->''"Osman saw himself and his host reposing near each other.''
->''From the bosom of Edebali rose the full moon,''
->''and inclining towards the bosom of Osman it sank upon it, and was lost to sight.''
->''After that a goodly tree sprang forth, which grew in beauty and in strength, ever greater and greater.''
->''still did the ambracing verdure of its boughs and branches cast an ampler and an ampler shade, ''
->'' until they canopied the extreme horizon of the three parts of the world. Under the tree stood''
->''four mountains, which he knew to be Caucasus,''
->''Atlas, Taurus, and Haemus."''
-->--''Osman's Dream'', [[TheEpic the traditional epic]] of the Ottoman Empire


Oghuz Turks have long and not without justice been reputed to be a ProudWarriorRace. The present day nation of Turkey was descended from the Ottoman Empire which was founded by [[TheHorde border raiders]] in Asia Minor. These formed themselves into a conquering [[TheEmpire Empire]] which was able to subjugate large parts of the Balkans. At one of its [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome key moments]] the Ottomans were, in 1453, able to take Constantinople which was the [[VestigialEmpire last trace]] of TheRomanEmpire. After this they grew to become one of the greatest powers in the world.

The Ottomans were checked by the improvements in military technique and increase in economic production by European powers. They were driven back in a series of wars by Austria and Russia. Subjugated powers began [[LaResistance revolting]] in the nineteenth century, and the Ottoman Empire itself became a VestigialEmpire. So Vestigal in fact that one of the main reasons it survived was that other powers were afraid Russia would conquer it first and upset the BalanceOfPower.

During UsefulNotes/WorldWarI the Ottoman Empire fought on the German side. It gave a fairly good account of itself, but in the end lost most of its empire, and upon surrendering, significant chunks of its Anatolian heartland were given--directly or indirectly--to Greece, Italy, and France. However in a curious twist of fate it managed to resurrect itself. The Turkish General Kemal Ataturk, who had distinguished himself at Gallipoli, put himself at the head of a nationalist movement which prevented the total collapse of Turkish independence (ironically, despite being a militant secularist, the mass of peasants who followed him showed up because he managed to convince an assembly of muftis to declare a ''jihad''). Turkey reformed itself from a VestigialEmpire into a nation state under Ataturk who was, for the Turks, sort of a semi-benign cross between a GloriousLeader and a {{Cincinnatus}}. During UsefulNotes/WorldWarII it stayed neutral and was able to do so both because of its formidable if old fashioned army, and because of the [[TheChessmaster geopolitical skills]] of its leaders. During The Cold War the Turks took the anti-communist side and Turkish troops fought with distinction in UsefulNotes/TheKoreanWar (amusingly, the [[EnemyMine Greeks]] showed up, too; there are no reports on what they thought of one another). Turkey joined NATO in 1952 as part of the first enlargement, at the same time as Greece. Turkey now has the second-largest army in NATO after the YanksWithTanks.
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%%!!Tropes as portrayed in fiction:

!!Appearances in fiction

* ''Film/{{Gallipoli}}.''
* ''Film/LawrenceOfArabia.''
* ''Kurtlar Vadisi'' (English title ''Valley of The Wolves'' [[note]] Most Notable for the BigDamnMovie Valley of the Wolves: Iraq]][[/note]])
* ''Film/{{Ararat}}''
* In ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'', the MoeAnthropomorphism of Turkey ''and'' the former Ottoman Empire (Sadiq Annan) appears once or twice with his troops around.
* ''Series/{{Mash}}'' shows the Turks as part of the UsefulNotes/KoreanWar fighting force, and as such visiting the 4077th every so often. One scene had a Turk/Greek fight broken up by a pissed-off [[spoiler:Father Mulcahy]].
* ''O Şimdi Asker'' (''He is a Soldier Now''): Chronicles the experiences of a group of soldiers scheduled for short-term conscrption but ended up getting stuck in the military when a crisis with Greece breaks out. Somewhat critical of the army but ultimately focusing on the TrueCompanions that grow between the diverse range of characters.
* ''The Lark Farm (La Masseria Delle Allodole)'', an Italian-made film about the {{World War One}}-era deportations of Armenians by the Turkish military.
** ''Skylark Farm'' by Antonia Arslan, the novel which the above film was based on.
* ''The Turkish Gambit'' novel from Literature/ErastFandorin series (also [[Film/TheTurkishGambit the movie]]).
* The ''VideoGame/TotalWar'' series features the Ottoman Empire as a playable faction in the original ''[[VideoGame/MedievalTotalWar Medieval]]'', ''[[VideoGame/MedievalIITotalWar Medieval II]]'', ''[[VideoGame/EmpireTotalWar Empire]]'', and ''[[VideoGame/NapoleonTotalWar Napoleon]]''.
* Emilio Salgari (better known for his ''Literature/{{Sandokan}}'' novels wrote two novels, ''Capitan Tempesta'' e ''Il Leone di Damasco'', centered around the war between Venice and the Ottoman Empire for control of Cyprus and the Battle of Lepanto.
* ''Rampage'', [[FanNickname aka.]] ''Turkish Franchise/{{Rambo}}''.
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