Library War (図書館戦争, Toshokan Sensō in Japanese) is an award wining Light-Novel series that was later adapted as an anime and an ongoing manga series. A live action film was released on April 27, 2013.Set in 2019, during an alternate timeline where the Japanese government has issued the Media Improvement Act, to prevent the spread of supposedly dangerous information by allowing censorship. In response, local governments have set up the Library Defense Force to fight against the censorship of the Media Improvement Committee, who frequently raid libraries.The story itself centers around Iku Kasahara, a recruit in the Force, who joined after being inspired by a mysterious Defense Force member who protected her and a book she was trying to buy that was being targeted for censorship. However, she quickly learns how demanding the Defense Force can be, mainly from her "demon" instructor, Atsushi Doujo. Despite making several huge mistakes at first, Iku is promoted to her base's Library Task Force, which is essentially the most elite branch of the Defense Force and Iku is the first woman to enter.As the series goes on, she begins to improve in her duties, and she even finds out more about the mysterious "princely" figure that inspired her all those years ago...
A-Cup Angst: While Kasahara never really complains about it, she does calm her heart by thinking, "Settle down under those A-cups."
A-Team Firing: Played straight (and somewhat justified) with the LDF, as their goal is usually not to actually harm members of the MBC and to just hold them off. The MBC soldiers, however, have few qualms with shooting LDF members.
Actually Pretty Funny: While interrogating some kids who pulled off a dangerous prank Kasahara makes a joke which sets Komaki off laughing. Doujo scolds her for doing something so inappropriate while trying not to laugh himself. Even Tezuka barely keeps it together.
Adaptation Distillation: The anime changes some situations and fails to introduce characters or plot points. It finally concludes with an anime original end.
Though the anime movie corrects itslef a bit and is more faithful to the novels.
Adaptation Dye-Job: Iku has brown hair in the novels and in the anime but blonde/light-brown hair in the manga. Shibasaki has dark brown hair in the novels, black hair in the anime and brown hair in the manga.
Adapted Out: In the anime several characters are never mentioned. Like Iku's three older brothers.
Bishounen: Doujo, Tezuka and Komaki, especially in their manga designs.
Bloodless Carnage: Seriously, this must be the cleanest civil war ever. Few people are actually killed by the series' A-Team Firing; most are only injured or knocked unconscious.
It's actually justified: Both sides wear SWAT/riot police/military-grade body armornote the MBC appear to be wearing SWAT gear, while the LDF are wearing what appears to be JGSDF-issue, but both sides have very few high-caliber firearms that can effectively punch through it - most engagements are conducted with 9mm submachinegunsnote M P5s for the MBC and Mineaba M9s for the LDF. This means that being shot will undoubtedly be painful, but rarely outright lethal. The system implemented for what is and is not kosher in these firefights seems to have been designed to minimize actual human casualties.
Also, as with modern warfare, most rounds are being fired to suppress the opposition, instead of being intended to kill.
Book Burning: What happens to 'unsuitable' books that the Libraries can't get their hands on.
Book Dumb: Iku states that she didn't do well in lectures. Cue scene of her passed out in class with her textbook over her face.
The novel explains this a bit more — because the university Iku went to didn't offer the classes she needed to qualify for a library job, she had to take night school courses on the side. (That said, she's still not a great student.)
The manga has Iku say she planned to be in the Defense Force since they only handle combat duties. It comes back to bite her when she's accepted to the Task Force, which handles both combat and library duties.
Book Ends: The anime both starts and ends with Doujo yelling at Kasahara to keep her arms up in a high port drill.
The movie also ends with Doujo scolding new recruits only that this Doujo is (or was) Iku Kasahara.
Brutal Honesty: Shibasaki, usually when Kasahara is being particularly flaily.
Bulletproof Vest: In the final arc of the anime, Genda takes a barrage of bullets to the torso, but survives thanks to his body armor.
Buttmonkey: Bonus strips in the manga chronicle the adventures of Maburo Agohige, Kasahara's manga-only secret admirer. Every time he tries to approach Kasahara, he stumbles upon an intense Doujo/Kasahara moment or otherwise gets shut down.
The Champion: Kasahara became a librarian to emulate her "prince," the unknown Library Force member who saved both her and her precious book from the Media Improvement Committee when she was in high school. It's Doujo.
The Chessmaster: Satoshi Tezuka and Shibasaki. The former even calls the latter out on it.
Childhood Friends: Komaki and Marie. Though a bit strange since Marie is almost a decade younger than him, it's explained that it's because their mothers have been long time friends.
Civil War: Essentially, this is what the Library War is all about. It's a very nice one, however, given that the JSDF would likely clamp down hard on any belligerents who would start involving civilians, heavy weapons and other things that leads to collateral damage or a breakdown in law and order.
Combat Pragmatist: Kasahara is not afraid to attack people from behind during sparring sessions.
Cool Guns: A full list is available on IMFDB — it's a battle of new versus old. The MBC arsenal is ripped straight from the "cool" list, consisting of shiny new MP5 submachine gunsnote Well, newer compared to the Type-64. It's still an older weapon. and L96 sniper rifles. The LDF loses fancy factors on the account of acquiring JSDF surpluses, considering how relatively unremarkable the Type-64 and Type-89 rifles and the M24 Remington sniper rifle look in comparison to MBC counterparts, but the Minebea M-9 submachine guns in LDF possession are clones of the iconic Mini Uzi.
Crazy Jealous Guy: Doujo in a bonus chapter of the manga. For various reasons Kasahara gets a makeover, and is suddenly the object of much male attention. Dojo does not take this entirely well:
Drill Sergeant Nasty: What Iku thinks of Doujo. Justified since Doujo was trying to work Kasahara so hard she would quit.
Everybody Lives: Despite a fierce battle in which there are casualties on both sides, none of the main cast die. However, Genda is seriously injured, and medically retired with a two-rank promotion, the Kanto Library commander resigns, and Doujo is temporarily afflicted with memory loss.
The latter is an only-anime thing, since in the novels the one who confronts the crazy director, Sugahara, is the branch supervisor Yokota, who gets serious burn injuries. Though thankfully he also lives.
Flower Motifs: Part of the Library Force's emblem is a chamomile, which in the language of flowers means "energy in adversity".
Go Through Me: The climax of the anime sees Genda pull this on an anti-censorship art display. A Media Betterment Committee member shoots him point-blank in plain daylight, causing a PR nightmare for the MBC and saving the exhibit.
Heroic BSOD: In the anime, Doujo develops memory loss (specifically, agnosia) following the battle at the Ibaraki Branch Library.
Hero-Worshipper: Iku for her prince and Tezuka towards Doujo. Iku later starts to feel this towards Doujo as well.
Kaiju Defense Force: The JSDF is said to be staying out of the conflict, and some Library Task Force members remark they have more range and combat time than the JSDF. There are implications, however, that the JSDF is sympathetic to the LTF, given that the LTF's equipment is almost identical to the JSDF, in their weapons, personal kit, and vehicles.
Loophole Abuse: A loophole in the Media Betterment Act is what allowed the Libraries to exist in the first place. Another loophole led to the first library raid. A few laws and loopholes later and we've got an institutionalized civil war, with lots of rules for what is and is not kosher, and lots of people abusing the loopholes found in those rules.
May-December Romance: How some characters views Komaki and Marie's relationship due to their ten-year age gap (particularly Doujo who at first says that romance between them is imposible because they have a Like Brother and Sister relationship) .
Mildly Military: The Library Defense Force may get into gun battles, but they're still librarians and are responsible for everything from checking out books to running storytime for kids.
Military Academy: Early episodes focus on basic training for Library Defense Force members.
My Beloved Smother: Kasahara's overprotective mother just wants her to be a girly girl; to be pretty and sweet and to do quiet, safe, girly activities. And if that requires forcing her daughter to leave her beloved but dangerous job, or give up her inappropriate dreams, then so be it.
One Head Taller: Inverted: Doujo is noticeably shorter than Kasahara. Needless to say, he's not exactly happy about this.
She Cleans Up Nicely: Iku. When she has to go undercover as a normal library customer to catch a vouyeristic pervert and in a bonus chapter of the manga where she ends up wearing a Pimped-Out Dress. In the former one she feels embarrased by everyone's compliments and in the latter she isn't able to figure out why all the guys are suddenly staring at her.
She's Got Legs: Kasahara. The manga even has Shibazaki point them out when Kasahara had to wear a mini-skirt.
In the Anvilicious Episode 6, several members of the Defense Force are tasked with retrieving a copy of a heavily-censored book. While the title of the book is 505K, the description is quite obviously that of Fahrenheit 451. Considering that the book in their world is referred to as the Book of Prophecy, perhaps Some Anvils Need to Be Dropped. 505K is ~ 451 °F505K is ~ 446°F. 506K = 451.4°F
Suspiciously Specific Denial: Whenever Doujo does something nice for Iku, he justifies that he is doing it because he is her boss. An example: When he goes after her to comfort her, before exiting the room he unnecessary says "I'm going as her superior officer, okay?"... You're not fooling Komaki and Shibasaki Doujo!.