Sword "Slash Clearing the Six Senses" in Hisoutensoku, notable for being the only move which can counter Reimu's Fantasy Heaven. In Ten Desires (where a Counter Attack wouldn't make sense) it becomes a Charged Attack, but maintains the spirit of the trope in that it requires a good opening to use.
  • Difficult but Awesome: When she's playable in the shooting games. She does bring a sword to a danmaku fight, after all.
    • In Imperishable Night she's part of the Ghost Team, which reverses the usual unfocused spread/focused concentration, but is stronger than average (and Youmu herself has an option that fires opposite of how she moves, which can be very irritating or very useful depending on how used you are to it).
    • In Phantasmagoria of Flower View she has horrible stats and a weak offense, but a charged attack that can cancel bullets (bit low on the awesome here; it's generally not considered very useful).
    • In Ten Desires she again reverses the spread/concentration fire, but this time with Gradius-style options unfocused, and a piercing Charged Attack that hits a large area focused. Her Ten Desires incarnation is probably the best example, as she can be quite a bit more effective than anyone else, but is hard enough to play that most players can clear the game with everyone else in the time it takes to get the hang of her.
  • Disappeared Dad: While her specific relationship with Youki is unclear, he's usually assumed to be a father figure of some sort. And he disappeared, leaving his job to her.
  • The Ditz / Literal-Minded: While she's not stupid per se, she seems to have come to the conclusion that thinking too hard about anything is a waste of time. Which may be true, given that she has to deal with Yuyuko every day.
  • Doppelgänger Attack: Her phantom half can also turn into a body double. Or even a triple.
  • Dual Wielding: Uses two named swords: Hakurouken and Roukanken.
  • Expository Hairstyle Change: In Ten Desires Youmu's hair is in a messier style, and the fandom has noticed. The weird part is that a tag that roughly translates to "the face that knew men" is used for her Ten Desires fanart, and some areas of the the Japanese fandom speculate she found a boyfriend, and decided to clean up her appearance. No, we're not making this up.
  • The Gardener Who Doesn't Do Any Gardening: She is supposed to be a gardener but Canon and Fanon depicts her more like a bodyguard. In fact, all the gardening she does in canon is using her "Two Hundred Yojana in One Slash" technique to quickly trim the ludicrously vast expanses of the Cherry tree garden of Hakugyokurou.
    • Even worse, she's actually a swordsmanship tutor for Yuyuko, filling in for Youki, but Yuyuko never takes any lessons and simply asks her to take care of the garden, which we don't see her do.
  • Ghost Lights: Her phantom half, always present and independently visible around her. There's an Asian belief that human souls actually have two parts (Kon and Paku, hence her name). There's the immortal "higher" soul (Kon) that either becomes a ghost, like Yuyuko, or enters the cycle of reincarnation, and the transient "lower" soul (Paku) that animates the body and houses the earthly passions and which could, after death, become an unintelligent evil spirit, such as those seen in Subterranean Animism. Youmu's phantom-half is apparently her higher soul, while her lower soul remains in her body, giving it life.
  • Ghostly Chill: Played with; since she has a human half and a phantom half, her body temperature is in-between the two (i.e. cool by human standards but warm by ghostly standards).
  • Half-Human Hybrid: She is half-human, half-phantom, "phantoms" being the shapeless ghost-lights of the Netherworld, which include but are not limited to the spirits of the dead. Oddly this results in her having two bodies: a mostly-alive human body and a mostly-dead (but corporeal) phantom body. Whether the Konpaku clan are classified as half-phantoms because they "half-died", or whether their ancestors bred with phantoms (and how that would even work) is unknown.
    • This has a gameplay effect in Imperishable Night, where the player normally controls a human-youkai team. Part of the mechanics is a meter that slides between Human and Youkai depending on which partner you use; Youmu and Yuyuko are the only team with a meter imbalanced to one side. Once solo versions of the characters are unlocked, Youmu is the only one whose meter isn't imbalanced.
  • Highly-Visible Ninja: Her idea of stealth includes standing out in the open with no disguise.
  • Ironic Fear: She's afraid of ghost stories, despite her ancestry.
  • I Take Offense to That Last One:
    Reimu: You're a talkative ghost.
    Youmu: I'm half non-ghost, you know!
    Reimu: That was what needed correcting?
  • Katanas Are Just Better: She certainly has a thing for her two swords, one of which can cut anything (except soccer balls) while the other can cut nothing except confusion. While the latter still hurts, to most beings it will cause instant-enlightenment.
  • Kid Samurai: Youmu acts a lot like this - she is young for her race (half-ghosts), inexperienced and naive, but also very strong and absolutely loyal towards her employer Yuyuko Saigyouji.
  • Leitmotif: "Mystic Oriental Dream ~ Ancient Temple" and "Hiroari Shoots a Strange Bird ~ Till When?"
  • Meaningful Name: Both "Kon" and "Paku" mean "soul", but a "Kon" is a "mental" soul, which is separated from a body as soon as human dies, ascends to Heaven and is reborn in another realm while a "Paku" is a "physical" soul, which remains in the body for a while and then goes back to the Earth.
  • Named Weapons: Roukanken (Lookout Tower Sword) and Hakurouken (White Tower Sword), the first being her primary weapon.
  • Oxymoronic Being: She is half-human and half-ghost.
  • Shout-Out: A lot of her attributes including her sometimes childish sometimes serious attitude, ghostly companion, sword skill and fast movement make Youmu a fairly clear parallel to Jean Pierre Polnareff of JoJo's Bizarre Adventure. One of her colour palettes from Hisoutensoku is even entirely silver like Pol's Silver Chariot stand. Meanwhile, that line for Absurdly Sharp Blade above is a reference to Super Robot Wars.
  • Small Name, Big Ego: A minor case. Youmu's level of skill is actually quite impressive and she doesn't often brag about it, but she's young and has a poor idea of her own limits.
    • From Cage in Lunatic Runagate:
    Youmu: I don't mean to boast, but I am skilled in tailing. As I am half-human and half-ghost, the presences of both are less noticeable than a full one.
    Sakuya: I wonder how long our little stalker will continue to believe she has not been spotted.
  • Soul-Cutting Blade: Her sword Roukanken is claimed to "kill ten spirits in one swing". Meanwhile Hakurouken can "cut through confusion", which causes spirits to cast aside their lingering regrets and ascend to Nirvana (it has the same effect on humans, but is so much weaker that they experience only momentary discomfort).
  • Spin to Deflect Stuff: One of her moves in Immaterial and Missing Power and Scarlet Weather Rhapsody. She spins her sword to reflect the opponent's danmaku attacks.
  • Super Speed: One of her spell cards is called "Two Hundred Yojana in One Slash." A Yojana is about 6 to 15 km, so the spell card implies that Youmu can travel 1200 to 3000 km in the 2 frames (out of 60 f/sec) or so it takes to make a single slash. That's pretty damn fast. One comic has explored the idea of the characters trying to measure her speed. The measurements given in said comic show that Youmu can move at about 93% of the speed of light.
    • Said comic includes a race between Youmu and Aya (officially the fastest character in Gensokyo, but Youmu can surpass her in short bursts), in which both of them finish the race before the third participant, Reisen, even has a chance to move.
  • Tomboy: By the virtue of being an Action Girl. Her girly girl counterpart is Yuyuko.
  • Undying Loyalty: Youmu is intensely loyal to Yuyuko, except when she's not. While she often disobeys Yuyuko to go on her own adventures,note  in the end she seems to have an unconscious sense of duty that keeps her working for Yuyuko despite her complaints. And she's not even getting paid...
  • Unexpected Character: Returns in Touhou 13: Ten Desires as a playable character, well after most people had given up on ever seeing her again in a danmaku game.
  • Why Did It Have to Be Snakes?:
    • Despite the fact that she serves a ghost and is half one, Youmu is terrified of ghost stories. Made doubly ridiculous by the fact that with the Roukanken, she is one of the very few people actually capable of killing ghosts.
    • Youmu is just one huge scaredy-cat when it comes to imaginary horrors. In one chapter of Oriental Sacred Place she participates in a test of courage and spends most of it running hysterically from people in cheap Halloween costumes. Since she knew perfectly well there was nothing to be afraid of, most of them assumed she was just playing along, but her mistress knew better.
      Youmu: I'm no good with scary stuff.

    Youki Konpaku 
(fanart, appearance is completely speculative)

Youki Konpaku

Youmu Konpaku's father (or possibly grandfather) and mentor, who served as Hakugyokurou's gardener before her. He disappeared sometime before the events of Perfect Cherry Blossom, which Youmu took to be just another one of his lessons. Strictly appears only in Youmu's character description for Perfect Cherry Blossom.

Tropes associated with Youki:

    Yuyuko Saigyouji 

Ghostly Girl in the Netherworld Tower
Yuyuko Saigyouji

"In a gathering of corpses, there is beauty. Same goes for the cherry blossoms and spring..."

Ghost Princess of Hakugyokurou, also an old friend of Yukari. When she was still alive she had the power to control the spirits of the dead. Eventually this grew into the power to kill others with a thought, terrifying Yuyuko to the point of suicide, after which her body was used to seal an evil cherry tree. Over time, she forgot about her life and hatched a plan to resurrect the body sealing the tree. When she realized that it was her own body that sealed the tree, she changed her mind and lived her life as a ghost, perhaps for the better, because the resurrection of her body would destroy her and unleash the evil tree.

Tropes associated with Yuyuko:

  • Bad Powers, Good People: Having the power to invoke death as one pleases is dangerous. Good thing Yuyuko is responsible enough to know how dangerous it is, Cloudcuckoolander tendencies aside.
    • The only time it's known she has used her power is in an attempt to kill Mokou, who, as an immortal, is unaffected.
  • Battle Aura: A massive, pink paper fan with a classical motif etched on it appears behind her.
  • Beware the Nice Ones: Though she's usually a happy and upbeat person, you do NOT want to make her angry, at least according to Akyuu in Perfect Memento. Probably because she can kill with a thought.
  • Big Eater: She seems to treat her journey in Imperishable Night as a "Wonderful Midnight Snack Tour". One line implies that she actually went as far as to eat Mystia (not that this stops Mystia from reappearing in the next game). Memetic Mutation turns her into an Extreme Omnivore, with numerous examples of her eating Youmu's ghost-half and Kirby parodies.
    • In both Bohemian Archive in Japanese Red and A Beautiful Flower Blooming Violet Every Sixty Years, when Yuyuko has to compare two things she immediately thinks of them in terms of food.
  • Boobs of Steel: Often drawn with a nice figure, and no slouch in terms of power. May be justified however, since all that food has to go somewhere.
  • Brilliant, but Lazy: Yuyuko is likely smarter and more perceptive than even Yukari, but unlike Yukari she has no real ambition or long-term plans; on the rare occasion she does act it's usually For the Lulz.
  • Butterfly of Death and Rebirth: She has many butterfly-themed spell cards and projectiles. Indeed, she was the first boss in the series to use butterfly bullets. Many bosses have since used them, but never to Yuyuko's level.
  • Celestial Bureaucracy: Although she was originally human, her particular skills and situation caused her to be appointed by Eiki as permanent ruler of the Netherworld instead of reincarnating normally. Given that she still has her job, she's a presumably a Bunny-Ears Lawyer.
  • Cherry Blossom Girl: For someone not named Sakura, she sure hits a lot of points for the trope. She's got themes relating to death by simply being dead. She's aiming for the rebirth of the person buried beneath the giant cherry tree Saigyouji Ayakashi, not knowing she's the one buried there, and does this by collecting spring in the form of cherry blossom petals. Her powers are the exact opposite of healing: The ability to kill with a thought. She has an aura of traditional Japanese elegance (ruined by her constant trolling of Youmu), which includes wearing kimonos that sometimes have cherry blossom patterns. Finally, she tops it off with her pink hair.
  • Cloudcuckoolander: May or may not be Obfuscating Cloudcuckoolandity.
  • Cryptic Conversation: In any storyline where she shows up, she'll usually allude vaguely to how she's already figured out exactly what's going on (explaining things would be too boring). Her servant Youmu says she can never understand what Yuyuko is talking about.
  • Cute Ghost Girl
  • Dissonant Serenity
  • Driven to Suicide: Her eventual reaction to realizing what her power was.
  • Everything's Better With Ghost Princesses
  • Expressive Shirt: The pattern on her robe changes from game to game or story to story, but always matches something going on in the plot, even if she presumably didn't know what would happen when she got dressed. Or did she?
  • Famous Ancestor: Not exactly ancestor, but her father may or may not have been the famous Japanese poet Saigyo, who wrote a poem about his wish to die under blossoming trees. According to Perfect Momento in Strict Sense, Yuyuko's father was indeed a celebrated poet who did end up dying under the influence of the Saigyou Ayakashi, a youkai cherry tree.
  • Final Boss
  • Ghost Amnesia: To the point that she forgot that she is the one whose body is buried under the Saigyou Ayakashi.
  • Ghost Lights: Well, she is one, so it makes sense she'd have two or three floating about.
  • Girly Girl: To Youmu's tomboy.
  • Gradual Grinder: Her boss fight in Perfect Cherry Blossom has shades of this, as much as can be had in a danmaku: her bullet patterns aren't necessarily complex for a stage six boss and are relatively slow to boot. This can easily cause a player to lose their focus and glide into one of the many, many bullets that are trailing around them.
  • Guest Fighter: Appears as a playable character in Lord Of Vermilion alongside Reimu.
  • Intergenerational Friendship: Even when she and Yukari began their friendship a millennium ago Yukari was already ancient, and now she is still many times Yuyuko's age. Neither of them care in the slightest.
  • It Amused Me: She decided to make the Saigyouji Ayakashi blossom because she was curious as to who was buried underneath it and wanted to see them resurrected, not knowing it was herself.
  • I Wished You Were Dead: Her manipulation of death is described as "Invoking death as she wishes" — Yuyuko can literally wish people dead. She can also choose for the departed to be sent to Hakugyokurou instead of their normal afterlife, as well as having control over their soul.
  • Leitmotif: "Border of Life" and all of its subsequent rearranges.
  • Master Poisoner: Twice in canonnote , she has poisoned peoples' drinks... but both times they noticed and/or were immune, and Yuyuko seemed to know this would happen. Yuyuko has a weird sense of humor.
  • Mighty Glacier: In the fighting games.
  • Ms. Exposition: She explains the plot to Youmu in Silent Sinner in Blue.
  • Necromancy: Not only can she kill with a thought, but she can also control the souls of the dead. Which as you might imagine is helpful in running an afterlife.
  • Obfuscating Stupidity: Using the cover of The Ditz to cover her intellect.
  • Ojou: She is a ghost princess whose home is a towering pagoda with an immense garden.
  • The Omniscient: Of the mundane variety; she's just that perceptive. Except for that thing with the corpse under the Saigyou Ayakashi.
  • Own Death By Origin Story: See Driven to Suicide above.
  • Painfully Slow Projectile: Many of her danmaku patterns involve these. They are easy to dodge individually, but over time they will clutter up the screen, blocking your path from the faster bullets.
  • The Pollyanna: Has easily the most heart-wrenching backstory in the cast and yet is one of the funniest and most cheerful characters. This may be originally due to her completely forgetting about her past. However, she recovered her memory at the end of PCB, and nothing seems to have changed.
  • Power Gives You a Giant Fan
  • Power Incontinence: Yuyuko's power to invoke death was stronger when she was alive; while it's not clear whether she ever actually lost control of it, presumably she was very afraid of the possibility, and it's a common depiction in Fanon.
  • Sealed Evil in a Can: She seals the cherry tree, and it seals her, forever preventing her from ever being part of the Reincarnation cycle. She realizes she's happier that way.
  • Soul Jar: Inverted - her body being sealed prevents her soul from passing on. The end result is still functional immortality, though.
  • Soul Power: Her original power was merely to control the spirits of the dead, and her ability to do so is also one of the reason she was appointed to be in charge of the Netherworld. While it's never fully explained, it seems likely that her ability to cause death is also an aspect of this, ie: removing someone's soul to kill them. In-game, she is constantly surrounded by floating spirits and sometimes sends them to attack.
  • Spell My Name with an S: K-S renders her last name as "Saigyouzi."
  • Suspiciously Specific Denial: In Ten Desires
    (To Reimu): "I'll give you a hint. The cemetery behind the temple isn't suspicious."
    (To Youmu): "I doubt that some troublesome individual is about to make a return, or that there's any secrets or anything in, say, the cemetery behind the temple..."
  • Talking through Technique: Does this with Yukari, most famously in Silent Sinner in Blue where it's used to catch the Lunarians off-guard.
  • Trademark Favorite Food: According to fanon, Mystia.
  • Trickster Mentor: Whenever she decides to help someone. Unfortunately, Youmu seems too Literal-Minded for it to work on her very well.
  • Troll: At the end of Silent Sinner in Blue, she steals a 1000-year-old bottle of sake from the Moon to piss the princesses off, which was what Yukari wanted her to do — but she also trolls Yukari by not stealing anything more valuable than a bottle of sake.
  • Unexpected Character: Who could have thought she'd be the stage 1 boss of Ten Desires?
    • Recurring Boss
    • Degraded Boss: But to be fair to her...
    • Willfully Weak: ...she's not even trying; she just wants to give you a little spellcard practice before you go off to investigate the divine spirit incident.
  • Yamato Nadeshiko: She is an unusual case. She's whimsical and prefers pulling pranks on her servant/guardian, but she can be serious if the time comes. She is, however, the elegant mastermind befitting the character type.

    Saigyou Ayakashi 

Saigyou Ayakashi

An evil cherry tree sealed by Yuyuko and Yukari centuries ago. Up until Ten Desires it was the only truly evil character in the Touhou universe. It has the power to lure people to rest underneath its branches after which it drains their souls.

Tropes associated with Saigyou Ayakashi:

  • Beauty Equals Goodness: Subverted, it's its beauty that lures people to it, after which it kills them.
  • The Cameo: Appears in Ten Desires as the background for Yuyuko's spell cards (just as it did in Perfect Cherry Blossom).
  • Cherry Blossoms: Well duh.
  • Eldritch Abomination: What else can you call something that drives people insane with deadly peacefulness and beauty before draining their souls? It's perhaps the only truly evil character in the Touhou franchise.
  • Sealed Evil in a Can: It was sealed using Yuyuko's body. As such, it never flowers or bears fruit; it takes roughly all of Gensokyo's "Spring" to cause it to even begin to bloom.
  • When Trees Attack

    Ran Yakumo 
(fanart)

Shikigami of the Youkai of Boundaries
Ran Yakumo

"Don't mistake me for a simple beast either. I am the shikigami of a powerful master. As such, my powers far exceed those of any youkai you've ever seen... Not to mention those of humans. Or dogs."

A kitsune, Yukari's beleaguered but loyal shikigami, looking after the house and her duties while her mistress sleeps. A grand youkai in her own right, she is wise and strong, old enough to possess a full set of nine tails and is powerful enough to have her own shikigami, Chen.

Tropes associated with Ran:

  • Action Mom: In Fanon, she and Chen generally have a mother-daughter relationship, which normally leads to her going "CHEEEEEEEEEENNNN!!!".
  • Assist Character: Often appears as one for Yukari.
  • Badass Boast: "I am leagues different from Chen. Leagues, columns, digits, and colors."
  • Bonus Boss
  • Butt Monkey: Tends to be abused a lot by Yukari in fanon, and canon probably doesn't treat her much better due to Yukari literally throwing her into the battle and generally being very strange.
  • Colourful Theme Naming: Her name means "indigo" in Japanese. See Chen's entry above.
  • Everything's Better with Spinning
  • Familiar: She's Yukari Yakumo's shikigami, and is powerful enough to have Chen as her own shikigami.
  • Fastball Special: Yukari often literally throws Ran into the fray.
  • Good with Numbers: Capable of doing complex calculations in an instant. She also calculated the width of the Sanzu River in her spare time. Most likely, this skill of hers is part of an ongoing joke where ZUN compares shikigami to computers.
  • Happiness in Slavery: Both Ran and Yukari believe that a shikigami is a tool, and that to achieve her full power as a shikigami, Ran must always do precisely what is ordered of her. An article in BAiJR describes Yukari beating her for getting into a fight without permission while she was asleep. note  A shikigami gains power from their master so long as they obey, so getting into fights that the master doesn't authorize deprives the servant of potential power.
  • Kitsune: She's a nine-tailed fox, which are traditionally quite powerful in mythology (almost divine). Presumably this is meant to contrast with her status as a shikigami and make Yukari seem even more threatening. Indeed, it may be hard to remember at times, but Ran is a fully-fledged Extra Boss, placing her in the same general league as Flandre Scarlet, Fujiwara no Mokou, and Suwako Moriya. In fact, Ran is also a Mid-Boss for the only Phantasm-level enemy in the series (Yukari), which technically puts her in a league above all the others.
  • Leitmotif: Her official boss theme is "A Maiden's Illusionary Funeral ~ Necro-Fantasy," (of which Yukari's theme is a reprise/remix, oddly enough), but she also tends to be associated with "Charming Domination."
  • Mama Bear: Her reaction to the playing character "bullying" Chen in the PCB extra stage. Insert "CHEEEEEEEEEEEENNNN!!!" when appropriate.
  • Multiple-Tailed Beast
  • Little Bit Beastly: Nine-tailed fox, though in her official art we only see her tails since she keeps her ears covered under a hat.
  • Nose Bleed: A lot of fanart tends to have Ran do this when Chen does anything that Tastes Like Diabetes. Often to epic levels — it's even sparked a meme called "Nosebleed Spark".
  • Say My Name: Fanon tends to toy around with this due to her Action Mom status... "CHEEEEEEEEEEEENNNN!!!!"
  • Trademark Favorite Food: Fried tofu is traditionally loved by kitsune, and according to Perfect Memento in Strict Sense Ran is no exception. It's said that one could persuade her out of fighting by offering her some.
  • The Watson: To Yukari, especially in Silent Sinner in Blue.
  • Yamato Nadeshiko: A common Fanon portrayal, since she looks after Yukari's house while she's asleep.

    Yukari Yakumo 

Youkai of Boundaries
Yukari Yakumo

"Oh, so that's a 'strange incident'? Then I suppose I'm a mobile strange incident."

The mysterious "youkai of boundaries" and one of the most powerful beings in Gensokyonote  - her signature "gaps" allow her to travel almost anywhere (including the Outside World), her Onmyodo skills let her find out almost anything, and she's no slouch in combat either. She tends to mess around with people or use them as pawns in her schemes, but most of the time she has the best interests of Gensokyo at heart. It's heavily implied that Yukari was one of the architects of the Great Hakurei Barriernote , and she will quickly show up to repair it if damaged. However, as she sleeps through the day and hibernates through winter, she leaves most of her work to her shikigami Ran. Yukari is an old friend of Yuyuko, and the closest thing Reimu has to an employer.

Tropes associated with Yukari:

  • Ancient Tradition: A one-woman variation, but only helps when she sees fit.
  • Anonymous Benefactor: Occasionally leaves things in the Hakurei Shrine's donation box when Reimu's not looking.
  • Awakening the Sleeping Giant: Yukari is mostly content to have Reimu and her shikigami solve most issues, partly due to her odd sleep schedule, partly due to just being lazy. If something happens that is actively threatening Gensokyo however, Yukari will not hesitate to get involved; Eientei and later Tenshi learned this the hard way.
  • The Archmage: The Onmyodo version, not the quasi-scientific magic practiced by youkai magicians.
  • Artificial Brilliance / Leaning on the Fourth Wall: In Perfect Cherry Blossom. Unlike any other boss in the series, Yukari will actually pause her attacks (and the timer) during her final spellcard whenever the player manages to gain some form of invincibility, and will calmly wait until it wears off before resuming.
  • Awesome, but Impractical: Yukari's ultimate spell card in the fighting games, Obsolete Line: Trip to the Old Station, trumps most every other card used by any other character in sheer damage output. However, it can be avoided by flying over it (not grazed or blocked, however), and the portal for summoning the train takes a long time to open, so any opponent worth their salt will knock you upside the head while you're channeling it. If Typhoon is active, however....
    • It is, however, one of the best Okizeme (wake up game) supers in the game. Yukari has some very easy set ups that give her ample time to channel the super while the opponent is flailing through the air and or getting up from the floor, and if done correctly these setups lead to the opponent rising to an unblockable, ungrazeable train to the face.
  • Bad Boss: Yukari's article in Bohemian Archive in Japanese Red describes her disciplining Ran by hitting her with an umbrella. She claims it's not abuse because shikigami are first and foremost tools.
  • Barrier Maiden: She was instrumental in gathering support for the construction of the Great Hakurei Barrier, and her powers are based around manipulating barriers, but she leaves the Barrier's upkeep to Reimu and usually steps in only to repair major damage.
  • Barrier Warrior
  • Berserk Button: Damaging the Great Hakurei Barrier. Her laziness, her shikigami and the other resident incident resolvers are not excuses for her sit idly by while someone damages Genskoyo's foundation, and she makes sure the perpetrator knows it. Case and point: her story mode in Scarlet Weather Rhapsody. Tenshi's earthquake stunt destroys the Hakurei Shrine and thus damages the Barrier, leading Yukari to go on a manhunt and personally kick Tenshi's behind all the way back to Bhava-Agra. Fanon likes to depict this as a Curb-Stomp Battle.
  • Big Good / Mysterious Backer: Mostly the former, but Yukari isn't human and the oddity of some of her behaviour occasionally pushes her towards the latter.
  • Blue and Orange Morality / Cloudcuckoolander: Her philosophy seems to be some form of Taoism... as interpreted by a "very youkai-like" Youkai with a manipulative streak. Even other youkai have trouble understanding her motives.
  • Bonus Boss: Notable for being the only "bonus bonus boss" in the main series, the boss of Perfect Cherry Blossom's Phantasm stage.
    • True Final Boss: Accessing the Phantasm stage is also non-standard, requiring not only clearing the Extra stage, but having captured at least sixty of the game's spell cards.
  • Boobs of Steel: One of the few characters portrayed in-game with a noticeable bust... and possesses god-like powers.
  • Brilliant, but Lazy: Though it's hard to tell what parts of Yukari's actions are complex plotting disguised as laziness, or laziness disguised as complex plotting.
  • But for Me, It Was Tuesday: In Immaterial and Missing Power.
    Sakuya: "Whatever. Stop lying and give up your schemes, now."
    Yukari: (Which lies and schemes is she talking about? It's hard to keep track of them all...)
  • The Chessmaster: She's had a hand in many, many schemes over the years, the complexity and scope of which makes Kanako look upstart. Including the disastrous Moon invasion 1000 years ago that taught youkai not to overstep their boundaries, and made Yukari well-known, even among the humans (whether Yukari knew they would lose and this would happen is up for debate). Then, 500 years later, in order to return leverage to the youkai over that of the humans, she laid the groundwork for the Hakurei Barrier, by establishing the area of Gensoukyou as a youkai haven, where they could emigrate to and be free from the outside, after which the Barrier took 400 years more to be completed. Even the debates and conflicts over the Barrier and their use in distracting from Gensoukyou's vulnerable human population until youkai and humans could live together there were possibly foreseen by her. Lastly and most strikingly, the entirety of Silent Sinner in Blue and Cage in Lunatic Runagate was planned out by her, manipulating the Watatsuki sister, Eirin, and Remilia against each other, all of whom are quite clever in their own right.
    • Yukari openly acknowledges herself as this when playing as Sakuya in Perfect Cherry Blossom.
    Sakuya: So, is law enforcement [in the Netherworld] always like this?
    Yukari: There's no law in this world. As we can't have a death penalty, of course.
    Sakuya: Oh, what about the Yama?
    Yukari: One just needs to be stronger than the Yama and they can do as they please. That's the way of this place... no, of all places.
    Sakuya: Stronger how exactly? Financially?
    Yukari: In cunning.
  • Colour Coded Characters: Reimu and Yukari form the "Border team" in Imperishable Night. It's rather convenient that the colors of their outfits correspond to the borders between visible and invisible light.
  • Colourful Theme Naming: Her name means "violet" in Japanese. See Chen's entry above.
  • Compressed Hair: Somehow manages to hide almost all her hair in her hat in the fighting games.
  • Cool Train: Attacks with one in one of her spell cards in Scarlet Weather Rhapsody. All Aboard the Yukari Express!
  • Cryptic Conversation: Tends to make confusingly vague remarks, though not as much as Yuyuko does.
  • Damage-Sponge Boss: A literal case of Up to Eleven: Yukari has eleven health bars compared to the Extra stage bosses' ten, giving her the distinction of having the most HP of any boss in the series.
  • Evilutionary Biologist: Over time Gensokyo's youkai have drifted from their origins as manifestations of human fear, becoming less aggressive and more capable of developing individual personalities. Yukari was somehow involved in most of the factors contributing to this.note  The "evil" part comes in because youkai haven't become fully independent beings yet, and Yukari helps with the food supply.
  • Fastball Special: Her usual method of using Ran. Yukari is the pitcher.
  • Frame Break: Sort of. In Scarlet Weather Rhapsody Yukari's spell cards Boundary "Border Between 2D and 3D" and Boundary "Objective Border" travel along the edge of the screen.
  • The Gods Must Be Lazy: Has power rivalling a god, and seems to see herself as the custodian of Gensokyo. So lazy she sleeps 12 hours a day and "hibernates" though the whole winter. Even when she's awake, she still doesn't take much direct action, instead manipulating others into doing her job for her.
  • Good with Numbers: She's even better than Ran.
  • Graceful Ladies Like Purple
  • Gradual Grinder / Mighty Glacier: In the fighting games. She's slow, has high Knockback and Chip Damage, and is very good at preventing enemies from trapping her, but doesn't have enough good Combos to benefit much from trapping enemies herself. She's also poor at aerial combat, but makes up for it with Anti-Air attacks.
  • Green Lantern Ring: What does "Manipulating Boundaries" do? Whatever the hell you want it to do!
  • Hammerspace: Tends to become a Hyperspace Arsenal at times with traffic signs, tombstones and a train.
  • Hard Work Hardly Works: Even more so than Reimu.
  • Heavy Sleeper: She hibernates through the wintertime. Some fanon theories claim that this is because Yuyuko's death traumatized her in some way, but there is no evidence of this.
  • Immortal Immaturity: Fans tend to portray her this way.
  • I'm a Humanitarian: Teased throughout the series. She hints at storing humans for the winter to Marisa in Perfect Cherry Blossom, Perfect Memento In Strict Sense says she might attack humans from the outside world to keep her youkai status, and she openly admits in Wild And Horned Hermit that Gensokyo's youkai's "food supply" comes from the outside world.
  • I'm Taking Her Home with Me!: Most of the fluctuations in the Great Hakurei Barrier that can send clueless humans into Gensoukyou are her doing, "spiriting away" some of the folk she finds fascinating. In fanon this sometimes is manifested as literally taking people home with her.
  • Kansas City Shuffle: In Silent Sinner in Blue. Relying on Remilia's greed to create a decoy is one thing. Being a second decoy is quite another.
  • Lady of War
  • Leitmotif: "Necrofantasia" from PCB (a remix/expansion of the chorus of Ran's theme), and "Night Falls ~ Evening Star" from the fighting games.
  • Light Feminine and Dark Feminine / Tomboy and Girly Girl: Yukari is elegant and manipulative, compared to the tomboyish and honest Reimu. According to ZUN she was designed as a Foil to Reimu with similar powers so that they could team up in Imperishable Night.
  • Limited Wardrobe: Avoided. She wore a western-style one-piece dress in her debut appearance in Perfect Cherry Blossom, but Immaterial and Missing Power gave her a new dress in a mishmash of western and Chinese styles to further symbolize her boundary-related powers. Although the latter outfit appears to have stuck in the games for the time being, fanworks tend to depict her in either outfit, depending on the artist's tastes. Yukari also wears a unique purple sleeveless dress with white shirt underneath in the Boundary Team ending in Imperishable Night, meaning she averted this trope within a single game. And in Wild and Horned Hermit and Forbidden Scrollery she appears with different sets of clothes.
  • Meaningful Rename: "Yukari Yakumo" is not her real name, but something she chose to call herself; she also gave Ran her current name. Fans sometimes use this as evidence that she is really an older Maribel Hearn. Chapter 26 of Curiosities of Lotus Asia features Rinnosuke pondering the possible reasons she chose that name.
  • Mighty Whitey: Maybe. It's been implied that Yukari was originally a Western human (not that you could tell from the art).
  • My Species Doth Protest Too Much: Yukari seems more interested in preserving the balance between humans and youkai (or possibly even helping humans) than in helping youkai, though she tries to cover it up (which is one of the reasons she rarely acts directly). It's implied that she was originally human herself.
  • Not Me This Time: Most of the fights against Yukari in Immaterial and Missing Power are the result of the player character assuming that she must be the cause behind the incident and attacking her.
  • The Omniscient: Yukari is likely the most well-informed person in Gensokyo, deriving from her network of shikigami spies, divination magic, ability to travel to the outside world and the lunar capital, and possibly being from the future.
  • Omniscient Morality License
  • Onmyodo: She's such a powerful magic user that not only is her shikigami an old and mighty kitsune, but her shikigami has its own shikigami (and Silent Sinner in Blue shows that she simultaneously uses numerous lesser shikigami as spies). She occasionally tutors Reimu in the use of her own powers.
  • Opera Gloves: In at least her PCB appearance.
  • Opposites Attract: Despite being on opposing sides of the human-youkai conflict, and even being perhaps the primary representatives of their sides, Yukari and Reimu seem to be helping each other more often than not.
  • Parasol of Pain: She always carries a parasol and uses it as a weapon in the fighting games.
  • Parasol of Prettiness: What her parasol is normally portrayed as in both canon and fanon artwork.
  • Physical God: Sort of straddles the line between being one and not being one. On the one hand, Gensokyo has actual gods among its population, which discourages the literal application of the trope. On the other hand, she has the raw power of a god and then some, and is one of the beings responsible for creating and maintaining Gensokyo as it is now.
  • Portal Network: It's implied that her powers tap into one of these, relying on spiritual similarity between two places rather than connecting any two arbitrary points. However, it has so many entry points that it usually makes no difference. Most notably, she can only access the Lunar Capital by opening a portal inside the reflection of the full moon on a large body of water.
  • Power Perversion Potential: Her ability to manipulate boundaries normally manifests as a combination of Hammerspace and Instant Portal Picture To Anywhere. And looks suspiciously like a vagina. With multiple unblinking eyes staring from the inside.
  • Purple Is Powerful: See Colorful Theme Naming under Chen.
  • Reality Warper: According to Akyuu (who admits that some of her profiles are exaggerated, but not which or how):
    The ability to manipulate boundaries is a terrifying ability capable of fundamentally undermining reality. As far as we know, everything is built upon the existence of boundaries. If there was no water surface, there could be no lake. If there was no sky line, neither mountain nor sky could exist. Were it not for the Great Barrier, even Gensokyo itself wouldn't exist. If there were no boundaries, everything would probably exist as a single enormous object. Thus, the ability to manipulate boundaries is by logic an ability of creation and destruction. It essentially creates a new being, or rejects the existence of a being. [...] It's said that this ability is not limited to physical space, but also applies to pictures, others' dreams, and even stories.
  • Schrödinger's Butterfly: Footnote 5 in Yukari's entry from Perfect Memento in Strict Sense:
    Indeed, she may spend the winters and the daytime, when she claims to be sleeping, in the outside world, and some even say that the world in Yukari's dreams is the outside world.
  • Shrouded in Myth: Appears to invoke this deliberately.
  • Statuesque Stunner: Being one of the tallest characters, mysterious and powerful, Yukari gets this treatment in fanart a lot.
  • Supernatural Is Purple
  • Superpower Lottery: Definite winner.
  • Talking through Technique: Does this with Yuyuko, most famously in Silent Sinner in Blue where it's used to catch the Lunarians off-guard.
  • Telepathy: Appears to display this ability in the Eastern and Little Nature Deity short story Fairy of the Moon.
    Luna, who thought she had erased all surrounding sounds, somehow heard a voice calling out to her. [...] Luna instantly knew that the owner of that voice was a dangerous youkai. She had erased all sound, so if she could hear this voice, it wasn't normal. Because it was a voice she heard in her heart.
  • Teleporters and Transporters: She thinks with Portals!
  • Thinking Up Portals: One of the most common uses of her power.
  • Trickster Mentor: Acts this way towards Reimu.
  • Troll: Fanon depicts Yukari as one of these, to the point where there's a pool on Danbooru dedicated to her trolling of the other characters.
    • It's very apparent in Scarlet Weather Rhapsody as well.
    • And then there's Silent Sinner in Blue. Even after being trolled by Yuyuko, who stole only a bottle of 1000-year-old sake from the Moon, Yukari goes on to troll Eirin by serving her the very same sake in the last chapter of Cage in Lunatic Runagate, leaving Eirin baffled about how Yukari got it.
  • The Walls Have Eyes: Her "gaps" are often shown filled with unblinking eyes (and occasionally arms, struggling to get out). Some of her spell cards in Hisoutensoku create singular eyes that shoot beams.
    Magic Eye "Laplace's Demon" - A large number of eyes appear staring at the enemy. Once the eyes see an exploitable weakness, they attack. It seems this is how Yukari knows what's going on in all of Gensokyo at all times.
  • Well-Intentioned Extremist: Darker and Edgier fan stories with Gensokyo's existence on the line will typically have Yukari going to extremes to preserve it, inevitably raising the ire of the current protagonists (usually for good reason). See: Diamond In The Rough.
  • A Wizard Did It: In fanon, she's usually the wizard that did it.

Debuted in Immaterial and Missing Power

    Suika Ibuki 

Tiny Hyakki Yakou
Suika Ibuki

"Your chi can't beat my chi. I AM chi."

An oni with the power to manipulate density, which extends to gathering or dispersing emotions and people, along with more destructive applications. She caused the inhabitants of Gensoukyou to have more parties for a while, hoping to attract more of her kind to Gensoukyou and reuinite her people that had been scattered long ago. Currently living in Bhava-Agra (one realm of Heaven) after threatening the inhabitants to allow her to stay there.

Tropes associated with Suika:

  • Adaptation Dye-Job: Suika's sprites in fighting games represent her with brown hair, however, her artwork shows her with light orange hair. Her sprite in Double Spoiler confirms that her hair color is more orange than brown. Though, fanworks sometimes depict her as blonde or brunette, depending on the artist's preferences or color judgements.
  • Badass: She tore Tenshi a new one so badly that she had to give up a chunk of Heaven to her just to make Suika stop.
    • Turns out Tenshi banked on Suika getting as bored of Heaven's pleasures as herself and would leave rather quickly before anyone noticed, as she gave up that land without telling anyone. Unfortunately for Tenshi, oni have a much higher appreciation for Bhava-Agra's endless feasts than she does.
  • Bird Run: Her method of walking normally.
  • Chained by Fashion: Her wrists and the back of her hair sports shackles and short chains, and these chains are connected to geometric shapes.
  • Cute Bruiser: Noticeably younger-looking than most of the cast. Can tear apart mountains with her bare hands.
  • Cute Giant: Suika is normally pretty small and adorable, but has the ability to change her size at will. She's still adorable when she's huge, but you're probably not thinking such as you're trying to avoid getting squashed by her!
  • Drunken Master: She's almost always drunk, and yet a formidable opponent. ZUN even states in her profile that she becomes stronger the more intoxicated she becomes.
  • Excuse Me While I Multitask: Her guarding animation has her drinking from her gourd. Even more ridiculous is her crouch guard, where she does the same thing while lounging.
  • Fire-Breathing Diner: For one of her attacks in the fighting games, Suika takes a sip from her gourd before spewing out a wave of fire.
  • Final Boss
  • Glacier Waif: She could probably move glaciers.
  • Grievous Bottley Harm: Her gourd is connected to a chain, which lets Suika use it as an Epic Flail for a few attacks.
  • Hair Decorations: She wears short chains and a bow in her hair, and also has a bow tied to one of her horns.
  • Hard-Drinking Party Girl: She carries a magic gourd of sake that never runs dry. No one has seen her sober.
    • Apparently every oni (or at least the ones cool enough to be named) have an artifact associated with drinking alcohol, hers being the Ibuki Gourd.
  • Horned Humanoid
  • Intangible Man: Suika can become mist at will.
  • Interface Screw: "Pandemonium", Suika's last spell as the Final Boss in Immaterial and Missing Power destroys portions of the game HUD as she takes more and more damage, eventually leading to the near-breakdown of reality itself.
  • Leitmotif: "Onigashima in the Fairyland ~ Missing Power" and "Broken Moon."
  • Little Miss Snarker: Jolly most of the time, she nevertheless has harsh comments for everyone in Immaterial and Missing Power. Probably justified since oni are known to hate liars, and as such she wouldn't believe in sugarcoating her words.
  • Me's a Crowd: She can make tiny clones of herself, using her power to manipulate density.
  • Pals with Jesus: One of the very few people who calls Yukari a friend, having known each other well before the Great Hakurei Barrier was created.
  • Paper-Thin Disguise: In Wild and Horned Hermit, she tries to disguise herself as a sake vendor, only for a barging Reimu to instantly recognize her.
  • Pintsized Powerhouse: She's officially one of the shortest characters in the series (at least at her regular height), but she's also one of the physically strongest.
  • Semantic Superpower: Controls density. Physical density, like making herself into mist or just really big/small, and things like, say, population density.
  • Sizeshifter: She can also change her size at will, either becoming a really large oni or a really small oni. She can even use her hair to form mini-Suikas. Interestingly enough, at her normal size she's one of the shortest characters in the series.
  • Sleeves Are for Wimps
  • Stalker Without A Crush: She tells everyone in Immaterial and Missing Power that she's been watching them, so she sometimes gets depicted like this.
  • Super Smoke: Part of her density powers. She's used this form to attack several bystanders in Wild and Horned Hermit.

Debuted in Imperishable Night

    Wriggle Nightbug 
(fanart)

The Insect Of Light Crawling In The Dark
Wriggle Nightbug

"...C'mon, I'll shoot first if you don't!"

A firefly youkai with the ability to control insects.

Tropes associated with Wriggle:

  • Bifauxnen: Since she's one of the few characters who have short hair and wear pants, a lot of fanart likes to depict her as looking very boyish, to the point where most posts of her on Danbooru get the "reverse trap" tag. In fanon she's often depicted with a personality similar to that of Souseiseki.
  • Boyish Short Hair: Which contributes to her fandom portrayal as a Bifauxnen.
  • Butt Monkey: As with a lot of minor characters, she is often depicted as being abused by the more powerful denizens.
  • Dynamic Entry: WRIGGLE KICK! 
  • Heart Is an Awesome Power: Gathering and controlling insects may not seem too impressive, but think about how many freaking scary insects there are: acid spitting hornets, bullet ants, killer bees, etc. Not to mention the vast numbers of insects. And according to Perfect Memento In Strict Sense, she is capable of gathering a demonic breed of harvest mites - a kind of microscopic bug, whose bites are hard to detect and fatally poisonous.
  • Leitmotif: "Stirring an Autumn Moon ~ Mooned Insect"
  • Little Bit Beastly: Firefly antennae.
  • Tomboy and Girly Girl: Back-to-back bosses Wriggle and Mystia are often portayed as the respective tropes.
  • Wholesome Crossdresser: This is on the other side of the Bifauxnen, a Memetic Mutation that started with ZUN confirming she is a girl. Fans went along with her dressing up as a guy, and why the above fanart makes her look like a guy.

    Mystia Lorelei 
(fanart)

Night Sparrow Youkai
Mystia Lorelei

"A professional doesn't choose their songs."

A night sparrow youkai who loves to sing. Her singing causes night-blindness to those who hear it, which in-game shrinks the player's field of view. She currently runs a food stand that sells grilled lamprey.

Tropes associated with Mystia:

  • Badass Boast: "All humans fear me in the darkness! If I wanted, I could call enough youkai here to eradicate every human in this land.", or "I'll show you the true terror of darkness!" It's all empty bluster, though. And she really makes herself look stupid by using the "terror of darkness" line when talking to Remilia. A vampire. You know, lord of the night?
  • Berserk Button: You'll either frighten or anger her if you talk about grilled/fried chicken around her.
  • Book Dumb: She's unable to read kanji, but she still runs a successful food stand.
  • Brown Note: Her singing will cause confusion and possibly night-blindness for any human who hears it.
  • Boisterous Weakling: Severely overstates her abilities. She's so confident that she can defeat the heroines that after she's defeated as a mid-boss, she immediately starts the boss battle. No other character in the series does this. After the border team beats her Yukari says "A weakling acting strong leads to despair all the faster."
  • Chew Toy: Yuyuko's, both figuratively and literally. Rumia also tries to eat her during their combination attack in Touhou Soccer.
  • Cool Shades/Hell-Bent for Leather/Too Many Belts/Zettai Ryouiki: Her Choujuu Gigaku outfit along with Kyouko.
  • Creepy Child: Likes singing. Likes eating people. Likes singing about eating people.
  • Interface Screw: her night-blindess power reduces the player's field of view.
  • Leitmotif: "Deaf to All but the Song"
  • Little Bit Beastly: Night sparrow wings and, oddly enough, furry ears (which sparrows don't have). And talons, when artists remember to draw them.
  • Meaningful Name: Her last name refers to the German folk legend of the Lorelei, a water spirit whose beautiful singing voice would cause sailors to become distracted and then crash their ships into the rocks, drowning them.
  • Snake Oil Salesman: In Bohemian Archive in Japanese Red, Mystia has started a food stand, selling grilled lamprey that she claims can help cure night-blindness. It turns out she's inducing the night-blindness with her songs and cancelling the effects herself as her customers eat.
  • Punk Rock: Together with Kyouko she becomes Choujuu Gigaku (dance of bird and beast), a punk group that holds 'guerrilla concerts' at the dead of night.
  • Temporary Night-Blindness: What you'll get if you listen to her song.
  • Unusual Ears: Feathered wing-shaped ears — weirdly, as sparrows don't have external ears.
  • Winged Humanoid: Sparrow wings, supposedly, though they actually have a weird bird/bat hybrid design. (Normal bird wings don't have separate fingers.)

    Keine Kamishirasawa 
Normal form (fanart)
Hakutaku form (fanart)

Half-Beast Of Knowledge And History
Keine Kamishirasawa

"Tonight, I'll make an imperial feast out of your history!"

The were-hakutaku who protects the human village, she also runs a school. Fanon has it that various "child" characters, like Cirno, Mystia, Rumia, Daiyousei, and sometimes even Tenshi, Parsee, and Kisume, all attend her school as well, although this blatantly ignores the canon that she refuses to teach youkai. Possesses the ability to "eat" and hide history, and create brand new history in her hakutaku form, though she is really bad at controlling it. She's also one of Mokou's few friends.

Tropes associated with Keine:

  • Animorphism: She turns into a Hakutaku during the full moon, but it seems that the only apparent physical feature that changes is that she grows a tail and horns, complete with ribbon and her hair turns green.
  • Beware the Nice Ones: Fanon sometimes portrays Keine as a gentle if stern person who becomes an Ax-Crazy psychopath that likes to CAVE people during a full moon.
  • Boobs of Steel: Often depicted as such due to her vaguely-defined powers, use of corporal punishment... and the resemblance of her hakutaku form to a cow.
  • Fantastic Racism: Keine is the first character in the series to express the sentiment that youkai and humans should be segregated. And it need not be said that she'd take the side of the humans if push came to shove (and indeed that's exactly what she does in IN). To be fair, it's based on the theory that youkai will die out if humans stop fearing them, so maintaining a mutually antagonistic relationship is for the benefit of both sides. Made especially interesting by the fact that her were-hakutaku nature causes her to be considered half-human and half-youkai.
    • It's probably also connected with what the Hakutaku, or Bai Ze in the original Chinese, was. The Bai Ze is said to have approached the Yellow Emperor to warn him about 10,000+ different kinds of yaoguai (original Chinese term for what the Japanese call youkai), their respective threat levels, and how to arbitrate with, repel, and/or destroy them. The Bai Ze was very much a fantastic beast in its own right.
  • Leitmotif: "Plain Asia," and "Extend Ash ~ Hourai Victim" for her Extra Stage appearance. Occasionally "Nostalgic Blood of the East ~ Old World" as well.
  • Little Bit Beastly: When transformed.
  • Lunacy: While she does turn into a hakutaku during a full moon, she doesn't become evil or anything. Though it's still best not to interrupt her work.
  • Meaningful Name: If you read every single kanji in the name "Kamishirasawa" differently, it would be pronounced ue-hakutaku, ie: were-hakutaku with a Japanese accent.
  • Nice Hat: A bento box? A miniature pagoda?
  • Our Werewolves Are Different: In her case, a were-hakutaku.
  • Paint It Green: A variant - when she becomes a hakutaku, her blue dress turns green to match her hair.
  • Pro-Human Transhuman: Despite being partially youkai, she protects the human village from youkai.
  • Protectorate: Both the human village and Mokou.
  • Sadist Teacher: Forgot to hand in your homework? Headbutt. As noted in the supplementary materials, this is particularly painful on a full moon, when she has horns. According to The Grimoire of Marisa, she even uses spell cards in her lessons!
  • Schoolmarm: In fanon, whenever she's shown teaching she's more often than not depicted as this. However, it's been Jossed as of Forbidden Scrollery, where it's shown that she works at an elementary school with more than one teacher.
  • Stone Wall: Fan games usually place her somewhere between Stone Wall and Jack of All Stats. Sometimes her hakutaku form is made a Glass Cannon for contrast.
  • Un-Person: Her ability as a human is to hide history, not destroy it. As in, hiding an entire Human village from history to make sure Youkai don't find it, yet still letting it exist. It is also a Running Gag in the fandom that missing characters were also hidden by her powers, like Rin Satsuki.
  • Use Your Head: Keine gives out headbutts to anyone who fails to hand in their homework. Getting headbutted on the full moon when she's in EX-mode is the other major definition of CAVED.

    Tei Inaba 
(fanart)

White Rabbit of Good Fortune
Tei/Tewi Inaba

"I don't lie just for my own fortune, but for those I trick, too. If you want bring good fortune to someone, you've got to lie."

An earth rabbit youkai and leader of the earth rabbits of Eientei. Her explicit power is the ability to bring good luck to people, but usually she's just a prankster. Started as another stage midboss with no dialogue, only a name and profile, but later got more coverage, including a major role in Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth.

Tropes associated with Tei:

  • Ascended Extra: She was originally a midboss who wasn't even named in-game, just in the manual. She however got a speaking role in Phantasmagoria of Flower View and then became one of the main characters of Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth.
  • The Barnum: In an interview she claims that while she's selling people lies, she still sort of gives them what they want.
  • Born Lucky: It's her explicit power to bring luck to other people, but as shown in Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth, she can use her power for herself as well. This resulted in the finding of a gold and jewels filled chest and... an anti-tank mine.
  • Crazy-Prepared: Again in Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth, Tei is shown to have packed sake on a fishing trip to go along with the fish they catch. When Reisen says it's only good if they caught fish, Tei pulls out four dried sardines on a stick, just in case the trip is a total loss.
  • Does Not Like Shoes: The majority of the Fanon usually draw her barefoot.
  • Immortal Immaturity: While very intelligent and capable of handling responsibility, she much prefers mischief.
  • King Incognito: In Cage in Lunatic Runagate, Reisen asks why Tei's shenanigans are tolerated. Eirin's private thoughts reveal to the reader that it's Tei who allowed the Moon natives to stay in Eientei when they first arrived, offering to help keep the exiles hidden so long as Eirin shared her knowledge with the earth rabbits, whom all obey Tei. The reason the Earth rabbits obey Kaguya and Eirin is only because Tei tells them to. So the Lunarians are not tolerating Tei. Tei is tolerating them.
  • Leitmotif: Her official theme in Phantasmagoria of Flower View is "Lord Usa's Elemental Flag," but she's more associated with the stage five theme from Imperishable Night, "Cinderella Cage ~ Kagome, Kagome."
  • Little Bit Beastly: Earth rabbit.
  • Rascally Rabbit: Naturally. It's implied that this is a characteristic of Earth rabbits that Moon rabbits aren't seen to display.
  • Really 700 Years Old: She was specifically mentioned as being one of the oldest youkai in Gensoukyou. There are records of her existence dating back to the creation of Gensoukyou, which makes her over 1300 years old. If you take The White Hare of Inaba, a tale of a trickster rabbit, as the legend Tei is based off of, then this places her as several thousand years old, as the myth appears in the Kojiki, the oldest surviving text of Japan.
  • Screwy Squirrel: She is a known chronic habitual liar, a prankster (usually at Reisen's expense), and a scammer.
  • Species Surname: Inaba is what Kaguya calls all rabbits. It probably refers to the fairy tale The Hare of Inaba.
  • Spell My Name with an S: Her given name has also been spelled "Tewi". However, the "wi" character has been rendered obsolete in modern Japanese, and is pronounced the same as the Japanese "i" anyway. Considering that Tei is supposed to be over 1200 years of age, the "wi" character could have been chosen as a note to her actual age, despite her childish looks and attitude. See also Tenshi's entry.
  • The Trickster
  • Troll: Fanon often depicts her going too far with her pranks. Like Yukari, this has earned her a Danbooru pool of her trolling.

    Reisen Udongein Inaba 

Lunatic Moon Rabbit
Reisen Udongein Inaba

"I'll show you two everything of the moon's insanity!"

A Lunar Rabbit who fled from the Lunar War, abandoning her comrades. It's not known whether she did it out of cowardice or something else. She was found in Eientei by Kaguya and became her pet and Eirin's student. Nicknamed "Udonge" by the latter and "Inaba" by the former (though that is how Kaguya refers to all rabbits), Reisen now loyally serves and protects her master and teacher. Being a Lunar Rabbit, she is gifted with the madness-inducing eye, though Phantasmagoria of Flower View reveals that her eyes also control waves in general, including mind waves and electromagnetic waves.

Tropes associated with Reisen:

  • Alternate Character Reading: Reisen's spell card names are an oddity - they all have one name in kanji, but they're then given an official pronunciation in katakana, which creates a totally different phrase. For example, her first spell card's name is "Wave Sign: Red Eyes Hypnosis," but going by the katakana will get you "Wave Sign: Mind Shaker". Interestingly, only the katakana expression will change with difficulty level.
  • Badass Boast: "The moon can drive people mad. So can you really beat me, the rabbit whose eyes contain the moon's power?"
  • Badass in a Nice Suit: She only wore a suit jacket in her first game appearance, and exclusively wore short-sleeved dress shirts in all subsequent games, but the suit has become her Iconic Outfit. In Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth, she wears the suit most of the time, and only takes the jacket off in summer.
  • Bad Powers, Good People: Her power, aside from being able to manipulate waves, is to drive people insane with her eyes. She doesn't really do this, though; she's depicted as one of the most level-headed characters in all of Gensoukyou, and only uses this power during Imperishable Night in order to protect Kaguya.
  • Butt Monkey: Everyone Reisen met treated her as a Butt Monkey in the semi-canonical Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth. She often suffers through "punishment time <3" at the hands of her master Eirin who sometimes knocks her out for days at a time, takes the brunt of whatever whims Princess Kaguya is having, and is the favorite target of Earth rabbit Tewi for her pranks. Both Mokou and Keine considered eating her, Suwako beat her up, Patchy teleported her into a wall after she almost got eaten by Books That Bite, she almost became bait for Flandre, Alice used her as bait against a carnivorous mushroom, Reisen II kicked her in the face when she landed, Yorihime ran her through Training from Hell, and even Wriggle, a stage one boss, completely overwhelmed her with her bugs. Poor Moon Rabbit.
  • Confusion Fu: Fittingly for a character who induces insanity.
    • In Danmaku games, her gimmick is bullets that do not behave as they initially appear. Bullets will seem to fly in all directions, only to fold into patterns that are manageable if the player didn't panic and try to dodge the initial pattern. Bullets will vanish, multiply and divide, slow to a crawl at the oddest times, etc.
    • In the fighting games, her moveset is similarly built around deceptive attacks, like a missile whose explosion appears ahead of the missile itself, two physical attacks that look the exact same on startup, or a movement technique that creates copies of herself.
  • Cultural Posturing/Insufferable Genius: Occasionally shown to look down on Earthlings for being inferior to Lunarians. Notably in Silent Sinner in Blue she bursts into laughter on seeing Remilia's attempt at building a spaceship, only to be corrected by Eirin that it's astonishingly well-designed.
  • Double Meaning: She is a Lunatic Rabbit. This can be taken to mean that she causes insanity, and it also fits her because of the fact that she is from the moon.
  • Explosive Overclocking: Drinking too many potions (more than 3) in Scarlet Weather Rhapsody causes an explosion and a loss of the buffs given by the potions. Despite the loss of the buffs, this is actually a useful attack. The explosion does not harm Reisen herself and deals ludicrous amounts of damage to her opponent.
  • Eye Beams: As an attack in Scarlet Weather Rhapsody, and expanded on in Hisoutensoku with her new Red Eye "Viewing The Circle Moon (Lunatic Blast)" spell card.
  • Finger Gun: Fanworks love showing off her skills without guns by using this instead. This, for example, shows it off.
  • Glowing Eyes of Doom: If she does that, you are fucked.
  • The Gunslinger: In Touhou fanworks, Reisen is the character who is most likely to be seen with a gun of some sort. Though given the nature of her danmaku, she's just as likely to be depicted firing actual bullets without a gun.
  • Invisibility: Sometimes (usually in the fighting games) she makes appearances by revealing herself to have been in the room, invisible, the whole time. It's part of her manipulation of waves; by keeping light waves from contacting her, she becomes invisible.
  • Leitmotif: "Lunatic Eyes ~ Invisible Full Moon."
  • Little Bit Beastly: Moon Rabbit.
  • Lunacy: In both senses of the word.
  • Master of Illusion: She can use her Magical Eye to induce illusions/repositioning objects to her liking, enough to cause lunacy to the target. Ironically, given her powers, she is said to be one of the most stable characters in the series.
  • Mind Rape: The usual result of her powers.
  • Moon Rabbit
  • Moral Myopia: In her article in Bohemian Archive in Japanese Red, she launches a protest against a Hakurei Shrine festival serving rabbit meat. Then launches another protest when the festival no longer has any meat to eat. Then dismisses Aya's uneasiness with the festival serving poultry. To make things worse, it's unclear if the youkai rabbits even care about the issue or if Reisen is just dragging them along.
  • Mundane Utility: In Forbidden Scrollery she uses her knowledge of waves to create and sell an ultrasonic pest repellant.
  • No Sell: Her power over waves makes the stealth abilities of the Three Fairies of Light useless against her.
  • Only Sane Man: Ironic since she's a master of Lunacy.
  • Rapunzel Hair
  • Rewarded as a Traitor Deserves: The Lighter and Softer version, but one interpretation is that everyone treats Reisen as the Butt Monkey as a kind of karma for her deserting the moon's army during wartime.
  • Shell-Shocked Veteran: Her most serious portraits tend to depict her as this.
  • Small Girl, Big Gun/The Gunslinger: Reisen is often depicted in fanon carrying and using a wide variety of guns, from pistols, rifles, and uzis, up to rocket launchers and even a turret-mounted chain gun. Conversely, she is just as often depicted firing bullets from her fingers, with just the index finger pointed and thumb raised, as she does in the fighting games. Because of this, Reisen is the only Touhou character who may actually qualify as a Walking Arsenal.
  • Shout-Out: Reisen has Miku, Rin/Len, Luka, Meiko, Kaito, Gakupo and Gumi as alternate palettes in ''Hisoutensoku". In Imperishable Night, one of her spellcards has the opponent's screen surrounded by a look down the barrel of a gun.
  • Species Surname: See Tewi above.
  • Swiss Army Superpower: Her power over waves has a huge number of uses, albeit most of them boil down to "sense things" or "confuse enemies".
  • Telepathic Spacemen: All Moon Rabbits are telepathic.
  • Telepathy
    • Reisen can communicate psychically with any other moon rabbit. Normally she doesn't in order to hide Eientei from the Moon, but in Cage in Lunatic Runagate, Eirin has her asking other moon rabbits about rumours about spies and an incoming attack from Earth. Which, intentionally on Eirin's part, caused those rumours to start existing.
    • She can also read peoples' brainwaves, giving her a rough idea of their personalities (or at least their pace in life), and can forcibly speed them up or slow them down to screw with their minds.
  • Unsympathetic Comedy Protagonist: Reisen is an odd case. When she's a minor character she's sometimes shown with an inflated sense of self-worth, yet very little of this shows up in Inaba of the Moon & Inaba of the Earth (where she's an actual protagonist).
  • Zettai Ryouiki: In her article in Perfect Memento in Strict Sense. Nowhere else, though.

    Eirin Yagokoro 
(fanart)

Brain Of The Moon
Eirin Yagokoro

"There are also foolish humans who deliberately come all the way to the moon, and in the end, stick a flag on it as if it were their own. That's why Earthlings have always been, are now, and will forever be inferior."

A Lunarian and a genius pharmacist who serves Princess Kaguya. She is the one who created the Hourai Elixir consumed by Kaguya and Mokou, as well as many other miraculous inventions. Eirin was an elite member of the moon's ruling class and part of the Lunar envoy sent to retrieve Kaguya, but instead betrayed and killed the other envoys and fled into hiding with Kaguya at Eientei. During the events of Imperishable Night it was she who stole the moon, by sealing Earth itself in a magic chamber, thus preventing the Lunarians from coming to Earth. Subsequently she has opened a pharmacy catering to both humans and youkai.

Tropes associated with Eirin:

  • Alchemy: She makes immortality potions along with her varying medicines and potions.
  • Archer Archetype: Calm, cunning, often depicted with a bow and arrows,note  and effectively a Space Elf to boot.
  • Beethoven Was an Alien Spy: She is implied in an ingame spell-card description to have been responsible for the failure of the Apollo 13 mission.
  • Beware the Nice Ones: Sure she's polite most of the time, and in her day job she's a physician, but she's also one of the founders of a civilisation with a rather bloody history and isn't afraid to get her hands dirty if she has to.
  • Boobs of Steel: To go along with the other members of the fanon Cast Herd "Old Maids Alliance": Yukari, Yuyuko, Kanako and Byakuren.
  • Dark and Troubled Past: Well, by Lunarian standards. She created the Hourai Elixir, which as a source of 'impurity' is a major taboo. She also murdered the Lunarians sent to retrieve Kaguya.
  • Did You Just Punch Out Cthulhu?: In the first Moon Invasion when Eirin was still a respected sage, Yukari of all people got caught in one of her traps. The gap youkai still bears a grudge for that...
    • Did We Just Have Tea with Cthulhu?: Fortunately however, neither Yukari nor Eirin recognize each other from that incident. To Eirin, Yukari is just a really powerful youkai to watch out for, while Yukari believes Eirin is a Lunarian spy who hasn't been shown the ropes in Gensokyo (she tries to teach her to fear youkai, since she lives as a human). Ironically ties in with an almost-literal take on the trope when Yukari serves Eirin sake.
  • The Dragon: Noted to be both stronger and harder than the final boss Kaguya.
  • Final Boss: Of the A-route.
  • Hypercompetent Sidekick: Eirin usually does most of the work at Eientei while Kaguya does nothing much at all. Though, Eirin usually delegates most physical work to Reisen.
  • Insufferable Genius: Mild example, as while condescension and even outright mocking are not uncommon, she is generally a pleasant person, especially when considering that as possibly the most intelligent person in the solar system she must deal with the equivalent of ignorant children on a constant basis. It's noted she's hostile to people who can't understand what she says, even when dumbed down.
  • I Did What I Had to Do: The plot of Imperishable Night is caused by Eirin trying to protect the Lunarian fugitives from possible arrest by the authority of the Moon. Eirin is afraid that everyone in Gensokyo is secretly trying to sell her and her charges, which is justified when you look at the relationship between Gensokyo and the Lunarians. Help us, Eirin.
  • Leitmotif: "Gensokyo Millennium ~ History of the Moon".
  • Mad Doctor: The worst she's devised are nightmare pillsnote  for people who are bored with their lives (and only after Aya keeps bothering her about medicine that doesn't help people); Inaba of the Moon And Inaba of the Earth (which is a gag series and questionably canon) adds "fish bait" that caused fish to mutate into monsters and bamboo fertilizer that made bamboo grow impossibly fast and strong. In Fanon it's a whole other story.
  • The Medic: Eirin is Gensoukyou's resident doctor.
  • Outside-Context Villain: It's saying something when Yukari can't even get the facts right, mistaking Eirin for a Lunarian spy when she's actually a (former) Lunarian sage. More to the point, the magnitude of Imperishable Night's incident was enough to get Yukari to intervene personally, which is quite a feat.
  • Pet The Rabbits: Becoming a resident doctor for Gensokyo after the events in Imperishable Night. Adopting Medicine Melancholy into the household at the end of Phantasmagoria of Flower View. Allowing Reisen #2 to return unharmed to the Moon. Warning her (former) disciples, the Watatsuki sisters, of possible plot by Yukari.
  • Physical God: Often implied to be the Shinto god of knowledge Omoikane, also known as Ya-gokoro-omoi-kane-no-mikoto, and in the interview with ZUN at the end of Symposium of Post-Mysticism, he implies that she's one of the "higher class of gods" that live on the moon, as opposed to the native gods that live on the Earth.
  • Playing with Syringes: A common fanon trait for more villainous or "edgier" portrayals. Kaguya claims she was like this a long time ago, when she reached the Earth.
  • The Professor: Has absurd intelligence and scientific aptitude even by Lunarian standards. She mastered quantum teleportation in the Stone Age. She may or may not be the inventor of magic. Listening to her physics lectures has been known to give people Enlightenment Superpowers. When they call her the "Brain of the Moon", it's for good reason.
  • Proud Scholar Race Girl: She calls humans too stupid to get her charms in IN during the Border Team scenario. Akyuu says she comes off as a jerk to people to who don't get what she's talking about, or are obviously idiots.
  • Rapunzel Hair: At least reaches past her hips and she usually has it in a large braid. However, in the later chapters of Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth she has been seen wearing it loose.
  • Really 700 Years Old: Likely 2000+ years old, but some vague hints suggest she may be older than humanity itself, if her dialogue with Sakuya suggests anything. At the very least, she was instrumental in the founding of Lunar civilisation some tens of thousands of years ago.
    • To delve into Eirin's age from canon info: Eirin is older than Tsukuyomi (as said by Toyohime in Cage in Lunatic Runagate). Tsukuyomi is a son of Izanagi. The three noble children, Amaterasu, Tsukuyomi and Susanoo, were born when Izanagi returned from his terrible quest to meet the dead Izanami, and cleansed himself. In other words, they were born quite some time after Izanagi and Izanami had created the islands of Japan. According to Izanagi Object ~ Neo-traditionalism of Japan, Izanagi and Izanami created Japan 25 million years ago. So Eirin's age might be on a time scale comparable to that.
  • Say It with Hearts: Any time she says "Punishment time" to Reisen, in Inaba.
  • Shout-Out: One of her spellcards is named after The Game Of Life.
  • Space Elf: Lunarians are extremely long lived people who look down on humans for not having the same utopian lifestyle that they do. IN SPACE!.
  • Subordinate Excuse: Aside from the aforementioned betrayal and self-exile solely to be with Kaguya, she only manufactured the Hourai Elixir in the first place specifically because Kaguya asked her to do so.
  • The Paragon Always Rebels: This is what it looked like from the moon's perspective anyway. She continues to be the most wanted criminal on the moon, thousands of years later, but the people in charge of her capture still sympathize with her.
  • Time Abyss: Likes to brag about her "infinite age" compared to other characters who are merely centuries old.
  • Willfully Weak: ZUN says she's actually far stronger than Kaguya, but she limits her power out of respect for the princess. Possibly, she's one of the strongest Lunarians, whom are already pretty high on the power scale. She was the teacher to the Watatsuki sisters after all.

    Kaguya Houraisan 
(fanart)

The Eternal Moon Princess
Kaguya Houraisan

"My five requests that so many humans in the past have failed to complete... How many of them can you fulfill?"

A Lunarian princess who was exiled to Earth centuries ago for having consumed the Hourai Elixir, which made her immortal. While on earth, her beauty attracted many suitors, including Mokou's father, but all were unable to complete her five impossible requests. When her exile had ended, she refused to return to the moon, and instead convinced Eirin to betray the Lunarians and escape into hiding with her. Her backstory is based largely on the Tale of the Bamboo Cutter, the oldest known example of Japanese literature and quite possibly the original science fiction tale.

Tropes associated with Kaguya:

  • Amulet of Concentrated Awesome: All her regular spell cards are powered by the items from her impossible requests. She only uses her manipulation of eternity after she loses to break the imperishable night during her last spells.
  • Archenemy: Mokou's.
  • Breathe on the Fan: In Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth, chapter 2.
  • Call On Me: Fanon generally has her summoning Eirin as soon as trouble arises, instead of solving things herself. Funnily enough, in canon, she has actually come to Eirin's aid during the "Hourai Elixir" spell in IN.
  • Cavalier Competitor: Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth implies that she treats Mokou's feud with her like a game, whereas for Mokou it's Serious Business.
  • Cloudcuckoolander: Her depiction in Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth.
  • The Collector: She somehow has all of the items she demanded as part of her famous Five Impossible Requests, despite the fact that no one ever found or brought her any of them. Whether or not she had them before making the requests, or collected them afterwards herself or came by them through some other means, is unknown.
    • As Marisa notes in her grimoire, Kaguya is unusual in two regards: First, in that her Spellcards don't follow a unified theme like virtually everyone else's, as each one derives from its item entirely. Second, that each Spellcard's power comes entirely from the item rather than Kaguya. In a way, this makes her the Touhou Project's equivalent to Gilgamesh, from Fate/Stay Night.
    • After Imperishable Night, Kaguya starts expanding her Spellcard repetoire by collecting new items which are rare, unique or "impossible", including a wooden temple-ceiling that seems to be made of a single wooden panel... despite the fact that no tree could possibly be that big.
  • Cycle of Revenge: It is stated that she kills Mokou back as often as Mokou kills her.
  • Desperately Looking for a Purpose in Life: As revealed in Cage in Lunatic Runagate.
  • Everything's Better with Princesses
    • Badass Princess: She's designed to look like the Japanese idea of the Princess Classic, but she's not exactly innocent and she can actually hold her own in a fight (that is, when she isn't making Eirin fight for her).
  • Everything's Better with Rainbows: Her Impossible Request "Dragon Necklace", Impossible Request "Rainbow Danmaku", and "Tree-Ocean of Hourai" spellcards and their variations.
  • Fairy Tale: She's literally a fairy tale Princess.
  • Gamer Chick: Often depicted as one in fanworks to go along with the interpretation that she's a NEET, despite video games not being available in Gensokyo.
  • Hikikomori: Rarely leaves Eientei, except to pick fights with Mokou - and even then, prefers to send assassins at her. This led to Memetic Mutation about her Fan Nickname NEET. But Cage in Lunatic Runagate reveals that Kaguya rather wants to leave the mansion, explore Gensokyo and interact with its people... or at least find something to do.
    • Perfect Memento in Strict Sense implies that Kaguya most likely spent a great many years using her power of Eternity to make Eientei unchanging and undetectable, never leaving the mansion during that time. A very extreme extension of the lifestyle.
    • The fact that Kaguya rarely leaves Eientei actually reflects the time period she was raised in: Japanese noblewomen weren't expected to go outside very often at all.
  • Hime Cut: Being based off of Kaguya-Hime, this is hardly a surprise.
  • Impossible Task: Her stage is called "Five Impossible Requests", and her spell cards are named after the impossible requests from the original fairy tale.
  • Immortality: Hourai immortals do not age and they regenerate from anything. They are eternal, period. One can beat one by tiring them out and simply making them not want to fight you anymore, but it is literally impossible to kill one. And the process of becoming a Hourai immortal is irreversible; the very concept of death has been removed from her being, and not even a nigh-omnipotent character like Yukari could do anything about it.
  • Leitmotif: "Flight of the Bamboo Cutter ~ Lunatic Princess".
  • Nice Hat: Averted outright. One of the handful of Touhou characters to have no headgear of any kind.
  • The Nicknamer: As stated in Tewi's entry, Kaguya refers to all rabbits as "Inaba", resulting in that part of the name for both Reisen and Tewi.
  • Ojou: A Lunarian princess in self-imposed exile who currently lives in a mansion hidden deep within a bamboo forest. Also living with her is Eirin and a horde of rabbits, which includes Reisen and Tewi.
  • Perfect Run Final Boss: She's the boss of the B-route, which can only be accessed after completing the A-route. If you lose all your lives in Final B, you can't use a continue and are punted directly to a bad end. If you used a continue by the time you beat stage 5, it punts you into Final A and the boss fight with Eirin instead.
  • Princesses Prefer Pink
  • Public Domain Character: Her backstory is based of a Japanese folktale, but with a twist.
  • Rapunzel Hair: It reaches her ankles.
  • Rebellious Princess: Kaguya was originally exiled to Earth for the crime of becoming immortal. Years later, she was forgiven for her crimes and Lunar emissaries were sent to bring her back to the Moon. However, she decided she would rather stay on Earth and proceeded to elude the emissaries while enlisting the aide of Eirin in the process. This would eventually lead to the events of Imperishable Night.
  • Shout-Out: In Shoot the Bullet, One of Kaguya's spell cards directly refers to The Red Stone of Asia, a McGuffin from JoJo's Bizarre Adventure.
  • Space Elf
  • Super Strength: Possibly. In the Grimoire of Marisa, Marisa talks about how Kaguya can lift a solid wooden panel, large and wide enough to be a temple's ceiling, using only her hands. Whether this is simple physical strength or a magic trick, or super-strength AS a magic trick, is unknown.
  • Time Master: Her power is the manipulation of the Eternal and the Instantaneous. Her control over Eternity allows her to lock something in time, making it impossible for the thing to be detected, changed, or harmed. This power was what went into the Hourai Elixir. Her control over the instantaneous allows her to perform actions in intervals of time too small to be detected. It's suggested that she can mess with quantum events and manipulate alternate timelines with this power.
    • Interestingly enough, when she discovers that the player's team has been causing the eternal night, she very quickly rips the spell apart using her power of Eternity. Which means that, in some respects, she's a stronger Time Master than Sakuya.
  • The Unreveal: In the last chapter of Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth, we never find out what happened during the second Lunar Exposition because Reisen was drunk the whole time.
  • Weapon of Choice: She's often depicted with the Jewelled Branch of Hourai, one of her five impossible requests, and the last of her spell cards based on them.
  • Who Wants to Live Forever?: While Mokou's a more popular target, Darker and Edgier portrayals commonly depict her as having been driven insane by the pain/boredom of living forever, or angsting about it. The former is more popular than the latter, as a result of doujin artists taking "lunatic princess" too seriously.
  • World's Most Beautiful Woman: What Princess Kaguya was in "The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter".

    Fujiwara no Mokou 
(fanart)

Hourai Incarnate
Fujiwara no Mokou

"My time is unlimited. That's why I must treasure this limited time."

The Extra stage boss of Imperishable Night, Mokou was the daughter of a nobleman (presumed to be Fujiwara no Fuhito, the founder of the powerful Fujiwara clan) who was scorned by Kaguya centuries ago. She swore revenge against Kaguya, and ended up stealing the Hourai Elixir and consuming it, becoming immortal. Centuries later, after having completely forgotten about Kaguya over the years, they happened to meet again in Gensokyo and Mokou rekindled her grudge, if only to have a purpose in her infinite lifespan.

Tropes associated with Mokou:

  • Animal Motif: Associated with The Phoenix, due to her immortality and fire powers.
  • Archenemy: Kaguya's. Although despite killing her on a regular basis Kaguya seems to regard her as more of a Sitcom Archnemesis than anything.
  • Badass Boast: "Ghosts without a soul cannot be born... People who can't die cannot know the world of the dead. Eternally born into darkness is life. Eternal death at the end of the dark. I know not death and surpass this darkness. See this beautiful danmaku from the dark tales!"
  • Battle Aura: Adapts an aura shaped like a phoenix for her spell cards. Many fanworks portray them as wings of fire instead.
  • Bifauxnen: Somewhat more masculine-looking than most other characters, and one of the very few ones who wear trousers rather than a skirt or dress, so fanon often gives her a gruff and boyish personality to match her appearance. However, her Rapunzel Hair mostly excludes her from this trope.
  • Bonus Boss
  • Bored With Insanity: Went crazy for about two centuries by her reckoning, or so she tells Keine in Cage in Lunatic Runagate. She basically spent her time burning anything and anyone she came across. After that she spent a couple of hundred years in an apathetic depression doing absolutely nothing.
  • Blue Blood/The Clan: From the powerful Fujiwara family
  • Charles Atlas Superpower: See Stronger with Age below.
  • Cycle of Revenge: She and Kaguya are constantly killing each other... with absolutely no success, since both are immortal anyway. Mokou seems to get some kind of catharsis from this. Evidence includes her character profile referring to their eternal stalemate as "magnificent", and in a chapter of Cage In Lunatic Runagate Mokou makes reference to "the joys of killing each other over and over."
  • Dark and Troubled Past: Kaguya embarrassed her father (and by extension, her whole family) because the latter presented her with fake items of her impossible requests. Mokou has detested Kaguya ever since.
  • Demonic Possession: Her survival card, Possessed By Phoenix. Mokou's not-quite-yet resurrected spirit possesses the player's team, causing them to manifest her usual phoenix-wing aura, which begins to produce bullet-shooting familiars to attack the player.
  • The Determinator: And how! You have to kill her multiple times in order for her to finally stop due to the pain from being killed over and over being too much for her to focus. And that's just the in game example.
  • Disproportionate Retribution: Hates Kaguya enough to steal the Hourai Elixir she gave to the Emperor of Japan and attempt to kill her repeatedly... because Kaguya humiliated her father when he failed to complete her impossible requests for her hand in marriage. This is actually her excuse though. She actually was able to acquire the Elixir almost by chance in an attempt to annoy Kaguya and drank it in a moment of weakness. Eventually, immortal life proved too much of a yoke; when she migrated to Gensokyo, she was overjoyed to learn her enemy was around.
  • Elemental Kick: In fanon.
  • Extremity Extremist: Fanon tend to portray her this way with her only using her legs in melee combat.
  • Forgets to Eat: Only one of the many ways in which Mokou neglects her immortal body. She'll never actually die of hunger no matter how long she goes without eating, and she actually thinks that it's more her style to endure some hunger pains rather than look for food. However, when it gets to be too much pain, she will go ahead and make something to eat.
  • Fireballs
  • Glass Cannon: A funny case - an attentive player can see her dying after each emptied lifebar... and respawn right off the bat. She seems to have some trouble coming back for her last card.
  • Hands in Pockets: Of all the hands that ZUN hides, hers are the only ones that are actually kept in pockets. This has since become a rather common character tic of hers in fanworks.
  • Hime Cut: In an unusual color and with added decoration, but the distinctive side locks give it away. Mokou was a nobleman's daughter in about the right time period for it.
  • Hot Wings: Her aura manifests in the shape of phoenix wings. Fandom sometimes gives her actual wings.
  • Immortality: She'll keep resurrecting indefinitely, though that doesn't mean that getting killed doesn't hurt. Akyuu mentions that Mokou can regenerate if even a single hair of her is all that's left. This applies for Kaguya too, but Mokou uses it more.
  • Immortal Life Is Cheap: Mokou and Kaguya are constantly literally killing each other so this comes naturally.
  • Ineffectual Loner
  • Inter Generational Friendship / Morality Pet: Fanworks often have her bond with one or more of the students at Keine's school, which helps crack her shell of cynicism. Cirno and Flandre are also common targets, the former for the fire/ice contrast and the latter because Flandre doesn't have to worry about losing control of her powers when she's around an immortal.
  • It's Personal: Mokou's original grudge against and rivalry with Kaguya is because she embarrassed her father when he couldn't complete her "Impossible Requests", tried to cheat by presenting Kaguya with a fake, and Kaguya called him on it in front of everyone present.
  • Jerkass Façade: She'll help anyone who gets lost in the Bamboo Thicket or wants to cross it, but won't exchange a word with them, and in general she doesn't socialize. A rough demeanor and short temper add to it too.
  • Kaizo Trap: Fire Bird -Legend of Immortality- in Impossible Spell Card. If killed, Mokou launches a hard-to-dodge attack during her death animation then respawns at full health. But killing her resets the rapidly-increasing bullet density of the main spellcard, so...
  • Leitmotif: "Reach for the Moon, Immortal Smoke".
  • My God, What Have I Done?: According to Cage in Lunatic Runagate, before Mokou became immortal she met a man named Iwakasa, a subordinate of the Emperor who was ordered to dispose of the Hourai Elixir and throw it into a volcano. She later kills him and steals the elixir in a moment of weakness, tempted by immortality. Mokou immediately feels guilt for what she had done and two of her spellcards (Curse of Tsuki-no-Iwakasa and Honest Man's Death) are named after him.
  • Only Friend: Keine.
  • Playing With Phoenix Fire: It's only reasonable for someone with fire magic and immortality to invoke the image of a phoenix, so she shoots firebird danmaku and surrounds herself with an aura shaped like bird wings... which adds more symbolism about her immortality.
  • Power Gives You Wings
  • Rapunzel Hair: It grows all the way down to the soles of her feet.
  • Revenge Before Reason: Kind of inherent in a cycle of revenge murders between immortals.
  • Shaping Your Attacks: Some of her spell cards shoot blasts of fire shaped like birds.
  • Smoking Is Cool: Often seen smoking in fanart. It's not like she has to worry about the health effects. All started with side-story where she mentions cigarettes as the cause of a forest fire, which was in fact almost certainly started by her and Kaguya during one of their battles. Somehow fans assumed this means Mokou smokes.
  • Spell My Name with an S: K-S Romanization - Huziwara no Mokou.
  • Sphere of Destruction: In Impossible Spell Card, her Regretful Life "Immortality's Reckless Sacrifice" has her create these by ramming into the sides of the screen.
  • Stronger with Age: According to Perfect Memento in Strict Sense, all the Hourai Elixir did was make her immortal. All of her firepower has come from more than a millennium and a half of practice. If you consider her to still be human, she is the only human EX-Boss in the entire series except Marisa in Fairy Wars.
  • The Rival: To Kaguya.
  • This Is Unforgivable: She likes saying this to Kaguya in Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth, but never actually delivers on it, making her look like a tsundere rather than a mortal enemy.
  • Training from Hell: In Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth she is shown to have developed a high tolerance for pain by intentionally taking danmaku point-blank to the face.
  • Tsundere:
    • Despite her grudge against Kaguya, she also feels that they mitigate each other's immortal loneliness as no one else can, even with Kaguya being firmly on the Living Forever Is Awesome side of things. Cage in Lunatic Runagate has her explaining to Keine how terrified she was when she heard about the Moon rocket in Silent Sinner in Blue. She thought Kaguya was taking it to the Moon and was going to leave forever.
    • There's also the Jerkass Façade and pretty much anything she does in the semi-canonical Inaba of the Moon and Inaba of the Earth. Naturally, fans exaggerate it for shipping purposes.
  • Who Wants to Live Forever?: Finding Kaguya and getting into that cycle of mutual murders was a step up for Mokou after she spent most of her immortal life alone, alienated a from society that was suspicious and frightened of her agelessness. Notable for being the only immortal character in the entire series to not think Living Forever Is Awesome, although she seems to have come to terms with her situation, finally.

Debuted in Phantasmagoria of Flower View

    Aya Shameimaru 

Traditional Fantasy Reporter
Aya Shameimaru

"Now then, time for a news story!"

One of the crow tengu who live up on Youkai Mountain, Aya runs the newspaper known as the Bunbunmaru. Because she gets carried away and exaggerates things when writing articles, people don't really like to be featured in her paper. While she is strong, to the point that sometimes she accidentally wins fights when she was really just trying to take pictures for her newspaper, she prefers to work on her paper far more than fighting.

Tropes associated with Aya:

    Medicine Melancholy 
(fanart)

Little Sweet Poison
Medicine Melancholy

"You must be happy. You can die surrounded by poison."

A doll that has come to life as a youkai, she works hard for the emancipation of all dolls. Unfortunately, most dolls are unable to live as she can. She has the power to control various kinds of poison.

Tropes associated with Medicine:

    Komachi Onozuka 

Guide of the Sanzu River
Komachi Onozuka

"I won't show mercy if you're going to interrupt my laid-back work."

A shinigami whose job it is to ferry the souls of the dead across the Sanzu River to await judgment. However, she's an incorrigible slacker, which ends up leading to the events of Phantasmagoria of Flower Viewnote  when the amount of dead souls overwhelms her and begin accumulating in the world of the living.

Tropes associated with Komachi:

  • Berserk Button: She's easily one of the most laid-back and friendly characters in the series. But in her Scarlet Weather Rhapsody scenario, when Tenshi killed ghosts to alter the weather and defeated her fellow shinigami to feign immortality, Komachi put aside her role as a ferryman and gave the Celestial a good old-fashioned attitude adjustment.
    Komachi: Not underestimating a shinigami would be in your best interest. Death comes even for the Celestials, you know?
    • According to PMiSS, not paying her right away will cause her to dump you into the Sanzu. In other words, she'll let you get horribly maimed by various sea life and deny you your afterlife for not paying immediately. Some fans interpret this as just a threat and not something she'll actually do, though.
  • Boobs of Steel: Canonically depicted as having large breasts, although fandom has a habit of exaggerating it. And she is pretty strong in general and in the fighters, her melee strikes are damaging.
  • Brilliant, but Lazy: One Fanon interpretation is that the Yamas put up with her constant slacking and irreverent attitude because when she bothers to do her job, she's hypercompetent to the point that any amount of trouble with her work ethic is worth keeping her around. Scarlet Weather Rhapsody pretty much confirmed this.
    • Bunny-Ears Lawyer: She's a greedy slacker with a possible drinking problem who loves having one-sided conversations with the souls she's ferrying. She's also the best damn shinigami there is.
  • Catch Phrase: "Kyan!" Mostly whenever Eiki whacks her on the head.
  • Crouching Moron, Hidden Badass: A slacker that barely manages to do her job... right up until someone decided to play around a little too far or messes with the cycle of reincarnation.
  • Cynical Mentor: Acts this way to Kasen in Wild and Horned Hermit.
  • Don't Fear The Reaper: Since taking people's souls isn't actually her job anyway.
  • The Dragon: She works under Eiki, but her boss wasn't initiating the problem in Phantasmagoria of Flower View. She does contribute somewhat, because she's such a slacker.
  • The Ferry Man: She has the role of Charon from Greek mythology — a ferryman whose duty is to guide souls to Higan, where they're judged.
  • Girlish Pigtails: The "two side up" variant.
  • Hair Decorations: Red bobbles that hold her Girlish Pigtails in place.
  • Japanese Pronouns: Like Cirno, Komachi uses "Atai." However, unlike with Cirno, this generally goes unmentioned by the fandom.
  • Leitmotif: "Higan Retour ~ Riverside View".
  • Mighty Glacier: In the fighting games. Her scythe is slow but powerful, and has a large hitbox. Likewise her projectiles move very slowly but are hard to destroy, making them useful for blocking attacks or herding enemies towards her scythe.
  • Money to Throw Away: Literally, as she uses coin danmaku. Maybe that's why the Celestial Bureaucracy is always broke.
  • Shinigami: Although in Wild and Horned Hermit it's revealed that shinigami don't actually do the job of harvesting souls like you'd expect them to.
  • Shout-Out: Komachi's victory line against Patchouli mentions a book that kills the person whose name was written in it. It is also explicitly mentioned she can see lifespans.
  • Sinister Scythe: Of course. It's worth noting, though, that shinigami carry scythes not for use as weapons (though she uses it as such in the fighting games,) but to make it easier for recently deceased souls to understand that they are dead.
  • The Slacker
  • Soul Power: Some of her attacks involve controlling floating souls, and presumably this is related to her job of ferrying souls.
  • Space Master: Her power is "manipulation of distance", which she uses during her job to change the width of the Sanzu river according to the deceased's life, as well as in the fighting games, to trap the opponents on one spot so she can scythe and coin them to death.
  • Spell My Name with an S: K-S Romanization of her last name — "Onoduka".
  • Tranquil Fury: When confronting Tenshi after having her aforementioned Berserk Button pushed, appearing to be as calm and carefree as always despite her anger.

    Eiki Shiki 
(fanart)

Highest Judge of The Court Of Paradise
Eiki Shiki, Yamaxanadu

"It looks like I still need to lecture you much more."

Komachi's boss and Gensoukyou's resident judge of the dead. Unlike Komachi, she takes her work seriously, and is oftentimes lecturing her subordinate, as well as everyone else. She possesses the power to see everything in black and white, which leads her to be a bit moralistic, although she always means well. For reference, her given name is Eiki and her family name is Shiki, with the latter coming first in Japanese naming order, and Yamaxanadu is a job title.

Tropes associated with Eiki:

  • Catch Phrase:
    • "Yes, you have [sinned] a little too much."
    • "This is the good deed you can do right now." Following the advice she doles out in almost all of her victory quotes.
  • Character Filibuster: Due to her job, she gets to preach upon the characters fault, and due to those characters' Chaotic Neutral tendency, they have tons of faults. One might suspect that she is basically ZUN's in-story speaker.
  • Celestial Bureaucracy: She's a judge in the "Ministry of Right and Wrong" which runs Heaven and Hell, assigned to a jurisdiction that includes Gensokyo.
  • Clap Your Hands If You Believe: Komachi states in Oriental Sacred Place she started out as a Ksitigarbha, a statue of a Buddha who pledged to remain in Hell saving sinners as long as they existed, and the gathering of belief (one of the greatest sources of power in Gensokyo) turned her into a true deity.
  • Compassionate Critic: While she certainly seems to want people to be good, her preferred method of encouraging this is to point out all their flaws in great detail. This is apparently a trait of all Yama.
  • Depending on the Artist: She's prone to either being drawn childishly (often with A-Cup Angst) or as a rather tall/leggy adult with normal figure.
  • Fashionable Asymmetry: Her hair is longer on one side than the other. She also has different ribbons on either side.
  • Final Boss
  • The Judge: Of the Netherworld, no less. It's on her authority that Yuyuko is queen of Hakugyokurou.
  • Leitmotif: "Eastern Judgement in the Sixtieth Year ~ Fate of Sixty Years."
  • Little Miss Badass and/or Badass Adorable: Yukari, who is often seen as nigh-godlike due to her reality warping powers, said she would not stand a chance against Eiki even with both Yuyuko and Reimu backing her up, if Eiki was serious. Bearing in mind Yukari fighting probably means Ran and Chen too, you can realise just how powerful Eiki is.
    • Admittedly, she may have been referring to her lectures... the Japanese context even seems to imply this, as it can be interpreted as "pointless to argue with".
  • Nice Hat: remarkably ornate even for a series where almost everyone has nice headgear.
  • Older Than She Looks: It is extremely common to see fan art of her as a very short girl, especially compared to Komachi. Somewhat confirmed by Perfect Memento in Strict Sense, with her portrait depicting her as short and almost prepubescent. On the other hand, art of her ingame suggests she's almost as tall as Komachi. Naturally, fan artists ran away with this.
  • Physical God: You'd think it wouldn't matter given the sheer volume of this trope in Gensokyo, but see Little Miss Badass above.
  • Psychopomp
  • She's Got Legs: Any fan interpretation that does not depict her as a kid depicts her this way.
  • Spell My Name with an S/No Pronunciation Guide: K-S Romanization of her name - "Sikieiki". Which is also misleading in that it's really supposed to be two separate names: her surname is Shiki and her given name is Eiki. While the Si/Shi confusion has been cleared up, the combining of her two names into "Shikieiki" is something that's stubbornly wormed its way into the English speaking fandom and still hasn't completely gone away.
  • Super Strength: The Rod of Remorse that Eiki holds takes on the weight of a person's sins. But no matter who she faces, the rod is never so heavy that Eiki cannot hold it up. She is the Highest Judge of Paradise, after all.
    • Alternatively, it may be that it's only heavy to the sinner. So to Eiki, who by job description would be nearly sinless, the rod would be feather-light.
  • Talking the Monster to Death: Judging by how everyone seems to try to avoid her lectures, it must feel like this trope for failing to avoid her.
  • What the Hell, Hero?: She calls everyone out, mainly out of concern that everyone's going to go to Hell or worse if they don't change their ways right now.
  • Willfully Weak: Being as bound to the rules of the Celestial Bureaucracy as she is, Eiki would never use the full power of her position on the living.
  • Zettai Ryouiki: Fanart portrays her as such, when she actually wears very short and frilly socks, leaving much bare skin. Thank you, English Touhou Wiki, for the information.


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