* BrokenBase: You’d be amazed at how frequently and vehemently folks in the States still disagree about the cause of the war, the men who fought in it, the legitimacy of secession, and just about any other topic you can imagine.
** Immediately after the war, people sympathetic to the South immediately began assigning blame as to who was responsible for losing the war. A good number of these focused on the Battle of Gettysburg, especially which of Lee’s subordinates ultimately ended up sabotaging the battle with bad advice or misinterpreted orders. (See PoorCommunicationKills below for one particular instance.) Lee himself averted this, accepting personal responsibility for the Confederate failure; it was his subordinates (especially Jubal Early) who incited the controversy.
** Invoked by Southerners and Confederate sympathizers after the war when crafting the “Lost Cause of the South” narrative. This painted Southern generals as nobly defending their homes and traditional way of life against Northern aggression led by generals willing to throw away the lives of hundreds of thousands of men. It also downplayed slavery, despite many states issuing declarations that they were seceding because of slavery and the Vice President of the Confederacy himself giving a speech on how they seceded over the matter of slavery. While recognized by historians as propaganda with little basis in reality, it’s still the most popular view of the war throughout the former Confederate states.
* HilariousInHindsight: John C. Breckinridge's great-grandson was John Cabell "Bunny" Breckinridge, a drag queen best known for playing the Leader in ''Film/Plan9FromOuterSpace''.
* TearJerker: This letter written by a soldier to his wife shortly [[http://www.civil-war.net/pages/sullivan_ballou.asp before going off to battle.]]
** A.M. Lea capturing a Union flotilla in Galveston, Texas only to find his Union Navy son dying on the deck.
** Generals Armistead and Hancock: friends for years before the war, met again at Gettysburg on opposite sides. Both were wounded, and Armistead was agonized to hear that Hancock had been hit (it was Armistead who died of his wounds, however).
* TooCoolToLive: Grant’s former commanding officer and later loyal subordinate, Gen. Charles F. Smith, who died of tetanus and dysentery in 1862. Sherman said that Smith would have eclipsed both him and Grant had he lived.
** Also James B. [=McPherson=], a talented junior officer who quickly rose through the ranks to army command. Respected by both friend and foe, he was considered as a possible successor to Sherman and Grant before his death at the Battle of Atlanta.
** For the Confederates, Albert Sidney Johnston, considered one of the best soldiers on either side. He died commanding his first major battle at Shiloh, leaving behind a host of [[WhatCouldHaveBeen might-have-beens]] as the Army of Tennessee disintegrated into [[WeAreStrugglingTogether infighting and incompetent leadership]].
* TheWoobie: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Longstreet James Longstreet]], the best corps commander in the conflict on either side. He lost several of his young children to scarlet fever in 1862, was Cassandra-esque in his petitions for a more defensive war, was unjustly blamed for the loss at Gettysburg (thereby taking the blame away from the saintly Lee), had to fight against Grant (the two were very close; Longstreet was best man at Grant's wedding to Longstreet's cousin) and was considered a traitor and scalawag by his fellow Southerners for becoming a Republican and advocating suffrage for former slaves. Whew!