* AlternateCharacterInterpretation: One bible study published online suggests that the book doesn't mention God because Esther and Mordecai are examples of non-religious Jewish People who save the day doing morally questionable acts. (Examples given include the protagonists not relying on God but trickery and the Jewish people using the plot against them as an excuse to murder their enemies and seize their property and then having a really big drunken party to celebrate it)
* CompleteMonster: [[EvilChancellor Haman]], a {{treacherous advisor}} offended by [[EvilIsPetty one Jew's refusal to bow to him]], used this as justification for [[FinalSolution plotting the genocide of the Jewish people]]. Various Judaic traditions elaborate on this, noting [[PoliticallyIncorrectVillain Haman]] had a picture of an idol embroidered onto his robes so that he could force Jews bowing to him to violate the taboo against kneeling to idols. The very trees from which he hoped to build his gallows recoiled from his unclean presence, and unlike some Biblical antagonists, he's not an agent of divine retribution, just a self-important bastard who can't accept being disrespected. Even Haman's wife tells to his face that he has [[MoralEventHorizon gone over the line]], and that his obsession with killing the Jews would soon become self-destructive; he ignores her and goes ahead with his plans. His name has become a watchword for anti-Semitism and he is viewed in rabbinical tradition as an archetypal evil figure.
* {{Woolseyism}}: The name for the Persian king used in the story is "Ahasuerus", which is a Greek equivalent to the name "Xerxes". Later translation have thus replaced the former name with the latter. Others, however, translate it as "Artaxerxes", who was Xerxes I's son.
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