A 1975 animated television special created by Creator/MauriceSendak (based on some of his children's books[[note]]Namely, ''The Sign on Rosie's Door'', as well as the ''Nutshell Library'' books.[[/note]]) and performed by Music/CaroleKing, which was later adapted into an off Broadway play.

Rosie (voiced by King) is a young girl who lives on Brooklyn's Avenue P and dreams of stardom. She decides she wants to make a movie about her life (in particular the "[[BlatantLies demise]]" of her brother, Chicken Soup), and demands that her friends (Kathy, Pierre, Alligator, and Johnny, aka The Nutshell Kids[[note]]Although technically, Kathy is from ''The Sign on Rosie's Door''.[[/note]]) all perform a "screen test" to get themselves a role. Each of these turns into a DisneyAcidSequence depicting a story from one of Sendak's ''Nutshell Library'' books, with Rosie singing.

First up, Johnny performs "One Was Johnny", a counting song in which Johnny finds himself driven to distraction by various intruders in his home, including a rat, a cat, a dog, a turtle, a bird, a tiger, a monkey, and a thief. Eventually he loses his temper and insists that if they don't depart immediately he will eat all of them. The creatures flee, leaving Johnny by himself, which he enjoys. Rosie praises Johnny's performance.

Next, Alligator ([[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin an actual alligator]]) insists on auditioning, by performing "Alligators All Around" an alphabet song based around AddedAlliterativeAppeal and producing related items from a BagOfHolding. Rosie is less receptive of this performance, stating "Don't call us, we'll call you".

Pierre doesn't want anything to do with Rosie's film, and insists that he [[CatchPhrase doesn't care]] what happened to Chicken Soup. Rosie tricks him by implying that Chicken Soup was in fact ''eaten'', and Pierre enthusiastically tells his own life story, "Pierre". In it, he is a willful brat who announces "I don't care!" in response to ''everything'' and refuses to behave. A lion threatens to eat him, but he still claims not to care. After he is eaten, Pierre's parents find the lion sick in Pierre's bed, with their son's voice still saying "I don't care!" from within. Turning the lion upside down frees Pierre, who decides he cares after all.

A thunderstorm breaks out, and the Nutshell Kids flee indoors, where Rosie finally tells them what happened to Chicken Soup; he prepared a bowl of soup, didn't notice a small bone within, and choked to death. The kids decide to act this out, and Chicken Soup himself enters and wonders why everyone is lying down.

Rosie insists that he audition as well, and the others want to join in. The entire group performs "Chicken Soup With Rice", a song which celebrates the titular dish in a different way for every month of the year. After they finish, Rosie tells her friends that they can ''all'' be in her movie, but by now they have lost interest and go their separate ways. Rosie nonetheless decides that her film has been a great success.

[[RefrainFromAssuming Has nothing to do with]] Rosie O'Donnell, or Creator/{{Roseanne}}[[note]]Although the latter once had an [[CelebrityToons animated series]] called "Little Rosey".[[/note]].

!!The Animated Special Contains The Following Tropes:

* AdaptationDyeJob: In the original books, both Johnny and "Chicken Soup" looked exactly like Pierre.
* AddedAlliterativeAppeal: "Alligators All Around" is based on this trope, for every letter of the alphabet. It's even in the title.
* AffablyEvil: The lion in "Pierre". It wants to eat the little boy, but warns him first. When eating Pierre makes him ill, he allows the kid to be released, offers him and his parents a ride home on his back, and stays on as a weekend guest in their home.
* BadassMustache: Johnny dons a false one in order to deliver his threat in "One Was Johnny", presumably to seem more intimidating.
* BagOfHolding: Alligator has his mom toss one down for "Alligators All Around". It contains a multitude of props to use during the song, some of which clearly can't fit inside. It even gets set on fire briefly, but somehow doesn't get burnt.
* BrokenRecord:
-->There once was a boy named Pierre / Who only would say "I don't care!"...
* CatchPhrase: Pierre - "I don't care!"
* CreatorCameo: Maurice Sendak provides a dog's bark.
* DarkerAndEdgier: The (off-broadway[[note]]School play versions may or may not have these parts, or might be tamer in comparison.[[/note]]) stage play includes some frank examples of the main characters being slapped or screamed at by their parents. It also makes clear that this version of Rosie isn't nearly so happy or at peace with herself as the version in the special.
* DeadpanSnarker: All of the nutshell kids to a degree, but especially Alligator with his signs.
* ADogNamedDog: Or in this case, an alligator named Alligator.
* DramaQueen: Rosie. She acts very dramatic.
* DramaticThunder: Done during the "Ballad of Chicken Soup" song. It also occurs right before she sings it, after ominously asking her friends "Did you hear what happened to Chicken Soup?" lightning flashes and [[CueTheRain it starts to rain]].
* DisneyAcidSequence: All the "screen tests" are this. There are also a number of more normal songs, sung by Rosie in the "real world" that avert this trope.
* EasilyForgiven: The lion in "Pierre". His parents forgive it for ''eating'' their son (though he is none the worse for it) and even allow it to stay the weekend. At least it offered them a ride home.
* ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin: Alligator, who is an alligator. Also, Chicken Soup really likes chicken soup.
* ExtremeOmnivore: Johnny claims he will eat ''all'' the creatures infesting his home, [[ImAHumanitarian including a human being]], if they don't leave at once. He was probably bluffing, but they take the threat seriously enough.
* FurryConfusion: Alligator is fairly anthropomorphic, possessing hands, wearing clothing, and walking upright. No other animal in the special does so, though some of them can talk. And during "Chicken Soup With Rice", he joins the other kids in riding on a (non-anthropomorphic) crocodile's back.
* GenkiGirl: Rosie. She is always full of energy.
* {{I Am Song}}: Both "Really Rosie" (and its reprise) and "Screaming and Yelling".
* {{Jerkass}}: Pierre, who comes off like a prepubescent [[Webcomic/{{Shortpacked}} Mike Warner]].
* KidsAreCruel: The Nutshell Kids clearly don't believe for a second that Chicken Soup is actually dead (they show no surprise when he turns up), but they still find Rosie's story about him choking to death rather amusing and play along enthusiastically.
* LargeHam: Rosie [[IncrediblyLamePun in a Nutshell]].
* LionsAndTigersAndHumansOhMy: No one at all finds it unusual in the slightest that one of the kids is an anthropomorphic alligator.
* MoralityBallad: "Pierre", with the [[AnAesop Aesop]] "You should care". [[FantasticAesop At least if a lion wants to eat you]].
* TheMusical: The Off-Broadway version ran for 274 performances, and remains a staple of children's theater productions.
* NiceHat: Rosie dons one that would make Creator/MaeWest envious. Chicken Soup wears a chef's toque.
* PopStarComposer: Music/CaroleKing, at or not long after her artistic and commercial peak, wrote the music to the songs.
* SpaceWhaleAesop: If you don't care, your parents will leave you at home and you'll be swallowed whole by a lion.
* SwallowedWhole: Pierre in his song. He's perfectly fine once they hold the beast upside down and get it to roar.
* TalkingWithSigns: Alligator tends to do this, even though he is capable of speech.
* TitleThemeTune:
-->"I'm really Rosie, and I'm Rosie real..."
* TrademarkFavoriteFood: Take a guess what [[MeaningfulName Chicken Soup]] likes to eat.[[labelnote:hint]]It has "rice" in it...[[/labelnote]]
* TwoGirlsToATeam: Rosie and Kathy are the only girls.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: Rosie was inspired by a girl Sendak knew in his childhood, who was constantly singing on her balcony.