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[[folder:Voreni Household]]

!Lucius Vorenus


->''"[[CosmicPlaything Fortune pisses on me]]."''

One of the two protagonists. We first meet him as a centurion of the 13th Legion in Gaul who has not seen home nor his family for 8 years and wishes for nothing but to go back to them. Vorenus is an impeccably honest and honorable man who values tradition, law and loyalty to the Roman Republic above all... something that will bring him innumerable problems. Played by Creator/KevinMcKidd.

* AbusiveParent: To his daughters and to Niobe's son occasionally, though he flip-flops. This is due to the nasty temper mentioned below.
* AscendedExtra: The surviving writings of the actual, historical Caesar mention one 'Lucius Vorenus', centurion. Very little else is known of him, although it's safe to assume his importance has been greatly exaggerated. The real Lucius Vorenus actually belonged to the 11th legion.
* BashBrothers: With Titus Pullo.
* BattleCry: "Thirteenth!!!"
* BeardOfSorrow: After [[spoiler: Niobe and Caesar's death, as well as the supposed death of his children.]]
* BerserkButton: People who are disloyal, as the Greek mercenary who suggested betraying [[spoiler: Pompey]] found out.
* BreakTheHaughty: His principles crumble when confronted by real problems the higher up he goes in the social ladder.
* BreakThemByTalking: Does this to Cleopatra by [[spoiler: pointing out the deal she's made with Octavian to keep her crown and her son by Caesar save is worthless as Octavian won't keep his word]].
-->'''Cleopatra''': [[spoiler: I've made a pact with Octavian. I keep my crown and no harm will come to my people]]''
-->'''Vorenus''': [[spoiler: Octavian ''may'' let you live...so he can parade you through the Forum in your crown. To Antony's children, he will show public mercy and kindness, but Caesarion? Another son of Caesar? Octavian ''will'' kill him!]]
-->'''Cleopatra''': ''[starting to panic]'' No! He's just a child!
-->'''Vorenus''': He'll die.
* CannotSpitItOut: His philosophy of stoicism serves him well in war, but leaves him virtually unable to speak of softer things.
-->'''Vorenus''' ''(to Niobe, sincerely but lamely):'' It saddens me that you are unhappy. Because I have deep affection for you.
* CelibateHero - Devoted to his wife. Though he is seen later on having sex with a prostitute.
* ColonelBadass: As a centurio primus pilus, a "First Spear Centurion", his status and responsibilities approximate (though not completely, see DrillSergeantNasty below) roughly to that of a Lieutenant Colonel in a modern army. He's also Centurion of the Prime (or simply 1st) Cohort, a cohort that was double the size of an ordinary cohort, carried the legionary eagle, and was made up of the cream of the legion; to command one was considered the zenith of a common soldier's career and carried a great deal of prestige.
* CosmicPlaything: See his character quote above.
* CreepySouvenir: He carries a Germanic warrior's ''penis'' as a lucky charm. [[spoiler: He also keeps [[DecapitationPresentation Erastes Fulmen's head]] after decapitating him.]]
* CulturedWarrior: He often cites examples from Roman history during his HonorBeforeReason rants, sometimes talks about other cultures (eg. the Egyptian gods) as if he's read up about them and the reason he was sent on the mission to find Caesar's stolen eagle in the first place was because his superior officer thought he was clever. His badass qualifications are impeccable.
** As he is on operations inside foreign countries, his position as centurio primus pilus and later Prefect would mean, learning about enemy culture and traditions was part of his job.
* DeliberateValuesDissonance: Many, but most notably in one situation where Lucius Vorenus decides that the most ethical thing to do is kill a little boy. It's heartbreaking to see how torn he is between "doing the right thing" and killing his wife's bastard, and listening to his instinct to not kill a child.
* DrillSergeantNasty: One in the pilot, mellows in later episodes. As a ''centurio primus pilus'' the overall discipline of the legion would be one of his (many) responsibilities.
* FieryRedhead: He has a ''nasty'' temper.
* FireForgedFriends: With Pullo, and strangely enough with Mark Antony by the end of the series. Although Vorenus doesn't approve of Antony's hedonistic ways, he eventually realises they share the same self-destructive urges.
* HeroicBSOD: Once the Unstoppable Rage has worn off, Vorenus has one of these after believing his whole family is dead
* HeterosexualLifePartners: With Pullo.
* HonorBeforeReason: Much of his sense of honor is DeliberateValuesDissonance, however.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: As much of a screwup as he is as a father, he does love his children, and does have some of his own personal morals.
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: After driving his wife to suicide and chasing his children away with hateful curses, he develops a ThousandYardStare.
* MyMasterRightOrWrong: Because of his sense of loyalty.
* NaiveNewcomer: Vorenus's campaign as magistrate exposes him to the dirty dealings behind Rome's supposed to be sacred political institutions.
* NotDistractedByTheSexy: At first it seems as though Cleopatra's seduction attempt has worked on him, but he refuses in order to stay faithful to his wife. Cleopatra takes it as a personal offense.
* NotSoAboveItAll: Though rather than be above the silliness he started off above the corruption. Vorenus eventually goes from being a honorable soldier to the Godfather of Rome's criminal underworld.
* OddCouple: With Pullo.
* OfficerAndAGentleman: It's amazingly funny to compare that to the dirtbags he serves, who would screw AnythingThatMoves.
* PapaWolf: Will go to any lengths to get his children back in season two.
* PerfectlyArrangedMarriage: With Niobe. After a rocky start, they grow to love each other... or at least ''he'' does.
* PerpetualFrowner: Vorenus seems to frown even when he smiles.
* PetTheDog: His treatment of Caesarion shows a soft side.
* ProfessionalKiller: Erastes Fulmen hires him to be one, but Vorenus has trouble accepting it and quits. [[YouHaveFailedMe This is the origin of their conflict.]]
* PunctuatedForEmphasis: Delivers one to Cleopatra [[spoiler: while making no attempt to disguise his disgust at the fact she induced Antony to commit suicide while dealing with Octavian behind his back]].
-->'''Cleopatra''': I let you live because Antony was fond of you. ''Do not'' test me now!
-->'''Vorenus''': Kiss. My. '''''ARSE!'''''
* RedOniBlueOni: Is the blue to Titus's red in Season 1, but the roles appear to be reversed in Season 2.
* ReportsOfMyDeathWereGreatlyExaggerated: He was presumed dead during his eight-year campaign in Gaul.
* ReturningWarVet: To his sorrow, he realizes violence is his only talent.
* SanitySlippage: In the second season he is grappling with the dissolution of Rome, and of his family. He can't cope.
* TenMinuteRetirement - How many times has this man failed to stay away from politics?
* UndyingLoyalty: To his legion, to his city, to his friends - to the death. {{Lampshaded}}:
-->'''Octavian''': That man turns loyalty into a vice.
* UnstoppableRage: More than once. But the stand-out example is when he slaughters Erastes Fulmen's entire gang.
* WhatTheHellHero: Vorenus has an unfortunate amount of these. Lampshaded by one of his interactions with DaChief Mark Anthony. Vorenus himself had this reaction when Pullo killed one of his slaves just because said slave was in a relationship with the girl Pullo loves.
* WideEyedIdealist: Sort of. He still believes in the Republic, while everybody else sees it as rotten to the core.
* YouGetMeCoffee: The first time they are in Egypt, Vorenus has to remind Pullo to go form with the other soldiers. They are friends, but he still outranks him.

!Titus Pullo


->''"Here I come, girls! I'm gonna drink all the wine, smoke all the smoke, and fuck every whore in the city!"''

The other protagonist. Pullo is an impulsive, boisterous and wholly irreverent legionary in the 13th Legion serving under Vorenus, whom he befriends after going on a mission with him. The two then return to Vorenus' house in Rome as HeterosexualLifePartners. Played by Creator/RayStevenson.

* TheAlcoholic: Drinks heavily, at least early on in the series.
%%* AntiHero: Type IV-V
* AscendedExtra: The writings of Gaius Julius Caesar really do mention one 'Titus Pullo,' member of his legions. Although the historical Pullo was a centurion, not a foot soldier. The real Titus Pollo belonged to the 11th legion.
* BashBrothers: With Vorenus.
* BattleCry: "Thirteenth!!!"
* BeenThereShapedHistory: It's even lampshaded in [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oenHjrs_Wgk "How Titus Pullo brought down the Republic"]] where Pullo's gambling problem and murder of a conman culminated in an attempted revenge killing that kicked off Caesar's eventual return to Rome and him dissolving the Republic.
* BerserkButton: Insulting the 13th Legion.
* BloodKnight: He loves to fight, and he's good at it.
* BodyHorror: Gets a skull fracture during a street brawl. The treatment of the time (centuries before the invention of anesthetic) ain't pretty.
* BoisterousBruiser: Pullo is very rowdy, very loud and very deadly.
* BruiserWithASoftCenter: He's like a combination of a teddy bear and a grizzly bear.
* CharacterDevelopment: He TookALevelInKindness after marrying Eirene.
* ChivalrousPervert: With Eirene.
* ClusterFBomb: "I'm Titus fucking Pullo, cunt!"
* CoolUncle: Takes on this role for the children after Vorenus leaves them in his care.
* CrazyJealousGuy: Kills Eirene's poor lover, who was very kind, polite, and respectful to him.
* DeliberateValuesDissonance: Pullo is a war rapist and multiple murderer but is presented as heroic because he is a loyal friend to Vorenus. Raping the enemy's women was completely normal behavior for Roman legionnaires.
* EvenBadMenLoveTheirMamas: Pullo is a brutish soldier and an occasional murderer-for-hire (though not without his better moments), but he honors his slave mother's memory.
* TheGamblingAddict: Lampshaded by Vorenus in season two.
* GladiatorGames: Pullo is sentenced to fight and die in the arena. After being provoked he kills five of the gladiators instead in a CrowningMomentOfAwesome.
* HappilyMarried: To Eirene. Even though he [[spoiler:killed the man she loved in a fit of rage.]]
* HeterosexualLifePartners: With Vorenus.
* HeroicBSOD: Pullo has one towards the end of Season One when Vorenus rejects him.
** And another one following [[spoiler: Eirene]]'s death.
%%* HotBlooded
* IntergenerationalFriendship: With Octavian.
* InterplayOfSexAndViolence: With Gaia as they come close to a NotIfTheyEnjoyedItRationalization.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Despite his extremely questionable morals and violent nature, he is very loyal and is very good with children. At least to children of his friends. He also acts as a mentor to Octavian, teaching him to behave more "like a man".
* LoveableSexManiac: He REALLY enjoys women.
* LoveAtFirstSight: To Eirene.
* MaleFrontalNudity: In season two.
* MajorInjuryUnderreaction: You done with flogging me? I was just beginning to enjoy it...
* MurderTheHypotenuse: He is only ably to marry Eirene after he kills her betrothed.
* NominalHero: An affable friend and ally who'd do anything for those he cares about. He's also capable of grotesque violence and murder without a second thought or a twinge of conscience. Lampshaded when Vorenus is asked to sum up his character.
-->'''Cleopatra''': Is he a good man?
-->'''Vorenus''': Define "good."
* OddCouple: With Vorenus.
* ProfessionalKiller: Becomes one when Vorenus throws him out of his home. It's a FallenOnHardTimesJob.
* RedOniBlueOni: Is the red to Lucius's blue, at first. In the second season, the roles are surprisingly reversed.
* ScrewTheMoneyIHaveRules: [[spoiler: Cicero]] attempts to buy Pullo when he is sent to assassinate him, but Pullo declines the offer and does the job, even though he admires the man and doesn't hide it.
-->[[spoiler:'''Cicero''']]: I have a great deal of money. I don't suppose...
-->'''Pullo''': Sorry. Normally I'd be tempted, but you're far too important. Imagine the fuss! I get back and I haven't done my job!
* UndyingLoyalty: To Vorenus. There's really nothing Pullo wouldn't do for him. His wife even lampshades it, complaining that he loves Vorenus more than he loves her.
* UnstoppableRage: Once you get him angry you will regret it.
* UnwittingInstigatorOfDoom: Pullo's gambling related troubles and antagonisms lead to a brawl in front of the Senate which begins to topple the Republic when it becomes a political incident. Later, he gets Cleopatra pregnant and that sets the stage for her downfall.

!Niobe of the Voreni


->''"I don't want people dying in my house!"''

Vorenus' wife through an ArrangedMarriage and mother of two daughters, [[OneSteveLimit both named Vorena]]. At the start of the series she has been in charge of the Voreni household for eight years while her husband was at war in Gaul. She also has a son from her brother in-law who she tries to pass off as her eldest daughter's when Vorenus returns home. Played by Creator/IndiraVarma.

* [[AloofBigBrother Aloof Big Sister]]: To Lyde.
%%* ApronMatron
* ArrangedMarriage: How [[HappilyArrangedMarriage happy]] is debatable.
* DrivenToSuicide: [[spoiler: After Vorenus discovers her secret in the first season finale.]]
* TheGloriousWarOfSisterlyRivalry: She's usually at odds with her sister, not least due to having had an affair with her brother-in-law.
* [[GoodAdulteryBadAdultery Good Adultery]]: She was told her husband was dead.
* GorgeousPeriodDress: Even makes them herself.
%%* {{Housewife}}
* {{Irony}}: [[spoiler: Guess who ended going against that quote?]]
* StuffedIntoTheFridge: [[spoiler: Technically [[DrivenToSuicide voluntary]], although she would have probably been targeted by Erastes Fulmen if she had survived anyway. Her death sets Vorenus' plotline for Season 2.]]
* TeenPregnancy: Niobe was only 13 when she married and had children. This was the norm in Roman times.
* YourCheatingHeart: Believing Vorenus to be dead she slept with her sister's husband. [[spoiler: Lucius was conceived from this encounter]]



->''"[[YouNoTakeCandle I'm plegant!]] Whatever you call it!"''

A Germanic slave that Vorenus and Pullo rescue from a band of Pompeian soldiers early in Season 1. Pullo is instantly infatuated with her, and after a while he has her freed and marries her. Played by Chiara Mastalli.

* [[BettyAndVeronica Betty]]: To Gaia's Veronica.
* CuteMute: She seems mute at first, but this is really just a combination of being TheQuietOne and her limited knowledge of Latin.
* [[spoiler:DeathByChildbirth: Dies as a result of blood loss when she miscarries. Subverted though as it was a result of Gaia secretly giving her silphium which was a (now extinct) plant used to induce abortion back in ancient times.]]
* DistressedDamsel: How she is introduced.
* KillTheCutie: Courtesy of Gaia.
* LongestPregnancyEver: Because of [[ScrewedByTheNetwork HBO's decision]] to cancel the show in the second season, the writing team had to compact the story lines planned for the second, third ''and'' fourth seasons into one in order to give the story some closure. This led to Eirene remaining pregnant during historical events that happened over the span of two whole years.
%%* MadeASlave
* OnlyKnownByTheirNickname: It's not until the very last episode she is in that her real name is revealed - Adela. In RealLife, the Romans used to give the slaves new names based on their perceived qualities. Eirene in particular is Greek for "peace".
* TheRival: To Gaia.
* WhatTheHellIsThatAccent: Her Germanic origins are not revealed until the last episode she's in.
* YouNoTakeCandle: Learns to speak Latin but not perfectly.

!The Voreni Children

[[PlanetOfSteves Vorena the Elder, Vorena the Younger and Lucius]]. [[CaptainObvious All of them named after Lucius Vorenus]].

* BrattyTeenageDaughter: Vorena the Elder.
* DefiledForever: Vorenus refuses to find a husband for elder Vorena, as he believes that anyone who would accept a former prostitute would not be worthy of her.
* DespairEventHorizon: [[spoiler: Niobe's death, followed almost immediately by Erastes Fulmen taking and selling them as slaves.]]
* FamilyThemeNaming: As was custom at the time both of Vorenus' daughters were named for him (Vorena the Elder and Vorena the Younger). Baby Lucius has his grandfather's (actually stepfather's) first name and presumably cognomen as well.
* HotBlooded: Young Lucius is always eager for a fight.
* LikeFatherLikeSon: When elder Vorena refuses to forgive her father, she tells Pullo that it was her father who taught her to be so hard and uncompromising. Pullo can only agree.
* MadeASlave: By Erastes Fulmen.
* TheMole: Elder Vorena becomes one for Memmio to spite her father.
* NotAllowedToGrowUp: Because of HBO's screwing the second season. Otherwise the younger Voreni would have been recast at least once per season to account for the time passed.
* OneSteveLimit: The Vorenas. This was very common back in Ancient Rome, women's name would be the feminine version of their father's.
* [[TheQuietOne The Quiet Ones]]: Only Vorena the Elder, played by British actress Coral Amiga had real lines. The younger children were played by Italian actors that didn't know English.
* SexSlave: Vorena the Elder in season two.
* StepfordSmiler: She pretends to love her father, but eventually the facade cracks.
* TakingTheVeil: Vorena the Elder towards the end of the series.
* ThisIsUnforgivable: None of them forgive Vorenus for killing their mother, though it's implied they reconcile at the end.



->''"Your husband is a damn fool! You hear me?! He is a fool!"''

Niobe's younger sister and barren wife to Greek fishmonger Evander. Played by Esther Hall.

* AnnoyingYoungerSibling: To Niobe.
* DespairEventHorizon: [[spoiler: First is Evander's death, and then she and her nephews are made slaves.]]
* TheGloriousWarOfSisterlyRivalry: Is (quite reasonably) upset with Niobe.
* LawOfInverseFertility: She can't conceive. Her sister has an affair with her husband and ends up pregnant, giving birth to a son none the less.
* MadeASlave: By Erastes Fulmen.
* TakingTheVeil: Her way of coping with the tragedies she's suffered.
%%* WomanScorned

!Evander Pulchio

Lyde's husband, a Greek fish dealer. [[spoiler: Pullo and Octavian kill him secretly to protect the Voreni honor.]] Played by Enzo Cilenti.

* ColdBloodedTorture: [[spoiler: Gets his thumbs cut-off]] before he dies.
%%* LawOfInverseFertility
* NeverFoundTheBody: Because they threw his body in the sewer.
* PrepareToDie: Octavian advises him, unemotionally, that his choices are immediate death or slow, agonizing death.
* YourCheatingHeart: Cheats on his wife with his sister-in-law.


[[folder:Julii Household]]

![[UsefulNotes/JuliusCaesar Gaius Julius Caesar]]


->''"Our men must win or die. Pompey's men have... other options."''

The famous Roman general and stateman turned dictator. Played by Creator/CiaranHinds.

* AccidentalHero: Saved Vorenus' family from Erastes Fulmen when he came by to offer him a place as his candidate for magistrate.
* AntagonistInMourning: "HE WAS A CONSUL OF ROME!". Caesar when presented with Pompey's head
* AsskickingEqualsAuthority: One of the reasons why he rose to such power.
%%* BadassCape
* BloodOnTheDebateFloor: His famous death.
* {{Chessmaster}}: Subverted as he lets his empathy get in the way.
* TheChosenOne: He gains this status by bribing the CorruptChurch.
* CultureClash: The Egyptians present him with the head of Pompey thinking they are going to gain his favor. Caesar is enraged instead.
* DarkSecret: Caesar has epilepsy and is terrified that anyone might find about it. This is because [[DeliberateValuesDissonance according to Roman tradition]] epilepsy was a result of having been cursed by the Gods, and the people would refuse to being led by a man subject to it.
* EasilyForgiven: Caesar can be ruthless but manages to fit this trope fairly well. He spares Vorenus and Pullo several times and his response to Brutus and Cicero trying to surrender is to hug them, apologise to Brutus while kissing his cheek, beg them to tell him that Pompey, an even bigger enemy, is still alive, and then, drag them off to have food since it must have been awhile since they had a decent meal. More than one character points out that forgiving people is Caesar's shtick, doing double duty as a way to be seen as a ReasonableAuthorityFigure and to make people beholden to him.
** According to the DVDCommentary this was also a way of humiliating his enemies, given Roman values (if he'd clapped Brutus and Cicero in chains, it would have shown them as {{Worthy Opponent}}s).
* EstablishingCharacterMoment: He privately mourns the death of his daughter, then says "Pompey will need a new wife". It shows his political mindedness and tendency to use people as pawns.
* EtTuBrute: Might not have said the words, but his eyes told it anyway.
* FamousLastWords: "Get your hand off me."
* FatalFlaw
** {{Pride}} - "It's only Hubris if I fail".
** HorribleJudgeOfCharacter - Underestimating Brutus.
* FatherToHisMen: TruthInTelevision. Caesar took great care of his soldiers and knew many of them by name. They followed him out of love, not duty.
%%* FourStarBadass
* LikeASonToMe: Octavian. Brutus as well.
* ManlyTears: He cries while conducting [[AntagonistInMourning Pompey's funeral]].
* NiceToTheWaiter: He's friendly to his slave servants.
* NotSoStoic: Caesar often appears warm and genial but even that is just part of his image. He finally loses his cool when Vorenus informs him he refused to capture Pompey.
* PhotoOpWithTheDog: He's beloved by the people of Rome
* ThePlan: Engages in one of these.
* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: Acts like one when the situation calls for it.
* RousingSpeech: Julius Caesar's speech just before he marches on the walled capital Rome with only an armed gang. And wins.
* SleazyPolitician: Nothing too bad, barely par for the course. Caesar liberally bribes, spins the truth and manipulates people on his way to the top.
* ShutUpHannibal: To Ptolemy XIII in "Caesarion".
* TyrantTakesTheHelm: Played with. Caesar becoming Dictator for Life is a nightmare for hard-line Republicans and the reason for his assassination, but the edict is greeted with indifference by ordinary citizens and the show itself doesn't paint Caesar in a bad, despotic light. The discussion wether he was a tyrant or not becomes a crucial point in the aftermath of his demise.
* UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans: How his actions are justified.
* YouShouldKnowThisAlready: He's going to die.
* YourCheatingHeart: Cheats on his wife with Servilia, and is so infatuated with his mistress that he stalls his war with Pompey. The affair only stops because it is publically revealed, and she threatens to divorce him. Later cheats again with Cleopatra.

![[UsefulNotes/{{Augustus}} Gaius Octavian]]


->''"It's not the killing. It is the waving about of swords I find tedious. I dare say I can kill people readily enough, as long as they're not fighting back."''

One of the main protagonists. A brilliant yet antisocial young man who through years of manipulation, becomes Rome's first emperor. Played by Max Pirkis in his teenage years and by Simon Woods as a young adult.


* BastardBoyfriend: He bluntly admits to Livia that he is going to hit her before they are married because that excites him sexually. [[InvertedTrope He ends discovering that he is more excited if Livia hits him instead]].
* BreakTheCutie: It happens, but he becomes much stronger ([[NoSympathy and more ruthless]]) as a result.
* BrotherSisterIncest: With Octavia.
* BrutalHonesty: One of his trademarks.
* TheChessmaster: Another of his trademarks.
* DeadpanSnarker: Frequently engages in this, giving him some of the best one-liners on the show.
* EvenBadMenLoveTheirMamas: Subverted when he becomes an adult in the second season, and regards Atia with contempt. But after everything she's done to him, it's completely understandable.
* EvenEvilHasStandards:
** While he is perfectly willing to kill innocent people, he does hate adultery as a deplorable vice.
** He's also loyal to his friends, probably because he doesn't make friends easily.
* FauxAffablyEvil
-->'''Octavian''': I was all sweetness and light with her. Charm itself.
-->'''Maecenas''': Yes. That is your most disheartening manner.
* FromNobodyToNightmare
-->'''Agrippa:''' He's a powerful man.
-->'''Octavia:''' So everyone says, I cannot believe it -- my little brother.
-->'''Agrippa:''' Your little brother has an army ten thousand strong.
* HappilyArrangedMarriage: Octavian and Livia seem to fit this trope, in a very twisted version of it.
* HistoricalBeautyUpdate: While Roman historians said he was handsome, the real Augustus was short, swarthy, and thin, had a few rotting teeth, and had a unibrow, according to Suetonius.
-->'''Suetonius: The Twelve Caesars'': "[Augustus's] teeth were small, few, and decayed; his hair, light and rather curly; his eyebrows met above the nose; he had ears of moderate size, a nose projecting a little at the top and then bending inward, and a complexion intermediate between dark and fair. Julius Marathus, Augustus' freedman and recorder, makes his height 5 feet 7 inches; but this was an exaggeration, although, with body and limbs so beautifully proportioned, one did not realize how small a man he was, unless someone tall stood close to him."
* InfoDump: A great deal of Roman politics are revealed through Octavian.
* IntergenerationalFriendship: With Titus Pullo. An OddFriendship too, since Pullo is impulsive and visceral, while Octavian is even more self-controlled and cerebral than Vorenus.
* InterplayOfSexAndViolence: With his wife Livia.
* JustTheFirstCitizen
-->'''Atia''': My congratulations, you're good as king now.
-->'''Octavian''': Not king, merely First Citizen.
* LegacyCharacter: Sees himself as this after Caesar names him adoptive son and sole heir in his will.
* LonelyAtTheTop: Played with. His mother and sister pretty much hate him by the end of the series. He values his relationship with Pullo and Vorenus (especially the former) to a touching degree but it comes off as mostly one-sided. He does have a supportive wife and TrueCompanions Maecenas and Agrippa by his side though.
* LoveAtFirstSight: With Livia.
* ManipulativeBastard: One of the best of the series.
* MistakenForGay: He helps [[SecretKeeper Posca]] take Caesar [[LampshadeHanging into a closet]] to attend him while Caesar is having a seizure so nobody else sees it. Later, Atia sees Octavian and Caesar getting out of the closet and thinks that her son and uncle are having an affair... and [[DeliberateValuesDissonance she is delighted with the idea]] since it could [[EvilMatriarch provide her with more power]].
* NoSympathy: None towards anyone.
* NonActionGuy: Octavian just isn't fit to be a warrior. So he manipulates the warrior-types into killing each other.
* ThePatriarch: Turns into this when Caesar dies.
* ThePlan: Very good at this.
* RedOniBlueOni: Blue to Mark Antony's Red.
* SecretKeeper: After he discovers that Caesar has epilepsy.
* [[FamilyThemeNaming Sibling Theme Naming]]: His sister is named Octavia. This was common Roman custom, as seen in the Voreni example listed before.
* SmartPeoplePlayChess: Octavian plays a chess-like game in his final scene.
* TheStoic: Rarely emotes and barely cracks a smile and talks in a complete monotone.
* TimeShiftedActor: Max Pirkis played Octavian as a child but was too young to portray him as a man in his twenties so in season two he is replaced by Simon Woods.
* TookALevelInJerkass: By the time he returns to Rome, he appears to have transitioned into an unsympathetic villain.
* TrueCompanions: With Maecenas and Agrippa.
* UnderestimatingBadassery: Though perhaps here better called 'Underestimating [[MagnificentBastard Magnificent Bastardry]]'. In particular, the entire second season consists of people dismissing Octavian as a threat because of his 'youth and inexperience' only to find themselves outmaneuvered, marginalized, and often dead.
* WiseBeyondTheirYears: Has an almost frightening grasp of political strategies.
%%* VillainProtagonist
* XanatosSpeedChess: Octavian's best tactic. He even uses this to become the first emperor.
%%* YoungConqueror
* YoungFutureFamousPeople: At the start of the series.

!Mark Antony


->''"I shall be a good politician. Even if it kills me. [[ImpliedDeathThreat Or if it kills anyone else]], for that matter."''

Julius Caesar's right hand man and a talented soldier and politician in his own right, though he is hampered by his many flaws. In the aftermath of Caesar's death, he is one of the most powerful men in Rome, putting him in direct conflict with Octavian, Caesar's heir. Played by James Purefoy.

* AffablyEvil: A hate-filled man of rapacious and self-aggrandizing instincts, but he's quite genial. His methods of intimidation, in particular, are always of the iron-fist-in-the-velvet-glove type.
* AnythingThatMoves: As he puts it, "I'm not rising from this bed until I've fucked someone." See the note for ReallyGetsAround.
* ArrangedMarriage: Marries Octavia to secure a partnership with Octavian.
* BadassBoast: Mark Antony buggers boys like Octavian for his morning snack, meaningfully understates his masterful speech as "I got a bit carried away" and "has an angry mob that will roast and eat your 'men of quality' in the ashes of the Senate House!"
* BeardOfSorrow: Mark Antony grows a beard after Octavian crushes his rebellion. According to historical account, this actually happened.
* BelligerentSexualTension: With both Atia and Cleopatra.
* BerserkButton: Too many to count. Telling him that "A woman's role always suited you best" is probably the one to avoid.
* BetterToDieThanBeKilled: Famously commits suicide rather than be killed by Octavian.
* BloodKnight: Lampshaded by Caesar in his first scene, when Brutus asks why he keeps such a vulgar man around. "He likes to fight."
* BreadAndCircus: Trying to invoke a ZeroPercentApprovalRate, he cuts off grain shipments from Egypt to Rome for pragmatic reasons, knowing the common people will blame Octavian for the lack of food.
* BrilliantButLazy: When he puts his mind to it, he can be almost as cunning, charismatic, and dominating as the next man, but he usually doesn't bother to try, preferring to indulge in some vice or another.
%%* ByronicHero
* ChewingTheScenery: He has his moments. Consider the below example between himself and Cassius, having essentially ordered the latter and Brutus out of Rome.
-->'''Cassius''': ''[sneering]'' You may wish as you will. We yet have all the Senate behind us and all the men of quality. ''[Antony slowly walks over to him]''
-->'''Antony''': And ''I'' have an angry mob, that will ''roast'' and ''EAT'' your "men of quality" '''''IN THE ASHES OF THE SENATE HOUSE!'''''
* CoitusUninterruptus: Happens occasionally.
* CountryMatters: Wholeheartedly embraces this trope, to the point that "Juno's cunt!" is his {{catchphrase}}.
* DaChief: To Vorenus.
* DeadGuyOnDisplay: Along with Cleopatra during the series finale.
* DeadpanSnarker: Antony can be very witty and flippant, and is fond of snide comments.
* DemocracyIsBad: Antony plays the elections card when negotiating the aftermath of Caesar's assassination. The conspirators are horrified as they would have to validate their taken for granted powers. They reach a compromise and no democracy is needed.
* DissonantSerenity: During the Battle of Philippi, Octavian is peering into the dust kicked up by two virtually identical Roman armies slogging it out hand-to-hand.
-->'''Octavian:''' What's going on?
-->'''Antony:''' ''([[TheSnackIsMoreInteresting casually munching on some bread]])'' Noooo idea.
* TheDragon: To Caesar.
%%* DudeWheresMyRespect
* DyingAsYourself: In Roman attire and by a proper Roman sword.
* EnemyMine: Teams up with Octavian against the senatorial forces.
* EstablishingCharacterMoment: Strolling into Caesar's tent covered in blood, bantering with Brutus, and then, when given a mission to accomplish on a strict budget, unabashedly [[StealingFromTheTill stealing half the money anyway]]. One of his first outdoor activities has him fornicating with a peasant while his guards watch and his cohorts wait.
* EvenEvilHasStandards: As much of a depraved and horrid man he can be, he is blatantly disgusted with Atia for her selfish opportunism and her attempt to manipulate him into betraying Caesar and taking over Rome for her wishes. He scornfully calls her a "wicked old harpy" for this.
* EvilVersusEvil: His conflict against Octavian.
%%* FourStarBadass
* GoingNative: In Egypt, with the pertinent debaucheries attached to the post.
* {{Guyliner}}: When he's in Egypt. This is presented as ExcessiveEvilEyeshadow by the propagandists.
* HairTriggerTemper: As quite a few people find out the hard way.
%%* HandsomeLech
%%* HotBlooded
* IBangedYourMom
-->'''Octavian:''' I see you're still the same crude, arrogant lech you always were. ''(strides out)''
-->'''Antony''': That's right, just the same. AND STILL FUCKING YOUR MOTHER!!
* ImpliedDeathThreat: A RunningGag with the character.
* ItHasBeenAnHonor: In a bittersweet touch, Antony is surprised when Vorenus says goodbye to him with those parting words.
-->'''Antony''' Has it?
%%* JerkAss
* MaleFrontalNudity: A season one episode has Vorenus being summoned to speak to him while he (Antony) is being cleaned with oil, buck naked.
* ManipulativeBastard: While he usually prefers a blunt approach, he outmaneuvers everyone during the eulogies of Caesar and gets to control Rome in the aftermath.
* MyMasterRightOrWrong: Playful example with Caesar. Atia tries to turn Antony into TheStarscream but it backfires for her when Antony realizes out loud "what a wicked old harpy you (Atia) really are".
* NoHoldsBarredBeatdown: Twice; one in the Roman Senate and another in Egypt. He doesn't stop until the offender is dead.
* NotSoDifferent: From Vorenus of all people, in Egypt they talk about their byronesque/doomed shared nature
-->'''Vorenus:''' You're no coward, but you do have a strong disease in your soul. It will eat away at you until you die [...] I recognize the symptoms, I have the same sickness.
* ThePurge: After he makes peace with Octavian, Mark Antony hands him a loooooong list of Roman citizens he wants slaughtered. The next day he comes up with more names, as he's got so many enemies it takes a while to remember them all.
%%* RatedMForManly
* ReallyGetsAround: Atia demands that when they marry he will get rid of all slaves (male and female) he has bedded.
* RedOniBlueOni: Red to Octavian's Blue. Which is funny considering when they reluctantly choose to have an alliance (what is to be the Second Triumvirate), Octavian wears the standard red-and-gold Roman armor while Mark Antony wears custom blue-and-white armor.
* RousingSpeech: Subverted for Antony's speech after Caesar's funeral (the one that became known as Shakespeare's famed, although entirely fictional, "Friends, Romans, countrymen" speech). We see the results of his speech, and even have several characters describe what happened, but none of the actual speech is shown or heard.
* ShootTheMessenger: Or beat his brains out with the scroll he was reading from.
* SleazyPolitician: Makes no secret of it either.
* SlouchOfVillainy: He's visibly bored and laid-back when he's presiding over senatorial sessions.
* UndyingLoyalty: To Caesar. Antony gets furious when Atia suggests he switch to Pompeii's side when they think Caesar is going to lose. And he is even ''more'' furious when [[spoiler: Caesar is murdered by Brutus and the others]].
* TheUnfavourite: He led Caesar's armies, held Rome when he was away and became Consul in the Senate for Caesar. [[spoiler: This counts for nothing and he is clearly hurt when he finds out that Caesar left everything to Octavian and nothing to him. The issue remains a sore point between him and Octavian.]]
%%* VillainousBreakdown
%%* VillainProtagonist
* VillainWithGoodPublicity: Cuts off the grain supplies to Rome, but the people blame Octavian instead. Octavian has to engineer the circumstances that turn the people against him.
* WackyFratboyHijinks: In Egypt. This being ''Series/{{Rome}}'', they are taken UpToEleven.
* YouShouldKnowThisAlready: Antony and Cleopatra hook up, but it doesn't end well.

!Atia of the Julii


-> ''"I know who you are. I can see you. You are swearing now that some day... some day you will destroy me... Remember, far better women than you have sworn to do the same. Go and look for them now."''

Caesar's niece and mother to Octavian and Octavia, plus long-time lover of Mark Antony. Atia is an extremely ambitious and EvilMatriarch supreme that stops almost at nothing to get what she wants. She's the real power force in the Julian household... at least, until Octavian grows old enough to overrule her. Played by Polly Walker.

* [[AbusiveParents Abusive Parent]]: Especially to Octavia, at first.
* BackhandedCompliment: Her habit of doing this is lampshaded by her daughter quite early in the series.
* BadassBoast: Besides the quote, there is also "By the five Furies, if I was not a gentle woman, I would have you flayed, and hung from a bracket at the door!"
* BelligerentSexualTension: With Mark Antony.
* BiggerIsBetterInBed: Firm believer in this.
* BloodBath: In the first episode Atia takes a shower in the blood pouring down from a slaughtered bull during a ritual to ensure the safe traveling of her son to Gaul.
* BreakTheHaughty: By the end of the series her son is the most powerful man in the known world and will remain that to the day he dies, in part because of her constant scheming and her upbringing of him. Yet the love of her life has abandoned her and then committed suicide, and BitchInSheepsClothing Livia has surpassed her in influence over and respect from Octavian. Plus, Octavian himself now seems to take a sadistic pleasure in making his mother quietly suffer, and will no doubt ensure she lives by the standards of a proper Roman matron (i.e. ''his'' rules) from now on.
* {{Chessmaster}}: She likes to think she's this, but since her plans fail at least half the time and she seems to act on whim a lot, she's more of a SmugSnake.
%%* ClingyJealousGirl
* CoitusUninterruptus: With Antony a few times.
%%* ControlFreak
* DeliberateValuesDissonance: These don't manage (nor aim) to make Atia sympathetic to the viewer, but they do make her an unexpectedly funny character. Examples include nonchalantly discussing how the family should commit mass suicide, being overjoyed when thinking that her son and uncle have an incestuous affair or threatening to have her son's books burned if he doesn't go to a brothel and loses his virginity.
* DisproportionateRetribution: I don't like that Plebeian friend of my daughter. She's a bad influence. [[spoiler: Let's have her entire family murdered, her house sacked and the poor girl gang raped.]]
* EstablishingCharacterMoment: Parading around naked in front of her son.
* EvenEvilHasStandards: Is utterly appalled by her son's actions throughout the series, ranging from having incest to disgracing Octavia and knowingly humiliating her in front of Mark Antony.
* EvilIsPetty: "And your [husband's] slaves, what a fuss [over you divorcing him]! I swear you must be feeding them too much!
* EvilMatriarch: Atia is the epitome of this trope, at least according to modern values. When judged by Roman values, it is clear that her action, even the most ruthless ones, are done out of a genuine concern for her children's survival in the cut-throat world of ancient Roman politics.
%%* EvilRedhead
* FauxAffablyEvil: Atia can be incredibly charming and friendly to mortal enemies and people she is planning to torture and murder (namely Servilia). She can masterfully deliver lines such as "eat shit and die" in a pleasant manner, because to Atia, it would be a weakness to show anger in front of a foe. In private however, she is more passional and genuine.
%%* FemmeFatale
* [[GodSaveUsFromTheQueen Fortune Save Us From The Queen]]: One has to conclude she'd be this, if Mark Antony had gone with her plan of marrying her and proclaiming himself king.
%%* GreenEyedMonster
* GorgeousPeriodDress: Wears several of them.
* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: Atia is portrayed as seductive, manipulative and evil. There's absolutely no historical evidence for this; Tacitus actually describes her as a pious, devoted mother and an ideal Roman matron. Oh, and her enmity with Livia was invented by the series, too; by the time Octavian had met and married Livia, Atia had been ''dead for five years!''
%%* IdleRich
%%* ItsAllAboutMe
%%* {{Jerkass}}
* KarmaHoudini: Has her ex-son-in-law murdered. Has a rich pleb girl's family killed and she gang-raped and reduced to poverty. She sort of gets her comeuppance when Octavian arranges from Antony to marry Octavia instead of her like she wanted.
* LadyMacbeth: Mostly to Mark Antony, but a rather ineffective one.
* ManipulativeBitch: Hands down one of the best.
* MomentofAwesome: In the final episode of the second season when she puts her son's wife Livia in her place.
* MyBelovedSmother: Towards both her children but fails to be this to Octavian once he's grown up.
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: When Atia realizes towards the end of the second season what a cold-hearted and cruel monster Octavian has become, she spends last episode reflecting on what a [[UsedToBeASweetKid good honest boy he was when he was young]]. It finally sinks in to Atia that the manipulation and things she forced him to do throughout his life for her own selfish aims is what caused her son to become what he is now.
** Atia:''"He wasn't like that as child, he was good honest boy. I don't know what happened....I'm to blame probably."
* ObviouslyEvil: As nice as Polly Walker can be to the eyes, she plain looks evil when dressing as a Roman patrician woman.
* PetTheDog: She does show genuine care for her children, even if she is always putting them in the middle of her petty schemes. She appears to be more sympathetic towards Octavia in the latter half of Season 2, during her VillainousBreakdown.
%%* RichBitch
* ShutUpHannibal: A rare villainous example, but she does deliver one to Livia. Though by this time, Atia's status as a villain has [[IneffectualSympatheticVillain decayed]].
* TheRival: To Servilia, Livia, Calpurnia (arguable UnknownRival in this case) and even Cleopatra herself. In short, Atia doesn't like any other woman that dares to seem capable of gaining prominence in the Julian household.
%%* SmugSnake
* SparedByTheAdaptation: The real-life Atia died only a year after her uncle, Julius Caesar.
* StealthInsult: A RunningGag with the character, and lampshaded by her daughter. Atia can't seem to praise someone without putting them down in the same breath.
-->Thank you, daughter. I really appreciate these little chats we have in between your drug binges.
%%* TheVamp
* VirginShaming: Atia firmly believes in this. Which is why she arranges for Octavian to visit a brothel, so that he can become a real man.
* WomanScorned: She takes offense on Cleopatra for stealing Antony and pits Octavian against them (even more).
* YouJustToldMe: By Atia to expose Octavia's relationship to Agrippa.

!Octavia of the Julii


->''"Please, Castor, let mother [kill me]! [[DeadpanSnarker I won't deny her one last pleasure]]. It would be undaughterly."''

Octavian's older sister and {{Woobie}} supreme of the series. Being the only woman of marrying age in the family makes her the perfect UnwittingPawn of Atia and later Octavian to gain political influence. Played by Creator/KerryCondon.

* ADateWithRosiePalms: There's a scene where she masturbates in bed when she becomes attracted to Servilia. She tries "praying the gay away" the next morning
* ArrangedMarriage: [[spoiler:Set up with Pompey and actually gone through with Antony]]
* BiTheWay: With Servilia in season one.
* [[BigBrotherInstinct Big Sister Instinct]]: Most prominent when she rushes to comfort Octavian after he's choked by Antony, holding him while she screams at the older man and calls him an animal for his treatment of her brother. [[spoiler: Sadly, it doesn't last, and by the end of the series she appears to despise him for his setting up of her and Atia to be humiliated by Antony.]]
* Buttmonkey: of the Julii
* BrattyTeenageDaughter: [[MyBelovedSmother Atia]] hilariously sees her as this.
-->'''Octavia:''' Mother I would rather it were not you who killed me. If you have no objections.
-->'''Atia:''' Why ever not? You can't still be angry with me!
%%* BreakTheCutie
* BrotherSisterIncest: Servilia encourages her to do this in order to get Octavian to reveal secrets about Caesar. She does sleep with him but he sees right through the ruse.
* DeadpanSnarker: Runs in the family.
* FamilyThemeNaming: As was custom at the time. She and her brother Octavian had a father named Octavian. In season two her daughter's name is Antonia (though it's unclear if Antony is the father, or if Agrippa is).
* FunctionalAddict: Smokes drugs (possibly hashish or opium) during one low point.
* HappilyMarried: To Glabius. Atia of course has them divorced [[spoiler: and ultimately Glabius killed.]]
* HeroicBSOD: More than once.
* MamasBabyPapasMaybe: Her baby either belongs to Mark Antony or Agrippa.
* MoralityPet: To Servilia, who refuses to let her hired assassin kill Octavia even after their relationship has felt apart.
%%* LookingForLoveInAllTheWrongPlaces
%%* NiceGirl
* StarCrossedLovers: With Agrippa
* TokenGoodTeamMate: Though she becomes darker and more cynical as the show goes on.
* UnwittingInstigatorOfDoom: Octavia turns out to be indirectly responsible for the deaths of Julius Caesar and [[spoiler:Niobe.]] [[BiTheWay Seduced]] by Servilia, Octavia asks Octavian to tell her some secret that she can pass to Servilia and the Pompeiian camp (they, of course, expecting it to be about Caesar) but all Octavian tells her is Vorenus' wife's affair. Servilia initially dismisses this piece of information but it becomes useful when Vorenus becomes Caesar's glorified bodyguard, and is used to drive him away from Caesar so Brutus and co. can kill him, unleashing the whole second round of war and political assassinations. Meanwhile, Vorenus confronts Niobe [[spoiler: and she kills herself out of honor.]] [[FromBadToWorse It only gets worse.]] [[spoiler:With Caesar dead, Vorenus is also vulnerable and Erastes Fulmen goes to his house to kill him. However, since Vorenus is out to bury his wife, he only finds his children and sister-in-law there, and he enslaves them to get back at Vorenus.]]

!Livia Drusilla


->''"Oh, I don't mind really, but it is really I who should go first. If you consult the priests, I'll think you'll find the wife takes precedence."''

Octavian's wife, a smart, no-nonsense young patrician girl who has no fear of challenging Atia. Played by Alice Henley.

%%* BitchInSheepsClothing
* EvilCounterpart: To Octavia. To her family (and especially her mother), Octavia is little more than a tool that can be used to forge political alliances and gain more power. Livia also marries for power, like Octavia, but it's her who decides to do so, and her mother does not control her in the least. Once married, Octavia is submissive and lets her husband decide [[LieBackAndThinkOfEngland what to do with her]], while Livia soon reins Octavian in.
* InterplayOfSexAndViolence: Oh yes. Octavian warns her before their marriage that he will beat her for sexual pleasure. Turns out he gets even more turned on by her beating him.
* PerfectlyArrangedMarriage: Neither she nor Octavian are very nice, but they seem like a very good match. In real life, Livia and Octavian were seen as the model Roman couple.
* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech: She receives a brief but powerful one from Atia in the final scene, and you tell it hit the mark. See the Awesome page.
* TheRival: Takes Servilia's place as Atia's. It's a pity the series was cancelled early.


->"She is a species of statue."
-->'''Posca''', about Calpurnia

Caesar's wife. Played by Haydn Gwynne.

* ArrangedMarriage: Perfectly normal for a Roman woman, particularly a noblewoman, but not great when your husband has a libido you could hold up a house with.
* ChuckCunninghamSyndrome. Calpurnia is seen last in the season 2 premiere.
* HonorBeforeReason: Will not leave Rome until Caesar's will has been read even as people could very well be looking to kill her.
* MySignificanceSenseIsTingling: She senses danger as the Ides drew near.
* SpitefulSpit: Calpurnia spits at Servilia's face when they finally meet.



->''"The Roman people are not crying out for clean elections. They are crying out for jobs. They are crying out for clean water, for food, for stability and peace."''

An old, wise and educated Greek slave owned by Caesar, who he tutored when he was young. Nowadays he acts as his personal manservant, counsilor and confident. He is free to speak his mind, which includes a lot of [[ServileSnarker snark]]. Played by Nicholas Woodeson.

* AlmightyButler: To Caesar.
* TheConsigliere: Continues to play this role to Antony even after Caesar dies and frees him in his will.
%%* CoolOldGuy
* HappinessInSlavery: In fairness he is a very well cared for slave.
* HypercompetentSidekick: Acts as Rome's de facto executive power under Antony, who is bored by most of the things related to statemanship.
%%* NonActionGuy
%%* NiceGuy
* PerfectlyArrangedMarriage: Somewhat unexpectedly with [[spoiler:Jocasta]]. Triples as UglyGuyHotWife and MayDecemberRomance.
* ScrewThisImOutOfHere: When Atia and Octavia briefly show up in Egypt, he and Jocasta take the change to quietly slip away to their boat and safely escape back home to Rome.
* SecretKeeper: To Caesar.
* ServileSnarker: So very much.
* UndyingLoyalty: Just one word - ''"[[TearJerker Domine!]]"''. But only to Caesar, as it turns out. Once a freeman, Posca eventually betrays Antony when he realises he can't win.

!Marcus Agrippa


->''"I would go with you to Hades... [[OffendingTheCreatorsOwn to Britain even]], if I thought we had the right."''

A young, humble Roman general of rural origins and old friend to Octavian. He loves Octavia, but his loyalty to her brother will never let him pursue her. Played by Allen Leech.

* AnguishedDeclarationOfLove
-->'''Agrippa''': I know you are kind, and full-hearted, and beautiful, and I would tear down the sky for you if you asked me to.
* {{Foil}}: Agrippa and Brutus are forgiven for a past betrayal but Agrippa refuses to betray Octavian a second time, unlike Brutus did with Caesar.
%%* CountryMouse
%%* InnocentBlueEyes
* LoveAtFirstSight: Falls in love with Octavia instantly.
%%* TheMcCoy
* NiceGuy: One of the nicest characters within the series. He detests unnecessary violence such as Antony's [[ThePurge purge]] of senatorial enemies. He also instantly admits to having an affair with Octavian's sister once Octavian calls him out on it, and then promptly apologizes for doing so.
* NouveauRiche: Wasn't born into money which is a source of insecurity for him.
* NumberTwo: To Octavian.
* StarCrossedLovers: with Octavia
* TrueCompanions: With Octavian and Maecenas.
* UndyingLoyalty: to Octavian.

!Gaius Maecenas


->"A victory is no victory unless it has a song."

Another friend of Octavian and third in the PowerTrio of young men that give birth to the Roman Empire. In contrast to Agrippa, Maecenas is a politician from a wealthy urban family who has a talent for rhetoric and his own personal goals beyond those of Octavian. Played by Alex Wyndham.

* AnythingThatMoves: He was bisexual in real life and is implied to be fitting this trope very well in the series, though we never actually see him in bed with anyone.
* {{Bishonen}}: Fits the trope to a T.
* NonActionGuy: While Agrippa leads Octavian's armies in the field, Maecenas fights Octavian's battles on a different scene. Basically he runs the whole PR machine.
%%* SleazyPolitician
* TheSmartGuy: Can hold his own against Octavian.
* TokenEvilTeammate: Is the least morally scrupulous of the three. He also organizes a robbery which goes wrong when Mimeo keeps the gold.
* TrueCompanions: With Agrippa and Octavian.


Head slave of the Julii Household. Played by Manfredi Aliquo.

%%* HappinessInSlavery
%%* MookLieutenant
* SuddenlySexuality: He is suddenly revealed to be homosexual and likes young boys. This is a plot point in the series.
* UndyingLoyalty
-->'''Atia''': And then you must kill yourself. Your survival would be most unsavory.
-->'''Castor''': I would not dream of living, domina.


An old female slave to the Julii, working mostly as a handmaiden to Atia. Played by Lydia Biondi.

* HappinessInSlavery: Very devoted to Atia.
%%* OldMaid
* UndyingLoyalty: Would kill (and die) for her mistress.


The first husband of Octavia. Played by Roberto Purvis.

* HappilyMarried: To Octavia, until Atia forces a divorce on them.
%%* MurderTheHypotenuse
* MakeItLookLikeAnAccident: [[spoiler: Or a random killing in a chaotic civil war.]]

! Julia

Daughter of Caesar and the previous wife of Pompey. She served as the bridge of friendship between the two men.

* DeathByChildbirth
* MoralityChain: Julia was the only who could keep the peace between father and her husband. Everything falls apart after she dies. This is TruthInTelevision
* PerfectlyArrangedMarriage: Though she and Pompey married as an alliance between Caesar and Pompey, they eventually fell in love or at least grew to care for each other.
* PlotTriggeringDeath: Julia's death accelerates the decay of Caesar and Pompeii's friendship.

[[folder:Junii Household]]



->''"Only tyrants need worry about tyrant killers."''

A quiet and awkward young Patrician torn between doing what he believes it's right and what others expect of him - particularly his [[MommasBoy mother Servilia]] and his ParentalSubstitute, Julius Caesar. Played by Creator/TobiasMenzies.

* AFatherToHisMen: Invokes this while on the march to Philippi; while Cassius spends his time reading supply reports and complaining about the situation, Brutus prefers to while away the march talking and getting friendly with the soldiers.
-->'''Brutus''': ''[regarding soldiers]'' They're not such a bad lot, once you get to know them.
* TheAlcoholic: Hits the jar in the second season.
* CompellingVoice: When he wanted to be, he was one hell of an orator. Must have learned from Cicero.
* CrouchingMoronHiddenBadass: Starts off ignorant and uninterested in politics but when pushed too far he proves himself to be handy with a knife and capable of leading an army into battle.
* CultureClash: While trying to recruit men for a campaign against Octavian he uses the fact that he was the man that gave the last stab that killed Caesar as a BadassBoast in order to impress some Anatolian princes and make them agree to provide his army. They are disgusted instead, finding that killing an already injured man that can't defend himself is cowardly and shameful.
* DeadpanSnarker: One of his trademarks.
* DefiantToTheEnd: Brutus faces off by himself against an advancing army. He is overwhelmed but nowhere does he show fear.
* DidNotThinkThisThrough: Brutus and the other conspirators were appointed by Caesar, but presenting him as a tyrant and his murder as a tyrannicide would make all his edicts and appointments null and void, and the conspirators would lose all their power. Brutus is thus unable to justify Caesar's death to the people so they turn against him.
* DudeWheresMyRespect: After telling some Asian nobles of him dealing the death blow against Caesar, expecting to be hailed as a hero against tyranny, he is promptly laughed at by the nobles and labeled a coward for killing a man who was already fatally wounded.
* EtTuBrute: He was the perpetrator of this trope towards Caesar.
* FaceDeathWithDignity: Also a DyingMomentOfAwesome and an IronicEcho to how Caesar died.
* FamilyBusiness: Reluctantly enters politics, which has been the playfield of the Junii for the last ''500'' years.
* {{Foil}} - Brutus loves Caesar but hates his politics. Verinus has no personal affection for Caesar (and Caesar sees him as a pawn) but comes to understand that his dirty way of doing things is necessary to keep Rome running.
* GenerationXerox: His ancestor established the Roman republic after killing Rome's tyrannical king. For this reason his mother and the other conspirators are pressuring him to turn against Caesar, in order to present his death as the overthrow of a tyrant. Brutus resists for a while but Caesar too is nervous about his past and tries to have him sent elsewhere -- it proves the final straw.
* [[MyGodWhatHaveIDone Gods, What have I done?]]: After killing Caesar.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: With Cassius.
* HonorBeforeReason: Forcibly rejects the idea of poisoning Caesar.
* IgnoredEpiphany: Sort of. In late season one he feels betrayed by Caesar and gives in to his mother, going along with the plot to kill the dictator. He goes through with it, but then Antony comes in and they share a look where Brutus' guilt is written all over his face. He then cries out in agony over what he's done. However he seems to get over it rather fast, and stays allied to Cassius to the very end.
* IronicEcho: "You too, Mother?" when Servilia suggests he should join Pompey's side. In the same scene he explains to his mother that Caesar may take Rome but eventually some ambitious man would kill him...
* ItHasBeenAnHonor: Invokes this when addressing the survivors of his army after his defeat at the Battle of Philippi, before telling them to save themselves.
-->'''Brutus''': It has been an honour and a privilege leading you, and I am sorry we could not do better.
* KarmicDeath: [[spoiler: At Philippi, he is surrounded by a regiment of Caesar's veterans and stabbed to death in a manner deliberately reminiscent of the assassination]].
* MaleFrontalNudity: Hilariously became much more popular with the fanbase after he took a naked swim in season two.
%%* MommasBoy
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: His desperation after Caesar's assassination is downright heartbreaking.
* NeverFoundTheBody: Brutus's body lay among other soldiers. The only thing that indicates his identity is his ring but that gets stolen by a scavenger.
* RightBehindMe: Happens to him in "Pharsalus" while insulting Pompey. He doesn't mind.
* RichIdiotwithNoDayJob Before entering politics
%%* TragicHero
* WellDoneSonGuy: Towards both Caesar and his mother.
%%* YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters

!Servilia of the Junii


->''"Gods of the Junii, with this offering I ask you to summon Tyche, Megaera and Nemesis, so that they witness this curse. By the spirits of my ancestors, I curse Gaius Julius Caesar. Let his penis wither. Let his bones crack. Let him see his legions drown in their own blood. Gods of the inferno, I offer to you his limbs, his head, his mouth, his breath, his speech, his hands, his liver, his heart, his stomach. Gods of the inferno, let me see him suffer deeply, and I will rejoice and sacrifice to you."''

Brutus' mother and long time mistress to Julius Caesar. Servilia ''is'' a bitter and evil woman, but her dangerousness always falls one level short of her main rival's, Atia of the Julii. Played by Lindsay Duncan.

* BitchInSheepsClothing: Plays the poor victim very well but often is just as vicious and manipulative as her enemies.
* BiTheWay: With Octavia.
* CompositeCharacter: Takes traits from Porcia Catonis, Brutus' wife who is omitted in the show.
* ColdBloodedTorture: Is subjected to this at the hands of Atia.
* {{Curse}}: Throws a bunch at Caesar and Atia.
* DisproportionateRetribution: Servilia engineers the assassination of her lover Caesar after the man breaks up with her for political reasons.
%%* DrivenToSuicide
* DyingCurse: Throws it to Atia during her last rant.
* DyingMomentOfAwesome: [[spoiler:As Antony puts it, now THAT's an exit.]]
%%* EvilMatriarch
%%* EvilOldFolks
%%* EvilRedhead
* EvilVersusEvil: Her conflict with Atia.
%%* GrandeDame
* ManipulativeBitch: Though not quite on par with Atia.
* TheMistress: To Caesar.
* MyBelovedSmother: To Brutus.
* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: Much like Atia. At least the historical character was really involved in Caesar's murder, if only incidentally.
%%* IdleRich
* TheRival: To Atia.
%%* SmugSnake
* TakingYouWithMe: Her final curse against Atia involves [[spoiler: killing herself.]]
* ThanatosGambit: [[spoiler: Certainly though she was pulling one, as she killed herself as a sacrifice to curse Atia. And Atia's fortunes do take a nosedive after that...]]
* TraumaticHaircut: Atia has her men cut off Servilia's hair in public in retaliation for getting Octavia to seduce Octavian.
%%* TheVamp
* VillainousBSOD: Brutus' death.
* WickedWitch: She certainly knows creepy rituals, [[YouShouldKnowThisAlready but has no magic powers at all]]. [[RealAfterAll Or does she?]]
* WomanScorned: SO very much. Just read that quote.

!Cato the Younger


->''"Ah, so in fact this is not a humiliating defeat at all, but a rare species of victory!"''

A stubborn, staunch traditionalist senator and defender of the Republic, and as a result, a declared enemy of Caesar. Also half-brother to Servilia and uncle to Brutus. Played by Karl Johnson.

* AgeLift: The RealLife Cato was actually younger than Caesar.
%%* CommanderContrarian
%%* CoolOldGuy
* DeadpanSnarker: Just see his quote above!
* DeliberateValuesDissonance: We must save the Republic by making sure those dirty plebs don't get their hands on the government!
* DemocracyIsBad: One of his biggest problems with Caesar.
* DrivenToSuicide: Stabs himself with a bread knife.
* TheEeyore: You can always count on Cato to speak negatively, especially when matters are at their worst. He made this clear to Scipio as a short ShutUpKirk speech.
-->'''Scipio:''' Cheer up, we live. We live and where there's life, there's hope.
-->'''Cato:''' I'm afraid if we've done anything old friend, we've disproved that proverb.
%%* GrumpyOldMan
* HeroicBSOD: After losing the Battle of Thapsus.
* LimitedWardrobe: Stands out among the Senate by wearing always a simple black toga. The only time he averts this is when putting on armour.
* PoisonousFriend: Cato constantly gives Pompey bad advice.

!Gaius Cassius Longinus


->''"Thus ever for tyrants!"''

Another fellow senator and close friend of Brutus. He masterminds Caesar's assassination. Played by Guy Henry.

* FatalFamilyPhoto: Or "Fatal Promise of a Birthday Cake for Next Year".
* HeterosexualLifePartners: With Brutus. In real life, part of their alliance was cemented on the fact that Cassius was married to Brutus' sister, but this is not mentioned in the show.
* PoisonousFriend: Turns Brutus against Caesar.
* RichBitch: Believes the Senate should be restricted to wealthy Romans.


A slave property of Servilia. Played by Suzanne Bertish.

%%* DrivenToSuicide
* HappinessInSlavery: To Servilia.
* UndyingLoyalty: To the point of [[spoiler: committing suicide after her mistress does.]]


[[folder: Pompeii Household]]

![[UsefulNotes/PompeyTheGreat Gnaeus Pompey Magnus]]


->''"It seemed impossible to lose. That is always a bad sign."''

Once a mighty conqueror and hero of the Republic, Pompey is a jaded Consul of Rome, living mostly on past glories by the time the show starts. When Caesar tries to seize power he sides with the Senate against him. Played by Kenneth Cranham.

%%* AdiposeRex
* AlwaysSomeoneBetter: Is actually a great general in his own right but can't hold a candle to Caesar. This bothers him a lot.
%%* AntiVillain
* ArrangedMarriage: His marriage to Julia, daughter of Caesar, is specifically pointed as the only thing that makes the two get along. Her DeathByChildbirth sets the show in motion. Later, an attempt to solve their conflict by making him marry Octavia falls through.
%%* TheChainsOfCommanding
* CombatPragmatist: Pompeii could have beaten Caesar had he stuck to his original strategy of waiting him out until Caesar's army runs out of supplies. Instead, he is convinced to attack him head-on.
* DecapitationPresentation: Gets his head on a plate offered to Caesar by the Egyptians, who wish to ingratiate themselves with him. He is supremely pissed.
* DirtyOldMan: The marriage was cancelled, but he made use of his "rights" with Octavia anyway.
* EtTuBrute: He gets offed by a former soldier of his, now working as a mercenary for the Egyptians.
* FailureIsTheOnlyOption: His entire campaign against Caesar consists of retiring and defeat.
* FamilyUnfriendlyDeath: Pompeii is stabbed and decapitated in front of his family.
* GloryDays: Clings to his.
* GreenEyedMonster: He is jealous of Caesar for "stealing the love of the people" from him.
%%* GrumpyOldMan
* HeroicBSOD: After losing the Battle of Pharsalus.
* KingIncognito: After losing the Battle of Pharsalus, he escapes disguised as a Greek trader.
* TheMagnificent: The last part of his name means "the Great."
* RetiredBadass: More or less. He hasn't retired everything but he's no longer leading armies at the start. That changes.
* UndignifiedDeath: Pompeii's head is made a toy.
* YouShouldKnowThisAlready: Nah, he doesn't manage to defeat Caesar.

!Quintus Valerius Pompey


->''"Kill him too, what does it matter?"''

Pompey's son and a military leader in the Senate faction. Played by Rick Warden.

* TheAlcoholic: Becomes one after his father's defeat.
%%* AxCrazy
* CompositeCharacter: He is loosely based on Pompey's two historical sons, Gnaeus Pompey the Younger and Sextus Pompey.
* TheDragon: To his father.
%%* HotBlooded
* InSeriesNickname: "Neptune's Scourge".
%%* JadedWashout
%%* TheResenter
* TortureTechnician: Serves as this for his father.
%%* VillainousBSOD


Scipio's daughter and Pompey's second wife.

* ThePromise: That she and her family will return. They never do.
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: She and Pompey's children are last seen witnessing him getting killed.

[[folder:The Roman Underworld]]

!Erastes Fulmen


->''"I took your children in payment for your many slights to me. I fucked them. Then I killed them. And then I threw them in the river."''

A ruthless businessman who controls Rome's most powerful criminal gang, the Aventine, under a pretense of legality. Played by Lorcan Cranitch.

%%* BitchInSheepsClothing
%%* TheBully
%%* CorruptCorporateExecutive
* DecapitationPresentation: [[spoiler: An enraged Vorenus chops off his head and keeps it as a trophy.]]
* DisproportionateRetribution: Vorenus refuses to work for him and later stops his thugs from killing an indebted man in front of his shop (mind you, not from killing him ''[[DeliberateValuesDissonance at all]]''). Erastes [[spoiler: sells Vorenus' family in slavery.]]
* TheDon: Rules the Aventine collegium in season one.
* EvenEvilHasStandards: Erastes threatens to disjoint any of his men who take part in the anarchy after Caesar's death, as it's supposed to be a time of mourning for a consul of Rome. [[HypocriticalHumor He delivers this threat while in a room full of his men drinking and whoring]].
-->We observe the fucking decencies!
%%* EvilIsPetty
* FaceDeathWithDignity: [[spoiler:Even after seeing how Vorenus and Pullo have massacred all his men, Erastes doesn't lose control to his fear.]]
%%* LegitimateBusinessmensSocialClub
%%* TheNapoleon
%%* NonActionGuy
* PoliticallyIncorrectVillain: Fulmen hates slaves and foreigners.
* ThanatosGambit: [[spoiler: Knowing that he is going to die anyway, Erastes falsely tells Vorenus that he has raped and killed his family, and then desecrated their bodies dumping them in the Tiber, just to spite him.]]



->''"I told you I'm not a whore."''

A former brothel supervisor tasked with keeping the customers on line, who is hired by Vorenus after [[spoiler: he takes over Erastes Fulmen's gang]]. While technically a slave, Gaia is a tough and vindicative woman that stops at nothing to get what she wants. Played by Zuleikha Robinson.

* ActionGirl: Can certainly hold her own in a fight and takes part in a mob war.
* BelligerentSexualTension: Tries it with Vorenus, and after [[CelibateHero not getting a response]], with Pullo.
* ConvenientlyTimedAttackFromBehind: In a DramaticIrony [[spoiler:she's fatally stabbed after saving Pullo's life, only to be strangled by him on her deathbed.]]
* DeathbedConfession: [[spoiler: After being wounded in battle, she confesses to Pullo that it was her who murdered Eirene. Pullo suffocates her and throws her body in the river. To the Ancient Romans, this was a way of damning someone. Without proper funeral rites, their soul would be unable to enter the underworld and they would be stuck in limbo for all eternity.]]
%%* FemmeFatale
%%* GroinAttack
* MurderTheHypotenuse: [[spoiler: She kills the heavily pregnant Eirene by putting an abortive solution in her tea and replaces her in Pullo's bed.]]
* NotIfTheyEnjoyedItRationalization: What happens when Pullo tries to 'punish' her.
* QuitYourWhining: To Pullo, [[spoiler: on her deathbed.]]
* TheRival: To Eirene.
%%* ServileSnarker
* [[BettyAndVeronica Veronica]]: To Eirene's Betty.



->''"The truth? The truth is I have known you as a brother. The truth is that I saved your life at Gergovia. Took an arrow for it. The arrow's still in there, the truth is I'd do it again brother. The truth is that I've been nothing but a good soldier to you and a good fucking friend. Do what you have to do Pullo. I'll [[SeeYouInHell see you in Hades]]."''

A former legionary of the Thirteenth. After returning from Gaul, Vorenus gets him and his other comrades lands in Germania but Mascius loses his concession playing dice. He then returns to Rome and joins the Aventine gang after hearing that [[spoiler: Vorenus has taken over it.]] Played by Michael Nardone.

* AndZoidberg: Vorenus makes him third-in-command beneath Pullo, much to his annoyance as Mascius used to outrank him.
-->"Oh I get it, third fucking man and all that!"
* BashBrothers: Read the quote.
* DontTellMama: He asks Vorenus not to tell his family what he does for a living.
%%* TheGamblingAddict
* OldFriend: To Pullo and Vorenus.
* RockBottom: Becoming an underworld enforcer is an improvement for him, after losing his land to his gambling.
-->'''Vorenus:''' This isn't the army, brother. We here -- we're pimps, knifemen, thieves. You sure you're sunk so low?
-->'''Mascius:''' I walked here from Capua. I slept in ditches. And when I get here, they say a black-hearted villain has taken over the Aventine college. He's in league with the gods below, they say. And his name is Lucius Vorenus. Well I thought to myself, "Mascius, old boy, your luck has changed.".
* UndyingLoyalty: To Vorenus and Pullo.
* [[spoiler: WronglyAccused: After the Aventine's secretive and illegal transport of gold for the Triumvirs goes awry and the gold is taken, the conclusion is that an inside man must have revealed knowledge of the mission, and both Vorenus and Pullo accuse Mascius who was in charge of said operation. He was innocent and was almost killed for it.]]



Captain of the Caelians gang and uneasy ally to Vorenus. Played by Daniel Cerqueira.

* BeardOfBarbarism: After being [[BirdCaged locked in a cage]] and starved.
* TheDogBitesBack: He eventually [[spoiler:escapes his cage]] and would have succeeded in killing [[spoiler:Pullo]] if it weren't for [[spoiler:Gaia]].
* HumiliationConga: [[spoiler: Pullo bites off his tongue, keeps him in a cage and feeds him on scraps as a message for others.]]
* ManipulativeBastard: Memmio has his man seduce elder Vorena, then he "discovers" them together and convinces her to spy on Vorenus for him.
* SmugSnake: Up to the moment [[TongueTrauma he loses his tongue]].
* SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute: To Erastes Fulmen.


[[folder:Other Romans]]

!Marcus Tullius Creator/{{Cicero}}


->''"When confronted by a hungry wolf, it is unwise to goad the beast, as Cato would have us do. But it is equally unwise to imagine the snarling animal a friend and offer your hand, as Pompey does."''

The renowned [[Creator/{{Cicero}} Roman politician, intellectual and master orator]], leader of the moderate faction in the Senate. Cicero distrusts Caesar's and later Mark Antony's actions but lacks the spine to take direct action against them. Played by David Bamber.

* ArchEnemy: To Mark Antony.
* CompellingVoice: The orator of the ancient world, and arguably one of the greatest public speakers who has ever lived.
* CowardlyLion: He's a NonActionGuy and not physically brave, but in the end he stands up to Antony and faces his death with dignity.
* DeadpanSnarker: UpToEleven in the series.
* FaceDeathWithDignity: Very much so and without a doubt. Arguably the most dignified death in the series.
* {{Foreshadowing}}: Mark Antony threatens to have [[CreepySouvenir his hands]] cut off and nailed to the Senate's doors. Guess what happens years later.
* OnlySaneMan: A rare moderate and reasonable figure most of the time.
* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech: One of the great masters of this trope. The one that he gives Mark Antony is an epic TakeThat and quite possibly one of his biggest moments.
* ShooTheDog: To his slaves, the day of his own murder, so they won't be hurt.
* SmugSnake: As leader of the Senate, he overstimates his power and grossly underestimates Octavian's. He's also disdainful towards Antony and Caesar, but often only behind their backs. He's also rather weaselly, goading Pompey and Brutus into actions he would never have the courage to do himself.
* WorthyOpponent: Caesar respects him, but the feeling is not mutual.

!Metellus Scipio

->''"What a dreadful noise Plebs make when they're happy."''

A prominent general in the senate faction and member of the famous Scipio family. He becomes Pompey's father-in-law in the first episode. Played by Paul Jesson.

%%* DemotedToExtra
* DrivenToSuicide: Has his throat cut.
* ThoseTwoGuys: In a way, with Cato.



->''"I've been dishonoured!"''

A young Plebeian woman, daughter of a rich merchant and close friend of Octavia. Played by Camilla Rutherford.

* BrainlessBeauty: Comes off as rather ditzy most of the time.
* DefiledForever: States this after her rape, and she's forced to marry lower-class Posca as a result. However she bounces back remarkably.
* FallenPrincess: Jocasta's parents are killed and their money stolen.
* FunctionalAddict: Smokes opium.
* GoingNative: After moving to Egypt.
* NouveauRiche: Why Atia hates her.
* PerfectlyArrangedMarriage: To Posca, once he's gained liberty. She weeps on her wedding day but by the next episode they seem very happy together.
* PoisonousFriend: She is considered as such by Atia.
* SoleSurvivor: [[spoiler: Atia has her entire family murdered and she sexually assaulted.]] ''[[DisproportionateRetribution All because she doesn't like her]].''
* TalkativeLoon: Looks like this to Octavia and Atia after a time living in Egypt.
* UglyGuyHotWife: Is married off to Posca.


A Roman General sent by the Senate to defeat Antony, only to have his entire army defect to him on the spot. He then switches sides too and ends up as Antony's second in command. He later becomes the least powerful of the Triumvirate formed with Antony and Octavian, but gets Africa for his troubles... for a while. Played by Ronan Vibert.

* ButtMonkey: To Antony and Octavian.
%%* DefeatMeansFriendship
* GeneralFailure: His entire army defects to Antony.
* NumberTwo: To Antony after defection.
* PoliticallyIncorrectVillain: Lepidus hates Gauls.
* PutOnABus: Disappears after Antony and Octavian give him Africa.
* ReassignedToAntarctica: Gets sent off to govern the province of Africa.

!The Newsreader


->''"This month's public bread is provided by the Capitoline Brotherhood of Millers. The Brotherhood uses only the finest flour: true Roman bread for true Romans."''

A public servant that cries news and [[ProductPlacement advertisements]] at the Forum in front of the Roman Senate. Played by [=Ian McNeice=].

* BookEnds: He appears in both the pilot and the last episode making the same announcement, offering a reward for a missing slave, "runaway or stolen". It's used to show that despite the vast historical changes happened over the span of the series, the life of the average citizen remains the same.
* TheConstant
* KentBrockmanNews
* LargeHam
* MilkingTheGiantCow: Does this mainly to make the news seem slightly more interesting.
* MyCountryRightOrWrong: His job consists on screaming whatever propaganda the government of the time hands to him, and it changes as wildly and quickly as the composition of that government does. He never questions it.
* NoNameGiven
* ProductPlacement: Another nice historical touch.
* WrittenByTheWinners: All the news he reads. He always phrases words to make sure listeners will know who to root for.

[[folder: Egyptians]]

!Queen UsefulNotes/CleopatraVII


->''"I will have him, or I die. So i will have him."''

The infamous last Hellenistic monarch of Egypt, a beautiful and ambitious woman that is well aware of her powers of seduction. Played by Lyndsey Marshal.

* ZeroPercentApprovalRating By the Romans, who believe she's a sorceress who's swayed Marc Antony from decent Roman ways.
* AGodAmI: As in real life, Cleopatra believed herself to be the goddess Isis incarnate.
* AmbitionIsEvil: Cleopatra isn't content with ruling Egypt and tries to take her son's legacy, with warring results.
* ArrangedMarriage: To her [[BrotherSisterIncest younger brother]] Ptolemy, as per the Egyptian custom.
%%* BadBoss
* ArousedByTheirVoice: Cleopatra purposely uses a higher pitched voice in order to seduce men. She's also just as capable as striking fear into her little brother and his lickspittles with her deeper voice, as well. The real Cleopatra was described to have a very charming and alluring voice, and it is said that this was one of her more attractive features rather than simply being incredibly beautiful.
* TheBabyTrap: Her child is actually fathered by Pullo, having decided to hedge her bets by seducing another Roman before meeting Caesar, to ensure she'll have a child.
* BaseOnWheels: Cleopatra operates her rebellion out of a litter carried by a dozen slaves because she is TooImportantToWalk.
* CradleOfLoneliness: Does this with Antony's body when she sees through Octavian's lies.
* DrivenToSuicide: Once she realizes she can't control Octavian the way she could Antony and Caesar.
* DudeWheresMyRespect: She is incensed when Vorenus refuses to sleep with her.
* DyingMomentOfAwesome: Literally seconds away from dying from the snake's bite, she manages to stand up, stare down Octavian, and tell him off.
* FunctionalAddict: To opium.
* {{Irony}}: Before her death, she claims that Octavian has a "rotten soul," presumably for planning to kill her adolescent son. Cleopatra's not the nicest person herself, having quite similarly secured her own throne by trampling the body of another child, her own brother.
* LadyMacbeth: To Antony.
* MsFanservice: Spends most of her time in see-through dresses and other skimpy outfits. Also appears naked a few times.
* NubileSavage: In the Romans' eyes.
* PassiveAggressiveKombat: Is able to beat Atia of all people at this game.
* PowerHair: Has a boyish haircut (probably because the Egyptians prefer wigs).
* PrepareToDie: Achillas' assassins tell her this in her debut episode, "Caesarion". She gets better.
* ReallyGetsAround: Beds three main characters.
* {{Stripperific}}: In one scene she wears a gold bikini that Princess Leia would be proud of.
* SexyWalk: Several MaleGaze shots of her walking away from the camera.
* TheVamp
-->"If I must prostitute myself for the good of my country and my family, I will. But customer pays first, does he not?"
* VillainousBreakdown: She holds it together during her meeting with Octavian, but loses it at the palace once she realizes that Octavian means to murder her son. Or, [[AlternateCharacterInterpretation she realizes that he won't let Cleopatra twist him around her little finger like the last two Roman rulers did]].
-->'''Cleopatra''': ''[sobbing and talking to Antony's corpse]'' [[spoiler:I'm sorry, my love. I was hungry to live...but you were right about that boy; he's a ''monster''! He only wants me alive so he can parade me in chains for a mob to spit on!]]
%%* YoungConqueror
* YouShouldKnowThisAlready: She hooks up with Antony, but it doesn't end well.

!King Ptolemy XIII


->''"Vassal?'' Vassal? ''I am no vassal! I am King!"''

The naïve child king of Egypt, younger brother and husband to Cleopatra. Played by Scott Chisholm.

%%* AChildShallLeadThem
* AdiposeRex: On the way to become one.
* AGodAmI: Expected, since he is a Pharaoh.
* ArrangedMarriage: To Cleopatra.
%%* BadBoss
* BoisterousWeakling: Insults Cleopatra but only behind her back.
* CharacterDeath: Drowns in a pond after losing in battle.
* CultureClash: With Caesar.
* DudeWheresMyRespect: He expects nothing but to be worshipped. [[ShutUpHannibal Caesar puts him quickly in his place]].
%%* {{Guyliner}}
* KingBobTheNth
* OhCrap: When Cleopatra shows up in the palace in "Caesarion".
* PuppetKing: And in complete denial about it.
* RoyalBrat
* SmallNameBigEgo: He is a lot less powerful than he thinks he is. Caesar puts him in his place.
* TryToFitThatOnABusinessCard:
-->'''[[ProfessionalButtKisser Pothinus]]''': Behold Ptolemy! He of the two lands! He of sage and bay! Behold Ptolemy! Son of Ra! Ptolemy the Divine!



->''"Brother Osiris, [[MyNameIsInigoMontoya let me live to spit in his face, and remind him of this day!]]"''

Prince of Egypt, son of Cleopatra and (allegedly) Caesar. Played by Nicolo Brecci and Max Baldry.

* AGodAmI: Raised to believe this.
* AppealToVanity: While fleeing Octavian, a Roman soldier makes him reveal himself by asking for his blessing in Egyptian. Consider that at no point did the Roman guards hide their identity.
* BabiesMakeEverythingBetter: Cleopatra has him so she can have a claim on Rome.
* BeethovenWasAnAlienSpy: [[spoiler:Caesarion was Titus Pullo's son and successfully escaped Octavian to live as a plebeian in Rome.]]
* BigEater: He doesn't show it often. But he eats more than a black hole, despite being rail thin.
* HistoricalInJoke: The show not so much implies but is clear that he is actually [[spoiler:the son of Titus Pullo]].
* JabbaTableManners: As a side effect of being a BigEater, he eats very sloppely and quickly, trying to get the most food in his mouth as quick as possible.
* MamasBabyPapasMaybe: [[spoiler:He is actually the son of a common Roman pleb.]]
* MixedAncestry: Caesarion's father is Roman. [[spoiler: Just not the one you expect.]]
* ParentalSubstitute: Vorenus becomes a substitute father to him [[spoiler:until he's brought together with his real father, Pullo]].
%%* RoyalBrat
* SmallNameBigEgo: Sometimes played for comedy.
* TellMeAboutMyFather: Caesarion asks this of Vorenus. [[spoiler: He tells him about Pullo.]]
%%* TimeshiftedActor
* UnknownRival: Caesarion promises vengeance against Augustus. Augustus doesn't even know he's alive.


->''"Majesty commands you will enter her."''

A trusted slave in the service of Cleopatra. Played by Kathryn Hunter.

%%* BrutalHonesty
* DeadpanSnarker
* {{Foil}}: Charmian is the female Posca.
%%* HappinessInSlavery
* ParentalSubstitute: To Cleopatra.
* UndyingLoyalty: She keeps serving Cleopatra until she kills herself (with Charmian's help), then commits suicide in turn. This is according to custom, but it's clear that she sees no purpose in living beyond her queen.
* VitriolicBestBuds: Charmian has no problem trading verbal barbs with her most esteemed queen.
%%* YouNoTakeCandle



->''"A simple extortion. If we don't pay him, they will put Cleopatra on the throne."''

The Egyptian Prime Minister and regent to King Ptolemy. He goads the young monarch against his older sister-wife, Cleopatra. Played by Tony Guilfoyle.

* AmbiguouslyGay: It might not be the case in the original version, but the Spanish dub makes him flamboyant.
* BadLiar: And [[SmugSnake he thinks]] he can fool [[MagnificentBastard Caesar]] and [[HypercompetentSidekick Posca]]...
%%* BaldOfEvil
* CultureClash: He kills Pompey and presents his head to Caesar thinking that it will gain his trust. Caesar is enraged instead.
* DirtyCoward: When the consequences come looming, he blames others for his own mistakes.
%%* EunuchsAreEvil
%%* EvilChancellor
%%* GutturalGrowler
%%* {{Guyliner}}
* ProfessionalButtKisser: To Ptolemy.
* RuleOfThree: In an example of BlackComedy, [[spoiler: he is decapitated after Theodotus and Pompey's executioner and their heads put on spikes outside of the royal palace.]]
%%* SissyVillain
%%* SesquipedalianLoquaciousness
%%* SmugSnake
%%* SmugSmiler

!Theodotus of Chíos


->''"Forget Rome! Rome is doomed. The people tear off their flesh like mad dogs. In ten years the city will be a forgotten ruin."''

Ptolemy XIII's Greek rhetoric tutor. Played by David de Keyser.


* DeathByAdaptation: Type II. In RealLife he [[spoiler: escaped the war in Egypt and was murdered later in Asia Minor by Brutus.]] In the show, he is [[spoiler: executed along with Pothinus.]]
%%* {{Guyliner}}
* ItWillNeverCatchOn: What he thinks about Rome and its power.
%%* SmugSmiler



->''"I could raise the whole city with a word."''

The commander of the Egyptian army loyal to Ptolemy XIII. Played by Grant Masters.


* AppealToVanity: He is reluctant to attack Caesar and gain Rome's wrath as a result. Theodotus makes him act by questioning his popularity.
* DoomedByCanon: His fate is unrevealed and the war against Caesar happens off-screen, but you know he won't prevail.[[note]]In Real Life, he was murdered by Cleopatra's younger sister Arsinoe, who supported Ptolemy, and replaced as commander of the army by her lover, Ganymedes.[[/note]]
* TheQuietOne: In comparison to the more verbose Pothinus and Theodotus.
* [[RealMenWearPink Real Men Wear Whigs and Face Paint]]

!Lucius Septimius


->''"Working for the gyppos, sir. It's not the legions, but one must earn's one's salt."''

A Roman veteran serving as mercenary in the Egyptian Army. Played by David Kennedy.


* BodyguardBetrayal: He murders Pompey (under whom he served) when he comes to Egypt seeking refuge.
* DecapitationPresentation: He beheads Pompey after killing him. [[spoiler: And is in turn beheaded by Caesar.]]
* ForcedToWatch: Kills Pompey within sight of his wife and children.
* OhCrap: When he is exposed as Pompey's murderer.
%%* OnlyInItForTheMoney
%%* PleaseShootTheMessenger
* RewardedAsATraitorDeserves: [[spoiler:After Caesar demands Pompey's killer to kill him himself, Pothinus cons Septimius into surrendering himself.]]


[[folder: Jews]]

!Tevye a.k.a. Timon


->''"[[TheDogBitesBack I am not a fucking animal!]]"''

A largely secularized Jewish horse trader (at least when he is among non believers) who has lived for decades in Rome and often serves as a mercenary for Atia, be it as a hitman or a bodyguard. He also expresses a strong lust for her, preferring to be paid in sex rather than money. Played by Lee Boardman.

* AccidentalMurder: [[spoiler:Accidentally kills Levi during a knife struggle with him, in an effort to stop him from assassinating Herod.]]
%%* BeardOfEvil
* BodyguardBetrayal: He finally breaks and [[BodyguardBetrayal attacks Atia]] when she tells him to [[spoiler:[[EvenEvilHasStandards mutilate]] [[WouldntHitAGirl Servilia]].]]
* BodyguardCrush: On Atia.
* EvenEvilHasLovedOnes: [[YourCheatingHeart Infidelity aside]], he is devoted to his family, none of whom knows what he does for a living.
* EvenEvilHasStandards:
** [[spoiler: Standing up to Atia when she orders him to cut Servilia's face after abducting and torturing her.]]
** [[spoiler: His brother's attempt to rekindle him with religion ends with planning a zealot SuicideAttack on Herod during a visit to Rome. Timon backs down in the last moment because he realizes that it will accomplish nothing.]]
* HeelFaithTurn: Played with. [[spoiler:He abandons his role as Atia's hitman in favor of reconnecting with his religion, but he ends up becoming a zealot. Eventually played straight when he decided to not assassin king Herod.]]
%%* HitmanWithAHeart
%%* IcyBlueEyes
* NiceHat: The only recurring character to almost always wear one.
%%* ProfessionalKiller
%%* PunchClockVillain
* PutOnABus: Took the family back to the Holy Land.
* [[RaisedCatholic Raised Jewish]]
* ScrewTheMoneyIHaveRules:
** Glabius attempts to buy Timon [[spoiler:when Atia sends him to kill the other.]] Timon refuses.
** Shows again, but the other way around, when he has [[ScrewThisImOuttaHere enough of]] [[EvenEvilHasStandards Atia's shit]].
** In a more shallow note, Timon obviously values more Atia's tail than her gold.
* TwoFaced: His personality takes a 180º turn when he serves Atia, as opposed to when he is with his family.
%%* YourCheatingHeart


Timon's brother, a [[TheFundamentalist zealot]] that moves to Rome in the second season after getting in trouble in Judea. [[spoiler:He is actually in a [[SuicideAttack suicide mission]] to kill King Herod during a visit to the city]]. Played by Nigel Lindsay.


* AbortedArc: It's obvious that Levi was meant to stay around for a whole season and that [[spoiler: his death]] would have some influence on Timon's later development, given that the show was expected to explore Judea [[ScrewedByTheNetwork in a fifth season]] and that Timon is last seen travelling there.
* BigBrotherBully: Before his own HeelFaithTurn. Timon still harbors resentment that his brother used to bully him, yet is now lecturing him on his lifestyle.
* TheFundamentalist: As a member of the Zealots, which makes him a declared enemy of King Herod because he is a Roman imposed puppet.
* HoistByHisOwnPetard: [[spoiler: Tries to get his brother to rediscover his Judaism by joining him in killing Herod. Timon has doubts, they struggle, and Levi ends stabbed by the knife he planned to use to kill his enemy.]]
* OldFriend: Introduced in the second season after not being named in the first. Then again, Timon was not exactly a main character in the first season.
* YouCantGoHomeAgain: He comes to Rome to live with his brother because his opposition to Herod threatened his survival in Judea. [[spoiler: [[SubvertedTrope Subverted]]: It's a cover to assasinate Herod who has also come to Rome to meet his Roman overlords.]]


Yes ''that'' Herod, the client-King of Judea. Played by René Zagger.


* ZeroPercentApprovalRating: His throne is entirely dependent on Roman support.
* AbortedArc: As part of Timon and Levi's storyline in the second season, his involvement in this was cut to a minimum. Herod would probably have appeared again if the show had reached the five seasons envisioned by Heller, [[WordOfGod with the last one depicting Judea immediately before the birth of Christ.]]
%%* BeardOfEvil
%%* GuyLiner
* PuppetKing: Of Judea, to the Romans.
* RealMenWearPink: Specifically, jewels in his hair and...
* SleazyPolitician: Travels to Rome to bribe his masters in person.
* YoungFutureFamousPeople: His appearance in the series predates the birth of Jesus by about 30 years.