%% No need to list the heroes here, we don't want edit wars.
%% Please help move wicks to Main.FateStayNight to VisualNovel.FateStayNight. Click on the "Related to" button above to start.
%% Yes, we get it, the game has multiple endings. No need to pothole it every time the word ending comes up.
%% Make sure you read ExampleIndentation before editing.
%%
[[quoteright:350:[[SummoningRitual http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Fate_stay_night_-_are_you_my_master_9174.png]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:''I ask of you: Are you my Master?'']]

->''My body is made out of swords.\\
My blood is of iron, and my heart of glass.\\
I have survived countless battles.\\
Not even once have I retreated,\\
Not even once have I been understood.\\
I was always alone, intoxicated with victory on the hill of swords.\\
\\
And thus, my life has no meaning.\\
Truly, this body was made out of swords.''

There exists a [[TheLifestream plane outside of human concepts]], and within there is the Throne of Heroes. Here, the records of the brave men and women whose lives have become legends are kept, to be used as eternal guardians of mankind. When a legend has been venerated enough by humanity they can become immortalized as a [[BeethovenWasAnAlienSpy Heroic Spirit that surpasses time itself]]. [[SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism However the definition of what is a "hero" is broad]] -- [[ProtagonistCenteredMorality even the ruthless and heartless are the heroes of their own tales]].

[[SummoningRitual There is a ritual known as the Heaven's Feel]] where seven Spirits can ally with a Sorcerer Master via contract and become [[{{Familiar}} Servants]]. This ritual culminates in a [[MeleeATrois seven-way war]] to acquire the [[MacGuffin ultimate prize]], the Holy Grail, which can [[MakeAWish grant the wishes of the Servant and Master who are victorious]]. As [[IKnowYourTrueName enemies knowing their true name would give opponents an advantage over them]], it is hidden. Instead, each heroic Servant Spirit is given [[EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep a Class by which they are addressed]]: [[MeaningfulName Saber, Archer, Lancer, Rider, Caster, Berserker, and Assassin]]. In addition, each Servant is armed with the mysteries that symbolize their legend -- [[InfinityPlusOneSword Noble Phantasms, legendary armaments and abilities]].

As each Servant falls, the Holy Grail receives their power, [[ThereCanOnlyBeOne until only one remains]], and the Grail is ready to grant the winners' wishes. The Holy Grail War that results in this has happened before, with a great cost of human lives, all for that one wish granted by the Grail.

''Fate/stay night'' opens with Shirou, the near-OrdinaryHighSchoolStudent who happens to know a little bit of magic from his late father, a retired mage. Shirou is the sole survivor of a terrible fire that destroyed his hometown -- the site of the last Holy Grail War. He desperately wants to be a hero to overcome his SurvivorGuilt, but as the events unfold and he gets sucked into the current Holy Grail War, he learns that {{heroes}} are only heroes when people die. Can he be a hero and still maintain his gentle nature? How holy can this Holy Grail be, if so many die over it?

Then there is Saber, the Servant Spirit who gets bonded to him. Her true name is unknown, but she has the mannerisms of a knight and the appearance of a young woman. Add to this an [[{{tsundere}} aloof girl]] named Tohsaka Rin, a rival Master and schoolmate who finds him [[NotWorthKilling too pathetic to kill off immediately]]. Rin is a professional mage who knows the Grail War rules, but her conscience results in her helping out, despite her protests to the contrary. There is also her mysterious Servant, Archer, [[EasyAmnesia who claims to suffer amnesia in the beginning due to his botched summoning]]. In addition, Shirou has to protect his "family" -- his self-appointed "older sister" teacher Taiga Fujimura, and his [[SempaiKohai kohai]] Matou Sakura, who has an obvious (''[[ObliviousToLove to everyone else]]'') crush on him.

The original game was a PC {{Eroge}} VisualNovel created by the company Type-Moon, and set in the NasuVerse. It was split into three routes:

* ''Fate'': A route focused on Shirou, and his ideal of becoming a selfless "Hero of Justice" who can protect the lives of everyone and everything.
* ''Unlimited Blade Works'': A route focused on Rin and Archer, specifically delving into Archer's mysterious past and his conflict with Shirou's ideals.
* ''Heaven's Feel'': The third and final route, focused on Shirou's childhood friend Sakura Matou, the dark machinations of her grandfather, and the secrets behind the creation of the Heaven's Feel ritual.

Although [[NoExportForYou never officially released in English]], the game originally had a FanTranslation patch made for it by the good folks at [[http://mirrormoon.org Mirror Moon]]. The VisualNovel has been adapted for the PlayStation2, [[BleachedUnderpants minus the sex scenes]] [[UpdatedRerelease and plus lots of cool new stuff]]. The PS2 version is subtitled ''Realta Nua'' and you can implement the extra content from this version onto the original CD/DVD installed PC version [[http://rnpatch.blogspot.com/ with this patch]].

A [[PlayStationVita PS Vita]] port of ''Realta Nua'' has been released in Japan on the 29th of November, 2012 with high resolution graphics and three openings animated by Creator/{{Ufotable}}.

A version of ''Realta Nua'' was also released for PC in the beginning of 2012, with the three routes separated into individual downloads. The newest (and arguably most complete) [[http://forums.nrvnqsr.com/showthread.php/4745-Fate-Stay-Night-Realta-Nua-PC-version-Mirror-Moon-TL-insertion-project English translation]] is intended to work with this version. It adds the original H scenes(toggleable), corrected translations, updated BGM, and the opening videos from the PS Vita version.

!!!Adaptations

* An {{anime}} adaptation created by StudioDEEN. The story is mostly based on the ''Fate'' route, with a few additions from the two other routes to make the series fill out 24 episodes and give more attention to characters that were pushed to the background during ''Fate''.
* A movie adaptation, also created by StudioDEEN. This version covers the ''Unlimited Blade Works'' route, with emphasis on the action scenes.
* A {{manga}} adaptation. Like the anime adaptation, it is based on the ''Fate'' scenario with some additional material from the other routes. The artist, Datto Nishiwaki, is a big Type-Moon fan, and makes references to other NasuVerse works in his end-of-volume rants.
* Another anime by Creator/{{ufotable}} has been announced, and the plot has been confirmed to be ''Unlimited Blade Works''. The first trailer can be seen [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NPItqNsCXM4 here]] and the second [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YZB_Yq07aMs here]]. The first trailer since the UBW confirmation can be seen [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=spseKv7jtmY here]].
* A ''Heaven's Feel'' movie by Ufotable has been confirmed. The first preview can be seen [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3X7JEFF9mvs here]].

In 2005, it received a sequel titled ''VisualNovel/FateHollowAtaraxia'', and in 2006, a prequel titled ''LightNovel/FateZero''. For other derived and related media set in the same universe see NasuVerse.

----
!!Tropes in VisualNovel/FateStayNight:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Fate]]
* AndIMustScream:
** If you refuse to participate in the Grail War when you're taken to the church for the first time, Ilya proceeds to brutalize Shirou and torture him without killing him.
** Shirou is not the only Fourth Grail War orphan. [[spoiler:The other children were taken in by the church and used by Kotomine [[PoweredByAForsakenChild for powering his associate Gilgamesh]] in {{mana}}. Not for making him stay in this world, he already has a body, just in {{mana}}. They are stuck in a grave, their bodies and souls being slowly dissolved. And yes, they are fully aware. They'd be screaming except their vocal chords have mostly rotted away]].
* BadGuysDoTheDirtyWork: [[spoiler:Ilya and Berserker]] conveniently kill [[spoiler:Shinji]] after his Servant is defeated by Saber, saving Shirou from the moral quandary presented by having to deal with a totally defenseless person who crossed the MoralEventHorizon right in front of him previously.
* BigDamnHeroes: {{Subverted}} by [[spoiler:Gilgamesh]] who, after saving our heroes from their last opponent, [[MakeWayForTheNewVillains becomes their new one]].
* BittersweetEnding: [[spoiler:Shirou DidNotGetTheGirl but decides that life goes on. Ilyasviel survives, but probably won't live more than a few years (at best) due to her being a homunculus.]] And although the DistantFinale in the PS2 version [[spoiler:has Shirou and Saber reuniting, it's also made very clear that, not only are [[TogetherInDeath they both dead]], but Saber and Shirou were separated for a very long time.]]
* BodyHorror:
** The first ending possible results in Berserker leaving Shirou a disembodied head, which Ilya will keep alive and torture as long as she pleases.
** The fate of the [[spoiler:other orphans from the fire ten years ago]]. They resemble nothing so much as rotting, bug-infested, limbless corpses... but they're ''still alive and aware'' [[spoiler:so Gilgamesh can feed on their prana]].
* ChekhovsGun:
** A sword keeps appearing in Shirou's dream throughout the route. [[spoiler: It's the sword Caliburn, which Shirou projects in order to defeat Berserker]].
** Saber mentions having lost her final Noble Phantasm, [[spoiler:Avalon, Excalibur's sheath]]. Rin also narrates a story [[spoiler:about Merlin, saying the King's true weapon is his sheath.]] It was [[spoiler:inside Shirou and keeping him alive]] the whole time. It was also her summoning catalyst.
* EarnYourHappyEnding: In the ending of the scenario of ''Realta Nua'', [[spoiler:as Saber lies dying, lamenting on losing Shiro, she is visited by Merlin, who feeling that she is owed something for all her hardships claims that there is a way for her to be reunited with the one she loves. However, it would require two impossible feats: she [[IWillWaitForYou must wait for him continuously]] and Shirou [[IWillFindYou must pursue her endlessly]]. They do. And are reunited in what appears to be Avalon.]]
* FissionMailed: Telling Saber there won't be lunch and teasing her about her growling stomach makes her mad enough to put on her armour and send you to the Tiger Dojo. Except it's not over and the story continues!
* ForegoneConclusion: It's impossible to [[spoiler:save Saber from dying]] because it happened about 1500 years ago from Shirou's perspective. However, this doesn't mean she can't [[spoiler:live out a full life ''here'' and then simply return on the verge of death back to the battlefield and then die there.]] This only happens in one ending, though.
* GoodPeopleHaveGoodSex: While [[TheirFirstTime Shirou and Saber's first time]] is incredibly awkward, [[note]]as they're on the run from a very dangerous foe and Saber is on the verge of disappearing[[/note]] their subsequent sexual encounter is treated as the best thing ever, despite how inexperienced both are.
* GuideDangIt: Gathering all the Tiger Stamps from the bad ends gives you a number of special scenes in the end. Though most {{Bad End}}s are fairly easy to figure out, Bad End 13 requires some hoop jumping to get Saber's Relationship Points low enough.
* HolyGround: The church in Fuyuki City is considered this, being used as a neutral site for Masters to meet.
* InstantRunes: Rider creates a rune circle almost instantaneously to use her Noble Phantasm and escape from Saber when cornered.
* KillSteal: Ilya apologizes to Shirou for killing [[spoiler: Shinji Matou]] when he tried to escape, as she assumes Shirou would have wanted the kill.
* LetThemDieHappy: In the ending, when a dying [[spoiler:Arturia]] tells [[spoiler:Sir Bedivere]] that she saw a dream and asks him whether she can see the same dream again if she closes her eyes, he says that yes, he had that experience once before.
* LoveAtFirstSight: Shirou falls for Saber the moment he first sees her after accidentally summoning her.
* MadeOfEvil: [[spoiler: The contents of the Holy Grail.]]
* MagicContractRomance: Saber is bound to Shirou by the Command Spell, but she genuinely comes to love him and his willingness to protect her during the route.
* MindRape: Shirou sees horrific images of every crime imaginable when [[spoiler:he's covered with mud from the Grail.]]
* NotQuiteDead: Berserker is seemingly blown to pieces by Rin, [[spoiler:but his Noble Phantasm gives him 12 lives, meaning Rin is still within his grasp.]]
* OffscreenMomentOfAwesome: Archer's fight against Berserker, with the former managing to kill the later ''six times'' before being defeated.
* SetRightWhatOnceWentWrong: Saber's wish is to [[spoiler:undo her rule so Britain can have a better king]].
* StarCrossedLovers: Shirou and Saber. He's a regular boy with a hero complex, she's a Heroic Spirit that only wishes for the Holy Grail. [[spoiler:She also wishes to basically erase herself from history. Even though that doesn't end up happening, she has to return to the time of her death and finally die, reminiscing her time with Shirou as a dream.]]
* StayInTheKitchen: Shirou has a problematic attitude towards Saber in this route and the {{anime}}, which has suffered MemeticMutation. He says some really sexist lines and tries to do the fighting in Saber's place. Ironically, [[PlayingWithATrope Shirou plays with this trope more than he plays it straight]]; his adamant refusal to allow Saber to fight only happens in the route where she's his love interest and it comes after watching her nearly get killed defending him in her first fight with Berserker. Shirou explicitly has a spiritual disorder that causes him to have little to no sense of self and derive any sense of happiness and worth only through helping others. It causes him to put way too much responsibility on himself and refuse to compromise his desire to help everyone. Thus, his attitude has less to do with Saber being a girl and more with his hero complex and the fear of seeing Saber get hurt again because of him.
* SuspiciouslySpecificDenial: After a rather serious monologue with Saber contemplating about protecting Shirou, and eventually having the brief thought of her feeling like a girl in love like in the story books, Rin walks by asking where Shirou is.
--> '''Saber''': ''"R-Rin! What is it? I-It's not like I'm surrendering to Shirou!"''
* TemporalParadox: [[spoiler:Saber]]'s goal is to go back in time and [[spoiler:have someone other than her become King Arthur, as she believes herself a poor king responsible for her country's destruction]].
* TheirFirstTime: Shirou and Saber have sex for the first time in a cabin and it is ''incredibly'' awkward, since despite their mutual feelings, Saber is at the verge of disappearing.
* TimeTravelRomance: Of the tragic variety. Saber is a woman summoned from medieval times, whereas Shirou is a boy from the 21st century. [[spoiler:In the end, Saber has to return to the time of her death and finally rest.]]
* TitleDrop:
** "Stay Night" is the title of the climactic scene of the ''Fate'' route, where Shirou and Saber face off against the villains.
** The title of the route's True End, "Continuation of the Dream", comes from its final words: [[spoiler:''"Do you see it, KingArthur? The continuation of your dream?''"]].
* TogetherInDeath: "The Last Episode" has [[spoiler:Shirou and Saber. Shirou most likely followed the same path as Archer, but unlike Archer he did not regret his ideals because those were the ideals he shared with Saber, the ideals that he found to be so beautiful. Also unlike Archer, he had a goal in mind, a goal that is for nobody's sake but his own: to endlessly chase after the golden-haired girl, who is eternally waiting for him alone on the fields of gold.]]
* WallSlump: Rin leaves a trail of blood around her while slumping down the wall after [[spoiler:Kotomine attacks the house to secure Illya.]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Unlimited Blade Works]]
* AlasPoorVillain
** [[spoiler:Caster dies to protect her Master, who then challenges Archer to a completely hopeless fight to avenge her.]]
** [[spoiler:Ilya dies not as a cruel Master but instead as a scared little girl.]]
* AttackAttackAttack: Used by Shirou on Gilgamesh. Since both are owners of virtually unlimited weapons but neither are masters of any of those weapons, it becomes a battle of AttackAttackAttack. Even though Gilgamesh's weapons are stronger than Shirou's, [[spoiler:within the boundaries of "Unlimited Blade Works" Shirou can pull out weapons faster than Gilgamesh, allowing him the decisive blow when a frustrated Gilgamesh decides to take the extra time to try to pull out [[InfinityPlusOneSword Ea]]. It really helps that Gil is extremely arrogant and refuse to fight "mere trash" seriously until it was too late.]]
* AttemptedRape: [[spoiler:Shinji]] attempts to rape [[spoiler:Rin Tohsaka]] while she's captive in the Einzbern castle. The result? [[spoiler:He gets stabbed by Lancer and runs away in fear, looking exceptionally pathetic.]]
* BatmanGambit: [[spoiler:Archer's]] plan involves manipulating Shirou's hero complex[[note]] which he knows very well[[/note]] and [[spoiler:Caster's]] confidence in her power and superiority after capturing [[spoiler:Saber.]] It goes surprisingly well. [[spoiler:Archer pretends to join Caster in order to remove Rin's command which prevents him from attacking Shirou. After Shirou and Rin weaken Caster and Kuzuki, Archer deals the final blow and Shirou is indefensible before him, while Saber is available for Rin to make a contract with.]] However, he didn't consider Rin [[spoiler:would make a contract with Saber before he manages to kill Shirou.]]
* BelligerentSexualTension: Shirou and Rin have some clashes during the course of the route with Rin being a grade-A {{Tsundere}} and Shirou a socially awkward DeadpanSnarker.
* BigDamnHeroes:
** Archer drops in and rescues Shirou when Caster lures Shirou to her temple. He had the chance to defeat Caster too, but he passed it up.
** When Rin and Shirou are fighting against Caster and her Master, [[spoiler:Archer, who had supposedly betrayed them to join Caster, kills both Kuzuki and Caster.]]
** When a desperate Rin is prepared to [[spoiler:die within the Holy Grail and have Saber destroy it, Archer, thought to be dead after his fight with Shirou, helps Rin get out.]]
* BittersweetEnding: [[spoiler:Shirou cannot absolve Archer's fate, but the Counter Guardian comes to find peace with it.]]
* BodyHorror: When [[spoiler:Gilgamesh uses Shinji as the Grail's core]], his body is transformed into an enormous mound of cancerous tissue leaking cursed mud.
* DeusExMachina: [[spoiler:Archer, after losing nearly all his mana from not having a Master for a few days while not doing anything, comes back from being gravely wounded by the Gate of Babylon to being in perfect health and able to use Projection for the ending. After losing a fight to Shirou, at that.]]
* DidIJustSayThatOutLoud:
--> '''Shirou (thinking):''' ''I didn't notice before, but her black hair looks really pretty and causes my heart to beat faster.''
--> '''Tohsaka:''' "...Huh? That's weird. the wound is smaller than before. Do you have a healing charm on you?"
-->'''Shirou:''' "Huh? No, t-that's not true!"
--> '''Tohsaka:''' "Really? But your wound's almost healed."
--> '''Shirou:''' "I didn't say anything about it being pretty -- huh? What did you say, Tohsaka?"
* EverybodyHasLotsOfSex: It's strongly implied for Shirou, Rin and [[spoiler:Saber]] in Good End.
* FieldOfBlades: [[TitleDrop Unlimited Blade Works]] is a field covered in swords, making it feel like a battle took place there once.
* GasLeakCoverup: A number of non-fatal incidents around the town (caused by Caster's efforts gathering mana) are attributed to gas leaks.
* GratuitousEnglish: "Unlimited Blade Works" and the TitleDrop Noble Phantasm are examples of GratuitousEnglish. Archer's Noble Phantasm {{Invocation}} makes great deviations between the accurate translation from the Japanese text and the Japanese "translation" that accompanies it in the game.
* GuideDangIt: Getting the Good Ending requires Saber to have 4 or more relationship points and Rin to have less than 8.
* HomoeroticSubtext:
** The way Caster tries to break Saber shows she enjoys it a bit too much.
** Shirou is quite blunt in asking his best friend Issei to remove his school uniform. And Issei, for his part, was strangely okay with it. Coupled with Issei's general dislike of women...
* MementoMacGuffin: Rin's pendant, which she used to save Shirou, [[spoiler:and was also the summoning catalyst for Archer]].
* MythologyGag: Towards the end, Lancer snarks that, too bad, he would have wanted Rin as his Master. In ''FatePrototype'' we learn that [[spoiler: one of Rin's prototypes actually ''did'' summon Lancer.]]
* NonStandardGameOver: If you make the wrong choice when Rin attacks you at school, Shirou 'loses' the Grail War, but survives everything just fine and goes back to his mundane life ( minus a few memories).
* NotQuiteDead: Caster ''thinks'' she's killed [[spoiler:Kotomine,]] but Rin knows better - as she noted, Caster ''really'' [[LeftForDead should have checked the body]].
* OffscreenMomentOfAwesome: It is mentioned off-handedly in an intermission that [[BadassNormal Servant Assassin]] fought off Lancer, Saber, Archer, Rider, and ''Berserker'' when they approached Caster's temple. Shame we never get to see it.
* {{Polyamory}}: During route is apparent that Shirou, Rin and Saber developed strong feelings between each other and they eventually have even shared date. [[spoiler:In Good Ending the three start live together as mutual lovers in Shirou's household.]]
* RedOniBlueOni: Rin and Saber.
* RightThroughHisPants: [[LampshadeHanging Lampshaded]] in the H-scene, when Rin tells Shirou that he's a failure as a man if he keeps his clothes on while doing it. Of course, the whole scene is being PlayedForLaughs, so...
* SpectralWeaponCopy: Archer's [[spoiler: and Shirou's]] eponymous Reality Marble. [[spoiler: the latter]] provides the page quote.
* TemporalParadox: [[spoiler:Archer's goal is to kill his past self, Shirou, so the heroic spirit Emiya will never come to be.]]
* TheirFirstTime: Shirou and Rin have sex for the first time to transfer mana. She gets embarrassed and insists on starting before she's really ready, making the experience awkward and painful.
* ThreesomeSubtext: In the Good End, it is strongly implied that [[spoiler:Saber]] and Rin stay live together with Shirou in his household as a real ''Ménage à trois''.
* TitleDrop: The Noble Phantasm, "Unlimited Blade Works".
* UnspokenPlanGuarantee: To defeat Caster, Rin and Shirou decided to to fight one on one. What the narrative didn't tell us what that Rin had an...unconventional idea in order to gain the upper hand.
* VoicesAreMental: In the original VisualNovel, when Caster possesses Issei, Shirou notes that it's her voice coming out of his mouth. But then in "Realta Nua", when the voices were added in, [[AvertedTrope it's Issei's voice that was coming out]].
* XanatosSpeedChess: Archer has a pretty good game of speed chess going on [[spoiler:based around the goal of getting to kill Shirou. First, a direct attack. Second, when block by Tohsaka he attempts to go through a loophole to kill him. Third, he then breaks his contract with Tohsaka to get away from the Command Seal. It's a lot sneakier than it sounds.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Heaven's Feel]]
* AlasPoorVillain:
** [[spoiler:Kotomine dies for what he believes in. He never had a chance to be good and hates that more than anyone.]]
** [[spoiler:Zouken doesn't die until we finally see what his original motivation was: He just wanted to live long enough to see the Grail War conclude successfully so it could be used for the betterment of mankind.]]
* AlwaysSaveTheGirl: In stark contrast to the other storylines, [[spoiler:Shirou chooses to sacrifice his ideal and the lives of hundreds of innocents in order to save Sakura.]]
* AttemptedRape: When [[spoiler:Sakura goes looking for Zouken in the Matou household, an enraged Shinji attempts to rape her, as it's revealed he's done this many times in the past out of spite and jealousy over her succeeding the Matou line. Sakura kills him, and as a result, she gives in to her darker self.]]
* BigDamnHeroes:
** [[spoiler:Rider]] swoops in and saves Shirou when he is cornered by Zouken and Assassin,
** When [[spoiler:Dark Sakura]] attacks the Emiya household to retrieve Ilya, [[spoiler:once again, Rider, bound by the final command spell Sakura used on her]] protects Shirou.
** In the True Ending [[spoiler:Ilya appears before Shirou can sacrifice his life, and before destroying the Grail tells him its her role as his older sister to protect him]].
* BittersweetEnding
** In the True Ending, [[spoiler:Shirou saves Sakura and survives himself, but he's tossed away his ideals, hundreds have died and Ilya sacrificed herself for him.]]
** In the Normal Ending, [[spoiler:Shirou dies to save Sakura, who fails to move on. Ilya survives, but has nothing to really look forward to. The Grail War is presumably dismantled and all the antagonists have died.]] So, unhappy for several primary characters, but a few others makes it out okay and the world is still saved.
* BookEnds: [[spoiler: The first Heaven's Feel ritual began at Mt.Enzou with an Einzbern homuculus sacrificing herself to open a path to the the Grail. The fifth and last Heaven's Feel ritual takes place at Mt. Enzou, this time with an Einzbern homuculus sacrificing herself to close the path to the Grail.]]
* ButThouMust: Near the end of the route when Shirou goes to rescue Ilya. When he gets there, [[ComplainingAboutRescuesTheyDontLike she refuses him and tries to make him go back]]. You are given three options on how to proceed. They are all the same.
---> 1. Bring Ilya Back
---> 2. Bring Ilya Back
---> 3. Bring Ilya Back
* TheCameo: [[spoiler:[[VisualNovel/{{Tsukihime}} Zelretch]]]] appears in the True End of the route in order to save Rin (one of his "pupils", [[spoiler:who had used the second magic]]) from being tried and perhaps even executed by the [[MagicalSociety Assocation]].
* ChekhovsGun: Ilya's explanation to Shirou of how transferring a person's consciousness works. [[spoiler:That's how she saves his soul in the True End.]]
* CherryBlossoms: Used as a sign of rebirth and new beginnings. Sakura tells Shirou that she'd like to see the cherry blossoms once spring comes around, so Shirou promises her they'll go once everything is over. [[spoiler:In the True End, Sakura, Rin, Rider and Shirou visit the blossoming trees, symbolising their happiness and renewed hope.]]
* CooldownHug: As she can't quite bring herself to deliver the fatal strike, [[spoiler:Rin gives one of these to Sakura]] at the end of their battle in "Heaven's Feel" instead.
* DangerousForbiddenTechnique: Shirou is repeatedly warned that using [[spoiler:Archer's arm]] will kill him. Naturally, he ends up using it in the finale.
* DarkerAndEdgier: Heaven's Feel is this compared to the other two routes. The subject of rape, torture, dismemberment, and humans being devoured in graphic detail are all present.
* DarkReprise:
** "All the Evils of the World" that plays during the final confrontation before the Great Grail, is an ominous version of "Church on the Hilltop", which was [[OminousPipeOrgan ominous enough]] to begin with.
** "Realta Nua" has an added ominous remix of "Sword of Promised Victory" [[spoiler:Saber Alter style.]]
* EnemyMine: Halfway through the route, Kotomine and Shirou have to team up to rescue Ilya. Refusing Kotomine's help will result in Shirou attempting to go it alone and, upon successfully infiltrating the Einzbern's castle, he gets killed by the enemy Servant.
* EroticDream: Shirou dreams he has sex with Rin at some point through. It's revealed to be [[spoiler:part of Rider's powers, as she can absorb Shirou's mana through such dreams.]]
* FromBadToWorse: Things get progressively worse down the route, with barely any {{Hope Spot}}s in between. Masters lose their Servants, the Shadow keeps attacking the city, Zouken's manipulations continue to bite the heroes and the heroine plunges into even worse despair every day.
* HomoeroticSubtext:
** "[[BleachedUnderpants Realta Nua]]" replaces Shirou's EroticDream with a suggestive Rin x Mitsuzuri scene, as seen [[http://danbooru.donmai.us/data/ffc143cacc06374d8954d48e70aa0634.jpg here]].
** [[spoiler:Servant Rider's]] loyalty to [[spoiler:her Master]] and the attempts to keep said Master safe give the impression there's something more than loyalty involved.
* MementoMacGuffin: Sakura's ribbon, which was the first ribbon [[spoiler: Rin ever made, and one of the few signs of their ''true'' feelings for each other, as opposed to the apparent indifference or even outright hatred that is shown through most of the route]].
* MomentKiller: At one point, a seemingly sick Sakura begins caressing Shirou while the music from the H-scenes plays...when Saber walks in.
* MundaneMadeAwesome: Shirou meets Kotomine at the restaurant...munching mapo tofu and managing to make something so simple look ''menacing''.
* NonStandardGameOver:
** The "Mind of Steel" BadEnd where the war continues with Shirou still involved, having embraced Kiritsugu's methods by [[spoiler:disposing of Sakura.]]
** The "Sparks Liner High" bad end has Shirou fighting [[spoiler:Saber Alter]] solo and die defeating her. Even if he dies, Shirou has defeated an impossibly powerful Heroic Spirit.
* NotQuiteDead: [[spoiler:Kotomine]] grinds [[spoiler:Zouken's]] skull to dust and exorcises him, but he can reform his body later as [[spoiler:his soul is kept safe within Sakura's heart.]]
* OhCrap: Zouken and Assassin aren't particularly worried when [[spoiler:Rider]] stands against them, seeing as she had been unimpressive up to that point. They soon go into OhCrap territory when she slams Assassin's face into the wall.
* OurVampiresAreDifferent: [[spoiler:Zouken Matou]] by Nasuverse terminology is basically a magically induced vampire. His quest for immortality has caused [[spoiler:his body and soul to decay]], thus coming up against the problem all Nasuverse vampires face, causing him to seek something better.
* PaintItBlack: The ones corrupted by [[spoiler:the Shadow]] have their weapons and armour turn black and red. [[spoiler:Berserker]] mostly turns a sickly red because his skin is apparently melting off.
* ThePowerOfLove: Shirou's main motivation in this route. His love for Sakura keeps him going, even when he becomes [[spoiler: so brain-damaged that he forgets her very ''name.'']]
* PrecisionFStrike: Shirou's response to the idea of letting [[spoiler:Angra Mainyu be born and wrecking Sakura's life even more (in addition to pretty much destroying all of humanity)?]] "Fuck that."
* TheDayTheMusicLied: When Shirou squares off against [[spoiler:Kotomine]] for the final battle, ''Emiya'' fires up... and then Shirou gets his ass handed to him in about 30 seconds.
* ThemeMusicPowerUp: "Light and Darkness" plays during the last battle, between [[spoiler:Shirou and Kotomine]]. Or rather, ''half'' of the song plays at first, giving a tense techno beat while [[spoiler:Shirou's getting his ass kicked. It's only when he reflects on Sakura and pulls off a frenzied counterattack that the second half of the song plays]].
* ThickerThanWater: The resolution of one of the major plotlines of the route, namely [[spoiler: Rin's relation with her sister Sakura]].
* ThrowTheDogABone: After two routes of being eliminated first and thought to be a weakling servant, Rider gets to show that she's actually pretty powerful if not being held back by Shinji, and even ''survive the whole scenario''.
* TitleDrop: The words "Heaven's Feel" refer to two different things.
** Ilya's dress for the ritual is called the third dress, "Heaven's Feel".
** The true name of the Holy Grail War ritual, whose real purpose is [[spoiler:obtaining the Third Magic, capable of materializing the soul.]]
* XanatosSpeedChess: Kotomine takes up the mantle. First, send Lancer to investigate. When he dies, use Gilgamesh to get things back on track. [[spoiler:When he dies, embrace the new situation and set up Sakura to start eating everyone. Team up with Shirou since he's easily manipulated and have him help to keep Ilya safe since she's needed. Destroy Zouken so you can beat True Assassin. Sakura crushes your heart? Big deal, you'll still make it to the final battle anyway. Even when he loses, he still crushes Shirou's ideology.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Adaptations]]
* AdaptationExpansion:
** The manga adds [[{{Fanservice}} a short scene of Taiga in her high school days, Rin taking a shower and Souichirou Kuzuki's backstory]].
** It also tends to use end-of-volume bonus stories to expand on various scenes (most often for humorous effect): showing the details of the [[CurbStompBattle 'duel']] between Saber and Taiga; telling the backstory behind the clothing Rin gives to Saber; a pre-War scene in the archery club with Shirou, Sakura, and Shinji that actually goes a long way towards explaining why anyone on Earth would ''want'' to be [[SmugSnake Shinji's]] friend...
* AllThereInTheManual:
** The {{anime}} touches on elements from the VisualNovel, such as Archer's identity, Ilya's parentage, and Sakura's relationship with Rin, without actually providing its own explanations. In order to understand certain elements from the VisualNovel, in turn, you may have to reference a published extra called ''Fate/side material''.
** This is doubly true for the "Unlimited Blade Works" movie, which will make about no sense as a narrative unless you have already played the "Unlimited Blade Works" route, as it squeezes many hours of gameplay into a two-hour movie [[RuleOfCool But hey,]] [[StuffBlowingUp explosions.]]
* AnimationBump: Considering StudioDEEN has a rather...[[OffModel spotty reputation]], the sheer quality and fluidity of the animation in the "Unlimited Blade Works" movie is astounding, especially compared to the anime series.
* BaitAndSwitchCredits: Second {{anime}} opening, depicting Shirou and Archer facing off a la the "Unlimited Blade Works" scenario from the game.
* BattleInTheCentreOfTheMind: The anime and manga replace the mana transfer sex scene with a fight between Shirou and Saber's [[EnemyWithin inner dragon]].
* BetweenMyLegs: At least one shot in every scene involving Rin in the movie is from this angle.
* BleachedUnderpants: The film, manga, and the PS2 version of the game (''Realta Nua'') replace the H-scenes that were in the original game with alternate, non-erotic versions. The {{anime}} alludes to Fate's sex scene with a semi-erotic part, especially Rin's pose with Saber.
* BloodierAndGorier: Injuries in the manga are drawn with much greater detail, and there is quite a bit more blood. One example is that while the censored H-scene in the house in the forest is more or less the same as in the anime, Shirou suffers some pretty brutal injuries while facing Saber's internal dragon, injuries that manifest themselves on his real-world body which gives Rin a pretty big shock.
* CompressedAdaptation: The "Unlimited Blade Works" movie skims over days of story at a time and completely excises most of the exposition, which is somewhat inevitable when adapting what's essentially a long ChooseYourOwnAdventure book exploding with exposition into a slightly less than two hour movie. The end result is a film with somewhat choppy pacing that's completely incomprehensible to newcomers, but [[RuleOfCool has time to adequately show how epic the fights are.]]
* ConspicuousCG: What BleachedUnderpants did to the sex scenes in the anime. Saber ''has'' to have DeusSexMachina with Shirou to restore her power. In the anime instead, there's a sudden flash to a CG dragon that ''bites Shirou's arm off'', which was retained in the manga adaptation as well. "Mana Transfer Dragon" has become a minor meme as a result. There's a similar scene in "Unlimited Blade Works" with a ''dolphin'' to replace the [[TheirFirstTime scene with Shirou and Rin that was there before]].
* {{Fanservice}}: The movie is just less than two hours of pure {{fanservice}} to those already familiar with "Unlimited Blade Works". If you haven't played the route, the movie will make absolutely no sense, have flat characters and feel rushed. [[RuleOfCool If you have, you get to see everyone being awesome at the expense of skipping some scenes used to build the route's actual conflict]]. There's very little in the way of the other kind of service in any medium despite ''Fate/stay night'' starting its life as an {{Eroge}}, except for the occasional MaleGaze.
* GoodBadTranslation: One overly-literal fansub had Shirou saying "[[CaptainObvious People die if they are killed]]" with an ultra-serious look on his face.[[note]]This is a legitimate idiom in Japanese, usually as a statement about how tough someone is that they won't die even if you kill them, [[QuoteMine but makes little sense out of context]].[[/note]] A screenshot of this sub is now a {{meme}} when talking about bad translations and/or {{Engrish}}, even though it makes sense in context.
* HighPressureBlood: Blood seems to ooze aplenty in the "Unlimited Blade Works" movie.
* ImplausibleFencingPowers: In the movie, Shirou gains the ability to deflect many incoming projectiles by DualWielding swords for no apparent reason other than RuleOfCool.
* [[InconsistentDub Inconsistent Subs]]: Mainly because there have been several different sources of translations, either the official {{anime}} translation, the Mirror Moon's VisualNovel/FateStayNight translation, or others. This isn't normally problematic, but the terminology tends to look very different between versions.
* LighterAndSofter: The manga seems to be heading this direction. It focuses mostly on the rather idealistic "Fate" route, with Shinji of all people getting a softer side and surviving events that killed him in the VisualNovel.
* MaleGaze: All over the "Unlimited Blade Works" movie. If a scene has Rin in it, there will be at least a few shots focused on her ZettaiRyouiki for no particular reason.
* OffModel: The {{anime}} was rather infamous for this (even present in the first episode, which is usually better animated). The film shows almost none of this, although Shinji's "rape face" EvilLaugh looks less like him and more like a character from ''VisualNovel/HigurashiNoNakuKoroNi'' about to do something horrible.
* OffscreenMomentOfAwesome: In the manga, Rin and Archer come across the aftermath of a battle between Berserker and Caster at Ryudou Temple. Apparently Berserker avoided Assassin by not using the mountain gate, meaning he just ''ripped right through'' the mountain's anti-Servant barrier field. The battle itself left the Temple as kindling and the ground around it gouged with massive scars. And we get to see precisely none of this titanic conflict.
* PragmaticAdaptation: In various degrees among various adaptations.
** {{Anime}}: The anime follows the "Fate" route, which by itself can't do ''Fate/stay night'' justice, but the episode/continuity limits don't allow you to do two routes and tell a coherent story. So they took "Fate", added a few scenes and events from "Unlimited Blade Works". They also threw in the odd reference to "Heaven's Feel" as well- namely [[spoiler:the revelation that Rin and Sakura are sisters]].
** "Unlimited Blade Works" film: Especially noticeable. Some of the romantic undertones between Shirou and Rin were lost, and separate visits to locations in the original got merged into a single very eventful one while things happened for different (but more easily explainable) reasons.
* PunnyName: The main theme song of ''Fate/stay night'' is "This Illusion", and when it was remixed for the {{anime}}, it's name was changed to "Disillusion". If said out loud, [[MeaningfulName they sound almost the same, while meaning the exact opposite of each other.]]
* RoadCone: With three different story paths, it's only natural that adaptations of the series would leave out some things. Both the {{anime}} and (to a certain extent) the manga are based on "Fate", though the movie is based on "Unlimited Blade Works".
* RuleOfCool: The order of the day for the "Unlimited Blade Works" film. Notably, Shirou deflects both [[spoiler:Archer's and Gil's sword-bullets with ImplausibleFencingPowers rather than using his own sword-bullets as in the original route]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Gameplay]]
* OneHundredPercentCompletion: You have to complete all three routes for the new splash screen. You can also accomplish every [[HaveANiceDeath Tiger Dojo]] for other bonuses.
* AutomaticNewGame: The game will start up at the beginning of the prologue narrated by Rin until you finish it and reach the main story narrated by Shirou, at which point you start up at the title screen.
* {{Eroge}}: Even if the {{hentai}} is hidden amidst hours of non-sexual gameplay, ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight'' is a full-fledged {{eroge}} with one to three/four H-scenes for each routes.
* GameplayAndStoryIntegration: [[VisualNovel While being pretty low on actual "gameplay"]], the status menu listing all the attributes and information gathered on Servants thus far is {{justified|Trope}} as being an ability granted to all Masters in the Grail War. Every master sees it in whatever way would be most comprehensible to them. [[LeaningOnTheFourthWall Shirou apparently finds RPG-like status screens most familiar despite no indication of being a gamer.]]
* HaveANiceDeath: The Tiger Dojo serves this purpose plenty of times. Taiga and Ilyasviel are our hosts and will sometimes mock gently the player or make absolutely no sense. But they will always thow in a hint about why the player reached this BadEnd unless [[WhatTheHellPlayer you did something so stupid Taiga refuses to talk to you.]]
* ItsAWonderfulFailure: Extensive {{bad end}}s exist solely for mocking Shirou's stupidity, and many [[HaveANiceDeath Tiger Dojos]] love to rub the player's choice in his face. Even if you ''did'' find the good choice and reach the end without dying, you ''have'' to eventually see all those {{bad ending}}s [[HundredPercentCompletion in order to unlock everything]].
* TheManyDeathsOfYou: The game gets very.. graphic, discussing in first person perspective, how you die or fail.
* MultipleEndings:
** "Fate" has one True End.
** "Unlimited Blade Works" has a True and Good End. Getting the Good End requires juggling around Saber and Rin's affection points.
** "Heaven's Feel" has a True and a Normal End. Which you get depends on the final choice you make.
** There are 40 {{Bad End}}s. In "Realta Nua", getting them all unlocks the Last Episode.
* StupidityIsTheOnlyOption: Found in every Type-Moon [[VisualNovel visual novel]] -- the more dangerous choice is frequently the correct one. The [[HaveANiceDeath Tiger Dojo]] sometimes [[LampshadedTrope lampshades]] this: "Go back to the previous choice and try choosing the reckless, immature choice!"
* ViolationOfCommonSense: The choices you have to make sometimes are the least sensible and immature, placing you directly in danger. Made worse by the fact that you are, almost without fail, scolded by other characters for making the idiotic choices.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Setting]]

* AlternateContinuity: Possibly with itself. Archer's MysteriousPast [[spoiler:is known to at least resemble the "Fate" scenario also followed by the anime, but how much is unclear]]. Essentially all routes and [[MultipleEndings endings]] are alternate continuities, with ''Fate/hollow ataraxia'' taking place in ''yet another'' continuity. Also, [[VisualNovel/{{Tsukihime}} Zelretch]] appears from an alternate continuity in one route, just to say hi. When speaking about this, Nasu affirms: "They're parallel sort of. But if Zelretch was observing, it'd become true, and my feelings on the matter is that I'd rather two routes disappear if one was true. If all of these became possible at the same time, the other routes would become meaningless."
* AnimeCatholicism: Kotomine works for the Church, [[note]] which in this case is a secret part of the actual Catholic Church[[/note]]tasked with destroying non human entities. Standard issue weaponry includes magical bible verses and thrown swords.
* CityOfAdventure: Fuyuki City, [[http://punynari.wordpress.com/2009/10/31/real-life-fate-stay-night-locations-in-kobe/ which is based on Kobe]]. However, there isn't a single character with the KansaiRegionalAccent one would expect almost everyone to have in the heart of that region.
* BigFancyHouse: A lot of them.
** The Emiya household is very big, having a main building, external building, a storehouse and a lot of free terrain (In fact, Saber even wonders about using the free terrain for growing vegetables and raising animals like chicken and pigs to always have fresh food in ''VisualNovel/FateHollowAtaraxia'', Shirou of course refuses).
** The Tohsaka mansion is very big and Rin is already used to people thinking her house is a haunted mansion.
** The Matou mansion is even bigger than the Tohsaka mansion and looks sufficiently gloomy to make it abundantly clear nothing good is going on in there.
* FantasyKitchenSink: A wide variety of legendary heroes from potentially any mythology who can be summoned as Servants. Other types of familiars, skeletal zombies, vampires, parasitic magic-devouring worms, spirits and dragons all exist in this universe.
* LegendaryWeapon: Most of the Servants' [[SignatureMove Noble Phantasms]] count. Considering the setting is based on the real world and the Servants are actually spirits of legendary heroes, a lot of them overlaps with PublicDomainArtifact.
* MedalOfDishonor: The Sealing Designation of the Mage's Association is a title of the "greatest honor" given to a magus who develops an ability that is both ground-breaking and utterly unique to their body. Those awarded this title are promptly dissected and their remains preserved for future study. Most Seal Designates choose voluntary exile in response and try their best not to attract attention.
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: The decisions Shirou must make vary greatly by storyline. In "Fate" he is very idealistic; "Unlimited Blade Works" lies somewhere in the middle; "Heaven's Feel" has him become rather cynical.
* UltimateShowdownOfUltimateDestiny: The plot is based around major figures from Arthurian, Babylonian, Celtic, Persian, Greek and Japanese myth fighting each other to the death as part of an arcane magic ritual.
* UpgradeVsPrototypeFight: OlderIsBetter makes any instance of a Noble Phantasm clashing against an older version of the same myth a one-sided battle. [[spoiler: Just ask [[WorldsStrongestMan Gilgamesh]]]].
* UrbanFantasy: ''Fate/stay night'', along with most other TYPE-MOON properties, takes place in modern Japan.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:General]]
* AncientConspiracy: The [[MagicalSociety Mage Association]] and TheChurch are big in the NasuVerse. Also, the true purpose of the Grail Wars, and to a lesser extent, the true nature of the Fuyuki Grail.
* ArcWords: "My body is made of swords." It is a phrase that appears on the first screen of the game (not counting the prologue); as the story goes on, the phrase's different meanings and its purpose are revealed.
* ArtifactOfDoom: [[spoiler:The Holy Grail.]] Due to events from the Third Grail War, it is inevitable that it will cause great calamity if activated.
* BeCarefulWhatYouWishFor: {{Discussed}}. The Holy Grail is an artifact theoretically capable of granting any wish, [[spoiler:but due to its corruption, it will grant that wish in the most destructive manner possible]].
* BettyAndVeronica: Across the whole franchises Saber and Rin frequently performs this task. Saber as Betty, Rin as Veronica.
* BiggerBad: [[spoiler:Angra Mainyu, the source of the Grail's corruption]].
* BloodMagic: The runes in the ritual used to summon servants are normally drawn in blood.
* ChekhovsBoomerang: Done ''across timelines''.
** [[AntiMagic Rule Breaker]]: In "Heaven's Feel", Caster is taken out of the game early on. Since she and her Rule Breaker have played a major role in the previous route, most people put her out of their minds. [[spoiler:But then, literally on the last day of the route... her Noble Phantasm, Rule Breaker, breaks Sakura's shackles to Angra Mainyu]].
** The Azoth dagger: A [[EleventhHourSuperpower near last-minute]] addition in "Fate" that [[spoiler:Shirou uses to kill Kotomine]], shows up again in "Heaven's Feel", supposedly as a tool for Shirou to [[spoiler:project Zelretch's Gem Sword]]. However, its real importance was [[spoiler:Shirou using it to kill Saber Alter]].
** Rin's pendant: Used to heal Shirou in the prologue. [[spoiler: Archer's version of it, which he carried all his life and after (and returned to Rin in the prologue), turned out to be the catalyst for his summoning.]] In "Unlimited Blade Works", [[spoiler: Shirou returns ''his'' version of the pendant to Rin, giving the latter the final proof that Archer is Shirou's future self.]] However, in "Heaven's Feel", [[spoiler: Shirou's version of the pendant turned out to have the ''tiniest'' bit of magical energy left in it, which in the True End allowed his soul, newly-revived by Ilya's sacrifice and the Third Sorcery, to hold on until Rider could rescue him. The pendant also probably anchored Shirou's soul to the material world; Rin commented that Rider "plucked Shirou out" of the rubble of the cavern ''two weeks'' after it had collapsed.]]
* ConvenientlyOrphaned: Not a single remotely major character has living parents, and several (including the main character) are orphaned ''twice over''. Not only that, but those who actually have something passing for surrogate parents would much rather that they ''[[AbusiveParents didn't]]''.
* TheCorruption: The contents of [[spoiler:the current Grail, since the Third Grail War. The Einzbern family summoned the forbidden Avenger class as their Servant, causing him to be trapped into the Grail after his defeat due to his complicated circumstance. Since Avenger embodies all the Evils of the World, the corruption takes over the Grail as well.]]
* CrypticBackgroundReference: The events of the Third Grail War are pretty vague; pretty much all that is known is that the Edelfelts summoned good and evil versions of the same Saber and that the Einzberns summoned Avenger.
* CueTheSun: The True End of each route usually features this as a sign of hope and new beginnings after the tribulations of the War.
* DeusSexMachina: [[InsistentTerminology Mana Transfer Ritual]]. Sex ensues in the most inopportune times. [[BleachedUnderpants Averted in the manga, PS2 game, and film]].
* TheDevil: In "Unlimited Blade Works", we learn that [[spoiler:Angra Mainyu, the devil in Zoroastrianism, lives inside the Holy Grail and has corrupted it.]] As is explained in "Heaven's Feel" and further elaborated upon in ''hollow ataraxia'', [[spoiler:it turns out that Angra Mainyu isn't the Devil -- he's a Servant whose legend was born of a ritual where a single man was ritually sacrificed to personify all the the sins of his fellow humans so he'd absolve them by being killed. In the Third Holy Grail war, when Angra Mainyu, summoned as Avenger, got killed because he was a horribly weak Servant, the Grail identified him as a human rather than a servant and tried to fulfill his wish. Considering that the Holy Grail is an omnipotent device whose entire purpose is to seek and grant wishes and that Angra Mainyu is the personification of the world's wish for a concrete form of all evil... Let's just say it doesn't turn out well.]]
* DoorStopper: The VisualNovel is about a million words long in English.
* DysfunctionJunction: Everyone's backstory involves some past tragedy that has scarred them for life and supplied them with a fatal flaw. Each heroine's route takes time to explore said flaw and eventually have her get over it, but Shirou's ChronicHeroSyndrome is what really takes center stage.
* ElementalPowers: Very exceptional ones, they are attributes linked to the "Origin", explained in ''Literature/KaraNoKyoukai''; Shirou has "Sword", Rin has all the basic five ("Average One"), and [[spoiler:Sakura has "Imaginary Numbers" and artificially "Binding"]].
* TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt: The result if the BigBad achieves his goal. [[spoiler:The Evils of Angra Mainyu would be unleashed upon humans to destroy them.]]
* EquivalentExchange: You pay for your magecraft, no matter what. True Magic, on the other hand...
* EvenEvilHasStandards: [[spoiler:Kirei Kotomine]] may be motivated solely by [[ForTheEvulz the pleasure he gets in seeing others suffer]], but even he loathes [[TheWormThatWalks Zouken Matou]].
* FoodPorn: Lengthy segments of the VisualNovel are devoted to Shirou cooking, often along with Sakura. The process of making the food is usually presented in detail.
* {{Foreshadowing}}: ''Loads'' of it, and in the most unlikely or innocuous places, too. For example, a major reveal in "Heaven's Feel" [[note]]Sakura's "training" regimen[[/note]] is foreshadowed in the Mini-Theater you get by completing all Tiger Dojos in "Fate".
* FourTemperamentEnsemble: The leading ladies of the different routes exhibit this: you have Saber as melancholy, Rin as choleric, Sakura as phlegmatic, and Ilya (originally intended to be the fourth heroine) as sanguine.
* GambitPileup: The Fifth Grail War is complicated due to plots by Zouken, Kirei, Saber, Caster, the Einzbern family, [[spoiler:Gilgamesh, Counter-Guardian EMIYA, and Avenger]] all being executed at the same time. Differences between each route result in specific gambits being of more concern, and some being completely irrelevant.
* {{Gorn}}: Not so much visual but mostly written, detailed descriptions of blood and heavy injuries can be found throughout the VisualNovel.
* GenderBender: [[spoiler: Other than being a gender flipped King Arthur, Saber was physically turned into a male by Merlin's magic during her reign as king. This makes her a gender bender gender flip character.]]
* TheGreatestStoryNeverTold: Shirou's actions in Unlimited Blade Works and Heaven's Feel can never be fully explained for fear of the Association's response to [[spoiler:his Reality Marble. In Heaven's Feel, the Association is told Shirou was an ordinary human who died during the War]].
* HermeticMagic: Summoning Servants and various rituals connected to the Grail and Shirou's projection magic involve runes and elaborate invocations.
* HumanResources
** The Holy Grail's power [[spoiler:comes from absorbing the souls of the heroic spirits who died in the war.]]
** Servants can consume human souls in order to replenish their prana, though most traditional Spirits will find the action to be beneath their dignity and may require a Command Seal in order to do so. [[spoiler:Caster and Rider]] both resorted to this at the start of the War due to their Masters lacking prana.
* InSpiteOfANail: In all three scenarios, the best possible ending has [[spoiler:The Holy Grail being permanently destroyed and cycle of violence wrought by the Heaven's Feel ritual being broken forver.]]
* IntimateHealing: As usual for the Franchise/{{Nasuverse}}, sex can be used to replenish magical energy. Except in the anime, where it's {{Bowdlerized}} into the widely-mocked "Mana Transfer Dragon."
* JackassGenie: [[spoiler:Due to Angra Maiyuu's influence, the Holy Grail will twist any wish made to it in a way that will kill or hurt as many humans as possible]].
* JacobMarleyApparel: Servants will be summoned wearing the outfit they had just before their death if they had a strong attachment to their particular appearance. Otherwise, their appearance will reflect what they looked like during their prime.
* KungFuWizard: In contrast to many magi who rely exclusively on magical means of combat, the Tohsaka family has a long-standing tradition of martial arts training which can be traced all the way back to their founder.
* LateArrivalSpoiler: Many of the Servants' identities, particularly Saber's as [[spoiler:a [[GenderFlip Gender Flipped]] KingArthur]], aren't really heavily guarded spoilers anymore.
* LimitedWardrobe: Almost everyone has, at most, two sets of clothes (typically school, armor, armor/casual, or school uniform/casual, or in Ilya's case, cold-weather/normal). Other, non-standard outfits are Ilya's Dress of Heaven, Rin's bedclothes, and the occasional birthday suit.
* LuminescentBlush: The three main heroines, Saber, Rin and Sakura, all have a blushing portrait in cases of embarassment.
* MagiBabble: Hours of exposition are devoted to explaining the mechanics of FunctionalMagic in different ways.
* MagicAIsMagicA: The Nasuverse has an extensive set of rules regarding what is possible and what is not possible and how people meet the energy requirements for what they do. For example, even with magecraft it's normally not possible to make something out of nothing. Nor can the output of energy be greater than what you put into it, meaning most mages have to power their spells with the energy around them rather than the energy inside. However, once you have this sort of baseline rule, you then have people who seem to break the rules by going outside the normal system, such as the True Magics or Reality Marble users, both of which are quite unnatural.
* MeleeATrois: The Holy Grail War is fashioned as one: 7 Masters, their eventual associates, 7 Servants. To reach the end of the War, 6 Servants must die. The Master's death is not required, but killing a Master is the fastest way to dispose of a Servant who doesn't have the Independant Action skill. A Servant who survives his Master's death long enough can take a new contract, and under some conditions a Master can have a contract with more than one Servant.
* MoodWhiplash: Before you enter the Tiger Dojo, [[InvokedTrope the story warns you that if you want to preserve your image of the characters, you should skip this area.]] Most Tiger Dojos are very silly.
* MundaneUtility:
** Rin's first order of business to her Servant Archer, a heroic spirit of mighty power ? "Clean up this mess." Then the next morning, the first thing Archer does is make tea. ''Damn'' good tea according to Rin.
** Initially, MundaneUtility is the ''only'' utility Shirou's [[WhatKindOfLamePowerIsHeartAnyway magic powers have]]. It really puts his [[TookALevelInBadass levels in badass]] in perspective when you consider that at the beginning of the story, Shirou was using his magic to...repair household appliances.
* OlderIsBetter: A very strongly adhered-to rule. Older magi are capable of things modern magic users can only dream of. It's also one of the reasons Gilgamesh is so powerful: he possesses the [[https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/Theory_of_Forms Platonic ideal]] of almost every weapon-type Noble Phantasm that ever was or will be, meaning that they're all at least one rank more powerful than the actual versions that were used by the Heroic Spirits.
* OminousPipeOrgan: Church on the Hilltop, which is [[ObviouslyEvil Kirei's theme]] and is ''supposed'' to be a soothing church tune but its effect is rather unsettling..
* OmnicidalManiac: [[spoiler:Angra Mainyu's]] sole purpose is to wipe out all humans. That is what he's supposed to do as [[spoiler:he's all the evils of the world.]]
* PossessionImpliesMastery: One of the big themes.
** The "Riding" skill. As long as the skill is highly ranked enough, a holder can simply grab the controls of any vehicle or mount and instantly know how to operate it as if they had been for years.
** Archer does not master his [[spoiler:projected]] weapons, but can get the skill/knowledge of utilisation of a weapon thanks to [[spoiler:his re-creation of the actual creation and its history as its master used it.]]
* PowerGlows: {{Justified|Trope}}: {{Mana}} distorts reality, so strong enough amounts of it become visible to the naked eye.
* ProjectileSpell: The Gandr spell sounds like a gun, and even leaves bullet holes behind.
* SealedEvilInACan: [[spoiler:Angra Mainyu]] was sealed within the Holy Grail during the Third War because [[spoiler:the Grail identified him as human instead of a spirit.]]
* ShoutOut:
** If you listen closely to the background music whenever Shirou's TV is telling the local news, you can hear some music from ''Tsukihime'', another [[NasuVerse Type-Moon]] VisualNovel.
** During one of the [[HaveANiceDeath Tiger Dojo]] chibis, there's a VideoGame/{{Touhou}} reference when Sakura and Rin briefly have a cute fight with each other, complete with rainbow-colored bullets everywhere and a side-shot of both of them vertically.
** The scene where we see [[spoiler:[[CruelAndUnusualDeath the worms at work]]]] is a fairly obvious ShoutOut to Creator/StephenKing's novel ''{{IT}}'', where Patrick Hocksetter dies in roughly the same way.
** The aftermath of the [[Literature/FateZero Grail Fire]] and Shirou's reaction is incredibly similar to the aftermath of the atomic bomb explosion as described in John Hersey's ''Hiroshima''.
** In the anime, Saber asks [[Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail "What are you going to do, bleed on me?"]]
** Berserker has a noble phantasm called [[{{Berserk}} God Hand]].
* SpoilerOpening: In the Vita version, this applies to all three routes. Heaven's Feel's opening in particular spoils [[spoiler:Sakura being a corrupt Grail, and Saber Alter]].
* SuddenGameInterface: All Masters are granted an intuitive understanding of what's going on in the Grail War--even Shirou, who stumbled into the whole thing completely unaware. His appear as RPG-style character sheets, complete with listed {{Character Alignment}}s.
* SummoningRitual: The Holy Grail War System provides the power behing the ritual required for acquiring a Servant. The Servant will usually respond to the call if the magus has an artifact associated with him.
* SupernormalBindings: One of Gilgamesh's Noble Phantasms is Enkidu, a special chain that was created to restrain the gods, its strength is proportional to the divinity of their opponent, so while it can easily overpower gods, when used against normal person, it simply acts as a tough chain.
* ThemeMusicPowerUp:
** Anytime "Emiya" starts playing, you know Shirou is going to do something ''epic'' or an important battle is going to happen.
** "Sword of Promised Victory" plays whenever the Holy Sword or a similar Noble Phantasm is about to be used.
** "Into the Night" (The title music) plays when the FinalBoss is about to get a beatdown -- it's an even more reliable power-up than "Emiya".
** "Premonition of a Storm" is one of those "Shit's going down!" songs that can pump it up. Sadly, it's not in the original VisualNovel, but a new musique of the ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight Realta Nua'' version.
* TemptingFate Hoo boy, the writers love this trope. It's played with, in both a comical and a serious tone, with varying results.
* ThereCanBeOnlyOne: The very concept of the Grail War is that only one magus can have his wish fulfilled. The Grail provides the individuals who desire it with Command Spells. Things are far more complicated.
* TranslatorMicrobes: The Holy Grail acts as one. For the Servants, it implants a basic level of knowledge about the time period into which they are summoned. This prevents inconveniences such as, for example, a Servant from Ancient Greece being freaked out by cars or cellphones. Pretty convenient considering a Servant can come from across time and from any culture around the globe.
* TwoTeacherSchool: The only staff we ever see at school are Soichiro Kuzuki and Taiga Fujimura, despite the apparent size of the school.
* UnreliableNarrator: TheNarrator, Rin or Shirou, is given to making observations which are later proven false.
* WallOfText: A VisualNovel is text-based by nature, but at times the presentation bogs down with dense blocks accompanied by unvoiced, single static images.
* WeirdnessCensor:
** Not even a rumor about the war is going on, even when things that couldn't be covered up or downplayed easily (sonic booms from attacks, shining golden light shooting into the sky at a flying horse, etc) happen. {{Justified|Trope}} by a cover-up done by TheChurch and [[MagicalSociety the Magical Association]], but we never see it in action during the VisualNovel.
** PlayedForLaughs on a smaller scale, when Rin gets so angry at Shirou that she shatters her "perfect student/school idol" image in front of everyone to shout at him. Everybody stares... then go back to what they were doing, subconsciously repressing those memories to maintain their "perfect" image of her. This happens on ''two separate occasions''.
* WitchSpecies: Magic in the {{Nasuverse}} is often genetically inherited through bloodlines. This isn't a hard-and-fast rule, though, as people from mundane families (like Shirou or [[VisualNovel/{{Tsukihime}} Ciel]]) can be born with magic circuits, and it's a plot point that one bloodline has slowly lost all of its power over generations. It's also possible to artificially create or increase magical potential.
* WithThisHerring: Pretty awesome once you think about it: Shirou's first battle against legendary hero Lancer is Lancer and his Gae Bolg versus Shirou and his... reinforced newspaper. The fact that it survives SEVERAL HITS from a legendary lance says it all.
* WordSaladTitle:
** Though the title still doesn't make much sense, one can at least find a recurring fate motif when thinking about it. [[spoiler: Such as Saber's desire to rewrite history, Archer's musings that, no matter their lifestyle, ultimately all heroes will have to face the same fate, their death, and the collapse of everything they worked for, as well as Kotomine asking the question of how much one's life is determined by inborn nature and the intentions of God.]] There is, of course, also the recurring question of why the Grail chose the Masters it did.
** This also occurs with individual scene titles, though each one makes sense [[ItMakesSenseInContext once you watch the scene]]. For example, Shapeless Island involves [[spoiler: Rider stealing Shirou's mana with wet dreams, shapeshifting into Rin]].
* WouldHurtAChild: Used in all three routes to show how evil the route's major antagonist really is.
** ''Fate'': [[spoiler:Kotomine]] has been using [[spoiler:the other orphans of the Fuyuki fire]] as living prana batteries for ten years, though "living" is [[BodyHorror entirely too]] [[AndIMustScream generous a term]].
** ''Unlimited Blade Works'': [[spoiler:Gilgamesh]] tearing out [[spoiler:Ilya]]'s heart.
** ''Heaven's Feel'': Everything [[spoiler:Zouken]] did with regards to raising [[spoiler:Sakura]].
[[/folder]]

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