[[quoteright:194:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/SPELUNKY_3858.PNG]]
->''Putting the faded photo in my pocket,''
->''I drained the rest of my canteen,''
->''and that's when it all started.''
-->-- '''[[http://spelunky.wikia.com/wiki/Opening_Narration (one possible)]] Spelunky intro'''

%%Only one quote on the main page, please.

'''''Spelunky''''' is a {{freeware|Game}} {{platform|Game}}er by Derek Yu that draws heavily on elements present in {{roguelike}}s. [[GenreBusting Alternatively]], it's a freeware rogue-like that draws heavily on elements from platformers. The game features randomly-generated levels, multiple ways of interacting with the environment, multiple ways to progress through the game, and PermaDeath. It also has real-time gameplay and emphasis on jumping and climbing.

The game received a VideoGameRemake for XboxLiveArcade, complete with [[ArtShift a change from retro graphics to hand-drawn art]], more features and local co-op/comptetitive multiplayer. [[{{Vaporware}} After years of hiatus]], the HD remake was released on Xbox LIVE Arcade on July 4, 2012 and later was released on [[Website/GOGDotCom GOG.com]] and {{Steam}} on August 8, 2013 for $15. If you're looking for the original freeware version, you can still find it [[http://spelunkyworld.com/original.html here]].

[[JustOneMoreLevel It's addictive]]. [[Administrivia/YouHaveBeenWarned You've been warned.]]
----
!!Tropes that apply to both versions:
* OneUp: The Ankh is the closest thing you're going to get to this. It gives you one extra chance in the current level should you die while possessing it.
* AbandonedMine: The first 4 levels of the game [[AllThereInTheScript according to the game's source code]]. Outright stated in the remake, where almost everything is now officially named.
* ActionBomb: Fire frogs and flying saucers.
* AdamSmithHatesYourGuts: Guess how much a kiss will be worth at the end.
* AdventurerArchaeologist: You.
* AllNaturalGemPolish: Even gemstones freed from the walls are shiny and cut.
* AntiFrustrationFeatures:
** Every level is intended to have at least one path to the exit that is unobstructed by walls, though very occasionally one in the Mine section will be generated that is blocked. This (usually) ensures that players who have no bombs in their inventory can advance.
** Traps will be lit up by torches in dark stages.
* AwesomeButImpractical: The Teleporter. A small high-tech device that can instantly zap you from place to place, allowing you to reach inaccessible locations, and even take out dangerous enemies with TeleFrag! But unless you're ''extremely'' careful when using it, you're more than likely to end up frag ''yourself'', or materialize yourself over some deadly hazard. [[UselessUsefulSpell The situations where it's useful are outweighed by the situations where it's potentially deadly.]] Since the Teleporter must be carried around in your hands, and you can only carry one item at a time, it's usually just not worth it. You'll probably get more use out of [[BoringYetPractical carrying a rock, instead]].
* BallisticDiscount: Gun stores keep all weapons fully usable and in the open. For convenience's sake. [[ShopliftAndDie Usually, the shopkeeper wields a shotgun and will blast you into oblivion at the slightest provocation]] -- but he isn't immune to the guns. Destroying the store may also get you a discount if your timing is right.
** Also, if you move fast enough as the spelunker, you can [[DifficultButAwesome disarm the shopkeeper and shoot him]]. If you pick up an item, place it down, then whip him, or throw the item at him, and jump quickly he will turn hostile, but you'll just and knock the gun out of his hands when you land on him, and then pick it up and blast him point blank, and [[ThereIsNoKillLikeOverkill keep shooting him]] [[DoubleTap to make sure he doesn't get back up.]]
* BeeBeeGun: The Mummy spits out a swarm of flies at you, each individual of which damages you as much as an arrow.
* BettingMinigame: Some of the shops are replaced with betting parlors. The classic version has you roll two dice and try to get a number higher than 7. The remake has one similar to Series/WheelOfFortune, probably because it was too easy to [[ShopliftAndDie provoke the shopkeeper if you picked up the wrong die.]]
* BloodMagic: The Kapala
* BlackoutBasement: The "I can't see a thing!" levels, which limit your view to a small circle around the Spelunker, are one of the worst hazards in the game. The remake is even worse; you're given a torch to carry through the level, which illuminates in a ''much'' smaller area than the flares did in the classic version. And you're only given one this time. Fortunately, you can light stationary torches on the ground so you can somewhat see your way through the level should you want to backtrack and pick up that damsel you spotted. Certain human enemies will also be carrying torches. If you manage to douse your torch in water, it can be relit from a wall-mounted burning torch.
* BoringYetPractical: Rocks do two ([[{{Nerf}} one in the remake]]) damage per hit, are reusable, are good for triggering traps safely, cannot be destroyed except by lava, and can be thrown a pretty good distance. With a little practice you can destroy most enemies long before they become a threat. The only downside is that you need to be careful not to [[YetAnotherStupidDeath hit yourself on the rebound.]]
* BottomlessPits: The third major area of the caves is mostly platforms over a yawning abyss. The remake's death journals show that they're ''literally'' bottomless; the player character writes "[[OffscreenInertia Help, I'm still falling]]!"
* ChineseVampire: As weak enemies in the ''Restless Dead'' areas.
* CrateExpectations: Store some useful stuff.
* ChunkySalsaRule: Falling from the top of the level to the bottom or getting caught in an explosion causes tremendous damage but can be survived if you've got an unnaturally huge amount of health. Getting squished ([[IndyEscape by a boulder, for example]]), getting [[HumanPopsicle frozen]] and smashed to pieces, falling onto {{spikes|OfDoom}} or into {{lava|Pit}}, or getting eaten by a man-eating plant, however, kills you instantly no matter how many hit points you've got.
* CirclingBirdies: Stars will tell if someone is stunned instead of killed.
* ConvectionSchmonvection: You can stand right next to or over lava and not be burnt up.
* CrystalSkull: Can be found sometimes in the ''Restless Dead'' levels. [[spoiler: Stealing it causes the Ghost to immediately appear]].
* CurbStompBattle: The player with the Sceptre (one hit kill weapon) or Shotgun (4 damage per bullet, 6 bullets).
** The Shopkeeper when you do not have a weapon and are relatively unskilled (he has a shotgun, you do not).
* DamselInDistress: [[VideoGameCrueltyPotential Which doubles as a]] FastballSpecial.
* DemBones: There are heaps of bones all over the ruins. Some of them can still get up and cause trouble for you.
* DescendingCeiling: One of the traps guarding the idols in the ruins section (13-15)
* TheDevTeamThinksOfEverything: Anything that is stunned and placed on Kali's altar will be sacrificed. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d7ikKREYSIc This includes the player.]]
** At the normal end of the game, the spelunker is typically thrown out of the volcano with the giant idol but should the spelunker have a parachute, it will deploy automatically and save themselves the trouble of faceplanting the sand.
* DungeonShop: Six different kinds, all run by well-armed elderly men. Rob/vandalize at your own risk.
* EjectorSeat: Some flying saucer pilots are able to deploy these when their ship is destroyed, allowing them to parachute down to the nearest ledge.
* EquipmentBasedProgression: You find equipment and upgrades, but you can also get them by going to a shop or performing a ritual sacrifice. The game is randomly generated, and if you don't find things early, the later levels might be too hard to get through.
* EscortMission: Every time you try to rescue the damsel. Fortunately, she's nearly invulnerable and makes a good human shield (or [[GrievousHarmWithABody weapon]]). You can carry her around. However, in the remake she (or he, or it) is NO longer [[RealityEnsues as durable as she used to be]], and can only take a couple of hits before perishing.
* EverythingsBetterWithMonkeys: Though "better" may not be the right word for the annoying little pests..
* EverythingTryingToKillYou: Bats, spiders, snakes, cavemen, cultists, yetis... the list goes on and on.
* ExcusePlot: The plot, like everything else in-game, is randomly generated every time you play.
* FantasyKitchenSink: Giant bugs, cavemen, mummies, aliens, ghosts, yetis, Hindu Gods, and more can be found coexisting in the game (with even more added in the remake). Particularly egregious when attempting to find [[spoiler:The City of Gold]]. You have to [[spoiler:Find the egyptian Udjat Eye from a treasure chest, locate the Black Market in a Jungle to buy the egyptian Ankh, die next to a Moai statue to get you the Hedjet (Egyptian crown), and then kill either the mummy (in the original) or Anubis (in the remake) to open the City of Gold, which is a primarily {{Mayincatec}} legend.]]
* FastballSpecial: [[VideoGameCrueltyPotential You can throw damsels at your enemies.]] And stunned enemies at other enemies. And the fun you can have with corpses...
** An item exists solely to make it easier to throw things at other things.
* FastTunnelling: With a pickaxe, it's really easy to knock out a path through the walls.
* FlyingSaucer: That fires green energy bolts and explodes when destroyed.
* FriendOrIdolDecision: ''I hear prayers to Kali!'' Skilled players can rescue both the damsel and the idol.
** Technically, the death trap doesn't activate until the idol is picked up, so it's more of a Friend ''Then'' Idol Decision.
* GagNose: Spelunker, damsels and shopkeepers have a red nose.
* {{Gainaxing}}: Blink and you'll miss it, but the Damsels have a relatively generous bounce going on when they kiss your plucky adventurer.
* GameBreakingBug: [[spoiler:Killing the Black Knight boss sometimes causes the game to label you as a thief, and the shopkeepers will [[ShopliftAndDie react accordingly]].]]
* GiantMook: Several variations that serve as mini-bosses. Most of them have item deathdrops.
* GiantSpider: Along with regular sized ones, and spiders that dangle from their webs in the remake. [[FridgeHorror If you look closely at the sprite, though, it's the same size as the Spelunker...]]
* TheGoomba: As mentioned above, the snake. All it does is slither slowly back and forth. It is perhaps the only enemy that does not actively respond to your presence or do anything to kill you besides continue its regular movement pattern. It has an UndergroundMonkey version in the remake called the Cobra, which spits venom in small intervals. It still retains its movement pattern, however.
* GoombaStomp: Just don't try it on [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Man-Eating Plants.]] [[spoiler:At least not without Spiked Shoes in the original. In the remake, don't try it at all!]]
** Spelunkers can [[GoombaSpringboard bounce off enemies to get a little extra height]] or [[NotTheFallThatKillsYou negate fall damage]].
* GrievousHarmWithABody: See FastballSpecial above.
* GuideDangIt:
** Unlocking the City of Gold. Unless you decided to look on the game's wiki before playing, you probably won't even know that it ''exists,'' let alone the grueling trials required to unlock it.
** On a similar note, finding [[spoiler:the Worm]] and [[spoiler:the Underworld]] in the remake. It doesn't help that the second one requires an [[NintendoHard already excruciating trip]] to the City of Gold ''AND'' [[spoiler:requires you to defeat the FinalBoss in a specific spot that's ''randomly generated'' on each playthrough.]]
** The "WantedMeter." Whenever you rob, attack, or vandalize a shopkeeper's store, ''all of them'' aggro against you and a shopkeeper spawns at the exit for the next few levels. How long they stay hostile depends on what crime you committed and, naturally, you're told nothing about this, your only clue being the "Wanted" posters in the shops. However, this system is averted when a shopkeeper dies. In that case, you have to deal with them ''for the rest of the game.'' And since being wanted spawns dangerous shopkeepers right where you need to go for a couple levels, and the easiest way to survive one is blowing him up...
** The eggplant run. To get an eggplant you need to sacrifice a mystery box to Kali. At first glance the Eggplant does nothing except change the music to a sweet retro tune, but throwing it at the BonusBoss will cause something special to happen. No easy feat, since it's a long journey that is technically impossible to do by yourself (the way the challenge was designed, a second person playing during co-op is supposed to carry the eggplant during a specific part of the game).
*** And if you want to do it solo? In addition to being lucky enough to have a shop with a mystery box spawn in the same level as an altar, you then need to nuke every altar you see until Kali gets angry enough to shackle you with a ball and chain. Next, you need to go the [[spoiler: Black Market, and buy/steal the Ankh]], you need to get a companion from a slave shop (or start with a fresh save so you can guarantee one will spawn in a specific area), then you need to use the ball and chain to break through the Moai head without losing the ball and chain (which is actually a glitch). [[spoiler: When you get to the temple, you'll need to have your follower carry the eggplant until you're able to get inside of the City Of Gold.]]
* HaveANiceDeath: When you die, the journal will endlessly replay your last moments, catalog what you were killed by, and have a first-person description of your player's final thoughts.
* ImprovisedWeapon: Throw the treasure chest! Throw the gold idol! [[FastballSpecial Throw the damsel you're rescuing!]] [[KleptomaniacHero Throw the die you stole from the betting parlor for some reason]]!
* InexplicableTreasureChests: Contain gems or a bomb-trap.
* InventoryManagementPuzzle: You'll often have to juggle items and leave some good ones behind, especially with held items. For instance, do you rescue the damsel or keep your shotgun? If you want to do both, where can you leave you shotgun so that it will be safe until you can pick it up again?
* JetPack: One of the rarest, most expensive, and most useful pieces of equipment in the game. It runs out of fuel fairly quickly when in use, but instantly recharges as soon as you land again.
* JungleJapes: The second area, levels five through eight.
* KingMook: Most of the game's minibosses are scaled-up, more durable versions of regular enemies who've got an extra trick or two up their sleeves.
* KungFuProofMook: [[BigfootSasquatchAndYeti Yetis]], {{shop|liftAndDie}}keepers, and (in the remake) [[HeavilyArmoredMook green knights]] are immune to the {{whip|ItGood}}. The knights are also immune to {{Goomba Stomp}}s, as are giant frogs and mammoths, although spike shoes can remove this immunity.
** TheSpiny: {{Man|EatingPlant}}traps are also immune to the GoombaStomp, and [[OneHitKill will eat you if you try it]]. [[spoiler:Spike shoes will fix this, but only in the original.]] The remake adds devils, which have horns on their heads, and [[CycleOfHurting can stunlock you to death]] ''even if you're wearing spike shoes''.
* LadderPhysics: Which also apply to ropes.
* LastDitchMove: Fire frogs and flying saucers.
* LavaPit: In the remake you can find ([[EleventhHourSuperpower in the ridiculously hard to reach true final level]]) an amulet that renders you immune to them! Better late than never?
* LedgeBats: Has been known to happen to players who don't clear out bats before advancing.
* LuckBasedMission: As mentioned in the UnwinnableByMistake example below, the level generator doesn't always keep up to snuff with path creation. This often results in long, unavoidable falls in certain areas, "dead ends" that force you to spend bombs removing obstacles or ropes to climb over said obstacles, or arrow traps that you have no choice but to get damaged by. Don't have enough hit points? Sorry pal, it's [[FinalDeath back to square one.]]
* LudicrousGibs: Most enemies explode into blobs of blood upon being killed, and some mini-bosses explode into chunks of flesh. And there's a frog that explodes into flames. There is even an item that catches the gibs and gives you health.
* MacheteMayhem: Machetes appear as an equipable weapon which asides from having better upside range (at the cost of horizontal range) can also get rid of spider webs.
* MadeOfExplodium: See the exploding frogs.
* MadeOfIron: [[BadassGrandpa The shopkeeper]]. He has 20 HP compared to your default of 4.
* ManEatingPlant: Have a taste for player characters, damsels, humanoid enemies, and Shopkeepers. [[spoiler:They can't digest the last one though]].
* MercyInvincibility: It's there, but it's so short you may not even notice. If you accidentally fall next to an enemy, you will be stunned, and you will die.
* {{Metroidvania}}: Not a conventional one by any means due to being linear (except the hidden levels), but the way items you collect facilitate (and sometimes are mandatory for) your progress is very reminiscent of the genre. Of course, they are by no means guaranteed to be around when needed.
* MoneyForNothing: Shops appear less often as you progress through the game, but there is a bonus for hoarding enough money when you beat the game, in the original at least. The remake just [[ScoringPoints gives you points]] for the global leader-boards, and a CosmeticReward for acquiring an obscene sum of money.
* {{Mummy}}: Miniboss in the fourth area who [[BeeBeeGun shoots flies from its mouth with a shotgun-like spread.]]
* MuzzleFlashlight: Shooting a gun will illuminate the area around you for a short time in dark levels.
* NightOfTheLivingMooks: "The dead are restless!"
* NintendoHard: Complete with one life that can be lost quickly.
* NotTheFallThatKillsYou: Fall damage can be prevented in a number of ways, including falling into SoftWater or spider webs, landing on an enemy, or catching a ledge, not to mention parachutes. However, falling off the screen is possible in Area 3, and that results in instant death.
* OffscreenInertia: Most action on a level freezes if it is happening far enough away from the Spelunker. (There are exceptions, including The Ghost.) This was done deliberately to improve game performance-speed.
* OneHitKill: It doesn't matter how much health you have--Fall onto [[ImpaledWithExtremePrejudice spikes]], and you're done. Same deal with running into Mantraps or the Ghost. This can also apply to bombs, as it's unlikely you'll have enough [=HP=] to survive an explosion during a normal playthrough.
* OurVampiresAreDifferent: A particularly challenging foe. It can turn into a bat, jumps higher than any other human enemy, takes more damage to kill than most enemies beforehand and is always hostile to the player.
* PermaDeath: You die, you have to start again from level one... unless you pay the Tunnel Man to finish the shortcuts [[spoiler:or acquire the Ankh from the Black Market.]]
* PersonalSpaceInvader: There are monkeys that will latch onto you. They can throw away your items or stun you. Especially annoying because the vines they are climbing on are mostly over spike pits that kill you instantly, and getting stunned makes you lose grip of the vine.
* PlayableMenu: In the original you take control of the main character as soon as the opening cutscene ends. In the remake you control the character on the level select screen.
* RandomlyGeneratedLevels: Well, procedurally-generated, to be more precise, but it's certainly randomized enough to keep fresh.
* ResurrectiveImmortality: The Spelunker. It's explained in the remake that the Curse of [[FinalBoss Olmec]] prevents anyone who enters the cave from escaping until they defeat him, and if they perish they are immediately revived in the entrance chamber. Which explains why characters are able to write in the journal in such an impossible state to do so (brains fried/[[{{LiterallyShatteredLives}} shattered]]/etc.)
* RockBeatsLaser: Just see what happens if you throw a rock at flying saucer.
* {{Roguelike}}: Has the traditional difficulty paired with procedurally-generated levels and some inventory/resource/time management.
* SchmuckBait: ''Everything''. The ''game itself'', [[JustOneMoreLevel if you have a busy schedule]].
* ShortRangeShotgun: Not a big deal with anything that isn't [[MadeOfIron notably tough]] -- the blast spreads out dramatically and deals a ridiculous amount of damage even at long ranges. Still, don't expect to kill a shopkeeper in one blast unless he's right next to you.
* ShotgunsAreJustBetter: One of the most powerful weapons in the game. Unfortunately, every shopkeeper is toting one.
* ShoutOut: A few to ''Franchise/IndianaJones''. The main player sprite bears a strong resemblance to Indy (other than the red nose). The Gold Idol is a semi-common item. You can get a Crystal Skull during a "restless dead" level. And sometimes the text "I hear snakes... [[WhyDidItHaveToBeSnakes I hate snakes]]!" appears at the start of a level, which means there's a snake nest in the level.
** Getting a ball and chain attached to you? [[VideoGame/NetHack Sure sounds familiar.]]
** Guess what you find [[Franchise/EvilDead in the grave of "ASH"]]. [[spoiler:[[ShotgunsAreJustBetter A boomstick!]]]]
* ShopliftAndDie: Prepare to get gunned down if you run out with an item in your hands. Or whip the shopkeeper. Or accidentally throw your unwanted item at him when you only wanted to put it down. Also be prepared to have an alert shopkeeper staking out at the next few level exits. Or for the rest of the game if you happened to kill one. Yeah, they don't mess around.
* ShowsDamage: Jaws, a giant piranha, gradually loses skin as it takes damage.
* SlippySlideyIceWorld: Starts at level 9.
* SmoochOfVictory: Your prize for rescuing a damsel, and it grants you an extra health unit.
* SoftWater: That can negate fall damage, but may contain piranhas.
* SolidGoldPoop: In the HD version you can sacrifice a Golden Idol to Kali, and she'll send you a Golden Monkey that poops gems and gold nuggets.
* SongsInTheKeyOfPanic: Hurry music is inverted. The music slows down when running out of time until the ghost appears. In the remake, this is no longer a warning: once the music slows down, it is too late. The ghost appears immediately.
* SpikesOfDoom: But you can walk through them as long as you don't land in them. Most enemies can be killed by them, too. Later on, there are totem poles that thrust spikes out their sides whenever you come near. The ground spikes are one of several ways a spelunker can [[ChunkySalsaRule die instantly regardless of his health]], and the totem poles deal enough damage to kill you instantly if you haven't gotten at least one health boost.
* SpringJump: Spring Shoes.
* SpringsSpringsEverywhere: In Area 3, where they're hardly visible when not sprung. They turn into energy-repulsors which behaves the same in the remake, though.
* StalkedByTheBell: The Ghost. You have two and a half minutes in each level before it shows up. Possession of the Hedjet will prevent this, but only in the original.
* StickyBomb: As a replacement for standard bombs.
* StuffBlowingUp: Not in the main game itself, but there's a mod for it. This makes the game harder by making every either explode or [[IncendiaryExponent or on (harmless) fire.]] This is worth mentioning because how much it changes the game's playstyle by just using this trope. P.S. arrow traps aren't your friends at all.
* SuperNotDrowningSkills: There are many, ''many'' ways you can be killed. Drowning, surprisingly, is not one of them.
* TheTetrisEffect: One of the aftereffects when playing it enough.
* {{Telefrag}}: Be careful not to move into a wall when using the Teleporter. [[spoiler: Be even more careful to move right into shopkeepers-- it doesn't count as a death, as far as punishment is concerned.]]
** One remake-only enemy in Area 4 teleports whenever they are about to be hit. Fortunately they often end up telefragging themselves.
* TempleOfDoom: Area 4.
* ThenLetMeBeEvil: It has to be admitted, players are probably much more antagonistic than needed to shopkeepers because of how how they pull out their weapon on you. And considering they are most likely just being cautious around somebody who fought their way down, it's almost a SelfFulfillingProphecy.
* TreasureIsBiggerInFiction: Those gold bars look to be bigger than the Spelunker, and the CrystalSkull is bigger than his own head!
* UndergroundLevel: The whole game, which happens inside ruins.
* UnwinnableByDesign: Falls into Tough category. It is possible to get stuck when misusing your items.
* UnwinnableByMistake: The level generator tries its best to create a level [[BenevolentArchitecture that can be passed with minimal use of ropes and bombs]]. Unfortunately, a path can sometimes be blocked by a grave or a totem.
* UselessUsefulSpell: The teleporter. On the one hand, you can teleport four or so tiles in near any direction, and as such can occasionally avoid using bombs to blow open walls. On the other hand, it's possible to teleport ''inside a wall'', [[{{Telefrag}} killing you instantly]]. Or in front of an arrow trap. Or into a pit, leading to a death fall.
* VideoGameCrueltyPotential: The main use for Damsels is to be rescued, which nets you a chaste kiss and a point of health. But they're also surprisingly aerodynamic, making them useful for setting off traps or killing enemies. Even if they die by your ineptitude, they're still [[FastballSpecial valid throwing weapons]]. They make great sacrifices, too.
** One popular strategy for dealing with high-end monsters is to attach a Sticky Bomb to a Damsel and let her dash forward.
** The remake allows you to not only be mean to your team-mates but you can even sacrifice them to Kali.
* VideoGameCrueltyPunishment: Killed a Shopkeeper? Have fun dealing with them as they'll now shoot you on sight and station themselves at level exits ''for the rest of your current playthrough''.
** Blew up an Altar? Six Spiders thrown in your face. Blew up an Altar the second time? Ball and chain attached to your foot, which restricts your movement unless you carry the ball (note that you'll be chained to this for the ''rest of the playthrough''). Blew up an Altar the ''third'' time? ''ghost immediately.''
* VirginSacrifice: "You hear prayers to Kali!" [[VideoGameCrueltyPotential You can also sacrifice damsels yourself.]]
* WhatTheHellHero: If you pull it off right, then you can kill shopkeepers and steal their goods - but [[VideoGameCrueltyPunishment you'll be a wanted man from there on out]].
* WhereTheHellIsSpringfield: The ruins. The intro establishes that they're located in the Middle East, but the architecture is distinctly Mesoamerican, and there are altars to an Indian goddess. The third area's Yeti and ice suggest the Himalayas, but then there's the [[EenieMeenieMinyMoai Moai statue]] and a volcano at the end, and a number of Egyptian enemies.
** And then in the remake [[spoiler: you can go to Hell, but the boss is the Chinese depiction of the Asian god Yama]].
* WhenAllYouHaveIsAHammer: Approaching every problem with bombs is effective. Want the treasure in the walls? Bomb them. Want to cut right to the exit? Bomb your way down. Arrow trap in the way and you don't have a rock? Chuck an inactive bomb down and pick it up again. Or just blow it up. Inconvenient pit of water or lava? Drain it by bombing the bottom. Want that statue, but don't want to set off the traps associated? Bomb it off the platform (in the original at least). Wanna rob the shop? See Ballistic Discount up there (hint: it involves bombs). Fighting boss monsters? One hit kill. Final boss? Bombs make it end more quickly.
* WhipItGood: Your primary weapon.
* XMeetsY: ''VideoGame/{{La-Mulana}}'' meets ''VideoGame/NetHack'' meets Tim Martin's ''VideoGame/{{Spelunker}}''.
* YetAnotherStupidDeath: Believe us, you'll have lots of these, even if you're ''good'' at platformers, roguelikes, or ''VideoGame/IWannaBeTheGuy''.
** Example: [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=msKWy7A8onQ#t=2m0s Getting shot by a shopkeeper]] ''right'' on top of the City of Gold entrance. {{Lampshade|Hanging}}d by the player shortly after the death.
** There are lots of others. Being punted by an arrow into a [[ChunkySalsaRule lava pit]] while on 43 hit points, punted by a frog into a spike pit, punted by a Yeti into a bottomless pit...[[CaptainObvious Basically, you want to avoid getting punted.]]
** The game even keeps track of how many deaths you've had (up to the first 50 or so) via marks on the wall at the cave entrance.

!!Tropes exclusive to the original:
* BraggingRightsReward: The reward for completing all four challenges.
* DistressedDude: If you rescue enough damsels, you can play as her, and the guy becomes this.
* GenderBender: Rescuing 8 damsels opens [[ExactlyWhatItSaysontheTin the Changing Room, which changes the Spelunker]] into a Damsel and ''vice versa.'' The main character is now female. HilarityEnsues.
* FreakyFridayFlip: The Changing Room makes you switch with the Damsel. [[GrandTheftMe You can leave this on for the rest of the game.]]
* GameMod: As of 1.1 the Source code to Spelunky is out, and many mods can be found on the forums.
* HitboxDissonance: The Giant Piranha's hitbox is exclusively its mouth, attacking ''and'' defending.
* HumanPopsicle: Occasionally found in Area 3.
* InfinityPlusOneSword and EleventhHourSuperpower: The scepter, obtained by killing a relatively easy guaranteed boss in the temple. It launches a homing attack that instantly kills any enemy it touches, and makes the final boss much easier. In the sequel it was moved to a harder boss and also nerfed by making it very capable of insta-killing YOU.
* InventoryManagementPuzzle: Averted with the mod Yet Another Spelunky Mod, where you can put mostly everything in your inventory except "big" items like the Damsel, corpses or the Idol.
* MadeOfIron: You might as well use that damsel you're carrying to set off any arrow traps in your way. She'll be fine.
** For the record, the damsel CAN die in the same way that you can, but she's immune to fall damage and take less damage from certain traps.
* {{Metroidvania}}: As of version 0.99.8, making one of these in the level editor is possible. Several have been completed.
* PressXToDie: ESC+F1 is the suicide command. [[spoiler: It's actually useful for spelunkers attempting to find the City of Gold; once you acquire the [[AutoRevive Ankh]], you have to kill yourself next to a giant Easter Island head in Area 3, and if you want to spare yourself the frustration, ESC+F1 is the easiest way to do it. You can't do that in the remake, though, as the command kills you regardless of whenever you have the Ankh or not.]]
* SecretCharacter: The damsel and [[spoiler:the tunnel-man]]. The former is functionally equivalent to the Spelunker, but the latter [[DifficultButAwesome drastically changes the way you play the game]].
* SpeedRun: Beating the game quickly enough opens a mini-game room.

!!Tropes exclusive to the remake:
* AbsurdlySharpBlade: The Crysknife found in[[spoiler:side of the giant worm]].
* AndNowForSomeoneCompletelyDifferent: You don't play the tutorial as the Spelunker (nor any of the initially unlocked adventurers). Instead, you play as Yang, an Asian explorer who traversed the cave long before you.
* BettingMinigame: Besides the examples described above, there's a meta-example of it: ''[[http://spelunkyroulette.sparklinlabs.com/ Spelunky Death Roulette]]'', in which people bet on which will cause the death of people playing live on [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twitch_%28website%29 Twitch.tv]].
-->'''''Obligatory disclaimer''''': ''No real money involved. "Spelunky Bucks" are a fake currency with a very real sentimental value.''
* {{BFG}}: The Plasma Cannon.
* {{Bowdlerise}}: Attacking a damsel in the kissing booth in the original would make the shopkeeper say "[[CasualKink Hey, only I can do that]]!" and attack you. In the remake, his line has been changed to, "Hey, you can't do that!"
* TheCameo: You can rescue [[spoiler:VideoGame/MeatBoy from the bowels of the giant worm]], and he becomes a playable character afterwards.
* CrosshairAware: Occasionally, a targeted laser will appear in Deathmatch Mode to attempt to pick off players who wait too long. Also happens in [[TheMothership the Mothership bonus area.]]
* DamnYouMuscleMemory: Various changes to how the game game works result in this. You automatically grab ledges now (instead of physically having to hold left or right as you fall) so you can get hung up on ledges more easily, especially with the climbing gloves. There's also the Mantrap enemy; originally you could actually jump on it to kill it if you had a set of spike shoes, but in the remake attempting to jump on it even with spike shoes equipped will result in you getting eaten.
* DifficultButAwesome: The Plasma Cannon. It has horrible recoil (pushes you two blocks away) and it's very easy to kill yourself with it, as its shots do lethal SplashDamage upon impact. But if you learn to utilize it responsibly, you're suddenly unstoppable. It is also the only item in the game which provides you with unlimited environment destruction potential.
* DistressedDude: You can configure the game so that one can encounter a male version of the damsel, ([[EveryoneIsBi even if you're playing as a male]]). Also, if that's not your cup of tea, you can also replace the damsel with a [[PreciousPuppy precious pug.]] [[ExtremeOmnisexual Or a randomized mix of all three.]]
* DiscOneNuke: Acquiring the [[spoiler:Crysknife]] from a [[spoiler:Worm level]], which is possible as early as the first Jungle level, allows you mow down most bosses and enemies with impunity.
* EleventhHourSuperpower: [[spoiler:In 5-1 you can acquire Vlad's Amulet, which allows you to swim in lava and touch Magma Men without injury. It's limited to Hell and makes the area easier, though the drop in difficulty is less than it would have been if it was available in the earlier Temple.]]
* EveryoneIsBi[=/=]GayOption: All the damsels types (girl, dude and dog) will kiss you, regardless of your adventurer's gender or its own.
* FreezeRay: One of the new weapons. It has limited range and rate of fire, but it freezes 95% of the enemies and they [[OneHitKill shatter instantly with even the slightest hit]] while on this state, even the toughest ones.
* FundamentallyFunnyFruit: Sacrificing a Gift Box would result in [[spoiler: [[EasterEgg a eggplant spawning and cause the music to change to a song called "Ultra Egg"]]. Throwing it at King Yama's head [[BalefulPolymorph turns it into a giant eggplant]], making him easier to kill]].
* GoshHornet: The Killer Bee and Queen Bee, complete with their own mini-area in the Jungle.
* HairTriggerExplosive: TNT blocks will explode violently when hit by ''anything'', even by flying blood drops and shrapnel that are generally harmless.
* HauntedCastle: [[spoiler:Another bonus area found in the Restless Dead sublevel, in which you can also find Film/VanHelsing, who becomes a playable character when you free him.]]
* HaveANiceDeath: The Spelunker often writes in his journal about whatever last killed him, or commenting on how close they were to reaching the next area.
-->'''Spelunker:''' An {{a|nnoyingArrows}}rrow has pierced one of my vital organs.
* HeavilyArmoredMook: The green knights in area 2 [[labelnote:Spoiler]]specifically, the HauntedCastle[[/labelnote]] are immune to the whip and normal {{Goomba Stome}}s. Hitting them with any other weapon, or stomping them while wearing spike shoes, will turn them into ordinary cavemen.
** ShieldBearingMook: The Black Knight from the same area carries a shield that can reflect all projectiles - [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pUMFHwDpkrU#t=18s including sticky bombs]][[note]]Starts about 18 seconds in, if the link doesn't skip to that part[[/note]] - and [[OneHitKill can crush creatures and objects, including you, with it]].
* HornetHole: {{Downplayed|Trope}}: Sometimes a Jungle level will have a beehive area, containing some honey patches that cause items to stick, a number of [[http://spelunky.wikia.com/wiki/Killer_Bee giant bees]], and a [[http://spelunky.wikia.com/wiki/Queen_Bee queen bee]]. The queen drops royal jelly when killed, which is the second most potent source of healing in the game.
* HumanPopsicle: The mammoths in area 3 can turn ''you'' into this. As you could probably guess, getting smashed in this form is a OneHitKill.
* InfinityMinusOneSword: The Scepter and [[spoiler: the Plasma Cannon]] are more powerful than the already fairly {{Game Break|er}}ing Shotgun, but good luck getting either without injury or death! Even if you do manage to get one of those powerful weapons, [[spoiler: it's much easier to accidentally kill yourself with both when compared to the Shotgun]] you can only acquire them late in the game when there are only a few levels left. And if you're going for the City of Gold or Hell, both can only be used for two full levels! By contrast, the Shotgun can be found as early as level 1-1 and can last you the whole game if you're careful!
* InfinityPlusOneSword: The [[spoiler:[[AbsurdlySharpBlade Crysknife]], fashioned out of a giant worm tooth,]] is found deep within [[spoiler:[[WombLevel the bowels of a Worm]]]] in the remake. You have to go out of your way to get to it, but it essentially OneHitKill's almost any enemy in the game, even the more giant ones like the Mammoths in area 3 - and rather than having to be carried, like most weapons, it ''replaces your whip,'' leaving your hands free.
* LethalJokeItem: [[spoiler:If you manage to get the [[FundamentallyFunnyFruit eggplant]] to King Yama, throwing it at his head will turn it into a giant eggplant, which does not move or attack and has only one hitpoint.]]
* LuckilyMyShieldWillProtectMe: The Shield will not only leave you invulnerable to frontal attacks, but you can crush enemies against walls with it. Be careful--you can also crush Damsels and items.
* TheMothership: A BrutalBonusLevel, with turrets, alien tanks, and an ''even bigger'' alien boss who uses the power of CrosshairAware to fry your brains.
* MythologyGag: The deathmatch theme includes [[spoiler:part of the original game's cave theme]] about halfway into the song.
* PowerUpLetdown: To anyone familiar with the first game, the Hedjet becomes this. While it still lets you get to the City of Gold, it loses its two other positive qualities from the original (preventing the Ghost from coming and lighting up dark areas without the aid of flares).
* ScaryScorpions: A new enemy type that lurks inside the mines... [[BrickJoke And the temple!]]
* SecretCharacter: Eight (sixteen in the PC version) can be found, one of them being [[spoiler:VideoGame/MeatBoy]]. All of them have the exact same abilities and 'stats', but each one of them is quite [[CastOfSnowflakes distinctive]] and [[ColorCodedMultiplayer colorful]].
* SelfImposedChallenge: The legendary Eggplant Run. It requires one to take the eggplant (a useless {{joke item}} obtainable by sacrificing a mystery box on an altar, it doesn't do anything and it breaks if thrown) all the way to [[spoiler: [[TrueFinalBoss Yama]]]]. This is impossible without either another player or the Hired Help NPC. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ScH1ixOFxo The former has been done successfully]] and as of 10/11/2013, [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LGrPeu5NWk0 Bananasaurus Rex has done a solo Eggplant run.]]
* SpeedRun: Beating the game quickly enough gives you [[CosmeticAward an achievement]].
* WombLevel: [[spoiler:The Worm level.]]
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->''"[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=msKWy7A8onQ Oh, Spelunky,]] [[NintendoHard why do you hurt me so?]]"''
-->--'''[[LetsPlay Brickroad]]'''