Yosemite Sam is a cartoon character starring in ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' and ''Merry Melodies''. Having an intense hatred of rabbits, he is an ArchEnemy of WesternAnimation/BugsBunny.

Yosemite Sam was introduced in 1945 by Creator/FrizFreleng as more antagonistic, less sympathetic enemy for Bugs Bunny than the rather mellow and well-mannered Elmer Fudd. Sam is most often the agressor in the cartoons he stars in, allowing Bugs to unleash his KarmicTrickster on him without losing any audience sympathy.

Sam has been portrayed either as a prospector, outlaw, pirate, cowboy, {{black knight}}, etc., depending on the cartoon, sometimes with different alias if the setting isn't based on Western. At heart, he stays a (usually gunslinging) cowboy, anyway.

Chuck Jones had a great-uncle who used to stay with his family sometimes; he was a retired Texas Ranger, short, redheaded, with an huge mustache and a hair-trigger temper, and generally thought to be the model of Sam.

!! Yosemite Sam (and his cartoons) have shown the following tropes:

* AttackAttackRetreatRetreat: "Bunker Hill Bunny": Yosemite Sam charges towards Bugs Bunny's fortress... only to run inside huge cannon. As soon as he realizes this, he screams "Retreat!". Doubles as an OhCrap moment.
* BadassMoustache: Yosemite Sam sports a huge muttonchop mustache, along with a smaller beard. He even has a musical in ''WesternAnimation/TheLooneyTunesShow'' where it ''sings to him'' about being his lifelong friend and persuading him to never shave it. In the song, it also displays PrehensileHair abilities, complete with punching out WesternAnimation/DaffyDuck for laughing at Sam getting knocked down. In the same show, it's revealed he's had it since he was a baby.
* {{Catch Phrase}}s: "I hates rabbits." / "Great [[AccidentalInnuendo horny]] toads!"
* FieryRedhead: Quite obviously.
* FiringInTheAirALot: Sam will enter the scene shooting every which way, including propelling himself up in the air by firing down.
* HairTriggerTemper: His [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3MYiIYBzrsc&list=PLFPBJZerHfE6WfVvdco9ucjM_s92Dd7G5&index=3 first musical number, "Blow My Stack"]] in ''WesternAnimation/TheLooneyTunesShow'' even revolves around it. The 1960 short "From Hare to Heir" has Bugs exploit Yosemite's problems with anger management by deducting from his 1 million pound inheritance for each time he is observed (or even rumored to be) losing his temper (of course, with Bugs aggravating him at every turn).
* HiddenDepths: In ''WesternAnimation/TheLooneyTunesShow'', where he admits to having worked at a library, is implied to practice meditation to try and control his temper, and attends Anger Management classes. At the end of ''You Got Hate Mail'', before angrily kicking out a book club, he [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qeWP8_vBZdg gives them a very accurate summary]] as to why their new novel protagonist fails to be a meaningful character.
* IdiotBall: Yosemite Sam digging for "buried treasure" on bottom of a ship... [[WhatAnIdiot what a maroon.]]
** "Mutiny on the Bunny" is only the tip of the iceberg.
* IHaveManyNames: Shanghai Sam, Sam von Schmamm, Riff-Raff Sam, Sam Schultz, etc.
* IneffectualSympatheticVillain: While designed to be a case downplayed from Elmer Fudd, his zeal and abuse still makes him somewhat pitiful.
* ItIsPronouncedTroPAY: Sam pronounces "Yosemite" as "Yo-sam-ity".
* {{Jerkass}}: Created for the purpose of being more belligerent than Elmer, giving Bugs a more menacing opponent (or at the very least a palpable AssholeVictim) he could look heroic against.
* LargeHam
* TheNapoleon: Initially lots of jokes were about his height, and he sure is irascible.
* NewJobAsThePlotDemands: Never seems to have the same profession twice. He's not even a cowboy half the time.
* OhCrap: See "AttackAttackRetreatRetreat" example above.
* TookALevelInKindness: In ''WesternAnimation/TheLooneyTunesShow'', where he's no longer such a jerkass and obeys the laws about not firing off his guns at random. According to his musical "Blow My Stack", he's taken several jobs to try and keep his temper under control, but he's just not able to hold himself back.
* WorthIt: Played straight in “WesternAnimation/HoneysMoney” (see its own entry); subverted in “Hare Trimmed” (when he beats a hasty retreat at the altar).
** Curiously, the former involved a $5 million inheritance and the latter was $50 million.