!!SherlockHolmes (the original stories)

* AcceptableReligiousTargets: Mormons are given a bad rap in "A Study in Scarlet". The story even indicates that Young has a group of secret killers who murder other Mormons for any act they deem religiously wrong or just speaking out against their faith in any way. In Doyle's defense, though, only Brigham Young's original polygamist followers get this treatment, not every Average Joe on the street who follows the religion. He also apologized for that portrayal.
* AlternativeCharacterInterpretation:
** Nearly every interpretation of Sherlock Holmes is different from the last. The base character seems to be as a cool, brilliant, straight-laced and classy hero-for-hire (sort of like the Basil Rathbone version), but later adaptations have branched into two (equally accurate but not mutually exclusive) interpretations: the BunnyEarsLawyer Sherlock Holmes, who is a {{Cloudcuckoolander}} while being disturbingly competent (see [[Film/SherlockHolmes the Guy Ritchie/Robert Downey Jr. version]] or Disney's animated ''Disney/TheGreatMouseDetective'') or an anti-social JerkAss who is highly manipulative and insensitive, often out of lack of understanding rather than malice (see ''Series/{{Sherlock}}'' and ''Series/{{House}}''). Naturally, expect a great deal of overlap within these two fields, but most interpretations will lean towards one or the other.
** Watson's portrayal varies a great deal between adaptations. Apart from the fact that they portray him on a sliding scale of both competence and assertiveness, his original characterization can be interpreted in many different ways due to the fact that while Watson's narration often uses descriptors and adjectives and explanations to color the readers' view of Holmes or of events where Watson is more of a passive observer, he usually simply reports his own actions with very little elaboration or descriptive flair, simply letting the actions stand on their own. Therefore, the exact flavor of his behavior is in many scenes a mystery -- see his very short, prosaic descriptions of actions that could easily have been highly charged if he had phrased them differently, like responding to a villain's casual warning that he's armed by seizing a chair in order to beat him up, or dashing up to blow out an attacking dog's brains at close range without hesitation. People can (and have) characterized Watson's demeanor as anything from a quiet observer on the sidelines simply taking note of Holmes's actions, to an impulsive and hotheaded semi-bodyguard who enthusiastically sticks his nose into everything while taking stock.
* AuthorsSavingThrow: Holmes's return in "The Empty House", and the revelation that he'd survived Moriarty's attack in "The Final Problem" and just gone into hiding for a while.
* AwesomeEgo: Sherlock Holmes is very full of his own intellect, and loves flattery -- and the readers tend to love him for it.
* EnsembleDarkhorse:
** Irene Adler, who only appeared in one story of the original tales, but is popular among those who wrote Holmes-based novels, TV and movies, especially for a [[PromotedToLoveInterest Promotion To Love Interest]].
** Moriarty is another example, being a BreakoutVillain.
** There are many others. Some include Shinwell Johnson and Kitty Winters, the supporting characters from ''The Illustrious Client'', or even Mr. Barker, Holmes's mysterious one-time rival from ''The Retired Colourman''.
** Let's not forget the Yarders, who unfortunately get flanderized fairly often in published pastiches, but who can also get a lot of screentime and downright ''magnificent'' characterization in {{Fanfiction}}.
** The most prestigious Holmes fan club is named for the Baker Street Irregulars.
** Yet another example is [[ColonelBadass Colonel Sebastian Moran]]. He appears in only one story (The Adventure of the Empty House), some occasional mention here and there and a play, but thanks to some fairly badass background details and actions, he really struck a chord with readers. While little more than a VillainOfTheWeek in the story, he has since grown to a far larger character in other Sherlock Holmes works, often serving as the EvilCounterpart to Watson (such as in ''A Game of Shadows'').
* FairForItsDay: Although Doyle often reflected the prejudices of his day, he nevertheless occasionally displayed ridiculously liberal values, as in "The Adventure of the Yellow Face", in which [[spoiler:a husband immediately and without reservation accepts and loves his wife's mixed-race child from a previous relationship]].
* FanWank: One of the older, best-established, and most erudite examples, and still going strong. People have written ''dissertations'' that are, essentially, Holmes FanWank that's ShownTheirWork. Trying to work out inconsistencies in the canon is known within the fandom as the Sherlockian Game, among other names. The less intrusive and more elegant a proposed fix is, the better regarded it is.
* GeniusBonus: Holmes calling Maths Professor Moriarty "The Napoleon of Crime" gets a whole new dimension when you know that the original NapoleonBonaparte's second career choice was mathematician. So in a way, he was the Moriarty of world leaders as well.
* HilariousInHindsight: In "The Adventure of the Noble Bachelor," Holmes expresses a hope that the U.S. would rejoin the U.K. An...eccentric position when the story was written, but with the popularity of [[AxisPowersHetalia USUK]], [[FanPreferredCouple he has plenty of support on that,]] [[ShippIng albeit in a different sense]].
** ''The Disappearance of Lady Frances [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carfax_%28company%29 Carfax]]''.
* HoYay: So much we had to [[HoYay/SherlockHolmes give it its own page.]] ''Someone'' involved here knew which side their fandom is buttered on...
* IconicCharacterForgottenTitle: Most of the novels did not have Sherlock Holmes in the title.
* MemeticBadass:
** Irene Adler, the woman who went up against the best detective in London, if not the world, and managed to outsmart him.
** Watson himself, with Three Continents, a Mustache, and a Handgun.
** Sebastian Moran. The exact point where this was established is when Holmes mentioned he once crawled up a drainpipe to kill a cornered, wounded, man-eating tiger, just one of a number of exploits.
* MagnumOpus: Of the "Holmes" stories, either the short story collection ''The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes'' or the novel ''[[Literature/TheHoundOfTheBaskervilles The Hound Of The Baskervilles]]'' tend to be praised as the finest examples.
* NightmareFuel: Now with [[NightmareFuel/SherlockHolmes its very own page, again!]]
* ParanoiaFuel:
** The Mormons in ''A Study in Scarlet'', able to make {{Unpe|rson}}ople at will, and get past every barrier you can put between them and you.
** Likewise, the [[spoiler:Ku Klux Klan]] from ''The Five Orange Pips''.
** A less sinister example: Holmes' deductive abilities arguably go from "cool" to "creepy" in the first chapter of ''The Sign of Four'' (that is, the second novel) when he studies Watson's watch for a minute, then proceeds to give a summarized biography of Watson's elder brother, whom he hadn't known ''existed'' before he started.
* SavedByTheFans: Doyle ''tried'' to kill off Holmes when he got tired of the character. People didn't take it well, so he was brought back. Although [[MoneyDearBoy it wasn't the complaints that led him to bring Holmes back...]]
%%* UnfortunateImplications: While most examples here would be FairForItsDay, some have objected to the thuggish potrayal of a black goon in "The Three Gables", considering that Doyle handled race much more maturely in "The Yellow Face" (although, to be fair, the man in question is a ''criminal'' - if he'd been a respectable black man, Holmes would've probably been politer to him).
* ValuesDissonance: Sir Arthur's depiction of the Mormons as a ReligionOfEvil in ''A Study in Scarlet'' was completely uncontroversial at the time (Jules Verne also did it in ''Around the World in 80 days''), whereas his portrayal of the KKK as a murderous secret society in "The Five Orange Pips" was not. [[AcceptableTargets Nowadays, it's the opposite.]]
** One sailor is prepared to accept that Holmes is really being honest with him... because he's white.
* TheWoobie: Holmes himself, mostly for his overall loneliness; see the ending of ''The Sign Of Four'', after Watson has resolved to [[spoiler:move out and marry Mary Morstan]], and Holmes is left alone in stiff-lipped British quiet desperation.

!!''Series/SherlockHolmes'' (The TV series starring Creator/JeremyBrett)

* CharacterRerailment: The series rescued Watson from the "fat bumbling idiot" depiction of many previous adaptations.
* PeripheryDemographic: Both the producers and the star, Jeremy Brett, were surprised to learn that their TV series was very popular with kids, who seemed to see the lead character as a SuperHero. As such, Brett got permission from the granddaughter of Arthur Conan Doyle to have Holmes beat his cocaine addiction and bury his needle.
* SeasonalRot: Beginning with "The Case-Book of Sherlock Holmes" the series began to decline. For the first few seasons, the production team had cherry picked the best and most well known stories to adapt, now they were left with average to mediocre ones, and some of the episodes began to derail from their source material. Special mention goes to "The Last Vampyre" and "The Eligible Bachelor" which were the final feature length episodes which bare '''no''' resemblance to the ''short'' stories they were suppose to be based on.
!!''Film/SherlockHolmes'' (the films starring Robert Downey Jr and Jude Law)
* AcceptableEthnicTargets
** The ginger midget is a [[TwoferTokenMinority twofer]].
** Gypsies in the sequel.
* AccidentalInnuendo: "Gently, gently Watson. Be gentle with me!" No way is this one accidental. Not with Downey playing Holmes.
* CompleteMonster: Professor Moriarty, a criminal mastermind completely devoid of empathy, created an elaborate scheme of an even grander scale than Blackwood's and has a personal grudge against Holmes himself. He has no qualms about threatening two completely innocent people, Watson and his new wife Mary, over Holmes' interference in their plans, and destroyed a train in an attempt to kill them. He poisoned and murdered Irene Adler when she tried to quit being his personal gopher, massacred a large number of Simza's gypsy tribe as they attempted to escape an ill-fated raid on his compound, drove a prideful French revolutionary to suicide, and tortured Holmes (with the full intent to kill him) with a meathook while humming Schubert. Though his plans to jump-start WW 1 are never fully enacted (due to a botched assassination attempt and his own death at the hands of Holmes), his sadism and sociopathic behavior is more than enough to make him the most monstrous criminal Holmes has ever encountered.
* CrazyAwesome: Holmes, who else?!
* CrowningMusicOfAwesome:
** The musical score by Hans Zimmer is so wonderfully eclectic. Who knew a harpsichord could sound so epic?
** ''Rocky Road to Dublin'' played by ''The Dubliners,'' played over Holmes' pit fighting scene, and again over the ending credits.
** ''Game of Shadows'' pinches Ennio Morricone's theme from ''Two Mules for Sister Sara''.
** The film's distinctive piano tones? Done by Zimmer and his crew taking an old piano and doing "hideous things" to it just to get it [[StylisticSuck as out of tune as he wanted.]]
* EarWorm: The main theme, which pops up over the course of the film in different styles (from HansZimmer, ''of course'').
* FandomRivalry: With the similarly recent and contemporary audience-aiming ''{{Series/Sherlock}}''.
* GeniusBonus: The revolver that Holmes leaves behind causing Watson to say "He left it there on purpose" to the dog? It's a [[StealthPun Webley Bulldog]].
** Also, the revolver he uses as the base for his [[HollywoodSilencer home made silencer]]? A [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nagant_M1895 Nagant M1895]] revolver. [[ImproperlyPlacedFirearms It's a Russian gun that wasn't made until four years later]], but it's also the only revolver that ''can'' have a silencer put on it in real life.
** When Gladstone collapses in the second film (just before Holmes gives Watson his [[ChekhovsGun wedding present]]), Holmes mentions to Watson that he's been experimenting with ''Ricinus communis''-- the castor oil plant from which the poison ricin is derived.
** Holmes credits Adler on "Scandal ruins engagement between Habsburg Prince and Romanov Princess," a subtle reference to the original story, a ''Scandal in Bohemia'', where Irene Adler plays a major role. Bohemia, of course, was part of Austria-Hungary, ruled by the House of Habsburg.
* HarsherInHindsight: In-universe. At the end of the first movie. Irene tease Holmes that he'll miss her which he agrees. Then came the opening of the second movie and Holmes later learning of her fate...
* HoYay: Already a major part of fanon regarding Holmes and Watson, but the movies intentionally play it up as much as they can. The sequel builds this up to almost blatant levels: Holmes acts almost as if he's giving Watson away to marriage, and during a short scuffle on the train Watson tears Holmes' top off while straddling him. And then Holmes asks Watson to lie down on the floor with him...
** Which then comes to a fantastic head with the dancing scene.
* ItWasHisSled: In ''A Game of Shadows'', anyone who's read the books knew what to expect when Mycroft dropped the name of Reichenbach, Switzerland.
* LikeYouWouldReallyDoIt: In ''A Game of Shadows'', when Holmes briefly appears to die on the train. Obviously the plot can't go on without him, and any Holmes fan knows that even if the writers ''did'' kill off Holmes, he would have to die alongside Moriarty. (Which makes the ''second'' death scene a lot more convincing.)
* MagnificentBastard:
** Lord Blackwood.
** And [[spoiler:Moriarty]].
** A case could be made for Holmes as well, particularly with the examination of one of Dredger's comrades in Watson's room. Holmes knows exactly how to pique Watson's interest, tricks him into supplying the answer to a question, and when he leaves to investigate a factory by the wharf, conveniently leaves his revolver behind, knowing that Watson will follow him to see that he has it. Watson realizes this as well. "He's left it there on purpose."
* MisBlamed: Many aspects of the film (i.e. Holmes and especially Watson - stereotyped as a bumbling sidekick - as action heroes, Holmes as a bohemian) which were criticized as being unfaithful to the original stories actually are (relatively) faithful to them - it's PopculturalOsmosis of [[LostInImitation less faithful adaptations]] that makes these aspects seem especially out-of-place. (Still, one mustn't discount the undeniable CharacterExaggeration in this interpretation.)
** The movie also lacks Holmes's deerstalker hat and the "Elementary, my dear Watson!" catchphrase, both of which are extremely common in adaptations of ''Literature/SherlockHolmes''. As its name implies, the deerstalker was made for hunters, not for everyday city wear. It's only mentioned twice in the stories[[note]]not actually called a "deerstalker", but it's the only hat that fits the description, and thusly illustrated[[/note]], worn by Holmes appropriately in the countryside. Despite this it's become part of his IconicOutfit whereever he goes. As for "Elementary, my dear Watson!", Holmes [[BeamMeUpScotty never said the exact phrase]] in the stories.
* MoralEventHorizon: At first, Professor Moriarty comes across as an AffablyEvil WorthyOpponent to Holmes, but any possible claim to playing fair is utterly destroyed when he announces his intent to make Watson collateral damage for no other reason than to hurt Holmes, and in the same breath reveals that he has already [[spoiler: poisoned Irene Adler because she outlived her usefulness]]. And that's just the beginning; he speeds joyfully deeper throughout the course of the movie. Disturbingly brutal torture is involved.
* ParanoiaFuel: Holmes' urban camouflage. He could be hiding in your room, watching what you're doing, ''right now''. The end?
* SecretlyWealthy: Mycroft, in the canon (''The Bruce-Partington Plans''), is said to be a relatively low-ranking official, drawing a salary of 450 pounds per year[[note]]Which was a respectable amount of money back then, a [[BritsWithBattleships Royal Navy]] Captain made about 375 pounds per year in 1893 and an Admiral maybe double that[[/note]] and too lazy to seek high public positions. In the film, he owns a majestic country house. One so secretly placed it's the ideal hiding place for Mary.
* SerialNumbersFiledOff: ''Vidocq'', a 2001 French film, has many features similar to the first movie. Its protagonist is Eugene Francois Vidocq (1775 - 1857), a real-life French [[ReformedCriminal criminal-turned-investigator]] who is often called the first PrivateDetective of all time. Instead of using established "canon" material, it pits Vidocq against a supernatural killer who ostensibly uses magic to murder his victims and has ties to the very top of Parisian society. Recycle these ideas [[RecycledINSPACE IN LONDON]] and you've got this film.
* [[HesJustHiding She's Just Hiding:]] It's fairly common to see fans purposing ways [[spoiler:Irene Adler's death]] didn't actually happen. Check the WMG page for a few of them.
* {{Squick}}: The slaughterhouse sequence. How they showed pigs being sliced in half and getting a PG-13 rating is a mystery worthy of Holmes. Perhaps slicing up pig carcasses, as opposed to living pigs, is fair game for the censors.
** That scene was made more disturbing for many by the sounds the band saw made while cutting through the meat. In addition to the usual mechanical whizzing a saw would make, the effects team added the shrill sound of a pig squealing in pain or terror to the saw noise. The overall effect of the sound was brilliantly subtle and made the scene even more uncomfortable to watch than it would've been normally.
* TaintedByThePreview: There was much wailing and rending of garments on the news that Creator/RobertDowneyJr. and Jude Law had been cast as the leads in, and Guy Ritchie was to direct, a ''Film/SherlockHolmes'' movie. Holmesians all around the world were wary, mainly because Downey Jr didn't look like Holmes as he was described and illustrated in the books at all, but some maintained a let's wait and see attitude. Furthermore, Guy Ritchie's previous films, style and recent lack of notable success inspired worry. Then the [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QUQbmFAE5WI trailer]] came out, that made Holmes seem more like if ''Series/{{House}}'' and ''Film/IronMan'' had a baby in Victorian times than the real Sherlock Holmes and everyone ''but'' the fans were happy. Some gave up [[InkStainAdaptation and feared the worst]] and some preferred to [[NeverTrustATrailer Wait and See]]. [[BrokenBase Heated Arguments arose]] and every new clip and trailer served to make the matters worse, but some minds were changed. Then the movie came out, and while opinions on how good of a story it was differ, most agree that Downey and Law did a great job as Holmes and Watson while others put them amongst the most beloved like Brett and David Burke/Edward Hardwicke. One thing to note though is that very few and maybe no Holmesians claimed that it was ruined since the 123 year old Fandom has seen worse, a lot worse, this decade alone (see: ''Case of Evil'').
* TearJerker: [[spoiler:Irene's death]] stands out as the most prominent.
* TheUntwist: The identity of Irene Adler's employer ([[spoiler:Professor Moriarty]]) is this to a lot of people. Given that we are actually told early on that he's a professor, it's possible that the director intended it as a [[GeniusBonus Fan Bonus]] so that it would be obvious only to fans.
* TheyWastedAPerfectlyGoodPlot: [[spoiler:The radio transmitter is no way carried on into the sequel. However, with the second sequel in production, it could be a [[CrazyPrepared contingency plan]] for Moriarty.]]
** Also, the death of Irene Adler feels like a waste when you consider they obviously thought the two heroes one villainess formula worked from last film, but felt they should have her carry the IdiotBall enough to keep an appointment with Moriarty after she failed him. Plus, it really ticks off Literature/NeroWolfe fans...
* WTHCastingAgency: At first, people are skeptical about choosing [[RobertDowneyJr the guy]] who played Creator/CharlieChaplin, [[Film/IronMan Tony "Iron Man" Stark]] and [[Film/TropicThunder Kirk "a dude playin' a dude, disguised as another dude" Lazarus]] as Holmes. Being the skilled actor he is, he ''nailed'' it. Downey Jr. ''himself'' was at first puzzled as to why they wanted him for the part.

----