!! ''Beowulf''

!!! [[Literature/{{Beowulf}} Poem]]

* DracoInLeatherPants: A lot of adaptations, such as John Gardner's ''Literature/{{Grendel}}'', the 2005 film ''Beowulf and Grendel'', and the 2007 film, tend to portray Grendel sympathetically, despite the fact that in the poem, out of the three monsters, he's the one the narrator condemns the harshest and the most often.
* FirstInstallmentWins: The first portion of the story is the most familiar to the layman, including such well-known elements as Beowulf's having the strength of thirty men and ripping Grendel's arm off.
* HoYay: In Seamus Heaney's translation, Hrothgar's farewell to Beowulf seems extremely... intimate.
* ValuesDissonance:
** To the Anglo-Saxons, Beowulf would be a perfect hero, representing all that the Anglo-Saxons stand for. To modern readers, Beowulf can come off as a selfish, arrogant brute who perpetually seeks fame.
** Although the text repeatedly conveys that Beowulf's defeat of Grendel was a noble act, the description of the scene is so bone-crunchingly brutal that it makes Beowulf look downright sadistic. You almost feel sorry for Grendel. This is part of the reason that more people are making Grendel a DracoInLeatherPants in modern times. The mere fact that Grendel is a descendant of [[Literature/TheBible Cain]] would've struck most Anglo-Saxons as reason enough for Grendel to be deserving of his miserable life in the swamp- to a modern reader, punishing someone for their ancestor's deeds just comes across as petty.
* {{Woolseyism}}: Seamus Heaney's translation. On the one hand, it was done by a {{Nobel Prize|In Literature}}-winning poet, so it reads very well to say the least. On the other hand, he took a lot of liberties with the text, such as anglicizing the name "Scyld Scefing" to "Shield Sheafson." Needless to say, there's a BrokenBase on this one.
** One instance was to enforce a [[OneSteveLimit One Beowulf Limit]] -- both Scyld's son and our hero are both called "Beowulf" in the original, and so Heaney changed the former's name to simply "Beow" for clarity.
* TheWoobie: Poor, poor Hrothgar. You just want to build the next wonder of the world, and for years to come a monster is feasting on your men, and you know you can't do anything about it. When you finally get rid of the monster, another one comes and kills one of your best warriors. When ''that'' one is taken care of, you're so grateful towards the hero that did it that you hope to meet him again, but know that you won't because you're dying, and after you're dead, your prized hall is destroyed and your nephew, who you hope to watch over your sons, ends up killing them. Hrothgar's life ''sucks.''

!!! [[Film/{{Beowulf}} 2007 film]]

* AwesomeMusic: Creator/IdinaMenzel singing ''"A Hero Comes Home"'' is just beautiful.
* BestKnownfortheFanservice: Jolie emerging slowly from the water is probably the first thing people will recall about the film.
* EvilIsSexy: Grendel's Mother. Profoundly averted by Grendel himself, though.
* FamilyUnfriendlyAesop: Stories of heroism are basically lies told in order to cover up questionable or outright shitty behavior, and by the time you realize you shouldn't have told the story in the first place, you'll be too old and filled with regret for it to matter. This isn't entirely untrue - see Plato's Republic for more on the dangers of "true" heroic stories.
* HilariousInHindsight: After Beowulf tears off Grendel's arm, King Hrothgar (played by {{Creator/Anthony Hopkins}}) says "Odin be praised." [[{{Film/Thor}} Guess he heard his praise after all...]]
** This wouldn't be the last time {{Creator/Angelina Jolie}} played a supernatural creature who has [[Film/{{Maleficent}} a dark past with a human king]].
* {{Narm}}: Naked Beowulf, and the SceneryCensor the animators employ to hide his penis. It's hard to find a critic who didn't compare this to ''AustinPowers''.
** The fact that Grendel looks like a giant fish finger.
* NarmCharm: In a movie where the protagonist is the largest of [[LargeHam Large Hams]], this isn't surprising. Other characters [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CavYj784Y8Y get in on the action, too.]]
* NightmareFuel: As Grendel's Mother lays Grendel's body to rest, she is humming and quietly sobbing. Eventually her wailing degenerates into an utterly blood-curdling shriek that echoes throughout the mountains. Grendel's Mother is the original MamaBear in Anglo-Saxon folklore, and a viewer knows then and there that she is ''pissed beyond all reason and is coming for revenge''.
* OlderThanTheyThink: This film is often accused of plagiarizing ''[[ThreeHundred 300]]'', with the line [[SayMyName "I! AM! BEOWULF!"]] being a bit too similar to "THIS! IS! SPARTA!" and the line "TONIGHT! WILL BE DIFFERENT!" being rather akin to "TONIGHT! WE DINE! IN HELL!" What these people don't realize is that there's a thing called AnimationLeadTime. Filming of ''Beowulf'' was done long before filming of ''300'' began.
* StoicWoobie : Wealthow verges on this when she looks a bit sad at the beginning of the movie.
* TearJerker: The loss of Grendel's arm. Instead of just ripping it off, Beowulf pulls it taut with a chain and ''crushes'' it off by slamming Herot's door on it repeatedly while Grendel desperately tries to tell the Geats that he's not a demon and cries in fear as Beowulf screams at him.
* TheyJustDidntCare: Robert Zemeckis ''openly expressed his hatred'' for the poem on which it was based, so all the nuance and meaning of the poem is completely ignored, radically changing the story and essentially making it an InNameOnly adaptation.
* UncannyValley: A bit disturbing at first, but gets better as the film goes on. Clearly, the crew learned a few things from ''ThePolarExpress''. For the most part, the expressions and characters themselves don't invoke this a whole lot. But there is a slightly creepy air whenever they're prominently handling objects or interacting with them, due to the objects not seeming to have any weight and simply "float" in the characters' hands.
* VillainSue: There does not seem to be any way to harm Grendel's mother. The method Beowulf uses to kill her in the poem was never tried or even hinted at, so that might still be a viable option but we otherwise have no reason to believe the movie version is anything but invincible.
* WhatDoYouMeanItsNotForKids: Director Robert Zemeckis had originally intended to release an NC-17 version for IMAX theatres and a PG-13 version for regular theatres but was forced by Paramount to deliver an R rating. The final version was rated PG-13, which surprised many people on the production (including Angelina Jolie, who did not see the film as family-friendly and refused to let her children see it).