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* AdaptationDisplacement: Despite being credited as the TropeCodifier for dystopian fiction, George Orwell was inspired to write this novel after reading the Russian novel ''Literature/{{We}}''.
* AlternativeCharacterInterpretation: Given that the Party's doctrine is that of [[AlternateCharacterInterpretation Alternate Reality Interpretation]], and that the viewpoint character is repeatedly {{mind rape}}d in the end, it can be argued that we don't know what really happens post-Room 101. All that can be trusted is what Winston sees with his own eyes up until the cage snaps shut.
** Also, since he doesn't leave Airstrip One, we have no clue as to the state of the world - is Oceania real? Is it the entire world? Is there a Brotherhood after all? Nothing can be taken for granted, even the InfoDump book that pops up halfway through (''especially'' the book, given that one of the Inner Party members claims credit for its authorship, and hands out copies).
*** It's a little bit of a stretch but we can't be exactly sure if Party even controls all of the British Isle. Could be half of it, just England or hell, maybe only London and its imminent surrounding. Which might explain whole "running out of resources" thing.
** A common suggestion is that the 'scholarly' appendix on Newspeak is written in a manner that deliberately subverts this DownerEnding, given that it ''is'' written in the past tense...
*** When 1984 was to first be published in America, the publisher wished to remove the appendix, but Orwell refused to have it published without, saying that the book would have to be reworked if such a large chunk was to be cut out. This incident, along with a few hand-picked statements of Orwell around the time the book was written, form the basis for including the appendix into the work.
*** We explicitly never do learn if there's a Brotherhood or not. An alternate, admittedly optimistic interpretation would be that the Brotherhood did exist and that O'Brien was part of it, and that Winston and Julia's capture and death were in fact due to the latter's refusal to give up everything for the Brotherhood. Granted, that'd just make the Brotherhood no better than the Party.
** The Ministries may actually be true to their names [[FromACertainPointOfView from a certain point of view.]] and using The Party's way of thinking. The Ministry of Truth can be justified with doublethink, you may be able to consider the rations you are given by the Ministry of Plenty to be "plenty" from Big Brother's logic, the Ministry of Peace is justified through "WAR IS PEACE" and the Ministry of Love is where you learn to love Big Brother.
*** The Ministry of Truth ''manufactures'' truth as defined by the party. The Ministry of Peace makes a state of internal peace in Oceania by depleting resources.
* CrowningMusicOfAwesome: [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_p9_7xXlR0s Fascist, yes, but stirring.]]
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IcTP7YWPayU Sex crime!]]
* FandomBerserkButton: Lots of people think this book depicts a society where you're under surveillance all the time. You aren't, not ''all'' of the time. You just don't know when you're being watched and when you aren't.
** There's also the misconception that ''everyone'' is watched and under the government's heel. Only government officials are watched; the 80% of the population that is the Proles are essentially "free" (hence the slogan "Proles and animals are free").
* FanWank: Much has been made of the Newspeak appendix being written in the past tense. Many think it points to the eventual fall of The Party, but Orwell never confirmed or denied it.
* GeniusBonus: In the final scene when Winston is playing chess in the Chestnut Tree Café, he picks up a White knight from the board and contemplates a move. The arrangement of the pieces on the chess board suggests that he is considering the tactic of going around and hitting the opposing Black army from behind. Only minutes later, the telescreen announcer reports that the Oceanian forces had just defeated the Eurasian enemy in Africa by using the same tactic.
** Also, Winston's ulcerated ankle is a metaphor for repressed sexual energy.
* HarsherInHindsight: [[http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23391081-george-orwell-big-brother-is-watching-your-house.do By 2007, Britain was home to more than 4.2 million CCTV cameras]] monitored by government or civil authorities. 32 of them are within 200 yards of Orwell's London flat, and at least four have a direct line-of-sight to his property, including direct views through the house's rear windows. These numbers have certainly increased since then.
** The totalitarian society the book describes has been more or less realized by UsefulNotes/NorthKorea, which managed to create a state similar to the condition of Oceania a few ''years'' after the book was published.
** Following Snowden's revelation of [[http://www.dslreports.com/shownews/XMissions-Ashdown-Talks-About-NSA-Snooping-Hardware-Gag-Orders-125078 the extent of the American surveillance state]] and [[http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2013/jun/25/germany-uk-gchq-internet-surveillance the complicity of its Western allies]], [[http://money.cnn.com/2013/06/12/news/1984-nsa-snowden/index.html?section=money_topstories&utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+rss%2Fmoney_topstories+%28Top+Stories%29 the sales of this book has skyrocketed]]. At one point, the sales jumped at '''''[[OverNineThousand 10,000%]]'''''. It even spawned a meme, '[[BlackComedy 1984 is not an instruction manual]]'.
** Also, O'Brien's speech to Winston and Julia in his apartment.
* HilariousInHindsight: It's briefly discussed that the Minitrue has a section dedicated to producing porn, which Julia works for. The porn is [[IKEAErotica barely considered sexual or erotic]], and is more SoBadItsGood than anything else. [[FanFic Then the internet happened]].
* HoYay: Winston is ''pretty'' obsessed with O'Brien.
** To be fair, Winston was fairly certain O'Brien could get him out of HellOnEarth.
** The feeling can be seen as mutual, particularly after it's implied that O'Brien has been working on Smith as his "pet project" for seven years.
* MagnificentBastard: O'Brien. He's an AffablyEvil GeniusBruiser {{Chessmaster}} ManipulativeBastard who comes off as very charismatic even while he's torturing Winston and ensures the Party's endless victories against all [[LaResistance would-be rebels.]]
* MarySuetopia: A Straw Dystopia, where one of the members of StateSec even thinks that The Party will last forever, despite that in reality, there obviously would be corruption, revolts, sabotage and failures in surveillance system, inefficency and crises of economics, lack of professionals and social lifts which will lead to failures in the work of state... the list can go on.
* MemeticMutation[=/=]FountainOfMemes: Screw "TheCakeIsALie", this is the work that informs modern life, with "Big Brother" and "BigBrotherIsWatching You", "doublethink" "{{Unperson}}", "thought crime" and "thought police", and "Room101". While we're at it, there's the [[strike: the war with Eastasia]] Eastasia is our ally. We were always at war with Eurasia. Really, the government in the novel communicates to the public almost entirely through memes.
** Artefacts of the pre-Party times survive as memes too: "Oranges and lemons, say the bells of St. Clements..."
* MisaimedFandom: If you think Orwell was solely attacking DirtyCommunists (or, worse, liberals), you've missed the point. Fascist totalitarian regimes and religious theocracies can grow from other movements as well. The reverse is true, as well.
** There are those who believe the novel is an attack on socialism, ignoring the fact that Orwell was a committed socialist
** Some people consider the character of Emmanuel Goldstein to be a symbol of rebellion against tyranny because of his status in the book as a boogeyman for the Party. However, it's likely Goldstein was based on Leon Trotsky, whom Orwell considered not much better than the Communists he rebelled against.
* MisaimedMarketing: The extremely famous 1984 Super Bowl Ad for Apple Computers.
* MusicToInvadePolandTo: ''[[http://youtu.be/_p9_7xXlR0s Oceania, 'Tis of Thee]]'' from the 1984 film.
* NightmareFuel: Vicious propaganda, endless war and all, culminating in Winston's hideous MindRape at the hands of the Ministry of Love, with the last few lines deserving to be in its own category of terror.
** Room 101 ''embodies'' NightmareFuel, as it takes the biggest fear a person has and exploits it fully.
* OlderThanTheyThink: Many of the themes from ''Nineteen Eighty-Four'' appear earlier in Orwell's work. The idea of "the truth" being whatever the ruling elite says (including the specific example of '2+2 = 5')? Chapter Four of ''[[http://www.george-orwell.org/Looking_Back_On_The_Spanish_War/0.html Looking Back on the Spanish War]]''. [[LanguageEqualsThought Political jargon constricting thought?]] ''[[http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/orwell46.htm Politics and the English Language]]'', and before that, his ''As I Please'' [[http://wintermute10.tripod.com/AIP-14.htm column]] for March 17, 1944. [[SpaceFillingEmpire The world being divided between a small number of super-states?]] He [[http://www.k-1.com/Orwell/site/work/essays/burnham.html cribbed it]] from James Burnham. History being an endless cycle of the "Middle" deceiving the "Low" in order to depose the "High"? Ditto. Doublethink, 'the power of holding simultaneously two beliefs which cancel out'? ''[[http://orwell.ru/library/articles/nose/english/e_nose In Front of Your Nose]]''. The aversion of EvilWillFail? Chapter Four of ''Looking Back on the Spanish War'', again. The working class (proles) as the only hope against a totalitarian government, but also [[WorkingClassPeopleAreMorons very stupid and shallow]]? Chapter ''Five'' of ''Looking Back on the Spanish War''. The metaphor of a totalitarian government as a boot stamping on the face of humanity? From Jack London's ''The Iron Heel''.
* '''''ParanoiaFuel''''': Almost certainly, the worst part in 1984 is that it's plausible.
* [[PraisingShowsYouDontWatch Praising Books You Don't Read]]: Ironically, especially given how often just about ''any'' development in how the government works will be met with comparisons to ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour'', according to a British survey it's also [[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/booknews/4938155/Two-thirds-lie-about-reading-a-book.html the book most people lie about having read]].
* SciFiGhetto: Many literature professors will get ''very angry'' if you call this "Science Fiction," even though it's set in the future, with a level of surveillance impossible at the book's writing central to the plot and tone and the climax clearly relying on some sort of ultra-sophisticated psychological profiling.
** The otherworldly pyramid architecture of the Ministry buildings. While not necessarily containing an outright sci-fi element, their description evokes a futuristic, utopian feel.
* TearJerker:
** [[DespairEventHorizon "Do it to Julia!"]]
** In the final chapter, a sweet memory floats into Winston's mind from his childhood about a happy afternoon when he played Snakes and Ladders with his mother. It's a memory he would've treasured earlier, but now he pushes it out of his mind, declaring it to be false.
* TrueArtIsAngsty: The book is considered one of the greatest ever written, and it's one of the most depressing ones you'll ever read.
* TheWoobie: Winston and Julia, ''especially'' in the movie.
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