A career soldier, Irving Morrell begins the Great War as an infantry captain, before becoming the USA's expert on barrels. He plays a major role in the Second Great War, masterminding the offensive that breaks the CSA's back.
Big Good: Holds this role in the WWII analogue, despite being subordinate to the actual president.
The Captain: Like his real-life counterpart, served as a captain of infantry in World War One (in his first appearance), and later became a mountain soldier before literally writing the book on armored warfare.
The Dreaded: One of the few characters to terrify Generals Patton and Nathan Bedford Forrest III. It gets to the point where Jake sends a sniper out with specific orders to kill Morrell, and Forrest has Clarence Potter predicting US attacks depending on where Morell gets transferred.
Hero Killer: Inverted. Morrell's a heroic character who is absolutely dreaded by the villains, and lives up to his reputation, being chiefly responsible for the CSA's defeat in WWII.
The Mentor: To Michael Pound during the First Great War.
Politically Incorrect Hero: For all the good he does, he's also comfortable with sweeping a street full of Confederate protesters with a machine gun. Somewhat justified, considering this was in the US-created state of Houston (west Texas), where anti-American sentiment was by far the highest, and mobs like the one he ordered destroyed routinely used Featherston Fizzes note Molotov cocktails against barrelsnote tanks. He's also one of the least racist characters in the setting, and ultimately helps to drive notions of racial equality through the skulls of the conquered Confederate States.
The Smart Guy: Pioneers tank tactics, infantry helmets, and racial equality.
The Strategist: Morrell is the one who first worked out how to use barrels to their full potential, and spends most of The Great War, American Empire, and Settling Accounts trying to drill that proper use into the heads of the rest of the US General Staff.
Beginning the Great War as General Custer's adjutant, Dowling rises slowly through the ranks, reaching Major-General during the Second Great War. A prudent, rational, and fundamentally practical man, Dowling tries to be the voice of sanity in a world that frequently seems to have misplaced its own.
Badass Grandpa: He might have been caught by surprise at the start of the Second Great War, but Dowling gives good service throughout the rest of it, overrunning Texas, and eventually parading through Richmond at the head of a victorious army.
Honest Advisor: The only one who can talk sense into Custer and to whom Custer will actually listen. He plays the roll to others as well, including MacArthur, and various figures on the General Staff.
Nice Guy: In addition to being an eminently reasonable man, Dowling is one of the series best examples of a moral, decent human being, liberating the Texan camps not for military reasons, but humanitarian ones.
Took a Level in Badass: Takes several, subtly. When the series begins, he's basically a babysitter for the past-his-prime-but-too-illustrious-to-drum-out Custer. By the end of the series, he's easily one of the United States' most dangerous and accomplished soldiers (despite always being posted to sideshows and given limited resources).
Worthy Opponent: Viewed as such by Patton who expresses genuine concern when he discovers Dowling is commanding MacArthur's flank.
A sailor with the US Navy, Sam serves out both wars, steadily working his way up through the ranks from petty officer to commander of a destroyer.
The Captain: Technically he never passes the rank of Lieutenant-Commander, and he spends most of the Second Great War as a Lieutenant Junior Grade, but he's certainly the captain aboard his ship, and is addressed as such.
Father Neptune: By the time the Second Great War rolls around, Sam has seen it all and done it all.
Reasonable Authority Figure: As commanding officer of the Josephus Daniels. He's tough but fair, easily approachable, and liked by most of his officers and the men.
The Smart Guy: The reason he keeps getting promoted. Sam is uneducated, but is usually the smartest guy in any room he's in, which leads to his being noticed by the upper brass.
Sympathetic P.O.V.: Lasts throughout the entire series, from "American Front" to "In At The Death".
Up Through the Ranks: Sam starts out as just an ordinary seaman, and ends In At The Death a Lieutenant-Commander with his own ship.
Flora Hamburger Blackford
A Socialist activist from New York City's garment district, Flora's life is changed when she decides to run for Congress. As a U.S. Representative, she becomes known as "the conscience of the Congress," and rubs elbows with a number of prominent political figures, including more than one Historical-Domain Character. She serves as First Lady of the United States for one term.
Chummy Commies: Flora is both a Socialist and one of the most moral, likeable characters in the timeline.
Nice Girl: Along with Abner Dowling, Flora is one of the few people in the USA to show genuine horror at what the CSA is doing to its black population (prior to the capture of the camps), and she spends much of Settling Accounts trying to bring it to the public's attention.
Odd Friendship: With reactionary Democrat Robert Taft, whom she serves with on the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War. They disagree on everything but defeating the CSA—and how godawful the camps are—yet maintain a strong mutual respect and working relationship despite that.
Wide-Eyed Idealist: Begins as this. She never completely loses her idealism, though it's tempered by her increasing real-world (and realpolitik) experience.
A private of Greek descent, Paul has to put up with a lot of abuse due to his Orthodox religion and darker skin tone.
Camp Cook: Though not officially assigned as a cook, Paul was one in civilian life. He becomes popular with his unit when he shows off his ability to doctor the normally despised efforts of the actual cook with traditional Greek spices. He usually keeps a stash of spices with his kit.
Field Promotion: From private all the way on up to captain over the course of three books.
Fire-Forged Friends: He and Paul Mantarkis don't ever become "friends" per se, but they certainly develop a lot of respect for one another, despite their personal and religious differences, and McSweeney seems genuinely saddened by Paul's death.
The Fundamentalist: A fundamentalist Lutheran who believes that all but a few elect shall burn in hell.
Pet the Dog: His Mercy Kill of Ben Carlton, and the conversation leading up to it. Also his genuine remorse when Paul Mantarkis dies, and his willingness to try and share his sense of joy at Christmas.
Pyromaniac: Selects a flamethrower as his Weapon of Choice because he enjoys burning those whom he feels deserve God's punishment.
Religious Bruiser: McSweeney is a big, heavily muscled man who looks like he's been carved our of stone, and fights like an entire battalion. He's also obsessively religious.
Sergeant Rock: For a while, before his promotions to lieutenant and eventually captain.
Sociopathic Soldier: Type I & II mix. He enjoys killing Confederates, and is totally convinced that they have it coming.
Sympathetic P.O.V.: Following the death of Paul Mantarkis in Walk in Hell and lasting through Breakthroughs.
A US construction worker and non-commissioned officer who serves during both wars, while acting as a union organiser in between.
Call to Adventure: Is eventually unable to stomach what's happening to his country (the main thrust of the initial Confederate attack goes through his home state of Ohio) in the Second Great War and rejoins the army despite the strenuous protests of his wife .
Chummy Commies: After the Great War, he acts as the Socialist proletariat POV character in the United States, working as a union organiser. He's portrayed entirely sympathetically, and treated as a man who is just trying to get the best possible deal for his fellow workers.
The Everyman: Far more so than most of the other protagonists, though as the series progresses he does pick up a lot more personality.
Unfriendly Fire: Gives some serious thought to getting rid of Lavochkin, before deciding it is too dangerous to attempt.
Working Class Hero: As a steelworker, construction worker, and union activist during the interwar period.
Worthy Opponent: How Henry T. Casson, the construction magnate who employs his union views him. For his part, Chester also has a fair amount of respect for Casson, who once he decides he needs to offer the workers a fair deal, comes to an agreement with him in about a half an hour.
The head of the Kentucky State Police during the Union occupation, Bliss is a mean-spirited SOB who doesn't bother trying to hide his dislike of blacks, Confederate sympathisers, and human beings in general. He frequently comes into conflict with Cincinnatus Driver and Lucullus Wood, and later acts as a Union spy during the Second Great War.
The Dreaded: Knowing that Bliss is back in Kentucky practically gives Clarence Potter and Nathan Bedford Forrest III a heart attack. This is not an atypical reaction. Even more justified in Potter's case, since they are essentially mirror images of one another, and probably the two most dangerous single individuals on the continent during World War II.
Enemy Mine: With Cincinnatus Driver and Lucullus Wood during the Second Great War, using them both against the CSA.
Politically Incorrect Hero: Classifying Bliss as hero or villain is hard, given that he's a Token Evil Teammate to the USA. Either way, he's unashamadly racist, runs US occupied Kentucky through police brutality, and hates just about everybody on the face of the earth.
Secret Police: Under Bliss the Kentucky State Police becomes a secret police force, detaining anybody they want to without any real legality, and frequently abusing prisoners in order to extract information.
Ensign Newbie: Subverted. Lavochkin is new to Chester's platoon, but is not new to commanding troops, having had a command before getting injured.
Even Evil Has Standards: Seems genuinely disgusted by the CSA's Final Solution, and uses it to justify killing as many Confederates as possible, as they all knew it was happening and did nothing to stop it.
Knife Nut: Carries a WWI style trench knife in addition to his other weapons.
Moral Sociopathy: Very much so. Lavochkin feels no remorse over the individuals he has killed and will kill anyone who annoys him, yet can still look at an act like the "population reduction" and regard it as not only morally wrong, but deserving of punishment.
Shell-Shocked Veteran: Possibly. We don't know where Lavochkin was before he was assigned to Chester Martin's platoon, but it is heavily implied to have been somewhere unpleasant, and that action there made him the man he is today.
A fisherman with the Boston fishing fleet who enlists in the Navy during the First Great War after being temporarily interned by the Confederates while out fishing, both to get payback and to avoid being caught up in the draft.
Absence Makes the Heart Go Yonder: Played With; George survived when his gunboat was destroyed by the Confederates only because he had gone ashore to visit a whorehouse. However, this visit was a one-time event for him. He never actually goes through with the deed (being distracted by the attack on his ship) and his loyalties are firmly with his wife (to whom he eventually confesses).
Wife (later widow) of George Enos, she's a factory worker during the Great War and after, and raises their two children. She avenges her husband's death by shooting Roger Kimball, captain of the sub that sank George's ship after the Great War was over, becomes a minor celebrity, and "writes" a popular memoir describing her actions, with "Ernie" (this universe's Ernest Hemingway) as her co-author. She becomes involved with "Ernie," despite being aware that he's given to violent mood swings. He accidentally shoots and kills her during a particularly bad one.
A coffeehouse owner in Washington, D.C. When Washington is occupied by the Confederacy during the Great War, she becomes a spy, passing on what she learns from hearing the casual conversations of her Confederate-soldier customers. As a young woman, she was a prostitute, a fact of which she is deeply ashamed.
Determined Widow: Her first husband was the one who ultimately set her free from her previous occupation, taking responsibility for her daughter and setting up the family business. Sadly, he did not live long after Enda's birth.
Does Not Like Men: Hardcore. The fact that she agrees to marry Hal Jacobs after the Great War is, above all else, a testament to how consummate a gentleman he is.
Old Shame: Bill Reach, her handler, threatens to spill the beans on her previous life in order to keep her in line (and possibly restart their relationship—which she wants no part of).
Never Mess with Granny: Finally gets sick of Bill Reach and takes the opportunity to stab him to death during an artillery barrage. Earlier she was decorated by Washington for heroism with regard to her espionage activities. Intimidates the hell out of her future son-in-law, who manages to grudgingly earn her trust.
Parents as People: She loves her daughter Edna, but is an absolutely suffocating parent, out of fear that her daughter will make the same youthful mistakes that she did.
Fighter pilot in the First Great War who finishes law school after the war is over, going on to a successful practice in 'occupation law' in US-occupied Canada (i.e., he loses less often than others in the same field, which is universally regarded as a rigged game). Returns to action in the Second Great War after a family tragedy, then switches hats back to law after the war and participates in war crimes tribunals.
Ace Pilot: The only aviator POV character, and a pretty good one too.
The Alleged Car: His prized luxury touring car becomes one over the course of the Business Crisis, due to the manufacturer going out of business and the expense and scarcity of replacement parts.
Amoral Attorney: Averted. Sets up shop as an occupation lawyer in Canada after World War One ends, and fights hard for his Canadian clients (in the face of a heavily biased judiciary; even wins occasionally), and charges them fair rates and accepts payment in kind. This is in sharp contrast to most of his colleagues, who either accept that they have no real chance of winning and don't try, or actively gouge their Canadian clients for substandard service. Moss goes on to defend Jefferson Pinkard, and recognizes him for the monster he is, but still works hard to present the best possible defense (which is to say, not much), mostly out of regard for the law rather than for his client. And, given the reputation he built in Canada, he can actually do this without others assuming he is an Amoral Attorney.
Badass Grandpa: In his fifties during the Second Great War, old for a regular soldier (much less a fighter pilot) but able to keep up with men half his age not only in the air but on the ground.
Good Lawyers, Good Clients: Although his practice consists of arguing civil and probate claims made against the US occupation government (and thus doesn't involve innocence or guilt) Jonathan firmly believes in the validity of his clients' claims.
The youngest division commander in American history, Daniel MacArthur serves under Custer during the Great War, and is a corps and army group commander during the Second Great War. Audacious and daring, he is also impetuous and narcissistic, which hinders his career and his plans.
A Union General Staff officer, Abell begins the series as a captain and ends it as a major-general, in a rise that mirrors that of Irving Morrell and Abner Dowling. Cold, nearly emotionless, and a bureaucrat to the core, Abell is involved in almost all US actions, for good or ill.
Armchair Military: Abell has never seen actual combat, having served on the General Staff for his entire career.
Badass Bureaucrat: Abell has the personality of an Obstructive Bureaucrat down pat, but more often then not, is helpful to Dowling and Morrell, helping push through a number of plans that ultimately turn out to be war winners.
Foil: Abell's slow yet sure rise through the ranks of the General Staff paralells that of Irving Morrell and Abner Dowling, while his icy personality and lack of committment to anything beyond winning the war contrasts both of their more humanitarian attitudes.
Obstructive Bureaucrat: Toyed with. Abell worships red tape and procedure, yet is also willing to bend the rules for capable officers like Dowling and Morrell.
Pet the Dog: Tries to break the news of Dowling's retirement to him as nicely as possible, and suggests to him that he write his memoirs.
The Stoic: Abell demonstrates very little emotion; whenever he does, Morrell or Dowling will usually be surprised by it.
The Strategist: As a General Staff officer, Abell is one of the men planning both wars.
We Have Reserves: Played with. Abell has very little sympathy for the troops he is sending out to die, but unlike Custer or MacArthur is not deliberately wasteful either.
A Socialist Congressman turned Vice-President under Al Smith, Charlie LaFollette becomes President of the United States following the bomb blast that kills Al Smith. A capable war leader, LaFollette holds the country together throughout WWII, before being voted out after its conclusion.
Big Good: Shares the role with Irving Morrell following Return Engagement.
A bad-tempered artillery sergeant with the Army of Northern Virginia when we first meet him, Jake serves with relative distinction in the Great War, but is never promoted due to issues with his superior officers. This leads him to join the Freedom Party during the interwar years, eventually becoming President of the Confederacy. Based on Adolf Hitler, though without world-conquering ambitions, and somewhat more sane, if only just.
Beige Prose: His signature on the radio. Extremely blunt and direct in all his verbal dealings. Curiously subverted in the case of his book, Over Open Sights, which is quite long, and without much actual content. But instead of long, florid descriptions of the evils of the United States and black people, it's pretty much just the same basic thoughts over and over again, expressed in slightly different terms. Many characters describe it as a boring, unreadable, repetitive mess for the most part (thanks to Jake's Protection from Editors, since he's absolute dictator of the CSA by the time it's published), with some exciting bits.
Big Bad: From The Victorious Opposition onwards. In a way, the entire story is about him after this point.
Determinator: Ludicrous quantities. Never, ever gives up, no matter what. Never forgets a grudge, a wrong, or even the smallest slight. Always settles accounts, or dies trying. Even when almost all of the CSA has been conquered, its armies destroyed, US armies completely unstoppable, capturing major cities without a fight, dropping nukes like candy, he still plans to continue the war from Texas and Louisiana.
I Will Fight Some More Forever: His plan after the US forces completely overrun Georgia; Featherston was going to continue to lead the fight from Texas and Louisiana. Unlike his Real Life counterpart Hitler, who shot himself, Featherston is shot by Cassius Madison after his plane is forced down.
Jerkass: Even before the events of American Empire and Settling Accounts, Jake was a jackass.
Karmic Death: Shot by Cassius Madison, a black man whose family was killed in a death camp.
Pet the Dog: With his secretary, Lulu Maddox, who he goes out of his way to be nice to. He also chews out General Patton for slapping a soldier with PTSD.
Politically Incorrect Villain: The CSA as a whole is badly prejudiced against the black population, but Jake, as the son of an overseer who loathed all blacks, is a stronger example than most. And that's without getting into what he does after becoming President...
Villain Protagonist: Jake's a bastard when the series starts, and he doesn't get any better as it goes along.
Villainous Friendship: A Type IV with Clarence Potter, as despite their mutual dislike for one another, Potter is the closest thing Jake has to an actual friend.
A career intelligence officer who speaks with a perfect New England accent, Potter is a major with Army of Northern Virginia intelligence when we first meet him. By the time of Settling Accounts he is a Brigadier-General and one of the heads of Confederate Intelligence/Counterintelligence. Based on Wilhelm Canaris, head of the German Abwehr and member of the German Resistance. Canaris, however, didn't survive the war. Also bears some similarities to Erwin Rommel insofar as his role in the attempt on Featherston's life, analogous to the real-life July 20 Plot, goes.
The Cynic: Doesn't really believe in anything, except for the Confederate States.
Determinator: Very nearly as much as Jake Featherston, but not nearly so rabid. Doesn't give up on the war until Featherston is dead. And, long after the CSA has lost any real hope for victory, nevertheless risks everything and most of his best Intelligence people to sneak a nuke into Philadelphia, the de facto US capital, in a final, futile gesture. And then he escapes back to the CSA.
Dressing as the Enemy: Thanks to his accent, this is his forte. He's also immensely skilled at identifying those Confederate citizens whose accents are good enough to do the same, a vital skill for the head of Confederate military intelligence to have.
Enigmatic Minion: Regarded as such in-series. His abilities are never questioned, but his Yankee accent, unclear reasons for supporting Jake, and cynical attitude towards everything earn him the suspicion of all major CSA characters, including the President.
And rightly so, he got his job when he kills an would-be assassin trying to kill Featherston. Which he only did because the assassin was endangering everyone around Featherston. And he only had a gun at that moment because he had intended to kill Featherston himself.
Four Eyes, Zero Soul: Though he's less evil than he is utterly ruthless and completely without mercy towards his enemies. In many ways, Potter exemplifies the old Marine saying: "No better friend, no worse enemy."
From Nobody to Nightmare: A typical (if very competent) intelligence officer to begin with, Featherston's recognition of his abilities turns him into a perpetual thorn in the Union's side, one that culminates in the nuclear destruction of downtown Philadelphia.
Nuke 'em: Nukes part of Philadelphia with a plutonium bomb in the back of a truck. Since the bomb went off at ground level, it was far less destructive than it might have been. Still, this makes the CSA the first to use nuclear weapons/
Retired Badass: Retires to write his memoirs, under careful US surveillance.
Retired Monster: As of the end of In At The Death. He's not sorry, but he's not doing that again either. And, in many ways, he has nothing to apologize for; he simply did his very best against his country's mortal enemy, an enemy that enjoyed virtually every important military advantage over his country (population, size, industrial capacity, skilled labor, economy, not to mention the resources used to commit genocide that could have been used to defeat the USA). The difference between his being a regular soldier and a monster is his position (head of intelligence), the fact that he's fully aware of the "population reductions" and that he was just so frighteningly good. See My Country, Right or Wrong.
Domestic Abuser: Played remarkably sympathetically—he begins beating his first wife after he discovers she has cheated on him. His marriage to his second wife is far more successful, and features none of this.
Final Solution: A major part of it. He's the one who comes up with the asphyxiating trucks and the bathhouses.
Fire-Forged Friends: With Hipolito Rodriguez, dating back to the First Great War. Though he greatly outranks Rodriguez during the Second Great War, the Sonoran-born noncom is Jeff's only confidant. "Hip" even serves as Jeff's best man at his second marriage, over Edith's racially-based objections.
Sociopathic Soldier: Came home from WWI and the Mexican Civil War completely drained of humanity.
Start of Darkness: Pinkard's slide from Working Class Hero and relatively sympathetic character to the utterly evil creature he is at the end of the story is thoroughly documented from the moment he catches his first wife cheating on him with his best friend and neighbour. She tries to excuse it with a claim of "he's just been here. That's all." ("here" being inside of her) and it's all down hill from there.
Villainous Friendship: With Hip Rodriguez, despite their differences in race and religion. When Rodriguez kills himself, Jeff is completely distraught.
Jake's secretary from the interwar years onward.
Abhorrent Admirer: Played with. Jake finds her extremely unattractive, and in his own words, would "sooner hump me a sheep." At the same time, he's always unfailingly nice to her and definitely values her friendship and hard work.
Action Girl: To Jake's surprise she proves very handy with a Tredegar.
Mercy Kill: Begs Jake to perform one on her after the plane crash that cripples her.
Dark Action Girl: Takes up bushwhacking during the black Marxist uprising when it's clear that the police and Confederate reserve forces (consisting mostly of the elderly and otherwise unfit for front-line service) aren't up to the task of protecting her and her plantation.
Long-time Freedom Party associate of Featherston's, and possibly his only real friend, or at least the only one allowed to use Featherston's given name. One of the oldest Freedom Party members, he joined even before Featherston. Supported Featherston's coup against the Freedom Party's ineffective founder Anthony Dresser, on the assumption that he'd be Featherston's Vice-Presidential nominee. Ultimately, Featherston's paranoia (i.e. that Koenig might have Featherston assassinated to become President himself) lead him to snub Koenig for Willy Knight, the leader of a powerful Texas analogue to the Freedom Party. Featherston makes him Attorney General instead, chosen because it is outside the line of succession, and convinces him that it is the better office, as Featherston has "big plans" for it. Ultimately becomes Featherston's chief non-military subordinate, and responsible for most domestic matters and policy in the Confederate States, including the Final Solution-analogue. Based on Heinrich Himmler and Hermann Goering, with a good helping of Albert Speer in the mix.
The Dragon: Alongside Patton he's the closest thing Jake has.
Number Two: To Jake following his attainment of the position of Attorney-General. He's not in the line of succession, but he is the second most powerful man in the Freedom Party and the CSA, given the emasculation of Congress, the courts, and the VP.
Secret Police: All police in the Confederacy, secret and otherwise, ultimately report to Koenig.
State Sec: The Freedom Party Guards (read as: SS) are under Koenig's purview.
Undying Loyalty: His loyalty to Jake is one of his defining characteristics.
Younger brother of Anne and Jacob's older brother, he went off to war in 1914 alongside his brother, with the rank of Captain. Came back a Lieutenant Colonel and far more mature than he had been (Anne had frequently remarked that he was the most frivolous of her brothers). Assisted Anne in destroying the last remnants of the black marxist uprising that had claimed his brother's (admittedly shattered) life and his ancestral home, killing its leader, Cassius (who had been the Big Bad in Anne's POV). In the interwar period, while his sister became closely involved with the Freedom Party (she bankrolled the party's early rise), he remained distant, disdaining the fanaticism and brutality of the Party. Met Featherston once, and was not impressed (one of the only characters not to be). Recalled to service for the Second World War as a Lieutenant Colonel, he served in the Confederate spearhead that conquered Ohio and cut the United States in half, eventually participating in the fateful Battle of Pittsburgh, where he died. Based, along with Clarence Potter, on German officers who hated Hitler but served Germany faithfully.
A Father to His Men: almost certainly. Reggie Bartlett, who served in Tom's company on the Roanoke front, seems to think of him as such.
Aristocrats Are Evil: Averted. In sharp contrast to his sister and his brother, he's one of the nicest, most unprepossessing characters in the series, and, after Reggie Bartlett died so randomly, he's one of the last truly decent Confederate characters. And despite having a wealthy planter lineage going back to before the American Revolution (Marshlands is nearly the oldest plantation in the CSA), he marries a grocer's daughter, Bertha, with whom his extremely Happily Married and has two sons.
Colonel Badass: definitely. Led from the front on the Roanoke front in World War One, often being close enough to the enemy to use his sidearm. Did so again in World War II, with his most common line of dialogue, at least where his soldiers were concerned, being "Follow me." In the Pittsburgh pocket, he willingly endured all the hardships his men faced. Not to mention his last thought in Pittsburgh, just before a US soldier shoots him: "One last shot," as he reaches for his rifle.
Jewish member of the Freedom Party, starts out as the owner of the first radio network in Richmond. Becomes an important ally of Featherston, who appreciates the potential power of radio, and who uses his network to publicize himself and the Freedom Party. Eventually becomes Featherston's Chief of Communications (read: propaganda), and consolidates pretty much every media outlet in the Confederate states under his department. Is very happy that the Freedom Party persecutes blacks and not Jews, as the Russians did in his homeland of Poland. Despite the brutishness and barbarity of the Freedom Party and its administration of the Confederate States, Goldman remains a quiet, shy intellectual, though he's hardly less monstrous, underneath his unassuming manner. Based, in an incredible irony, on Joseph Goebbels.
Honest Advisor: Along with Ferd Koenig, Goldman is on the short list of people whose opinion Jake actually respects and will ask for.
Ignored Epiphany: During the last books, when he starts to realise that what he's done to blacks isn't dissimilar from what the Russians do to Jews like him. He promptly pushes the thought away at Jake's urging.
Confederate submarine captain in World War One, torpedoes George Enos' destroyer after the war has ended, killing him and making Kimball a war criminal. Romantically involved with Anne Colleton, and an early convert to the Freedom Party. Killed by Sylvia Enos, widow of George, for which she is treated as a hero and is not prosecuted, either in the CSA or USA.
Sociopathic Soldier: Kimball is easily the most vile man to serve in either navy. He demonstrates no regard for The Laws and Customs of War, murders Enos and his crew after the war is over, and tries to rape his ex-girlfriend, Anne Colleton when she leaves the Freedom Party.
Unsympathetic P.O.V.: Despite being a viewpoint character, he's an absolutely hateful human being throughout. One suspects Turtledove hated him, for some reason.
A Mexican man from the Confederate state of Sonora, he serves in World War One, though his first engagement is putting down the various black uprisings, during which he meets his lifelong friend, Jefferson Pinkard, and acquires a deep and abiding hatred for blacks (though remaining extremely sympathetic). After the war ended, he became an extremely prosperous farmer, compared to most of his neighbors (eventually owning a radio, refrigerator, and electric lighting). Also became a strong supporter of the Freedom Party, mainly because they were as virulently racist against blacks as he was. Throughout the series, Rodriguez repeatedly expresses that he is grateful for the subjugation of blacks, as it puts himself, and other Mexicans, in a slightly higher social stratum, and deflects hatred that might otherwise fall on his people. Along with Mexican Freedom Party members and white organizers, Rodriguez participates in paramilitary operations that break the political and economic power of the Mexican "patrones." Unfortunately, Rodriguez nearly electrocutes himself during the interwar period, and is severely weakened. When World War II starts, he is too weak to serve in the regular army, and so becomes a camp guard, eventually ending up at Pinkard's Camp Determination (read: Auschwitz). Initially does well, resuming his friendship with Pinkard and becoming one of his most trusted subordinates, despite Rodriguez's low rank. Eventually stops being able to deny the reality of what he and the camp are doing (exterminating blacks) and kills himself.
Affably Evil: Hip is a genuinely pleasant man, who just happens to work as a guard at a death camp.
Final Solution: Plays a minor role in it as a guard at Camp Determination.
Fire-Forged Friends: With Jeff Pinkard, as a result of their service in the Great War. Despite their differences in race, religion, and rank, in the Second Great War "Hip" is Jeff's only real confidant.
The Everyman: Portrayed as an average white Confederate citizen.
The Great Escape: Pulls one off from a US POW camp in the First Great War; is captured a second time later in the war but is too badly wounded to make another attempt.
Heel Realization: Although never a Heel per se, Bartlett comes to the epiphany that blacks and whites aren't so different when he's interned with a group of black CSA soldiers after being captured a second time.
Jumped at the Call: Does not wait to be drafted when the CSA enters the First Great War but rushes to the first recruiting station he can find, abandoning his regular job in the process. Later becomes politically active with the Radical Liberals, one of the few political parties with enough strength to oppose the Freedom Party.
My Country, Right or Wrong: Although he does attempt to help reform the system (or at least keep it from getting any worse) by becoming politically active.
Noble Bigot: Despite being infected with the racial attitudes of his time and his country, Reggie is actually a pretty decent guy. Even his racial attitudes are somewhat moderated when he gets to know black CSA soldier Rehoboam.
General manager of the Huntsman's Lodge, a four-star restaurant in Augusta, Georgia, who employs Scipio (under the assumed name Xerxes) as a waiter. Later drafted as a supply officer by the Confederate army. Notable for having shielded Scipio and his family from Freedom Party "Population Reductions".
Badass Bureaucrat: After being recalled to service, becomes the most efficient officer in the Confederate Quartermaster Corps and is specifically targeted by Irving Morrell for assassination because he significantly boosts the overall efficiency of the army.
Benevolent Boss: Played with; he's not a pleasant guy to work for by any means, but Jerry nonetheless rewards good, hard workers, and is willing to stick his neck out for Scipio and other black employees who are in danger of being rounded up by the Freedom Party.
Cluster F-Bomb: Jerry is noteworthy for these, and is probably the most foul-mouthed character in the series.
My Country, Right or Wrong: Although he doesn't like Featherston or the Freedom Party at all, does not want to oppose him out of loyalty to the Confederacy as a whole.
The Scrounger: For an entire Confederate theater of battle! It's noted in-universe that restauranteurs are especially talented as supply officers (Truth in Television; see the Real Life entry under this trope).
Weirdness Coupon: Jerry's army superiors put up with his bad attitude and insubordination because he's undisputedly the best at what he does.
George S. Patton
A high-ranking Confederate general, and a veteran of The Great War, Patton is one of Jake Featherston's favourite bagmen, and spearheads the assault on Ohio, later commanding at the battles of Pittsburgh and Birmingham. An aggressive devotee of barrel warfare, Patton lives to fight and little else.
Attack! Attack! Attack!: Patton tries to use the offensive as the be-all-end-all of warfare. He's less idiotic about it than Custer or MacArthur though.
Lack of Empathy: To the point of assaulting a man who was suffering from shell shock.
A driver for a Confederate company, Cincinnatus becomes involved with both the Confederate and Red undergrounds during the Union occupation of Kentucky, before ultimately deciding that his alleigance lies with the United States.
Badass: Not at first, but as the series progresses he takes immense levels in it.
Badass Driver: From the beginning. He eventually becomes a Union auxillary, driving supply trucks for the US Army.
Badass Grandpa: In his fifties by the time of In At The Death. More badass than ever.
The butler at the Marshlands plantation, Scipio can talk like an educated white man. More or less against his will, he is dragged into Cassius' Red revolution, and acts as their face in dealings with the Confederacy. In the aftermath of the collapse of the Congaree Socialist Republic, he finds himself on the run.
Guile Hero: repeatedly uses his upper-class white man's voice to survive or get the upper hand on his enemies. When he's reluctantly dragged into one of the many black Marxist uprisings in World War One, he becomes the 'face' of the Congaree Socialist Republic, because his accent and erudition deeply unsettle the various white officers he negotiates with occasionally. Later, after he's escaped to Georgia, and is living under a new name, during the various anti-black riots that break out during the Great Depression, he uses his education to convince a white rioter that he's one of the leaders of the pogrom. The rioter even calls him 'sir.' The reason for this is that, in the CSA, accent is closely tied to class, and so, while his skin says that he's barely better than a slave, his accent says he's a Senator.
Heroic Neutral: Most of his actions are simply to survive and/or protect his family
Only Sane Man: The only reason Anne Colleton spares him after his involvement in the black Marxist uprising is because Scipio did his best to restrain Cassius' excesses.
Villainous Friendship: Scipio is hardly villainous, but Cassius certainly is. The two of them have serious issues with one another, Scipio disliking Cassius' revolutionary dogmatism and brutality, and Cassius doubting Scipio's loyalty to the cause. Yet in the end the two of them are friends, and Scipio ultimately names his son after his old revolutionary comrade.
You Are a Credit to Your Race: As in the case of Cincinnatus, this happens to him a lot. Jerry Dover notes that if Scipio were a white man, he'd probably be a lawyer or a Congressman.
The hunter for the Marshlands, Cassius is a Marxist revolutionary who becomes Chairman of the Congaree Socialist Republic during the Great War. A committed and fanatical revolutionary, Cassius is willing to burn down the entire CSA in order to better the Confederacy's blacks.
Scary Black Man: Absolutely terrifying in his committment to the revolution.
Villainous Friendship: For all the doubts that the two of them have about each other, and all the mutual distrust and suspicion, Cassius does seem to consider Scipio a friend.
Well-Intentioned Extremist: Cassius is a brutal revolutionary who has no problems disregarding The Laws and Customs of War, or killing anyone who is deviating from the revolutionary path. At the same time, he genuinely believes that the CSA's blacks (and poor whites for that matter) will be better off after his revolution.
Scipio's son, whom he names for his old revolutionary comrade. He manages to dodge the gas chambers and join a guerilla band led by Gracchus. During In At The Death, he is the one who ultimately kills Jake Featherston.
Meaningful Name: In-universe. Like the man he was named for, he takes up arms against his white Confederate oppressors, and ultimately finishes the original Cassius' job, bringing down the CSA with a single shot.
Named After Somebody Famous: Named for the leader of the African-American revolutionary movement, though he himself doesn't necessarily know it.
A Canadian farmer who lives with his family in Rosenfeld, Manitoba. A Canadian patriot who opposes the American incursion into, and eventual occupation of, his homeland, Arthur nonetheless unwillingly cooperates with the Yanks until they shoot his son, Alexander, for sabotage. Then he embarks on a desperate quest for revenge.
Berserk Button: Do not suggest his son may actually have been guilty of the deeds for which he was executed.
Sympathetic P.O.V.: Operates more like a true member of La Résistance than a terrorist, targeting only US military personnel (he doesn't even attack Canadian collaborators) and seeking to limit the damage he inflicts. And what father, given the means, wouldn't seek to avenge the death of his son at the hands of foreign soldiers?
Mary McGregor Pomeroy
Younger daughter of Arthur McGregor, Mary is just as ardent a Canadian patriot as her father, and just as eager for revenge on the Yankees who killed her brother and father. She takes up her father's methods, and learns from his mistakes. Unlike her father, who did his best to strike military targets (and thus was more akin to a soldier, and retained considerable sympathy), Mary is essentially a terrorist and targets anyone, including Jonathan Moss' Canadian wife and child. Also unlike her father, she is ultimately captured and executed.
I Am Not My Father: Played with. Mary's first line of defense, when she's suspected in various bombings, is to try to persuade authorities that this is the case, and that she's being persecuted because of her parentage.
Ignored Epiphany: When she learns that her bomb killed Dorothy Moss, a very young child, Mary questions whether what she did was wrong. Don't worry, she gets over it in less than half a page.
More Deadly Than The Male: She is more patient, more methodical, and generally more effective than her father in their shared cause. That said, Mary prefers murdering innocents to targeting soldiers, and thus avoids the high security surrounding American military installations in Canada.
Unsympathetic P.O.V.: Like Roger Kimball, Mary is horrifyingly evil, despite, again, her crimes being paltry compared to those of far more sympathetic characters. Even the fact of her relatively normal home life, with a husband and child, does little to temper her evil, as almost every one of her entries involves her carrying out, plotting, or mentally cackling about the prospect of slaughtering innocents with explosives.
A Quebecois farmer who lives with his family near the small town of Riviere-du-Loup. He is initially opposed to the American occupation of Canada, but becomes reconciled to the Americans when his daughter marries one.
Down on the Farm: Galtier is never seen outside the context of the day-to-day business of his farm and family.
Les Collaborateurs: Although he's initially opposed to the occupation, he does eventually sell farmland to the Americans on which to build a military hospital, and allows his daughter to marry an American army surgeon.
The Everyman: Moreso than most other characters, as he's never directly involved in the fighting but nonetheless has his life turned upside down by its consequences.
Sympathetic P.O.V.: The most sympathetic of the Canadian characters (although he's no longer Canadian at the end). Generally friendly and the only POV character who hurts or betrays no one (other than himself) in the entire series!
Postmaster in Rosenfeld, Manitoba; conduit for rumors and information spread by everyone (both Canadians and occupation troops) in town.
Bury Your Gays: one of only a couple of characters who are even hinted at as being gay in the entire series, although it's never outright stated and his portrayal is mainly through the eyes of the McGregors, who have their own biases concerning him. Ends up in prison after Mary McGregor sets him up as working for the resistance. As he is not a young man—Rokeby was ready to retire when this took place—and the occupation forces are not known for being gentle, his ultimate fate does not appear kind, though it takes place off-page.
Crazy Cat Lady: Stated to be supporting a large number of feral cats on her farm. As she is widowed and isolated on her homestead, this appears to be the trajectory Laura's headed on when Jonathan meets her.