Tuvalu is a small country formed by a volcanic island chain that has the distinction of being one of the least populous countries in the world after UsefulNotes/VaticanCity and UsefulNotes/{{Nauru}} at 10, 640. Considering the Vatican is almost like a room (complete with the fact that itís surrounded by walls), it says a lot. Of course, Tuvalu is also one of the smallest countries in the world, with a total land area of just 10 square miles.

They declared independence from the United Kingdom in 1978 and on September 5th, 2000, became the 189th member of the United Nations. Like UsefulNotes/{{Kiribati}}, they are very susceptible to sea level rising and passing storms, which is understandable considering the islands are less than five meters above sea level. As a result, they're one of the countries most interested in matters pertaining to climate change, since they fear their choices are "stop climate change" or "evacuate at some point in the next few centuries". It has no official military force.

Happily, Tuvalu happened to be assigned ".tv" as its internet domain name, and made a lot of money around the TurnOfTheMillennium by selling it to television companies who wanted .tv websites. It is served only by the Funafuti International Airport.

[[folder: The Tuvaluan flag ]]
->Deviating from the standard British "blue ensign", the Tuvaluan flag's field is sky-blue, representing the Pacific Ocean. At the fly side is an array of nine stars, representing the accurate positioning of Tuvalu's main islands turned on its side (i.e., east is facing up) -- Funafuti, Nanumanga, Nanumea, Niulakita, Niutao, Nui, Nukufetau, Nukulaelae and Vaitupu.