* AlternateCharacterInterpretation:
** GodIsEvil and SatanIsGood are probably the most common. For the sake of Administrivia/{{Natter}}, debate this on Headscratchers, not here.
** In some versions, especially Sufism, Satan is a {{yandere}} to God.
** Generally Lucifer is thought to be the name Satan had before he fell, but some think he is a separate person from him.
** Is Leviathan Satan, a crocodile, dragon, dinosaur, submarine or something else?
** Is Behemoth a hippo, elephant, dinosaur, or something else?
*** Are these 3 merely personification of the untamable elements of land, sea and air?
** As sacrificing humans was against the law, some interpretations say that Jephthah's daughter's sacrifice actually meant service to God; she wept over her virginity because dedication to God meant [[CelibateHero she'd never get to marry and have a family]], meaning she'd keep that virginity forever. And family was kind of a big deal for Jewish women back in those days.
** Some say ArchangelMichael is Jesus.
** Some sources and media love equaling the Pharaoh in Exodus with Ramses II.
** The Book of Job: Wonderful explanation of why bad things happen to good people or undeniable proof that GodAndSatanAreBothJerks?
* BigLippedAlligatorMoment: Exodus 4:24-26. God attacks and tries to kill Moses prompting Moses's wife to circumcise Moses's son and throws the foreskin at Moses's feet. This act makes God let Moses go. This moment comes out of nowhere and is never mentioned again.
* BrokenBase: Easily the most divisive work in the history of literature.
* CompleteMonster: [[EvilChancellor Haman]] from the Literature/BookOfEsther. He was a {{treacherous advisor}} offended by [[EvilIsPetty one Jew's refusal to bow to him]], using this as justification for [[FinalSolution plotting the genocide of the Jewish people]]. Various Judaic traditions elaborate on this, noting [[PoliticallyIncorrectVillain Haman]] had a picture of an idol embroidered onto his robes so that he could force Jews bowing to him to violate the taboo against kneeling to idols. The very trees from which he hoped to build his gallows recoiled from his unclean presence, and unlike some Biblical antagonists, he's not an agent of divine retribution, just a self-important bastard who can't accept being disrespected. Even Haman's ''wife'' tells to his face that he has [[MoralEventHorizon gone over the line]], and that his obsession with killing the Jews would soon become self-destructive; he ignores her and goes ahead with his plans. His name has become a watchword for anti-Semitism and he is viewed in rabbinical tradition as an archetypal evil figure.
* DyingMomentOfAwesome:
** Jesus. He could have called thousands of angels to smite His killers, but He chose to bear all the pain and suffering to save all who would believe.
** Samson's final moments are spent bringing down the Philistine government, while also killing more men than he ever had in his life.
** The emperor Nero ordered Peter to be crucified, thus putting himself above Peter in a power dynamic. Peter asked to be crucified ''upside down'', thus outdoing Nero. (Doubles as TearJerker since Peter also did it because he believed himself unworthy of dying like Jesus)
** Paul was about to be crucified, but then he told his would-be executers: 'Hey, I'm a Roman. Kill me if you want, but I've my right to tell you ''how'' I will die.' That takes quite the balls.
* EnsembleDarkhorse:
** Melchidezek Only appeared once yet became popular among biblical scholars.
** The Queen of Sheba
* EpilepticTrees:
** The Book of Enoch is possibly the ur-example.
** There is a medieval legend that the man in the moon is Cain. There is nothing in the Bible to support this.
* EvilIsSexy: This is Delilah allure to Samson.
* FairForItsDay:
** Look at how women and children were treated in ancient Rome. "Husbands, love your wives" was a revolutionary concept in those days.
** Not to mention the book of Leviticus, which nowadays is looked upon as a long list of difficult rules, but when first made, presented what was, for the day, a refreshingly easy code of law.
* FanonDiscontinuity: Several major instances--
** Protestants (and Jews) rejected the additional (as in, those not in the Masoretic text of the Tanakh) Old Testament books that came from the Greek Septuagint and call them "apocrypha" (not {{Canon}}), whereas they're considered {{Canon}} by Catholics.
** Then there's the New Testament "apocrypha," some of which are just ''weird''. The Infancy Gospel of Thomas, for instance, is possibly the first example of SuperDickery, featuring a very young Jesus that blinds, kills, and heals people left and right, then proceeds to lecture his teacher on theology. Mainstream Christians reject the Gospel of Thomas, which was widely read by early Christian communities, on the basis of its much later origin and the fact that it was most certainly not written by Thomas or anyone in his general time period. The Nicean council ruled that it wasn't authentic.
** The entire New Testament is rejected by the Jews; most Christians reject the Book of Mormon, except for the Mormons. Only the Muslims accept the canonicity of the Koran.
* FanPreferredCouple:
** A lot of people (and the nation of Ethiopia) believe the Queen of Sheba was one of Solomon's lovers.
** Mary Magdalene and Jesus is this to Gnostics and DanBrown
* FreudWasRight: God demands Abraham circumcise himself and those of his house, then demands he sacrifice his son. [[spoiler:God changes His mind at the end.]]
* InternetBackdraft: Perhaps nothing in this world can easily start a FlameWar more than the Bible itself. Heated debates regarding pretty much anything inside it have, are, and will occur between different religions, non-religious views, and [[BrokenBase even amongst religions themselves]]. The main page is locked for a reason.
* HoYay: Judas With Jesus. As far as canon goes ... well. Their kiss is listed as a TropeCodifier on KissOfDeath.
* IronWoobie:
** Jesus. He never did anything to really deserve what happened to Him.
** Moses:
*** Forced to flee his homeland and came back to destroy it
*** Abandoned his family to serve God.
*** Roamed around with the Isrealies for 40 years and finally died without making it to ThePromisedLand.
**** BrickJoke: About a thousand years later, Jesus ascends the Mount of Transfiguration and is seen speaking to Elijah and Moses. Dude finally made it!
* IAmNotShazam: John the Apostle is ''not'' John the Divine.
* ItWasHisSled: [[spoiler: Jesus was betrayed by Judas and died, but He got better]].
* LesYay: One interpretation of the relationship between Naomi and her daughter-in-law, Ruth. Not popular with conservatives, obviously.
* {{Macekre}}: Which translation is best is SeriousBusiness.
* MemeticBadass: Samson, Elisha
* MemeticMutation: "He killed 1,000 men with a jawbone of a donkey" became a minor one.
* MisaimedFandom:
** Samson is presented as a flawed figure who abuses his powers, gets screwed over for it, and ends up dying because there's nowhere else to go. Yet, many readers can't look over his RatedMForManly antics and celebrate him as a MemeticBadass who dies in a blaze of glory. He's almost like the [[Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann Kamina]] of the ancient world.
** More seriously, Christians who persecuted Jews from the Middle Ages and onward for "killing Jesus". [[WhatAnIdiot Yes, let's ignore the fact that Jesus was a Jew, shall we?]]
* MoralEventHorizon:
** Satan has a lot:
*** Many people consider him tempting Eve with the fruit as this, as it resulted in pretty much all the evil and suffering in the world. [[AlternateCharacterInterpretation This one only applies to Satan if he is the snake, however,]] and some people see it as a failed attempt at giving mankind wisdom.
*** What he did to Job. Yeah, he had permission, but it's still a pretty nasty thing to do.
*** Helping the Antichrist to deceive people into worshiping him.
*** Desiring to "sift Peter as wheat," which most likely means he wanted to do the same things to Peter as he did to Job.
*** The Bible implies that he was behind Jesus crucifixion. If so, he was not only HoistByHisOwnPetard but OutGambitted, because Jesus's death, preplanned by God, opened the one and only way for people to be saved.
*** In Revelation, he is pictured (probably metaphorically) as a red dragon sanding in front of a delivering woman so he can [[EatsBabies devour]] her [[WouldHurtAChild child]] as soon as it is born.
** Saul:
*** Repeatedly trying to kill David, even after all the kindness and mercy he showed him.
*** Killing the priests of Nob who harbored David.
*** Almost getting his son Jonathan killed for not keeping Saul's foolish oath that he knew nothing about, and later deliberately trying to kill Jonathan for standing up for David.
*** Murdering some of the Gibeonites, whom Israel had sworn to protect. This one also applies to his household. This would come back to haunt the house of Saul when the Gibeonites forced David to hand over Saul's grandsons to be executed as the price of their allegiance.
** Joab:
*** Killing Absalom (David's son) ''explicitly'' against David's orders.
*** Killing Abner, who had defected to David.
*** Carrying out the UriahGambit. Joab had been a very naughty boy.
** Judas:
*** Betraying Jesus (Duh!). According to some, this led to a MyGodWhatHaveIDone, then a suicide.
** Antioch:
*** [[OverlyLongGag Did you know what he did to seven dudes and their old woman]]? Y-yeah, nothing to see, keep going!
* NeverLiveItDown:
** "Doubting" Thomas. In reality, all of the apostles needed physical proof before believing Jesus' resurrection; Thomas just got singled out because he came in late.
** Judas is always introduced last and his betrayal is always pointed out.
* NightmareFuel: Let's just say there are quite a few moments to say the least.
** The Lake of Fire.
** The seven brothers and their mom mentioned in the Maccabeus book. FamilyUnfriendlyDeath doesn't even begin to ''describe'' it.
** The Book of Revelation. Especially [[YourHeadAsplode if it's literal]], well...imagine ''End of Evangelion'' [[MindRape times a million]]. Yeah.
* OneSceneWonder:
** For being mentioned in all of one line, Methuselah is the subject of a lot of extra-biblical stuff.
** Nimrod is amazingly popular in folklore (the Tower of Babel was apparently built on his orders and he tried to have Abraham killed) and pop culture (shares the name as a villain from the ComicBook/{{X-Men}}).
* {{Padding}}: Lots of repetition at points, like with the book of Numbers.
* RonTheDeathEater: God gets this a lot, particularly due to his Old Testament behavior, which was before CharacterizationMarchesOn in regards to Him.
* SadlyMythtaken: The entire AsTheGoodBookSays trope in a nutshell.
* TearJerker:
** The Psalm David wrote in response to Jonathan's and Saul's death. As well as the ''enormous'' HeroicBlueScreenOfDeath he had when he learned about it.
** The way David ''wept'' for Absalom, especially considering David would have lost his throne and possibly his life if Absalom had won.
** Jesus' death. Even if you're not a Christian, you've gotta [[JesusWasWayCool feel for the guy.]] Some of his miracles, too. Specially when he revived a poor little girl. And when he wept before he revived his old friend Lazarus.
** 2 Timothy. Knowing that he'll be executed soon, Paul urges Timothy, who he calls his son, to hurry to Rome so they can see each other before he, Paul, dies.
** Ezra reading the book of the law in front of a crowd of truly repentant Jews.
* ValuesDissonance A point of contention for many, particularly in regard to the Old Testament.
* TheWoobie:
** Mary. Her Son was brutally tortured and killed right in front of her, and there was nothing she could do.
** Leah, Balaam's Donkey, Eli, Tamar, Uriah, Job, Jeremiah, Hosea, Ezekiel, Mary, Abel, Tobit, Sarah...
* TooCoolToLive: Elijah's death, because he was also Too Cool To Die.
* WhatAnIdiot:
** Jephtah swore to God that he would sacrifice the first living thing that came out of his house if he wins against his enemies. That turned out to be his daughter.
** Rehoboam's strong rebuttal to the complaints to the heavy taxation and forced labor policies caused 10 Israelite tribes to rebel and form their own nation.
** Saul swore to God that neither he nor his men will eat till they destroyed the enemy army. Sure enough, he and his army were too hungry to fulfill this vow.
** [[NiceJobBreakingItHero Getting drunk and telling your all your weaknesses to a hot woman]]. [[SarcasmMode Good move there, Samson]].
** Esau. Trades [[WhatCouldHaveBeen his birthright]] to Jacob for a bowl of lentil stew.
** The people of Israel behave this way every other chapter.
* WhatDoYouMeanItWasntMadeOnDrugs: Book of Revelation is pretty trippy, man. It's definitely the [[MindScrew strangest and most surreal]] book in the Bible. Some people have suggested he was actually under the influence of volcanic fumes (like the Sibyl or the Oracle of Delphi). Others think he was simply trying to record events, places, beings, and substances he was shown but just could not understand.
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