A beautiful noblewoman who was raised as a boy by her father. She is educated in such diverse arts as fencing, horseback riding, and etiquette. Eventually, she commands a company in the Garde du Corps du Roi (the senior Household Cavalry regiment), and later transfers to the French Guards.
Colonel Badass: Oscar, as captain in the Military Household, holds rank equivalent to a colonel's.
The Brigadier: For her role into Jeanne Valois' death, Oscar was promoted to colonel and commander of the Gards du Corp regiment, becoming a de facto cavalry brigadier general. While in the French Guards she kept the colonel rank, but, commanding a regiment-sized company, became de-facto a colonel.
Covert Pervert: She read and appreciated L'Organt, a political poem filled with satire, attacks against the monarchy, the nobility and the church and infamous (and banned) for an immense quantity of pornographic episodes.
Expy: Word of God stated she's loosely based on Pierre-Augustin Hulin, the historical leader of the people and the French Guards in the storming of the Bastille. In an Historical In-Joke, Hulin serves under her and gets his historical role due Oscar being shot and outranking Alain.
Genre Savvy: Part of the drama comes out from her being savvy enough to realize how this is going to end and utterly failing to prevent it.
Historical In-Joke: Her father, the general De Jarjayes, has an historical counterpart who actually raised his daughter for a man, naming her Jean-Antoine Pierre Marie Victor. Jean-Antoine was believed an actual man until her birth certificate was discovered.
Let Them Pretend Happy: André starts losing eyesight on his remaining eye, and at some point he stands next to Oscar's new portrait and starts giving a flowery false description of it to not let Oscar know his eyesight problems. Oscar then tearfully says the picture is as gorgeous as he says it is, not having the heart to tell André that she knows he's almost blind.
No Kill Like Overkill: Oscar dies by being shot by over a dozen muskets. Justified by the inaccuracy of smoothbore muskets, that, barring the very high aiming skills of a professional hunter, meant you had to resort to this when you shot a single person at that distance.
Pass the Popcorn: Her usual reaction to the court's squabbles, as long as they don't involve her. She did it even to Marie Antoinette and the Du Barry's battle, before the latter got her family involved.
Raised as the Opposite Gender: She was the youngest daughter of a high-ranked military man, so she was raised as a boy by her dad. By the time she meets Andre at age 7, she already knows she is a girl and identifies as such. By the time Oscar joins the military at age 14, most people can tell she is female.
Historical In-Joke: The Real Life counterpart of her father did the same thing to his firstborn daughter, and was more successful in hiding her true gender (it was found out only years after both their deaths, when people stumbled on her birth certificate).
She Cleans Up Nicely: She once puts on a Pimped-Out Dress, when she goes to a ball to dance with Fersen. Andre's reaction is different in each media: he gets angry in the manga, but in the anime he laughs about it.
Simple Yet Opulent: Her one-time dress is grand, but actually less loaded with the frills and trimmings typical of the nobility of the time.
Oscar's childhood friend and the grandson of her nanny. André and Oscar learned the arts of fencing and horsemanship together when they were children. As they grew up, Oscar became the Dauphine's guard and the class gap between them widened. He has been described as a "true working-class hero" by Helen McCarthy. He is secretly in love with Oscar.
Yandere: He starts to edge into yandere territory the darker things get, culminating in an attempt to poison Oscar and himself in a fit of jealousy in the manga. Thankfully, he stops her from drinking it.
Historical-Domain Character: François Augustin Reynier, first Count of Jarjayes is an historical character. The main differences between the historical general and Ikeda's version is that Ikeda made her own older in order to have a daughter of the same age as Marie Antoinette (the historical version was only ten years older than Marie Antoinette), and the historical character raised his firstborn daughter as a male, not the last, and was more successful into hiding her actual gender.
Parents as People: Madame de Jarjayes seems to be a decent and kind Proper Lady, and Oscar loves her very much. General Jarjayes, on the other hand... oh my. The guy has a good heart, but he is a bundle of HUGE issues and many of them pass onto Oscar.
The adoptive daughter of a commoner named Nicole Lamorlière. She is described as "a stereotypical good girl, sweet, obedient and timid". Oscar teaches her the art of fencing, manners, history, and other courtly skills and Rosalie comes to admire and love Oscar greatly.
Rags to Royalty: She's a sort of 'Sleeping Beauty' type. Her then-teenaged mother gave her up to a poor family, thus Rosa has no idea of how said mom has gone Rags to Riches in the meantime and considers herself the daughter of Nicole Lamorliere for a long while.
You Killed My Mother: Oscar actually meets Rosalie when she tries to kill her mom, mistaking Madame Jarjays as the noblewoman whose carriage ran Nicole over.
An ambitious young woman raised by a poor seamstress along with her half sister, Rosalie.
Even Evil Has Standards: She intends to kill Nicole d'Olivia, the prostitute who she hired to impersonate the queen and the one person who can connect her to the Affair of the Diamond Necklace, but can't bring herself to do it. This causes her downfall.
Partially averted in the manga: while not liking doing it, she could bring herself to kill Nicole, but she is still unsheating her knife when Oscar and her soldiers barge in with an arrest warrant, both saving Nicole and discovering her existance.
The Glorious War of Sisterly Rivalry: Sort-of: she and Rosalie love each other, but when Jeanne was starting to feel satisfied with the lot she had earned into life she saw that Rosalie, thanks to Oscar, had free access to Versailles, and decided she couldn't let Rosalie live a better life than herself.
Rags to Royalty: The most twisted Cinderella type ever. She uses her being the natural child of the last descendant of the Valois dinasty to be taken in by an old noblewoman with it, then kills her benefactor to inherit her riches. It gets worse, and worse, and worse...
Villainous Breakdown: In the manga: starts when she realizes that Rosalie (the only person Jeanne really loved and trusted) told Oscar where to find the now wanted Jeanne, gets worse after Oscar remembers her of her happy childhood with Rosalie, and completely snaps after she accidentally kills Nicolas.
Badass: Say what you want about his character, but this guy overpowered Oscar in hand-to-hand combat, something that usually takes at least three or four muscle-bound men, and was much less injured than the three or four muscle-bound men.
Deathbed Confession: She's mortally injured after bieng run over by Polignac's carriage. As she lays dying, she explains to Rosalie that her true mom is a woman named Martine Gabrielle... Polignac herself.
Heroic BSOD: When his little sister Dianne kills herself, Oscar and Andre find him sitting next to her death bed, his body tense and his eyes full of tears of despair. As Madame de Soissons explains what happened, he apologizes and says he cannot go back for a while, so takes a 10-Minute Retirement.
Face Death with Dignity: When brought to the guillottine she was only thinking of showing dignity as queen of France and the daughter of Maria Theresa, and the manga reports her letter to her sister-in-law Elizabeth in which she reaffirmed her dignity. In Real Life, Witnesses were impressed by her dignity, including her graceful apologize to her executioner when she accidentally stepped on his foot.
Gem-Encrusted: Several of her dresses, headdresses, and a couple of her ermine dresses and capes.
Humiliation Conga: With the Revolution, she's subjected to a major one. First she's nearly lynched by the women of Paris (who calms only after she makes a reverence to them), then she's forced to move to the Touileries with the Royal Family, then there's the failure of the escape to Belgium with the relative hate of the people, the forced abdication, Louis XVI's trial and execution, the Committee of Public Safety taking her children away (by this time she's suffering of tuberculosis and uterine cancer), a a sham trial finalized to sentence her to death, member of the Committee Jacques Hébert brainwashing her son into accusing her of incest, and, finally, she's executed. Partly subverted because none of this succeeded into humiliating her.
The Dog Bites Back: When Hébert relayed the accuse of incest at her trial, Marie Antoinette at first refused to reply, and when she was forced to answer she declared "If I have not replied, it is because Nature itself refuses to respond to such a charge laid against a mother" and nearly got Hébert lynched, succeeding in putting him on Robespierre's and Saint-Just's shit-lists (Hébert barely survived five months before being executed as a thief).
Sheltered Aristocrat: Deconstructed. Let's put it this way: Marie Antoinette liked to go to the countryside. She thought it was lovely and idyllic. Problem: No one was particularly interested in disabusing her of this notion. So when she got there, it would be a sanitized version of the real thing.
Ignored Expert: She left Marie Antoinette with a list of instructions on how to act as a princess and a queen, including never giving jobs and money as favors and always listening Count De Mercy. Had she followed her instructions about jobs and De Mercy, Marie Antoinette would have avoided many of the errors and wastes that ended up causing the Revolution.
Parents as People: She cares for her children but isn't above using them for her purposes and interferring in their lives. Just like she did in Real Life.
Face Death with Dignity: His reaction to his death sentence? Make his son swear he won't try and avenge him, then, once brought to the guillotine, taking off his jacket, telling the assembled people he wished them well, and placing his neck under the blade.
Hidden Depths: He's much smarter than he looks, it's implied he realized about Marie Antoinette and Fersen about at the same time as Oscar (i.e. when Louis XV was still alive, years before the rumor mill picked it and months before Antoinette herself had any hint) but let them do because he wanted his wife to be happy and rightly trusted her to not imperil the succession.
I Want My Beloved to Be Happy: He really wants Marie Antoinette's happiness, and it's implied he knew she was in love with Fersen well before the rumor mill and allowed it because it made her happy and Fersen wasn't around her only to get favors (he states he likes and trusts Fersen exactly because of this). His only problem with them being Star-Crossed Lovers was that the rumor mill picking it up and blowing it out of proportions had upset his beloved.
Modest Royalty: He tends to wear simple and practical clothing (especially when compared with his wife's many overdecorated dresses), unless the occasion calls for more decorated clothes.
Nice Guy: His niceness is even lampshaded by two royal guards, who noted his modesty (especially compared to his wife), love for simple things, lack of lovers, and that he truly loved his people. Sadly, he was too nice for his own good: had he been a little less nice and somewhat harder (and capable to resist his wife's strong opinions), he would have been able to avoid much of the trouble that ended causing the Revolution. But was nice to the end, even taking time before his execution to make his son swear he'd not try to avenge him and, before placing his head on the guillotine, wishing the French people luck and prosperity.
Dogged Nice Guy: A strange example: he's married to the woman he loves, but knows well she loves Fersen.
Chick Magnet: Antoinette and Oscar were very smitten with him. Considering how hot and gentlemanly he is, can you blame them?
Truth in Television: He was a famous ladies' men, with lovers spread around all of Europe before 'settling' with Marie Antoinette.
Face-Heel Turn: The manga records his historical fate: after Marie Antoinette's death he grew cold, cynical and hateful of the commoners, and by them was lynched in the anniversary of the Flight to Varennes (a date he had grown to consider unlucky) for his part in the supposed murder of the crown prince of Sweden (who had died of natural causes).
Tall, Dark and Handsome: Downplayed. He may be considered dark by Swedish standards, but definitely not by French ones. He even dyes his hair a much darker shade in order to disguise himself later in the story.
Values Dissonance: that was actually rather common for noble families of the time (hence why adultery and omosexuality were tolerated: marriage was to continue the line, not for love), with the children being treated more as goods than persons (Marie Antoinette herself got this treatment). On the other hand, the duke of Guiche was a creepy old man...
Historical Villain Upgrade: The real Polignac was extravagant to the max and apparently more than a little cold and calculating, but nowhere near the levels she gets in the show.
Karma Houdini : After all the tragedy she's caused, to say nothing of contributing to the downfall of the French monarchy, she escapes from France and the revolution altogether. Frustratingly Truth in Television, although in Real Life she died soon after Marie Antoinette of an undiagnosed illness.
My God, What Have I Done?: Had this reaction when Charlotte mentioned Rosalie Lamoriere's full name, as she fully realized that she had killed the woman who raised her firstborn daughter, and she had earned said daughter's fully justified hate.
Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans. Cousin of Louis XVI who secretly tried to usurp the throne. Second in row to the throne of France after Louis XVI's children and brothers.
Ambition Is Evil: He's the cousin of Louis as well as the leading candidate to the throne after Louis' immediate family. Of course he plays more than one gambit to knock Louis off, even in the first episodes!
Ascended Extra: He barely appeared in the manga, being mentioned as suspected to have helped Jeanne Valois' breaking out of prison and allowing the "Black Knight" to use Palais-Royal (his residence in Paris) as hideout, but is practically the Big Bad of the anime.
Canon Immigrant: Originally created for the anime as Oscar's designated rival for entrance in the Royal Guard and, after they both joined, her second in command. Later Ikeda introduced him in the manga, first as Oscar's second in command and then as the Romantic False Lead.
Louis Antoine Léon Florelle de Saint-Just. A military and political leader during the French Revolution.
Ascended Extra: Where the manga had him appear only near the end, the anime elevated him to a quasi-Big Bad role.
Covert Pervert: The manga remembers us he's the author of L'Organt, a politically-motivated satirical poem filled with an immense quantity of pornographic episodes. He maintains the book was banned for the attacks against the monarchy, nobility and church, and takes offence when Bernard calls it porn.
Dude Looks Like a Lady: In the manga Oscar mistook him for a woman twice (partly thanks to Bernard's habit of calling him Florelle), and only realized his true gender when Bernard told her his full name.
Even Evil Has Standards: Both versions remember us why he was called Angel of Death and that he's personally responsible for Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI being executed instead that kept prisoners, but put Jacques Hébert on his shit list (and got him guillotined as a thief) for dishonoring the Revolution by falsely accusing Marie Antoinette of incest with her own son.
Ascended Extra: His role in the manga is relatively little (apart historically documented appearances at important events, he only shows up four times, only two of which are actually important to the plot and one being at Marie Antoinette's trial, where he was historically present but in which he had no role). In the anime he shows up much more often, and both Bernard and Saint-Just work for him (with the latter causing him a lot of trouble due his attempts at murdering nobles and starting armed revolts).
A sergeant in the French Guards, leads the storming of the Bastille after Oscar is shot. Doesn't appear in the anime.
Chekhov's Gunman: Genius Bonus version: unless you already knows history, you won't realize his importance when he's named until he performs his historical role. Even then, it may escape you.
Expy: Inverted: Oscar is based on him, more specifically him as a young soldier leading the storming of the Bastille.
Future Badass: He doesn't look like much in the series, but he'll survive The Terror, serve under Napoleon to become a Colonel Badass first and a general later, and played a part in saving Napoleon's throne when former general Malet tried a coup in 1812.
Sequel Hook: His two appearances serve to indicate that Ikeda will draw a sequel (the relatively obscure Eikou no Napoleon-Eroica, published between 1986 and 1995) and Napoleon will be the protagonist. The second is particularly blatant: it's Napoleon in the garbs of his imperial incoronation with the narration noting that, after the deaths of Marie Antoinette, Oscar, Robespierre and many other, France is waiting for the hero Napoleon Bonaparte.
Count of Mirabeau
A liberal nobleman and one of the leaders of the Third Estate at the Estates-General.
Crouching Pervert, Hidden Badass: He first shows up trying to get Rosalie (who still lived with her mother) in his bed, and Oscar notes that he's an infamous pervert and alcoholist (albeit one who seemed having an inhuman luck or power) riddled with gambling debts. Fast forward to the Estates-General, and Oscar is left wondering how the hell that nobleman managed to get elected as a Third Estate representative from Aix, and that's before he becomes the driving force in the creation of the National Assembly.
Unwitting Pawn: She had no idea why Jeanne had asked her to dress with expensive clothes, give a rose to a fat cardinal and telling him a few loving words, only that she would be paid fifteen thousands livres and she needed the money.
Accentuated in the anime, where she's blind and considers Jeanne her benefactor, and, when she identifies her at the trial, has no idea she's testifying against her in a trial.
Marquis de Launay
Bernard René Jourdan de Launay, the cynical governor of the Bastille.
Dirty Coward: Stays hidden in his officeside the Bastille while his men fight to defend the fortress.
Adaptational Badass: That happens only in the anime. In the manga, truer to his historical persona, he was hidden in his office, and Oscar's killers were lieutenant Deflue and his thirty soldiers, detached from the Salis-Samade regiment to reinforce the Bastille).