[[quoteright:300:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/wc1_logo_ingame_9808.png]]

->''Break and Attack!''

A series of space-based Flight Sim and combat games from Origin Systems, Inc., dating back to 1990 with spinoffs including one movie, animated series, novels, even a few [[TheMerch action figures]].

In the 27th century, the depths of space are host to brutal wars being waged by brave men and women (and cats, and bugs). Mighty warships face off against one another... when they're not being [[Literature/HonorHarrington blown to dustbunnies]] by much smaller space fighters, as is often the case.

The player is a fighter pilot serving, in most games, in the Terran Confederation Space Force. The game setting is influenced by the interest of Chris Roberts (creator of the series) in ''Film/TopGun'' (the player character's callsign, established in later {{canon}}, is Maverick, for example), as well as ''Franchise/StarWars'' (see the final mission of ''Wing Commander III'', among other examples). The series also pioneered a lot of technology and advances [[SeinfeldIsUnfunny we take for granted nowadays]].

'''The series features seven main games:'''
* ''[[VideoGame/WingCommanderTheKilrathiSaga Wing Commander]]'', in which your nearly-SilentProtagonist becomes a hotshot pilot aboard the TCS ''Tiger's Claw'', a famed carrier in the Terran Confederation serving in the Vega sector of space. It made use of a fully-orchestrated (if MIDI) VariableMix, helping to make Sound Blaster a household name in computers.
* ''[[VideoGame/WingCommanderTheKilrathiSaga Wing Commander II: Vengeance of the Kilrathi]]'', which starts out with the ''Claw'' being destroyed by Kilrathi [[InvisibilityCloak Stealth Fighters]] ([[StealthInSpace which can turn invisible]]) while trying to attack a major enemy command post. Your character finds himself unfairly blamed, and vows to clear his name, getting his chance ten years later. Its use of digitized voices finished cementing Sound Blaster's fame.
* ''[[VideoGame/WingCommanderTheKilrathiSaga Wing Commander III: Heart of the Tiger]]'', in which the series moves to rendered 3D graphics and FullMotionVideo, involving several big-name stars; it was marketed as "The First Interactive Movie." Blair helps take the war to the Kilrathi one more time, but not without cost.
* ''[[VideoGame/WingCommanderIVThePriceOfFreedom Wing Commander IV: the Price of Freedom]]'' takes place two years after the end of the war, after Blair has retired and... [[CallToAgriculture become a farmer]] on a [[SingleBiomePlanet desert planet]]. Instead of [[ShoutOut buying some droids]], he's re-activated to investigate unrest out on the frontier, where the difference between friend and foe isn't quite as clear-cut as it used to be.
* ''Wing Commander Prophecy'' starts a new chapter in the series. You no longer play Christopher "Maverick" Blair, but a hot-shot new pilot, son of famed ''Tiger's Claw'' veteran Michael "Iceman" Casey. From the depths of space comes a new foe, one even the Kilrathi fear, and it's up to your experimental carrier to stop them. ''Prophecy'' is one of the first space sim games to utilize 3D accelerator hardware, in particular the 3DFx line.
* ''Wing Commander Secret Ops'' was originally [[UsefulNotes/DigitalDistribution released online]] as a free EpisodicGame, and may be the UrExample of that trope. It moves six ''Midway'' pilots to a new ship for another campaign against the "Nephilim" invaders as they strike at the heart of the [[TheFederation Confederation]]. ''Secret Ops'', running on a modified version of ''Prophecy''[='s=] VISION GameEngine, is something of a favorite in the GameMod community for its relative ease of modification.
* ''Wing Commander Arena'' follows, with a TimeSkip, after ''Secret Ops'', but [[ExcusePlot doesn't really have a storyline as such]] other than some descriptions of the GreatOffscreenWar with the Nephilim [[AllThereInTheManual in the manual]], as its primary focus is multiplayer combat. It is an ''UsefulNotes/XBoxLiveArcade'' exclusive game.

This is in addition to the spin offs:

* ''[[VideoGame/WingCommanderPrivateer Privateer]]'': Grayson Burrows is a Han Solo {{Expy}} just trying to make a living in a CrapsackWorld of space pirates, slavers, drug-dealers, and worse (some of which he can participate in).
* ''[[VideoGame/WingCommanderPrivateer Privateer 2: The Darkening]]'': A DolledUpInstallment. It begins with the player character awakening from cryogenic slumber and discovering people are out to kill him.
* ''VideoGame/StrikeCommander'': Sort of. It takes place in the TimeMarchesOn Near-Future of 2011 with conventional fighter planes duking it out for supremacy in a very plot-driven series of missions.

In addition to this, there are numerous {{Expansion Pack}}s, [[Literature/WingCommander tie-in novels]], a couple spin-offs, a SpiritualSuccessor in the form of ''VideoGame/{{Starlancer}}'' and ''VideoGame/{{Freelancer}}'', [[WesternAnimation/WingCommanderAcademy a Saturday morning cartoon]], and [[Film/WingCommander a movie]].

Origin Systems was eventually bought by Creator/ElectronicArts and then later dissolved, which marked an end to ongoing development of this franchise, but there are some very promising fan projects keeping it alive.

----
!!Tropes employed by the ''Wing Commander'' video games:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: For the Entire Series]]
* TwentyOneGunSalute: In some games you get a twenty-one laser-rifle salute at your funeral after your death.
* AcePilot: Besides the PlayerCharacter (a given, within the genre), most of the named pilots throughout the series qualify. It's common for ace pilots to have racked up ''thousands'' of kills.
* AllThereInTheManual:
** To the extent that if one only plays the games, the player will miss an incredible amount of story content, ''including how the saga begins and ends''. As an example, the planned ''Prophecy'' trilogy was left unfinished. The Nephilim had been defeated twice at the end of Secret Ops, but the threat was never resolved. However, the in-universe magazine ''Star*Soldier'' from ''Arena'' provides the last canon look at the furthest point in the Wing Commander timeline. The Confederation successfully defended against further Nephilim invasions, including striking back at their home dimension. However, as a result Confed was forced to abandon their outer territories to consolidate their defenses, resulting in a lawless fringe in the Antares Quadrant where Kilrathi warbands, pirates, mercs, and colonial militias frequently clash. This level of detail extends all the way back to the first Wing Commander game, which detailed origins of the Kilrathi war along with dozens of prior military operations and biographies of other famous aces.
** Approximately 95% of ''Secret Ops''' plot was explained on the (also episodically updated) website, with literally ''none of this'' included in any subsequent re-releases, in part thanks to copyright concerns from EA Germany. Have fun with Alt-tab.
** The manuals and supplementary materials for the Wing Commander games (and other games published by Origin) serve to tie the various games together, even games that don't seem to take place in the same universe (for example, ''VideoGame/SystemShock'' is a movie in the Wing Commander universe, and the Crusader games are a particularly dark chapter in the Wing Commander universe's timeline).
** In general, the manuals for many of these games are ''legendary''; the "feelies" that came with the first game in particular are beloved by many gamers of the early 90s and contained ''tons'' of background information not directly mentioned in the game (in fact the game assumes you read the manual and know the history... just like your character would). WC III and ''Prophecy'' had somewhat similar detailed manuals, as did ''Armada'' and both ''Privateer'' games, and the lack of this is generally one of the strikes held against II and IV.
* AlmostLethalWeapons: Starting with the third "main story" game in the series, the player's fighter gets extra damage absorption ability, compared to the same fighter flown by AI pilots, either friend or foe. In an extreme abuse of this property, if the player and the enemy are flying the same ship, as in the final flight mission of ''Wing Commander IV'', the player can contrive a situation where the enemy runs into them at full speed, killing the enemy while leaving their ship significantly damaged but surviving for auto-repair to kick in.
* AnimalThemeNaming: Most military fighters and bombers are named either according to this (e.g. Hornet, Ferret, Raptor), or...
* ArmsAndArmorThemeNaming: ...after medieval-ish weapons. (e.g. Scimitar, Longbow, Morningstar)
* {{Antimatter}}:
** Traditional capship power source, also used on the Excalibur and its descendant, the Dragon.
** Several capital warships also mount antimatter guns.
** The torpedoes from the Kilrathi war use Matter/Antimatter warheads.
* AnyoneCanDie:
** In the very first game, you could lose any one of your wingmen. Solemn funeral scene ensued. Next installments featured more comprehensive plot, so NPC pilots learned to use their ejection buttons. Since then, all deaths were plot-driven (but included some major characters).
** Once a pilot has fulfilled their plot obligation, they once again become potential victims of this trope. Which could lead to some oddness if they died in a previous installment during the player's campaign, and were then needed for a plot driven event in the sequel. For example, Vagabond could die in ''Wing Commander III'' but make a comeback in ''Wing Commander IV''. When spending a day or 2 on a Kilrathi Saga marathon with friends, can lead to [[Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000 MST3K]] style "Hey, he's dead!" moments.
* ArtificialStupidity:
** Anyone who's had a wingman try to shoot ''through'' them to hit the ship they're targeting has gotten a demonstration of this trope. See also friendly {{NPC}}s trying to engage ''Triton'' transports in ''Prophecy'' without first taking out the turret guarding the engines. Also, your carrier in ''Secret Ops'', the ''Cerberus'', tended to use its BFG indiscriminately against any enemy craft nearby. This can result in various allied ships being accidentally destroyed because they wandered into the cannon's fire patterns, such as a) your wingmen, b) the subject of today's EscortMission, or c) you.
** Just imagine the frustration if you carefully aim and fire a slowly moving torpedo at an enemy capship in ''Prophecy'', and then, while the missile is on its way, seeing a friendly NPC fighter flying directly into its flight path. Of course, this means all friendly ship would attack you [[NonstandardGameOver for treason.]]
** In the first game, it's also entirely possible to come back from a mission (and it's inevitably the really hard ones where this will happen) only to have your wingman crash into the Tiger's Claw and die because they take formation flying a little too seriously. Very annoying if you're trying to keep everyone alive. You could usually avoid it if you told your wingman to return to base. It was really bad when your ''wingman'' sank the Claw more than the ''Kilrathi'' did- something the {{SNES}} version of the first game was particularly prone to.
* AsteroidThicket:
** Crashing into an asteroid can (and often does) mean instant death. In some of the games they can also be shot with your cannons to sort of clear a path for you. There are also ''Mine Thickets'' in some sectors, and you do ''not'' want to shoot those.
** These got much easier once the series made the jump to true 3D, with a few large asteroids instead of a lot of small ones relatively close together.
** Made particularly annoying by the Kilrathi asteroid fighters in the third game, which still mean instant death if they hit you, with the added challenge that they are now also chasing and shooting at you, and have quite painful mines they're ready to drop in your face if you get on their tail.
** The Rostov system in the original ''Wing Commander'' deserves special mention; it's basically one giant Asteroid Thicket.
* {{Badass}}: most ''Tiger's Claw'' pilots. Well, on a carrier with a bunch of veterans who've survived some pretty intense years of combat, ''of course'' they're going to be {{badass}}. In-universe, Blair is considered this by the third game: his previous victories follow him around, and people look up to him as a role model for Navy pilots. Maniac is also considered this (to a lesser extent) in the fourth game.
* BattleThemeMusic: Wing Commander's use of situational music was part of what made Sound Blaster a home name in computer gaming.
* TheBattlestar: The series, at times, seems in love with the concept:
** The TCS ''Concordia'' in ''Wing Commander II'', armed with a full fighter wing, a [[WaveMotionGun Phase Transit Cannon]], and {{antimatter}} guns.
** The ''Vesuvius'' class supercarriers in ''Wing Commander IV'' are equipped with anti-capship weapons as well as fighters.
** Pretty much every ship in capable of carrying fighters counts as TheBattlestar, in particular cruisers and larger.
** ''Wing Commander III'' gives us, on the Kilrathi side, the Dreadnought, a huge (22 km long) warship equipped with a full fighter wing and numerous weapons including anti-ship missiles.
** The TCS ''Midway'' from ''Prophecy'' technically qualifies after it acquires a [[WaveMotionGun plasma cannon that can wipe out entire fleets in one shot]].
* BigNo:
** Kilrathi pilots in ''Wing Commander II'' and ''Wing Commander III'' sometimes do this when they get shot down.
** So do some of the hostile human pilots in ''Wing Commander IV''.
* BodyCountCompetition: Several of the ''Wing Commander'' games had a scoreboard on the ship, showing the kills of all the pilots onboard. The wingmen would gain kills even if they weren't selected as a wingman for a particular mission (since the player isn't the only pilot flying sorties), and some were much better at killing than others.
* BurialInSpace: Almost any pilots (including the player) that die gets one of these, complete with 21 gun salute as the funeral crew sends the coffin flying into space. In the first game, if it's a wingman that dies Blair vows to avenge the dead pilot... even if ''he'' is the reason they died, in an UnfriendlyFire situation.
* CallingYourAttacks: AI pilots launching torpedoes will announce the launch on the comms, mirroring RealLife Western-style air forces having their pilots call fighter missile launches so a wingman doesn't accidentally get hit. Not that it seems, in the fictional version, to stop [[ArtificialStupidity your wingmen from themselves stepping in front of a fired torpedo]].
* CoolStarship: it's a ''space flight sim''. These games ''run'' on the RuleOfCool Ship.
* CopyProtection: The original game and its add-ons asked a question of you when you loaded the game, with answers available from the manual or [[{{feelies}} the blueprints that came with the original releases]]. The protection was removed when ''Wing Commander'' was modified for the ''Kilrathi Saga'' collection.
* CreatorCameo:
** Chris Roberts provides the Communications Officer voice for the TCS ''Coventry'' in ''Wing Commander III'', as well as being a random pilot in the funeral cutscenes.
** Roberts also appears as the Black Lance officer saying "and I couldn't go on!", in the winning game end cinematics for ''Wing Commander IV''.
* CriticalAnnoyance: The Eject alarm, which goes off when your fighter is likely to be killed by the next hit. Fortunately, DeflectorShield regeneration turned it off.
* CriticalExistenceFailure: Averted throughout the entire series, actually, as your fighter would lose certain capabilities (shielding, radio, guns) as those systems were damaged or destroyed. (Well, averted with ''your'' ship; this kind of damage only infrequently affects ''enemy'' fighters.) Starting with ''Wing Commander III'', capships started to have components, or at least [[WeakTurretGun weak gun turrets]], which could be destroyed separately from the ship itself.
* {{Cutscene}}: The series as a whole made extensive use of cutscenes, originally with animated art and then later with live-action FullMotionVideo, to tell the story between the missions and provide the general atmosphere for the setting.
* DarkerAndEdgier: Happened little by little over the main series, with the situation growing ever more desperate and moral ambiguity creeping in. The first game depicts humans and Kilrathi being evenly matched in the war, with humans standing a good chance of winning. The second game introduced a faction of human traitors, and the Kilrathi ready with plans to recoup their losses in the end. The third game makes it clear that humans are slowly but surely losing the war, and the only hope of victory is a sneak attack on the Kilrathi homeworld with an experimental WeaponOfMassDestruction. With the Kilrathi pacified, the fourth game deals with a civil war between humans, with more [=WMDs=] and an EvilutionaryBiologist cabal orchestrating the events. ''Prophecy'' made a deliberate return to straightforward righteous battle against evil aliens. On the other hand, Prophecy makes it clear that the Nephilim pose an even greater threat than the Kilrathi and what the player faces is more or less a 'scouting party' and the much creepier mission music makes the game feel a lot scarier.
* DeathCryEcho:
** The Wing Commander games would have both friendly and enemy pilots scream over the radio at you if they were destroyed.
** Before they coded in the actual dialogue for the speech pack for ''Wing Commander II'', they had placeholder sound files, such as "forming on your wing" or "attacking" in a complete deadpan. {{Hilarity ensue|s}}d the first time the player lost a wingman, who calmly stated, "I'm dead."
* DeathCourse: Particularly in the earlier games, {{Asteroid Thicket}}s and {{Space Mine|s}}fields were placed in and around navigation waypoints, forcing the player to either have to fly carefully or travel off the straight-line path to the next point to steer around it.
* DeathOfAThousandCuts: The preferred method for capital craft destruction in the Wing Commander games when you don't absolutely need a torpedo to kill a capship. Guns are renewable resources[[note]]save the Stormfire, which is ammo-based[[/note]] and found on every ship, unlike torpedoes.
* DeflectorShields: used throughout the series. The more pertinent question is how strong the capship's "[[AppliedPhlebotinum Phase Shielding]]" is: in games 1 and 3, you can [[DeathOfAThousandCuts shoot a carrier to death with your fighter's guns]], but in 2, 4, ''Prophecy'', & ''Secret Ops'' torpedoes are the only viable method of downing a capship (unless you're flying a Devastator bomber, in ''Prophecy'' or ''Secret Ops'').
* DifficultyLevels:
** From ''Wing Commander III'' onwards, you could select a difficulty level from the options screen. AI in the higher levels use decoys to distract your missiles more frequently, and will use their own missiles more freely - and effectively. Given the deadly nature of missiles in all but the easiest difficulties, this becomes a nasty case of RealityEnsues.
** When ''Secret Ops'' first came out, you were required to fill out an online registration before you could download the game. One of the questions the registration asked was your experience with the Wing Commander series. If you said that you had beaten a Wing Commander game in the past, then the game would automatically be set to the "[[NintendoHard Nightmare]]" difficulty level ''without telling the player''.
* DueToTheDead: When a named character (even the player character, if the player screws up) dies, more often than not there's a funeral {{cutscene}}, with a 21 gun salute as the character's coffin [[BurialInSpace drifts off into space]].
* DynamicDifficulty: There was supposed to be an adjustment of AI skills, in the games before DifficultyLevels, but for many there's often little to no notice of much of a difference in any of the games where this trope was in effect.
* EjectEjectEject:
** Followed by a ride in an EjectionSeat if you actually do punch out. Better hope Kilrathi ace Dakhath nar Sihkag, from the first game, isn't around though. He [[InformedAbility likes using ejection seats for target practice]].
** Interestingly, in the first game the first time you eject, you get a special medal and award ceremony (they're trying to discourage HotBlooded recruits from SuicidalOverconfidence.) Any subsequent ejections get you reamed out by your commander.
* EjectionSeat:
** Ejecting means that you just failed every remaining objective (because your wingman [[WeCannotGoOnWithoutYou Can't Go On Without You]]), but it can occasionally be a wise move, especially if you don't like SaveScumming.
** Ejection in many missions, however, was still a loss. And one Kilrathi ace in particular was known for shooting up ejected pilots.
* EliteMooks: In the Wing Commander series, most of the games had the elite, named opponents with personalities.
* EscortMission: Many, as often as not escorting a civilian transport as a military vessel. Some are more tolerable than others, particularly warships that have defenses stronger than tissue paper and can shoot back at enemies attacking them.
* EventFlag: Some engagements during a mission are triggered at random when passing a certain point in space other than the designated navigational waypoints.
* EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep: In addition to most pilots usually being referred to by their callsign only, the first game had a bartender named "Shotglass" (his callsign from his pilot days) and the second and fourth games had mechanics named "Sparks" and "Pliers" respectively. (The latter two ''did'' have spoken-on-screen names - Janet [=McCullough=] and Robert Sykes - but nobody ever used them.)
* ExpandedUniverse: Wing Commander's EU includes ten novels (both adaptations of other material and original stories), multiple game guides, a WesternAnimation series, a CollectibleCardGame, and a movie, all of which count fully towards continuity.
* FantasticShipPrefix: The military ships of the Terran Confederation use TCS for Terran Confederation Ship, and KIS for Kilrathi warships.
* FashionableAsymmetry: The [[CatFolk Kilrathi]] are noted for their disinterest in symmetry and aesthetics in general. This is carried over subtly with their ship design, especially after ''Armada'' was released.[[note]]Earlier games used sprite-based graphics, which didn't really lend themselves well to asymmetrical ships.[[/note]]
* FasterThanLightTravel: via "jump points", which are formed by specific gravitic conditions. In the games, a SwirlyEnergyThingy opens and the ship goes through.
* FauxFirstPerson3D: Until ''Armada'', the games used a series of sprites drawn at different angles, the exact sprite displayed depending on the orientation of objects in relation to the player's view.
* TheFederation: Terran Confederation is, in general, a benign association of planets built up by humanity, and for the most part the heroes of the series.
* {{Feelies}}: Origin in general was good about this: the first game came with a "ship-board magazine" written by crew members of the ''Tiger's Claw'' (IE Roberts, WarrenSpector and Creator/AaronAllston) and contained tidbits which were used to answer CopyProtection questions. When they created collection releases (''Kilrathi Saga'', for the first three "main" games", and ''Prophecy Gold'' for ''Prophecy'' and ''Secret Ops'') they didn't just slap together the original manuals, but created new ones that included extra information that the originals didn't have, as well as the information from the individual releases.
* FighterLaunchingSequence: From the first game on the player's ship is shown launching from their base du jour, some times with a RedAlert going on.
* FinalDeath: either played straight or {{subverted}}, depending on the game. Some characters are plot-related deaths, but usually whether or not a shot down wingman survives depends on the specific circumstances.
* {{Foreshadowing}}: [[spoiler: Despite committing numerous atrocities with his Black Lance henchmen in order to prove that humanity was behind in intergalactic warfare,]] Tolwyn's admonition to Blair during the endgame of ''The Price of Freedom'' of an unknown race that will try to dominate mankind wasn't far off when in ''Prophecy'', that particular race would indeed show up and attempt to do so, having already established their superiority over the remnants of the Kilrathi.
* FrickinLaserBeams:
** Played straight with most of the guns, none of which have bolts that travel at lightspeed.
** The Tachyon cannon is a special case. According to tachyon theory[[note]]no tachyons have been actually observed in RealLife; at present they only exist as a mathematical concept[[/note]], they're not capable of traveling slower than light, but the manuals mention that their greater damage potential is in part due to the gun mechanism bringing the particles down to sublight speeds.
* FriendOrFoe: In the main games, for the most part your opponents will be flying ships entirely different from your own side's, so it's easier to tell who's who. This doesn't, however, help too much if your [[ArtificialStupidity wingman]] flies right into the path of the torpedo you just launched, resulting in an insta-kill of said idiot and everyone else declaring you a traitor, in all but the very first game.
* FunWithAcronyms: The manuals measure both the damage output of a weapon and the protection armor and shields provide in units of "ESK". This stands for EarthShatteringKaboom.
* GameLevel: The series includes a level lattice based on the success or failure of the campaign in each star system, each system composed of several missions.
* GameMod:
** Hackers & programmers using ''Prophecy'''s VISION Engine have managed to produce their own campaigns. Others have employed the ''VideoGame/FreeSpace2'' engine, ''VideoGame/VegaStrike'', or even built their own.
** Multiplayer functionality was originally planned for ''Prophecy'' but never finished, and the incomplete code was commented out due to time constraints (though not before an ad touting that functionality was published). Many fans were disappointed by the lack, but one was bothered enough to polish off the code and make it a viable option.
* GoodIsNotSoft: Spirit, Angel, Maverick, Hobbes, and several others are genuinely nice, friendly, caring people. They are also ace fighter pilots who can and do get downright vicious.
* GuyInBack:
** Technically, the option exists for any craft in the series with a rear turret to have a gunner, but for the most part they go unnamed. The games allow you to switch to that turret and operate it, but while doing so you can't control the rest of the ship.
** Any time you pilot a Broadsword in ''Wing Commander 2'', however, you're explicitly stated to have a full gunnery crew, one for each turret. In fact, in one mission, Angel herself straps into the lead gunner's seat to help you out (and won't take no for an answer, either). The gunnery crew occasionally serves as background characters, to boot.
** In ''Wing Commander IV'', Pliers notes that Blair will have to use an inferior auto-gunner in his craft's rear turret, as the ''Intrepid'' doesn't have personnel to spare for the duty.
* HairTriggerTemper: Although normally calm and collected, it is ''never'' a good idea to cross Colonel Blair. Many other pilots also qualify; most notably Cobra, Stingray, and Hawk, just to name a few.
* HelloInsertNameHere: Prior to the option of available speech, the name and callsign you chose at the start of the game was worked into the speech text. Starting with the FullMotionVideo of ''Wing Commander III'', you could only choose your callsign, but it was never mentioned in conversation.
* HighAltitudeBattle: {{Inverted}} in ''Wing Commander III'' and ''Wing Commander IV'', in that they are space combat games that require the player, in some missions to descend into the sky (i.e. atmosphere) of multiple planets to accomplish plot-critical objectives. Needless to say, these special levels as a rule tend to be tougher than the conventional space battles seen elsewhere in the series, if for no other reason than crashing into the ground by mistake.
* HighSpeedMissileDodge: Generally one of the ways to survive in the Wing Commander series, given the limited amount of decoys you generally get (at least prior to ''Prophecy''), particularly when they get significantly more fatal in ''Wing Commander IV''. Confusingly, the slow-ass, stock clunker of a Tarsus that you first fly in ''Privateer'', can simply afterburn away from missiles that are supposedly twice as fast as the ship they're targeting, even without much ECM help.
* HitboxDissonance: Ships in the first two games simulate 3D objects flying freely through space by using a series of sprites drawn at various angles, with the appropriate sprite angle displayed in relation to the player's ship. However, the hitboxes are rectangular, no matter what the actual sprite looks like. This is especially noticeable when you are firing at a flat-shaped enemy fighter that is aligned diagonally, and you can hit it at the "empty" corners of the hitbox.
* HoldTheLine: Several missions throughout the series are {{escort mission}}s of your home carrier, buying time for it to make it to the next jump point.
* HumansAreWhite:
** Averted in the first game. Although a majority of your crewmates on the Tiger's Claw are white, it's not by a large margin. Among the main characters, besides the white ones, are a black man, a Japanese woman, and a Taiwanese man. [[AndZoidberg And Maniac]].
** When the games made the jump to FullMotionVideo, the ratio of ethnicities tilted towards Caucasians, but there was still a fairly significant non-token minority presence, including the first carrier captain seen in the series who wasn't white, Captain Eisen.
* IdTellYouButThenIdHaveToKillYou: Blair, in ''Wing Commander IV'' when he comes aboard the TCS ''Lexington'', uses this line to poke fun at Maniac, taunting him with made-up classified comments from Admiral Tolwyn.
* IfYouDieICallYourStuff: In ''Prophecy'', one of the in-flight "flavor" communications:
--> '''Zero:''' Hey Maestro. If you die, can I have your stereo?\\
'''Maestro:''' You can burn in hell.
* InSpaceEveryoneCanSeeYourFace: The series averts this trope, for the most part. At most one only saw the area immediately around the eyes of the pilots wearing the helmets, and it wasn't illuminated other than by the light in the cockpit (which just shifted the problem out of the helmet, but that's not this trope).
* InertialDampening: One of many components in your fighter that can fail as you take damage, though the games don't model any actual effects of its loss other than ''any'' collision being fatal.
* InformalEulogy: Your commanding officer will have a special eulogy on your behalf when you kick the bucket. Your wingmen get these, too, if they die in combat.
* InformedAbility: The wingmen you fly with are all supposed to be truly {{badass}} veteran pilots, but with a relative few exceptions... well, [[ArtificialStupidity they aren't]].
* InHarmsWay: Despite claiming to be happy [[CallToAgriculture retiring to a quiet farm]], Blair seems quite pleased to be recalled to active duty in ''Wing Commander IV''. In fact, the player has the chance to [[GoodSamaritanSyndrome come to someone's aid]] when a [[ChekhovsGunman nasty fellow with a knife]] is threatening him in the same scene.
* InstantWinCondition: In some missions not only is it not required to destroy all targets, you get chewed out for doing so.
* IronicNickname: Colonel Christopher "[[ShoutOut Maverick]]" Blair is, for the most part, not actually a MilitaryMaverick. He in fact had quite the reputation as a ByTheBookCop for much of his career, although there have been times where he disregarded orders.
* ItsAWonderfulFailure: Every ''Wing Commander'' game has an ending scene depicting the results of losing the campaign.
* KilledMidSentence: Happens quite regularly in games in the series that have speech, with taunts being cut off by the speaker's ship becoming a rapidly expanding ball of plasma, courtesy of your guns.
* MacrossMissileMassacre:
** To a lesser degree than a full MMM, using the salvo function, one can dump all of one's missiles in a short time. This is a cheap way to kill "Flash" in the sim contest in ''Wing Commander III'', if you don't want to take forever to kick the little twerp's ass. This method also works on potting Thrakhath after the [[WaveMotionGun Behemoth]] is destroyed in the Loki system.[[note]]In the ''Kilrathi Saga'' version of ''Wing Commander III'', unlike the initial DOS release, the instant Thrakhath dies your carrier jumps out, even if there's still time left on the countdown.[[/note]] Of course, being TheDragon, Thrakhath returns at the end anyway, even if you do kill him and get to land.
** In ''Prophecy'' and it's sequel ''Secret Ops'', the player on occasion has access to the Wasp interceptor. One of it's weapons is the Swarmer, a launcher that with each shot fires eight missiles that track your locked target--as long as you keep your target within your front view (otherwise the Swarmers will lose lock and fly off aimlessly. If you possess the piloting skills to keep your target in your view (often not possible without jettisoning the Wasp's booster), it's a one-shot kill. See also the Tracker, mentioned in ClusterMissile.
** In general, Confed ships later in the timeline carry up to triple the missile compliment of their Kilrathi war equivalents. The standard issue Vampire, not counting Spec Ops variants, carry twelve missiles which fire from four MIRV warheads, and those are ''not'' the only missiles in its payload.
* TheMagicPokerEquation: In ''Wing Commander II'' and ''Wing Commander IV'', two {{NPC}} pilots get a certain hand with plot significance: [[spoiler:The Dead Man's Hand (aces and eights), in particular, signaling the impending demise of Mariko "Spirit" Tanaka in ''Wing Commander II'', and Winston "Vagabond" Chang in ''Wing Commander IV'']].
* MildlyMilitary: The Terran Confederation armed forces' discipline wavers between "relaxed" and "a complete disgrace", throughout the games, behaving in ways that would have even the most laid-back commander seeking firing squads for the offending parties.
* MilitaryMaverick:
** Maniac. One of the game manuals suggests that Maniac is best utilized like a hand grenade. Throw him into the midst of the enemy, and then go in after him to clean up. In ''Prophecy'', his behavior did not translate well when he was chosen to become a squadron leader, as it cost him a few lives of his wingmen, and he later voluntarily stepped down as leader.
** While Blair's callsign of "Maverick" is often an IronicNickname, he will disobey orders if he thinks the stakes are high enough.
** The Border Worlds Militia ups the ante on this trope by being a straight-up RagTagBunchOfMisfits.
* MilitaryMashupMachine: both subverted and played straight, depending on the game.
* MisGuidedMissile: In the first game Angel refers to a missile that Maniac fired that missed its intended target and took out a friendly ship. Later, in ''Wing Commander IV'', Maniac suggests deliberately missing his first few missiles to Catscratch. (As per Maniac's usual track record, this fails miserably when Catscratch tries it, leading to a failed mission, a destroyed fighter, and - depending on the player's choices - Catscratch's death.)
* MissionBriefing: A staple of the series, which isn't really surprising given that Wing Commander's setting ''is'' a military one ([[MildlyMilitary mostly]]). Also where one can find one of the early swipes at [[MilitaryMaverick Maniac]]:
-->'''Halcyon:''' I thought so. Now, let's look at your patrol plan, Maverick. It's a simple three-point route, with a few asteroids near Nav 2. Keep alert. We really don't know what to expect out there, but we know we're in hairball territory. Just fly your route and get back with a report - and if Maniac gives you any static, you have my permission to shoot him to pieces.\\
'''Maverick:''' Should I use missiles, sir, or ship's guns?\\
'''Halcyon:''' Guns, Maverick. Save your missiles for important targets.\\
'''Maniac:''' What?!\\
'''Halcyon:''' Squadron dismissed.
* MissionControl: Most missions don't have any information more than what you get at the MissionBriefing before launching, but on occasion (particularly in the later games) the player receives information from their home base, directing them to another task while still in flight or informing them of any changes in the situation.
* MultipleEndings: Particularly in the games with FMV, the ending you get is determined either by gameplay performance or RelationshipValues.
* MythologyGag: Quite a few in the manuals and supplementary materials for the Wing Commander games, as well as for those of other games Origin published.
** The ''Franchise/{{Ultima}}'' games, for instance, have had various hints that Brittania was located on a planet in the Wing Commander universe. This included a ship-wrecked Kilrathi pilot in ''VideoGame/UltimaVII''.
** In the manual for ''Arena'', among other examples there's an advertisement for Maniac's autobiography, and an advertisement for a ''[[VideoGame/{{Crusader}} No Remorse]]'' movie.
* NoFairCheating: In the compilation ''Kilrathi Saga'' (1-3), the launcher program gives you the option of making yourself invincible, in the first two games, akin to the old "origin -k" command line switch, but changes your callsign to "CHEATER".
* NomDeGuerre: The callsigns for pilots, most of which sound really cool: Maniac, Angel, Bossman, Knight, Spirit, Doomsday, Jazz, Paladin, Shotglass, Shadow, Crossbones, [[ShoutOut Hobbes]], etc. In ''Wing Commander III'', they even gave the main character of the series the callsign Maverick (most famous from its use in the movie ''Film/TopGun'', one of Chris Roberts' inspirations to make Wing Commander).
* NonLinearSequel: ''Wing Commander II'' was set ten years after the end of the second [[ExpansionPack addon]], the XBox Live game ''Arena'' was set 20 years after the events of ''Prophecy'', and ''Privateer 2: The Darkening'' was... well, its own little world, for the most part, with subtle hints of a connection to the "main" games dropped throughout the game.
* NumberedSequels: Until ''Prophecy'' the sequel games all were numbered.
* OldSchoolDogfight: the whole reason for the existence of the series.
* OneManArmy: With [[ArtificialStupidity the average NPC wingmen]], this is often your role in a mission, taking out numerous waves of enemies.
* OralFixation:
** Captain Ian "Hunter" St. John is always seen with a partly burned cigar in his mouth.
** Robert "Pliers" Sykes' regular use of chewing tobacco, spitting out the juice wherever he wishes while in the hangar areas aboard the ''Intrepid''.
* PaletteSwap: Due to cartridge space limitations, the {{SNES}} ports of ''Wing Commander'' and ''Wing Commander: The Secret Missions'' use the Salthi model in a different color for the Jalthi heavy fighter, though it did have the correct (and painful, for their target) gun loadout and performance.
* PhotoprotoneutronTorpedo: Many. Neutron guns, ion cannons, tachyon cannons, proton torpedoes...
* PlanarShockwave:
** When Kilrah is destroyed at the end of ''Wing Commander III'', it explodes into a relatively flat shockwave that catches Blair's fighter as he tries to escape following his attack.
** The Vision engine used in ''Prophecy'' generates these randomly when a fighter-class craft explodes.
* PlanetTerra: The Terran Confederation.
* PointDefenseless: Alternately played straight and averted in the series:
** Averted in ''Armada'', where quite accurate flak cannons will rip the hell out of even heavy fighters in a few hits.
** Anti-matter guns in ''Wing Commander III'' will result in a horde of dead pilots, both human and Kilrathi, if not taken seriously. Cruisers like the Ajax can shred anything up to a heavy fighter or bomb wing by themselves.
** In ''Prophecy'', the rear gun turret on the Triton transports isn't necessarily fatal to the player's fighter, but it ''is'' quite good at shooting down torpedoes launched at the engine, required to kill them. The positioning also makes the turret difficult to destroy so that it won't interfere with an attack.
** In ''Secret Ops'', the Cerberus and Plunkett class cruiser have heavy guns which can be as dangerous to you as to the enemy if you don't pay attention to their firing arcs.
* PortalNetwork: the jump-point system, at least in the games.
* PracticalTaunt: The series has a special keyboard command for taunting enemies, which can make the target of the taunt redirect their attack to you from whatever they were previously shooting at. This is particularly useful when the enemy is targeting the subject of your escort mission, which usually has the defensive strength of wet tissue paper.
* PressStartToGameOver: The first game starts with your ship blowing up and a GameOver screen. Fortunately, it's FissionMailed -- you've been playing the UnwinnableTrainingSimulation. The game uses the following high score screen as a way for you to input the callsign of your choice.
* PreviousPlayerCharacterCameo: In the first four games, your PlayerCharacter is Christopher Blair. Then comes ''Prophecy'', where Blair is an NPC, and you take on the role of a rookie pilot.
* PunctuationShaker: Many Kilrathi names make use apostrophes, although just as many do not.
* RadioSilence: You can give this order to your wingman, but whether they obey depends on the individual. If it's Maniac? Forget it, outside of the final mission series in ''Wing Commander III'', where he obeys ''all'' orders.
* RammingAlwaysWorks:
** The "bad" ending from ''Wing Commander III'', in the Sol System mission series.
** Heaven's Gate is a heavily armored space station that Confed thinks will stand up even to bombers. Spirit has a rather unorthodox tearjerker - but effective - solution... given the NationalStereotypes, you can probably guess what it is.
** One of the strategies recommended by players to beat [[ThatOneLevel/SpaceSimulator Kurasawa 2]] is to ram enemy fighters targeting the Ralari. Not only is there the obvious damage, but doing so causes their ship to briefly lose control, and throw off their aim.
* {{Ramscoop}}: In the main series of games, some fighters -- notably the ''Excalibur'' and ''Dragon'' -- use experimental {{antimatter}} drives that refuel via "Bussard intakes"; the same type of power system utilized by capital ships.
* RandomEncounters: ''Privateer'' and its add-on ''Righteous Fire'', and from ''Wing Commander III'' onwards in the "main line" games.
* RelationshipValues: in ''Wing Commander III'' and ''Wing Commander IV''. Affected by your choices on missions and by your dialogue choices with different characters. Amusingly, if you take the chance to punch a General [[spoiler: who happens to be a long-time friend withholding information from you]], then the morale of the entire ship's crew goes up by one point.
* RespawningEnemies: Used in various places:
** In ''Wing Commander III'', in the final [[WaveMotionGun Behemoth]] defense mission, Kilrathi fighters respawn infinitely until [[spoiler:the Behemoth is destroyed]].
** In the final mission of the same game, the Strakha ace "Stalker" will respawn just before going to the planet until your final wingman is no longer present, to ensure you fly the final leg of the run alone.
** In ''Wing Commander IV'', an infinite number of Border Worlds bombers will spawn if you refuse the second opportunity to defect from Confed until the ''Lexington'' is destroyed.
** One mid-game mission in ''Prophecy'' feature infinitely respawning Nephilim fighters. The goal not to kill them all, but to keep your fighter and the ''Midway'' alive until the carrier is ready to jump out.
* {{Retirony}}: In ''Wing Commander II'', [[spoiler:Elizabeth "Shadow" Norwood]] talks of soon retiring from active service, just before being killed in a Kilrathi ambush.
* RevengeOfTheSequel: ''Wing Commander II: Vengeance of the Kilrathi''
* {{Rotoscoping}}: The kiss scene between Blair and Angel in ''Wing Commander II'' was rotoscoped, with series creator Chris Roberts providing the basis for Blair's body.[[note]]The female providing the base body for Angel is unknown, however, but probably an Origin staffer at the time.[[/note]]
* RubberBandAI: ''Wing Commander'' had a "dynamic difficulty" system that scaled the enemy's abilities based on how well the player was doing. It did ''not'', however, change the wingman's performance or take it into account. So if for some reason the wingman was doing poorly (making the mission hard to start with), and the player pulled off a miraculous save, things got a whole lot worse for the player. And wingman.
* SaveGameLimits: Not so much in the later games, but there were only a limited number of save slots. In ''Prophecy'', however, there were two-stage missions, and you weren't allowed to save between the stages, resulting in an annoyingly long stretch of gameplay if you were pressed for time.
* SciFiWritersHaveNoSenseOfScale:
** The series as a whole was never all that clear on what units of distance to use, depending on the game, but pretty much all of them were ludicrously '''wrong'''.
** There's also the shenanigans it plays with measuring speed, by using a variable "klicks" (which, unlike in RealLife, [[UnitConfusion isn't slang for kilometers]]) for the distance portion of stated speeds, for [[RuleOfFun gameplay reasons]].
* SchematizedProp: The original ''Wing Commander'' came with blueprints of the space fighters you flew in the game, and as mentioned above served as a form of CopyProtection in the original games.
* SeeYouInHell:
** In ''Wing Commander IV'', some of the SpacePirates literally say it, and in dramatic fashion, when you kill them.
---> '''SpacePirate:''' See you in HELLLLLLLLLLL-(Static)
** And the Midway's communications officer, should the player drop the ball in defending the ship.
---> '''Midway Comms Officer:''' SEE YOU IN HELL, YOU BASTARDS!
* ShoutOut:
** You have [[Franchise/StarWars Luke Skywalker]] dropping a bomb in a trench run to save the good guys, not to mention said pilot name is [[Film/TopGun Maverick]]. And if you lose in ''Wing Commander III'', you get a nice apocalyptic scene where [[Film/Terminator2JudgmentDay a furry cat foot crushes a human skull during a nuclear holocaust]].
** The map that came with some versions of ''Prophecy'' contain a whole bunch of references, from famous space travelers, to scientists and engineers, to ScienceFiction writers, and even to some of the fans that have worked with Origin[=/=]EA in various ways, over the years.
** The manual for ''Arena'' is loaded references to various fans and fan projects, some of the latter becoming sources of [[{{canon}} official]] ship designations and class names.
** In a nod to ''Film/BatmanTheMovie'', the fighter startup screen shown while loading data from the CD, in ''Wing Commander III'', is lifted in part from the startup checklist for the Batmobile.
** The TCS ''Concordia'', the carrier our heroes fly off of in ''Wing Commander II'', is named for [[http://www.concordia.edu/ Concordia University Texas]], which happens to share a hometown with the studio that produced the games.
* SimulationGame: Well, '''duh'''!
* SinkTheLifeBoats: One of the Kilrathi aces in the original ''Wing Commander'' has a reputation for shooting ejection pods. This doesn't seem to come up if you eject when flying against him, though.
* SomethingWeForgot: In the ExpansionPack ''Special Operations II'' for ''Wing Commander II'', at the very end of the closing cinematics, after Blair has defeated Jazz and returns for praise from everyone, there's a scene of Maniac's fighter, stranded by a broken jump drive that kept him from assisting in the final fight, drifting in the void while calling for help.
* SpaceCadetAcademy: The Terran Confederation Academy. The animation ''WesternAnimation/WingCommanderAcademy'' in particular features Academy cadets as the main characters.
* SpaceFighter[=/=]SpacePlane: Many of the fighters that are a staple of the genre are said to not be atmospheric capable, or at least not fighting in an atmosphere, while others are explicitly stated to be capable of flying and fighting in an atmosphere. In a pre-flight briefing for a mission in one of the ''Secret Missions'' {{expansion pack}}s, Colonel Halcyon even warns pilots against trying to fight in the atmosphere of a nearby planet[[note]]even if the actual game mechanics don't let you get the chance to actually try it until ''Wing Commander III''[[/note]].
* SpaceFlecks: In the games prior to ''Wing Commander III'' in particular they're quite noticeable, given the resolution of the earlier games.
* SpaceIsAir: The Wing Commander series plays this trope mostly straight for the sake of the {{Old School Dogfight}}s, but in the later games some fighters have the option of "autoslide", which will make your fighter operate in a purely Newtonian manner for as long as autoslide is toggled. To actually change your vector requires turning it off and going back to playing the trope straight, however, then turning it back on when you're on the desired heading and have accelerated back up to the desired velocity.
* SpaceIsNoisy: Justified; the ''Wing Commander II'' [[AllThereInTheManual manual]] explains that your fighter's computer provides audio cues to improve your situational awareness... which is actually quite rational.
* SpaceMarine: SpaceMarines get little mention in the Wing Commander game series as a whole, given the focus of the genre, but they are seen in several of them, playing a relatively minor but still important part in the plot.
** In the [[ExpansionPack add-on]] "Operation Thor's Hammer", for the original ''Wing Commander'', they provide the force that assassinates the Kilrathi priestess conducting the Sivar Eshrad ceremony on Firekka.
** In ''Wing Commander IV'', SpaceMarines of both the Terran Confederation and the Union of Border Worlds play a part in the plot, mostly in regards to boarding ships and stations to (re)capture them for their respective governments.
** Likewise, in ''Prophecy'', Terran Confederation marines recapture several stations taken over by the [[HordeOfAlienLocusts Nephilim]], and shut down most of the [[PortalNetwork wormhole gate]] in the final mission, leaving the player to finish the job due to stiff resistance from the [[FantasticSlurs bugs]] preventing further marine penetration of the facility.
* SpaceMines: Porcupine Space Mines (proximity, limited homing); turret mines (miniature laser platforms), high explosive contact mines and viral mines (broadcast virus-infested transmissions to infect and shut down ship computer systems).
* SpaceNavy: ''Wing Commander'' has not only a SpaceNavy, but an Air Force analog (Terran Confederation Space Force), as well. There's no real rhyme or reason as to when a carrier is host to a Navy wing or a Space Force one, and there's apparently some switching of personnel between the services (Commodore [a navy rank] Blair in ''Prophecy'' was, prior to 2681, in Space Force, which uses a modified Army rank structure). The ships themselves, however, are pure navy, and manned by navy crews.
* SpacePirates: In ''Wing Commander IV'' the first mission set is dedicated to taking out a pirate group that's causing trouble in the area. [[spoiler:They are, per the novelization, specifically there to cause trouble as part of Tolwyn's plan.]]
* SpitefulSpit: In ''Wing Commander III'', during taunting/questioning by [[TheDragon Prince Thrakhath]], "Angel" Devereaux spits in his face.
* SplashDamage:
** ''Wing Commander II'' and ''Wing Commander IV'' have the Mace, a tactical nuclear missile that can be used to take out groups of sufficiently close targets, detonated either by shooting the missile ([=WC2=]) or on command ([=WC4=]).
** ''Wing Commander IV'' also has the Starburst and Coneburst missiles, which effectively act like player controlled grenades. As the names suggest, the Starburst's shrapnel field is omnidirectional, while the Coneburst's damage is aimed forward in a conical pattern. Unlike with the Mace, though, the damage is constant within the damage area.
* StalkingMission: Hellespont system in ''Wing Commander IV'', when tracking down the pirate frigate.
* StandardSciFiFleet: While {{Old School Dogfight}}ing is the focus of the series, pretty much all of the standard ship classes are seen at one point or another in the series, save for the battleships depicted in the novels.
* StandardStarshipScuffle: Although most of the combat in the series are {{Old School Dogfight}}s, there are a few exceptions:
** In one mission in ''Wing Commander III'', you're {{escort|mission}}ing a pair of human destroyers that will engage Kilrathi destroyers in the area if given the opportunity.
** One {{cutscene}} in the successful mission tree of ''Secret Ops'' shows an engagement between a ''Plunkett'' heavy cruiser and a Hydra cruiser. The losing mission branch version of the scene shows the ''Plunkett'' being swarmed by Nephilim fighters, however.
* StealthInSpace: Cloaking devices, as noted above
* TheStinger:
** After the ending credits of ''Special Operations II'', there's a scene of Maniac's fighter, stranded by a broken jump drive that kept him from assisting in the final fight, drifting in the void while calling for help.
** Watch the WCIII credits all the way to the end. Maniac has a fun little bit.
* StoppedNumberingSequels: The fifth "main" game, ''Wing Commander: Prophecy'', dropped the numbering of sequels from earlier games, the series stepping back from the extensive FullMotionVideo of the previous two installations to more of a focus on gameplay, after creator Chris Roberts left Origin.
* StoryBranching: In the first game, the success or failure of your missions determines the next system you go to. Downplayed in its expansion packs, as a "failure" in any system after the first has you play through your [[ItsAWonderfulFailure Wonderful Failure]]. The second mainline game has a set sequence of systems, but the even-numbered systems have different missions depending on whether you are on the "winning" or "losing" path.
* StoryDrivenInvulnerability:
** Starting with ''Wing Commander II'', downed friendly {{NPC}}s could eject, to become available in the next mission... until [[PlotlineDeath the plot called for them to die]].
** Zigzagged starting with ''Wing Commander IV'' by supplying death-able pilots ''in addition to'' the plot-critical always-ejecting supporting characters. (Even better, the redshirts sometimes eject.)
* StoryToGameplayRatio: The prevalence of plot and cutscenes increased from the original game, which didn't have much at all, on to ''Wing Commander IV'', which shipped on [[{{Doorstopper}} 6 CD-ROMs]]. (For context, ''VideoGame/{{Half-Life 2}}'' takes 5.) Thereafter it receded sharply.
* StreamingStars: Always a feature.
* SubsystemDamage:
** Available for the PlayerCharacter ship since the very first game, where you could lose subsystems that hamper your performance but don't kill you outright; some of the damage can be repaired by auto-repair systems if given sufficient time... unless that, too, was destroyed, in which case you were hosed. Losing a gun, though, wasn't fixed until after you returned to base.
** Starting with ''Wing Commander III'', capships were given individually targetable turrets, and in ''Wing Commander IV'' one of the Speradon missions involves destroying the engine exhaust ports on a carrier in drydock as part of an effort to keep it from escaping.
** In ''Prophecy'' and ''Secret Ops'', destroying certain critical subsystems (including, on the largest vessels, shield generators) was the ''only'' way to damage Nephilim capships. 90% of their hull was invulnerable for all intents and purposes.
* SuddenSequelDeathSyndrome: The series apparently loves these:
** ''Wing Commander II'' - [[spoiler:the Tiger's Claw is destroyed in the intro sequence, killing many of the characters from the first game (eg. Halcyon, Shotglass)]].
** ''Wing Commander III'' - [[spoiler:Angel is executed by the Kilrathi as part of the opening sequence, though the full scene isn't shown until later]]. The first scene with [[PlayerCharacter Blair]] also shows him investigating the wreckage of the TCS ''Concordia''.
** ''Wing Commander IV'' - [[spoiler:Vagabond is killed a short way into the game]]. {{Averted}}, however, by the TCS ''Victory'', which is said by Maniac to have been converted into a museum ship after the conclusion of the Kilrathi War.
** ''Prophecy'' - [[spoiler:Christopher Blair is missing in action/presumed dead by the end of the first act, but then recovered, only to be missing in action/presumed dead again by the end of the game. Also, Hawk is killed a little after halfway through.]]
* TankGoodness: In ''Wing Commander IV'', one of the missions in the Circe mission series puts you in the position of halting an offensive by [[FrickinLaserBeams laser]]-armed {{hovertank}}s.
* {{Taps}}: The theme that accompanies funeral scenes ends with a full playing of Taps.
* TimTaylorTechnology: In later games in the series, you could divert power from one subsystem to another. In ''Wing Commander III'' and ''Wing Commander IV'', this allowed you to get to maximum speed/shields/capacitor/repairs faster, but didn't otherwise improve your stats. In ''Prophecy'', however, the repair system was removed, but putting more power into engines allowed you to exceed the normal top speed of your ship.
* TitleDrop: several times in the games.
** Used in ''Wing Commander III'' both as the [[RedBaron nickname given by the Kilrathi to Blair]] [[spoiler:and as TheMole's TriggerPhrase.]]
** Done most gracefully in ''Wing Commander IV'', where the title drop is part of a quote that forms the game's ArcWords: "The price of freedom is eternal vigilance." Tolwyn says this once near the beginning of the game, and then again at the very end; what happens in between places those two utterances into very different contexts.
* TooAwesomeToUse: Played straight and subverted with the Flashpak. The player can either use it on the Ella Starbase (killing thousands of civies) or save it (and deal with waves of enemy fighters). If the player opts the latter, they have the option of using it on the Vesuvius. Either way, they only get one use with it.
* TractorBeam:
** In ''Wing Commander II'', one mission has the player flying a Broadsword, using its tractor beam to retrieve a data pod.
** Blair's crippled fighter is retrieved by a Kilrathi Dreadnought that uses a tractor beam to draw it in.
* TranslationConvention: Even when discussing amongst themselves when only others of their race are around, the Kilrathi use English, for the sake of the audience's understanding.
* UnfriendlyFire: Blair threatens Maniac with this, in ''Wing Commander III'', after the latter makes one of his usual snide remarks, when Blair is still dealing with Angel being disemboweled. This does turn into a much more friendly running gag, though, as the series goes on, with everyone predicting that friendly fire is the only way Maniac will ever really meet his end.
* UnitsNotToScale:
** Prior to ''Armada'' the animated sprites had no particular scaling in mind. An external view of your fighter beside your home carrier would leave one scratching their head at how a hundred or more fighters could fit in such a rinky-dink ship. In ''Armada'', ''Wing Commander III'', and ''Wing Commander IV'', they used three separate scales ("fighter", "capship" and "starbase"), which were accurate within their own domain but not so outside of it. With the introduction of ''Prophecy'', everything was brought into scale with everything else.
** However, even with the release of ''Prophecy'', the ''speed units'' tended to vary, so a "klick" wasn't the same thing as a kilometer, the variation being a [[RuleOfFun gameplay]] issue.
* UnwinnableByDesign: Losing paths of any games, where even if you succeeded in surviving and meeting the mission requirements you still lost the game, but in particular from ''Wing Commander III'' onwards, if you screwed up sufficiently, you got routed to a no-win scenario, where you continued until either dying or [[RageQuit quitting in disgust and/or boredom.]]
* UsedFuture: In particular the ''Tiger's Claw'', to try and get that WorldWarTwo feel. Later games were somewhat more spit-and-polish, though the ''Victory'' and ''Intrepid'' were still pretty duct-tape-and-prayers kinds of ships.
* VideogameCaringPotential: Many of your wingmen receive considerable CharacterDevelopment, giving you extra motivation to look out for them in combat, and causing some of their scripted deaths (beginning with ''Wing Commander II'') to deliver quite the PlayerPunch.
* VideoGameCrueltyPunishment: The first game allowed you to kill your wingman without retribution. [[note]]In fact, Colonel Halcyon ''encourages'' you to do so to Maniac if he refuses to listen to your orders too much; it's a major point of debate as to just how much he was joking[[/note]] Later games made the wingmen start fighting back if it was obvious you were trying to nail them, and from ''Wing Commander III'' onward, you get ''[[NonStandardGameOver court-martialed]]'' if you return to base after shooting down your wingman... unless you eject afterwards, in which case the game forgets that you did the killing.
* VisibleInvisibility
** In ''Wing Commander III'', in the "fly-by" cutscenes the player's cloaked Excalibur shows up as wireframe outlines.
** In ''Wing Commander IV'', thanks to special optics for the Dragon fighter you can visually track cloaked ships, which use the wireframe outline mentioned above to display them.
* WarIsHell: A staple of the entire franchise. Tends to come out even more in the books than in the games, though the games sure don't slouch on this in places.
* WaveMotionGun:
** The ''Behemoth'', a [[EarthShatteringKaboom planet-exploding gun]] with a ship wrapped around it. In an interesting subversion of the actor, Blair has to ''protect'' it ([[spoiler: he fails, because a) it wasn't finished before being trotted out, and b) Hobbes found out about that]]).
** The Phase Transit Cannon mounted on the TCS ''Concordia'' in ''Wing Commander II'' (which may have been a ''direct'' shoutout to the original WMG).
** The "fleet killer" alien plasma weapon acquired for the TCS ''Midway'' in the latter half of ''Prophecy'', originally mounted on Krakens.
* WeakTurretGun: Pretty much any game from ''Wing Commander III'' onwards.
** Except for the rear turret on the aforementioned Triton transport. However, this isn't because the turret itself is powerful, but rather it's invulnerable from most angles due to weird nuances in the transport's shields, and its annoying tendency to shoot down torpedoes aimed at the engine with more success than any other point defense system in the entire franchise.
* WeaponOfMassDestruction: In addition to the ''Behemoth'' (and its predecessor the ''Sivar'') and the Temblor Bomb, there's the bioweapon used against Locanda IV, in ''Wing Commander III'', which renders the planet uninhabitable for centuries, and the [[{{nanomachines}} [=GenSelect=] device]] used in ''Wing Commander IV'', which in the novelization is estimated to have a fatality rate of roughly 90%.
* WhatTheHellPlayer:
** In the Wing Commander series, you get called on accidentally shooting your wingmen. However, in the first game you don't get punished for it in any way, even if you shoot them down. Colonel Halcyon wasn't kidding when he said you could shoot Maniac down if you want. Later games, however, would take more than a few hits on a wingman's fighter as a sign of turning against your friends, [[VideoGameCrueltyPunishment and will act in self-defense]].
** From ''Wing Commander III'' onwards, you'd get [[NonstandardGameOver court-martialed]] when landing after shooting down a wingman. You get a free pass on it if you eject instead of landing afterward, though.
* WingedHumanoid: The Firekkans from the add-on ''The Secret Missions 2: Crusade'' are only seen in cutscenes, but are pictured as winged humans with avian traits, like beaks and talon-like hands.
* WingMan: Given the genre, this should go without saying. Given the media, it should also go without saying that they're occasionally[[ArtificialStupidity useless]], especially in the older games.
* YouCantGoHomeAgain: Your fate, in timed missions, if you don't return to your carrier before it jumps out, or as noted above if your carrier gets destroyed.
* YouGotSpunk: At the end of a mission briefing for a mission in ''Wing Commander III'', after Blair enthusiastically says to consider an enemy transport convoy destroyed and leaves to go to his fighter, Captain Eisen comments to [[CommunicationsOfficer "Radio" Rollins]], "God I love that boy's spunk!" The sound clip is also used for the sound test, when configuring the original DOS version of the game for digital sound.
* YouNukeEm: In the [[ExpansionPack add-on]] ''Secret Operations 2'', for ''Wing Commander II'', Maniac makes a big deal about the Mace missile mounted by the Morningstar fighter, a tactical nuclear missile that can one-shot smaller capships, or be used to take out a cluster of fighters via splash damage. Oddly, no such deal is made of regular torpedoes, which utilize matter/antimatter warheads that are even more powerful during the war with the Kilrathi.[[note]]Post-war torpedoes are less powerful, primarily for cost-cutting purposes.[[/note]]
* ZergRush: Despite Confed's general superiority with individual pilots and ships, the Kilrathi and later the Nephilim were very nearly able to win using sheer numbers.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Wing Commander: Prophecy and Secret Ops]]
* BugWar: The Nephilim from ''Prophecy'' and ''Secret Ops'' are an insect-looking race coming to sterilize the galaxy. Most missions have you flying against swarms of fighters and some involve you destroying entire fleets in a single sortie.
* CeilingCling: In ''Prophecy'', the boss alien of the invading Nephilim uses this to ambush [[spoiler:Commodore Blair]], when the latter has boarded the alien wormhole gate to try to shut it down before [[ZergRush humans get swarmed over by the Nephilim]].
* ClusterMissile: ''Prophecy'' and its sequel ''Secret Ops'' has the Tracker missile on higher-end fighters, which consists of four Friend or Foe missiles mounted to a common frame, that break off after running a certain distance to allow the individual missiles to track on whatever target meets their targeting parameters.
* CompilationRerelease: On a slightly lesser scale, ''Prophecy'' and ''Secret Ops'' were combined into ''Wing Commander Prophecy Gold'', with a new manual that combined material from the manuals of the individual games into one book, and added some details not seen previously... but did not include the [[AllThereInTheManual online material that provided the meat of the plot for Secret Ops]] after it was taken offline from EA's website.
* ConvergingStreamWeapon: ''Prophecy'' was supposed to have the Tiamat dreadnought equipped with a version of the [[WaveMotionGun "fleet killer" plasma gun]] mounted in the Kraken, with the green glowing tips of the Tiamat's arms forming the beam, but technical difficulties prevented it from being implemented.
* CouldntFindAPen: In ''Prophecy'', it's not shown, but in a discussion between Zero, Dallas, and Hawk in the pilot's lounge, it's mentioned that the Kilrathi aboard the kat fleet that got wasted earlier in the game used their blood to write "Knathrak" (roughly equivalent of Ragnarok for them) on the deck.
* CutscenePowerToTheMax: Mostly averted in ''Wing Commander Secret Ops'', which used the game engine for rendering cutscenes, albeit tweaked in some instances (ex: the Plunkett successfully engaging a Hydra, as the game engine can't target components in the manner required of the player's bomber seeking to kill a capship).
* CyanidePill: In the "bad" ending of ''Secret Ops'' (fail to destroy the command ship before it opens the gate to Nephilim space), the captain of the ''Cerberus'' tells pilots there's a pill beneath their seat that will kill them, so they don't have to experience the horror of [[HordeOfAlienLocusts endless waves of aliens overrunning the universe]].
* DramaticSpaceDrifting: During the credits of ''Special Operations 2'', [[spoiler:Jazz]]'s helmet is seen drifting through space by itself, implying that its wearer didn't eject fast enough after losing the dogfight in the final mission.
* DroolHello: In ''Prophecy'', the first hint [[spoiler:Commodore Blair]] gets of [[CeilingCling an alien waiting to pounce on him]], while he's trying to shut down the alien wormhole gate before [[ZergRush getting swarmed by the Nephilim]], is its drool landing on the rifle he was carrying.
* EarthShatteringKaboom: The ''Sivar's'' main gun in ''Special Ops'' was sufficient to destroy a whole colony from orbit.
* EliteMooks: And finally, the "Ace" pilots from ''Prophecy'', who, though they flew an excellent fighter (by raw statistics, the best ship in the game), had no personality whatsoever.
* FixedForwardFacingWeapon: Roughly half way through ''Prophecy'', the [[ImportedAlienPhlebotinum Nephilim]] [[WaveMotionGun fleet-killer plasma gun]] is mounted to the TCS ''Midway'', positioned between the two halves of the forward part of the ship.[[note]]The game's artists weren't aware of the plot requiring the weapon when the ''Midway'' was designed. That the gun had a place to go ready-made was happy coincidence.[[/note]]
* GameplayAllyImmortality: For some reason the very last mission of ''Prophecy'' plays this completely straight: none of your wingmen can get shot down or need to eject, even if they're {{Redshirt}}s with no plot significance.
* GenerationXerox: the four main characters of ''Prophecy'' are clearly meant to take the torch up from characters in the first four games. Casey is Blair, Maestro is Maniac, Stiletto is Angel and Zero is... hmm, who woulda thought Doomsday was important? Must've been [[AscendedExtra his major role in the novels]].
* HoldingBackThePhlebotinum: The alien fleet killer plasma cannon mounted on the ''Midway'', in ''Prophecy'', was salvaged from a spaceship that comes from ''another dimension'', and given the jury-rigged nature can only safely be fired once.[[note]]In a "You Lose" cutscene, they ''do'' try firing it again. It just explodes.[[/note]]
---> '''Captain Wilford:''' "...a fire-and-forget weapon: we fired it once, and now we can forget about firing it again."
* ImportedAlienPhlebotinum: The TCS ''Midway'' in ''Prophecy'' gets this later in the game, in the form of a [[WaveMotionGun fleet-killer plasma cannon]]. See also the human [[InvisibilityCloak cloaking devices]], which are derived in part from captured Kilrathi devices.
* ItsAWonderfulFailure: In ''Prophecy'', the aliens end up destroying you, your carrier, and, presumably, the last hope of staving off the invasion.
* KilledMidSentence: Averted 99% of the time in ''Prophecy[=/=]Secret Ops'', where a "dead" ship would just keep spinning out of control until its pilot could give its last words. Depending on how much comm chatter was in the queue, it could hang out for as much as 30 seconds.
* LegallyDead: [[spoiler: Christopher Blair]] is declared missing and presumed dead in the [[AllThereInTheManual online content]] for ''Secret Ops''.
* MoreDakka: ''Secret Ops'' introduced a number of new guns, most of which fired a ''lot'' faster than anything in ''Prophecy''.
* NoOneCouldSurviveThat: [[spoiler: Christopher Blair]] gets left behind on the last tower of the wormhole generator in the last mission of ''Prophecy.'' Due to the tower itself being pulled into the wormhole, of course, they NeverFoundTheBody. He is declared LegallyDead in ''Secret Ops''.
* NotWhatISignedOnFor: Dallas in ''Prophecy'' signed up for a tour in the military, but it had been over a decade since the last war with no new enemies in sight, and he was only there because having military service his resume would help his future career prospects.
* OnlyKnownByTheirNickname: The 'Nephilim' are called that because the Kilrathi mythology around them is broadly similar to the Nephilim in Jewish folklore, and the Kilrathi word is hard for humans to pronounce. Their actual name is unknown.
* TheRemnant: The Kilrathi are this in ''Prophecy''. Subverted in that they aren't the antagonists and actually are willing to help their former enemies, the Terrans.
* StarfishLanguage: In ''Prophecy'', the invading Insectoid Race initially communicates with unintelligible buzzing sounds until around the third mission when we find out that they've already deciphered our language and can now at least broadcast in it... ''for the explicit purpose of taunting and creeping us out''. Quoth Maestro: "I think I liked it better when I couldn't understand them!"
* TitleConfusion: ''Prophecy'' is sometimes referred to by fans as "Wing Commander 5", as the fifth "main line" Wing Commander game, even though it's never been used outside the fandom using it as a working title, when almost nothing of the game was yet known to anyone not involved with production of the game.
* WaveMotionGun: The Nephilim has the Kraken, whose plasma cannon can destroy an entire fleet in one shot. Later it was equipped on the TCS ''Midway'', after being reverse engineered from a captured example, though the human version needed extra help to kill an entire fleet.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Wing Commander Arena]]
* AttackDrone: ''Arena'' has this as a PowerUp, giving the player a copy of their ship that flies in formation with them until it's destroyed.
* GreatOffscreenWar: The war with and eventually over the Nephilim following the events of ''Secret Ops'' is only referred to in the manual for the game, primarily as an ExcusePlot for the setting.
* PassThroughTheRings: In ''Arena'', there's a PowerUp in the Bearpit game that presents a game where you have to fly through a series of rings, in order and within a certain amount of time. Finishing the 3 levels of the ring game in a single game session is worth an X-Box Live achievement.
* SignificantAnagram: In ''Star*Soldier'', the manual for ''Arena'', one of the entries in the timeline lists a "Rein Etorbs" as an author of a book series ''The Darkening''. Erin Roberts (brother of Chris) was in charge of what eventually became ''Privateer 2: The Darkening'' (originally titled "The Darkening").
[[/folder]]

----